keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

guide acute liver injury

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645739/mir-1224-inhibits-cell-proliferation-in-acute-liver-failure-by-targeting-the-antiapoptotic-gene-nfib
#1
Sanchari Roy, Heike Bantel, Franziska Wandrer, Anne Theres Schneider, Jeremie Gautheron, Mihael Vucur, Frank Tacke, Christian Trautwein, Tom Luedde, Christoph Roderburg
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Patient outcome in acute liver failure (ALF) is crucially determined by the appropriate balance between cell death and compensatory cell proliferation. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) - small non-coding RNAs that function as guide molecules in RNA silencing - have evolved as crucial mediators of nearly all developmental and pathological processes including physiology and disease of the liver. We investigated the role of miR-1224 during ALF. METHODS: We measured miR-1224 in livers of mice in various acute liver disease murine models and in ALF patients using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552297/comparison-between-2-strategies-of-fluid-management-on-blood-loss-and-transfusion-requirements-during-liver-transplantation
#2
Nirmeen A Fayed, Khaled A Yassen, Ayat R Abdulla
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of low central venous pressure (LCVP) and transesophageal Doppler (TED)-guided fluid management on blood loss and blood transfusion during liver transplantation (LTx). DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Single institution, university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Adult recipients of LTx. INTERVENTIONS: Two groups: control (LCVP G), n=45 with CVP maintained 40% lower than the preoperative value during the preanhepatic phase...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476244/imaging-of-hepatic-toxicity-of-systemic-therapy-in-a-tertiary-cancer-centre-chemotherapy-haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-molecular-targeted-therapies-and-immune-checkpoint-inhibitors
#3
REVIEW
F Alessandrino, S H Tirumani, K M Krajewski, A B Shinagare, J P Jagannathan, N H Ramaiya, D N Di Salvo
The purpose of this review is to familiarise radiologists with the spectrum of hepatic toxicity seen in the oncology setting, in view of the different systemic therapies used in cancer patients. Drug-induced liver injury can manifest in various forms, and anti-neoplastic agents are associated with different types of hepatotoxicity. Although chemotherapy-induced liver injury can present as hepatitis, steatosis, sinusoidal obstruction syndrome, and chronic parenchymal damages, molecular targeted therapy-associated liver toxicity ranges from mild liver function test elevation to fulminant life-threatening acute liver failure...
July 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281441/miliary-tuberculosis
#4
REVIEW
Surendra K Sharma, Alladi Mohan
Miliary tuberculosis (TB) results from a massive lymphohematogenous dissemination of Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacilli and is characterized by tiny tubercles evident on gross pathology resembling millet seeds in size and appearance. The global HIV/AIDS pandemic and widespread use of immunosuppressive drugs and biologicals have altered the epidemiology of miliary TB. Considered to be predominantly a disease of infants and children in the pre-antibiotic era, miliary TB is increasingly being encountered in adults as well...
March 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160038/biliary-and-pancreatic-complications-of-molecular-targeted-therapies-in-cancer-imaging
#5
REVIEW
Francesco Alessandrino, Katherine M Krajewski, Sree Harsha Tirumani, Marta Braschi-Amirfarzan, Jyothi P Jagannathan, Nikhil H Ramaiya, Donald N Di Salvo
The purpose of this review is to familiarize radiologists with the different imaging manifestations of biliary and pancreatic toxicity of molecular targeted therapies. The advent of molecular targeted therapies for cancer treatment has prompted radiologists to be familiar with these new molecules, their patterns of response, and their class-specific toxicities. While liver and bowel toxicities have been extensively reported in literature, less is known about the pathogenesis and imaging of toxicity involving the pancreatobiliary system...
February 3, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002875/outcomes-from-massive-paracetamol-overdose-a-retrospective-observational-study
#6
Daniel J B Marks, Paul I Dargan, John R H Archer, Charlotte L Davies, Alison M Dines, David M Wood, Shaun L Greene
LINKED ARTICLE: This article is commented on by Bateman DN and Dear JW. Should we treat very large paracetamol overdose differently? Br J Clin Pharmacol 2017; 83: 1163-5. https://doi.org/10.1111/bcp.13279 AIMS: Treatment of paracetamol (acetaminophen) overdose with acetylcysteine is standardized, with dose determined only by patient weight. The validity of this approach for massive overdoses has been questioned. We systematically compared outcomes in massive and non-massive overdoses, to guide whether alternative treatment strategies should be considered, and whether the ratio between measured timed paracetamol concentrations (APAPpl ) and treatment nomogram thresholds at those time points (APAPt ) provides a useful assessment tool...
June 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818230/effect-of-ppar-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-agonist-gw0742-treatment-in-the-acute-phase-response-and-blood-brain-barrier-permeability-following-brain-injury
#7
Khouloud Chehaibi, Laura le Maire, Sarah Bradoni, Joan Carles Escola, Francisco Blanco-Vaca, Mohamed Naceur Slimane
The systemic response to ischemic stroke is associated with the hepatic acute phase response (APR) that modulates leukocytes recruitment to the injured brain. The inappropriate recruitment of leukocytes to the brain parenchyma can result in blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown. Emerging data suggest that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor beta/delta (PPAR-β/δ) activation has a potential neuroprotective role in ischemic stroke. However, mechanisms of PPAR-β/δ mediated protection in ischemic insults remain unclear...
April 2017: Translational Research: the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722160/monitoring-and-treatment-of-coagulation-disorders-in-end-stage-liver-disease
#8
REVIEW
Fuat H Saner, Carmen Kirchner
BACKGROUND: Patients with end-stage liver disease (ESLD) are assumed to be at high risk of bleeding when undergoing any kind of invasive intervention (any kind of operation, including transplantation or minimally invasive interventions). Both bleeding and thrombosis are associated with a poor outcome. METHODS: A selective literature research was conducted with the following key words: 'cirrhosis', 'coagulation', 'bleeding', 'INR' (international normalized ratio), 'aPTT' (activated partial thromboplastin time), and 'thrombocytopenia'...
August 2016: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604617/12th-winfocus-world-congress-on-ultrasound-in-emergency-and-critical-care
#9
Yahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati Salman, Erdem Cevik, Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-Bordomás, Mustafa Z Mahmoud, Abdelmoneim Sulieman, Abbas Ali, Alrayah Mustafa, Ihab Abdelrahman, Mustafa Bahar, Osama Ali, H Lester Kirchner, Gregor Prosen, Ajda Anzic, Paul Leeson, Maryam Bahreini, Fatemeh Rasooli, Houman Hosseinnejad, Gabriel Blecher, Robert Meek, Diana Egerton-Warburton, Edina Ćatić Ćuti, Stanko Belina, Tihomir Vančina, Idriz Kovačević, Nadan Rustemović, Ikwan Chang, Jin Hee Lee, Young Ho Kwak, Do Kyun Kim, Chi-Yung Cheng, Hsiu-Yung Pan, Chia-Te Kung, Ela Ćurčić, Ena Pritišanac, Ivo Planinc, Marijana Grgić Medić, Radovan Radonić, Abiola Fasina, Anthony J Dean, Nova L Panebianco, Patricia S Henwood, Oliviero Fochi, Moreno Favarato, Ezio Bonanomi, Ivan Tomić, Youngrock Ha, Hongchuen Toh, Elizabeth Harmon, Wilma Chan, Cameron Baston, Gail Morrison, Frances Shofer, Angela Hua, Sharon Kim, James Tsung, Isa Gunaydin, Zeynep Kekec, Mehmet Oguzhan Ay, Jinjoo Kim, Jinhyun Kim, Gyoosung Choi, Dowon Shim, Ji-Han Lee, Jana Ambrozic, Katja Prokselj, Miha Lucovnik, Gabrijela Brzan Simenc, Asta Mačiulienė, Almantas Maleckas, Algimantas Kriščiukaitis, Vytautas Mačiulis, Andrius Macas, Sharad Mohite, Zoltan Narancsik, Hugon Možina, Sara Nikolić, Jan Hansel, Rok Petrovčič, Una Mršić, Simon Orlob, Markus Lerchbaumer, Niklas Schönegger, Reinhard Kaufmann, Chun-I Pan, Chien-Hung Wu, Sarah Pasquale, Stephanie J Doniger, Sharon Yellin, Gerardo Chiricolo, Maja Potisek, Borut Drnovšek, Boštjan Leskovar, Kristine Robinson, Clara Kraft, Benjamin Moser, Stephen Davis, Shelley Layman, Yusef Sayeed, Joseph Minardi, Irmina Sefic Pasic, Amra Dzananovic, Anes Pasic, Sandra Vegar Zubovic, Ana Godan Hauptman, Ana Vujaklija Brajkovic, Jaksa Babel, Marina Peklic, Vedran Radonic, Luka Bielen, Peh Wee Ming, Nur Hafiza Yezid, Fatahul Laham Mohammed, Zainal Abidin Huda, Wan Nasarudin Wan Ismail, W Yus Haniff W Isa, Hashairi Fauzi, Praveena Seeva, Mohd Zulfakar Mazlan
A1 Point-of-care ultrasound examination of cervical spine in emergency departmentYahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati SalmanA2 A new technique in verifying the placement of a nasogastric tube: obtaining the longitudinal view of nasogastric tube in addition to transverse view with ultrasoundYahya Acar, Necati Salman, Onur Tezel, Erdem CevikA3 Pseudoaneurysm of the femoral artery after cannulation of a central venous line. Should we always use ultrasound in these procedures?Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA4 Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular subclavian vein catheterization...
September 2016: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574545/multimodal-brain-monitoring-in-fulminant-hepatic-failure
#10
REVIEW
Fernando Mendes Paschoal, Ricardo Carvalho Nogueira, Karla De Almeida Lins Ronconi, Marcelo de Lima Oliveira, Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira, Edson Bor-Seng-Shu
Acute liver failure, also known as fulminant hepatic failure (FHF), embraces a spectrum of clinical entities characterized by acute liver injury, severe hepatocellular dysfunction, and hepatic encephalopathy. Cerebral edema and intracranial hypertension are common causes of mortality in patients with FHF. The management of patients who present acute liver failure starts with determining the cause and an initial evaluation of prognosis. Regardless of whether or not patients are listed for liver transplantation, they should still be monitored for recovery, death, or transplantation...
August 8, 2016: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27415797/circulating-extracellular-rna-markers-of-liver-regeneration
#11
Irene K Yan, Xue Wang, Yan W Asmann, Hiroaki Haga, Tushar Patel
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although a key determinant of hepatic recovery after injury is active liver regeneration, the ability to detect ongoing regeneration is lacking. The restoration of liver mass after hepatectomy involves systemic changes with coordinated changes in gene expression guiding regenerative responses, activation of progenitor cells, and proliferation of quiescent hepatocytes. We postulated that these responses involve intercellular communication involving extracellular RNA and that these could represent biomarkers of active regenerative responses...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27038354/risk-of-acute-liver-injury-associated-with-use-of-antibiotics-comparative-cohort-and-nested-case-control-studies-using-two-primary-care-databases-in-europe
#12
Ruth Brauer, Ian Douglas, Luis Alberto Garcia Rodriguez, Gerald Downey, Consuelo Huerta, Francisco de Abajo, Andrew Bate, Maurille Feudjo Tepie, Mark C H de Groot, Raymond Schlienger, Robert Reynolds, Liam Smeeth, Olaf Klungel, Ana Ruigómez
PURPOSE: To assess the impact of varying study designs, exposure and outcome definitions on the risk of acute liver injury (ALI) associated with antibiotic use. METHODS: The source population comprised of patients registered in two primary care databases, in the UK and in Spain. We identified a cohort consisting of new users of antibiotics during the study period (2004-2009) and non-users during the study period or in the previous year. Cases with ALI were identified within this cohort and classified as definite or probable, based on recorded medical information...
March 2016: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26977832/diagnosis-and-management-of-nephrotic-syndrome-in-adults
#13
REVIEW
Charles Kodner
Nephrotic syndrome (NS) consists of peripheral edema, heavy proteinuria, and hypoalbuminemia, often with hyperlipidemia. Patients typically present with edema and fatigue, without evidence of heart failure or severe liver disease. The diagnosis of NS is based on typical clinical features with confirmation of heavy proteinuria and hypoalbuminemia. The patient history and selected diagnostic studies rule out important secondary causes, including diabetes mellitus, systemic lupus erythematosus, and medication adverse effects...
March 15, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26940914/non-invasive-monitoring-of-intracranial-pressure-using-transcranial-doppler-ultrasonography-is-it-possible
#14
Danilo Cardim, C Robba, M Bohdanowicz, J Donnelly, B Cabella, X Liu, M Cabeleira, P Smielewski, B Schmidt, M Czosnyka
Although intracranial pressure (ICP) is essential to guide management of patients suffering from acute brain diseases, this signal is often neglected outside the neurocritical care environment. This is mainly attributed to the intrinsic risks of the available invasive techniques, which have prevented ICP monitoring in many conditions affecting the intracranial homeostasis, from mild traumatic brain injury to liver encephalopathy. In such scenario, methods for non-invasive monitoring of ICP (nICP) could improve clinical management of these conditions...
December 2016: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26806317/predicting-which-patients-will-likely-benefit-from-subglottic-secretion-drainage-endotracheal-tubes-a-retrospective-study
#15
Darren P Mareiniss, Tim Xu, Julius Cuong Pham, Yu-Hsiang Hsieh, Jiawei Zhao, Christopher Nguyen, Michael Nguyen, Bradford Winters
BACKGROUND: Subglottic secretion drainage endotracheal tubes (SSD ETTs) have been shown to decrease ventilator-associated pneumonia and are recommended for patients intubated > 48 h or 72 h. However, it is difficult to determine which patients will be intubated > 48 h or 72 h at the time of intubation. OBJECTIVE: We attempted to determine which patient characteristics were associated with intubations ≥ 48 h or 72 h in order to guide proper placement of SSD ETTs...
March 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26484583/the-pharmacokinetics-and-extracorporeal-removal-of-n-acetylcysteine-during-renal-replacement-therapies
#16
Stephanie H Hernandez, Maryann Howland, Thomas D Schiano, Robert S Hoffman
OBJECTIVE: Acetaminophen-induced fulminant hepatic failure is associated with acute kidney injury, metabolic acidosis, and fluid and electrolyte imbalances, requiring treatment with renal replacement therapies. Although antidote, acetylcysteine, is potentially extracted by renal replacement therapies, pharmacokinetic data are lacking to guide potential dosing alterations. We aimed to determine the extracorporeal removal of acetylcysteine by various renal replacement therapies. METHODS: Simultaneous urine, plasma and effluent specimens were serially collected to measure acetylcysteine concentrations in up to three stages: before, during and upon termination of renal replacement therapy...
2015: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26410503/simulation-and-experimental-research-on-micro-channel-for-detecting-cell-status-in-bio-artificial-liver
#17
Changzhe Wu, Yue Cao, Xiaolin Huo, Ming Li
BACKGROUND: Bioartificial liver support system (BALSS) based on culturing hepatocytes is an important research field for the treatment of acute liver failure. It is necessary to monitor the state of liver cell functions during the treatment of BALSS in order to guide clinical treatment. OBJECTIVE: To design a micro-channel chip to achieve flash mixing for timely detection of liver cell status in bioreactors and improving liver cells growth environment to ensure the efficacy of the bio-artificial liver support system...
2015: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26395443/thromboelastometry-guided-hemostatic-therapy-an-efficacious-approach-to-manage-bleeding-risk-in-acute-fatty-liver-of-pregnancy-a-case-report
#18
Tomaz Crochemore, Felipe Maia de Toledo Piza, Eliézer Silva, Thiago Domingos Corrêa
INTRODUCTION: Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) is a rare but life-threatening disease. AFLP is characterized by liver failure with different degrees of coagulopathy. Outcome and survival can be dramatically improved with prompt recognition and treatment. Thromboelastometry has been considered a point of care for the management of bleeding patients. It could, therefore, be an alternative tool to treat the complex cases of AFLP involving liver failure and coagulopathy. Through this study, we present our successful experience of an AFLP case that was submitted to an emergency cesarean section in which blood transfusion was guided by thromboelastometry...
2015: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26357624/micrornas-in-drug-induced-liver-injury
#19
REVIEW
Li-Min Li, Dong Wang, Ke Zen
Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a leading cause of acute liver failure, and a major reason for the recall of marketed drugs. Detection of potential liver injury is a challenge for clinical management and preclinical drug safety studies, as well as a great obstacle to the development of new, effective and safe drugs. Currently, serum levels of alanine and aspartate aminotransferases are the gold standard for evaluating liver injury. However, these levels are assessed by nonspecific, insensitive, and non-predictive tests, and often result in false-positive results...
September 2014: Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26266048/prognosis-of-acute-kidney-injury-and-hepatorenal-syndrome-in-patients-with-cirrhosis-a-prospective-cohort-study
#20
Andrew S Allegretti, Guillermo Ortiz, Julia Wenger, Joseph J Deferio, Joshua Wibecan, Sahir Kalim, Hector Tamez, Raymond T Chung, S Ananth Karumanchi, Ravi I Thadhani
Background/Aims. Acute kidney injury is a common problem for patients with cirrhosis and is associated with poor survival. We aimed to examine the association between type of acute kidney injury and 90-day mortality. Methods. Prospective cohort study at a major US liver transplant center. A nephrologist's review of the urinary sediment was used in conjunction with the 2007 Ascites Club Criteria to stratify acute kidney injury into four groups: prerenal azotemia, hepatorenal syndrome, acute tubular necrosis, or other...
2015: International Journal of Nephrology
keyword
keyword
106849
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"