keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Unexplained nausea

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127997/investigational-drug-therapies-for-the-treatment-of-gastroparesis
#1
Gareth J Sanger, Pankaj Jay Pasricha
Gastroparesis is defined by nausea, vomiting, pain, early satiety and bloating, and characterized by delayed gastric emptying without obvious structural abnormalities. Metoclopramide is widely used, increasing gastric emptying and inhibiting nausea and vomiting. Other drugs are available in certain countries and some are used 'off-label' because they increase gastric emptying or inhibit emesis. However, correlation between gastroparesis symptoms and rates of gastric emptying is poor. For anti-emetic drugs, dose-ranging and Phase III trials in gastroparesis are lacking...
January 27, 2017: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101304/gastric-antral-webs-in-adults-a-case-series-characterizing-their-clinical-presentation-and-management-in-the-modern-endoscopic-era
#2
Shannon J Morales, Neha Nigam, Walid M Chalhoub, Dalia I Abdelaziz, James H Lewis, Stanley B Benjamin
AIM: To investigate the current management of gastric antral webs (GAWs) among adults and identify optimal endoscopic and/or surgical management for these patients. METHODS: We reviewed our endoscopy database seeking to identify patients in whom a GAW was visualized among 24640 esophagogastroduodenoscopies (EGD) over a seven-year period (2006-2013) at a single tertiary care center. The diagnosis of GAW was suspected during EGD if aperture size of the antrum did not vary with peristalsis or if a "double bulb" sign was present on upper gastrointestinal series...
January 16, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941738/pattern-of-changes-in-the-findings-among-the-patients-undergoing-diagnostic-esophagogastroduodenoscopy-in-bangladesh
#3
C K Ghosh, M R Khan, F Alam, B C Shil, M S Kabir, M Mahmuduzzaman, S C Das, P K Roy
This cross-sectional observational study was conducted in the Department of Gastroenterology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Sir Salimullah Medical College and Mitford Hospital, Holy family Red Crescent Medical College and Hospital and Popular Diagnostic Centre, Shantinagar branch, Dhaka, Bangladesh from January 2012 to July 2013. Study subjects were included in the study irrespective of age and sex having different upper GI tract. Complaints like dysphagia, heart burn, abdominal pain/dyspepsia, nausea, vomiting, haematemesis and/or malena, anorexia, unexplained anemia, weight loss etc...
October 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916937/the-emergence-and-epidemiology-of-haff-disease-in-china
#4
REVIEW
Thomas Y K Chan
Haff disease is a rare syndrome of unexplained myalgia and rhabdomyolysis occurring within 24 h of consumption of certain types of cooked freshwater fish or crustacean. It is caused by a yet unidentified heat-stable toxin. In the present review of published case studies and official press releases, the main objective is to report the emergence and epidemiology of Haff disease in China. Haff disease first occurred in Beijing in 2000 and in Lianzhou and Liannan, Guangdong Province in 2009. Subsequent outbreaks mostly occurred in the Jiangsu Province-Nanjing, Yangzhou, Huai'an, and Yancheng...
December 1, 2016: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726068/newest-drugs-for-chronic-unexplained-nausea-and-vomiting
#5
REVIEW
William L Hasler
Chronic unexplained nausea and vomiting (CUNV) refers to a symptom complex defined by nausea and/or vomiting with normal diagnostic testing, including anatomic assessments (including upper endoscopy) and measures of upper gut function (e.g., gastric emptying testing). Nausea and vomiting in this condition are postulated to result from aberrant peripheral or central neurohumoral activity. A substantial subset of patients satisfies this diagnosis as more than half of individuals referred for scintigraphic testing exhibit normal gastric emptying rates...
December 2016: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722801/chronic-unexplained-nausea-and-vomiting-or-gastric-neuromuscular-dysfunction-gnd-an-update-on-nomenclature-pathophysiology-and-treatment-and-relationship-to-gastroparesis
#6
REVIEW
Kimberly N Harer, Pankaj J Pasricha
Chronic unexplained nausea and vomiting is a debilitating condition that dramatically decreases patient quality of life and creates diagnostic and treatment challenges for healthcare providers. Additionally, the significant overlap in symptoms between disorders such as chronic unexplained nausea and vomiting, gastroparesis, and functional dyspepsia has resulted in a blurring of diagnostic lines and added confusion to the therapeutic approach. The identified overlap in clinical symptoms also suggests a common underlying pathophysiological mechanism may drive these conditions, indicating they could possibly be part of a spectrum of gastric neuromuscular disorders instead of discrete processes...
December 2016: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696279/diet-and-complementary-medicine-for-chronic-unexplained-nausea-and-vomiting-and-gastroparesis
#7
REVIEW
Ekta Gupta, Linda A Lee
Chronic nausea and vomiting, whether or not associated with gastroparesis, are among the most difficult symptoms to manage. Patients typically undergo extensive evaluation and empiric treatment often with suboptimal results. Conventional therapies may not produce adequate symptom relief or may cause unacceptable side effects. Thus, it is not surprising that patients report a negative impact on well-being, since the intermittent or constant occurrence of these symptoms are a source of anxiety as they impact social interactions and ability to work...
December 2016: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678506/gastric-electrical-stimulation-for-gastroparesis-and-chronic-unexplained-nausea-and-vomiting
#8
REVIEW
John M Wo, Thomas V Nowak, Shamaila Waseem, Matthew P Ward
Gastroparesis is a heterogeneous clinical syndrome. Some patients have debilitating vomiting, weight loss, and dehydration, while others have effortless regurgitation of undigested foods or postprandial distress suggestive of functional dyspepsia. Gastric electrical stimulation (GES) has been proposed as an effective treatment option for patients with gastroparesis refractory to medical therapy. Evidence suggests that the clinically available device, a low-energy high-frequency GES, activates the vagal afferent pathways to influence the central control mechanisms for nausea and vomiting...
December 2016: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617209/coxsackie-b5-infection-in-an-adult-with-fever-truncal-rash-diarrhea-and-splenomegaly-with-highly-elevated-ferritin-levels
#9
Paul K Valestra, Scarlet Herrarte Fornos, John Gian, Burke A Cunha
Coxsackie viruses are enteroviruses most common in children. Coxsackie B viral infections often present with biphasic fever, headache, pharyngitis, nausea/vomiting, diarrhea and a maculopapular rash that spares the palms and soles. These clinical features may be present in other viral infections. We present a case of a hospitalized adult with rash and fever with highly elevated ferritin levels later found to be due to Coxsackie B5. We believe this is the first case of Coxsackie B infection with otherwise unexplained highly elevated ferritin levels...
2016: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600059/eosinophilic-ascites-a-diagnostic-challenge
#10
Hesham Khalil, Moby Joseph
Eosinophilic ascites is a rare feature of eosinophilic gastroenteritis. We would like to highlight this increasingly recognised diagnosis in a case of unexplained ascites. We present a challenging case of a woman aged 25 years who presented with nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, generalised abdominal pain and swelling 8-week following delivery of her first baby. Her symptoms were primarily aggravated by eating, and she had also noticed postprandial itching and self-limiting generalised rash. She had a strong history of atopy...
September 6, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558216/signs-and-symptoms-associated-with-synthetic-cannabinoid-toxicity-systematic-review
#11
Julie Courts, Virginia Maskill, Andrew Gray, Paul Glue
AIMS: Use of synthetic cannabinoids is associated with significant physical and psychological harms. This research quantified reported toxicities from published reports and assessed the influence of size of the reported study population on rates of symptom reporting. METHODS: Systematic review of published case reports and case series of toxicity associated with use of synthetic cannabinoids. RESULTS: Symptoms associated with synthetic cannabinoid toxicity were reported for 3695 individuals, predominantly young males...
December 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531591/osmotic-and-stimulant-laxatives-for-the-management-of-childhood-constipation
#12
REVIEW
Morris Gordon, John K MacDonald, Claire E Parker, Anthony K Akobeng, Adrian G Thomas
BACKGROUND: Constipation within childhood is an extremely common problem. Despite the widespread use of osmotic and stimulant laxatives by health professionals to manage constipation in children, there has been a long standing paucity of high quality evidence to support this practice. OBJECTIVES: We set out to evaluate the efficacy and safety of osmotic and stimulant laxatives used to treat functional childhood constipation. SEARCH METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and the Cochrane IBD Group Specialized Trials Register from inception to 10 March 2016...
August 17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27353154/-mesenteric-venous-thrombosis-during-pregnancy-a-rare-cause-of-acute-ischaemia-of-the-small-intestine
#13
B M M Reiber, R R Gorter, M Tenhagen, H A Cense, A Demirkiran
BACKGROUND: Acute ischaemia of the small intestine is caused by mesenteric venous thrombosis in 5-15% of patients. The non-specific symptoms frequently lead to a diagnostic delay. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 30-year-old pregnant woman presented at the accident and emergency department with progressive abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. During admission the patient developed signs of peritonitis. Diagnostic laparoscopy revealed a picture of mesenteric venous thrombosis, and we resected 170 cm ischemic small intestine...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27147122/gastroduodenal-disorders
#14
Vincenzo Stanghellini, Francis K L Chan, William L Hasler, Juan R Malagelada, Hidekazu Suzuki, Jan Tack, Nicholas J Talley
Symptoms that can be attributed to the gastroduodenal region represent one of the main subgroups among functional gastrointestinal disorders. A slightly modified classification into the following 4 categories is proposed: (1) functional dyspepsia, characterized by 1 or more of the following: postprandial fullness, early satiation, epigastric pain, and epigastric burning, which are unexplained after a routine clinical evaluation; and includes 2 subcategories: postprandial distress syndrome that is characterized by meal-induced dyspeptic symptoms and epigastric pain syndrome that does not occur exclusively postprandially; the 2 subgroups can overlap; (2) belching disorders, defined as audible escapes of air from the esophagus or the stomach, are classified into 2 subcategories, depending on the origin of the refluxed gas as detected by intraluminal impedance measurement belching: gastric and supragastric belch; (3) nausea and vomiting disorders, which include 3 subcategories: chronic nausea and vomiting syndrome; cyclic vomiting syndrome; and cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome; and (4) rumination syndrome...
May 2016: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27144626/rome-iv-gastroduodenal-disorders
#15
Vincenzo Stanghellini, Nicholas J Talley, Francis Chan, William L Hasler, Juan Malagelada, Hidekazu Suzuki, Jan Tack
Symptoms that can be attributed to the gastroduodenal region represent one of the main subgroups among functional gastrointestinal disorders. A slightly modified classification into four categories is proposed. B1) Functional dyspepsia (FD), characterized by one or more of: postprandial fullness, early satiation, epigastric pain, epigastric burning that are unexplained after a routine clinical evaluation, includes two subcategories: Postprandial Distress Syndrome (PDS) that is characterized by meal-induced dyspeptic symptoms and Epigastric Pain Syndrome (EPS) that does not occur exclusively postprandially...
February 15, 2016: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27033012/transcutaneous-vagus-nerve-stimulation-tvns-for-treatment-of-drug-resistant-epilepsy-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial-cmpse02
#16
S Bauer, H Baier, C Baumgartner, K Bohlmann, S Fauser, W Graf, B Hillenbrand, M Hirsch, C Last, H Lerche, T Mayer, A Schulze-Bonhage, B J Steinhoff, Y Weber, A Hartlep, F Rosenow, H M Hamer
BACKGROUND: Various brain stimulation techniques are in use to treat epilepsy. These methods usually require surgical implantation procedures. Transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation (tVNS) is a non-invasive technique to stimulate the left auricular branch of the vagus nerve at the ear conch. OBJECTIVE: We performed a randomized, double-blind controlled trial (cMPsE02) to assess efficacy and safety of tVNS vs. control stimulation in patients with drug-resistant epilepsy...
May 2016: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26760044/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-primary-adrenal-insufficiency-an-endocrine-society-clinical-practice-guideline
#17
REVIEW
Stefan R Bornstein, Bruno Allolio, Wiebke Arlt, Andreas Barthel, Andrew Don-Wauchope, Gary D Hammer, Eystein S Husebye, Deborah P Merke, M Hassan Murad, Constantine A Stratakis, David J Torpy
OBJECTIVE: This clinical practice guideline addresses the diagnosis and treatment of primary adrenal insufficiency. PARTICIPANTS: The Task Force included a chair, selected by The Clinical Guidelines Subcommittee of the Endocrine Society, eight additional clinicians experienced with the disease, a methodologist, and a medical writer. The co-sponsoring associations (European Society of Endocrinology and the American Association for Clinical Chemistry) had participating members...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26737205/empirical-mode-decomposition-for-slow-wave-extraction-from-electrogastrographical-signals
#18
Barbara Mika, Dariusz Komorowski, Ewaryst Tkacz
The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD) for slow wave extraction from multichannel electrogastrographical signal (EGG) the cutaneous recording of gastric myoelectrical activity. From the pacemaker region of stomach both spontaneous depolarization and repolarization occur generating the myoelectrical waves that are called the gastric pacesetter potentials, or slow waves. The 3 cycles per minute (3pcm) (0.05Hz) slow wave is fundamental electrical phenomenon in stomach responsible for the propagation and maximum frequency of stomach contractions...
2015: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26715131/nephrogenic-syndrome-of-inappropriate-antidiuresis-secondary-to-an-activating-mutation-in-the-arginine-vasopressin-receptor-avpr2
#19
Andrew S Powlson, Benjamin G Challis, David J Halsall, Erik Schoenmakers, Mark Gurnell
CONTEXT: Nephrogenic syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis (NSIAD), resulting from activating mutations in the arginine vasopressin receptor type 2 (AVPR2), is a rare cause of hyponatraemia. However, its true prevalence may be underestimated and it should be considered in the investigation of unexplained hyponatraemia, with implications for management and targeted gene testing. OBJECTIVE: We describe a structured approach to the investigation of hyponatraemia in a young patient, which allowed a diagnosis of NSIAD to be made...
August 2016: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26698264/is-there-a-difference-in-mad-honey-poisoning-between-geriatric-and-non-geriatric-patient-groups
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
S Yaylacı, O Ayyıldız, E Aydın, A Osken, F Karahalil, C Varım, M V Demir, A B Genç, S Sahinkus, Y Can, İ Kocayigit, C Bilir
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the demographic, toxicological characteristics of the mad honey intoxication at ages 65 and above, to analyze the electrocardiographic parameters, and to compare with the mad honey intoxication at ages below 65 years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighty-two patients, who had been treated and followed-up between June 2013 and November 2014 in the Emergency Service of the Findikli State Hospital, Turkey, due to diagnosis of mad honey intoxication, were included in our observational study...
December 2015: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
keyword
keyword
106841
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"