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Toby Rogers

Toby Fountain, Mark Ravinet, Richard Naylor, Klaus Reinhardt, Roger K Butlin
The rapid evolution of insecticide resistance remains one of the biggest challenges in the control of medically and economically important pests. Insects have evolved a diverse range of mechanisms to reduce the efficacy of the commonly used classes of insecticides and finding the genetic basis of resistance is a major aid to management. In a previously unstudied population, we performed an F2 resistance mapping cross for the common bed bug, Cimex lectularius, for which insecticide resistance is increasingly widespread...
October 12, 2016: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Karina Banda-R, Alfonso Delgado-Salinas, Kyle G Dexter, Reynaldo Linares-Palomino, Ary Oliveira-Filho, Darién Prado, Martin Pullan, Catalina Quintana, Ricarda Riina, Gina M Rodríguez M, Julia Weintritt, Pedro Acevedo-Rodríguez, Juan Adarve, Esteban Álvarez, Anairamiz Aranguren B, Julián Camilo Arteaga, Gerardo Aymard, Alejandro Castaño, Natalia Ceballos-Mago, Álvaro Cogollo, Hermes Cuadros, Freddy Delgado, Wilson Devia, Hilda Dueñas, Laurie Fajardo, Ángel Fernández, Miller Ángel Fernández, Janet Franklin, Ethan H Freid, Luciano A Galetti, Reina Gonto, Roy González-M, Roger Graveson, Eileen H Helmer, Álvaro Idárraga, René López, Humfredo Marcano-Vega, Olga G Martínez, Hernán M Maturo, Morag McDonald, Kurt McLaren, Omar Melo, Francisco Mijares, Virginia Mogni, Diego Molina, Natalia Del Pilar Moreno, Jafet M Nassar, Danilo M Neves, Luis J Oakley, Michael Oatham, Alma Rosa Olvera-Luna, Flávia F Pezzini, Orlando Joel Reyes Dominguez, María Elvira Ríos, Orlando Rivera, Nelly Rodríguez, Alicia Rojas, Tiina Särkinen, Roberto Sánchez, Melvin Smith, Carlos Vargas, Boris Villanueva, R Toby Pennington
Seasonally dry tropical forests are distributed across Latin America and the Caribbean and are highly threatened, with less than 10% of their original extent remaining in many countries. Using 835 inventories covering 4660 species of woody plants, we show marked floristic turnover among inventories and regions, which may be higher than in other neotropical biomes, such as savanna. Such high floristic turnover indicates that numerous conservation areas across many countries will be needed to protect the full diversity of tropical dry forests...
September 23, 2016: Science
Ram Haddas, Steven F Sawyer, Phillip S Sizer, Toby Brooks, Ming-Chien Chyu, C Roger James
INTRODUCTION: Recurrent LBP (rLBP) and neuromuscular fatigue are independently thought to increase the risk of lower extremity (LE) injury. Volitional preemptive abdominal contraction (VPAC) is thought to improve lumbar spine and pelvis control in individuals with rLBP. The effects of VPAC on fatigued landing performance in individuals with rLBP are unknown. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of VPAC and LE fatigue on landing performance in a rLBP population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional pretest-posttest cohort control design...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Toby Rogers, Kanishka Ratnayaka, Parag Karmarkar, Adrienne E Campbell-Washburn, William H Schenke, Jonathan R Mazal, Ozgur Kocaturk, Anthony Z Faranesh, Robert J Lederman
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic yield of endomyocardial biopsy is low, particularly in disease that affects the myocardium in a non-uniform distribution. We hypothesized that real-time MRI guidance could improve the yield through targeted biopsy of focal myocardial pathology. METHODS: An animal model of focal myocardial pathology was created by infusing 3mL of fluorescent microspheres (NuFlow Hydrocoat, 15μm diameter, 5 million spheres/mL) followed by 2mL of 100% ethanol to a branch coronary artery...
August 2016: JACC. Basic to Translational Science
Jaffar M Khan, Toby Rogers, William H Schenke, Jonathan R Mazal, Anthony Z Faranesh, Adam B Greenbaum, Vasilis C Babaliaros, Marcus Y Chen, Robert J Lederman
OBJECTIVES: The authors propose a novel transcatheter transection of the anterior mitral leaflet to prevent iatrogenic left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction during transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR). BACKGROUND: LVOT obstruction is a life-threatening complication of TMVR caused by septal displacement of the anterior mitral leaflet. METHODS: In vivo procedures in swine were guided by biplane x-ray fluoroscopy and intracardiac echocardiography...
September 12, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
Arie Steinvil, Toby Rogers, Rebecca Torguson, Ron Waksman
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to describe the discussions and recommendations made during the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Circulatory System Device Panel pre-market approval application for the Absorb Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffold (BVS) System. BACKGROUND: The Absorb BVS System is a first-of-its-kind fully bioresorbable percutaneous coronary intervention technology. The absorb BVS was studied in the ABSORB III (A Clinical Evaluation of Absorb BVS, the Everolimus Eluting Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffold in the Treatment of Subjects with de Novo Native Coronary Artery Lesions) trial, the pivotal U...
September 12, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
Troy L Hooper, C Roger James, Jean-Michel Brismée, Toby J Rogers, Kerry K Gilbert, Kevin L Browne, Phillip S Sizer
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of current LBP (cLBP) and LBP history (hxLBP) on Y-Balance Test (YBT) reach and establish relationships between YBT performance and demographic, behavioral, and disability measures. DESIGN: Cross-sectional comparative study. SETTING: Research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-two participants (24 males, 18 females) aged 18-50 years (30.9 ± 8.2 yr) in three groups: cLBP, hxLBP, and healthy controls...
May 4, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Roger Esteban-Vives, Matthew T Young, Toby Zhu, Justin Beiriger, Chris Pekor, Jenny Ziembicki, Alain Corcos, Peter Rubin, Jörg C Gerlach
Non-cultured, autologous cell-spray grafting is an alternative to mesh grafting for larger partial- and deep partial-thickness burn wounds. The treatment uses a suspension of isolated cells, from a patient's donor site skin tissue, and cell-spray deposition onto the wound that facilitates re-epithelialization. Existing protocols for therapeutic autologous skin cell isolation and cell-spray grafting have defined the donor site area to treatment area ratio of 1:80, substantially exceeding the coverage of conventional mesh grafting...
August 26, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
David V Evans, Toby Keys, Laurel Desnick, C Holly A Andrilla, Danielle Bienz, Roger Rosenblatt
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pharmaceutical marketing techniques are effective in changing the behavior of health care providers in ways that deviate from evidence-based practices. To mitigate the influence of pharmaceutical marketing on learners, academic medical centers (AMCs) have adopted policies to limit student/industry interaction. Many clinical experiences occur outside of the AMC. The purpose of this study was to compare medical students' exposure to pharmaceutical marketing in off-campus rural and urban underserved clinical sites...
July 2016: Family Medicine
Ron Waksman, Toby Rogers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2016: European Heart Journal
Toby Rogers, Arie Steinvil, Rebecca Torguson, Ron Waksman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2016: Circulation
Delaney McGuirt, Jonathan Mazal, Toby Rogers, Anthony Z Faranesh, William Schenke, Annette Stine, Laurie Grant, Robert J Lederman
BACKGROUND: A patient with a history of cancer in remission and congestive heart failure with no acute symptoms presented for a follow-up echocardiogram. The scan revealed a new echodense mass filling his right ventricular apex. An endomyocardial biopsy guided by x-ray fused with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging (XFM) was performed. This case report outlines the steps of XFM image preparation involving MR image acquisition, processing, and coregistration with x-ray fluoroscopy. DISCUSSION: In cases of focal pathology or cardiac masses, endomyocardial biopsy can be challenging because x-ray fluoroscopy guidance offers limited visualization of soft-tissue structures...
July 2016: Radiologic Technology
Ram Haddas, Steven F Sawyer, Phillip S Sizer, Toby Brooks, Ming-Chien Chyu, C Roger James
INTRODUCTION: Recurrent LBP (rLBP) and neuromuscular fatigue are independently thought to increase the risk of lower extremity (LE) injury. Volitional preemptive abdominal contraction (VPAC) is thought to improve lumbar spine and pelvis control in individuals with rLBP. The effects of VPAC on fatigued landing performance in individuals with rLBP are unknown. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of VPAC and LE fatigue on landing performance in a rLBP population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional pretest-posttest cohort control design...
June 27, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Liliana Losada, Cindy L Amundsen, James Ashton-Miller, Toby Chai, Clare Close, Margot Damaser, Michael DiSanto, Roger Dmochowski, Matthew O Fraser, Stephanie J Kielb, George Kuchel, Elizabeth R Mueller, Candace Parker-Autry, Alan J Wolfe, Monica P Mallampalli
Urologic and kidney problems are common in women across their life span and affect their daily life, including physical activity, sexual relations, social life, and future health. Urological health in women is still understudied and the underlying mechanisms of female urological dysfunctions are not fully understood. The Society for Women's Health Research (SWHR(®)) recognized the need to have a roundtable discussion where researchers and clinicians would define the current state of knowledge, gaps, and recommendations for future research directions to transform women's urological health...
June 10, 2016: Journal of Women's Health
Roger E Thomas, Tom Jefferson, Toby J Lasserson
BACKGROUND: A systematic review found that 3% of working adults who had received influenza vaccine and 5% of those who were unvaccinated had laboratory-proven influenza per season; in healthcare workers (HCWs) these percentages were 5% and 8% respectively. Healthcare workers may transmit influenza to patients. OBJECTIVES: To identify all randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and non-RCTs assessing the effects of vaccinating healthcare workers on the incidence of laboratory-proven influenza, pneumonia, death from pneumonia and admission to hospital for respiratory illness in those aged 60 years or older resident in long-term care institutions (LTCIs)...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Toby Rogers, Ron Waksman
Multimodality imaging plays a critical role in planning, performing, and evaluating transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) has been underutilized in this patient population to date, but there is increasing evidence that it can offer equivalent or even superior information to more commonly used imaging modalities, such as echocardiography or computed tomography for specific applications. In addition, CMR can provide incremental information, including advanced tissue characterization with late gadolinium enhancement and T1 mapping...
May 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
Kanishka Ratnayaka, Toby Rogers, William H Schenke, Jonathan R Mazal, Marcus Y Chen, Merdim Sonmez, Michael S Hansen, Ozgur Kocaturk, Anthony Z Faranesh, Robert J Lederman
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that real-time magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) would enable closed-chest percutaneous cavopulmonary anastomosis and shunt by facilitating needle guidance along a curvilinear trajectory, around critical structures, and between a superior vena cava "donor" vessel and a pulmonary artery "target." BACKGROUND: Children with single-ventricle physiology require multiple open heart operations for palliation, including sternotomies and cardiopulmonary bypass...
May 9, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
Toby Rogers, Srijoy Mahapatra, Steven Kim, Michael A Eckhaus, William H Schenke, Jonathan R Mazal, Adrienne Campbell-Washburn, Merdim Sonmez, Anthony Z Faranesh, Kanishka Ratnayaka, Robert J Lederman
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency ablation for ventricular arrhythmias is limited by inability to visualize tissue destruction, by reversible conduction block resulting from edema surrounding lesions, and by insufficient lesion depth. We hypothesized that transcatheter needle injection of caustic agents doped with gadolinium contrast under real-time magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) could achieve deep, targeted, and irreversible myocardial ablation, which would be immediately visible. METHODS AND RESULTS: Under real-time MRI guidance, ethanol or acetic acid was injected into the myocardium of 8 swine using MRI-conspicuous needle catheters...
April 2016: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Valentina O Puntmann, Gerry Carr-White, Andrew Jabbour, Chung-Yao Yu, Rolf Gebker, Sebastian Kelle, Rocio Hinojar, Adelina Doltra, Niharika Varma, Nicholas Child, Toby Rogers, Gonca Suna, Eduardo Arroyo Ucar, Ben Goodman, Sitara Khan, Darius Dabir, Eva Herrmann, Andreas M Zeiher, Eike Nagel
OBJECTIVES: The study sought to examine prognostic relevance of T1 mapping parameters (based on a T1 mapping method) in nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDCM) and compare them with conventional markers of adverse outcome. BACKGROUND: NIDCM is a recognized cause of poor clinical outcome. NIDCM is characterized by intrinsic myocardial remodeling due to complex pathophysiological processes affecting myocardium diffusely. Lack of accurate and noninvasive characterization of diffuse myocardial disease limits recognition of early cardiomyopathy and effective clinical management in NIDCM...
January 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
Michael A Gaglia, Rebecca Torguson, Michael J Lipinski, Jiaxiang Gai, Edward Koifman, Sarkis Kiramijyan, Smita Negi, Toby Rogers, Arie Steinvil, William O Suddath, Lowell F Satler, Augusto D Pichard, Ron Waksman
Although metallic coronary stents significantly reduce angina pectoris compared with optimal medical therapy, angina after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains frequent. We, therefore, sought to compare the incidence of any angina during the 1 year after PCI among the spectrum of commercially available metallic stents. Metallic stent type was classified as bare metal stent, Cypher, Taxus Express, Xience V, Promus Element, and Resolute. The primary end point was patient-reported angina within 1 year of PCI...
February 15, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
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