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Pinitol AND Diabetes

Nuria H González-Mauraza, Antonio J León-González, José L Espartero, Juan B Gallego-Fernández, Marina Sánchez-Hidalgo, Carmen Martin-Cordero
The genus Retama (Fabaceae) is widely distributed in the Mediterranean region. In the present study, pinitol (3-O-methyl-chiro-inositol), an anti-inflammatory and antidiabetic molecule, was isolated from aerial parts of R. monosperma, and its structure established on the basis of spectroscopic techniques (1D/2D NMR) and MS. Identification and quantification of pinitol in R. raetam and R. sphaerocarpa were also performed. R. monosperma had the highest concentration of pinitol (2.3%). The presence of pinitol in aqueous extracts of Retama spp...
March 2016: Natural Product Communications
Chunsriimyatav Ganbaatar, Margit Gruner, Jigjidsuren Tunsag, Dulamjav Batsuren, Batsuren Ganpurev, Lkhamjav Chuluunnyam, Batsuren Sodbayar, Arndt W Schmidt, Hans-Joachim Knölker
We report the first investigation of the chemical constituents of Zygophyllum melongena Bunge, a species growing in Mongolia. The quinovic acid glycosides 3-O-(β-D-glucopyranosyl)quinovic acid and 3-O-(β-D-glucopyranosyl)quinovic acid (28→1)-(β-D-glucopyranosyl) ester were identified in the chloroform fraction along with the flavonoid glycoside astragalin. The n-butanol fraction contained (+)-D-pinitol as the major component, a cyclitol with anti-diabetic properties. The structures of the isolated natural products were confirmed using ESI-MS and NMR spectroscopy ((1)H, (13)C, COSY, HSQC, HMBC, NOESY and ROESY)...
July 2016: Natural Product Research
Prachi Srivastava, Anshul Tiwari
Ocular biology is a prominent area of research and advancement, as eyes are the most precious for us to see this beautiful world. Though we have overcome many ocular problems, but still challenges, no doubt exist in the path of the journey. Many ocular disorders still either have surgery or symptomatic drugs as a treatment. If we could get a better preventive way or single drug with many and more potential effects, will definitely be a boon for our society. Keeping the way we tried to focus on the impending effects of phytochemicals on some important ocular disorders...
2016: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
Prachi Srivastava, Anshul Tiwari, Ashish Chnadra Trivedi, Vikash Thakur, A B Pant, Sandeep Saxena
PURPOSE: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the most common diabetic eye disease and a leading cause of blindness. The role of angiopoietin-2 a tyrosine kinase receptor is well-reported in angiogenesis during the onset of the disease. The purpose of this study is to screen out more potential herbal molecules which can evidently be used as a better, natural and safe herbal drug against this disease. DESIGN: In silico virtual screening and molecular interaction studies were performed...
July 2014: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
Yunfeng Gao, Mengna Zhang, Tianchen Wu, Mengying Xu, Haonan Cai, Zesheng Zhang
D-pinitol, a compound isolated from Pinaceae and Leguminosae plants, has been reported to possess insulin-like properties. Although the hypoglycemic activity of D-pinitol was recognized in recent years, the molecular mechanism of D-pinitol in the treatment of diabetes mellitus remains unclear. In this investigation, a model of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with insulin resistance was established by feeding a high-fat diet (HFD) and injecting streptozocin (STZ) to Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats, targeting the exploration of more details of the mechanism in the therapy of T2DM...
July 8, 2015: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Bo Huang, Zhiqiang Wang, Jong Hyuk Park, Ok Hyun Ryu, Moon Ki Choi, Jae-Yong Lee, Young-Hee Kang, Soon Sung Lim
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Recently, anthocyanins have been reported to have various biological activities. Furthermore, anthocyanin-rich purple corn extract (PCE) ameliorated insulin resistance and reduced diabetes-associated mesanginal fibrosis and inflammation, suggesting that it may have benefits for the prevention of diabetes and diabetes complications. In this study, we determined the anthocyanins and non-anthocyanin component of PCE by HPLC-ESI-MS and investigated its anti-diabetic activity and mechanisms using C57BL/KsJ db/db mice...
February 2015: Nutrition Research and Practice
Un-Hee Kim, Jeong-Hyun Yoon, Hua Li, Ji-Hyun Kang, Hyeon-Seon Ji, Ki Hun Park, Dong-Ha Shin, Ho-Yong Park, Tae-Sook Jeong
In Korea, soy (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) leaves are eaten as a seasonal vegetable or pickled in soy sauce. Ethyl acetate extracts of soy leaves (EASL) are enriched in pterocarpans and have potent α-glucosidase inhibitory activity. This study investigated the molecular mechanisms underlying the anti-diabetic effect of EASL in C57BL/6J mice with high-fat diet (HFD)-induced type 2 diabetes. Mice were randomly divided into normal diet (ND), HFD (60 kcal% fat diet), EASL (HFD with 0.56% (wt/wt) EASL), and Pinitol (HFD with 0...
2014: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Bao-Hong Lee, Chia-Chen Lee, She-Ching Wu
BACKGROUND: Ice plant (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum) has been used as an anti-diabetic agent in Japan because it contains d-pinitol. The efficacy of ice plant in the regulation of blood glucose is unclear at present. Recently, memory impairment and development of Alzheimer's disease found in diabetic patients are thought to be caused by high blood glucose. The mechanism by which ice plant protects against the impairment of memory and learning abilities caused by high blood glucose remains unclear...
August 2014: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
D M González Mosquera, Y Hernandez Ortega, B By, L Vicet Muro, Y Saucedo Hernandez, R Grau Ábalos, W Dehaen, L Pieters, S Apers
In order to investigate the potential use of Boldoa purpurascens against diabetes, the antihyperglycemic effect of an ethanol extract obtained from its leaves was evaluated at doses of 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg in rats after induction of hyperglycemia by alloxan. Insulin 5 IU/kg was used as positive control and NaCl 0.9% as negative control. A similar experiment was performed with the aqueous extract used at doses of 50 and 100 mg/kg using metformin at a dose of 50mg/kg as positive control. Statistical analysis was carried using the Kruskal-Wallis test with an interval of trust of 99%...
May 2013: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Jungeun Yu, Seunga Choi, Eui-Soon Park, Bongjin Shin, Jiyeon Yu, Seoung Hoon Lee, Masamichi Takami, Jong Soon Kang, Hyungun Meong, Jaerang Rho
PURPOSE: Osteoclasts (OCs) are multinucleated giant cells that resorb bone matrix. Accelerated bone destruction by OCs might cause several metabolic bone-related diseases, such as osteoporosis and inflammatory bone loss. D-pinitol (3-O-methyl-D-chiro-inositol) is a prominent component of dietary legumes and is actively converted to D-chiro-inositol, which is a putative insulin-like mediator. In this study, we analyzed the effect of D-chiro-inositol on OC differentiation. METHODS: To analyze the role of D-chiro-inositol on OC differentiation, we examined OC differentiation by the three types of osteoclastogenesis cultures with tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining and solution assay...
December 2012: Journal of Clinical Immunology
Shen-Chieh Chou, Lee-Ming Chuang, Shoei-Sheng Lee
Gynura divaricata Kitam. subsp. formosana is a folk medicine used as a hypoglycemic agent for diabetes patients in Taiwan. Guided by the hexose transport assay, the hypoglycemic constituents of the aerial part of this plant were disclosed through chromatographic methods. They are fructooligosaccharides, including beta-D-fructofuranose, sucrose, 1-kestose, nystose, and 1(F)-beta-fructofuranosylnystose. The hexose transport assay indicated that nystose was the most potent among these compounds, showing a 46.7% difference from pinitol in the stimulation index at a concentration of 0...
February 2012: Natural Product Communications
Hyun Jin Kim, Kang Seo Park, Seong Kyu Lee, Kyung Wan Min, Kyung Ah Han, Young Kun Kim, Bon Jeong Ku
BACKGROUND: Pinitol is thought to mediate insulin action and improve insulin resistance. We evaluated the effects of pinitol on glycemic control, insulin resistance and adipocytokine levels in type 2 diabetic patients. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A total of 66 patients with type 2 diabetes who had been taking oral hypoglycemic agents for at least 3 months were enrolled and randomized to receive pinitol (n = 33) or matching placebo (n = 33). All subjects took 1,200 mg pinitol or placebo and maintained their current oral hypoglycemic agents throughout the study...
2012: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Ji-Young Choi, Su-Kyung Shin, Seon-Min Jeon, Nam-In Baek, Hae-Gon Chung, Tae-Sook Jeong, Kyung Tae Lee, Mi-Kyung Lee, Myung-Sook Choi
Previously we reported that an ethanol extract from Artemisia princeps Pampanini lowered blood glucose in db/db mice. Here we report a preliminary study in which the blood glucose-lowering effects of two different doses of sajabalssuk ethanol extract (SBE), containing eupatilin and jaseocidin, were examined in hyperglycemic subjects with fasting blood glucose (FBG) levels of 100-150 mg/dL. Subjects were randomized into four groups: negative control (2,000 mg of lactose /day), positive control (1,140 mg of pinitol/day), low-dose SBE (2,000 mg of SBE/day), and high-dose SBE (4,000 mg of SBE/day)...
January 2011: Journal of Medicinal Food
Selvaraj Sivakumar, Periyasamy Palsamy, Sorimuthu Pillai Subramanian
Oxidative stress plays a crucial role in the progression and development of diabetes and its complications due to chronic hyperglycemia. The present study was aimed to investigate the kidney tissue protective nature of d-pinitol, a cyclitol present in soybean, by assessing the key markers of hyperglycemia-mediated oxidative stress, proinflammatory cytokines and ultrastructural alterations in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Oral administration of d-pinitol (50mg/kg body weight/day) for 30 days to diabetic group of rats showed a significant elevation in the level of total protein and significant decline in the levels of blood urea, serum uric acid, creatinine and advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) and kidney proinflammatory cytokines such as TNF-alpha, IL-1beta, IL-6, NF-kappaB p65 subunit and nitrite...
October 6, 2010: Chemico-biological Interactions
Nhung Thuy Dang, Rie Mukai, Ken-Ichi Yoshida, Hitoshi Ashida
Diabetes mellitus is a complex disease that is characterized by the defection of insulin sensitivity in such peripheral tissues as skeletal muscle, adipose tissue and liver. We have previously demonstrated that certain inositol derivatives stimulated glucose uptake accompanied by the translocation of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) to the plasma membrane in L6 myotubes. We investigated in this present study whether an oral intake of D-pinitol (PI) and myo-inositol (MI) would affect GLUT4 translocation in the skeletal muscle of mice...
2010: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Selvaraj Sivakumar, Periyasamy Palsamy, Sorimuthu Pillai Subramanian
The present study was aimed to investigate the effect of D-pinitol on hyperglycaemia mediated oxidative stress by analysing the hepatic antioxidant competence, pro-inflammatory cytokines and ultrastructural changes in liver tissues of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Oral administration of D-pinitol (50 mg/kg b.w.) resulted in significant (p < 0.05) attenuation in blood glucose, glycosylated haemoglobin and pro-inflammatory markers such as TNF-alpha, IL-1beta, IL-6, NF-kappaB p65 unit and NO and significant (p < 0...
June 2010: Free Radical Research
Selvaraj Sivakumar, Sorimuthu P Subramanian
During diabetes mellitus, endogenous hepatic glucose production is increased as a result of impaired activities of the key enzymes of carbohydrate metabolism, which leads to the condition known as hyperglycemia. D-pinitol, a bioactive constituent isolated from soybeans, has been shown to reduce hyperglycemia in experimental diabetes. We therefore designed this study to investigate the effect of oral administration of D-pinitol (50 mg/kg b. w. for 30 days) on the activities of key enzymes in carbohydrate and glycogen metabolism in the liver tissues of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats...
September 2009: General Physiology and Biophysics
Selvaraj Sivakumar, Sorimuthu Pillai Subramanian
The present study was aimed to investigate the possible pancreatic tissue protective nature of D-Pinitol, a cyclitol present in soybean, against free radical-mediated oxidative stress in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats by assaying the activity of pancreatic enzymatic antioxidants such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and the levels of plasma non-enzymatic antioxidants such as vitamin E, vitamin C, ceruloplasmin and reduced glutathione (GSH)...
November 10, 2009: European Journal of Pharmacology
B-E van Wyk, C Albrecht
Sutherlandia frutescens (tribe Galegeae, Fabaceae), a popular plant in traditional medicine, is indigenous to South Africa, Lesotho, southern Namibia and southeastern Botswana. It is chemically, genetically and geographically extremely variable and has been divided into three subspecies and several regional forms. A second species, Sutherlandia tomentosa, is localized along the Cape coast. Sutherlandia is sometimes treated as part of the genus Lessertia. There are numerous vernacular names and a wide diversity of uses, including poor appetite, indigestion, stomach complaints, dysentery, colds, influenza, kidney conditions, fever, diabetes, internal cancers, uterine troubles, liver conditions, backache, rheumatoid arthritis, urinary tract infections, stress and anxiety, dropsy and heart failure...
October 28, 2008: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
P K M Anu Geethan, P Stanely Mainzen Prince
D-pinitol (3-O-methyl-chiroinositol), an active principle of the traditional antidiabetic plant, Bougainvillea spectabilis, is claimed to exert insulin-like effects. This study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of D-pinitol on lipids and lipoproteins in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic Wistar rats. Rats were made type II diabetic by single intraperitoneal injection of STZ at a dose of 40 mg/kg body weight. STZ-induced diabetic rats showed significant (p < 0.05) increase in the levels of blood glucose and total cholesterol, triglycerides, free fatty acids, and phospholipids in serum, liver, kidney, heart, and brain...
July 2008: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
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