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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535630/-analysis-of-risk-factors-and-prognosis-for-bleeding-in-very-old-male-patients-with-stage-5-chronic-kidney-disease
#1
X Shen, Q G Ao, Q L Cheng, S Liu, J H Zhao, Q Ma, G Yang, Y Liu
Objective: To analyze the risk factors and prognosis of bleeding in very old male patients with stage 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD). Methods: The clinical data of 143 very old male patients with stage 5 CKD was retrospectively analyzed. According to the occurrence of bleeding, the patients were divided into two groups including the hemorrhage group and the non-hemorrhage group. The history of diseases, renal function, blood cell parameters and coagulation index were compared and analyzed between the two groups...
May 16, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535529/looking-into-the-graft-without-a-biopsy-biomarkers-of-acute-rejection-in-renal-transplantation
#2
Andrea Angeletti, Paolo Cravedi
Immunosuppression in kidney transplantation is still largely driven by center-specific protocols and adjusted according to the presence of graft dysfunction, drug toxicity or infection. Due to the current inability to titrate immunosuppression to the needs of every single patient, this approach is burdened by an increased risk of under or over-immunosuppression. To extend allograft survival, immunosuppression should be decided based on reliable biomarkers capable of quantifying the alloimmune response and/or noninvasively diagnosing acute rejection...
2017: Contributions to Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535204/colocalization-of-receptors-for-shiga-toxins-with-lipid-rafts-in-primary-human-renal-glomerular-endothelial-cells-and-influence-of-d-pdmp-on-synthesis-and-distribution-of-glycosphingolipid-receptors
#3
Nadine Legros, Gottfried Pohlentz, Jana Runde, Stefanie Dusny, Hans-Ulrich Humpf, Helge Karch, Johannes Müthing
Damage of human renal glomerular endothelial cells (HRGECs) of the kidney represents the linchpin in the pathogenesis of the hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) caused by Shiga toxins (Stxs) of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC). We performed a comprehensive structural analysis of the Stx receptor glycosphingolipids (GSLs) globotriaosylceramide (Gb3Cer, Galα4alβ4Glcβ1Cer) and globotetraosylceramide (Gb4Cer, GalNAcβ3Galα4Galβ4Glcβ1Cer) and their distribution in lipid raft analogue detergent-resistant membranes (DRMs) and nonDRMs prepared from primary HRGECs...
May 23, 2017: Glycobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533242/coadministration-of-liposomal-amphotericin-b-and-contrast-medium-does-not-increase-risk-of-kidney-injury
#4
John C O'Horo, Douglas R Osmon, Omar M Abu Saleh, Jasmine R Marcelin, Kamel A Gharaibeh, Abdurrahman M Hamadah, Amelia K Barwise, Bryce M Kayhart, Jennifer S McDonald, Robert J McDonald, Nelson Leung
Intravenous radiographic contrast medium and amphotericin B are commonly required in the care of patients with fungal infections. Both interventions have proposed nephrotoxicity through similar mechanisms. We systematically examined patients who received coadministration of liposomal amphotericin B (AmBisome; GE Healthcare) and intravenous contrast medium within a 24-hour period and compared them with patients who underwent non--contrast medium studies. We found 114 cases and 85 controls in our study period...
May 22, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532708/high-hepatitis-c-viral-load-and-genotype-2-are-strong-predictors-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#5
Tai-Shuan Lai, Mei-Hsuan Lee, Hwai-I Yang, San-Lin You, Sheng-Nan Lu, Li-Yu Wang, Yong Yuan, Gilbert L'Italien, Kuo-Liong Chien, Chien-Jen Chen
Associations between chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and chronic kidney disease (CKD) remain controversial. Here we aimed to clarify the association between HCV viral load, genotype, and CKD in 13,805 participants aged 30-65 years enrolled in the REVEAL-HCV Study, a community-based prospective study conducted in 1991-1992. CKD was defined by consecutive proteinuria or an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) under 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2). Chronic HCV infection was defined by detectable HCV viral load...
May 20, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532688/progress-in-the-contemporary-management-of-hemophilia-the-new-issue-of-patient-aging
#6
REVIEW
Pier Mannuccio Mannucci, Massimo Iacobelli
The management of inherited coagulation disorders such as hemophilia A and B has witnessed dramatic progresses since the last few decades of the last century. Accordingly, persons with hemophilia (PWH) now enjoy a life expectancy at birth not different from that of males in the general population, at least in high income countries. Nowadays, a substantial proportion of PWH are aging, like their peers in the general population. This outstanding progress is accompanied by problems that are in part similar to those of any old person (multiple concomitant diseases and the resulting intake of multiple drugs other than those specific for hemophilia treatment)...
May 20, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532667/evaluation-of-three-recombinant-outer-membrane-proteins-ompa1-tdr-and-tbpa-as-potential-vaccine-antigens-against-virulent-aeromonas-hydrophila-infection-in-channel-catfish-ictalurus-punctatus
#7
Hossam Abdelhamed, Iman Ibrahim, Seong Won Nho, Michelle M Banes, Robert W Wills, Attila Karsi, Mark L Lawrence
A virulent clonal population of Aeromonas hydrophila (VAh) is recognized as the etiological agent in outbreaks of motile aeromonas septicemia (MAS) in catfish aquaculture in the southeastern United States since 2009. Genomic subtraction revealed three outer membrane proteins present in VAh strain ML09-119 but not in low virulence reference A. hydrophila strains: major outer membrane protein OmpA1, TonB-dependent receptor (Tdr), and transferrin-binding protein A (TbpA). Here, the genes encoding ompA1, tdr, and tbpA were cloned from A...
May 19, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532666/transcription-of-immune-related-genes-in-solea-senegalensis-vaccinated-against-photobacterium-damselae-subsp-piscicida-identification-of-surrogates-of-protection
#8
J A Núñez-Díaz, I García de la Banda, C Lobo, M A Moriñigo, M C Balebona
Solea senegalensis is a flatfish with a great potential for aquaculture, but infectious diseases restrict its production, being this fish species highly susceptible to Photobacterium damselae subsp. piscicida (Phdp) infections. A better understanding of the mechanisms related to fish immune response is crucial for the development of effective approaches in disease management. In the present work, transcriptional changes of immune related genes have been evaluated in farmed S. senegalensis specimens vaccinated against Phdp by intraperitoneal injection (IP) and immersion (IM)...
May 19, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532553/the-potential-impact-of-public-health-interventions-in-preventing-kidney-disease
#9
REVIEW
Rohina Joshi, Oommen John, Vivekanand Jha
The years of life lost and years lived with disability resulting from chronic kidney disease (CKD) increased globally by 90% and 49.5%, respectively, between 1990 and 2013. In addition to the traditional factors, infections, low birthweight, environmental factors, and low socioeconomic status contribute to the CKD burden in low- and middle-income countries. System-level challenges such as poor appreciation of the burden, insufficient human resources, high health care costs, poor referral pathways, unreliable health information systems, and inadequate medicine supply pose barriers to CKD control...
May 2017: Seminars in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530212/-measurements-of-vancomycin-concentrations-in-the-blood-a-method-of-personalization-the-antibiotic-therapy-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#10
Joanna Pondel, Piotr Krajewski, Natalia Królikowska, Aleksandra Tobiasz, Hanna Augustyniak-Bartosik, Magdalena Hurkacz
Therapeutic Drug Monitoring is a recognized method of personalizing treatment, having particular application in patients with chronic kidney disease who have frequent infections, requiring administration of vancomycin. International guidelines indicate the need to adjust the dose of the drug to the state of renal function. The recommended therapeutic ranges of minimum and maximum levels should be achieved in order to increase the effectiveness and safety of treatment. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of measuring the concentration of vancomycin in patients with chronic kidney disease due to bacterial infection...
April 21, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528753/healthcare-access-and-quality-index-based-on-mortality-from-causes-amenable-to-personal-health-care-in-195-countries-and-territories-1990-2015-a-novel-analysis-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#11
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: National levels of personal health-care access and quality can be approximated by measuring mortality rates from causes that should not be fatal in the presence of effective medical care (ie, amenable mortality). Previous analyses of mortality amenable to health care only focused on high-income countries and faced several methodological challenges. In the present analysis, we use the highly standardised cause of death and risk factor estimates generated through the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) to improve and expand the quantification of personal health-care access and quality for 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2015...
May 18, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527896/molecular-characterization-and-expression-analyses-of-the-solea-senegalensis-interferon-stimulated-gene-15-isg15-following-nnv-infections
#12
Daniel Álvarez-Torres, Ana María Podadera, M Carmen Alonso, Isabel Bandín, Julia Béjar, Esther García-Rosado
Interferons are essential in fish resistance to viral infections. They induce interferon-stimulated genes, such as isg15. In this study, the Senegalese sole isg15 gene (ssisg15) has been characterized. As other isg15, ssisg15 contains a 402-bp intron sited in the 5'-UTR, and the full length cDNA is 1492-bp, including a 480-bp ORF. The expression analyses revealed basal levels of isg15 transcripts, and a clear induction after poly I:C injection, that reached maximum values in brain, head kidney and gills. The ssisg15 induction patterns were similar in RGNNV- and SJNNV-inoculated fish, whereas the reassortant (RG/SJ) isolate, which has higher replication fitness, triggered delayed but higher transcript levels...
May 17, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527248/-clinical-and-demographic-profile-and-risk-factors-for-clostridium-difficile-infection
#13
Carlos Carvajal, Carlos Pacheco, Fabián Jaimes
INTRODUCTION: Clostridium difficile infection is the leading cause of nosocomial infectious diarrhea. The increasing incidence added to a lower rate of response to the initial treatment and higher rates of relapse has generated a higher burden of the disease. OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical characteristics of hospitalized patients with C. difficile infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We made a nested case-cohort study. We reviewed medical records of the patients with nosocomial diarrhea for whom an assay for toxin A-B of C...
January 24, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527200/contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-ceus-in-renal-imaging-at-an-interdisciplinary-ultrasound-centre-possibilities-of-dynamic-microvascularisation-and-perfusion
#14
Franz Josef Putz, Anna Erlmeier, Isabel Wiesinger, Niklas Verloh, Christian Stroszczynski, Bernhard Banas, Ernst Michael Jung
OBJECTIVE: To identify the indications for CEUS in renal imaging in an interdisciplinary ultrasound department. METHODS: 102 CEUS examinations of the kidney in 82 patients between September 2014 and July 2016 were analysed regarding the indication for ultrasound. CEUS was performed by one experienced sonographer agent after bolus injection of 1.0 up to 2.4 ml sulphur hexafluoride microbubbles using multifrequency probes with Contrast Harmonic imaging. RESULTS: CEUS of the kidney was performed in patients from 20 to 87 years...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526681/adoptive-transfer-of-phosphoantigen-specific-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t-cell-subset-attenuates-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-infection-in-nonhuman-primates
#15
Arwa Qaqish, Dan Huang, Crystal Y Chen, Zhuoran Zhang, Richard Wang, Shengpu Li, Enzhuoa Yang, Yang Lu, Michelle H Larsen, William R Jacobs, Lixia Qian, James Frencher, Ling Shen, Zheng W Chen
The dominant Vγ2Vδ2 T cell subset recognizes phosphoantigen and exists only in humans and nonhuman primates. Despite the discovery of γδ T cells >30 y ago, a proof-of-concept study has not been done to prove the principle that the Vγ2Vδ2 T cell subset is protective against Mycobacterium tuberculosis and other infections. In this study, we used an adoptive cell-transfer strategy to define the protective role of Vγ2Vδ2 T cells in a primate tuberculosis (TB) model. Vγ2Vδ2 T cells for adoptive transfer displayed central/effector memory and mounted effector functions, including the production of anti-M...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526571/the-antiviral-signaling-mediated-by-black-carp-mda5-is-positively-regulated-by-lgp2
#16
Ji Liu, Jun Li, Jun Xiao, Hui Chen, Liang Lu, Xu Wang, Yu Tian, Hao Feng
Melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 (MDA5) belongs to RIG-I like receptor (RLR) family, which detects cytosolic viral RNA component in immune response. In this study, MDA5 orthologue of black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus) has been cloned and characterized. The full-length cDNA of black carp MDA5 (bcMDA5) comprises 3244 nucleotides and the predicted bcMDA5 protein contains 984 amino acids. The constitutive transcription of bcMDA5 was extremely low in all the tested tissues, which included gill, skin, muscle, intestine, kidney, spleen, liver and heart...
May 16, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525997/increased-resistance-of-gram-negative-urinary-pathogens-after-kidney-transplantation
#17
Johannes Korth, Julia Kukalla, Peter-Michael Rath, Sebastian Dolff, Marco Krull, Hana Guberina, Anja Bienholz, Benjamin Wilde, Stefan Becker, Birgit Ross, Olympia Evdoxia Anastasiou, Andreas Kribben, Oliver Witzke
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection is the most common complication after kidney transplantation. It can cause severe sepsis and transplant loss. Emergence of drug resistance among gram-negative urinary pathogens is the current challenge for urinary tract infection treatment after kidney transplantation. METHODS: This study analyzes the antimicrobial susceptibility of gram-negative urinary pathogens after kidney transplantation from 2009 to 2012 at the Transplant Outpatient Clinic of the University Hospital Essen, Germany...
May 19, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525344/morphometric-abnormalities-in-spleen-and-kidney-of-the-progeny-of-mice-fed-american-cranberry-extract-vaccinium-macrocarpon-during-pregnancy-and-lactation
#18
B J Bałan, S Lewicki, A K Siwicki, M Stelmasiak, P Skopiński, E Skopińska-Różewska, A Wasiutyński, R Zdanowski
Cranberries and cranberry-derived diet supplements are often recommended for the treatment of urinary tract infections, also during pregnancy. These products contain strongly anti-angiogenic chemical compounds which could not be indifferent to the developing fetus. In the present work we evaluated the effect of feeding pregnant and lactating mice American cranberry extract (daily dose 0.88 mg) on the morphology and some parameters of spleen and kidney function of their adult progeny. Six weeks after delivery the morphometry of spleen and kidney, cytometric analysis of spleen lymphocytes, evaluation of humoral response to SRBC (Sheep Red Blood Cells), and examination of serum creatinine/urea concentration, were performed in the offspring...
March 28, 2017: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523921/combination-of-h120-and-1-96-avian-infectious-bronchitis-virus-vaccine-strains-protect-chickens-against-challenge-with-is-1494-06-variant-2-like-infectious-bronchitis-virus
#19
M Habibi, V Karimi, A G Langeroudi, S A Ghafouri, M Hashemzadeh, R K Farahani, H Maghsoudloo, H Abdollahi, P Seifouri
Avian infectious bronchitis (IB) is a worldwide chicken disease, caused by avian infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) which infects all commercial poultry lines. The present study was done to evaluate protection caused by two different serotype vaccines (Massachusetts and 793/B) in order to evaluate protection against challenge with IS/1494/06-like virus (variant 2-like virus), which is prevalent in the Middle East. SPF chickens were divided into four groups (n = 20). First and second group as negative control group and non-vaccinated-challenged group received no vaccine...
2017: Acta Virologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523327/complicated-diverticulitis-in-a-de-novo-kidney-transplanted-patient
#20
Liliana Ana TuŢă, Mădălina Boşoteanu, Eugen Dumitru, Mariana Deacu
Diverticular disease is frequent amongst the elderly and immunosuppressed patients. It mainly presents as sigmoid diverticulitis, but severe complications, like bleedings, infections and colon perforation may occur, frequently due to immunosuppressive therapy. Moreover, antibiotherapy and hemostatics may not efficiently control evolution in such cases. Early diagnose and adequate treatment of colonic diverticulosis complicated with lower gastrointestinal bleeding and diverticulitis in immunocompromised patients...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
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