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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671232/fast-crystalline-ice-formation-at-extremely-low-temperature-through-water-neon-matrix-sublimation
#1
Tetsuya Hama, Shinnosuke Ishizuka, Tomoya Yamazaki, Yuki Kimura, Akira Kouchi, Naoki Watanabe, Toshiki Sugimoto, Valerio Pirronello
Crystalline ice formation requires water molecules to be sufficiently mobile to find and settle on the thermodynamically most stable site. Upon cooling, however, diffusion and rearrangement become increasingly kinetically difficult. Water ice grown by the condensation of water vapor in laboratory is thus generally assumed to be in a metastable amorphous form below 100 K. Here, we demonstrate the possibility of crystalline ice formation at extremely low temperature using a water/neon matrix (1/1000, 30 000 monolayers) prepared at 6 K, which is subsequently warmed to 11-12 K...
July 21, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668045/probing-the-global-potential-energy-minimum-of-ch2o-2-thz-absorption-spectrum-of-ch2o-2-in-solid-neon-and-para-hydrogen
#2
J Andersen, A Voute, D Mihrin, J Heimdal, R W Berg, M Torsson, R Wugt Larsen
The true global potential energy minimum configuration of the formaldehyde dimer (CH2O)2, including the presence of a single or a double weak intermolecular CH⋯O hydrogen bond motif, has been a long-standing subject among both experimentalists and theoreticians as two different energy minima conformations of Cs and C2h symmetry have almost identical energies. The present work demonstrates how the class of large-amplitude hydrogen bond vibrational motion probed in the THz region provides excellent direct spectroscopic observables for these weak intermolecular CH⋯O hydrogen bond motifs...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641425/first-infrared-investigations-of-ocs-h2o-ocs-h2o-2-and-ocs-2-h2o-complexes-isolated-in-solid-neon-highlighting-the-presence-of-two-isomers-for-ocs-h2o
#3
P Soulard, B Madebène, B Tremblay
For the first time, complexes involving carbonyl sulfide (OCS) and water molecules are studied by FTIR in solid neon. Many new absorption bands close to the known fundamental modes for the monomers give evidence for at least three (OCS)n-(H2O)m complexes, noted n:m. With the help of theoretical calculations, two isomers of the 1:1 complex are clearly identified. Concentration effects combined with a detailed vibrational analysis allow for the identification of transitions for the 1:1, 1:2, and 2:1 complexes...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620281/inhibition-of-the-mitochondrial-glutamate-carrier-slc25a22-in-astrocytes-leads-to-intracellular-glutamate-accumulation
#4
Emmanuelle Goubert, Yanina Mircheva, Francesco M Lasorsa, Christophe Melon, Emanuela Profilo, Julie Sutera, Hélène Becq, Ferdinando Palmieri, Luigi Palmieri, Laurent Aniksztejn, Florence Molinari
The solute carrier family 25 (SLC25) drives the import of a large diversity of metabolites into mitochondria, a key cellular structure involved in many metabolic functions. Mutations of the mitochondrial glutamate carrier SLC25A22 (also named GC1) have been identified in early epileptic encephalopathy (EEE) and migrating partial seizures in infancy (MPSI) but the pathophysiological mechanism of GC1 deficiency is still unknown, hampered by the absence of an in vivo model. This carrier is mainly expressed in astrocytes and is the principal gate for glutamate entry into mitochondria...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619939/coherent-imaging-of-an-attosecond-electron-wave-packet
#5
D M Villeneuve, Paul Hockett, M J J Vrakking, Hiromichi Niikura
Electrons detached from atoms or molecules by photoionization carry information about the quantum state from which they originate, as well as the continuum states into which they are released. Generally, the photoelectron momentum distribution is composed of a coherent sum of angular momentum components, each with an amplitude and phase. Here we show, by using photoionization of neon, that a train of attosecond pulses synchronized with an infrared laser field can be used to disentangle these angular momentum components...
June 16, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580119/pentavalent-lanthanide-nitride-oxides-npro-and-npro-complexes-with-n%C3%A2-pr-triple-bonds
#6
Shu-Xian Hu, Jiwen Jian, Jing Su, Xuan Wu, Jun Li, Mingfei Zhou
The neutral molecule NPrO and its anion NPrO(-) are produced via co-condensation of laser-ablated praseodymium atoms with nitric oxide in a solid neon matrix. Combined infrared spectroscopy and state-of-the-art quantum chemical calculations confirm that both species are pentavalent praseodymium nitride-oxides with linear structures that contain Pr≡N triple bonds and Pr=O double bonds. Electronic structure studies show that the neutral NPrO molecule features a 4f(0) electron configuration and a Pr(v) oxidation state similar to that of the isoelectronic PrO2(+) ion, while its NPrO(-) anion possesses a 4f(1) electron configuration and a Pr(iv) oxidation state...
May 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527450/on-the-accuracy-of-one-and-two-particle-solvation-entropies
#7
Benedict W J Irwin, David J Huggins
Evaluating solvation entropies directly and combining with direct energy calculations is one way of calculating free energies of solvation and is used by Inhomogeneous Fluid Solvation Theory (IFST). The configurational entropy of a fluid is a function of the interatomic correlations and can thus be expressed in terms of correlation functions. The entropies in this work are directly calculated from a truncated series of integrals over these correlation functions. Many studies truncate all terms higher than the solvent-solute correlations...
May 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527443/competition-between-weak-oh%C3%A2-%C3%AF-and-ch%C3%A2-o-hydrogen-bonds-thz-spectroscopy-of-the-c2h2-h2o-and-c2h4-h2o-complexes
#8
J Andersen, J Heimdal, B Nelander, R Wugt Larsen
THz absorption spectra have been recorded for the weakly bound molecular complexes of H2O with C2H4 and C2H2 embedded in cryogenic neon matrices at 2.8 K. The observation and assignment of a large-amplitude acceptor OH librational mode of the C2H2-H2O complex at 145.5 cm(-1) confirms an intermolecular CH⋯O hydrogen-bonded configuration of C2v symmetry with the H2O subunit acting as the hydrogen bond acceptor. The observation and assignment of two large-amplitude donor OH librational modes of the C2H4-H2O complex at 255...
May 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500952/isolation-and-characterization-of-lymphoid-enhancer-factor-1-positive-deciduous-dental-pulp-stem-like-cells-after-transfection-with-a-piggybac-vector-containing-lef1-promoter-driven-selection-markers
#9
Tomoya Murakami, Issei Saitoh, Masahiro Sato, Emi Inada, Miki Soda, Masataka Oda, Hisanori Domon, Yoko Iwase, Tadashi Sawami, Kazunari Matsueda, Yutaka Terao, Hayato Ohshima, Hirofumi Noguchi, Haruaki Hayasaki
OBJECTIVE: Lymphoid enhancer-binding factor-1 (LEF1) is a 48-kD nuclear protein that is expressed in pre-B and T cells. LEF1 is also an important member of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway that plays important roles in the self-renewal and differentiation of embryonic stem cells. We speculated that LEF1 might function in the stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED). In this study, we attempted to isolate such LEF1-positive cells from human deciduous dental pulp cells (HDDPCs) by genetic engineering technology, using the human LEF1 promoter...
May 7, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493106/human-classifier-observers-can-deduce-task-solely-from-eye-movements
#10
Brett Bahle, Mark Mills, Michael D Dodd
Computer classifiers have been successful at classifying various tasks using eye movement statistics. However, the question of human classification of task from eye movements has rarely been studied. Across two experiments, we examined whether humans could classify task based solely on the eye movements of other individuals. In Experiment 1, human classifiers were shown one of three sets of eye movements: Fixations, which were displayed as blue circles, with larger circles meaning longer fixation durations; Scanpaths, which were displayed as yellow arrows; and Videos, in which a neon green dot moved around the screen...
May 10, 2017: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487005/nitrogen-gas-field-ion-source-gfis-focused-ion-beam-fib-secondary-electron-imaging-a-first-look
#11
Marek E Schmidt, Anto Yasaka, Masashi Akabori, Hiroshi Mizuta
The recent technological advance of the gas field ion source (GFIS) and its successful integration into systems has renewed the interest in the focused ion beam (FIB) technology. Due to the atomically small source size and the use of light ions, the limitations of the liquid metal ion source are solved as device dimensions are pushed further towards the single-digit nanometer size. Helium and neon ions are the most widely used, but a large portfolio of available ion species is desirable, to allow a wide range of applications...
May 10, 2017: Microscopy and Microanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471677/double-and-triple-si-h-m-bridge-bonds-matrix-infrared-spectra-and-theoretical-calculations-for-reaction-products-of-silane-with-ti-zr-and-hf-atoms
#12
Bing Xu, Peipei Shi, Tengfei Huang, Xuefeng Wang, Lester Andrews
Infrared spectra of matrix isolated dibridged Si(μ-H)2MH2 and tribridged Si(μ-H)3MH molecules (M = Zr and Hf) were observed following the laser-ablated metal atom reactions with SiH4 during condensation in excess argon and neon, but only the latter species was observed with titanium. Assignments of the major vibrational modes, which included terminal MH, MH2 and hydrogen bridge Si-H-M stretching modes, were confirmed by the appropriate SiD4 isotopic shifts and density functional vibrational frequency calculations (B3LYP and BPW91)...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384425/ionoregulatory-characteristics-of-non-rio-negro-characiforms-and-cichlids
#13
R J Gonzalez, S L Jones, T V Nguyen
We examined ionoregulatory characteristics of two species of characiform fish and two species of cichlids that are not native to the Rio Negro, an extremely ion-poor, acidic tributary of the Amazon River, in order to gain insight into the origin of the specializations possessed by Rio Negro fish. The two characiform species examined, Congo tetras (Phenacogrammus interruptus) and black neon tetras (Hyphessobrycon herbertaxelrodi), had high-affinity/high-capacity transporters that produce high rates of uptake in dilute water...
May 2017: Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: PBZ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360321/neon-nudges-clusters-toward-bulk-liquid
#14
Jake Yeston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345622/comprehensive-track-structure-based-evaluation-of-dna-damage-by-light-ions-from-radiotherapy-relevant-energies-down-to-stopping
#15
W Friedland, E Schmitt, P Kundrát, M Dingfelder, G Baiocco, S Barbieri, A Ottolenghi
Track structures and resulting DNA damage in human cells have been simulated for hydrogen, helium, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen and neon ions with 0.25-256 MeV/u energy. The needed ion interaction cross sections have been scaled from those of hydrogen; Barkas scaling formula has been refined, extending its applicability down to about 10 keV/u, and validated against established stopping power data. Linear energy transfer (LET) has been scored from energy deposits in a cell nucleus; for very low-energy ions, it has been defined locally within thin slabs...
March 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299778/the-short-lived-neon-damsel-pomacentrus-coelestis-implications-for-population-dynamics
#16
M J Kingsford, M D O'Callaghan, L Liggins, G Gerlach
Daily increments of Pomacentrus coelestis, an abundant and well-studied fish, were validated for the life of the fish and depending on the location, age-maxima were estimated to be 127-160 days on reefs separated by tens to hundreds of kilometres on the Great Barrier Reef. This contrasts with congeners and other damselfishes that live for 5 years or more. Otoliths of P. coelestis were thinner and had different patterns of banding when compared with relatively long-lived congeners. It is suggested that banding patterns in P...
May 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280999/histomorphologic-and-ultrastructural-recovery-of-myopathy-in-rats-treated-with-low-level-laser-therapy
#17
Natalia Servetto, David Cremonezzi, Juan Carlos Simes, Antonio Di Pietro, Vilma R Campana
The purpose of the present work was to study the effect of low-level laser therapy (LLLT): helium-neon (He-Ne) and gallium arsenide (Ga-As) laser on the histomorphology of muscle and mitochondria in experimental myopathy in rats. Thirty Suquía strain female rats were distributed in groups: (A) control (intact), (B) injured, (C) injured and treated with He-Ne laser, (D) injured and treated with Ga-As laser, (E) irradiated with He-Ne laser on the non-injured muscle, and (F) irradiated with Ga-As laser on the non-injured muscle...
March 9, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256134/formation-of-exotic-networks-of-water-clusters-in-helium-droplets-facilitated-by-the-presence-of-neon-atoms
#18
Gary E Douberly, Roger E Miller, Sotiris S Xantheas
Water clusters are formed in helium droplets via the sequential capture of monomers. One or two neon atoms are added to each droplet prior to the addition of water. The infrared spectrum of the droplet ensemble reveals several signatures of polar, water tetramer clusters having dipole moments between 2D and 3D. Comparison with ab initio computations supports the assignment of the cluster networks to noncyclic "3 + 1" clusters, which are ∼5.3 kcal/mol less stable than the global minimum nonpolar cyclic tetramer...
March 8, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249441/communication-neutral-atom-imaging-using-a-pulsed-electromagnetic-lens
#19
Jamie R Gardner, Erik M Anciaux, Mark G Raizen
We report on progress towards a neutral atom imaging device that will be used for chemically sensitive surface microscopy and nanofabrication. Our novel technique for improving refractive power and correcting chromatic aberration in atom lenses is based on a fundamental paradigm shift from continuous-beam focusing to a pulsed, three-dimensional approach. Simulations of this system suggest that it will pave the way toward the long-sought goal of true atom imaging on the nanoscale. Using a prototype lens with a supersonic beam of metastable neon, we have imaged complex patterns with lower distortion and higher resolution than has been shown in any previous experiment...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124404/vacuum-ultraviolet-photon-mediated-production-of-18-f-f2
#20
Anna Krzyczmonik, Thomas Keller, Anna K Kirjavainen, Sarita Forsback, Olof Solin
The chemistry of F2 and its derivatives are amenable to facile aliphatic or aromatic substitution, as well as electrophilic addition. The main limitation in the use of [(18) F]F2 for radiopharmaceutical synthesis is the low specific activity achieved by the traditional methods of production. The highest specific activities, 55 GBq/μmol, for [(18) F]F2 have been achieved so far by using electrical discharge in the post-target production of [(18) F]F2 gas from [(18) F]CH3 F. We demonstrate that [(18) F]F2 is produced by illuminating a gas mixture of neon/F2 /[(18) F]CH3 F with vacuum ultraviolet photons generated by an excimer laser...
April 2017: Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals
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