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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342418/dynamics-of-runoff-and-sediment-trapping-performance-of-vegetative-filter-strips-run-on-experiments-and-modeling
#1
Daili Pan, Xiaodong Gao, Miles Dyck, Yaqian Song, Pute Wu, Xining Zhao
Vegetative filter strips (VFSs) are a labor-saving and cost-effective agricultural best management practice to trap water runoff and sediment from the source areas. They also provide forage and/or fuel and are therefore potentially profitable for land owners. VFSs are however a dynamic system: the runoff delivery ratio (RDR) and sediment delivery ratio (SDR) vary with growth stage and vegetation types. The impacts of vegetation characteristics as well as soil physical properties modified by vegetation growth, on the RDR and SDR of VFS were evaluated by a flume experiment...
March 22, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341068/clinical-characteristics-of-pyogenic-flexor-tenosynovitis-in-pediatric-patients
#2
Christopher M Brusalis, Stephanie Thibaudeau, Robert B Carrigan, Ines C Lin, Benjamin Chang, Apurva S Shah
PURPOSE: To characterize the clinical presentation, common pathogens, antimicrobial susceptibility, and treatment methods associated with pyogenic flexor tenosynovitis (PFT) in pediatric patients. METHODS: Patients who underwent surgical treatment for PFT at a large tertiary-care children's hospital between 2001 and 2015 were identified. Descriptive summary statistics were reported on patient demographics, presenting symptoms and clinical examination features, culture results, treatment strategies, and early complications...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339477/six-degree-of-freedom-knee-joint-kinematics-in-obese-individuals-with-knee-pain-during-gait
#3
Jing-Sheng Li, Tsung-Yuan Tsai, David T Felson, Guoan Li, Cara L Lewis
Knee joint pain is a common symptom in obese individuals and walking is often prescribed as part of management programs. Past studies in obese individuals have focused on standing alignment and kinematics in the sagittal and coronal planes. Investigation of 6 degree-of-freedom (6DOF) knee joint kinematics during standing and gait is important to thoroughly understand knee function in obese individuals with knee pain. This study aimed to investigate the 6DOF knee joint kinematics in standing and during gait in obese patients using a validated fluoroscopic imaging system...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324754/effects-of-sit-to-stand-training-combined-with-transcutaneous-electrical-stimulation-on-spasticity-muscle-strength-and-balance-ability-in-patients-with-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-study
#4
Kyoung-Sim Jung, Tae-Sung In, Hwi-Young Cho
Sit-to-stand is a fundamental movement of human being for performing mobility and independent activity. However, Stroke people symptoms experience difficulty in conducting the sit-to-stand due to paralysis and especially ankle spasticity. Recently, transcutaneouselectrical- stimulation (TENS) is used to reduce pain but also to manage spasticity. The purpose of this study was to determine (1) whether TENS would lead to ankle spasticity reduction and (2) whether sit-to-stand training combined with TENS would improve spasticity, muscle strength and balance ability in stroke patients...
March 10, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320362/early-dynamic-ultrasound-for-neonatal-hip-instability-implications-for-rural-australia
#5
Susan L Charlton, Adrian Schoo, Lucie Walters
BACKGROUND: Neonatal instability of the hip (NIH), where the femoral head can move away from the acetabulum, in the first weeks of life, is an important risk factor for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). In rural areas in Australia, there is a recent trend to increased late diagnosis of DDH. Clinical screening of infant hips, a common practice in Australia, is experience dependent. Best practice early screening techniques are still debated with different techniques and timing used internationally...
March 21, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319489/autogenic-drainage-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis
#6
Lieselotte Corten, Brenda M Morrow
PURPOSE: Airway clearance is an essential part of the management of cystic fibrosis (CF) as it facilitates clearance of viscous pulmonary secretions. This review aimed to determine the effect of autogenic drainage (AD) and assisted autogenic drainage (AAD) compared with no, sham, or other types of airway clearance in children with CF. SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS: Two pediatric randomized cross-over trials were identified on the use of AD in children with CF; no studies were available on the use of AAD...
March 17, 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316589/a-postural-tremor-highly-responsive-to-transcranial-cerebello-cerebral-dcs-in-arca3
#7
Florian Bodranghien, Nordeyn Oulad Ben Taib, Lionel Van Maldergem, Mario Manto
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cerebellar ataxias are disabling disorders that impact the quality of life of patients. In many cases, an effective treatment is missing. Despite the increasing knowledge on the pathogenesis of cerebellar disorders including genetic aspects, there is currently a gap in the therapeutical management of cerebellar deficits. Cerebellar ataxia associated with ANO10 mutation (ARCA3) presents a disabling cerebellar syndrome. The aim of this study is to report a patient with a marked postural tremor responding to transcranial cerebello-cerebral direct current stimulation (tCCDCS)...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301824/using-a-dual-task-protocol-to-investigate-motor-and-cognitive-performance-in-healthy-children-and-youth
#8
Tracy L Fabri, Katherine E Wilson, Nicole Holland, Andrea Hickling, James Murphy, Philippe Fait, Nick Reed
OBJECTIVES: Mild traumatic brain injury (or concussion) is a prevalent yet understudied health concern in children and youth. This injury can cause dysfunction in both motor and cognitive domains; however, most literature focuses on single-task neuropsychological tests which only assess cognition. Although dual-task research on concussed children and youth is needed as many daily activities require both motor and cognitive domains, we must first investigate whether performing simultaneous motor and cognitive tasks of varied complexity impact these domains in healthy children and youth...
March 6, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284237/interpreting-pain-symptoms-and-how-pain-affects-neuromuscular-control-in-dancersif-i-m-in-pain-how-should-i-train
#9
Andrew P Claus, David A Macdonald
This review draws from leading research on pain neuroscience and control of posture and movement to help inform rehabilitation approaches and when it may or may not be prudent to "dance through" pain. Control of posture and movement is frequently distorted by pain perception, and that may not be altered even when the pain is resolved. It is important to exclude serious systemic disease or major tissue injury with severe, unremitting, or persistent symptoms before focusing on movement-based rehabilitation. Both specific exercises (contraction of specific muscles and use of movement techniques) and general exercises (which promote strength, power, endurance, and flexibility) can help to manage individuals with persistent pain problems...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280654/prevalence-and-perceptions-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-hospital-nurses-in-pakistan-a-cross-sectional-survey
#10
Farooq A Rathore, Rayan Attique, Yumna Asmaa
INTRODUCTION: Nursing is a professionally demanding job, and nurses are prone to develop musculoskeletal disorders. However, no data is available regarding its prevalence among Pakistani nurses. This study was conducted to document the pattern of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMDs) in Pakistani nurses and their perceptions about contributing factors and management of WRMDs. METHODS: A questionnaire-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted in six hospitals in Lahore and Rawalpindi, which were selected using a convenient sampling technique...
January 26, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280382/retention-of-finger-blood-flow-against-postural-change-as-an-indicator-of-successful-sympathetic-block-in-the-upper-limb
#11
Toshihiko Nakatani, Tatsuya Hashimoto, Ichiro Sutou, Yoji Saito
BACKGROUND: Sympathetic block in the upper limb has diagnostic, therapeutic and prognostic utility for disorders in the upper extremity that are associated with sympathetic disturbances. Increased skin temperature and decreased sweating are used to identify the adequacy of sympathetic block in the upper limb after stellate ganglion block (SGB). Baroreflexes elicited by postural change induce a reduction in peripheral blood flow by causing sympathetic vasoconstriction. We hypothesized that sympathetic block in the upper limb reduces the decrease in finger blood flow caused by baroreflexes stimulated by postural change from the supine to long sitting position...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268276/preliminary-results-of-residual-deficits-observed-in-athletes-with-concussion-history-combined-eeg-and-cognitive-study
#12
Tamanna T K Munia, Jeffrey L Gendreau, Ajay K Verma, Benjamin D Johnson, Mark Romanick, Kouhyar Tavakolian, Reza Fazel-Rezai
Assessment, treatment, and management of sport-related concussions are a widely recognized public health issue. Although several neuropsychological and motor assessment tools have been developed and implemented for sports teams at various levels and ages, the sensitivity of these tests has yet to be validated with more objective measures to make return-to-play (RTP) decisions more confidently. The present study sought to analyze the residual effect of concussions on a sample of adolescent athletes who sustained one or more previous concussions compared to those who had no concussion history...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262963/gender-differences-in-occupations-and-complaints-of-musculoskeletal-symptoms-representative-sample-of-south-korean-workers
#13
Jungsun Park, Bo-Young Han, Yangho Kim
INTRODUCTION: The present study examines gender differences in occupations, occupational hazards, and musculoskeletal symptoms in Korean workers. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of data from the fourth Korean Working Conditions Survey (KWCS). RESULTS: Relative to "managers," men who were "craft and related trades workers," "equipment, machine operating and assembling workers," and in "elementary occupations" were more likely to report back pain (ORs: 2...
March 6, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253410/activity-monitoring-and-heart-rate-variability-as-indicators-of-fall-risk-proof-of-concept-for-application-of-wearable-sensors-in-the-acute-care-setting
#14
Javad Razjouyan, Gurtej Singh Grewal, Cindy Rishel, Sairam Parthasarathy, Jane Mohler, Bijan Najafi
Growing concern for falls in acute care settings could be addressed with objective evaluation of fall risk. The current proof-of-concept study evaluated the feasibility of using a chest-worn sensor during hospitalization to determine fall risk. Physical activity and heart rate variability (HRV) of 31 volunteers admitted to a 29-bed adult inpatient unit were recorded using a single chest-worn sensor. Sensor data during the first 24-hour recording were analyzed. Participants were stratified using the Hendrich II fall risk assessment into high and low fall risk groups...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252587/-the-peculiar-features-of-the-psychosomatic-status-in-the-patients-presenting-with-the-spondylogenic-and-cochleovestibular-disorders
#15
S V Morozova, L E Shempeleva
The objective of the present study was to elucidate the peculiar features of the psychosomatic status in the patients with chronic vertebrogenic and cochleovestibular disorders The psychosomatic status was evaluated in 117 patients at the age from 21 to 65 years presenting with these conditions using the psychometric tests based on the STAI questionnaire (the state-trait anxiety inventory) adapted for the determination of the level of reactive and personal anxiety. It was shown that the vestibular disorders, tympanophonia, and hearing impairment have a negative influence on the psychogenic status of the patients suffering from cochleovestibulopathy...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248609/clinical-practice-guideline-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-update
#16
Neil Bhattacharyya, Samuel P Gubbels, Seth R Schwartz, Jonathan A Edlow, Hussam El-Kashlan, Terry Fife, Janene M Holmberg, Kathryn Mahoney, Deena B Hollingsworth, Richard Roberts, Michael D Seidman, Robert W Prasaad Steiner, Betty Tsai Do, Courtney C J Voelker, Richard W Waguespack, Maureen D Corrigan
Objective This update of a 2008 guideline from the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation provides evidence-based recommendations to benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), defined as a disorder of the inner ear characterized by repeated episodes of positional vertigo. Changes from the prior guideline include a consumer advocate added to the update group; new evidence from 2 clinical practice guidelines, 20 systematic reviews, and 27 randomized controlled trials; enhanced emphasis on patient education and shared decision making; a new algorithm to clarify action statement relationships; and new and expanded recommendations for the diagnosis and management of BPPV...
March 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245746/cervical-traction-for-managing-neck-pain-a-survey-of-physical-therapists-in-the-united-states
#17
Timothy J Madson, John H Hollman
Study Design Cross-sectional survey. Objective To examine the use of traction by physical therapists for patients with neck pain, including how and when traction is used, the delivery modes and parameters, supplemental interventions, and influence of professional demographics on usage. Background Systematic reviews provide little support for traction in managing neck pain. While traction usage among physical therapists in other countries has been described, usage in the United States has not been examined. Methods A random sample of 4000 Orthopaedic Section members of the American Physical Therapy Association were surveyed...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243423/evaluation-of-the-role-of-displacement-surgery-in-the-management-of-congenital-nystagmus
#18
Faried Mohammed Wagdy, Mohammed Eid Ismael, Abd Elrahman Elsebaey Sarhan
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of displacement surgery in damping of ocular oscillation and management of compensatory head posture in patients of congenital nystagmus. METHODS: This study was carried out in 2014. The participants were 50 patients with congenital nystagmus that dampens in a certain direction of gaze with or without abnormal head posture and with or without strabismus. Patients underwent the augmented modified Kestenbaum (augmented parks) procedure...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228797/femoral-neck-s-fracture-in-fahr-s-syndrome-case-report
#19
Marcello Sallì, Antonio D'Arienzo, Mariella Bonanno, Salvatore Morello, Antonino Sanfilippo, Giulia Letizia Mauro, Michele D'Arienzo
Fahr's syndrome, also known as "Bilateral Striopallidodentate Calcinosis" (BSPDC) primitive, is a rare neurological disease characterized by the presence of idiopathic, bilateral, symmetrical and abnormal deposition of calcium in areas of the brain that control movements including the basal ganglia, dentate nuclei of the cerebellum, nuclei of thalamus and semi-oval center. We describe a case of a 76-year-old male patient underwent reduction and fixation of a subtrochanteric fracture with intramedullary nail...
September 2016: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226433/preliminary-results-of-residual-deficits-observed-in-athletes-with-concussion-history-combined-eeg-and-cognitive-study
#20
Tamanna T K Munia, Jeffrey L Gendreau, Ajay K Verma, Benjamin D Johnson, Mark Romanick, Kouhyar Tavakolian, Reza Fazel-Rezai, Tamanna T K Munia, Jeffrey L Gendreau, Ajay K Verma, Benjamin D Johnson, Mark Romanick, Kouhyar Tavakolian, Reza Fazel-Rezai, Reza Fazel-Rezai, Jeffrey L Gendreau, Benjamin D Johnson, Tamanna T K Munia, Ajay K Verma, Kouhyar Tavakolian, Mark Romanick
Assessment, treatment, and management of sport-related concussions are a widely recognized public health issue. Although several neuropsychological and motor assessment tools have been developed and implemented for sports teams at various levels and ages, the sensitivity of these tests has yet to be validated with more objective measures to make return-to-play (RTP) decisions more confidently. The present study sought to analyze the residual effect of concussions on a sample of adolescent athletes who sustained one or more previous concussions compared to those who had no concussion history...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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