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Postural management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913743/somatocognitive-therapy-in-the-management-of-chronic-gynaecological-pain-a-review-of-the-historical-background-and-results-of-a-current-approach
#1
Gro Killi Haugstad, Unni Kirste, Siv Leganger, Elin Haakonsen, Tor S Haugstad
Historic background and development of our somatocognitive approach Mensendieck physiotherapy of the Oslo School is a tradition of physiotherapy founded by the American physician Bess Mensendieck, a contemporary and fellow student of Sigmund Freud at the Paris School of Neurology. It builds on the principles of functional anatomy and the theories of motor learning. We have further developed the theory and practice from this physiotherapy tradition, challenged by the enormous load of patients with longstanding, incapacitating pain on western health care systems, by seeking to incorporate inspirational ideas from body oriented dynamic psychotherapy and cognitive psychotherapy...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905641/surgical-treatment-of-diplopia-in-graves-orbitopathy-patients
#2
Anja Eckstein, Joachim Esser, Michael Oeverhaus, Peerooz Saeed, Hinke Marijke Jellema
PURPOSE: To review the authors' current understanding of motility dysfunction in patients with thyroid eye disease and to summarize appropriate evaluation and available management options. METHODS: Data were retrieved from a systematic search of the literature. RESULTS: Diplopia is one of the most disabling symptoms for Graves orbitopathy patients. It occurs in moderate-to-severe Graves orbitopathy stages and does not respond well to available anti-inflammatory treatment...
June 13, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903584/a-detailed-clinical-study-of-pain-in-1957-participants-with-early-moderate-parkinson-s-disease
#3
Monty A Silverdale, Christopher Kobylecki, Lewis Kass-Iliyya, Pablo Martinez-Martin, Michael Lawton, Sarah Cotterill, K Ray Chaudhuri, Huw Morris, Fahd Baig, Nigel Williams, Leon Hubbard, Michele T Hu, Donald G Grosset
INTRODUCTION: The causes of pain in early/moderate Parkinson's disease (PD) are not well understood. Although peripheral factors such as rigidity, reduced joint movements and poor posture may contribute towards the development of pain, central mechanisms including altered nociceptive processing may also be involved. METHODS: We performed a large clinical study to investigate potential factors contributing towards pain in early/moderate PD. We recruited 1957 PD participants who had detailed assessments of pain, motor and non-motor symptoms...
June 6, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896048/investigation-of-the-feasibility-of-an-intervention-to-manage-fall-risk-in-wheeled-mobility-device-users-with-multiple-sclerosis
#4
Laura A Rice, Zadok Isaacs, Cherita Ousley, Jacob Sosnoff
Background: Falls are a common concern for wheeled mobility device users with multiple sclerosis (MS); however, no evidence-based fall prevention programs have been developed to meet the specific needs of the population. We examine the preliminary feasibility of a fall management intervention in wheeled mobility device users with MS. Methods: Study participants were exposed to an intervention program targeting risk factors for falls, including transfer skills and seated postural control...
May 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889060/effects-of-biofeedback-postural-training-on-pre-existing-low-back-pain-in-static-posture-workers
#5
Sehun Park, Tona Hetzler, Dave Hammons, Gary Ward
BACKGROUND: Many studies report a relationship between poor static posture (SP) and low back pain (LBP). This study examined the effects of a biofeedback postural training program on pre-existing LBP, changes to level of physical activity and workability in participants. OBJECTIVE: To determine if static posture training with biofeedback alleviates LBP. METHODS: The control group wore a pedometer to track level of physical activity and the experimental group wore the postural training device, Lumo Lift, for three weeks...
May 27, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883227/awareness-and-current-knowledge-of-parkinson-disease-a-neurodegenerative-disorder
#6
Asmat Ullah Khan, Muhammad Akram, Muhammad Daniyal, Rida Zainab
CONTEXT: Parkinson's disease is the second common progressive neurodegenerative disease, distressing older men and is prevalent Worldwide. OBJECTIVES: This paper is aimed to review the epidemiology, etiology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestation, diagnosis and management of Parkinson disease. METHODS: A google search was performed to recognize studies that review the characteristics of Parkinson disease. Search terms included " Parkinson's disease", " epidemiology", " etiology", " pathogenesis", " clinical manifestations", " diagnosis" and " management of Parkinson disease"...
June 8, 2018: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864102/comparison-of-uninjured-and-concussed-adolecent-athletes-on-the-concussion-balance-test-cobalt
#7
Shelly Massingale, Amy Alexander, Steven Erickson, Elizabeth McQueary, Richard Gerkin, Haroon Kisana, Briana Silvestri, Sarah Schodrof, Bryce Nalepa, Jamie Pardini
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Dizziness and balance problems are common symptoms following sports-related concussion (SRC). Most sports require high-level balance skills that integrate the sensory inputs used for balance. Thus, a comprehensive assessment of postural control following SRC is recommended as an integral part of evaluation and management of the injury. The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine performance differences between uninjured and concussed athletes on the Concussion Balance Test (COBALT), as well as complete preliminary analyses of criterion-related validity and reliability of COBALT...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864098/activity-and-exercise-intolerance-after-concussion-identification-and-management-of-postural-orthostatic-tachycardia-syndrome
#8
Nicole A Miranda, Jeffrey R Boris, Kristen M Kouvel, Lauren Stiles
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is increasingly recognized as a complication affecting recovery from concussion. Individuals with POTS demonstrate refractory dizziness, lightheadedness, cognitive dysfunction, fatigue, headache, chronic pain, nausea and gastrointestinal dysmotility, activity and exercise intolerance, syncope, and tachycardia. Subtypes of POTS may include hypovolemia, hyperadrenergic states, autonomic neuropathy, and underlying autoimmunity, which may variably impact response to rehabilitation in varying ways...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861262/effects-of-movement-impairment-based-treatment-in-the-management-of-mechanical-neck-pain
#9
T M Ashwini, H Karvannan, V Prem
BACKGROUND: Neck pain is a common musculoskeletal complaint in computer users due to prolonged static or awkward work postures. It has been shown that pathogenesis of neck pain is associated with scapular movement impairment syndromes. However, there is a dearth of literature in treatment based on these syndromes. AIM: To identify the effects of movement impairment-based treatment in the management of mechanical neck pain, in computer users. METHODS: In the present study, twenty-seven subjects were recruited...
April 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846955/orthopedic-orthodontic-treatment-of-the-patient-with-turner-s-syndrome-review-of-the-literature-and-case-report
#10
Angela Pia Cazzolla, Lorenzo Lo Muzio, Olga Di Fede, Vitantonio Lacarbonara, Andrea Colaprico, Nunzio F Testa, Troiano Giuseppe, Khrystyna Zhurakivska, Giuseppe Marzo, Maria Grazia Lacaita
AIMS: Turner syndrome (TS) patients have phenotypical variable presentations and they are more susceptible to endocrine, auto-immune, and structural anomalies. Typical clinical characteristics are short stature and premature ovarian insufficiency. Patients with TS show a typical cranial-facial morphology with bi-maxillary bi-retrusion, high-arched palate, micrognathia, and class II malocclusion. Aim of our study is to present the orthopedic-orthodontic treatment approach of a young TS patient and data of stability after 7 years...
May 30, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803531/vertigo-and-dizziness-understanding-and-managing-fall-risk
#11
REVIEW
Jennifer C Alyono
Vertigo and dizziness are common conditions among older adults. They are closely associated with fall risk and portend major implications for geriatric injury and disability. Management can be particularly challenging, because symptoms are often nonspecific and may reflect multiple etiologies. Chronic dizziness can reflect dysfunction in the vestibular, somatosensory, or visual systems or in their central integration. Systemic processes, such as postural hypotension, arrhythmias, heart failure, medication use, and lower extremity weakness or frailty, also contribute...
May 24, 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29798392/-preoperative-airway-management-and-perioperative-period-asphyxia-prevention-in-patients-with-tumors-invasion-in-the-cervical-tracheal
#12
Q Cai, Y H Liu, K L Wu, J Wu, Y Zhao, C Y Yao
Objective: To investigate the effect of preoperative airway treatment and postoperative asphyxiation preventive measures in patients with tumors invasion in the cervical tracheal. Method: The clinical date of 35 patients with different degree of tumors invasion in the cervical tracheal were analyzed retrospectively. Anesthesia including normal endotracheal intubation anesthesia, awake intubation anesthesia with visual laryngoscope assisted after topical anesthesia, intubation anesthesia with preoperative tracheotomy, intubation anesthesia after transection of trachea and anesthesia with extracoporeal circulation was selected according to the patient's situation such as whether exist forced position, or the extent of dyspnea, or the range of recurrent tumor...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794620/cleveland-clinic-postural-stability-index-norms-for-the-balance-error-scoring-system
#13
Susan M Linder, Sarah J Ozinga, Mandy Miller Koop, Tanujit Dey, Richard Figler, Jason Cruickshank, Jay L Alberts
INTRODUCTION: Despite the widespread utilization of the Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) in the evaluation of concussion, it has been criticized for its error-based scoring that is susceptible to floor and ceiling effects and substantial inter-rater variability. A biomechanical outcome, Cleveland Clinic-Postural Stability Index (CC-PSI), has been developed as an alternative to subjective BESS scoring. The CC-PSI utilizes inertial sensor data within a mobile device to provide an objective measure of postural sway during the BESS...
May 3, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785679/drooling-in-parkinson-s-disease-evidence-of-a-role-for-divided-attention
#14
Hannah Reynolds, Nick Miller, Richard Walker
Drooling is a frequently reported symptom in Parkinson's Disease (PD) with significant psychosocial impact and negative health consequences including silent aspiration of saliva with the associated risk of respiratory infections. It is suggested that in PD drooling is associated with inefficient oropharyngeal swallowing which reduces the effective clearance of saliva rather than hyper-salivation. This is compounded by unintended mouth opening and flexed posture increasing anterior loss of saliva. It is reported to occur most frequently during cognitively distracting concurrent tasks suggesting an impact from divided attention in a dual-task situation...
May 21, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784553/postural-orthostatic-tachycardia-syndrome-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Kate Morgan, Catherine Chojenta, Meredith Tavener, Angela Smith, Deb Loxton
PURPOSE: Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome is most commonly seen in women of child bearing age, however little is known about its effects in pregnancy. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted in March 2015 and updated in February 2018. Medline, Embase, PsychInfo, CINHAL, and the Cochrane Library were searched from database inception. The ClinicalTrials.gov site and bibliographies were searched. MeSH and Emtree headings and keywords included; Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome, Postural Tachycardia Syndrome, and were combined with pregnancy and pregnancy related subject headings and keywords...
May 9, 2018: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781783/clinical-and-radiological-outcome-of-non-surgical-management-of-thoracic-and-lumbar-spinal-fracture-dislocations-a-historical-analysis-in-the-era-of-modern-spinal-surgery
#16
Andrei Fernandes Joaquim, Gregory D Schroeder, Alpesh A Patel, Alexander R Vaccaro
CONTEXT: It is well established that traumatic spinal dislocations (AO Type C injuries) should be surgically treated. However, no recent comparative study of surgical versus non-surgical management of type C injuries was found attesting the superiority of surgical treatment. OBJECTIVE: Due to the lack of information about the natural history of non-surgical management of type C injuries, we evaluated the outcome of historical conservative treatment of type C injuries...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778304/postural-orthostatic-tachycardia-syndrome-in-children-and-adolescents
#17
REVIEW
Jeffrey R Boris
Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) affects up to 3,000,000 people in the United States, with at least one-third of them developing POTS before the age of 18. POTS as a disorder is similar in adult and pediatric populations, but there are factors specific to pediatric patients that affect how it presents and how it is experienced that make pediatric POTS different. This review discusses the both the similarities in this population to their adult counterparts and the unique challenges faced by pediatric POTS patients, including management of schooling and education as well as the complex interactions between these pediatric patients and their parents...
May 12, 2018: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774765/-staying-safe-a-narrative-review-of-falls-prevention-in-people-with-parkinson-s-pdsafe
#18
Sophia Hulbert, Lynn Rochester, Alice Nieuwboer, Vicki Goodwin, Carolyn Fitton, Kim Chivers-Seymour, Ann Ashburn
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease demonstrates a spectrum of motor and non-motor symptoms. Falling is common and disabling. Current medical management shows minimal impact to reduce falls or fall-related risk factors, such as deficits in gait, strength, and postural instability. Despite evidence supporting rehabilitation in reducing fall risk factors, the most appropriate intervention to reduce overall fall rate remains inconclusive. This article aims to 1) synthesise current evidence and conceptual models of falls rehabilitation in Parkinson's in a narrative review; and based on this evidence, 2) introduce the treatment protocol used in the falls prevention and multi-centre clinical trial "PDSAFE"...
May 18, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765313/can-tai-chi-and-qigong-postures-shape-our-mood-toward-an-embodied-cognition-framework-for-mind-body-research
#19
Kamila Osypiuk, Evan Thompson, Peter M Wayne
Dynamic and static body postures are a defining characteristic of mind-body practices such as Tai Chi and Qigong (TCQ). A growing body of evidence supports the hypothesis that TCQ may be beneficial for psychological health, including management and prevention of depression and anxiety. Although a variety of causal factors have been identified as potential mediators of such health benefits, physical posture, despite its visible prominence, has been largely overlooked. We hypothesize that body posture while standing and/or moving may be a key therapeutic element mediating the influence of TCQ on psychological health...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757061/exercise-induced-laryngeal-obstruction-in-athletes-contributory-factors-and-treatment-implications
#20
Liv-Jorunn Kolnes, Trine Stensrud
Otherwise healthy adolescent athletes presenting with respiratory symptoms consistent with exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO) are frequently encountered in clinical practice. The symptoms are often incorrectly considered to result from exercise-induced asthma, and may be wrongly treated as such. Given the potential implications for health and performance if EILO is left untreated, a more comprehensive understanding of contributory mechanisms is essential in order to create appropriate treatment procedures...
May 14, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
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