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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451061/neck-tongue-syndrome-an-underrecognized-childhood-onset-cephalalgia
#1
Nicholas M Allen, Hormos S Dafsari, Elizabeth Wraige, Heinz Jungbluth
Neck-tongue syndrome is a rarely reported headache disorder characterized by occipital and/or upper neck pain triggered by sudden rotatory head movement and accompanied by abnormal sensation and/or posture of the ipsilateral tongue. Although onset is thought to be in childhood, most of the limited number of cases reported so far were adults. Here the authors describe 3 cases, 2 girls and 1 boy, with neck-tongue syndrome. In each child additional headache symptoms occurred, headache improved over time in all, spontaneously in 2 and coinciding with gabapentin treatment in the other...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444153/head-movements-and-postures-as-pain-behavior
#2
Philipp Werner, Ayoub Al-Hamadi, Kerstin Limbrecht-Ecklundt, Steffen Walter, Harald C Traue
Pain assessment can benefit from observation of pain behaviors, such as guarding or facial expression, and observational pain scales are widely used in clinical practice with nonverbal patients. However, little is known about head movements and postures in the context of pain. In this regard, we analyze videos of three publically available datasets. The BioVid dataset was recorded with healthy participants subjected to painful heat stimuli. In the BP4D dataset, healthy participants performed a cold-pressor test and several other tasks (meant to elicit emotion)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433500/effects-of-local-treatment-with-and-without-sensorimotor-and-balance-exercise-in-individuals-with-neck-pain-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Munlika Sremakaew, Gwendolen Jull, Julia Treleaven, Marco Barbero, Deborah Falla, Sureeporn Uthaikhup
BACKGROUND: Impaired cervical joint position sense and balance are associated with neck pain. Specific therapeutic exercise and manual therapy are effective for improving neck pain and functional ability but their effects on joint position sense and balance impairments remain uncertain. Changes in the joint position sense and balance may need to be addressed specifically. The primary objective is to investigate the most effective interventions to improve impaired cervical joint position sense and balance in individuals with neck pain...
February 13, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410583/correlation-between-pulmonary-functions-and-respiratory-muscle-activity-in-patients-with-forward-head-posture
#4
Jeong-Il Kang, Dae-Keun Jeong, Hyun Choi
[Purpose] The purpose of this study is to determine the effect that secondary postural deformities and chronic postural abnormalities have on lung capacity, as well as correlate the activity of the respiratory muscles. The results provide basic objective data about the forward head posture and respiratory muscle activity that can be used in clinical situations. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects used in this study were 24 patients aged 25 to 35 years old who visited a hospital in Jeollanam-do Province, Korea, between September 2015 and January 2016...
January 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397087/the-benefits-of-yoga-in-children
#5
REVIEW
Chandra Nanthakumar
The number of children suffering from stress and anxiety in Malaysia is on the rise. Evidence shows that mind-body therapies such as mindfulness therapy, meditation and yoga have been practiced in many other countries to reduce and/or manage the psychological effects of stress and anxiety. This review article looks at the intervention of yoga as a meditative movement practice in helping school children manage stress and anxiety. Articles were retrieved using a combination of databases including PubMed/MEDLINE, and PsycINFO...
January 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391817/economic-evaluation-of-spondyloarthritis-economic-impact-of-diagnostic-delay-in-italy
#6
Francesco S Mennini, Raffaella Viti, Andrea Marcellusi, Paolo Sciattella, Ombretta Viapiana, Maurizio Rossini
Background and aim: Spondyloarthritis (SpA) is a disease that normally affects the axial skeleton. It progressively leads to overall stiffness up to severe postural deformity of rachis and functional impotence. The objective of the study was to quantify, through an economic model, the impact of specialized testing and pharmacological treatments carried out by the National Health Service (NHS) in normal clinical practice, before the patient is diagnosed with SpA in Italy. In line with the analysis objective, the chosen perspective is that of the NHS...
2018: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381043/foot-and-ankle-conditions-midfoot-and-forefoot-conditions
#7
Katherine M Edenfield
The midfoot and forefoot are the regions of the foot distal to the talus and calcaneus and are critical to weight bearing and movement. They help support the arch of the foot, provide shock absorption, and convert vertically oriented forces into horizontal forward and propulsive movement. A spectrum of acute, subacute, and chronic conditions in these regions can cause pain and decreased function. A thorough history and physical examination should include foot and leg biomechanics, alignment, and posture in addition to palpation of painful areas...
February 2018: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373799/the-role-of-the-vascular-and-structural-response-to-activity-in-the-development-of-achilles-tendinopathy-a-prospective-study
#8
Evi Wezenbeek, Tine Willems, Nele Mahieu, Martine De Muynck, Luc Vanden Bossche, Adelheid Steyaert, Dirk De Clercq, Erik Witvrouw
BACKGROUND: Several risk factors have been suggested in the development of Achilles tendinopathy, but large-scale prospective studies are limited. PURPOSE: To investigate the role of the vascular response to activity of the Achilles tendon, tendon thickness, ultrasound tissue characterization (UTC) of tendon structure, and foot posture as possible risk factors in the development of Achilles tendinopathy. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343965/postural-tachycardia-syndrome-current-perspectives
#9
REVIEW
Rachel Wells, Andrew J Spurrier, Dominik Linz, Celine Gallagher, Rajiv Mahajan, Prashanthan Sanders, Amanda Page, Dennis H Lau
Postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is the combination of an exaggerated heart rate response to standing, in association with symptoms of lightheadedness or pre-syncope that improve when recumbent. The condition is often associated with fatigue and brain fog, resulting in significant disruptions at a critical time of diagnosis in adolescence and young adulthood. The heterogeneity of the underlying pathophysiology and the variable response to therapeutic interventions make management of this condition challenging for both patients and physicians alike...
2018: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342932/interstitial-glucose-and-physical-exercise-in-type-1-diabetes-integrative-physiology-technology-and-the-gap-in-between
#10
REVIEW
Othmar Moser, Jane E Yardley, Richard M Bracken
Continuous and flash glucose monitoring systems measure interstitial fluid glucose concentrations within a body compartment that is dramatically altered by posture and is responsive to the physiological and metabolic changes that enable exercise performance in individuals with type 1 diabetes. Body fluid redistribution within the interstitial compartment, alterations in interstitial fluid volume, changes in rate and direction of fluid flow between the vasculature, interstitium and lymphatics, as well as alterations in the rate of glucose production and uptake by exercising tissues, make for caution when interpreting device read-outs in a rapidly changing internal environment during acute exercise...
January 15, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342191/changes-in-balance-and-joint-position-sense-during-a-12-day-high-altitude-trek-the-british-services-dhaulagiri-medical-research-expedition
#11
Sarah B Clarke, Kevin Deighton, Caroline Newman, Gareth Nicholson, Liam Gallagher, Christopher J Boos, Adrian Mellor, David R Woods, John P O'Hara
Postural control and joint position sense are essential for safely undertaking leisure and professional activities, particularly at high altitude. We tested whether exposure to a 12-day trek with a gradual ascent to high altitude impairs postural control and joint position sense. This was a repeated measures observational study of 12 military service personnel (28±4 years). Postural control (sway velocity measured by a portable force platform) during standing balance, a Sharpened Romberg Test and knee joint position sense were measured, in England (113m elevation) and at 3 research camps (3619m, 4600m and 5140m) on a 12-day high altitude trek in the Dhaulagiri region of Nepal...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320970/modelling-endurance-and-resumption-times-for-repetitive-one-hand-pushing
#12
Linda M Rose, Catherine A A Beauchemin, W Patrick Neumann
This study's objective was to develop models of endurance time (ET), as a function of load level (LL), and of resumption time (RT) after loading as a function of both LL and loading time (LT) for repeated loadings. Ten male participants with experience in construction work each performed fifteen different one-handed repetaed pushing tasks at shoulder height with varied exerted force and duration. This data was used to create regression models predicting ET and RT. It is concluded that power law relationships are most appropriate to use when modelling ET and RT...
January 11, 2018: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316207/pesticides-passive-dispersal-acaricide-and-starvation-induced-take-off-of-the-predatory-mite-neoseiulus-baraki
#13
Vaneska Barbosa Monteiro, Vanessa Farias Silva, Debora Barbosa Lima, Raul Narciso Carvalho Guedes, Manoel Guedes Correa Gondim
BACKGROUND: An understanding of the causes and consequences of dispersal is vital for managing populations. Environmental contaminants, such as pesticides, provide potential environmental context-dependent stimuli for dispersal of targeted and non-targeted species, which may occur not only for active but also for passive dispersal, although such a possibility is frequently neglected. Here, we assessed the potential of food deprivation and acaricides to interfere with the take-off for passive (wind) dispersal of the predatory mite Neoseiulus baraki...
January 8, 2018: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309180/poliomyelitis-and-its-management-in-the-hospital-of-stara-gora-slovenia-in-memoriam-dr-hilda-veli%C3%A4-kov
#14
REVIEW
Michele Schincariol
In the years between 1956 - 1958 Slovenia faced a poliomyelitis epidemic in which around 400 people were affected, one tenth of them died, and a big part of the population was left with consequences of this disease and its long-lasting rehabilitation. From 1952 to 1962 the facility of Stara Gora offered shelter and physical rehabilitation with up-to-date treatments such as oscillation and minimal joint mobilisation, hydrotherapy, irradiation, and electrical stimulation to 1124 children. During this period 200 children suffering from poliomyelitis were admitted to a specialized ward...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308941/a-multimodal-physical-therapy-approach-utilizing-the-maitland-concept-in-the-management-of-a-patient-with-cervical-and-lumbar-radiculitis-and-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-hypermobility-type-a-case-report
#15
Adelina Pennetti
The purpose of this case report is to present a multimodal approach for patient management using the Maitland concept framework for cervical and lumbar radiculitis with an underlying diagnosis of Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome-Hypermobility Type (EDS-HT). This case presents care guided by evidence, patient values, and rationale for the selected course of physical therapy treatment provided by therapist experience. A 35-year-old female with a 2-year history of worsening lumbar and cervical pain was referred to physical therapy to address these musculoskeletal issues concurrent with diagnostic testing for EDS...
January 8, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295638/postural-asymmetry-in-non-ambulant-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-a-scoping-review
#16
Carlee Holmes, Kim Brock, Prue Morgan
PURPOSE: Non-ambulant adults with cerebral palsy are vulnerable to development of postural asymmetry and associated complications. The primary aim of this scoping review was to identify postural deformities in non-ambulant adults with cerebral palsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Comprehensive searches were undertaken in EMBASE, CINAHL, AMED, Cochrane, Psych INFO, and Joanna Briggs (1986-Jan 2017), supplemented by hand searching. Two reviewers independently extracted data using a customised tool focusing on study design, participant characteristics, postural descriptors, measurement tools, and interventions...
January 2, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288590/combined-electrical-stimulation-and-exercise-for-swallow-rehabilitation-post-stroke-a-pilot-randomized-control-trial
#17
Lise Sproson, Sue Pownall, Pam Enderby, Jenny Freeman
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is common after stroke, affecting up to 50% of patients initially. It can lead to post-stroke pneumonia, which causes 30% of stroke-related deaths, a longer hospital stay and poorer health outcomes. Dysphagia care post-stroke generally focuses on the management of symptoms, via modified oral intake textures and adapted posture, rather than direct physical rehabilitation of the swallowing function. Transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is a promising rehabilitation technology that can be used to stimulate swallowing; however, findings regarding efficacy have been conflicting...
December 30, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280702/effective-management-of-extensive-tissue-loss-after-abdominoperineal-resection-for-buschke-loewenstein-tumor
#18
G Balducci, G Carbotta, M G Sederino, A Delvecchio, R Laforgia, P Sallustio, P Lobascio, F Ferrarese, M Minafra, S Fedele, N Palasciano
The giant condyloma acuminatum or Buschke-Loewenstein tumor is a rare, sexually transmitted disease. It is an epithelial tumor characterized by its high potential of malignancy towards developing into a highly invasive squamous cell carcinoma. The present case concerns a drug addicted 40-year-old man who smuggled drugs using his rectum. He had a partially ulcerated mass in the perianal area of about 20 x 10 cm. He reported a progressive growth of this neoplasm during the last 3 years associated with perianal pain, obstructed defecation, bad sitting posture, no fever and weight loss...
September 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277247/coherence-analysis-of-trunk-and-leg-acceleration-reveals-altered-postural-sway-strategy-during-standing-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#19
Jessie Huisinga, Martina Mancini, Chris Veys, Rebecca Spain, Fay Horak
Balance task performance is affected in persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS), but the control strategies used to perform specific tasks are not well understood. The purpose of this study was to evaluate segmental control during quiet standing in PwMS and controls to understand whether MS alters use of the ankle and hip strategies to manage postural sway. Coherence of acceleration between the trunk and legs was evaluated with accelerometers placed on the sacrum and lower leg. Thirty-six PwMS and 20 healthy control subjects performed quiet standing with eyes open and closed while center of pressure (CoP) and acceleration of postural sway was measured...
December 22, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248172/the-effects-of-forward-head-posture-on-neck-extensor-muscle-thickness-an-ultrasonographic-study
#20
Fereshte Goodarzi, Leila Rahnama, Noureddin Karimi, Raziyeh Baghi, Shapour Jaberzadeh
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare neck extensor muscle thickness, thickness changes, and strength between participants with forward head posture (FHP) and controls with normal head posture (NHP). METHODS: Twenty college students with FHP (mean age 21.30 ± 2.36 years) and 20 students with NHP (mean age 21.85 ± 2.78 years) participated in this case-control study. The thickness of neck extensor muscles was measured at rest and at maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC)...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
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