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Postural management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681105/lethal-persistent-pulmonary-hypertension-of-the-newborn-in-bohring-opitz-syndrome
#1
Masaya Kibe, Satoshi Ibara, Hidehito Inagaki, Takema Kato, Hiroki Kurahashi, Toshiro Ikeda
Bohring-Opitz syndrome (BOS) is a rare disease with a number of characteristic features, including hypertelorism, prominent metopic suture, exophthalmos, cleft palate, abnormal posture, and developmental retardation. Here, we report a BOS patient presenting with lethal persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) and inspiratory respiratory failure. The female infant was treated with nitric oxide and vasodilator, which did not improve her condition. The inspiratory respiratory failure required management with deep sedation...
May 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674286/longitudinal-changes-over-thirty-six-months-in-postural-control-dynamics-and-cognitive-function-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease
#2
Annette Pantall, Silvia Del Din, Lynn Rochester
BACKGROUND: Postural instability is a common motor feature in people with Parkinson's disease (PD) together with non-motor features such as cognitive dysfunction. Management of postural instability is challenging as it is often resistant to dopaminergic therapy. Greater knowledge of postural control is essential to understand postural instability in PD. RESEARCH QUESTION: This study aimed to answer how postural control differs in people with PD compared to healthy older adults (HOA)...
April 13, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657237/management-of-sternal-dislocation-with-and-without-surgery-in-cats-owner-assessed-long-term-follow-up-of-two-clinical-cases
#3
Gab-Chol Choi, Md Mahbubur Rahman, Hwangmin Kim, Sehoon Kim, In-Seong Jeong
The aim of this paper is to report two cases of sternal dislocation (SD) in cats and the long-term outcomes with and without surgery. In a cat with poly-traumatized SD (Case 1), mandibular, radial, and ulnar fractures were corrected first, and the SD was allowed to heal without intervention for 14 months. However, normal healing did not occur and sternal instability remained. Therefore, the SD was corrected surgically, and the cat recovered fully within 4 weeks. In a cat with isolated SD (Case 2), surgery was performed, and normal posture and gait were regained after 5 weeks...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652782/impaired-trunk-posture-in-women-with-fibromyalgia
#4
Núria Sempere-Rubio, Marta Aguilar-Rodríguez, Gemma V Espí-López, Sara Cortés-Amador, Eliseo Pascual, Pilar Serra-Añó
STUDY TYPE: A cross-sectional study OBJECTIVES.: The main goal of the study was to analyze posture of Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) in women compared to healthy subjects in order to establish if posture assessment could be useful to characterize the syndrome. Secondarily, we explored the impact of sedentary behavior on trunk posture. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pain has been associated with poor static postures, however there is little information on the effect of FMS, which is characterized by widespread pain, on trunk posture...
April 12, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628802/relationship-between-radiographic-lumbosacral-spine-mensuration-and-chronic-low-back-pain-intensity-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Savannah K Shortz, Mitchell Haas
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate correlative factors affecting chronic low back pain (CLBP), with special emphasis on the radiographic postural findings in the sagittal lumbosacral spine. Methods: A cross-sectional study alongside a randomized trial was conducted. Standing lateral lumbar spine radiographs from 352 patients with CLBP enrolled in a randomized trial were analyzed and radiographic mensuration of lumbar lordosis, lumbosacral disc angle, and sacral inclination performed...
March 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625643/treating-congenital-proximal-interphalangeal-joint-contracture
#6
REVIEW
Sarah M Yannascoli, Charles A Goldfarb
The management of congenital proximal interphalangeal joint deformity, also known as camptodactyly, is challenging. There are numerous theories on the cause of this abnormal finger posture, leading to variations in classification, definition, and treatment approaches. This article assesses the previous literature and provides clarity and guidance for the practical treatment of camptodactyly.
May 2018: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623455/managing-gait-balance-and-posture-in-parkinson-s-disease
#7
REVIEW
Bettina Debû, Clecio De Oliveira Godeiro, Jarbas Correa Lino, Elena Moro
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Postural instability and gait difficulties inexorably worsen with Parkinson's disease (PD) progression and become treatment resistant, with a severe impact on autonomy and quality of life. We review the main characteristics of balance instability, gait disabilities, and static postural alterations in advanced PD, and the available treatment strategies. RECENT FINDINGS: It remains very difficult to satisfactorily alleviate gait and postural disturbances in advanced PD...
April 6, 2018: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623050/linear-and-nonlinear-analyses-of-the-cardiac-autonomic-control-in-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-a-case-control-study
#8
Jorge L Cavalcante Neto, Antonio R Zamunér, Bianca C Moreno, Ester Silva, Eloisa Tudella
Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) and children at risk for DCD (r-DCD) present motor impairments interfering in their school, leisure and daily activities. In addition, these children may have abnormalities in their cardiac autonomic control, which together with their motor impairments, restrict their health and functionality. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the cardiac autonomic control, by linear and nonlinear analysis, at supine and during an orthostatic stimulus in DCD, r-DCD and typically developed children...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622830/prevalence-perception-and-correlates-of-low-back-pain-among-healthcare-workers-in-tertiary-health-institutions-in-sokoto-nigeria
#9
Kehinde J Awosan, Semen S Yikawe, Oche M Oche, Muhammad Oboirien
Background: Low back pain (LBP) is a common cause of disability worldwide. Healthcare workers are particularly prone to it because of the physical and emotional factors associated with their profession. Objectives: To determine the prevalence, perception and correlates of LBP among healthcare workers in tertiary health institutions in Sokoto, Nigeria. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 320 healthcare workers selected by multistage sampling technique from July to September 2016...
December 2017: Ghana Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613979/anterior-chamber-sulfur-hexafluoride-sf6-injection-for-the-management-of-post-surgery-hypotony-in-glaucoma-patients
#10
Stratos V Gotzaridis, Dimitra M Portaliou, Vasiliki A Mela, Paraskevi Xanthopoulou, George D Kymionis
PURPOSE: To describe a new technique involving the injection of sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) gas in the anterior chamber for the management of hypotony in patients with previous glaucoma surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven patients were included in this prospective case series. All patients had advanced glaucoma that was managed surgically either by trabeculectomy (6 patients) or Ahmed valve (1 patient). All patients presented with intraocular pressure (IOP) less than 7▒mm Ηg, shallow anterior chamber and ultrasound images of choroidal detachment and ciliary body detachment...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606335/spinal-manipulative-therapy-and-other-conservative-treatments-for-low-back-pain-a-guideline-from-the-canadian-chiropractic-guideline-initiative
#11
André E Bussières, Gregory Stewart, Fadi Al-Zoubi, Philip Decina, Martin Descarreaux, Danielle Haskett, Cesar Hincapié, Isabelle Pagé, Steven Passmore, John Srbely, Maja Stupar, Joel Weisberg, Joseph Ornelas
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop a clinical practice guideline on the management of acute and chronic low back pain (LBP) in adults. The aim was to develop a guideline to provide best practice recommendations on the initial assessment and monitoring of people with low back pain and address the use of spinal manipulation therapy (SMT) compared with other commonly used conservative treatments. METHODS: The topic areas were chosen based on an Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality comparative effectiveness review, specific to spinal manipulation as a nonpharmacological intervention...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592984/a-rare-cause-of-postpartum-headache
#12
Nayantara Bijral, Imran Qureshi, Aisha Hameed
Postpartum women can develop headache, and their assessment requires a thorough and multidisciplinary approach. If the headache is unresponsive to treatment and accompanied by neurological deficit, neuroimaging needs to be undertaken to rule out other life-threatening causes.1 We present a case of 35-year-old woman with pre-eclampsia and diet-controlled gestational diabetes mellitus, who had normal vaginal delivery at 40 weeks. She had an epidural analgesia for pain relief during labour, but had inadvertent dural puncture during the procedure and developed headache 24 hours after delivery...
March 28, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581921/posterior-vitreous-detachment-precipitated-by-yoga
#13
Soh Yee Chong, Lai Chan Fhun, Evelyn Tai, Mei Fong Chong, Khairy Shamel Sonny Teo
Yoga has recently been touted as a means to improve physical and mental well-being. However, no form of exercise is without its risks. A 32-year-old Chinese female with moderate myopia complained of right eye sudden onset of floaters and mild blurring of vision after the head-down posture. The visual acuity was 6/12 in the right eye and 6/9 in the left eye. A right eye fundus examination showed posterior vitreous detachment, with a small blood clot located at the inferior margin of the optic disc. The patient was diagnosed with right eye vitreous hemorrhage secondary to acute posterior vitreous detachment and was managed conservatively...
January 24, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578991/commentary-on-effects-of-postural-management-on-hip-migration-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#14
Genevieve Pinto Zipp, Lisa OʼConnell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578990/effects-of-postural-management-on-hip-migration-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#15
Christiaan Gmelig Meyling, Marjolijn Ketelaar, Marie-Anne Kuijper, Jeanine Voorman, Annemieke I Buizer
PURPOSE: To review the existing literature on the effects of postural management on hip migration in children with cerebral palsy. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed using 5 databases. Quality of articles was assessed and study designs were appraised according to the American Academy of Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine Systematic Review Method. RESULTS: Eight of 655 identified studies were included, reporting postural management in children with cerebral palsy...
April 2018: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571697/efficacy-of-non-surgical-interventions-on-dynamic-balance-in-patients-with-ankle-instability-a-network-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Konstantinos Tsikopoulos, Dimitris Mavridis, Dimitrios Georgiannos, Mary Spencer Cain
OBJECTIVES: To identify non-surgical treatments which were deemed to be more effective in improving dynamic postural control in patients with chronic ankle instability (CAI). DESIGN: Systematic review and random-effects network meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched Scopus, CENTRAL, and PubMed until 26 August 2017. We used data from randomized trials comparing the results of different non-surgical interventions for lateral CAI. We assessed dynamic postural control in terms of the star-excursion balance test in the posteromedial direction...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571543/dysphagia-in-children
#17
Kimberly L Duffy
Speech-Language Pathologists (SLP) play an integral role in evaluating and treating pediatric patients with dysphagia related to aerodigestive disorders. Non-supportive anatomy, cardio-respiratory and medical status, state control, neurologic functioning, postural stability and control, gastrointestinal functioning, hunger and satiation, developmental abilities, oral-motor skills, oral/pharyngeal reflexes, airway protection and secretion management can create barriers to successful oral feeding. Swallowing is broken down into four phases and difficulties can occur during any phase or in combination with another phase of swallowing...
March 2018: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559204/special-issue-for-the-silver-anniversary-of-postural-tachycardia-syndrome
#18
REVIEW
Satish R Raj, Lauren E Stiles
Postural Tachycardia Syndrome (POTS) is a multi-system disorder that can be associated with significant functional disability. Likely due to the multi-system nature of the disorder, it can be difficult for physicians caring for these patients with POTS to know enough about the management of problems that fall within so many different specialties. This special issue was written for these clinicians and their patients. We have brought together experts on POTS with different backgrounds to share their approach to many of the medical issues that confront patients with POTS...
March 15, 2018: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557820/reliability-and-criterion-related-validity-of-the-seated-posture-scale
#19
Lelia Barks, Cynthia Garvan, Barbara Crane, Matthew Peterson, Lisa M Brown, Gail Powell-Cope
PURPOSE: Earlier, we reported development and initial testing of a rapid, low burden measure of wheelchair seated posture (the Seated Posture Scale [SPS]) for research and clinical use. The purpose of this study was to test the intrarater reliability, interrater reliability, and criterion related validity of the SPS. DESIGN: We used a descriptive design to test and develop the instrument. METHODS: We used the method described by Walter, Donner, and Eliasziw to determine 46 participants were needed, from two Veterans Administration nursing homes or CLCs (community living centers)...
March 19, 2018: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547787/do-trunk-based-left-right-judgment-tasks-elicit-motor-imagery
#20
Latifah Alazmi, Grace E Gadsby, Nicola R Heneghan, T David Punt
BACKGROUND: Left/right judgment tasks (LRJTs) are used in the management of chronic pain. This use is predicated on their ability to elicit the simulation of movements (i.e. motor imagery), including those where the execution of the same movements induces pain. While established for limb-based LRJTs, the ability of trunk-based LRJTs to elicit motor imagery of trunk movements has not been demonstrated. OBJECTIVE: To establish whether data from a trunk-based LRJT are indicative of motor imagery being elicited for the specific lateralised trunk postures presented...
March 7, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
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