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Postural management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890544/persistent-hydrocephalus-due-to-postural-activation-of-a-ventricular-shunt-anti-gravity-device
#1
Claudia L Craven, Ahmed K Toma, Laurence D Watkins
The ever present need to balance over drainage with under drainage in hydrocephalus has required innovations including adjustable valves with antigravity devices. These are activated in the vertical position to prevent siphoning. We describe a group of bedridden patients who presented with unexplained under drainage caused by activation of antigravity shunt components produced by peculiar head/body position. Retrospective single centre case series of hydrocephalus patients, treated with ventriculo-peritoneal (VP) shunt insertion between April 2014 - February 2016...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879959/balance-versus-resistance-training-on-postural-control-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Suhaila M Santos, Rubens A Da Silva, Marcelle B Terra, Isabela A Almeida, Lucio B De Melo, Henrique B Ferraz
BACKGROUND: Evidences have shown that physiotherapy programs may improve the balance of individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD); although it is not clear which specific exercise program is better. AIM: Compare the effectiveness of balance versus resistance training on postural control measures in PD patients. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: The study was conducted in a physiotherapy outpatient clinic of a university hospital...
November 23, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878585/motion-and-emotion-anxiety-axial-connections-in-parkinson-s-disease
#3
Rastislav Šumec, Irena Rektorová, Robert Jech, Kateřina Menšíková, Jan Roth, Evžen Růžička, Dana Sochorová, Ladislav Dušek, Petr Kaňovský, Ivan Rektor, Tomáš Pavlík, Pavel Filip, Martin Bareš
Anxiety is a serious and frequent complication in Parkinson's disease (PD) that significantly affects the quality of life of patients. Multiple neuroanatomical, experimental, and clinical studies suggest its close association with axial disturbances. However, whether this relation applies for PD patients (commonly suffering from axial difficulties, such as balance and gait disturbance) has not been properly tested yet. The purpose of this study was to determine whether PD patients suffering from axial symptoms have higher levels of anxiety than others and to identify other factors associated with anxiety-axial connections...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872897/physiotherapy-practice-patterns-for-management-of-patients-undergoing-thoracic-surgeries-in-india-a-survey
#4
Sagarika Sultanpuram, Gopala Krishna Alaparthi, Shyam Krishnan Krishnakumar, Zulfeequer C P Ottayil
Aim. The aim of the current study is to determine the practice patterns of physiotherapists for patients undergoing thoracic surgeries in India. Materials and Methodology. A cross-sectional survey was conducted across India in which 600 questionnaires were sent in emails to physiotherapists. The questionnaire addressed assessment and treatment techniques of thoracic surgery. Results. A total of 234 completed questionnaires were returned with a response rate of 39%, with the majority of responses received from Telangana, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh...
2016: Surgery Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861433/understanding-phenotypes-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-applications-in-anesthesia-surgery-and-perioperative-medicine
#5
Yamini Subramani, Mandeep Singh, Jean Wong, Clete A Kushida, Atul Malhotra, Frances Chung
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a prevalent sleep-disordered breathing with potential long-term major neurocognitive and cardiovascular sequelae. The pathophysiology of OSA varies between individuals and is composed of different underlying mechanisms. Several components including the upper airway anatomy, effectiveness of the upper airway dilator muscles such as the genioglossus, arousal threshold of the individual, and inherent stability of the respiratory control system determine the pathogenesis of OSA...
November 17, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842523/does-walking-after-lumbar-spinal-surgery-predict-recovery-of-function-at-six-months-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Sarah Gilmore, Jodie A McClelland, Megan Davidson
BACKGROUND: Physiotherapists are commonly involved in the management of patients immediately following lumbar spinal surgery. There is however, very little research to guide physiotherapy intervention in the acute post-operative period, and the advice provided to patients regarding post-operative walking and physical activity has been shown to be highly variable. The primary aim of this research is to establish whether the amount of walking patients perform in the week following lumbar spinal surgery predicts improvement in function at 6 months...
November 14, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833521/treatment-responsive-holmes-tremor-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Mohammed Alqwaifly
Holmes tremor is a rare symptomatic movement disorder, characterized by a combination of resting, postural, and action tremors. It is usually caused by lesions involving the brainstem, thalamus, and cerebellum. It is often difficult to treat, many medications have been used with varying degrees of success. It may respond to stereotactic thalamotomy and deep brain stimulation in ventralis intermedius nucleus. Here I report a case of Holmes tremor secondary to multiple sclerosis that treated with L-dopa/carpidopa and showed marked improvement...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832355/influence-of-meteorological-elements-on-balance-control-and-pain-in-patients-with-symptomatic-knee-osteoarthritis
#8
Laetitia Peultier, Alexis Lion, Isabelle Chary-Valckenaere, Damien Loeuille, Zheng Zhang, Anne-Christine Rat, René Gueguen, Jean Paysant, Philippe P Perrin
This study aimed to determine if pain and balance control are related to meteorological modifications in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). One hundred and thirteen patients with knee OA (mean age = 65 ± 9 years old, 78 women) participated in this study. Static posturography was performed, sway area covered and sway path traveled by the center of foot pressure being recorded under six standing postural conditions that combine three visual situations (eyes open, eyes closed, vision altered) with two platform situations (firm and foam supports)...
November 10, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814738/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-organisational-level-strategies-with-or-without-an-activity-tracker-to-reduce-office-workers-sitting-time-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#9
C L Brakenridge, B S Fjeldsoe, D C Young, E A H Winkler, D W Dunstan, L M Straker, G N Healy
BACKGROUND: Office workers engage in high levels of sitting time. Effective, context-specific, and scalable strategies are needed to support widespread sitting reduction. This study aimed to evaluate organisational-support strategies alone or in combination with an activity tracker to reduce sitting in office workers. METHODS: From one organisation, 153 desk-based office workers were cluster-randomised (by team) to organisational support only (e.g., manager support, emails; 'Group ORG', 9 teams, 87 participants), or organisational support plus LUMOback activity tracker ('Group ORG + Tracker', 9 teams, 66 participants)...
November 4, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813193/the-importance-of-and-potential-for-continuous-monitoring-of-intraocular-pressure
#10
REVIEW
Charles W McMonnies
Monitoring intraocular pressure (IOP) is a critically important part of glaucoma management; however, clinical tonometry predominantly involves sitting postures and is unable to detect variations in response to posture changes, muscular effort, deep respirations and during a wide range of activities, such as playing high wind-resistance instruments and wearing swimming goggles in addition to eye touching and rubbing. For example, the usefulness of 24-hour tonometric phasing may be increased, if nocturnal assessments included side and prone sleeping postures rather than being limited to supine posture tonometry...
November 3, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799699/effectiveness-of-the-back-school-program-for-the-performance-of-activities-of-daily-living-in-users-of-a-basic-health-unit-in-porto-alegre-brazil
#11
Patrícia Thurow Bartz, Adriane Vieira, Matias Noll, Cláudia Tarragô Candotti
[Purpose] Primary care is considered the gateway to the Brazilian public health system and is responsible for managing the most prevalent problems in the population. In this study, the effects of Back School on pain, functionality, and the performance of activities of daily living (ADL) in users with chronic musculoskeletal pain were evaluated. [Subjects and Methods] Forty-four users (33 females and 11 males) participated in Back School, with five two-hour theoretical and practical meetings held once a week...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799580/surgical-management-of-unilateral-superior-oblique-palsy-thirty-years-of-experience
#12
Qianqian Wang, Michael Flanders
INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE: We describe the clinical characteristics of 252 patients with unilateral superior oblique palsy who underwent strabismus surgery. We assess if a predetermined surgical strategy, based on preoperative alignment and motility measurements, was effective in treating these patients. On this basis, the patients were divided into three different treatment groups. METHODS: Two-hundred fifty-two patients were identified retrospectively and classified into three groups according to the performed procedures: 1) inferior oblique weakening; 2) inferior rectus recession; 3) combined inferior oblique weakening and inferior rectus recession...
January 2016: American Orthoptic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797664/yoga-as-coping-a-conceptual-framework-for-meaningful-participation-in-yoga
#13
Brandi M Crowe, Marieke Van Puymbroeck, Arlene A Schmid
Yoga facilitates relaxation and connection of mind, body, and spirit through the use of breathing, meditation, and physical postures. Participation in yoga has been extensively linked to decreased stress, and as a result, is considered a therapeutic intervention by many. However, few theories exist that explain the link between yoga participation and improved psychosocial wellbeing. The leisure-stress coping conceptual framework suggests that through participation in leisure, an individual can decrease stress while concurrently restoring and building up sustainable mental and physical capacities...
January 2016: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796189/cervical-traction-for-managing-neck-pain-a-survey-of-physical-therapists-in-the-united-states
#14
Timothy J Madson, John H Hollman
Study Design Cross-sectional survey. Background Systematic reviews provide little support for traction in managing neck pain. While traction usage among physical therapists (PTs) in other countries has been described, usage in the United States has not been examined. Objective To examine how PTs use traction for patients with neck pain, when traction is used, delivery modes and parameters, supplemental interven¬tions, and whether professional demographics influence usage. Methods We surveyed a random sample of 4000 Orthopaedic Section members of the American Physical Therapy Association...
October 30, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785479/severe-progressive-scoliosis-in-an-adult-female-possibly-secondary-thoracic-surgery-in-childhood-treated-with-scoliosis-specific-schroth-physiotherapy-case-presentation
#15
Andrea Lebel, Victoria Ashley Lebel
BACKGROUND: Scoliosis is a complex three-dimensional (3D) spinal deformity. Acquired scoliosis in early childhood may progress into adulthood and pose an increased risk of health problems and reduction in quality of life. In Canada, patients with scoliosis are not referred for physiotherapeutic scoliosis-specific exercises (PSSE) despite the fact that Schroth physiotherapy, a scoliosis-specific 3D posture training and exercise program, can be effective in reducing pain and improving scoliosis curves, vital capacity, and overall quality of life in scoliosis patients...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781073/a-classic-case-of-subcutaneous-cysticercosis-a-rare-case-with-sonological-findings-and-review-of-literature
#16
Srinivas M Naren Satya, Kamala Retnam Mayilvaganan, V N Amogh, B V Balakrishna, Munnangi Satya Gautam, Ivvala Sai Prathyusha
BACKGROUND: Cysticercosis is a parasitic infection caused by the larval stages of the pork tapeworm, Taenia solium. The subcutaneous form of the disease is a relatively rare clinical entity. Despite its rarity, it is imperative for a radiologist to be aware of this subcutaneous form of the disease and its various radiological patterns while evaluating any subcutaneous swelling. In this paper, we aimed to describe a typical case of 'subcutaneous cysticercosis involving the left anterior chest wall' with high resolution ultrasound findings...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766239/healthy-older-adults-balance-pattern-under-dual-task-conditions-exploring-the-strategy-and-trend
#17
Bahareh Zeynalzadeh Ghoochani, Seyed Ali Hosseini, Saeed Talebian, Akbar Biglarian, Afsaneh Zeinalzadeh, Salman Nazary-Moghadam, Seyed Alireza Derakhshanrad
Background: In line with health promotion plans, early intervention and fall prevention in geriatric population, it is important to study healthy individuals balance mechanisms. The aim of this research was to investigate the effect of adding and removing visual input and dual task on elderly balance. Methods: Twenty healthy elderly recruited from four different senior citizen health club centers and from the University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences (USWR) participated in this analytic cross-sectional study...
2016: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764646/responses-by-hospital-complaints-managers-to-recommendations-for-systemic-reforms-by-health-complaints-commissions
#18
Jennifer Smith-Merry, Merrilyn Walton, Judith Healy, Coletta Hobbs
Objective This paper explores how hospital complaints managers react to recommendations for systemic quality reforms by health complaints commissions in response to complaints by patients in Queensland and New South Wales.Methods Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with complaints managers in 17 hospitals. Interview transcripts were then thematically analysed and data on responses to health complaint commissions was organised in relation to Valerie Braithwaite's typology of motivational postures...
October 21, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760504/relationship-between-craniocervical-orientation-and-center-of-force-of-occlusion-in-adults
#19
Curtis D Westersund, Jeffrey Scholten, Raymond J Turner
OBJECTIVE: Clinical observation and anecdotal reports suggest changes can occur to dental occlusion following intervention with the National Upper Cervical Chiropractic Association (NUCCA) procedure. This case controlled study discerned if occlusion changes are measurable using a dental force plate (T-Scan®) following an adjustment to the craniocervical junction (CCJ). METHODS: A degree of case control was established by active patients being assessed twice prior to and following intervention...
October 20, 2016: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749670/atlantoaxial-rotatory-subluxation-a-review-for-the-pediatric-emergency-physician
#20
Merritt D Kinon, Rani Nasser, Jonathan Nakhla, Rupen Desai, Jessica R Moreno, Reza Yassari, Carlos A Bagley
Pediatric emergency physicians must have a high clinical suspicion for atlantoaxial rotatory subluxation (AARS), particularly when a child presents with neck pain and an abnormal head posture without the ability to return to a neutral position. As shown in the neurosurgical literature, timely diagnosis and swift initiation of treatment have a greater chance of treatment success for the patient. However, timely treatment is complicated because torticollis can result from a variety of maladies, including: congenital abnormalities involving the C1-C2 joint or the surrounding supporting muscles and ligaments, central nervous system abnormalities, obstetric palsies from brachial plexus injuries, clavicle fractures, head and neck surgery, and infection...
October 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
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