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Justin Q Lee, Robert J Sutherland, Robert J McDonald
There is a substantial body of evidence that the hippocampus (HPC) plays and essential role in context discrimination in rodents. Studies reporting anterograde amnesia (AA) used repeated, alternating, distributed conditioning and extinction sessions to measure context fear discrimination. In addition, there is uncertainty about the extent of damage to the HPC. Here, we induced conditioned fear prior to discrimination tests and rats sustained extensive, quantified pre- or post-training HPC damage. Unlike previous work, we found that extensive HPC damage spares context discrimination, we observed no AA...
September 2017: Hippocampus
Sandhya R Panch, Yu Ying Yau, Courtney D Fitzhugh, Matthew M Hsieh, John F Tisdale, Susan F Leitman
BACKGROUND: Granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)-stimulated hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) collected by apheresis have become the predominant graft source for HPC transplantation in adults. Among healthy allogeneic donors, demographic characteristics (age, sex, body mass index [BMI]) and baseline hematologic counts affect HPC mobilization, leading to variability in CD34+ apheresis yields. Racial differences in HPC mobilization are less well characterized. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from 1096 consecutive G-CSF-stimulated leukapheresis procedures in healthy allogeneic African American (AA) or Caucasian donors...
May 2016: Transfusion
Alexandre A Lussier, Katarzyna A Stepien, Sarah M Neumann, Paul Pavlidis, Michael S Kobor, Joanne Weinberg
BACKGROUND: Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) is associated with alterations in numerous physiological systems, including the stress and immune systems. We have previously shown that PAE increases the course and severity of arthritis in an adjuvant-induced arthritis (AA) model. While the molecular mechanisms underlying these effects are not fully known, changes in neural gene expression are emerging as important factors in the etiology of PAE effects. As the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and hippocampus (HPC) play key roles in neuroimmune function, PAE-induced alterations to their transcriptome may underlie abnormal steady-state functions and responses to immune challenge...
February 2015: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Yongfeng Zhu, Yian Zheng, Aiqin Wang
A kind of granular hybrid hydrogel was prepared under an ambient temperature in air atmosphere using Fenton reagent as the redox initiator, and its three-dimensional structured polymeric network can be formed by the grafting reaction of acrylic acid (AA) onto hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC) with attapulgite (APT) as the inorganic component. The resulting granular hybrid hydrogel was marked as HPC-g-PAA/APT and used as the adsorbent to remove the rare earth elements, La(III) and Ce(III). The effects of pH and APT content on the adsorption capacity, as well as the adsorption isotherms and kinetics, were systematically investigated...
January 2015: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Yunyan Bai, Zhe Zhang, Aiping Zhang, Li Chen, Chaoliang He, Xiuli Zhuang, Xuesi Chen
Novel smart microgel particles made of poly (L-glutamic acid-2-hydroxylethyl methacrylate) (PGH) and hydroxypropyl cellulose-acrylic acid (HPC-AA) have been successfully prepared via emulsion polymerization. The dynamic light scattering measurement reveals that the average hydrodynamic radius 〈Rh〉 and hydrodynamic radius distributions f (Rh) of the microgel particles depend on the temperature and pH value thus the microgel particles exhibit both pH- and temperature-sensitivity. In vitro release study shows that the amount of insulin released from microgels in the gastric juice (at pH 1...
August 1, 2012: Carbohydrate Polymers
Laura Burgess, Colin Morgan, Kelly Mayes, Maw Tan
BACKGROUND: Improving parenteral nutrition (PN) amino acid (AA) intake in very preterm infants is associated with less hyperglycemia. AAs stimulate newborn insulin secretion with arginine, demonstrating a specific effect. We hypothesized that low arginine levels would be associated with increased insulin-treated hyperglycemia and higher mean daily blood glucose levels in very preterm infants. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis on previous study data comparing high-protein/calorie PN (HPC-PN) and control groups in infants <29 weeks' gestation...
February 2014: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Paulina Kazmierska, Jacek Grebowski, Jan Konopacki
The objective of this study was to assess whether ascorbic acid (AA), an intracellular anti-oxidant critical for neuronal protection, when added to artificial cerebrospinal fluid (ACSF), is able to protect hippocampal (HPC) formation slice preparations from ageing. In this research, the micro-electroencephalographic (EEG) technique was applied. Experiments were performed on 72 HPC formation slices obtained from 12 male Wistar rats. Two series of experiments were conducted: the control experiment, in which ACSF was used as an incubation medium, and the research one, in which ACSF was supplemented with 200 μM AA...
December 2012: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Thomas Walenda, Gudrun Bokermann, Edgar Jost, Oliver Galm, Anne Schellenberg, Carmen M Koch, Daniela M Piroth, Wolf Drescher, Tim H Brümmendorf, Wolfgang Wagner
Regeneration after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) depends on enormous activation of the stem cell pool. So far, it is hardly understood how these cells are recruited into proliferation and self-renewal. In this study, we have addressed the question if systemically released factors are involved in activation of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HPC) after autologous HSCT. Serum was taken from patients before chemotherapy, during neutropenia and after hematopoietic recovery. Subsequently, it was used as supplement for in vitro culture of CD34(+) cord blood HPC...
2011: PloS One
J Y Jacela, H L Frobose, J M DeRouchey, M D Tokach, S S Dritz, R D Goodband, J L Nelssen
A study was conducted to determine the AA digestibility and energy concentration of a specialized high-protein corn distillers dried grains (HPC-DDG) product and a high-protein sorghum dried distillers grains with solubles (HPS-DDGS) product. Six growing barrows (BW = 22.7 kg) were surgically fitted with T-cannulas at the terminal ileum and allotted randomly to 3 treatments in a crossover design with 3 periods. The treatment diets were 1) 67% HPC-DDG and 2) 50% HPS-DDGS as the sole protein sources, and 3) an N-free diet for determining basal endogenous AA loss...
November 2010: Journal of Animal Science
Hongjing Dou, Weihai Yang, Ke Tao, Wanwan Li, Kang Sun
In this study, thermal sensitive microgels functionalized with carboxyl groups were synthesized directly from hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC) and acrylic acid (AA) without using any organic solvent. Furthermore, covalently bonded hybrid microgels with novel thermosensitivity in terms of size and fluorescence were fabricated from these HPC-PAA microgels and cysteamine-capped CdTe quantum dots (QDs). The composition of the hybrid microgels were characterized by thermal thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and coulometric titration...
April 6, 2010: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Zhen-Yu Du, Tao Ma, Synnøve Winterthun, Karsten Kristiansen, Livar Frøyland, Lise Madsen
The ability of n-3 PUFA to competitively inhibit the use of arachidonic acid (AA) for membrane phospholipid synthesis and prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) production has been well demonstrated in single cell models. In the present study, we investigated the metabolic competition between AA and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) for PGE(2) synthesis in a rat hepatocyte-Kupffer cell (HPC/KC) co-culture system when the cellular oxidation capacity was enhanced by exogenous l-carnitine. We demonstrate that in the absence of l-carnitine, 1) beta-oxidation rates of EPA and AA were comparable in HPCs and in KCs; 2) AA and not EPA was preferentially incorporated into glycerolipids; and 3) addition of EPA significantly decreased AA-dependent PGE(2) synthesis in HPCs and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression in co-cultured HPCs/KCs...
April 2010: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Palapparambil Sunny Gils, Debajyoti Ray, Prafulla Kumar Sahoo
A novel biopolymer-based superporous hydrogel (SPH) was synthesized through chemical crosslinking by graft copolymerization of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) and acrylic acid (AA) on to xanthan gum (XG) via redox initiator system of ammonium persulfate (APS) and N, N, N', N'-tetramethylethylenediamine (TMED), in the presence of N, N'-methylenebisacrylamide (MBA) crosslinking agent, sodium bicarbonate foaming agent, a triblock copolymer of polyoxyethylene/polyoxypropylene/polyoxyethylene as a foam stabilizer...
November 1, 2009: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Yolanda Corripio-Miyar, Jun Zou, Heather Richmond, Chris J Secombes
This paper reports the cloning and sequencing of interleukin (IL)-22 in two gadoid fish, cod (Gadus morhua) and haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus). The complete transcript of this gene was 1002 and 1154 bp respectively, of which 492 bp was the open reading frame (ORF) in both genes. High amino acid identity (88.3%) was found between these genes but was less than 50% aa identity to other known genes. The gene organisation of haddock IL-22 consisted of five exons and four introns, as with other IL-10 family members...
June 2009: Molecular Immunology
Ying Chen, Dan Ding, Zhiqing Mao, Yafeng He, Yong Hu, Wei Wu, Xiqun Jiang
To develop a novel type of semi-IPN particles using biocompatible materials, hydroxypropylcellulose-poly(acrylic acid) (HPC-PAA) particles with semi-interpenetrating polymer network structure and a porosity-structural surface were prepared by direct polymerization of acrylic acid monomer in the reaction system comprised of HPC and AA monomer and N,N'-methylenebisacrylamide (MBAAm). The properties of HPC-PAA gel particles were characterized by dynamic light scattering, FT-IR, transmission electron microscopy, and atomic force microscope...
October 2008: Biomacromolecules
Fabio Timeus, Nicoletta Crescenzio, Alessandra Doria, Luiselda Foglia, Alessandra Linari, Mario Giaccone, Guido Pastore, Luca Cordero di Montezemolo, Ugo Ramenghi, Paola Saracco
OBJECTIVE: Identification of a rapid and noninvasive test for the follow-up of aplastic anemia (AA) patients during immunosuppressive therapy (IST) to evaluate its functional effect on hematopoietic progenitors (HPC) and for early detection of progression to myelodysplasia or relapse. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Absolute count and apoptotic rate (AR) of peripheral blood (PB) CD34+ cells were evaluated by three-color flow cytometry for CD45, CD34, and annexin V in cord blood (CB), normal children, and adults, as well as in pediatric patients with AA at diagnosis and during IST, Fanconi anemia (FA), chronic immune cytopenia, and refractory anemia with excess blasts (RAEB)...
May 2005: Experimental Hematology
Mingyue Liu, Nabil J Alkayed
The brain's adaptive response to ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is mediated in part via hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-responsive genes. We previously showed that IPC induces cytochrome P450 2C11 expression in the brain, associated with protection from stroke. Cytochrome P450 2C11 is an arachidonic acid (AA) epoxygenase expressed in astrocytes, which metabolizes AA to epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs). We tested the hypotheses that hypoxic preconditioning (HPC) induces 2C11 expression in astrocytes via HIF-1alpha, and that the P450 epoxygenase pathway contributes to enhanced astrocyte tolerance to ischemia-like injury induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD)...
August 2005: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Guadalupe Martínez-Jaramillo, Eugenia Flores-Figueroa, Elizabeth Sánchez-Valle, Guillermo Gutiérrez-Espíndola, Enrique Gómez-Morales, Juan José Montesinos, Patricia Flores-Guzmán, Antonieta Chávez-González, J Antonio Alvarado-Moreno, Hector Mayani
Aplastic anemia (AA) and myelodysplasia (MDS) show great similarities in their biology. To date, however, it is still unclear to what extent hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) from AA and MDS share biological properties and what the functional differences are between them. In trying to address this issue, in the present study we have analyzed, in a comparative manner, the proliferation and expansion capacities of bone marrow (BM) progenitor cells from AA and MDS in response to recombinant cytokines. BM samples from normal subjects (NBM) and patients with AA and MDS were enriched for HPC by immunomagnetic-based negative selection...
October 2002: Leukemia Research
P A Broderick, S V Pacia, W K Doyle, O Devinsky
It is known that epilepsy patients diagnosed with neocortical temporal lobe epilepsy (NTLE), differ from those diagnosed with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE), e.g., in hippocampal (HPC) pathology. In the present studies, we tested the hypothesis that NTLE and MTLE subtypes of human epilepsy might differ in regards to their HPC monoamine neurochemistry. Monoamine neurotransmitters were studied in separate signals and within s with semiderivative microvoltammetry, used in combination with stearate indicator, Ag-AgCl reference and stainless steel auxiliary microelectrodes...
September 29, 2000: Brain Research
G Martínez-Jaramillo, E Gómez-Morales, H Mayani
The hematopoietic system in patients with aplastic anemia (AA) shows both quantitative and qualitative deficiencies, i.e., reduced numbers of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPC) and impaired HPC proliferation in long-term marrow cultures (LTMC). Since recombinant human granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (rhGM-CSF) has been shown to be a potent stimulator of normal hematopoiesis, both in vivo and in vitro, in the present study we wanted to assess the possibility of stimulating hematopoiesis in LTMC from 17 patients with AA, by weekly addition of rhGM-CSF (10 ng/ml)...
June 1999: American Journal of Hematology
E Gómez-Morales, G Martinez-Jaramillo, E Sánchez-Valle, I Valencia-Plata, R M Arana-Trejo, M A Castro, J Pizzuto-Chávez, H Mayani
By using Dexter-type long-term marrow cultures (D-LTMC), it has been shown previously that hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPC) from patients with aplastic anemia (AA) have a deficient proliferation in vitro. The studies reported to date, however, have focused exclusively on granulomonocytic progenitors and no information exists on erythroid or multipotent progenitor cells. On the other hand, in such studies, the input progenitor cell numbers were significantly below normal levels, thus suggesting that the rapid disappearance of myeloid progenitor cells from AA D-LTMC could also be due, at least in part, to their reduced number at culture onset...
October 1998: American Journal of Hematology
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