keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

frailty in the elderly cancer patients

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095145/performance-of-four-frailty-classifications-in-older-patients-with-cancer-prospective-elderly-cancer-patients-cohort-study
#1
Emilie Ferrat, Elena Paillaud, Philippe Caillet, Marie Laurent, Christophe Tournigand, Jean-Léon Lagrange, Jean-Pierre Droz, Lodovico Balducci, Etienne Audureau, Florence Canouï-Poitrine, Sylvie Bastuji-Garin
Purpose Frailty classifications of older patients with cancer have been developed to assist physicians in selecting cancer treatments and geriatric interventions. They have not been compared, and their performance in predicting outcomes has not been assessed. Our objectives were to assess agreement among four classifications and to compare their predictive performance in a large cohort of in- and outpatients with various cancers. Patients and Methods We prospectively included 1,021 patients age 70 years or older who had solid or hematologic malignancies and underwent a geriatric assessment in one of two French teaching hospitals between 2007 and 2012...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089304/management-of-prostate-cancer-in-elderly-patients-recommendations-of-a-task-force-of-the-international-society-of-geriatric-oncology
#2
REVIEW
Jean-Pierre Droz, Gilles Albrand, Silke Gillessen, Simon Hughes, Nicolas Mottet, Stéphane Oudard, Heather Payne, Martine Puts, Gilbert Zulian, Lodovico Balducci, Matti Aapro
CONTEXT: Prostate cancer is the most frequent male cancer. Since the median age of diagnosis is 66 yr, many patients require both geriatric and urologic evaluation if treatment is to be tailored to individual circumstances including comorbidities and frailty. OBJECTIVE: To update the 2014 International Society of Geriatric Oncology (SIOG) guidelines on prostate cancer in men aged >70 yr. The update includes new material on health status evaluation and the treatment of localised, advanced, and castrate-resistant disease...
January 11, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986531/patient-function-and-the-value-of-surgical-care-for-kidney-cancer
#3
Hung-Jui Tan, Joseph D Shirk, Karim Chamie, Mark S Litwin, Jim C Hu
PURPOSE: Frailty and functional status have emerged as significant predictors of morbidity and mortality for patients undergoing cancer surgery. To articulate their impact on value (i.e., quality per cost), we compared perioperative outcomes and expenditures according to patient function for older adults undergoing kidney cancer surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using linked SEER-Medicare data, we identified 19,129 elderly patients with kidney cancer treated with non-ablative surgery from 2000-2009...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979468/sarcopenia-in-emergency-abdominal-surgery
#4
Rebecca C Dirks, Brandy L Edwards, Elizabeth Tong, Basil Schaheen, Florence E Turrentine, Amber Shada, Philip W Smith
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia, a loss of skeletal muscle mass associated with aging, is a practical measure of frailty and has been previously identified as a predictor of outcomes in surgical cohorts including cancer resection and elderly patients. We hypothesized that sarcopenia, as measured by preoperative computerized tomography (CT) scan, predicts mortality and morbidity in emergent laparotomy. METHODS: Institutional American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program data were queried for adult patients who underwent open emergency abdominal surgery between 2008 and 2013...
January 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942414/lung-cancer-in-elderly-patients
#5
REVIEW
Federico Venuta, Daniele Diso, Ilaria Onorati, Marco Anile, Sara Mantovani, Erino A Rendina
There is a worldwide-accepted evidence of a population shift toward older ages. This shift favors an increased risk of developing lung cancer that is primarily a disease of older populations. Decision making is extremely difficult in elderly patients, since this group is under-represented in clinical trials with only 25% of them historically opening to patients older than 65 years. For all these reasons, a "customized" preoperative assessment to identify physiological or pathological frailty should be encouraged since standard tools may be less reliable...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917433/deaths-among-elderly-patients-in-the-emergency-department-a-needs-assessment-for-end-of-life-care
#6
Rakhee Yash Pal, Win Sen Kuan, Yiwen Koh, Kuhan Venugopal, Irwani Ibrahim
INTRODUCTION: Elderly patients with serious chronic diseases often present to the emergency department (ED) in the last moments of their life, many with identifiable trajectories of dying: organ failure; advanced cancer; and chronic frailty. These patients and their families may benefit more from good end-of-life (EOL) care provision than the standard resuscitative approach. This study aimed to determine the incidence and nature of death among patients aged 65 years and above in an ED, and characterise their trajectories of dying...
December 5, 2016: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892670/impact-of-adjuvant-chemotherapy-in-elderly-breast-patients-in-taiwan-a-hospital-based-study
#7
Hsiu-Chuan Lee, Wei-Yu Chen, Wen- Tsung Huang, Kuo- Chen Cheng, Yu-Feng Tian, Chung-Han Ho, Chao- Jung Tsao, Yin- Hsun Feng
Purpose: Decisions as to whether to provide adjuvant treatment in older breast cancer patients remains challenging. Side effects of chemotherapy have to be weighed against life expectancy, comorbidities, functional status, and frailty. To aid decision-making, we retrospectively analyzed 110 women with breast cancer treated with a curative intention from 2006 to 2012. Survival data with clinical and pathological parameters were evaluated to address the role of adjuvant chemotherapy in this study population. Method: A total of 110 elderly (>70 years) patients that received mastectomy at two hospitals in Taiwan were observed retrospectively for a medium of 51 months...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807726/the-preoperative-frailty-versus-inflammation-based-prognostic-score-which-is-better-as-an-objective-predictor-for-gastric-cancer-patients-80%C3%A2-years-and-older
#8
Jun Lu, Long-Long Cao, Chao-Hui Zheng, Ping Li, Jian-Wei Xie, Jia-Bin Wang, Jian-Xian Lin, Qi-Yue Chen, Mi Lin, Ru-Hong Tu, Chang-Ming Huang
BACKGROUND: Due to increased life expectancy, the number of elderly patients with gastric cancer is increasing. This study was designed to determine the role of preoperative frailty (PF) as a risk factor for postoperative complications and prognosis in the oldest elderly gastric cancer patients undergoing curative resection. METHODS: A total of 165 patients older than 80 years who underwent radical gastrectomy for primary gastric cancer between 2000 and 2012 were analyzed...
November 2, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629666/approach-to-preventive-care-in-the-elderly
#9
REVIEW
Bachir Tazkarji, Robert Lam, Shawn Lee, Soumia Meiyappan
OBJECTIVE: To guide family physicians in creating preventive screening and treatment plans for their elderly patients. SOURCES OF INFORMATION: The MEDLINE database was searched for Canadian guidelines on primary health care and the elderly; guidelines or meta-analyses or practice guidelines or systematic reviews related to mass screening in those aged 80 and older and the frail elderly, limited to between 2006 and July 2016; and articles on preventive health services for the elderly related to family practice or family physicians, limited to English-language publications between 2012 and July 2016...
September 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579728/predictive-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-in-elderly-prostate-cancer-patients-the-prospective-observational-scoop-trial-results
#10
Chiara Della Pepa, Carla Cavaliere, Sabrina Rossetti, Marilena Di Napoli, Sabrina C Cecere, Anna Crispo, Carlo De Sangro, Emanuela Rossi, Dino Turitto, Domenico Germano, Gelsomina Iovane, Massimiliano Berretta, Carmine D'Aniello, Salvatore Pisconti, Luigi Maiorino, Bruno Daniele, Cesare Gridelli, Sandro Pignata, Gaetano Facchini
The Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) represents the future of the geriatric oncology to reduce toxicities and treatment-related hospitalization in the elderly. Most patients receiving docetaxel for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer are in their seventies or older. We explored the efficacy of the CGA in predicting chemotherapy feasibility and response to docetaxel in a cohort of 24 patients aged at least 70. This was an observational, prospective study involving 24 patients who were 70 years of age or older and about to start chemotherapy with docetaxel for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer; we performed a CGA including five domains and divided our patients into 'healthy' and 'frail'; the relations between general condition and (i) early chemotherapy discontinuation and (ii) response to docetaxel were explored...
January 2017: Anti-cancer Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574587/hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-elderly-patients-challenges-and-solutions
#11
REVIEW
Angélique Brunot, Samuel Le Sourd, Marc Pracht, Julien Edeline
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the second most common cause of death by cancer in the world. Due to the delayed HCC development in hepatitis C carriers and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, the incidence of HCC in the elderly is increasing and is becoming a global health issue. Elderly patients with HCC should be assessed through proper oncologic approach, namely, screening tools for frailty (Geriatric-8 or Vulnerable Elders Survey-13) and comprehensive geriatric assessment. This review of the literature supports the same treatment options for elderly patients as for younger patients, in elderly patients selected as fit following proper oncogeriatric assessment...
2016: Journal of Hepatocellular Carcinoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498596/breast-reconstruction-in-older-patients-a-literature-review-of-the-decision-making-process
#12
K E Hamnett, A Subramanian
AIM: Women not undergoing breast reconstruction after mastectomy tend to be older. This review aims to aid in effective, evidence-based choices regarding breast reconstruction in an older population, appraising the influencing patient factors described in the literature and those directing the reconstructive surgeon. This may refute current misconceptions and ensure surgical decisions are made based on evidence without ageist assumptions. The review forms the basis of an evidence-based algorithm addressing each step of the decision-making process...
October 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27406973/delivering-tailored-surgery-to-older-cancer-patients-preoperative-geriatric-assessment-domains-and-screening-tools-a-systematic-review-of-systematic-reviews
#13
REVIEW
M G Huisman, M Kok, G H de Bock, B L van Leeuwen
The onco-geriatric population is increasing and thus more and more elderly will require surgery; an important treatment modality for many cancer types. This population's heterogeneity demands preoperative risk stratification, which has led to the introduction of Geriatric Assessment (GA) and associated screening tools in surgical oncology. Many reviews have investigated the use of GA in onco-geriatric patients. Discrepancies in outcomes between studies currently hamper the implementation of a preoperative GA in clinical practice...
January 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27368883/an-introduction-to-a-head-and-neck-cancer-specific-frailty-index-and-its-clinical-implications-in-elderly-patients-a-prospective-observational-study-focusing-on-respiratory-and-swallowing-functions
#14
Minsu Kwon, Shin-Ae Kim, Jong-Lyel Roh, Sang-Wook Lee, Sung-Bae Kim, Seung-Ho Choi, Soon Yuhl Nam, Sang Yoon Kim
INTRODUCTION: Frailty refers to a decreased physiologic reserve in geriatric patients and its importance in terms of treatment planning and outcome prediction has been emphasized in oncologic practices for older patients with cancer. We investigated the clinical implications of a head and neck cancer (HNC)-specific frailty index suggested by prospective clinical and functional evaluations of HNC patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed data on 165 elderly patients with HNC who were prospectively enrolled in our hospital from 2010 to 2013...
September 2016: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349507/relevance-of-a-geriatric-assessment-for-elderly-patients-with-lung-cancer-a-systematic-review
#15
Karlijn J G Schulkes, Marije E Hamaker, Frederiek van den Bos, Leontine J R van Elden
Lung cancer is predominantly a disease of the elderly: one half of all newly diagnosed patients will be > 70 years old. In the Netherlands, > 12,000 new cases are diagnosed annually. We sought to assemble all available evidence on the relevance of a geriatric assessment for lung cancer patients. A systematic Medline and Embase search was performed for studies in which a geriatric assessment was used to detect health issues or that had addressed the association between a baseline geriatric assessment (composed of ≥ 2 of the following domains: cognitive function, mood/depression, nutritional status, activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, polypharmacy, objectively measured physical capacity, social support and frailty) and outcome...
September 2016: Clinical Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27302412/evaluation-of-prognostic-indices-in-elderly-hospitalized-patients
#16
Fiammetta Monacelli, Manuela Tafuro, Luigi Molfetta, Marina Sartini, Alessio Nencioni, Michele Cea, Roberta Borghi, Fabrizio Montecucco, Patrizio Odetti
AIM: Prognosis informs the physician's decision-making process, especially for frail older adults. So far, any non-disease-specific index has proven full evidence for routine use in clinical practice. Here, we aimed at assessing, prospectively, the calibration and discriminating accuracy of validated prognostic indices in a cohort of elderly hospitalized patients. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study that enrolled elderly patients (n = 100). The patients' assessment included clinical variables, as well as the following five prognostic indices of mortality: (i) Levine index (2007); (ii) Walter index (2001); (iii) CARING (C, primary diagnosis of cancer; A, ≥ 2 admissions to the hospital for a chronic illness within the last year; R, resident in a nursing home; I, intensive care unit admission with multiorgan failure, NG, noncancer hospice guidelines [meeting ≥ 2 of the National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization's guidelines]) criteria of Fischer (2006-2011); (iv) Silver Code of Di Bari (2010); and (v) Burden of Illness Score for Elderly Persons of Inouye (2003)...
June 15, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27206822/-impact-of-cancer-muscle-mass-loss-on-anticancer-treatment-toxicities
#17
REVIEW
Stéphanie Chemama, Bruno Raynard, Sami Antoun
Administration of targeted therapies as a flat dose and administration of chemotherapy based on body surface area do not take into account several important sources of inter-individual variation. These variations could be responsible partially for the occurrence of toxicity. Furthermore, the availability of high-resolution CT images in the record of cancer patients, from which key body composition information may be derived, allows us to study the relationship between body composition and toxicity. If many studies have highlighted this relationship, the mechanisms are not completely understood...
September 2016: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27160741/a-questionnaire-study-to-assess-the-value-of-the-vulnerable-elders-survey-g8-and-predictors-of-toxicity-as-screening-tools-for-frailty-and-toxicity-in-geriatric-cancer-patients
#18
Leopold Hentschel, Anke Rentsch, Felicitas Lenz, Beate Hornemann, Jochen Schmitt, Michael Baumann, Gerhard Ehninger, Markus Schuler
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify an appropriate screening instrument for the identification of frail elderly patients in a tertiary cancer center. In order to improve cancer care for older patients, the use of a geriatric assessment (GA) has been proposed to identify frail patients or those who are at a higher risk for chemotherapy-related toxicities. In busy clinical routine, an appropriate screening instrument could be used to spare time- and resource-consuming application of GA...
2016: Oncology Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27113770/primary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-older-adults
#19
REVIEW
Arden R Barry, Deirdre E O'Neill, Michelle M Graham
Primary prevention of cardiovascular events in older adults is challenging because of a general paucity of evidence for safe and efficacious therapy. Furthermore, there is no validated cardiovascular risk assessment tool for older adults (≥75 years of age), yet most are intermediate-to high-risk. Assessment of cardiovascular risk should include a discussion of the potential benefits and risks of therapy, and allow for incorporation of the patients' values and preferences, functionality and/or frailty, comorbidities, and concomitant medications (eg, polypharmacy, drug-drug interactions, adherence)...
September 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27077561/-a-method-for-identifying-people-with-a-high-level-of-frailty-by-using-a-population-database-varese-italy
#20
Salvatore Pisani, Maria Gambino, Lorena Balconi, Cristina Degli Stefani, Sabina Speziali, Domenico Bonarrigo
Since over 10 years, the Lombardy Region (Italy) has developed a system for classifying all persons registered with the healthcare system (database of persons registered with a general practitioner), according to their use of major healthcare services (hospitalizations, outpatient consultations, pharmaceutical) and whether they are exempt from copayment fees for disease-specific medications and healthcare services. The present study was conducted by the local health authorities of the province of Varese (Lombardy region, Italy) with 894...
January 2016: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
keyword
keyword
106814
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"