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fragility in the elderly cancer patients

Masataka Sawaki, Kenji Tamura, Akihiko Shimomura, Yumiko Taki, Fumio Nagashima, Hiroji Iwata
Information on patterns of clinical care for elderly breast cancer patients is lacking. The aims of this study are two-fold, firstly, to clarify daily practice treatments for elderly breast cancer patients in Japan, and secondly, to plan a prospective clinical trial to address unresolved clinical questions. We investigated practice care of elderly breast cancer patients in 38 institutions of the Japan Clinical Oncology Group (JCOG). Questionnaires asked: (1) definition of "elderly" for each treatment, (2) clinical standard anti-HER2 therapy in each age-group, (3) recommended docetaxel dose in each age-group, (4) considerations for future clinical trials, and (5) other information about geriatric oncology concerning breast cancer...
May 2018: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
Luke S Howard
Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is a relatively common cardiopulmonary emergency that is a major cause of hospitalization and morbidity and is the primary cause of mortality associated with venous thromboembolism (VTE). During the last decade, one of the biggest changes in the management of PE has been the approval of four non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs; apixaban, dabigatran, edoxaban and rivaroxaban) for the treatment of PE and deep vein thrombosis and secondary prevention of VTE. Areas covered: This article reviews the evolving management of PE in the NOAC era and addresses three fundamental questions: who should receive NOACs over conventional heparin/vitamin K antagonist regimens for the treatment of acute PE; should patients be treated as inpatients or outpatients; and how long should patients be treated to reduce the risk of recurrence? Expert commentary: The management of PE is changing...
May 2018: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
André Jacques Scheen
Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4is) are generally considered as glucose-lowering agents with a safe profile in type 2 diabetes. Areas covered: An updated review of recent safety data from randomised controlled trials, observational studies, meta-analyses, pharmacovigilance reports regarding alogliptin, linagliptin, saxagliptin, sitagliptin, and vildagliptin, with a special focus on risks of hypoglycemia, pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer, major cardiovascular events, hospitalisation for heart failure and other new safety issues, such as bone fractures and arthralgia...
April 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
J Remon, N Vilariño, N Reguart
Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have been incorporated in the treatment strategy of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Beyond the already approved indications in first- and second-line setting of advanced NSCLC, new data has recently emerged demonstrating its efficacy in locally advanced disease as maintenance after chemo-radiotherapy and currently several trials are also exploring its efficacy in earlier stages of the disease to evaluate whether these results could be extrapolated to the adjuvant setting...
March 2018: Cancer Treatment Reviews
Rihito Aizawa, Masato Sakamoto, Nobuaki Orito, Masanori Kono, Masakazu Ogura, Yoshiharu Negoro, Tadashi Sagoh, Kenji Tsukahara, Kazuto Komatsu, Masato Noguchi
AIM: To evaluate the clinical results of external-beam radiotherapy (EBRT) for muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) in elderly or medically-fragile patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-five consecutive patients with MIBC (cT2-4N0-1M0) receiving EBRT were retrospectively analyzed. Their median age was 82 years. Radiotherapy median dose was 60 Gy administered in 30 fractions. RESULTS: Median follow-up period was 14.7 months. Median overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were 14...
October 2017: Anticancer Research
Elena Ongaro, Vanessa Buoro, Marika Cinausero, Riccardo Caccialanza, Annalisa Turri, Valentina Fanotto, Debora Basile, Maria Grazia Vitale, Paola Ermacora, Giovanni Gerardo Cardellino, Laura Nicoletti, Lorenzo Fornaro, Andrea Casadei-Gardini, Giuseppe Aprile
Sarcopenia is a complex syndrome characterized by progressive and generalized loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength. Malignancy is a major determinant of sarcopenia, and gastric cancer (GC) is among the most common causes of this phenomenon. As sarcopenia is a well-recognized poor prognostic feature in GC and has been associated with worse tolerance of surgical and medical treatments, members of the multidisciplinary team should be aware of the clinical relevance, pathogenic mechanisms, and potential treatments for this syndrome...
July 2017: Gastric Cancer
Pilar Sáez-López, Elena Filipovich Vegas, Javier Martinez Peromingo, Sonia Jimenez Mola
Age is the biggest risk factor for colorectal cancer, with 70% of the cases in patients over 70 years old. For this reason, a review is presented on the surgical treatment and chemotherapy of cancer of colon and rectum in the elderly. A search was performed in PubMed, including words such as elderly, surgery, colorectal cancer, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and oncogeriatrics, and review articles and originals on treatment of colorectal cancer in the elderly were selected. A narrative form was developed from the latest evidence with the results obtained on the treatment of this pathology...
January 24, 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
Nuri Karadurmus, Ugur Sahin, Bilgin Bahadir Basgoz, Fikret Arpaci, Taner Demirer
Solid tumors in adults constitute a heterogeneous group of malignancy originating from various organ systems. Solid tumors are not completely curable by chemotherapy, even though some subgroups are very chemo-sensitive. Recently, oncologists have focused on the use of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) with reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) for the treatment of some refractory solid tumors. After the demonstration of allogeneic graft-versus-leukemia effect in patients with hematological malignancies who received allo-HSCT, investigators evaluated this effect in patients with refractory metastatic solid tumors...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
Yuiko Sato, Toshimi Tando, Mayu Morita, Kana Miyamoto, Tami Kobayashi, Ryuichi Watanabe, Takatsugu Oike, Morio Matsumoto, Masaya Nakamura, Takeshi Miyamoto
Rapid increases in the number of elderly people have dramatically increased the number of female and male osteoporosis patients. Osteoporosis often causes bone fragility fractures, and males exhibit particularly poor prognosis after these fractures, indicating that control of osteoporosis is crucial to maintain quality of men's lives. However, osteoporosis therapies available for men have lagged behind advances available for women. Here, we show that three selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs), namely, raloxifene, bazedoxifene, and tamoxifen, plus the vitamin D analogue ED71, also called eldecalcitol, completely block orchiectomy-induced, testosterone-depleted bone loss in male mice in vivo...
January 22, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Jon Espen Dale, Sigrun Sebjørnsen, Sabine Leh, Cornelia Rösler, Stein Aaserud, Bjørn Møller, Øystein Fluge, Christian Erichsen, Saied Nadipour, Hartwig Kørner, Frank Pfeffer, Olav Dahl
BACKGROUND: Many patients are diagnosed with an anal cancer in high ages. We here present the outcome after oncological therapy for patients above 80 years compared with younger patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A series of 213 consecutive patients was diagnosed and treated at a single institution from 1984 to 2009. The patients received similar radiation doses but with different techniques, thus progressively sparing more normal tissues. The majority of patients also had simultaneous [5-fluorouracil (5FU) and mitomycin C] or induction chemotherapy (cisplatin and 5FU)...
January 2017: Acta Oncologica
Eric Leblanc, Fabrice Narducci, Lucie Bresson, Delphine Hudry
OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of an oncologically acceptable management for an intermediate-risk endometrial cancer (EC) in an elderly, using the combination of transvaginal single-port laparoscopy and sentinel node policy. METHODS: For this 85-years old patient, BMI 32kg/m(2), with IB grade 2 endometrioid EC, a single vaginal approach was attempted [1] to perform a total hysterectomy, bilateral salpinago-oophorectomy and pelvic node assessment guided by SND [2]...
December 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Cecilia Becattini, Giancarlo Agnelli
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common disease associated with high risk for recurrences, death, and late sequelae, accounting for substantial health care costs. Anticoagulant agents are the mainstay of treatment for deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. The recent availability of oral anticoagulant agents that can be administered in fixed doses, without laboratory monitoring and dose adjustment, is a landmark change in the treatment of VTE. In Phase III trials, rivaroxaban, apixaban, edoxaban (antifactor Xa agents), and dabigatran (an antithrombin agent) were noninferior and probably safer than conventional anticoagulation therapy (low-molecular-weight heparin followed by vitamin K antagonists)...
April 26, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
M Chodez, G Fiard, V Arnoux, J-L Descotes, J-A Long
OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: To focus on indications and results of ablative treatments (cyoablation, radiofrequency) for small renal masses, a bibliographic research was conducted in MedLine database using terms of "ablative treatment", "cryotherapy", "radiofrequency", "kidney cancer", "renal cell carcinoma". Sixty-four articles were selected. RESULTS: Carcinologic outcomes seem to be better with cryoablation than with radiofrequency. Available results have to be balanced according to surgical approach, teams' experience and duration of follow-up...
July 2015: Progrès en Urologie
Miguel J Gil-Gil, M Bellet, S Morales, B Ojeda, L Manso, C Mesia, E Garcia-Martínez, N Martinez-Jáñez, M Melé, A Llombart, S Pernas, P Villagrasa, C Blasco, J Baselga
Anthracycline and taxane-based primary chemotherapy (PCT) is the standard treatment for high-risk breast cancer (HRBC). However, conventional anthracyclines are not commonly used in elderly patients or those prone to cardiotoxicity. Pegylated liposomal doxorubicin, (PLD) has comparable efficacy, but less cardiotoxicity than conventional anthracyclines. We conducted a phase II single-arm trial to assess the efficacy and safety of PCT based on PLD followed by paclitaxel (PTX) in a HRBC population usually undertreated...
June 2015: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
B Frediani, E Baraldi, G Cremonesi
A systematic review and a meta-analysis of data of literature were performed to evaluate the efficacy of clodronate in the reduction of risk of fractures in patients with osteoporosis or tumour diseases. A systematic review was conducted to identify original articles, reviews, and any other literature report suitable for the purposes of the meta-analysis, limited to prospective randomized trials that included a placebo or an untreated control arm. The search has identified 18 trials, 13 of which in patients with cancer diseases (breast cancer and multiple myeloma were prevalent), 4 in patients with osteoporosis/low BMD, and 1 in elderly women living in community...
October 2014: Calcified Tissue International
Emma Di Carlo, Carlo Sorrentino, Alessia Zorzoli, Serena Di Meo, Maria Grazia Tupone, Emanuela Ognio, Gabriella Mincione, Irma Airoldi
Prostate cancer (PCa) is of increasing significance worldwide as a consequence of the population ageing. Fragile elderly patients may particularly benefit from noninvasive and well tolerable immunotherapeutic approaches. Preclinical studies have revealed that the immune-regulatory cytokine IL-27 may exert anti-tumor activities in a variety of tumor types without discernable toxicity. We, thus, investigated whether IL-27 may function as anti-tumor agent in human (h) PCa and analyzed the rationale for its clinical application...
November 15, 2014: Oncotarget
Giacomo Piatto, Fabrizio Cardin, Renata Lorenzetti, Franco Mazzalai, Claudio Terranova, Carmelo Militello
This work investigates the prognostic role of advanced age as a risk factor for recurrence in a population of patients undergoing surgery for N0 stage colon cancer, and also evaluates whether that role is affected by tumor location. A population of 129 consecutive patients who underwent radical surgery for N0 stage colon cancer was selected. Patients were subdivided into three age groups: <65, 65-80 and >80. The only correlation found in the examined population between age and clinical-pathological features was between advanced age (>80) and tumor location in the right side of the colon...
June 2012: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Yong Sang Hong, Kyung Hae Jung, Hwa Jung Kim, Kyu-Pyo Kim, Sun Young Kim, Jae-Lyun Lee, Byoung Yong Shim, Dae Young Zang, Jee Hyun Kim, Joong Bae Ahn, Young Suk Park, Tae Won Kim
BACKGROUND: To compare 2 different strategies of chemotherapy for elderly metastatic colorectal cancer patients. METHODS: This randomized, multicenter phase II study involved 80 metastatic colorectal cancer patients aged 70 years and above (performance status [PS] 0-2) or 65 years and above (PS 2), randomly assigned to arm A (capecitabine 1250 mg/m twice daily on days 1-14) or arm B (capecitabine 1000 mg/m twice daily on days 1-14, oxaliplatin 100 mg/m on day 1 initially, 130 mg/m for subsequent cycles)...
December 2013: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
Andrew D Bunta
The current status of the population's bone health has caused considerable concern in the USA and around the world. In keeping with that situation, the US Surgeon General issued a special report on Bone Health and Osteoporosis in 2004 calling attention to a rapidly increasing healthcare problem especially linked to a growing and aging population base. The report specifically cited the medical profession's failure to treat the underlying osteoporosis in elderly individuals with fragility fractures with a 20% treatment rate as the norm...
August 2011: Osteoporosis International
L Sifer-Rivière, O Saint-Jean, M Gisselbrecht, T Cudennec, V Girre
BACKGROUND: Pilot Oncogeriatric Coordination Units (UPCOGs) were created by the French National Cancer Institute (INCA) in order to implement routine geriatric assessment of all cancer patients over 75 years of age. This article examines the role of geriatric and oncologic tools in the organization of medical oncogeriatric activities, focusing on the role and place of geriatricians. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative sociological survey in the West Paris Oncogeriatric Program (POGOP), one of the Pilot Oncogeriatric Coordination Units (UPCOGs) recently created in France...
October 2011: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
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