Read by QxMD icon Read

Renal trauma in children

Camille Overs, Youssef Teklali, Bernard Boillot, Delphine Poncet, Pierre-Yves Rabattu, Yohan Robert, Christian Piolat
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the management and long term renal function with DMSA scintigraphy in pediatric severe traumatic kidney injury (STKI) grade IV (STKI IV) and V (STKI V) at the trauma center of Grenoble Teaching Hospital. METHODS: This is a single-center observational retrospective study between 2004 and 2014. All children under the age of 15 managed at the Grenoble teaching Hospital for a STKI IV or V were included. The trauma grade was radiologically diagnosed on arrival at hospital, using the classification of the American Association for Surgery of Trauma...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Sabrina Huq, Sherry Pejka, Dilip R Patel
Renal abscesses are uncommon in otherwise healthy children and adolescents who have no underlying renal structural anomalies. A previously healthy, immunocompetent, 14-year-old male without a history of abdominal trauma or urinary tract infection (UTI) was found to have a renal hematoma that became infected and developed into a renal abscess. He presented with a 2-day history of nausea, vomiting, fever and 1-day history of abdominal pain that radiated to the right flank. Clinical examination, blood work, and initial imaging indicated likely infection; however, findings were normal on urinalysis and urine culture had no growth...
January 2018: Translational Pediatrics
Kee Yong Wong, Ram Jeeneea, Andrew Healey, Laurence Abernethy, Harriet Corbett, Fiona McAndrew, Paul Losty
INTRODUCTION: To report the management and outcome of paediatric patients sustaining high grade blunt renal trauma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Medical records were examined for all Grade III to Grade V blunt renal trauma cases admitted to a paediatric trauma centre during the era(s) 2005 to 2015. Data collected and analysed included - demographics, imaging modalities, management, length of hospital stay, complications and follow-up outcome(s). RESULTS: 18 children (12 males, 6 females) with mean age 11 years (4 - 15) were included...
January 23, 2018: BJU International
Ben Gelbart, Renata DeMarco, Alexander David Hussey, Siva P Namachivayam, Rosemary McRae, Catherine Quinlan, Trevor Duke
OBJECTIVES: Rhabdomyolysis is a disorder of muscle breakdown. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology of rhabdomyolysis in children admitted to a PICU and to assess the relationship between peak creatinine kinase and mortality. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study in children admitted to the PICU with rhabdomyolysis between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2014. Demographic, clinical, and outcome data were recorded. Outcomes were analyzed by level of peak creatinine kinase value (0-10,000, 10,001-50,000, > 50,000IU/L)...
January 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Vasileios Rafailidis, Annamaria Deganello, Maria E Sellars, Erica Makin, Paul S Sidhu
Adrenal trauma is rarely encountered in the pediatric population, often as a component of multi-organ injury and often presenting with hematoma formation. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) is the established imaging modality both for initial evaluation and follow-up of patients with blunt abdominal trauma. In children, radiation exposure should be minimized and alternative imaging strategies are needed. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) has recently been successfully used for evaluation of patients with hepatic, renal and splenic injury...
December 2017: Journal of Ultrasound
Molly E Fuchs, Nicholas Beecroft, Daniel G Dajusta, Daryl J McLeod
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the utilization of delayed phase computed tomography (CT) imaging in blunt renal trauma and determine if the omission of delayed phase CT imaging affected clinical outcomes in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospectively collected trauma database was reviewed between 2006 and 2016 to identify patients aged ≤21 years with a diagnosis of renal injury from blunt trauma. Demographic characteristics, injury grade, Injury Severity Score, non-kidney organ injuries, radiologic studies, and clinical course were reviewed...
November 23, 2017: Urology
María Fernández-Ibieta
Children are at increased risk of renal injuries from blunt trauma. Four-phase computed tomography with intravenous contrast (noncontrast, arterial, nephrographic, and pyelographic phases) is the choice for initial imaging, although ultrasonography might also be used in children with minimal symptoms. The American Association for the Surgery of Trauma developed the known system for renal injury grading, which was modified in 2011. The management of pediatric renal injuries has largely shifted toward conservative means...
October 13, 2017: Urology
Abdurrahman Aycan, Sebahattin Celik, Fetullah Kuyumcu, Mehmet Edip Akyol, Mehmet Arslan, Erkan Dogan, Harun Arslan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Spinal bone metastases are common. They are mostly localized to the lumbar, thoracic, and cervical spine. The most common primaries to result in spinal metastases include lung, breast, and prostate carcinomas in adults as opposed to leukemia, Ewing sarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, and neuroblastoma in children. In patients diagnosed with cancer, bone metastases are found in 40% and spinal metastases in 10%. In this study, we reviewed 25 patients diagnosed with a spinal metastasis of unknown primary who presented with low back pain or acute-onset neurologic deficits and underwent operative treatment...
January 2018: World Neurosurgery
Thomas W Gaither, Mohannad A Awad, Natalia V Leva, Gregory P Murphy, Benjamin N Breyer, Hillary L Copp
PURPOSE: Efforts have been made to reduce use of computerized tomography in children with blunt abdominal injury. Computerized tomography may be overused in pediatric patients with renal trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of all renal trauma patients younger than 18 years old treated at 2 urban trauma centers from 2002 to 2016. We collected demographic and clinical characteristics, renal trauma grades, urological interventions, and timing and use of computerized tomography and renal ultrasound...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Urology
Fayza Haider, Mohammed Amin Al Awadhi, Eizat Abrar, Mooza Al Dossari, Hasan Isa, Husain Nasser, Hakima Al Hashimi, Sharif Al Arayedh
BACKGROUND: Trauma is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in the pediatric population. Blunt trauma to the abdomen accounts for the majority of abdominal injuries in children. Pancreatic injury, although uncommon (2 to 9%), is the fourth most common solid organ injury. Unlike other solid organ injuries, pancreatic trauma may be subtle and difficult to diagnose. Computed tomography currently is the imaging modality of choice. As the incidence of pancreatic injury in children sustaining blunt abdominal trauma is low, management remains a challenge...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Yuichi Ishida, Alan H Tyroch, Nader Emami, Susan F McLean
BACKGROUND: Renal trauma in the pediatric population is predominately due to blunt mechanism of injury. Our purpose was to determine the associated injuries, features, incidence, management, and outcomes of kidney injuries resulting from blunt trauma in the pediatric population in a single level I trauma center. METHODS: This was a retrospective chart and trauma registry review of all pediatric blunt renal injuries at a regional level I trauma center that provides care to injured adults and children...
July 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
P Faé, A Schröder, W H Rösch, R Stein
Isolated injuries of the genitourinary tract are rare, with the kidney being the most frequently affected organ, especially in situations of polytrauma. Overall, the genitourinary tract is involved in approximately 3 % of all children suffering polytrauma accidents. The literature and international guidelines provide clear therapeutic concepts with a consensus on the diagnosis and treatment of renal trauma, both for the treatment of adults and for children and adolescents. However, the most common injuries to the external genitalia in children and adolescents are caused by blunt trauma, abrasion, bruising, and piling...
September 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
Wenjia Tong, Conglei Song, Danqun Jin, Jingmin Sun, Yating Wang, Daliang Xu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the sedation and anti-inflammatory effects of dexmedetomidine and midazolam on critical ill children with multiple trauma. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted. Sixty-five critical ill children with multiple trauma admitted to pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of Anhui Province Children's Hospital from January 2014 to September 2016 were enrolled, who were randomly divided into dexmedetomidine group (33 cases) and midazolam group (32 cases)...
June 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Charlotte Q Wu, Israel Franco
Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is a significant risk factor for pyelonephritis and renal scarring. VUR can occur through a defective ureterovesical junction (UVJ) or an overwhelmed normal UVJ mechanism such as in bladder dysfunction of congenital, acquired, or behavioral etiology. There are numerous causes for the development of a neurogenic bladder from spinal dysraphisms to spinal cord trauma and even centrally based abnormalities in children with apparently normal motor function (inappropriately termed nonneurogenic neurogenic bladder)...
June 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
Claudia Mandato, Alessandro Rossi, Mariano Caldore, Marta Lamba, Michele Rocco, Renata Auricchio, Pietro Vajro, Paolo Siani
BACKGROUND: Rhabdomyolysis is a rare, potentially life-threatening condition, caused by multiple disorders. The association with Coeliac Disease (CD) has been rarely reported and in these cases muscular damage was imputed to hypokalemia. Herein we describe a new case of severe rhabdomyolysis in a child subsequently diagnosed as affected by CD, and review previous reports. CASE PRESENTATION: A 3-year-old boy was referred for diarrhea, brown urine, muscular pain/weakness, and no history of muscular trauma...
June 9, 2017: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
Richard S Mangus, Weston J Bush, Christina Miller, Chandrashekhar A Kubal
OBJECTIVES: Malnutrition and wasting predict clinical outcomes in children with severe chronic illness. Objectively calculated malnutrition in children with end-stage organ failure has not been well studied. This analysis compares children with kidney, liver or intestine failure to healthy controls to quantitate the disparity in muscle and fat stores. METHODS: Children younger than 19 years with end-stage liver, kidney, or intestine failure and with pretransplant computed tomography (CT) imaging were selected from the transplant database...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Thomas Bjørsum-Meyer, Lars Rasmussen, Lars Lund, Niels Qvist
Lesion of the kidney is found in 10% of children with a blunt abdominal trauma. Conservative treatment regimens are generally accepted for mild traumatic renal injury. No consensus exists regarding treatment of more severe traumatic renal lesion in children. Strategy for imaging and follow-up has also been unclear. Recent studies suggest successful conservative treatment of severe renal injury without complications. We present existing knowledge on treatment and follow-up in children with renal trauma.
May 22, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Carly R Richards, Margaret E Clark, Ronald S Sutherland, Russell K Woo
Children are at higher risk of renal injury from blunt trauma than adults due to a variety of anatomic factors such as decreased perirenal fat, weaker abdominal muscles, and a less ossified thoracic cage. Non-operative management is gaining in popularity for even major injuries, although there are no universally accepted guidelines. We present a retrospective review of pediatric major blunt renal injuries (grade 3 or higher) at a children's hospital in Hawai'i over a 5-year period. Medical records were examined between January 2009 and September 2014 from Kapi'olani Medical Center for Women and Children in Honolulu, Hawai'i...
May 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
Yechiel Sweed, Jonathan Singer-Jordan, Sorin Papura, Norman Loberant, Alon Yulevich
BACKGROUND: Trauma is the leading cause of childhood morbidity and mortality. Abdominal bleeding is one of the common causes of mortality due to trauma. Angiography and embolization are well recognized as the primary treatments in certain cases of acute traumatic hemorrhage in adults; however, evidence is lacking in the pediatric population. OBJECTIVES: To assess the safety and efficacy of transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) for blunt and penetrating abdominal and pelvic trauma in the pediatric age group...
November 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
Karin Hirsch, Marco Heinz, Bernd Wullich
Trauma refers to the destruction of tissues or organs by external forces and it is the most common cause of mortality and morbidity in children (1, 2). Injuries of the genitourinary tract may be the result of blunt (falls, sport injuries, motor vehicle accidents and sexual abuse) or penetrating (stab wounds, gun shots, falling onto sharp objects) injuries. The genitourinary tract is significantly injured in 2.9% of paediatric trauma patients 4.In the paediatric population, the kidney is the most affected organ in the genitourinary tract (>60% of all genitourinary tract injuries) 4...
February 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"