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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223771/comparative-studies-of-social-buffering-a-consideration-of-approaches-terminology-and-pitfalls
#1
REVIEW
Yasushi Kiyokawa, Michael B Hennessy
KIYOKAWA, Y. and HENNESSY, M.B. Social buffering of stress responses: A consideration of approaches, terminology, and pitfalls…NEUROSCI BIOBEHAV REV XXX-XXX, .- Over the past decades, there has been an increasing number of investigations of the impact of social variables on neural, endocrine, and immune outcomes. Among these are studies of "social buffering"-or the phenomenon by which affiliative social partners mitigate the response to stressors. Yet, as social buffering studies have become more commonplace, the variety of approaches taken, definitions employed, and divergent results obtained in different species can lead to confusion and miscommunication...
December 6, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223315/metal-free-full-arch-fixed-prosthesis-for-edentulous-mandible-rehabilitation-on-four-implants
#2
Alfredo Passaretti, Giulia Petroni, Giovanna Miracolo, Valeria Savoia, Angelo Perpetuini, Andrea Cicconetti
PURPOSE: The goal of this work is to describe an implant-prosthetic protocol for rehabilitation of edentulous mandible, by using a fixed prosthesis made of fiber-reinforced composite material (FRC). The protocol contemplates a minimal invasive surgery and ensures predictable and safe results, with good aesthetic and performance combined to cost savings. METHODS: FRC material is used to build the substructure of a prosthetic framework supported by four short implants (5mm long and 4mm wide)...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222249/thrombocytopenia-in-pregnancy
#3
REVIEW
Douglas B Cines, Lisa D Levine
Thrombocytopenia develops in 5% to 10% of women during pregnancy or in the immediate postpartum period. A low platelet count is often an incidental feature, but it might also provide a biomarker of a coexisting systemic or gestational disorder and a potential reason for a maternal intervention or treatment that might pose harm to the fetus. This chapter reflects our approach to these issues with an emphasis on advances made over the past 5 to 10 years in understanding and managing the more common causes of thrombocytopenia in pregnancy...
December 8, 2017: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220375/construction-and-validation-of-a-psychometric-scale-to-measure-awareness-on-consumption-of-irradiated-foods
#4
Tiago Rusin, Wilma Maria Coelho Araújo, Cristiane Faiad, Helio de Carvalho Vital
Although food irradiation has been used to ensure food safety, most consumers are unaware of the basic concepts of irradiation, misinterpreting information and demonstrating a negative attitude toward food items treated with ionizing radiation. This research is aimed at developing a tool to assess the awareness on the consumption of irradiated food. The sample was composed by employees from different social classes and school levels of Brazilian universities, who reflect the end-users of the irradiated foods, representative of the views of lay consumers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218723/how-do-our-values-inform-ethical-research-a-narrative-of-recognizing-colonizing-practices
#5
Peta Dzidic, Brian Bishop
How do you reconcile tensions between ethical research practice, personal values, and disciplinary values? This article focuses on an ethical challenge involving the engagement of rural Indigenous community members that emerged during my PhD fieldwork. The narrative illustrates the necessity to engage in critical reflexive research practice, a process which saw me respond to my own feelings of "wrong" and "right," contemplate a distinction between procedural ethics and virtue ethics in community-based research, explore colonizing research practices, and endeavor to reconcile an instance where the values of community psychology appeared in contest...
December 7, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215340/a-report-of-brugada-syndrome-presenting-with-cardiac-arrest-triggered-by-verapamil-intoxication
#6
Kahraman Yakut, İlkay Erdoğan, Birgül Varan, İlyas Atar
BACKGROUND: Brugada syndrome is a disease characterized by a specific electrocardiographic pattern and an increased risk of sudden cardiac death. We present this case with the updated literature to emphasise the need to consider the diagnosis of Brugada syndrome in patients admitted to the emergency ward with sudden cardiac arrest. CASE REPORT: A 16-year-old female patient was admitted to the emergency ward with complaints of weakness and abdominal pain, and she had four cardiac arrests during her evaluation period...
December 1, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212578/to-treat-or-not-to-treat-the-effects-of-pain-on-experimental-parameters
#7
Norman C Peterson, Elizabeth A Nunamaker, Patricia V Turner
A common dilemma faced by all animal bioethics committees arises when exceptions are proposed to the use of analgesics in painful procedures. The committee and researcher must weigh the possible confounding effects of including additional drugs (analgesics) in their treatment regimen against the moral obligation to perform humane research. Often neglected in these considerations are the potential confounding effects of unrelieved pain and consistency with pain-relieving practices in human medicine. In this review, we summarize what is currently known regarding the molecular and physiologic effects of pain and analgesics in common animal models used across several therapeutic areas...
December 1, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212386/efficacy-and-safety-of-sotagliflozin-in-treating-diabetes-type-1
#8
Marc S Rendell
INTRODUCTION: Sotagliflozin is the first dual SGLT1/SGLT2 inhibitor developed for use in diabetes. Sotagliflozin blocks SGLT2 in the kidneys and SGLT1 in the intestines resulting in reduced early phase glucose absorption and increased blood levels of GLP-1 and PYY. Urinary glucose excretion is lower than with other agents as a result of decreased glucose absorption. The primary development effort to date has been in Type 1 diabetes. AREAS COVERED: The published information on sotagliflozin is reviewed, along with the recent results of several pivotal Type 1 diabetes trials...
December 7, 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208482/what-motivates-women-to-breastfeed-in-lebanon-an-exploratory-qualitative-analysis
#9
BouDiab Sarah, Werle Carolina
This exploratory qualitative study examined the influence of injunctive and descriptive norms on breastfeeding, a health-improving behaviour related to a highly committed personal decision. The research explores the different mechanisms through which social norms impact breastfeeding behaviour pre or post-adoption of breastfeeding practice. A qualitative approach was used by performing in-depth analysis of cross-sectional accounts of women in Lebanon contemplating adoption of breastfeeding practice and women who already breastfed...
December 2, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206030/a-decade-of-the-protein-corona
#10
Pu Chun Ke, Sijie Lin, Wolfgang J Parak, Thomas P Davis, Frank Caruso
In this Perspective, we reflect on a decade of research on the protein corona and contemplate its broad implications for future science and engineering at the bio-nano interface. Specifically, we focus on the physical origins and time evolution of the protein corona, differences in the nanoparticle-protein entity in in vitro and in vivo environments, the role of stealth polymers to minimize the formation of the protein corona, relevant computational and theoretical developments, and the "biocorona", a concept extrapolated from the field of nanomedicine...
December 5, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201475/a-rare-case-of-glioblastoma-multiforme-with-osseous-metastases
#11
Rubens Barros Costa, Ricardo Costa, Jason Kaplan, Marcelo Rocha Cruz, Hiral Shah, Maria Matsangou, Benedito Carneiro
Glioblastoma multiforme is the most common malignant primary central nervous system neoplasm in adults. It has a very aggressive natural history with a median overall survival estimated at 14.6 months despite multimodality treatment. Extracranial metastases are very rare with few case reports published to date. We report the case of a 65-year-old male who underwent maximal safe resection for a newly diagnosed brain mass after presentation with new neurologic symptoms. He then received standard postsurgical adjuvant treatment for glioblastoma...
2017: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200545/self-interest-may-not-be-entirely-in-the-interest-of-the-self-association-between-selflessness-dispositional-mindfulness-and-psychological-well-being
#12
Adam W Hanley, Anne K Baker, Eric L Garland
The association between mindfulness and selflessness is firmly grounded in classical Indo-Sino-Tibetan contemplative traditions, but has received limited empirical attention from Western researchers. In Buddhism, the relationship between mindfulness and the self is of central concern to the cultivation of well-being. Mindfulness is believed to encourage insight into the truly insubstantial nature of the self, an understanding that is thought to encourage well-being. The present study explores these relationships, attending to dispositional mindfulness, the self as it exists on a continuum from self-centered to selfless, and psychological well-being...
October 15, 2017: Personality and Individual Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200149/childhood-and-adolescent-cancer-in-the-state-of-pernambuco-brazil-incidence-geographical-distribution-and-association-with-environmental-health-indicators
#13
Lídia N V Bastos, José C Silveira, Carlos F Luna, Norma Lucena-Silva
Cases of childhood and adolescent cancer diagnosed from 2009 to 2012 in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil, were analyzed considering the patients' sex and age, the type of cancer and the municipality of living to determine the incidence, geographical distribution, and association with environmental health indicators. The spatial distribution pattern of the cancer incidence was estimated using the Global Moran's index. The association between environmental health indicators and cancer incidence was evaluated by multiple regression...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199898/conditional-effects-of-gain-loss-framed-narratives-among-current-smokers-at-different-stages-of-change
#14
Hye Kyung Kim, Tae Kyoung Lee
This study examines how current smokers respond differently to gain-loss-framed antismoking narratives depending on their stages of change to quit smoking. An experiment (N = 461) was conducted with a 2 (narrative perspective: first person vs. third person) × 2 (framing: gain vs. loss) factorial design having smoker's stage of change (precontemplation vs. contemplation/preparation) as a moderator. We observed differential framing effects depending on smoker's current stages of change only when they were exposed to first-person narratives...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198528/an-integrative-review-of-the-enjoyment-of-sadness-associated-with-music
#15
REVIEW
Tuomas Eerola, Jonna K Vuoskoski, Henna-Riikka Peltola, Vesa Putkinen, Katharina Schäfer
The recent surge of interest towards the paradoxical pleasure produced by sad music has generated a handful of theories and an array of empirical explorations on the topic. However, none of these have attempted to weigh the existing evidence in a systematic fashion. The present work puts forward an integrative framework laid out over three levels of explanation - biological, psycho-social, and cultural - to compare and integrate the existing findings in a meaningful way. First, we review the evidence pertinent to experiences of pleasure associated with sad music from the fields of neuroscience, psychophysiology, and endocrinology...
November 23, 2017: Physics of Life Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197987/surgery-in-adenomyosis
#16
Marco Aurelio Pinho Oliveira, Claudio Peixoto Crispi, Leila Cristina Brollo, Claudio Peixoto Crispi, Rudy Leon De Wilde
INTRODUCTION: Adenomyosis is defined as the presence of endometrial glands and stroma within the myometrium. The true prevalence is unknown and has been reported to range from 1 to 70%. It has a significantly negative impact on women's quality of life, causing abnormal uterine bleeding, dysmenorrhea, and chronic pelvic pain. The definitive treatment for adenomyosis is hysterectomy, although it does not contemplate patients who wish to preserve their fertility. The aim of this paper is to discuss the latest evidence on the surgical techniques for the treatment of adenomyosis published in medical-scientific databases...
December 2, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196289/poly-3-hydroxybutyrate-functionalization-with-biof-tagged-recombinant-proteins
#17
Daniel Bello-Gil, Beatriz Maestro, Jennifer Fonseca, Nina Dinjaski, M Auxiliadora Prieto, Jesús M Sanz
Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are biodegradable polyesters that accumulate in the cytoplasm of certain bacteria. One promising biotechnological application of these biopolymers contemplates its utilization as supports for protein immobilization. Here, the PHA-binding domain of the Pseudomonas putida KT2440 PhaF phasin (BioF polypeptide) was investigated as affinity tag for in vitro functionalization of poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) particles with recombinant proteins, namely full-length PhaF and two fusion proteins tagged to BioF (BioF-C-LytA and BioF- β-galactosidase, containing the choline-binding module C-LytA and the β-galactosidase enzyme, respectively)...
December 1, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195588/characteristics-and-clinical-treatment-of-tobacco-smokers-enrolled-in-a-va-substance-use-disorders-clinic
#18
Julie C Gass, David H Morris, Jamie Winters, Joseph W VanderVeen, Stephen Chermack
Individuals with a substance use disorder (SUD) diagnosis are more than twice as likely to smoke cigarettes as the general population. Emerging research has suggested that treating a substance use disorder simultaneously with tobacco use leads to a higher rate of treatment success for both substances. Despite this, substance use treatment protocols tend not to focus on tobacco use; in fact, traditional substance use treatments often discourage patients from attempting to quit smoking. One rationale is that patients may not be motivated to quit smoking...
January 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195388/saturation-of-the-photoneutralization-of-a-h-beam-in-continuous-operation
#19
D Bresteau, C Blondel, C Drag
An unprecedented, greater than 50%, photodetachment rate is obtained on a H- beam in the continuous regime. The key element of the experimental setup is a medium-finesse optical cavity, suspended around the anion beam, which makes it possible to recycle the photon flux in the interaction region, at the crossing between the anion and laser beams. The cavity is injected by a narrow-linewidth ytterbium-doped fibre laser, at the wavelength 1064 nm. The light power stored in the cavity is about 14 kW for 24 W of input light power...
November 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185410/parvovirus-b19-a-rare-cause-of-post-renal-transplant-anemia
#20
Waqar Ahmed, Rizwan Ul Haq Dogar, Sumit Acharya
Parvovirus B19 infection should be contemplated as one of the differential diagnoses of persistent anemia in transplanted patients. There must be high index of suspicion of Parvovirus B19, when post-transplant patients present with refractory and severe anemia with reticulocytopenia and all the other common causes of anemia such as blood loss, adverse effects of immunosuppressant agents and graft dysfunction has been ruled out. In suspected patients, diagnosis is confirmed by serological tests (IgM and IgG), PCR from blood and/or bone marrow and by bone marrow biopsy finding of pure red cell aplasia...
December 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
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