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Contemplative

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099330/clarifying-the-debate-on-population-based-screening-for-breast-cancer-with-mammography-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials-on-mammography-with-bayesian-meta-analysis-and-causal-model
#1
Tony Hsiu-Hsi Chen, Amy Ming-Fang Yen, Jean Ching-Yuan Fann, Paula Gordon, Sam Li-Sheng Chen, Sherry Yueh-Hsia Chiu, Chen-Yang Hsu, King-Jen Chang, Won-Chul Lee, Khay Guan Yeoh, Hiroshi Saito, Supannee Promthet, Chisato Hamashima, Alimin Maidin, Fredie Robinson, Li-Zhong Zhao
BACKGROUND: The recent controversy about using mammography to screen for breast cancer based on randomized controlled trials over 3 decades in Western countries has not only eclipsed the paradigm of evidence-based medicine, but also puts health decision-makers in countries where breast cancer screening is still being considered in a dilemma to adopt or abandon such a well-established screening modality. METHODS: We reanalyzed the empirical data from the Health Insurance Plan trial in 1963 to the UK age trial in 1991 and their follow-up data published until 2015...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086921/a-randomized-controlled-trial-focusing-on-socio-economic-status-for-promoting-vegetable-intake-among-adults-using-a-web-based-nutrition-intervention-programme-study-protocol
#2
Saki Nakamura, Takayo Inayama, Takashi Arao
BACKGROUND: Web-based nutritional education programmes appear to be comparable to those delivered face-to-face. However, no existing web-based nutrition education or similar programme has yet been evaluated with consideration of socio-economic status. The objective of a nutritional education programme of promoting vegetable intake designed a randomized controlled trial (RCT) is to evaluate the results of intervention and to determine how socio-economic status influences the programme effects...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068833/learning-curve-for-laparoendoscopic-single-incision-donor-nephrectomy-implications-for-laparoendoscopic-practice-and-training
#3
Christoph Troppmann, Chandrasekar Santhanakrishnan, Ghaneh Fananapazir, Kathrin Troppmann, Richard Perez
BACKGROUND: The learning curve for laparoendoscopic single incision live donor nephrectomy, which is technically more complex than the multi-port conventional laparoendoscopic approach, is unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study, we analyzed the learning curve of the initial 114 consecutive single incision laparoendoscopic nephrectomies performed in nonselected live kidney donors. RESULTS: Median donor BMI was 26 kg/m2 (range, 20 to 34)...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059960/-contemplating-the-next-maneuver-functional-neuroimaging-reveals-intraoperative-decision-making-strategies
#4
Daniel Richard Leff, Gabriella Yongue, Ivo Vlaev, Felipe Orihuela-Espina, David James, Michael J Taylor, Thanos Athanasiou, Ray Dolan, Guang-Zhong Yang, Ara Darzi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate differences in the quality, confidence, and consistency of intraoperative surgical decision making (DM) and using functional neuroimaging expose decision systems that operators use. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Novices are hypothesized to use conscious analysis (effortful DM) leading to activation across the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, whereas experts are expected to use unconscious automation (habitual DM) in which decisions are recognition-primed and prefrontal cortex independent...
February 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056699/functional-chronic-venous-disease-a-systematic-review
#5
Raffaele Serra, Michele Andreucci, Giovanni De Caridi, Mafalda Massara, Pasquale Mastroroberto, Stefano de Franciscis
Objectives Functional chronic venous disease is an underestimated syndrome quite present in the general population. It affects up to 20% of the general population and is based on the presence of venous symptoms without instrumental evidence of anatomic and morphologic damage. The aim of this review article is to provide the reader with the most updated information on this phenomenon. Methods Medline and Scopus databases were searched without time limit using the key-word: 'Functional chronic venous disease of legs', C0s patients...
January 1, 2017: Phlebology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049860/why-should-we-contemplate-on-gender-difference-in-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders
#6
EDITORIAL
Jaehoon Jahng, Yong Sung Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2017: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047032/su-f-e-08-medical-physics-as-a-teaching-tool-for-high-school-science-curriculum
#7
L Buckley
PURPOSE: Delivering high school science curriculum in a timely manner and in way that is accessible to all students is a challenge for teachers. Although many high schools offer career workshops, these are typically directed at senior students and do not relate directly to details of the curriculum. The objective of this initiative was to create a series of lectures that use medical physics to relate many aspects of the high school science curriculum to tangible clinical applications and to introduce students to alternate pathways into a career in health sciences...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043715/patients-learning-and-understanding-during-their-breast-cancer-trajectory
#8
Lena Engqvist Boman, Kerstin Sandelin, Yvonne Wengström, Charlotte Silén
OBJECTIVE: To explore how women learn and understand their disease, treatment, care, and life-situation during a breast cancer trajectory. METHOD: Semi-structured individual interviews were performed with 16 women suffering from breast cancer. Qualitative content analysis of data was performed. RESULTS: Three themes describe the women's learning; Interacting with a diversity of information: women interact with a vast amount of information, including perceptions of bodily sensations and events...
December 23, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042346/associations-among-dispositional-mindfulness-self-compassion-and-executive-function-proficiency-in-early-adolescents
#9
Hee-Sung Shin, David S Black, Eleanor Tate Shonkoff, Nathaniel R Riggs, Mary Ann Pentz
The study objective was to examine the effects of two conceptually related constructs, self-compassion and dispositional mindfulness, on executive function (EF) proficiency among early adolescents. Executive function refers to a set of psychological processes governing emotional regulation, organization, and planning. While the benefits of positive psychology appear evident for mental health and wellness, little is known about the etiological relationship between dispositional mindfulness and self-compassion in their associations with EF...
December 2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041988/lvads-and-contemplations-on-a-flood
#10
EDITORIAL
Susan M Joseph
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2016: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033479/subjective-estimation-of-health-literacy-what-is-measured-by-the-hls-eu-scale-and-how-is-it-linked-to-empowerment
#11
Joachim Gerich, Robert Moosbrugger
A recently published study introduced a new instrument (HLS-EU) for the measurement of health literacy (HL) and comparative data at population level for this measure across eight European Union (EU) countries, and revealed significant differences in HL at population level. The HLS-EU instrument consists of items that aim to assess respondents' estimation of difficulties regarding different health-related tasks, and it is therefore a measure of subjective HL. With help of a two-step approach, the present study, which was conducted in Austria, aimed to investigate individual experiences and factors that are associated with high or low values of subjective HL as measured by the HLS-EU scale...
December 29, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031589/profile-of-young-suicide-attempt-survivors-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-puducherry
#12
Anand Lingeswaran
CONTEXT: Puducherry has the highest suicide prevalence rate in India by 2014, predominantly among the 14-30 years age group. AIMS: The aim of the present study is to study the characteristics of adolescent and youth suicide attempters in Puducherry and measure the suicide intent. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: An observational study of 6 months duration was conducted in the Department of Psychiatry, at Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College and Hospital, Puducherry, India...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031068/what-defines-mindfulness-based-programs-the-warp-and-the-weft
#13
R S Crane, J Brewer, C Feldman, J Kabat-Zinn, S Santorelli, J M G Williams, W Kuyken
There has been an explosion of interest in mindfulness-based programs (MBPs) such as Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy. This is demonstrated in increased research, implementation of MBPs in healthcare, educational, criminal justice and workplace settings, and in mainstream interest. For the sustainable development of the field there is a need to articulate a definition of what an MBP is and what it is not. This paper provides a framework to define the essential characteristics of the family of MBPs originating from the parent program MBSR, and the processes which inform adaptations of MBPs for different populations or contexts...
December 29, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030741/effects-of-contemplative-dyads-on-engagement-and-perceived-social-connectedness-over-9-months-of-mental-training-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Bethany E Kok, Tania Singer
Importance: Loneliness is a risk factor for depression and other illnesses and may be caused and reinforced by maladaptive social cognition. Secularized classical meditation training programs address social cognition, but practice typically occurs alone. Little is known about the effectiveness of contemplative practice performed in dyads. Objective: To introduce and assess the effectiveness of contemplative dyadic practices relative to classical-solitary meditation with regard to engagement and perceived social connectedness...
December 28, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030661/varieties-of-contemplative-practice
#15
Richard J Davidson, Cortland J Dahl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 28, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024549/temporary-mechanical-circulatory-support-in-cardiac-critical-care-a-state-of-the-art-review-and-algorithm-for-device-selection
#16
REVIEW
A Dave Nagpal, Rohit K Singal, Rakesh C Arora, Yoan Lamarche
With more than 60 years of continuous development and improvement, a variety of temporary mechanical circulatory support (MCS) devices and implantation strategies exist, each with unique advantages and disadvantages. A thorough understanding of each available device is essential for optimizing patient outcomes in a fiscally responsible manner. In this state of the art review we examine the entire range of commonly available peripheral and centrally cannulated temporary MCS devices, including intra-aortic balloon pumps, the Impella (Abiomed, Danvers, MA) family of microaxial pumps, the TandemHeart (CardiacAssist Inc, Pittsburg, PA) pump and percutaneous cannulas, centrally cannulated centrifugal pumps such as the CentriMag (Thoratec Corp, Pleasanton, CA/St Jude Medical, St Paul, MN/Abbott Laboratories, Abbott Park, IL) and Rotaflow (Maquet Holding BV & Co KG, Rastatt Germany), and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation...
January 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002137/the-lifestyle-change-experiences-of-cancer-survivors
#17
Shiow-Luan Tsay, Wang-Sheng Ko, Kuan-Pin Lin
BACKGROUND: Leading a healthy lifestyle not only alleviates the physical problems but also improves the quality of life of cancer survivors. Healthcare professionals should understand the benefits of altering lifestyle behaviors to provide effective intervention programs to assist cancer survivors to improve their health. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to understand the experiences of cancer survivors in changing their lifestyle after a cancer diagnosis. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive study was conducted on 13 cancer survivors who were sampled purposively from a regional teaching hospital in central Taiwan...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996008/unusual-marine-unicellular-symbiosis-with-the-nitrogen-fixing-cyanobacterium-ucyn-a
#18
REVIEW
Jonathan P Zehr, Irina N Shilova, Hanna M Farnelid, Maria Del Carmen Muñoz-MarínCarmen, Kendra A Turk-Kubo
Nitrogen fixation - the reduction of dinitrogen (N2) gas to biologically available nitrogen (N) - is an important source of N for terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. In terrestrial environments, N2-fixing symbioses involve multicellular plants, but in the marine environment these symbioses occur with unicellular planktonic algae. An unusual symbiosis between an uncultivated unicellular cyanobacterium (UCYN-A) and a haptophyte picoplankton alga was recently discovered in oligotrophic oceans. UCYN-A has a highly reduced genome, and exchanges fixed N for fixed carbon with its host...
December 20, 2016: Nature Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990282/the-complement-system-an-evolution-in-progress
#19
REVIEW
Berhane Ghebrehiwet
The complement system, which consists of three independent but interacting pathways, constitutes a powerful arm of innate immunity. Its major function is to recognize and destroy pathogenic microorganisms as well as eliminate modified self-antigens. Although it is a fine-tuned system with innate capacity to discriminate self from non-self as well as danger from non-danger signals, an unwarranted activation can nonetheless occur and cause tissue destruction. To prevent such activation, specific regulators present both in plasma and on the cell surface tightly control it...
2016: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990133/editorial-interoception-contemplative-practice-and-health
#20
EDITORIAL
Norman Farb, Wolf E Mehling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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