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Monica Tang, Kate Webber
Cancer survivors are increasing as improvements in cancer diagnosis and treatment translate to improved outcomes. As cancer survivors in their reproductive years contemplate pregnancy, it is important to understand the impact of cancer and its treatment on fertility and pregnancy outcomes. Cancer treatments such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy can affect patients' fertility, and strategies are available to help preserve the future fertility of survivors. The potential impact of previous cancer diagnoses and treatments on pregnancy and maternal and fetal outcomes needs to be assessed and discussed with survivors, with support from materno-fetal medicine specialists and high-risk antenatal services as needed...
September 2018: Obstetric Medicine
Tal Dotan Ben-Soussan, Joseph Glicksohn
Time estimation is an important component of the ability to organize and plan sequences of actions as well as cognitive functions, both of which are known to be altered in dyslexia. While attention deficits are accompanied by short Time Productions (TPs), expert meditators have been reported to produce longer durations, and this seems to be related to their increased attentional resources. In the current study, we examined the effects of a month of Quadrato Motor Training (QMT), which is a structured sensorimotor training program that involves sequencing of motor responses based on verbal commands, on TP using a pre-post design...
2018: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
Sabrina Y Stanley, Karen L Maxwell
The battle for survival between bacteria and bacteriophages (phages) is an arms race where bacteria develop defenses to protect themselves from phages and phages evolve counterstrategies to bypass these defenses. CRISPR-Cas adaptive immune systems represent a widespread mechanism by which bacteria protect themselves from phage infection. In response to CRISPR-Cas, phages have evolved protein inhibitors known as anti-CRISPRs. Here, we describe the discovery and mechanisms of action of anti-CRISPR proteins. We discuss the potential impact of anti-CRISPRs on bacterial evolution, speculate on their evolutionary origins, and contemplate the possible next steps in the CRISPR-Cas evolutionary arms race...
September 12, 2018: Annual Review of Genetics
Stella Fatović-Ferenčić, Jasenka Ferber Bogdan
This paper presents the role of Eugen Viktor Feller, a pharmacist and factory owner, with an emphasis on his marketing strategy in advertising his pharmacy specialty Elsa. Various types of contemporary press and advertising leaflets and packaging were used as a starting point for analysis. The abundance of the collected material provided an insight into Feller's communication strategy of the approach to consumers, comparing advertising in different media and time spans. Following the appearance and elaboration of visual communication phenomena as part of family interest, approaches and advances in the development of advertising in the projects of Feller's sons Miroslav and Ferdinand were presented...
June 2018: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Wen Chen, Xiao-Han Zhang, H-Houser Shannon, Xue-Dong Zhou, Xing Qu
OBJECTIVE: This study considered Chengdu, Sichuan, China as an example to investigate the dental service utilization by foreigners and its influencing factors. Results of the study can be referred by dental practitioners to explore international development of dental services and can be provided for health policy makers to formulate oral health policies for immigrants. METHODS: A simple random sampling method with a questionnaire was designed based on Anderson's health utilization model and "Oral Health Questionnaire for Adults" by the World Health Organization...
August 1, 2018: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
Emma M Williams, John Rose
BACKGROUND: Research exploring nonpharmacological interventions for individuals with intellectual disability and personality disorder was reviewed. This should prove valuable to services and professionals contemplating how to offer interventions for these individuals. METHOD: A systematic search of electronic databases was conducted. Articles were considered for inclusion according to criteria based on the PICOS model. The quality of the research was assessed utilizing the evaluative method for determining evidence-based practice...
September 4, 2018: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
Victoria L Champion, Shannon M Christy, William Rakowski, Wambui G Gathirua-Mwangi, Will L Tarver, Lisa Carter-Harris, Andrea A Cohee, Andrew R Marley, Nenette M Jessup, Erika Biederman, Carla D Kettler, Timothy E Stump, Patrick Monahan, David R Lairson, Susan M Rawl
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer mortality could be decreased with risk-appropriate cancer screening. We examined the efficacy of three tailored interventions compared to Usual Care for increasing screening adherence. METHODS: Women (n=1196) ages 51 to 74, from primary care networks and non-adherent to colorectal cancer guidelines were randomized to: 1) Usual Care, 2) tailored Web intervention, 3) tailored Phone intervention, or 4) tailored Web + Phone intervention...
September 4, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Flynn O'Malley
The Compass Program at The Menninger Clinic was designed to assess and treat emerging adult psychiatric patients with severe disorders. Establishing a collaborative therapeutic relationship with these challenging patients is an essential step in facilitating effective assessment and treatment for them. The author presents a therapeutic model for engagement and collaboration. Three interrelated processes that are keys to promoting and creating collaborative behavior are described: (1) taking agency, the ability to accept responsibility for and believe in one's own contribution to solving problems; (2) mentalizing, the ability to reflect on, as opposed to react to, mental states in self and others, as well as to contemplate the issues in one's treatment process, and (3) the ability to examine one's problems from the standpoint of identifying core issues, those internal and external factors that have been impediments to one's progress...
2018: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
Fariba Fathollahi-Dehkordi, Ziba Farajzadegan
Background: Studies have shown that participation of Iranian women with family history of breast cancer in screening service is low. This investigation has evaluated the effectiveness of health models according to peer group in improving clinical breast exam (CBE) among Iranian women with a family history of breast cancer. Methods: This was a randomized control trial conducted during June and August 2015 in Isfahan. A total of 54 women were assigned into intervention and 53 to control group. Women 20 years or older with an affected relative were included...
2018: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Christine Choi, Paul S Pagel, Stephen R Estimé
Urgent airway management is challenging because time constraints limit thorough evaluation and planning before endotracheal intubation. In this report, we describe a case in which an airway history review revealed extraordinarily complex airway anatomy that led to a decision not to attempt intubation in a man with end-stage chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. We emphasize the utility of reviewing history and imaging before attempted urgent intubation. We discuss the importance of a multidisciplinary approach that includes the patient, their family, and consultants when high-risk intubation is contemplated...
August 29, 2018: A&A practice
A Águila Téllez, G López, I Isaac, J W González
In this paper an exhaustive bibliographical revision of the mathematical methods used for the optimal selection and location of reactive power compensating elements is developed , the results obtained by different authors for different objective functions are analyzed and a scientific problem in the conflict that the electric variables show when analyzed individually is identified; thus demonstrating the need to analyze this problem in a multi-criteria way and taking into account topologies of distribution grids with distributed generation and energy storage...
August 2018: Heliyon
Iqra Sarfraz, Azhar Rasul, Ghulam Hussain, Syed Makhdoom Hussain, Matloob Ahmad, Bushra Nageen, Farhat Jabeen, Zeliha Selamoglu, Muhammad Ali
Reprogrammed metabolic profile is a biochemical fingerprint of cancerous cells, which represents one of the "hallmarks of cancer." The aberrant expression pattern of enzymatic machineries orchestrates metabolic activities into a platform that ultimately promotes cellular growth, survival, and proliferation. The NADP(+)-dependent mitochondrial malic enzyme 2 (ME2) has been widely appreciated due to its function as a provider of pyruvate and reducing power to the cell for biosynthesis of fatty acids and nucleotides along with maintenance of redox balance...
August 29, 2018: IUBMB Life
Ali Saeidi, Amin Mirzaei, Behzad Mahaki, Asadollah Jalali, Mohsen Jalilian
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is highly beneficial to health. These benefits are so important and indispensable for adolescents. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the Physical activity stage of change and its related factors in the male secondary School students of Sarableh city. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 261 male secondary School students possessing the eligibility criteria were selected using the simple random sampling technique...
August 20, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Joseph P De Santis, Narciso Quidley-Rodriguez, Beatriz Valdes, Steve L Alves, Elias Provencio-Vasquez
Introduction HIV infection continues to be a serious health concern globally. Of the 1.2 million people with HIV infection in the United States, men who have sex with men (MSM) account for 57% of cases. Hispanic/Latino individuals accounted for 24% of new HIV diagnoses, with male-to-male sexual contact responsible for the majority of cases. A factor in HIV prevention is the sexual decision-making process. The purpose of this study was to describe the process by which sexual decision making occurs among Hispanic MSM...
June 2018: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
E C Rodriguez-Merchan
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA) involves millions of adults around the world. PURPOSE: To analyze the effectiveness and tolerability of topical therapies and their contemporary placement in knee OA management criteria. METHODS: A Cochrane Library and PubMed (MEDLINE) search related to the role of topical therapies in knee OA was carried out. RESULTS: Many types of local therapy have been reported, including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like diclofenac and ketoprofen; capsaicin, cream containing glucosamine sulfate, chondroitin sulfate, and camphor; nimesulide; civamide cream 0...
August 29, 2018: Postgraduate Medicine
Darlyani Mariano da Silva, Bianca Miranda Marques, Nathalia Malaman Galhardi, Fabiana de Souza Orlandi, Rosely Moralez de Figueiredo
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the adhesion of the nursing team to the practice of hands hygiene (HH) and the use of latex gloves in a hemodialysis service. METHOD: this is a descriptive-exploratory study with a quantitative approach, performed between August and October 2016 in a hemodialysis service in the countryside of São Paulo State, Brazil, where the nursing team adhered to HH and the use of gloves. All ethical aspects have been contemplated. RESULTS: there were 1090 opportunities for HH, with the adhesion rate being only 16...
July 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Carolina Ferreira Vasco, Mirian Watanabe, Cassiane Dezoti da Fonseca, Maria de Fátima Fernandes Vattimo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the antioxidant action of N-acetylcysteine and diosmin-hesperidin in an experimental model of sepsis-induced acute kidney injury in rats. METHODS: The study used 20 Wistar adult male rats divided into the following groups: control (laparotomy with no induction of abdominal sepsis), sepsis (experimental model of sepsis with cecal ligation and puncture), N-acetylcysteine + sepsis and diosmin-hesperidin + sepsis. The evaluation contemplated physiological parameters (temperature, glycemia, and average blood pressure), kidney function (creatinine clearance), oxidative stress (urinary peroxides) and kidney histology...
July 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Vikal Chandra Shakya, Bikram Byanjankar, Rabin Pandit, Anang Pangeni, Anir Ram Moh Shrestha, Bishesh Poudyal
Introduction: Though, in developed countries, laparoscopy is now a gold standard for splenectomy, we are lacking in this aspect in the eastern world. Splenectomy has mostly been performed by open surgery in our region. This is our effort to introduce laparoscopic splenectomy in our country. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study done in patients presenting to hematology and surgery department of our hospital who underwent laparoscopic splenectomy for hematological diseases from January 2013 to December 2016...
2018: Minimally Invasive Surgery
Jean L Kristeller, Kevin D Jordan
In the Mindfulness-Based Eating Awareness Training program (MB-EAT) (Kristeller and Wolever, 2014; Kristeller and Wolever, in press), mindfulness practice is taught, mindful eating is cultivated, and self-acceptance and spiritual well-being are enhanced. An integrative concept is the value of cultivating 'wisdom' in regard to creating a new and sustainable relationship to eating and food. 'Wisdom' refers to drawing on personal experience and understanding in a flexible, insightful manner, rather than strictly following external rules and guidelines...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Mohamed Aboelmaged, Gharib Hashem
PURPOSE: In spite of the recent progress in understanding how radio frequency identification (RFID) systems can substantially advance health care service, there is a significant gap in the literature concerning determinants of RFID application in managing various forms of health care operations. Hence, this study attempts to fill this gap by examining the key enablers and impediments of using RFID systems in patient and medical asset operations management using the technology, organization and environment framework (TOE)...
October 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
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