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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724015/anti-bullying-interventions-in-schools-a-systematic-literature-review
#1
Jorge Luiz da Silva, Wanderlei Abadio de Oliveira, Flávia Carvalho Malta de Mello, Luciane Sá de Andrade, Marina Rezende Bazon, Marta Angélica Iossi Silva
This paper presents a systematic literature review addressing rigorously planned and assessed interventions intended to reduce school bullying. The search for papers was performed in four databases (Lilacs, Psycinfo, Scielo and Web of Science) and guided by the question: What are the interventions used to reduce bullying in schools? Only case-control studies specifically focusing on school bullying without a time frame were included. The methodological quality of investigations was assessed using the SIGN checklist...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722088/-evaluation-of-new-minimally-invasive-techniques-in-gastrointestinal-surgery-and-contemplation-on-health-economics
#2
Xishan Wang
With the widespread introduction of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) in late 1987 by laparoscopic cholecystectomy, the practice and expectation of general surgery were changed forever. As the development of scientific technology, new techniques of MIS have sprung up all around the world. 3D laparoscopy surgery, natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery, da Vinci surgical system and other new technologies also need time to be verified, and this is the only way all new things should get though. They are very unique in their own right, and all have advantages and disadvantages...
July 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721105/prediction-of-efficacy-for-conversion-from-adjunctive-therapy-to-monotherapy-with-eslicarbazepine-acetate-800-mg-once-daily-for-partial-onset-epilepsy
#3
Soujanya Sunkaraneni, Julie A Passarell, Elizabeth A Ludwig, Jill Fiedler-Kelly, Janet K Pitner, Todd A Grinnell, David Blum
PURPOSE: Eslicarbazepine acetate (ESL) is a once-daily (QD) oral antiepileptic drug (AED) indicated for partial-onset seizures (POS). Clinical studies of gradual conversion to ESL 1,200 and 1,600 mg QD monotherapies were previously conducted in patients with POS who were not well-controlled by 1 or 2 AEDs. This report describes modeling and simulation of plasma eslicarbazepine (primary active metabolite of ESL) concentrations and time to monotherapy study exit to predict efficacy for conversion to ESL monotherapy at a lower dose of 800 mg, as an option for patients requiring or not tolerating higher doses since this regimen is effective in adjunctive therapy for POS...
2017: Clinical Pharmacology: Advances and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717387/human-mediated-evolution-in-a-threatened-species-juvenile-life-history-changes-in-snake-river-salmon
#4
Robin S Waples, Anna Elz, Billy D Arnsberg, James R Faulkner, Jeffrey J Hard, Emma Timmins-Schiffman, Linda K Park
Evaluations of human impacts on Earth's ecosystems often ignore evolutionary changes in response to altered selective regimes. Freshwater habitats for Snake River fall Chinook salmon (SRFCS), a threatened species in the US, have been dramatically changed by hydropower development and other watershed modifications. Associated biological changes include a shift in juvenile life history: Historically essentially 100% of juveniles migrated to sea as subyearlings, but a substantial fraction have migrated as yearlings in recent years...
August 2017: Evolutionary Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715932/the-association-of-socioeconomic-conditions-and-readiness-to-learn-new-ways-of-performing-daily-activities-in-older-adults-with-functional-difficulties
#5
Kelly T Gleason, Laura N Gitlin, Sarah L Szanton
Behavioral interventions for older adults can reduce difficulties in performing daily activities, hospitalizations, and mortality risk. The success of behavior change interventions, however, can be affected by a participant's readiness to adopt changes. This study evaluates whether socioeconomic conditions, particularly financial strain affording food, are associated with readiness to change. We conducted a cross-sectional, descriptive study of baseline data from disabled older adults ( N = 147) participating in an intervention to reduce physical disability...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712188/a-novel-link-between-adipokines-and-lipoprotein-a-to-contemplate-their-diagnostic-role-in-patients-with-stemi-and-nstemi
#6
Shazia Rashid, Rukhshan Khurshid, Uzma Faryal Amir, Arif Malik, Sumera Qazi
BACKGROUND: Early detection of cardiac events allow better and cost-effective triage and welltimed management of these patients. Study was conducted to evaluate the prognostic significance of plasma adiponectin, resistin and lipoprotein (a) in a group of patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. These parameters were also compared with other predictors like troponin T, troponin I and CK-MB. METHODS: Present study was based on the 100 patients with AMI of whom 52 had a diagnosis of STEMI, and 48 had NSTEMI...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711551/from-evidence-based-medicine-to-medicine-based-evidence
#7
REVIEW
Ralph I Horwitz, Allison Hayes-Conroy, Roberto Caricchio, Burton H Singer
Evidence based medicine, using randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses as the major tools and sources of evidence about average results for heterogeneous groups of patients, developed as a reaction against poorly designed observational treatment research and physician reliance on personal experience with other patients as a guide to decision making about a patient at hand. However, these tools do not answer the clinician's question: will a given therapeutic regimen help my patient at a given point in her/his clinical course?' We introduce fine-grained profiling of the patient at hand, accompanied by comparative evidence of responses from approximate matches to this patient on whom a contemplated treatment has/has not been administered...
July 12, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711071/fertility-contraception-and-novel-reproductive-technologies-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#8
Sofia B Ahmed, Wendy S Vitek, Jean L Holley
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis function, leading to menstrual abnormalities, sexual dysfunction, functional menopause, and loss of fertility. Pregnancy in a patient with CKD is associated with a higher risk of complications to both the mother and the fetus, highlighting the importance of contraceptive counseling at all stages of CKD. There has been limited research on the safety and efficacy of different contraceptive methods in the CKD population, and it is important to tailor the choice of contraception to the patient's lifestyle and comorbidity status...
July 2017: Seminars in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710966/intentions-to-quit-tobacco-smoking-in-14-low-and-middle-income-countries-based-on-the-transtheoretical-model
#9
Daniel Owusu, Megan Quinn, Ke-Sheng Wang, Jocelyn Aibangbee, Hadii M Mamudu
INTRODUCTION: Over 80% of the world's one billion tobacco smokers reside in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs); therefore, it is important to understand factors that promote intention to quit smoking in these countries. This study evaluated factors associated with three stages of intention to quit tobacco smoking among adults in LMICs. METHODS: Data from 43,540 participants of the Global Adult Tobacco Survey in 14 LMICs were analyzed. Intentions to quit smoking were categorized into precontemplation (referent category), contemplation, and preparation stages based on the transtheoretical model...
June 28, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702804/the-dft-negf-scrutiny-of-doped-fullerene-junctions
#10
Milanpreet Kaur, Ravinder Singh Sawhney, Derick Engles
Using the smallest non-classical fullerene, we investigate the impact of doping at the molecule-electrode interface on the electron transport of molecular junctions. This is accomplished by employing the density functional theory combined with the non-equilibrium Green's function. We contemplate different electronic parameters, namely, density of states, transmission coefficient, energy levels, molecular orbitals, conduction gaps, electron density, and their charge transfer. The relevance of these physical parameters is obtained to calculate their electrical parameters, current, and conductance, computed from Landauer-Büttiker formalism...
August 2017: Journal of Molecular Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702371/hydrogen-from-algal-biomass-a-review-of-production-process
#11
REVIEW
Archita Sharma, Shailendra Kumar Arya
Multifariousness of biofuel sources has marked an edge to an imperative energy issue. Production of hydrogen from microalgae has been gathering much contemplation right away. But, mercantile production of microalgae biofuels considering bio-hydrogen is still not practicable because of low biomass concentration and costly down streaming processes. This review has taken up the hydrogen production by microalgae. Biofuels are the up and coming alternative to exhaustible, environmentally and unsafe fossil fuels...
September 2017: Biotechnology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702342/pulmonary-manifestation-of-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-case-reports-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Fatehi Elzein, Nazik Mohammed, Najoud Ali, Abdelkarim Bahloul, Abeer Albadani, Nisreen Alsherbeeni
Pulmonary complications, including acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), are well described in P. falciparum (PF) and to a lesser extent in other malaria species. In non-endemic areas, malaria diagnosis may be overlooked; if a thorough travel history is not obtained on all patients with acute febrile illness. Three patients with malaria associated respiratory distress were admitted to our intensive care unit. The diagnosis was delayed; however, all patients received artesunate and intensive therapy with a satisfactory outcome...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699147/what-are-the-complications-survival-and-outcomes-after-revision-to-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-in-patients-older-than-80-years
#13
Eduard Alentorn-Geli, Nicholas J Clark, Andrew T Assenmacher, Brian T Samuelsen, Joaquín Sánchez-Sotelo, Robert H Cofield, John W Sperling
BACKGROUND: By the time patients with a failed shoulder arthroplasty require revision surgery, a substantial number are older than 80 years. The risk of complications of revision arthroplasty in this elderly population is largely unknown and needs to be considered when contemplating whether these patients are too frail for revision surgery. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) What are the 90-day medical and surgical complications after revision to reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) in patients older than 80 years? (2) What are the 2- and 5-year survival rates after revision? (3) Was there an improvement in pain at rest or with activity, range of motion (ROM), and strength after revision surgery? METHODS: Between 2004 and 2013, 38 patients who were older than 80 years (84 ± 3 years) underwent revision surgery to a RSA...
July 11, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698758/maxillary-sinus-augmentation-using-a-titanium-mesh-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Khalid Bahaa-Eldin, Basma Mostafa, Sherine Nasry, Ahmed Reda, Mona Shoeib
BACKGROUND: Various attempts have been implemented using different materials and techniques to augment the maxillary sinus floor for prospect dental implant positioning. AIM: This contemplate was conducted to assess the osteogenic capability of the maxillary sinus in a two-step sinus membrane elevation using titanium mesh to keep the formed space to place dental implants in atrophic ridges. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Titanium micromesh was customized and positioned into the sinus on one side to preserve the elevated membrane in position...
June 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691838/boys-do-n-t-cry-addressing-the-unmet-mental-health-needs-of-african-american-boys
#15
Michael A Lindsey, Danica R Brown, Michael Cunningham
If African American boys are contemplating taking their lives at early ages, the hope for future generations is challenging at best. What is going on in African American communities that there is a lack of safe spaces for boys to express their emotions and to share their travails with supportive networks in lieu of ending their lives? The situation of African American boys (ages 5-11) committing suicide at higher levels-more than any other group-and the recent studies regarding the rising rates of suicide among African American adolescent boys (12 and older) call for greater reflection and more discourse around the mental health challenges faced by this group...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689855/planyourlifespan-org-an-intervention-to-help-seniors-make-choices-for-their-fourth-quarter-of-life-results-from-the-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Lee A Lindquist, Vanessa Ramirez-Zohfeld, Priya D Sunkara, Chris Forcucci, Dianne S Campbell, Phyllis Mitzen, Jody D Ciolino, Dyanna Gregory, Gayle Kricke, Kenzie A Cameron
OBJECTIVE: Few older adults contemplate their home support and health needs that may be required for aging-in-place. We sought to assess the efficacy of PlanYourLifespan.org (PYL), in influencing seniors' planning behaviors, perception of the importance of planning, and confidence accessing services. METHOD: Randomized controlled trial, of adults, age ≥65 years in urban, suburban, rural areas of Texas, Illinois, Indiana. RESULTS: Among 385 participants, mean age was 71...
June 27, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688924/healthy-preconception-nutrition-and-lifestyle-using-personalized-mobile-health-coaching-is-associated-with-enhanced-pregnancy-chance
#17
Matthijs R van Dijk, Maria P H Koster, Sten P Willemsen, Nicole A Huijgen, Joop S E Laven, Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen
Periconceptional nutrition and lifestyle are essential in pathogenesis and prevention of most reproductive failures, pregnancy outcome and future health. We aimed to investigate whether personalized mobile health (mHealth) coaching empowers couples contemplating pregnancy to increase healthy behaviour and chances of pregnancy. A survey was conducted among 1053 women and 332 male partners who received individual coaching using the mHealth programme 'Smarter Pregnancy' to change poor nutrition and lifestyle for 26 weeks, depending on pregnancy state and gender...
June 27, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684384/a-bit-of-fit-minimalist-intervention-in-adolescents-based-on-a-physical-activity-tracker
#18
Jeffrey Gaudet, François Gallant, Mathieu Bélanger
BACKGROUND: Only 5% of Canadian youth meet the recommended 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) per day, with leisure time being increasingly allocated to technology usage. Direct-to-consumer mHealth devices that promote physical activity, such as wrist-worn physical activity trackers, have features with potential appeal to youth. OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose of this study was to determine whether a minimalist physical activity tracker-based intervention would lead to an increase in physical activity in young adolescents...
July 6, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681282/integrating-traditional-healers-into-the-health-care-system-challenges-and-opportunities-in-rural-northern-ghana
#19
Eva Krah, Johannes de Kruijf, Luigi Ragno
Traditional medicine is widespread in Ghana, with 80% of Ghanaians relying on its methods for primary health care. This paper argues that integrating traditional and biomedical health systems expands the reach and improves outcomes of community health care. Moving beyond literature, it stresses the importance of trust-relationships between healers and biomedical staff. Insights are based on qualitative research conducted in Ghana's Northern Region (2013-2014). Five challenges to integration emerged out of the data: a lack of understanding of traditional medicine, discrimination, high turnover of biomedical staff, declining interest in healing as a profession, and equipment scarcity...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681224/percutaneous-image-guided-pancreatic-duct-drainage-technique-results-and-expected-benefits
#20
M Mizandari, T Azrumelashvili, J Kumar, N Habib
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to provide a technical detail and feasibility of percutaneous image-guided pancreatic duct (PD) drainage and to discuss its subtleties in a series of patients with obstructed PD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty patients presenting with PD obstruction from pancreatic head tumour or pancreatitis were subjected to percutaneous image-guided PD drainage under a guidance of ultrasound or computed tomography. Following the successful puncture of PD, a locking loop drainage catheter was placed using conventional guidewire techniques under real-time fluoroscopy guidance...
July 5, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
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