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Yuki Ito, Eriko Shiraishi, Atsuko Kato, Takayuki Haino, Kouhei Sugimoto, Aikou Okamoto, Nao Suzuki
PURPOSE: To identify the utility and issues associated with the use of decision trees in oncofertility patient care in Japan. METHODS: A total of 35 women who had been diagnosed with cancer, but had not begun anticancer treatment, were enrolled. We applied the oncofertility decision tree for women published by Gardino et al. to counsel a consecutive series of women on fertility preservation (FP) options following cancer diagnosis. Percentage of women who decided to undergo oocyte retrieval for embryo cryopreservation and the expected live-birth rate for these patients were calculated using the following equation: expected live-birth rate = pregnancy rate at each age per embryo transfer × (1 - miscarriage rate) × No...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Maya K Gislason, Holly K Andersen
We consider the case of intensive resource extractive projects in the Blueberry River First Nations in Northern British Columbia, Canada, as a case study. Drawing on the parallels between concepts of cumulative environmental and cumulative health impacts, we highlight three axes along which to gauge the effects of intensive extraction projects. These are environmental, health, and social justice axes. Using an intersectional analysis highlights the way in which using individual indicators to measure impact, rather than considering cumulative effects, hides the full extent by which the affected First Nations communities are impacted by intensive extraction projects...
October 18, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Ronaldo Sousa Oliveira Filho, Lia Mara Kauchi Ribeiro, Lucia Caruso, Patricia Azevedo Lima, Náglia Raquel Teixeira Damasceno, Francisco García Soriano
INTRODUCTION: Quality Indicators for Nutritional Therapy (QINT) allow a practical assessment of nutritional therapy (NT) quality. OBJECTIVE: To apply and monitor QINT for critically ill patients at nutritional risk. METHODS: Cross sectional study including critically ill patients > 18 years old, at nutritional risk, on exclusive enteral (ENT) or parenteral nutritional therapy (PNT) for > 72 hours. After three consecutive years, 9 QINT were applied and monitored...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Svetlana Villevalde, Zhanna Kobalava
OBJECTIVE: Antihypertensive medication nonadherence is significant contributor to poor BP control. Patient-related factors (lack of motivation or risk understanding) are important. The aim of PRISMA study was to determine the impact of integrated approach with therapy based on perindopril arginine in the improvement of motivation, adherence to antihypertensive treatment and BP control. DESIGN AND METHOD: 906 (315 male, 56.0 ± 10.6 years) non-adherent (score < 4 in Morisky and Green Test for Measure of Adherence to Therapy) hypertensive patients with planning or action stages of behavior changes (Prochaska and DiClemente model) with uncontrolled hypertension (BP > 140/90 mmHg) were randomly assigned to 2 strategies: integrated approach with therapy based on perindopril arginine with added-on therapy if necessary (G1, n = 755) or routine practice (G2, n = 151)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Amanda J Ampt, Vijay Roach, Christine L Roberts
OBJECTIVES: To compare the characteristics of women who have undergone vulvoplasty with those of other women of reproductive age; to quantify short term adverse events and complications; to determine any association between vulvoplasty and subsequent outcomes for women giving birth. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A population-based record linkage study, analysing New South Wales Admitted Patient Data Collection and NSW Perinatal Data Collection data. The characteristics of all women who had vulvoplasties in NSW hospitals during 2001-2013 were compared with those of all women of reproductive age...
October 17, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
Adam W Hanley, Eric L Garland, Richard G Tedeschi
Objective: A growing body of theoretical and empirical work suggests that mindfulness may support more positive posttraumatic outcomes by reducing posttraumatic stress (PTS) and encouraging posttraumatic growth (PTG). Positive reappraisal (PR), a cognitive coping correlate of dispositional mindfulness (DM) has also been linked with greater PTG. However, neither DM nor PR have been modeled in relation to core posttraumatic constructs such as core belief disruption, intrusive rumination, deliberate rumination, PTS and PTG...
October 13, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
Christopher S Tran, Clare E Liddy, Dora M Liu, Amir Afkham, Erin J Keely
OBJECTIVE: To describe the impact of an eConsult service on access to endocrinologists along with its influence on changing primary care provider (PCP) course of action and referral behaviors. METHODS: Established in 2011, the Champlain BASE (Building Access to Specialist Care via eConsult) service allows PCPs to access specialist care in lieu of traditional face-to-face referrals. We conducted a cross-sectional study of eConsult cases submitted to endocrinologists by PCPs between April 15, 2011 and January 31, 2015...
October 2016: Endocrine Practice
Ravindra B Ghooi, Kelly Dhru, Sheela Jaywant
Many individuals at the end of life are unable to convey their wishes regarding medical treatments. Advance directives (ADs) or living wills (LWs) allow them to crystallise their wishes in a written form so that these can be carried out if the relevant situation arises. In many countries, ADs are legally valid and enforceable; they reduce the use of life-sustaining treatments, which often merely prolong life without improving or even maintaining the quality of life. Such treatment puts a financial burden on the patient's family, often leading to penury...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
Mohamed A Hendaus, Fatima A Jomha, Ahmed H Alhammadi
Perinatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) affects one to three per 1,000 live full-term births and can lead to severe and permanent neuropsychological sequelae, such as cerebral palsy, epilepsy, mental retardation, and visual motor or visual perceptive dysfunction. Melatonin has begun to be contemplated as a good choice in order to diminish the neurological sequelae from hypoxic-ischemic brain injury. Melatonin emerges as a very interesting medication, because of its capacity to cross all physiological barriers extending to subcellular compartments and its safety and effectiveness...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Elizabeth Fiske
Despite program completion, not all graduates are successful on the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN). Contemplative practices such as meditation and guided imagery were added to an NCLEX-RN preparatory course. The difference between self-efficacy scores at the beginning and end of the course was statistically significant. Students reported that the contemplative activities were beneficial, and they would use these activities again in the future.
October 4, 2016: Nurse Educator
Aviad Cohen, Neta Solomon, Benny Almog, Yoni Cohen, Ziv Tsafrir, Eli Rimon, Ishai Levin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical presentation, operative outcome and incidence of malignancy in post-menopausal women who were diagnosed with adnexal torsion. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study DESIGN: classification: Canadian Task Force classification II-2. SETTING: Tertiary university-affiliated hospital. PATIENTS: Cases of postmenopausal women who were diagnosed with adnexal torsion between the years 1995-2014 were reviewed (study group)...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Kuei-Yun Lu, Pi-Hsia Lee, Wen-Yin Chang
BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that regular physical activity is known to improve physical health and reduce absenteeism and perceived job strain, healthcare professionals currently perform inadequate physical activity. PURPOSE: To understand and compare the differences in stages of physical activity among nurses, physicians, and allied healthcare professionals. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire was used to survey nurses, physicians, and allied healthcare professionals who worked at four branches of a hospital in Taiwan...
October 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Jonathan D Kibble, Christine Bellew, Abdo Asmar, Lisa Barkley
The goal of this review is to highlight the key elements needed to successfully deploy team-based learning (TBL) in any class, but especially in large enrolment classes, where smooth logistics are essential. The text is based on a lecture and workshop given at the American Physiological Society's Institute on Teaching and Learning in Madison, WI, in June 2016. After a short overview of the TBL method, its underpinning in learning theory, and a summary of current evidence for its effectiveness, we present two case studies from our own teaching practices in a new medical school...
December 2016: Advances in Physiology Education
Joshua C Felver, Richard Jones, Matthew A Killam, Christopher Kryger, Kristen Race, Laura Lee McIntyre
This research explored the effectiveness of a manualized contemplative intervention among children receiving intensive residential psychiatric care. Ten children with severe psychiatric disabilities received 12 sessions (30-45 min) of "Mindful Life: Schools" (MLS) over the course of a month. Facility-reported data on the use of physical intervention (i.e., seclusions and restraints) were analyzed. Acceptability questionnaires and broad-band behavioral questionnaire data were also collected from children and their primary clinicians...
October 1, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
Arjan W Braam, Henrike Galenkamp, Peter Derkx, Marja J Aartsen, Dorly J H Deeg
OBJECTIVES: Gerotranscendence is defined as a transition from a materialistic and rationalistic perspective to a more cosmic and transcendent view of life accompanying the aging process. Would gerotranscendence levels still increase in later life? The current prospective study investigates 10-year trajectories of cosmic transcendence (a core dimension of gerotranscendence). METHODS: Four interview cycles of the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam with 3-year intervals from 1995 to 2006 provide data on cosmic transcendence, demographics (ages 57-85), religiousness, health, sense of mastery, and humor coping...
September 29, 2016: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
Alan L Shields, Yanni Hao, Meaghan Krohe, Andrew Yaworsky, Iyar Mazar, Catherine Foley, Faisal Mehmed, Denise Globe
BACKGROUND: Despite an increased use of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in oncology clinical trials, integrating the patient perspective into drug approval decisions and documentation has been challenging. OBJECTIVES: To review important regulatory and measurement terminology, and to provide oncology outcomes researchers and those involved with building oncology programs with tools to plan PRO data collection, particularly in relation to drug efficacy claims for drug labeling in the United States...
June 2016: American Health & Drug Benefits
Joseph Perazzo, Stephen Haas, Allison Webel, Joachim Voss
People frequently use the internet to obtain information, including information about health, but we lack understanding of how people living with HIV (PLHIV) use the internet in their care and treatment decisions. In this secondary analysis, interviews with 23 individuals who initiated HIV care at an urban, Midwestern medical center and mentioned internet use were analyzed using qualitative content analysis to explore how they used the internet during the process of initiating HIV care. HIV care had been initiated by this sample from less than one month to three years post-diagnosis...
September 30, 2016: Research in Nursing & Health
Martha M Bakker, Maarten H Jacobs
Underrepresentation of women in senior positions is a persistent problem in universities worldwide, and a wide range of strategies to combat this situation is currently being contemplated. One such strategy is the introduction of a tenure track system, in which decisions to promote scientific staff to higher ranks are guided by a set of explicit and transparent criteria, as opposed to earlier situations in which decisions were based on presumably more subjective impressions by superiors. We examined the effect of the introduction of a tenure track system at Wageningen University (The Netherlands) on male and female promotion rates...
2016: PloS One
Charles A Karcutskie, Jonathan P Meizoso, Juliet J Ray, Davis Horkan, Xiomara D Ruiz, Carl I Schulman, Nicholas Namias, Kenneth G Proctor
Importance: To date, no study has assessed whether the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) varies with blunt or penetrating trauma. Objective: To test whether the mechanism of injury alters risk of VTE after trauma. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective database review was conducted of adults admitted to the intensive care unit of an American College of Surgeons-verified level I trauma center between August 1, 2011, and January 1, 2015, with blunt or penetrating injuries...
September 28, 2016: JAMA Surgery
Janet R Kahn, William Collinge, Robert Soltysik
BACKGROUND: Veterans with history of deployment in the Global War on Terror face significant and ongoing challenges with high prevalences of adverse psychological, physical, spiritual, and family impacts. Together, these challenges contribute to an emerging public health crisis likely to extend well into the future. Innovative approaches are needed that reach veterans and their family members with strategies they can employ over time in their daily lives to promote improved adjustment and well-being...
2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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