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Gina 2016

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921546/the-prevalence-of-unwanted-online-sexual-exposure-and-solicitation-among-youth-a-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Sheri Madigan, Vanessa Villani, Corry Azzopardi, Danae Laut, Tanya Smith, Jeff R Temple, Dillon Browne, Gina Dimitropoulos
PURPOSE: The objective of this meta-analysis was to provide a synthesis of studies examining the prevalence of unwanted online exposure and solicitation of a sexual nature among youth, and to determine if prevalence varies by youth age, gender, year of study data collection, or study geographical location. METHOD: Eligible studies from January 1990 to January 2016 were identified utilizing a comprehensive search strategy. Included studies examined the prevalence of unwanted online exposure and solicitation in youth who ranged from 12 to 16...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877740/between-visit-variability-in-fev-1-as-a-diagnostic-test-for-asthma-in-adults
#2
Benjamin W Dean, Erin E Birnie, G A Whitmore, Katherine L Vandemheen, Louis-Philippe Boulet, J Mark FitzGerald, Martha Ainslie, Samir Gupta, Catherine Lemiere, Stephen K Field, R Andrew McIvor, Paul Hernandez, Irvin Mayers, Shawn D Aaron
RATIONALE: The reliability of using between-visit variation in FEV1 to diagnose asthma is understudied, and hence uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To determine if FEV1 variability measured over recurrent visits is significantly associated with a diagnosis of current asthma. METHODS: Randomly-selected adults (N=964) with a history of physician-diagnosed asthma were studied from 2005-2007 and from 2012-2016. A diagnosis of current asthma was confirmed in those participants who exhibited bronchial hyper-responsiveness to methacholine and/or acute worsening of asthma symptoms while being weaned off asthma medications...
June 7, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807734/using-serological-studies-to-reconstruct-the-history-of-bluetongue-epidemic-in-french-cattle-under-successive-vaccination-campaigns
#3
Noémie Courtejoie, Henrik Salje, Benoît Durand, Gina Zanella, Simon Cauchemez
Bluetongue virus is a vector-borne pathogen affecting ruminants that has caused major epidemics in France. Reconstructing the history of bluetongue in French cattle under control strategies such as vaccination has been hampered by the high level of sub-clinical infection, incomplete case data and poor understanding of vaccine uptake over time and space. To tackle these challenges, we used three age-structured serological surveys carried out in cattle (N = 22,342) from ten administrative subdivisions called departments...
May 17, 2018: Epidemics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29795560/zika-virus-infection-in-the-veterans-health-administration-vha-2015-2016
#4
Patricia L Schirmer, Aaron Wendelboe, Cynthia A Lucero-Obusan, Russell A Ryono, Mark A Winters, Gina Oda, Mirsonia Martinez, Sonia Saavedra, Mark Holodniy
BACKGROUND: Zika virus (ZIKV) is an important flavivirus infection. Although ZIKV infection is rarely fatal, risk for severe disease in adults is not well described. Our objective was to describe the spectrum of illness in U.S. Veterans with ZIKV infection. METHODOLOGY: Case series study including patients with laboratory-confirmed or presumed positive ZIKV infection in all Veterans Health Administration (VHA) medical centers. Adjusted odds ratios of clinical variables associated with hospitalization and neurologic complications was performed...
May 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755792/sofosbuvir-plus-daclatasvir-in-treatment-of-chronic-hepatitis-c-genotype-4-infection-in-a-cohort-of-egyptian-patients-an-experiment-the-size-of-egyptian-village
#5
Ossama Ashraf Ahmed, Eslam Safwat, Mohamed Omar Khalifa, Ahmed I Elshafie, Mohamed Hassan Ahmed Fouad, Mohamed Magdy Salama, Gina Gamal Naguib, Mohamed Mahmoud Eltabbakh, Ahmed Fouad Sherief, Sherief Abd-Elsalam
Background and Aims: As indicated by the World Health Organization (WHO), Egypt is positioned as the country with the world's highest prevalence of Hepatitis C virus (HCV). HCV is transmitted through unexamined blood transfusions, different employments of syringes, and poor cleansing, as per the WHO. Our study aimed at screening and management of chronic hepatitis C genotype 4 infected patients in Bardeen village, Sharkeya Governorate, Egypt, with Sofosbuvir plus Daclatasvir, as well as estimating the safety and efficacy of that regimen...
2018: International Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722709/reach-for-the-stars
#6
Gina Panozzo
Star Ratings were implemented by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services for home healthcare agencies with the first release of measures in 2015 and 2016. Hospital Compare also displays Star Ratings, and Hospice also will soon have the Hospice Information Set displayed on Hospice Compare. Star Ratings in home healthcare are determined by a specific methodology and are based on nine quality areas. One set of Stars designates the nine quality areas and a second set of Stars reflects consumer satisfaction...
May 2018: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656911/healthcare-empowerment-and-hiv-viral-control-mediating-roles-of-adherence-and-retention-in-care
#7
Tracey E Wilson, Emma Sophia Kay, Bulent Turan, Mallory O Johnson, Mirjam-Colette Kempf, Janet M Turan, Mardge H Cohen, Adaora A Adimora, Margaret Pereyra, Elizabeth T Golub, Lakshmi Goparaju, Lynn Murchison, Gina M Wingood, Lisa R Metsch
INTRODUCTION: This study assessed longitudinal relationships between patient healthcare empowerment, engagement in care, and viral control in the Women's Interagency HIV Study, a prospective cohort study of U.S. women living with HIV. METHODS: From April 2014 to March 2016, four consecutive 6-month visits were analyzed among 973 women to assess the impact of Time 1 healthcare empowerment variables (Tolerance for Uncertainty and the state of Informed Collaboration Committed Engagement) on Time 2 reports of ≥95% HIV medication adherence and not missing an HIV primary care appointment since last visit; and on HIV RNA viral control across Times 3 and 4, controlling for illicit drug use, heavy drinking, depression symptoms, age, and income...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614508/diagnosis-and-management-of-asthma-the-swiss-guidelines
#8
Thomas Rothe, Paolo Spagnolo, Pierre-Olivier Bridevaux, Christian Clarenbach, Christine Eich-Wanger, Franca Meyer, David Miedinger, Alexander Möller, Laurent P Nicod, Geneviève Nicolet-Chatelain, Alain Sauty, Claudia Steurer-Stey, Joerg D Leuppi
The Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) is a network of individuals, organizations, and public health officials that was established to disseminate information about the care of patients with asthma and to improve asthma care. The GINA ("Global Strategy for Asthma Management and Prevention") report has been updated annually since 2002. Due to new knowledge and therapeutic development in the field, the Swiss Respiratory Society felt the need to provide a new document that is based on both the available literature and the recommendations of the 2016 GINA report...
2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603811/utility-of-catheterized-specimens-in-reducing-overdiagnosis-of-urinary-tract-infections-in-women
#9
Carrie M Aisen, Erica Ditkoff, Arindam RoyChoudhury, Michele Corish, Matthew P Rutman, Doreen E Chung, Gina M Badalato, Kimberly L Cooper
AIMS: To evaluate the utility of catheterized samples in reducing overdiagnosis of UTI based on voided specimens among patients presenting with a range of urinary symptoms. We also aimed to determine variables that may modify the predictive value of the voided midstream urine culture. METHODS: Patient charts were reviewed to identify female patients referred to our voiding dysfunction clinic with a range of complaints warranting urine studies (5/2014-8/2016). Patients with a positive voided urine culture who also had a catheterized urine culture in our system were included...
March 31, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505462/opiate-dependence-or-addiction-a-review-of-the-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-guidelines-for-management-of-chronic-pain
#10
Gina C Dobbs, Susanne A Fogger
In the wake of epidemic of opioid overdoses in the United States, patients who are receiving treatment for chronic pain with opioid have come under increasing scrutiny. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued a guideline for managing chronic pain in 2016, which makes recommendations for opioids based on current evidence. This review will highlight key components of the guideline including differentiating addiction from dependence to assist nurses to better inform patient care in managing chronic pain...
January 2018: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500034/revamping-mosquito-borne-disease-control-to-tackle-future-threats
#11
REVIEW
Jill N Fernandes, Imelda K Moise, Gina L Maranto, John C Beier
The global approach to mosquito-borne diseases (MBDs) is in need of critical re-evaluation. Although there have been dramatic reductions in malaria incidence since 2000, malaria elimination from high-transmission settings remains problematic. At the same time, arbovirus outbreaks have increased in their frequency and impact. The 2015-2016 Zika virus epidemic exposed the dire state of MBD control in many countries, calling for united global action. Despite international resolve to prevent future epidemics, current practices in MBD control are mostly reactive and of limited efficacy...
May 2018: Trends in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448166/insights-from-population-based-analyses-of-plasma-lipids-across-the-allele-frequency-spectrum
#12
REVIEW
Gina M Peloso, Pradeep Natarajan
Plasma lipid levels are heritable quantitative risk factors and therapeutic targets for cardiovascular disease. Plasma lipids have been a model for translating genetic observations across the allele frequency spectrum to unique biological and therapeutic insights. Most large studies to date predominately comprised of individuals of European ancestry. This review focuses on contemporary evidence from 2016 to 2017 looking at the effect of genetic variants on plasma lipid levels across the allele frequency spectrum with incrementally larger sample sizes and the contribution of non-European ancestry studies to the genetic etiology of plasma lipid levels...
February 12, 2018: Current Opinion in Genetics & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445013/spatial-and-temporal-patterns-of-schmallenberg-virus-in-france-in-2016
#13
Kristel Gache, Stephan Zientara, Eric Collin, Edith Authié, Françoise Dion, Emmanuel Garin, Gina Zanella, Didier Calavas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439927/characterization-of-pharmacists-interventions-in-asthma-management-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Carmen Crespo-Gonzalez, Fernando Fernandez-Llimos, Inajara Rotta, Cassyano J Correr, Shalom I Benrimoj, Victoria Garcia-Cardenas
OBJECTIVE: Pharmacists have adopted an active role in asthma management. This review aimed to analyze the intervention dose, understood as the "amount of program delivered," and core components of the intervention provided by pharmacists in asthma management. DATA SOURCES: A literature search was conducted in December 2016 using PubMed. STUDY SELECTION: A 2-stage approach was used. At the first stage, systematic reviews of pharmacists' interventions in asthma management were identified...
March 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406133/implementing-healthy-work-environment-standards-in-an-academic-workplace-an-update
#15
Rebecca B Harmon, Gina DeGennaro, Meg Norling, Christine Kennedy, Dorrie Fontaine
In 2005 the American Association of Critical Care Nurses defined six Healthy Work Environment (HWE) standards for the clinical setting (AACN, 2005), which were reaffirmed and expanded in 2016 (AACN, 2016). These clinical standards were adapted for use in the academic setting by Fontaine, Koh, and Carroll in 2012. The intention of this article is threefold: to present a revised version of the academic workplace standards which are appropriate for all School of Nursing (SON) employees, staff as well as faculty; to proposes the addition of a seventh standard, self-care, which provides the foundation for all standards; and to describe the continuing implementation of these seven standards at the University of Virginia School of Nursing (UVA SON)...
January 2018: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334502/risk-of-hepatitis-b-virus-reactivation-among-patients-treated-with-ledipasvir-sofosbuvir-for-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#16
Beshoy T Yanny, Nyan L Latt, Sammy Saab, Steven Han, Gina Choi, Jason Kramer, Amandeep K Sahota
BACKGROUND: Direct acting antiviral (DAA) agents are the standard of care for treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected individuals. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation during HCV treatment has been reported, the incidence and clinical outcome remains unclear. The aim of our study is to examine the risk of HBV reactivation in actively infected or previously exposed patients during or after HCV treatment with DAAs. METHODS: Adults with chronic HCV infection previously exposed or actively infected with HBV and treated with DAAs between December 2015 to 2016 were included...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313124/development-of-a-train-to-proficiency-curriculum-for-the-technical-skills-component-of-the-fundamentals-of-endoscopic-surgery-exam
#17
Susan Gearhart, Michael Marohn, Saowanee Ngamruengphong, Gina Adrales, Oluwafemi Owodunni, Kim Duncan, Emil Petrusa, Pamela Lipsett
BACKGROUND: The demonstration of competency in endoscopy is required prior to obtaining American Board of Surgery Certification. To demonstrate competency, the resident must pass a national high-stakes cognitive test and a technical skills exam on a virtual reality simulator. The purpose of this preliminary study was to design a proficiency-based endoscopy simulation curriculum to meet this competency requirement. METHODS: This is a mixed methods prospective cohort study at a single academic medical institution...
January 8, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284538/use-of-programme-theory-to-understand-the-differential-effects-of-interventions-across-socio-economic-groups-in-systematic-reviews-a-systematic-methodology-review
#18
Michelle Maden, Alex Cunliffe, Naoimh McMahon, Andrew Booth, Gina Michelle Carey, Suzy Paisley, Rumona Dickson, Mark Gabbay
BACKGROUND: Systematic review guidance recommends the use of programme theory to inform considerations of if and how healthcare interventions may work differently across socio-economic status (SES) groups. This study aimed to address the lack of detail on how reviewers operationalise this in practice. METHODS: A methodological systematic review was undertaken to assess if, how and the extent to which systematic reviewers operationalise the guidance on the use of programme theory in considerations of socio-economic inequalities in health...
December 29, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279057/characterizing-patients-with-asthma-who-received-global-initiative-for-asthma-steps-4-5-therapy-and-managed-in-a-specialty-care-setting
#19
Brian Stone, Jill R Davis, Frank Trudo, Bradd Schiffman, Carlos Alzola, David Brown, Kathleen M Fox
BACKGROUND: Severe asthma is recognized in the European Respiratory Society/American Thoracic Society guidelines as a major unmet need in the management of asthma. OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to describe the clinical burden of Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) steps 4-5 asthma for patients treated by specialists in the U.S. community setting. METHODS: Patients, ages ≥12 years, with asthma who received GINA step 4 or 5 treatment and were treated at a large U...
January 1, 2018: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226100/clinical-food-addiction-is-not-associated-with-development-of-metabolic-complications-in-liver-transplant-recipients
#20
Sammy Saab, Cameron Sikavi, Melissa Jimenez, Matthew Viramontes, Ruby Allen, Youssef Challita, Michelle Mai, Negin Esmailzadeh, Jonathan Grotts, Gina Choi, Francisco Durazo, Mohamed El-Kabany, Steven-Huy Han, Elisa Moreno
Background and Aims: Given the increased risk of post-transplant metabolic syndrome (PTMS; defined by hypertension, diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia), we aimed to identify the potential role of food addiction in the development of metabolic complications in the post-liver transplant population. Methods: Inclusion criteria included adult liver transplant recipients followed at our institution between June 2016 and November 2016. Participants were administered a demographic survey as well as the Yale Food Assessment Scale 2...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology
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