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Gina 2016

Kate R Weinberger, Patrick L Kinney, Guy S Robinson, Daniel Sheehan, Iyad Kheirbek, Thomas D Matte, Gina S Lovasi
Exposure to allergenic tree pollen is a risk factor for multiple allergic disease outcomes. Little is known about how tree pollen levels vary within cities and whether such variation affects the development or exacerbation of allergic disease. Accordingly, we collected integrated pollen samples at uniform height at 45 sites across New York City during the 2013 pollen season. We used these monitoring results in combination with adjacent land use data to develop a land use regression model for tree pollen. We evaluated four types of land use variables for inclusion in the model: tree canopy, distributed building height (a measure of building volume density), elevation, and distance to water...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
David H Gustafson, Gina Landucci, Fiona McTavish, Rachel Kornfield, Roberta A Johnson, Marie-Louise Mares, Ryan P Westergaard, Andrew Quanbeck, Esra Alagoz, Klaren Pe-Romashko, Chantelle Thomas, Dhavan Shah
BACKGROUND: Opioid dependence has devastating and increasingly widespread consequences and costs, and the most common outcome of treatment is early relapse. People who inject opioids are also at disproportionate risk for contracting the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV). This study tests an approach that has been shown to improve recovery rates: medication along with other supportive services (medication-assisted treatment, or MAT) against MAT combined with a smartphone innovation called A-CHESS (MAT + A-CHESS)...
December 12, 2016: Trials
Daniel C Solis, Gina P Kwon, Katherine J Ransohoff, Shufeng Li, Harvind S Chahal, Mina S Ally, Marieke A D Peters, Kristi Schmitt-Burr, Joselyn Lindgren, Irene Bailey-Healy, Joyce M Teng, Ervin H Epstein, Jean Y Tang
Importance: Patients with basal cell nevus syndrome (BCNS) have a greater risk of developing numerous basal cell carcinomas (BCCs). Risk factors influencing the wide variation in tumor burden are poorly understood. Objective: To describe the burden of BCCs in patients with BCNS in the United States and identify potential risk factors for BCCs. Design, Setting, and Participants: Prospective clinical registry with data collected from September 2014 to March 2016...
November 30, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
Christopher Rodriguez, Carol Victor, Nathaniel Leonardi, Suela Sulo, Gina Littlejohn
: HOW TO OBTAIN CONTACT HOURS BY READING THIS ISSUE Instructions: 1.2 contact hours will be awarded by Villanova University College of Nursing upon successful completion of this activity. A contact hour is a unit of measurement that denotes 60 minutes of an organized learning activity. This is a learner-based activity. Villanova University College of Nursing does not require submission of your answers to the quiz. A contact hour certificate will be awarded after you register, pay the registration fee, and complete the evaluation form online at http://goo...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
Andrew J Coldman, Lovedeep Gondara, Laurie W Smith, Dirk van Niekerk, Kathy Ceballos, Mel Krajden, Darrel Cook, David J Quinlan, Marette Lee, Gavin Ce Stuart, Stuart Peacock, Ruth Elwood Martin, Laura Gentile, Eduardo L Franco, Gina S Ogilvie
BACKGROUND: The HPV FOCAL Trial is a RCT comparing human papilloma virus (HPV) with Liquid Based Cytology (LBC) screening for cervical cancer. Results are presented for the comparison of the Safety and Control arms after two rounds. METHODS: HPV FOCAL included randomisation of women aged 25-65 into the Safety arm, where they were initially screened with HPV and the Control arm, where they received entry screening with LBC, with both arms screened again with LBC at 24 months...
December 6, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
Gurjot S Walia, Alison L Wong, Andrea Y Lo, Gina A Mackert, Hannah M Carl, Rachel A Pedreira, Ricardo Bello, Carla S Aquino, William V Padula, Justin M Sacks
GENERAL PURPOSE: To present a systematic review of the literature assessing the efficacy of monitoring devices for reducing the risk of developing pressure injuries. TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After participating in this educational activity, the participant should be better able to:1...
December 2016: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
Matthew J Scheffel, Gina Scurti, Patricia Simms, Elizabeth Garrett-Mayer, Shikhar Mehrotra, Michael I Nishimura, Christina Voelkel-Johnson
Although adoptive transfer of autologous tumor antigen-specific T-cell immunotherapy can produce remarkable clinical efficacy, most patients do not achieve durable complete responses. We hypothesized that reducing susceptibility of T cells to activation-induced cell death (AICD), which increases during the rapid in vitro expansion of therapeutic T cells before their infusion, might improve the persistence of adoptively transferred cells. Our investigations revealed that repetitive stimulation of the T-cell receptor (TCR) induced AICD, as a result of activating the DNA damage response pathway through ATM-mediated Ser15 phosphorylation of p53...
October 15, 2016: Cancer Research
Manfred P Lutz, John R Zalcberg, Rob Glynne-Jones, Theo Ruers, Michel Ducreux, Dirk Arnold, Daniela Aust, Gina Brown, Krzysztof Bujko, Christopher Cunningham, Serge Evrard, Gunnar Folprecht, Jean-Pierre Gerard, Angelita Habr-Gama, Karin Haustermans, Torbjörn Holm, Koert F Kuhlmann, Florian Lordick, Gilles Mentha, Markus Moehler, Iris D Nagtegaal, Alessio Pigazzi, Salvatore Pucciarelli, Arnaud Roth, Harm Rutten, Hans-Joachim Schmoll, Halfdan Sorbye, Eric Van Cutsem, Jürgen Weitz, Florian Otto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2016: European Journal of Cancer
Scott M Schuetze, Vanessa Bolejack, Edwin Choy, Kristen N Ganjoo, Arthur P Staddon, Warren A Chow, Hussein A Tawbi, Brian L Samuels, Shreyaskumar R Patel, Margaret von Mehren, Gina D'Amato, Kirsten M Leu, David M Loeb, Charles A Forscher, Mohammed M Milhem, Daniel A Rushing, David R Lucas, Rashmi Chugh, Denise K Reinke, Laurence H Baker
BACKGROUND: Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS), chondrosarcoma (CS), chordoma, epithelioid sarcoma, and solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) are malignant tumors that are relatively resistant to chemotherapy and for which more effective drug therapy is needed. METHODS: The 5 listed subtypes were enrolled into a single indolent sarcoma cohort in a phase 2 study of dasatinib using a Bayesian continuous monitoring rule for enrollment. The primary objective was to estimate the 6-month progression-free survival (PFS) rate according to the Choi criteria with a target of ≥50%...
January 1, 2017: Cancer
Kristin M Maiden, Marina Kaplan, Lee Ann Walling, Patricia P Miller, Gina Crist
Comprehensive land use plans and their corresponding regulations play a role in determining the nature of the built environment and community design, which are factors that influence population health and health disparities. To determine the level in which a plan addresses healthy living and active design, there is a need for a systematic, reliable and valid method of analyzing and scoring health-related content in plans and regulations. This paper describes the development and validation of a scoring tool designed to measure the strength and comprehensiveness of health-related content found in land use plans and the corresponding regulations...
September 26, 2016: Preventive Medicine
Sarah Tidwell, Kari Hess, Gina Peek
BACKGROUND: Multiple faculty were present during a simulation for competency assessments of students, thus creating an increased workload and fatigue. Faculty used technology to reduce the workload and maintain interrater reliability, at little to no cost. METHOD: The use of high-fidelity simulators, tablet computers, and a university video platform were used to record student competency assessments. One faculty member could perform the assessment, but other course faculty could review the results...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
David V Walsh, Gina M Jurek, William E McLean, Jonathan K Statz, Roddricus L Allen, Daniel W Riggs
BACKGROUND: Apache pilots needing refractive correction are issued modified HGU-4/P aviator spectacles. However, a recently published survey found field of view (FOV) dissatisfaction with the current spectacles when sighting in with a Helmet Display Unit (HDU). A current Air Force flight frame was modified in-lab and the purpose of this study was to evaluate the FOV with the current Apache flight frame vs. the modified flight frame. METHODS: Recruited were 21 Apache pilots to assess FOV under three conditions: 1) wearing the current Apache frame; 2) wearing the modified Apache frame; and 3) wearing no frame...
September 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Hani D Freeman, Annie J Valuska, Ryan R Taylor, Gina M Ferrie, Alison P Grand, Katherine A Leighty
There is evidence that plumage coloration is related to mate choice in several different bird species. However, the relationship between plumage coloration to mate or other social partner choice has rarely been investigated in flamingos. This is important to study because we know plumage coloration can be an indicator of welfare. We assessed plumage color score in relation to sex, age, and social partner choice over a 9-month period in a flock of 34 adult greater flamingos (Phoenicopterus roseus) living at Disney's Animal Kingdom(®) ...
September 2016: Zoo Biology
Mette Rose Jørgensen, Gina Castiblanco, Svante Twetman, Mette Kirstine Keller
PURPOSE: This review summarized the available literature on the prevention of childhood caries through biofilm engineering with probiotic bacteria in early childhood. METHODS: Three databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library and Trip) were searched through January, 2016 for randomized controlled trials published in English. Out of 144 abstracts, seven studies fulfilled the predetermined inclusion criteria and were quality assessed with respect to risk of bias independently by two examiners...
June 2016: American Journal of Dentistry
Aleksandra Leligdowicz, William A Fischer, Timothy M Uyeki, Thomas E Fletcher, Neill K J Adhikari, Gina Portella, Francois Lamontagne, Christophe Clement, Shevin T Jacob, Lewis Rubinson, Abel Vanderschuren, Jan Hajek, Srinivas Murthy, Mauricio Ferri, Ian Crozier, Elhadj Ibrahima, Marie-Claire Lamah, John S Schieffelin, David Brett-Major, Daniel G Bausch, Nikki Shindo, Adrienne K Chan, Tim O'Dempsey, Sharmistha Mishra, Michael Jacobs, Stuart Dickson, G Marshall Lyon, Robert A Fowler
As of 20 May 2016 there have been 28,646 cases and 11,323 deaths resulting from the West African Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak reported to the World Health Organization. There continue to be sporadic flare-ups of EVD cases in West Africa.EVD presentation is nonspecific and characterized initially by onset of fatigue, myalgias, arthralgias, headache, and fever; this is followed several days later by anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. Anorexia and gastrointestinal losses lead to dehydration, electrolyte abnormalities, and metabolic acidosis, and, in some patients, acute kidney injury...
July 29, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Katharine M Esselen, Angel M Cronin, Kristin Bixel, Michael A Bookman, Robert A Burger, David E Cohn, Mihaela Cristea, Jennifer J Griggs, Charles F Levenback, Gina Mantia-Smaldone, Larissa A Meyer, Ursula A Matulonis, Joyce C Niland, Charlotte Sun, David M O'Malley, Alexi A Wright
Importance: A 2009 randomized clinical trial demonstrated that using cancer antigen 125 (CA-125) tests for routine surveillance in ovarian cancer increases the use of chemotherapy and decreases patients' quality of life without improving survival, compared with clinical observation. The Society of Gynecologic Oncology guidelines categorize CA-125 testing as optional and discourage the use of radiographic imaging for routine surveillance. To date, few studies have examined the use of CA-125 tests in clinical practice...
July 21, 2016: JAMA Oncology
Michael Robbins
Formless Infinity: Clinical Explorations of Matte Blanco and Bion. By Riccardo Lombardi. Translated by Karen Christenfeld, Gina Atkinson, Andrea Sabbadini, and Philip Slotkin. London/New York: Routledge, 2016. 282 pp.
July 2016: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
Onur Turan, Pakize Ayse Turan, Arzu Mirici
AIM: One of the most significant problems in the treatment of elderly patients is incorrect use of inhaler devices. The purpose of the present study was to assess the parameters affecting treatment adherence among elderly patients. METHODS: Spirometry, the Mini-Mental State Examination for cognitive impairment and the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale-4 were carried out in 121 (88 chronic obstructive lung disease patients according to the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease, 33 asthma patients according to The Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) criteria) participants aged over 65 years...
July 18, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Raquel Lemos, Isabel Santana, Gina Caetano, Inês Bernardino, Ricardo Morais, Reza Farivar, Miguel Castelo-Branco
OBJECTIVES: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) has been associated with a high risk of conversion to Alzheimer's dementia. In addition to memory complaints, impairments in the visuospatial domain have been reported in this condition. We have previously shown that deficits in perceiving structure-from-motion (SFM) objects are reflected in functional reorganization of brain activity within the visual ventral stream. Here we aimed to identify structural correlates of psychophysical complex face and object recognition performance in amnestic MCI patients (n=30 vs...
August 2016: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
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