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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101496/how-cognitive-engagement-fluctuates-during-a-team-based-learning-session-and-how-it-predicts-academic-achievement
#1
Jerome I Rotgans, Henk G Schmidt, Preman Rajalingam, Joey Wong Ying Hao, Claire Ann Canning, Michael A Ferenczi, Naomi Low-Beer
The objective of the paper is to report findings of two studies that attempted to find answers to the following questions: (1) What are the levels of cognitive engagement in TBL? (2) Are there differences between students who were more exposed to TBL than students who were less exposed to TBL? (3) To which extent does cognitive engagement fluctuate as a function of the different activities involved in TBL? And (4) How do cognitive engagement scores collected over time correlate with each other and with academic achievement? The studies were conducted with Year-1 and -2 medical students enrolled in a TBL curriculum (N = 175, 62 female)...
November 3, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096591/comparison-between-flipped-classroom-and-lecture-based-classroom-in-ophthalmology-clerkship
#2
Fen Tang, Chuan Chen, Yi Zhu, Chengguo Zuo, Yimin Zhong, Nan Wang, Lijun Zhou, Yuxian Zou, Dan Liang
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the flipped classroom method of teaching has received much attention in health sciences education. However, the application of flipped classrooms in ophthalmology education has not been well investigated. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to investigate the effectiveness and acceptability of the flipped classroom approach to teaching ophthalmology at the clerkship level. DESIGN: Ninety-five fourth year medical students in an ophthalmology clerkship were randomly divided into two groups...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064310/hidden-blood-loss-and-its-influential-factors-after-laparoscopy-assisted-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#3
Chao Zhang, Heng-Wei Fan, Wan-Wan Yi, Zhi-Qiang Zheng
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopy-assisted gastrectomy (LAG) is a minimally invasive procedure for the treatment of gastric cancer. It is generally thought that a minimally invasive technique results in less visible blood loss during the surgery. Nevertheless, a meaningful perioperative hidden blood loss (HBL) is often ignored. In this study, we investigated the amount of HBL and the influential factors after LAG for gastric cancer. METHODS: A retrospectively analyzed clinical data of 62 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopy-assisted total or distal gastrectomy at our center from May 2016 to May 2017...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050276/a-new-donors-cyp3a5-and-recipients-cyp3a4-cluster-predicting-tacrolimus-disposition-and-new-onset-hypertension-in-chinese-liver-transplant-patients
#4
Yuan Liu, Tao Zhang, Xiaoqing Zhang, Ling Ye, Haitao Gu, Lin Zhong, Hongcheng Sun, Chenlong Song, Zhihai Peng, Junwei Fan
AIM: The purpose of the current study was to investigate individualized therapy of tacrolimus (Tac), as well as complications after liver transplantation (LT) with the known genetic determinants and clinical factors. METHODS: In this retrospective study, two cohorts (n=170) from the China Liver Transplant Registry (CLTR) database from July 2007 to March 2015 were included. RESULTS: Both donors' CYP3A5*3 and recipients' CYP3A4*1G had a correlation with Tac pharmacokinetics at four weeks (all P<0...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049210/topical-use-of-tranexamic-acid-can-effectively-decrease-hidden-blood-loss-during-posterior-lumbar-spinal-fusion-surgery-a-retrospective-study
#5
Zhinan Ren, Shugang Li, Lin Sheng, Qianyu Zhuang, Zheng Li, Derong Xu, Xin Chen, Pengxiang Jiang, Xiao Zhang
In spinal fusion surgery, total blood loss (TBL) is composed of visible blood loss from the surgical field and wound drainage, and hidden blood loss (HBL). Until now, no published studies exist reporting the effect of topical use of tranexamic acid (tTXA) on HBL in patients undergoing posterior lumbar spinal fusion surgery. This study aimed to explore the effect of tTXA on HBL during primary posterior lumbar spinal fusion surgery. Between September 2014 and September 2016, 100 adult patients (age > 18 years) with lumbar disc herniation or lumbar spinal stenosis undergoing primary posterior lumbar instrumented spinal fusions at 1 institution were divided into tTXA and control groups...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045913/team-based-learning-in-nursing-and-midwifery-higher-education-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence-for-change
#6
REVIEW
Chris Dearnley, Christine Rhodes, Peter Roberts, Pam Williams, Sarah Prenton
REVIEW AIM: The aim of this study is to review the evidence in relation to the experiences and outcomes of students on nursing and/or midwifery higher education programmes, who experience team based learning. REVIEW OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between team based learning and attainment for nursing and midwifery students in professional higher education. To examine the relationship between team based learning and student satisfaction for nurses and midwifery students in higher education...
September 28, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975711/temporal-brow-lift-vs-internal-browpexy-in-females-undergoing-upper-blepharoplasty-effects-on-lateral-brow-lifting
#7
Alireza Zandi, Behzad Ranjbar-Omidi, Mohsen Pourazizi
BACKGROUND: Lateral brow-lifting surgical procedures in conjunction with upper blepharoplasty may prevent secondary descent following upper blepharoplasty. OBJECTIVE: To compare the results of internal browpexy (IBP) and temporal brow lift (TBL) in patients with dermatochalasis undergoing simultaneous upper blepharoplasty. METHODS: This study was a single-center, parallel-group randomized controlled trial conducted on 32 female patients suitable for upper blepharoplasty...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970673/effectiveness-of-team-based-learning-methodology-in-teaching-transfusion-medicine-to-medical-undergraduates-in-third-semester-a-comparative-study
#8
Neena Piyush Doshi
BACKGROUND: Team-based learning (TBL) combines small and large group learning by incorporating multiple small groups in a large group setting. It is a teacher-directed method that encourages student-student interaction. This study compares student learning and teaching satisfaction between conventional lecture and TBL in the subject of pathology. AIMS: The present study is aimed to assess the effectiveness of TBL method of teaching over the conventional lecture...
July 2017: Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970604/influence-of-reading-material-characteristics-on-study-time-for-pre-class-quizzes-in-a-flipped-classroom
#9
Adam M Persky, Abigail Hogg
Objective. To examine how instructor-developed reading material relates to pre-class time spent preparing for the readiness assurance process (RAP) in a team-based learning (TBL) course. Methods. Students within pharmacokinetics and physiology were asked to self-report the amount of time spent studying for the RAP. Correlation analysis and multilevel linear regression techniques were used to identify factors within the pre-class reading material that contribute to self-reported study time. Results. On average students spent 3...
August 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950794/the-optimal-protocol-to-reduce-blood-loss-and-blood-transfusion-after-unilateral-total-knee-replacement-low-dose-ia-txa-plus-30-min-drain-clamping-versus-drainage-clamping-for-the-first-3-h-without-ia-txa
#10
Joo Hyun Park, Sung Wook Choi, Eun Ho Shin, Myung Hoon Park, Myung Ku Kim
INTRODUCTION: Although intraarticular tranexamic acid (IA-TXA) administration or drainage clamping are popular methods used to reduce blood loss after total knee replacement (TKR), the protocol remains controversial. We aimed (1) to establish new protocols through investigating whether two methods, that is, low-dose (500 mg) IA-TXA plus 30-min drain clamping and drainage clamping for the first 3 h without IA-TXA, can reduce blood loss and blood transfusion after unilateral TKR and (2) to make recommendations related to clinical application...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914990/simulating-the-multi-disciplinary-care-team-approach-enhancing-student-understanding-of-anatomy-through-an-ultrasound-anchored-interprofessional-session
#11
Marianne T Luetmer, Beth A Cloud, James W Youdas, Wojciech Pawlina, Nirusha Lachman
Quality of healthcare delivery is dependent on collaboration between professional disciplines. Integrating opportunities for interprofessional learning in health science education programs prepares future clinicians to function as effective members of a multi-disciplinary care team. This study aimed to create a modified team-based learning (TBL) environment utilizing ultrasound technology during an interprofessional learning activity to enhance musculoskeletal anatomy knowledge of first year medical (MD) and physical therapy (PT) students...
September 15, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883212/verification-of-learning-effects-by-team-based-learning
#12
Shin-Ichi Ono, Yoshihisa Ito, Kumiko Ishige, Norio Inokuchi, Yasuhiro Kosuge, Satoru Asami, Megumi Izumisawa, Hiroko Kobayashi, Hiroyuki Hayashi, Takashi Suzuki, Yukinaga Kishikawa, Harumi Hata, Eiji Kose, Kei-Ichi Tabata
It has been recommended that active learning methods, such as team-based learning (TBL) and problem-based learning (PBL), be introduced into university classes by the Central Council for Education. As such, for the past 3 years, we have implemented TBL in a medical therapeutics course for 4-year students. Based upon our experience, TBL is characterized as follows: TBL needs fewer teachers than PBL to conduct a TBL module. TBL enables both students and teachers to recognize and confirm the learning results from preparation and reviewing...
September 5, 2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882184/modified-task-based-learning-program-promotes-problem-solving-capacity-among-chinese-medical-postgraduates-a-mixed-quantitative-survey
#13
Yanping Tian, Chengren Li, Jiali Wang, Qiyan Cai, Hanzhi Wang, Xingshu Chen, Yunlai Liu, Feng Mei, Lan Xiao, Rui Jian, Hongli Li
BACKGROUND: Despite great advances, China's postgraduate education faces many problems, for example traditional lecture-based learning (LBL) method provides fewer oppotunities to apply knowledge in a working situation. Task-based learning (TBL) is an efficient strategy for increasing the connections among skills, knowledge and competences. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of a modified TBL model on problem-solving abilities among postgraduate medical students in China. METHODS: We allocated 228 first-year postgraduate students at Third Military Medical University into two groups: the TBL group and LBL group...
September 7, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844914/comparison-of-the-total-and-hidden-blood-loss-in-patients-undergoing-open-and-minimally-invasive-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion
#14
Hui Zhang, Ze-Xin Chen, Ze-Ming Sun, Chao Jiang, Wen-Fei Ni, Yan Lin, Yao-Sen Wu
PURPOSE: This study examined the volume of hidden blood loss (HBL) and compared perioperative blood loss between minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MI-TLIF) and open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (O-TLIF). METHODS: Forty-eight patients who were treated with MI-TLIF and 59 patients treated with O-TLIF were enrolled in this study. Patients' height, weight, and preoperative and postoperative hematocrit (Hct) were recorded and used to calculate total blood loss (TBL) according to the Gross formula...
November 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835867/total-blood-loss-after-transfemoral-amputations-is-twice-the-intraoperative-loss-an-observational-cohort-study-of-81-nontraumatic-amputations
#15
Christian Wied, Peter T Tengberg, Morten T Kristensen, Gitte Holm, Thomas Kallemose, Anders Troelsen, Nicolai B Foss
INTRODUCTION: Underestimation of the actual blood loss in patients undergoing nontraumatic transfemoral amputation (TFA) can impact negatively on outcome in these often frail patients, with very limited physiological reserves. The primary aim of this study is to estimate the total blood loss (TBL) after TFA, and second, to evaluate the impact of blood loss on 30-day mortality and medical complications. METHODS: A single-center retrospective cohort study conducted from 2013 to 2015...
September 2017: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818008/occupational-therapy-student-experiences-of-a-university-mental-health-course-based-on-an-integrated-application-of-problem-based-and-team-based-learning
#16
Annika Lexén, Jenny Hultqvist, Gunilla Amnér
BACKGROUND: The goal of problem-based and team-based learning (PBL/TBL) is to maximize student engagement and encourage interactive learning. Combining these methods in course design is described as a win-win situation that optimizes student learning, professional development, and uses varied teaching approaches that fit well within health science. More research is needed in the effectiveness of such a hybrid approach. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore student experiences of a newly developed mental health course based on an integrated application of PBL and TBL in a university occupational therapy program in Sweden...
August 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753047/leadership-identity-development-through-reflection-and-feedback-in-team-based-learning-medical-student-teams
#17
Maryam Alizadeh, Azim Mirzazadeh, Dean X Parmelee, Elizabeth Peyton, Neda Mehrdad, Leila Janani, Hooman Shahsavari
PROBLEM: Studies on leadership identity development through reflection with Team-Based Learning (TBL) in medical student education are rare. We assumed that reflection and feedback on the team leadership process would advance the progression through leadership identity development stages in medical students within the context of classes using TBL. INTERVENTION: This study is a quasi-experimental design with pretest-posttest control group. The pretest and posttest were reflection papers of medical students about their experience of leadership during their TBL sessions...
July 28, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719816/sulfate-radical-induced-degradation-of-%C3%AE-2-adrenoceptor-agonists-salbutamol-and-terbutaline-phenoxyl-radical-dependent-mechanisms
#18
Lei Zhou, Mohamad Sleiman, Corinne Ferronato, Jean-Marc Chovelon, Pascal de Sainte-Claire, Claire Richard
The present study investigated the reactivity and oxidation mechanisms of salbutamol (SAL) and terbutaline (TBL), two typical β2-adrenoceptor agonists, towards sulfate radical (SO4(-)) by using photo-activated persulfate (PS). The reaction pathways and mechanisms were proposed based on products identification using high resolution HPLC-ESI-MS, laser flash photolysis (LFP) and molecular orbital calculations. The results indicated that SO4(-) was the dominant reactive species in the UV/PS process. The second-order rate constants of sulfate radical reaction with SAL and TBL were measured as (3...
October 15, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717985/basic-echocardiography-for-undergraduate-students-a-comparison-of-different-peer-teaching-approaches
#19
G Gradl-Dietsch, A K Menon, A Gürsel, A Götzenich, N Hatam, A Aljalloud, S Schrading, F Hölzl, M Knobe
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of different teaching interventions in a peer-teaching environment on basic echocardiography skills and to examine the influence of gender on learning outcomes. METHODS: We randomly assigned 79 s year medical students (55 women, 24 men) to one of four groups: peer teaching (PT), peer teaching using Peyton's four-step approach (PPT), team based learning (TBL) and video-based learning (VBL). All groups received theoretical and practical hands-on training according to the different approaches...
July 17, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705246/effects-of-additional-team-based-learning-on-students-clinical-reasoning-skills-a-pilot-study
#20
Meike Jost, Peter Brüstle, Marianne Giesler, Michel Rijntjes, Jochen Brich
BACKGROUND: In the field of Neurology good clinical reasoning skills are essential for successful diagnosing and treatment. Team-based learning (TBL), an active learning and small group instructional strategy, is a promising method for fostering these skills. The aim of this pilot study was to examine the effects of a supplementary TBL-class on students' clinical decision-making skills. METHODS: Fourth- and fifth-year medical students participated in this pilot study (static-group comparison design)...
July 14, 2017: BMC Research Notes
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