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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818008/occupational-therapy-student-experiences-of-a-university-mental-health-course-based-on-an-integrated-application-of-problem-based-and-team-based-learning
#1
Annika Lexén, Jenny Hultqvist, Gunilla Amnér
BACKGROUND: The goal of problem-based and team-based learning (PBL/TBL) is to maximize student engagement and encourage interactive learning. Combining these methods in course design is described as a win-win situation that optimizes student learning, professional development, and uses varied teaching approaches that fit well within health science. More research is needed in the effectiveness of such a hybrid approach. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore student experiences of a newly developed mental health course based on an integrated application of PBL and TBL in a university occupational therapy program in Sweden...
August 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753047/leadership-identity-development-through-reflection-and-feedback-in-team-based-learning-medical-student-teams
#2
Maryam Alizadeh, Azim Mirzazadeh, Dean X Parmelee, Elizabeth Peyton, Neda Mehrdad, Leila Janani, Hooman Shahsavari
PROBLEM: Studies on leadership identity development through reflection with Team-Based Learning (TBL) in medical student education are rare. We assumed that reflection and feedback on the team leadership process would advance the progression through leadership identity development stages in medical students within the context of classes using TBL. INTERVENTION: This study is a quasi-experimental design with pretest-posttest control group. The pretest and posttest were reflection papers of medical students about their experience of leadership during their TBL sessions...
July 28, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719816/sulfate-radical-induced-degradation-of-%C3%AE-2-adrenoceptor-agonists-salbutamol-and-terbutaline-phenoxyl-radical-dependent-mechanisms
#3
Lei Zhou, Mohamad Sleiman, Corinne Ferronato, Jean-Marc Chovelon, Pascal de Sainte-Claire, Claire Richard
The present study investigated the reactivity and oxidation mechanisms of salbutamol (SAL) and terbutaline (TBL), two typical β2-adrenoceptor agonists, towards sulfate radical (SO4(-)) by using photo-activated persulfate (PS). The reaction pathways and mechanisms were proposed based on products identification using high resolution HPLC-ESI-MS, laser flash photolysis (LFP) and molecular orbital calculations. The results indicated that SO4(-) was the dominant reactive species in the UV/PS process. The second-order rate constants of sulfate radical reaction with SAL and TBL were measured as (3...
July 14, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717985/basic-echocardiography-for-undergraduate-students-a-comparison-of-different-peer-teaching-approaches
#4
G Gradl-Dietsch, A K Menon, A Gürsel, A Götzenich, N Hatam, A Aljalloud, S Schrading, F Hölzl, M Knobe
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of different teaching interventions in a peer-teaching environment on basic echocardiography skills and to examine the influence of gender on learning outcomes. METHODS: We randomly assigned 79 s year medical students (55 women, 24 men) to one of four groups: peer teaching (PT), peer teaching using Peyton's four-step approach (PPT), team based learning (TBL) and video-based learning (VBL). All groups received theoretical and practical hands-on training according to the different approaches...
July 17, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705246/effects-of-additional-team-based-learning-on-students-clinical-reasoning-skills-a-pilot-study
#5
Meike Jost, Peter Brüstle, Marianne Giesler, Michel Rijntjes, Jochen Brich
BACKGROUND: In the field of Neurology good clinical reasoning skills are essential for successful diagnosing and treatment. Team-based learning (TBL), an active learning and small group instructional strategy, is a promising method for fostering these skills. The aim of this pilot study was to examine the effects of a supplementary TBL-class on students' clinical decision-making skills. METHODS: Fourth- and fifth-year medical students participated in this pilot study (static-group comparison design)...
July 14, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700512/influence-of-morphology-and-strength-on-front-crawl-swimming-speed-in-junior-and-youth-age-group-swimmers
#6
Marek Strzała, Arkadiusz Stanula, Piotr Krężałek, Andrzej Ostrowski, Marcin Kaca, Grzegorz Głąb
OBJECTIVES: this study, conducted in two male age groups, was aimed at analysing the influence of body properties, dry-land strength and swimming strength on 50 m crawl (VCrawl). METHODS: We examined two competitive groups, Youth (20.6 ± 1.05), and Junior, (17.3 ± 0.59), through: a. (lean) body mass (BM and LBM), (total) body height (BH and TBL) and arm span (AS); b. counter movement jump (CMJ) and maximum isometric strength of elbow and knee joints; c. tethered crawl strength...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693817/investigation-of-perioperative-hidden-blood-loss-of-unstable-intertrochanteric-fracture-in-the-elderly-treated-with-different-intramedullary-fixations
#7
Xu Yang, Qiang Wu, Xin Wang
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate perioperative hidden blood loss (PHBL) of unstable intertrochanteric fracture (UIF) in the elderly treated with different intramedullary fixations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 120 consecutive elderly patients with UIF treated by intramedullary nails between January 2013 and September 2016 were enrolled in the retrospective study, including 52 patients (mean age 79.6±6.3) for the Third generation Gamma Nail (TGN), 51 patients (mean age 79...
June 24, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679573/the-effect-of-flipped-teaching-combined-with-modified-team-based-learning-on-student-performance-in-physiology
#8
Chaya Gopalan, Megan C Klann
Flipped classroom is a hybrid educational format that shifts guided teaching out of class, thus allowing class time for student-centered learning. Although this innovative teaching format is gaining attention, there is limited evidence on the effectiveness of flipped teaching on student performance. We compared student performance and student attitudes toward flipped teaching with that of traditional lectures using a partial flipped study design. Flipped teaching expected students to have completed preclass material, such as assigned reading, instructor-prepared lecture video(s), and PowerPoint slides...
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669144/cross-validation-of-a-team-based-learning-student-perception-scale-in-the-united-states
#9
Donald H Lein, John D Lowman, Christopher A Eidson, Hon K Yuen
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to cross-validate the factor structure of a previously developed Student Perceptions of Team-Based Learning (TBL) scale for medical students in an entry-level Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) program in the United States. Methods: Toward the end of two patient/client management courses, 115 DPT students completed the Student Perceptions of TBL questionnaire, with a response rate of 87%. Principal component analysis (PCA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were conducted to replicate and confirm the underlying factor structure of the scale...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664760/a-systematic-review-of-the-published-literature-on-team-based-learning-in-health-professions-education
#10
Tyler Reimschisel, Anna L Herring, Jennifer Huang, Tara J Minor
PURPOSE: Summarize the published literature on team-based learning (TBL) in health professions education (HPE) using the TBL conceptual framework to identify gaps that can guide future research Methods: PubMed, Web of Science, ERIC, and Google Scholar were searched through May 2016 for English-language articles regarding the use of TBL in HPE. Reviewers independently extracted data and coded for the seven elements in Michaelsen's Model of TBL. RESULTS: A total of 118 articles met inclusion criteria...
June 30, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662259/team-based-learning-in-a-community-health-nursing-course-improving-academic-outcomes
#11
Jane M Miles, Kim L Larson, Melvin Swanson
BACKGROUND: Population health concepts, such as upstream thinking, present challenging ideas to undergraduate nursing students grounded in an acute care orientation. The purpose of this study was to describe how team-based learning (TBL) influenced academic outcomes in a community health nursing course. METHOD: A descriptive correlational design examined the relationship among student scores on individual readiness assurance tests (iRATs), team readiness assurance tests (tRATs), and the final examination...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567578/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-multiple-dose-intravenous-tranexamic-acid-on-blood-loss-following-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Yiting Lei, Jinwei Xie, Bin Xu, Xiaowei Xie, Qiang Huang, Fuxing Pei
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy and safety of multiple-dose intravenous tranexamic acid (IV-TXA) on blood loss following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: One hundred fifty nine patients received one bolus of IV-TXA before skin incision and two boluses three and six hours later (group A), or another bolus nine hours later (group B), or another two boluses nine and 12 hours later (group C). The primary outcomes were total blood loss (TBL), hidden blood loss (HBL), and maximum haemoglobin (Hb) drop...
May 31, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500461/predicting-success-in-percutaneous-transhepatic-biliary-drainage
#13
Ankaj Khosla, Yin Xi, Seth Toomay
PURPOSE: To develop a model to predict successful bilirubin decrease following percutaneous biliary drain placement. METHODS: A total of 257 patients who were identified having undergone percutaneous transhepatic biliary drain placement (PTBD) at our institution between 2002 and 2013 had their medical records and imaging reviewed. Of those, 190 of these patients met criteria and were used in the analysis. A regression model was performed on logarithm-transformed collected variables to predict post-drainage logarithmic transformed total bilirubin levels...
May 12, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496275/qualitative-analysis-of-student-perceptions-comparing-team-based-learning-and-traditional-lecture-in-a-pharmacotherapeutics-course
#14
Tami L Remington, Barry E Bleske, Tracy Bartholomew, Michael P Dorsch, Sally K Guthrie, Kristin C Klein, Jeffrey M Tingen, Trisha D Wells
Objective. To qualitatively compare students' attitudes and perceptions regarding team-based learning (TBL) and lecture. Design. Students were exposed to TBL and lecture in an elective pharmacotherapeutics course in a randomized, prospective, cross-over design. After completing the course, students provided their attitudes and perceptions through a written self-reflection and narrative questions on the end-of-course evaluation. Student responses were reviewed using a grounded theory coding method. Assessment...
April 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472506/transport-related-stress-and-its-resolution-in-turkey-pullets-activation-of-a-pro-inflammatory-response-in-peripheral-blood-leukocytes
#15
Yossi Wein, Zohar Geva, Enav Bar-Shira, Aharon Friedman
The transportation process is one of the most stressful practices in poultry and livestock management. Extensive knowledge is available on the impact of transport on stress and animal welfare; however, little is known on the impact of transport on the physiology of turkey pullets, their welfare and health, and even less on the process of homeostatic recovery in the post-transport new environment. The main focus of this manuscript was to focus on trauma, stress, and recovery following transport of turkey pullets from nurseries to pullet farms...
May 3, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471931/evaluating-self-efficacy-after-a-team-based-learning-activity
#16
Camille Loftin, Holly West
PURPOSE: Evidence suggests that confidence in learning may improve academic performance. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB) physician assistant (PA) student's self-efficacy for learning end-of-life (EOL) care after a team-based learning (TBL) activity. Confidence in the PA student's critical thinking skills after a TBL activity was also assessed. METHODS: This research used a pretest-posttest 2-group design. Eighty-seven UTMB didactic-year PA students were randomly assigned to a TBL group (n = 43) or non-TBL group (n = 44)...
June 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412667/nurses-perceptions-of-the-impact-of-team-based-learning-participation-on-learning-style-team-behaviours-and-clinical-performance-an-exploration-of-written-reflections
#17
Elizabeth Oldland, Judy Currey, Julie Considine, Josh Allen
Team-Based Learning (TBL) is a teaching strategy designed to promote problem solving, critical thinking and effective teamwork and communication skills; attributes essential for safe healthcare. The aim was to explore postgraduate student perceptions of the role of TBL in shaping learning style, team skills, and professional and clinical behaviours. An exploratory descriptive approach was selected. Critical care students were invited to provide consent for the use for research purposes of written reflections submitted for course work requirements...
May 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379087/uncover-it-students-would-learn-leadership-from-team-based-learning-tbl-the-effect-of-guided-reflection-and-feedback
#18
Maryam Alizadeh, Azim Mirzazadeh, Dean X Parmelee, Elizabeth Peyton, Leila Janani, Gholamreza Hassanzadeh, Saharnaz Nedjat
CONTEXT: Little is known about best practices for teaching and learning leadership through Team-Based learning™ (TBL™) with medical students. We hypothesized that guided reflection and feedback would improve shared leadership and shared leadership capacity, and enhance team decision quality in TBL teams. We used the Kolb experiential learning theory as the theoretical framework. METHOD: The study was conducted at Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Three TBL sessions with 206 students (39 teams) participated in the study...
April 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375329/study-of-a-weak-scattering-model-in-aero-optic-simulations-and-its-computation
#19
Lingfei Xu, Zhichao Zhou, Tianrong Ren
Atmosphere optic statistical modeling cannot be used to analyze aerodynamic flow laser beam propagation characteristics without accounting for the density spectrum of the refractive index. However, numerical simulations support the analysis of these characteristics through ray tracing, random-phase-screen diffraction modeling, and Maxwell-equation-based scattering modeling. We analyzed the laser-beam propagation in aero-optics using the Maxwell-equation-based scattering model. Three approaches offer solutions to Maxwell's equations in statistically inhomogeneous media: high-order numerical differentiations with paraxial approximation and Runge-Kutta methods, Born-approximated scattering potential integral equations, and Rytov-approximated scattering potential integral equations...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331383/applying-team-based-learning-of-diagnostics-for-undergraduate-students-assessing-teaching-effectiveness-by-a-randomized-controlled-trial-study
#20
Rui Zeng, Lian-Rui Xiang, Jing Zeng, Chuan Zuo
BACKGROUND: We aimed to introduce team-based learning (TBL) as one of the teaching methods for diagnostics and to compare its teaching effectiveness with that of the traditional teaching methods. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial on diagnostics teaching involving 111 third-year medical undergraduates, using TBL as the experimental intervention, compared with lecture-based learning as the control, for teaching the two topics of symptomatology. Individual Readiness Assurance Test (IRAT)-baseline and Group Readiness Assurance Test (GRAT) were performed in members of each TBL subgroup...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
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