Read by QxMD icon Read


Shuai Liu, Xingzhu Ju, Zheng Feng, Hao Wen, Junyan Xu, Xiaojun Chen, Xiaohua Wu
OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to explore the prognostic influence of tumor-to-background ratios (TBRs) of the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) in advanced high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSC) patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively investigated 51 advanced HGSC patients who underwent PET/CT before primary surgery at our hospital between January 2010 and June 2015. None of these patients received neoadjuvant chemotherapy. SUVmax of ovarian tumor (SUVmax-P) and background (SUVmax-B) were measured using a PET/CT workstation...
April 2018: Nuclear Medicine Communications
Kyung Eun Lee
BACKGROUND: An important goal of nursing education is helping students achieve core competencies efficiently. One proposed way of improving nursing education is team-based learning (TBL). PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the comparative effectiveness of TBL and lecture-style classes in terms of teaching core competencies in nursing education, which include clinical competence skills, problem-solving ability, communication competencies, critical thinking ability, and self-leadership...
April 2018: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
Zi-Jian Li, Min-Wei Zhao, Lin Zeng
Background: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is the most frequently performed procedure in treating advanced knee osteoarthritis. Excessive perioperative blood loss can sometimes lead to postoperative anemia. Tranexamic acid (TXA) is a potent fibrinolysis inhibitor which has been extensively used at the surgical incision and closure to lower overall blood loss in adult reconstruction surgery. Our previous study suggested that about two-thirds of the total blood loss (TBL) came from hidden blood loss (HBL) on postoperative days 1 and 2...
March 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
Hyun Bae Yoon, Wan Beom Park, Sun-Jung Myung, Sang Hui Moon, Jun-Bean Park
PURPOSE: Team-based learning (TBL) is increasingly employed in medical education because of its potential to promote active group learning. In TBL, learners are usually asked to assess the contributions of peers within their group to ensure accountability. The purpose of this study is to assess the validity and reliability of a peer evaluation instrument that was used in TBL classes in a single medical school. METHODS: A total of 141 students were divided into 18 groups in 11 TBL classes...
March 2018: Korean Journal of Medical Education
Shaoyun Zhang, Qiang Huang, Bin Xu, Jun Ma, Guorui Cao, Fuxing Pei
Little has been published on blood management in total hip and knee arthroplasty (THA and TKA, respectively) patients focusing on both hematopoiesis and hemostasis. Our aim was to explore the effectiveness and safety of an optimized blood management program in THA and TKA patients in a large, single-center, retrospective study.We retrospectively reviewed consecutive primary unilateral THA and TKA patients' data at our institution through the National Health Database. They were divided into 3 groups according to an optimized blood management program: group A-combined use of intravenous and topical tranexamic acid (TXA); group B-use of recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) and iron supplements in addition to treatments in group A; group C-use of additional multiple boluses of TXA in addition to treatments in group B...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Mariet J Eksteen, Gerda M Reitsma, Sonet B Swart, Erika Fourie
Objective. To determine fourth-year pharmacy students' learning experiences with team-based learning (TBL) at a South African university. Methods. A survey composed of biographical data and quantitative questions focusing on student learning experiences was sent to students. There were 183 (91.5%) students who completed the survey. Results. Students had a positive experience with TBL and found it valuable and more worthwhile than traditional lecture methods, regardless of their initial negative perception of TBL...
February 2018: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Gerald Schynoll, Elizabeth Irish, Joseph Wayne, Raymond Smith
Background : Team-based learning (TBL) is an active learning strategy with descriptions of its use in resident education limited to pilot studies. Objective : We developed a comprehensive medical knowledge TBL curriculum for an internal medicine residency, and assessed feasibility. Methods : We developed a 135-topic TBL curriculum to replace a noon conference lecture series, and implemented it over a 3-year period (2013-2016). In this article we describe the planning, curricular design, faculty recruitment and development, and lesson structure...
February 2018: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Bohua Li, Jun Li, Shanxi Wang, Lei Liu
The purpose of this study was to quantify the peri-operative blood loss of elderly patients with intertrochanteric fractures treated by unreamed proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) and analyze whether the substantial hidden blood loss was induced by initial trauma or the operation. The clinical data of 123 patients with intertrochanteric fracture treated with unreamed PFNA from Jan 2013 to Apr 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. Blood routine on admission day (ADM), pre-operative day one (PRE), post-operative days one and three (POD1 and POD3) and the visible blood loss (VBL) were obtained...
February 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
K N Subramanyam, P Khanchandani, P V Tulajaprasad, J Jaipuria, A V Mundargi
AIMS: The aims of this study were to compare the efficacy and safety of intra-articular and intravenous (IV) tranexamic acid (TXA) in controlling perioperative blood loss in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) using a randomized, double-blinded equivalence trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 182 patients aged between 45 and 75 years undergoing unilateral TKA at a tertiary centre were randomized to receive TXA, either 1.5 g intra-articularly after closure of the wound (n = 91) or two doses of 10 mg/kg IV (n = 91)...
February 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
Kentaro Iwata, Asako Doi
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to investigate the medical students'perceptions of the Hybrid Educational Activities between team based learning (TBL) and problem based learning (PBL) Program (HEATAPP), a novel educational program that combines characteristics of PBL and TBL. METHODS: A five-day HEATAPP on infectious diseases was provided to 4th year medical students at Kobe University School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan. After the program, a focus group discussion was held among 6 medical students who participated in HEATAPP...
November 10, 2017: Kobe Journal of Medical Sciences
Timothy Fallon, Tania D Strout
Although Free Open Access Medical Education (FOAM) has become popular within emergency medicine, concerns exist regarding its role in resident education. We sought to develop an educational intervention whereby residents could review FOAM resources while maintaining faculty oversight. We created a novel curriculum pairing FOAM from the Academic Life in Emergence Medicine (ALiEM) Approved Instructional Resources (Air) series with a team-based learning (TBL) format. Residents have an opportunity to engage with FOAM in a structured setting with faculty input on possible practice changes...
January 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Nurul Islam, Jaehyuk Choi, Kwang-Hyun Baek
Endophytes are a potential source of novel bioactive compounds with medicinal properties. In this study, 41 endophytic bacteria (EB) were isolated from tissues of a medicinally important plant Taxus brevifolia (Pacific yew). The objective was to screen all the EB isolates for their antibacterial effects against five foodborne pathogenic bacteria: Bacillus cereus ATCC10876, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC12600, Listeria monocytogenes ATCC19115, Escherichia coli ATCC43890, and Salmonella Typhimurium ATCC19585. Among the EB isolates, T...
January 29, 2018: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
Nilgün Göktepe, Emine Türkmen, Zuhal Zeybekoğlu, Begüm Yalçin
Team-based learning (TBL) is a learner-centered method widely used in health sciences education. The aim of this action research study was to determine the contribution of TBL to the learning experience of students participating in a nursing leadership course. The study was conducted in 2 cycles over 2 semesters, and TBL was embedded in regular class hours. Results suggest that TBL made positive contributions to student learning.
January 25, 2018: Nurse Educator
Seyedeh Tahereh Faezi, Kamran Moradi, Ali Ghafar Rahimi Amin, Massoomeh Akhlaghi, Fatemeh Keshmiri
Introduction: We evaluated the effects of implementing Team-Based Learning (TBL) on student engagement, accountability, satisfaction, and preference for lecture or team-based learning. Moreover, we assessed the effect of TBL on knowledge retention and application over time through short answer questions based on clinical scenarios addressing history taking and diagnosis skills in medical students. Methods: The study was conducted in a quasi-experimental design. The study population were all of the third-year medical students (n = 84) participating in a course of rheumatology in Shariati Hospital, which is a teaching hospital affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences...
January 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
Namrata Chhabra, Sahiba Kukreja, Sarah Chhabra, Sahil Chhabra, Sameenah Khodabux, Harshal Sabane
Background: Team-based learning (TBL) strategy has been widely adapted by medical schools all over the world, but the reports regarding the perceptions and the attitudes of faculty and undergraduate medical students towards TBL approach have been conflicting. Aim: The study aimed to introduce TBL strategy in curriculum of Biochemistry after evaluating its effectiveness through perceptions and attitudes of faculty and 1st-year medical students. Materials and Methods: One hundred and fifty students of first professional M...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
Jefferson George, Krishna Kiran Eachempati, Koushik Narayan Subramanyam, A V Gurava Reddy
BACKGROUND: Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) can be associated with significant perioperative blood loss and blood transfusions. This is a prospective randomised non-inferiority trial comparing intraarticular (IA) and intravenous (IV) routes of administering Tranexamic acid (TXA) with regard to efficacy and safety. METHODS: A total of 113 patients who underwent primary unilateral TKA from January to June 2017 randomly received either 1.5g TXA in 100mL normal saline solution (IA group, n=58) or 10mg/kg TXA (IV group, n=55) at 10min before the tourniquet inflation and at tourniquet release...
January 14, 2018: Knee
Marek Strzała, Arkadiusz Stanula, Piotr Krężałek, Andrzej Ostrowski, Marcin Kaca, Grzegorz Głąb
The aim of this study was to investigate somatic properties and force production of leg extensor muscles measured in the countermovement jump test (CMJ), as well as to analyse kinematic variables of sprint surface butterfly swimming. Thirty-four male competitive swimmers were recruited with an average age of 19.3 ± 1.83 years. Their average body height (BH) was 183.7 ± 5.93 cm, body fat content 10.8 ± 2.64% and body mass (BM) 78.3 ± 5.0 kg. Length measurements of particular body segments were taken and a counter movement jump (CMJ) as well as an all-out 50 m butterfly speed test were completed...
December 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
Rachel Wiley, Zeena Shelal, Carolyn Bernard, Diana Urbauer, Eugene Toy, Lois Ramondetta
Human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination rates lag behind other vaccines, primarily because of weak provider recommendations, and are associated with nearly 30,000 new cancer diagnoses a year. Educating medical students about HPV using active, team-centered learning may increase assimilation of information and may increase vaccination rates. A team-based learning (TBL) module focused on HPV for first-year medical students about HPV will better increase knowledge and likeliness to vaccinate than traditional education methods...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Danielle M Miller, Karen Khalil, Olivia Iskaros, Jenny A Van Amburgh
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pharmacy students need to develop critical thinking and problem-solving skills as well as be a valuable team member. The use of team based learning (TBL) fosters effective team collaboration, enables continuous active and self-directed learning, and requires both individual and team accountability. The purpose was to evaluate pharmacy students' perceptions and experiences related to TBL in different years of the pharmacy curriculum. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Two classes, Introduction to the Profession of Pharmacy (intro), a required course, and Self-Care/Non-Prescription Medications (self-care), an elective course, utilize the TBL approach...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Rebecca Gryka, Mary E Kiersma, Tracy R Frame, Stephanie M Cailor, Aleda M H Chen
PURPOSE: To evaluate differences in student confidence and perceptions of biochemistry concepts using a team-based learning (TBL) format versus a traditional lecture-based format at two universities. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY: Two pedagogies (TBL vs lecture-based) were utilized to deliver biochemistry concepts at two universities in a first-professional year, semester-long biochemistry course. A 21-item instrument was created and administered pre-post semester to assess changes in confidence in learning biochemistry concepts using Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory (eight items, 5-point, Likert-type) and changes in student perceptions of biochemistry utilizing the theory of planned behavior (TPB) domains (13 items, 7- point, Likert-type)...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"