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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923254/-influence-of-attachment-style-on-the-outcome-of-bariatric-surgery-a-pilot-study
#1
Johanna Elisabeth Appel, Franziska Ift, Hermann Kißler, Christof Kloos, Thomas Lehmann, Bernhard Strauß, Katharina Wick
Background: Bariatric surgery can lower body weight and comorbidities. Different factors might influence the outcome of this treatment. This pilot study examines whether patients' attachment style can influence surgical outcome. Methods: The sample consisted of 32 patients (f=24; m=8; BMI preoperative=47,8 kg/m(2)±5,2; age=53±9,84) who underwent a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. The following variables were assessed pre- and postoperatively via questionnaires: quality of life (BAROS), self esteem (SES), depression, anxiety, psychological distress (SCL-90R), feelings of hunger, cognitive control, irritated eating behaviour (FEV) and weight related variables (BMI, EWL%, EBL%, TBL)...
December 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902664/team-based-learning-improves-staff-nurses-knowledge-of-open-and-closed-chest-cardiac-surgical-resuscitation
#2
Marion E McRae, Alice Chan, Ai Jin Lee, Renee Hulett, Bernice Coleman
BACKGROUND: There are few reports of the use of 1-session team-based learning (TBL) in hospital settings and none to teach cardiac surgical resuscitation (CSR). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether 1-session TBL is an effective method to increase nursing knowledge of CSR. METHODS: The participating subjects viewed a PowerPoint presentation about CSR prior to the learning session. Participants completed a 16-item individual readiness assessment test...
January 2017: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888597/team-based-learning-a-new-approach-toward-improving-education
#3
Rita Rezaee, Neda Moadeb, Nasrin Shokrpour
 Team-based learning is designed to provide students with both conceptual and procedural knowledge, aiming to enhance active learning and critical thinking. In the present study, team-based learning and lecture methods in teaching the "hospital organization and management" course among hospital management students were compared. This quasi-experimental study was conducted on 25 undergraduate students of management. Teaching sessions were divided into two parts. The first part was taught with interactive lectures and the second part with team-based learning method...
October 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873411/training-physicians-for-the-real-world-of-medicine-administration-based-learning
#4
Jason Rosenstock, Garrett M Sparks
Tired of outdated teaching formats like case-based learning (CBL), problem-based learning (PBL) and team-based learning (TBL)? We wanted something fresh for our medical school, something that would prepare our graduates for the modern practice of medicine, something that would satisfy regulatory agencies and our deans. After doing an extensive needs assessment, which we ignored, we decided to replace basic science in our curriculum with something more practical: administration-based learning (ABL). We taught students how to fix fax machines, how to deal with angry team members, and how to maximise revenue in private practice - lessons that were well received and were more consistent with what physicians really need to learn to be effective practitioners...
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864442/two-trichome-birefringence-like-proteins-mediate-xylan-acetylation-which-is-essential-for-leaf-blight-resistance-in-rice
#5
Yaping Gao, Congwu He, Dongmei Zhang, Xiangling Liu, Zuopeng Xu, Tian Yanbao, Xue-Hui Liu, Shanshan Zang, Markus Pauly, Yihua Zhou, Baocai Zhang
Acetylation is a ubiquitous modification on cell wall polymers, which play a structural role in plant growth and stress defenses. However, the mechanisms for how crop plants accomplish cell-wall polymer O-acetylation are largely unknown. Here, we report on the isolation and characterization of two trichome birefringence-like (tbl) mutants in rice, which are affected in xylan O-acetylation. ostbl1 and ostbl2 single mutant and the tbl1 tbl2 double mutant displayed a stunted growth phenotype with varied degree of dwarfism...
November 18, 2016: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836858/assessment-of-first-year-medical-students-perceptions-of-teaching-and-learning-through-team-based-learning-sessions
#6
Adam S Obad, Ahmed A Peeran, Mohammad Abrar Shareef, Wissal J Alsheikh, Dana A Kalagi, Abdulhadi A AlAmodi, Tehreem A Khan, Abdul Ahad Shaikh, Paul Ganguly, Ahmed Yaqinuddin
Team-based learning (TBL) is an emerging teaching and learning strategy being employed in medical schools. The College of Medicine at Alfaisal University has adopted a TBL approach as an instructional method for first-year medical students. The aim of the present study was to describe the TBL method employed at Alfaisal University College of Medicine and to assess first-year medical students' perceptions of this learning modality for the anatomy- and physiology-based blocks/courses in organ systems form of curriculum...
December 2016: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826187/a-prospective-study-about-the-preoperative-total-blood-loss-in-older-people-with-hip-fracture
#7
Jie-Zhou Wu, Peng-Cheng Liu, Wei Ge, Ming Cai
PURPOSE: Our study is to confirm that hemoglobin (Hb) level is significantly reduced before operation in elderly patients with hip fracture and to specify potential amounts of bleeding and Hb decline in different types of fractures. METHODS: A prospective analysis was made on the clinical data of 349 patients with both a diagnosis of hip fracture and an operative delay of greater than 72 hours between April 2014 and February 2016. Hb concentration was measured on a daily basis before the surgery...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794266/reduced-systemic-and-mycobacterial-antigen-stimulated-concentrations-of-il-1%C3%AE-and-il-18-in-tuberculous-lymphadenitis
#8
Gokul Raj Kathamuthu, Kadar Moideen, Dhanaraj Bhaskaran, Gomathi Sekar, Rathinam Sridhar, Bharathi Vidyajayanthi, Ganeshan Gajendraraj, Subash Babu
BACKGROUND: Type 1, Type 17 and other pro-inflammatory cytokines are known to play an important role in resistance to pulmonary tuberculosis. The role of these cytokines in tuberculous lymphadenitis (TBL) is not well characterized. METHODS: To estimate the systemic and mycobacterial antigen - stimulated cytokine concentrations of Type 1, Type 17, other pro-inflammatory and regulatory cytokines in TBL, we examined both the systemic and the antigen-specific concentrations of these cytokines in TBL (n=31) before and after chemotherapy, and compared them with those with latent tuberculosis infection (LTB, n=31)...
October 26, 2016: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777660/a-narrative-review-and-novel-framework-for-application-of-team-based-learning-in-graduate-medical-education
#9
REVIEW
Rachel Stork Poeppelman, Cara A Liebert, Daniel Brandt Vegas, Carl A Germann, Anna Volerman
BACKGROUND : Team-based learning (TBL) promotes problem solving and teamwork, and has been applied as an instructional method in undergraduate medical education with purported benefits. Although TBL curricula have been implemented for residents, no published systematic reviews or guidelines exist for the development and use of TBL in graduate medical education (GME). OBJECTIVE : To review TBL curricula in GME, identify gaps in the literature, and synthesize a framework to guide the development of TBL curricula at the GME level...
October 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756928/a-randomized-crossover-comparison-of-team-based-learning-and-lecture-format-on-learning-outcomes
#10
Barry E Bleske, Tami L Remington, Trisha D Wells, Kristin C Klein, Sally K Guthrie, Jeffrey M Tingen, Vincent D Marshall, Michael P Dorsch
Objective. To compare learning outcomes and student confidence between team-based learning (TBL) and lecture. Methods. A crossover study was conducted with 30 students divided into two sections. Each section was taught six therapeutic topics (three TBL and three lecture). There were two assessments of 24 questions each. A survey (Likert scale) assessing student confidence and attitudes was administered at the end. Results. A significantly higher overall examination score was observed for TBL as compared to lecture...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731501/deliberate-hypotension-with-propofol-under-anaesthesia-for-functional-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-fess
#11
REVIEW
Polpun Boonmak, Suhattaya Boonmak, Malinee Laopaiboon
BACKGROUND: Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) is a minimally invasive technique that is used to treat chronic sinusitis. Small bleeding areas can reduce operative visibility and result in destruction of surrounding structures. Deliberate hypotension (lowering the mean arterial blood pressure to between 50 and 65 mm Hg in normotensive patients) using a range of pharmacological agents during general anaesthesia reduces blood loss in many operations. This review was originally published in 2013 and updated in February 2016...
October 12, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705982/the-impact-of-team-based-learning-tbl-on-physician-assistant-students-academic-performance-in-gross-anatomy
#12
Jonathan A Isbell, Valeria Makeeva, Kara Caruthers, William S Brooks
PURPOSE: Changes in medical education have prevented students from conducting full cadaveric dissections in gross anatomy. The efficacy of alternative educational methods is being explored to augment traditional dissection. METHODS: Team-based learning was integrated into the 2014 gross anatomy laboratory for physician assistants (PA) and nurse anesthetists. Deidentified data from the 2013 and 2014 courses were used to assess with t-tests the effect of this addition on student academic performance...
September 2016: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697956/team-based-learning-in-large-enrollment-classes
#13
Jonathan D Kibble, Christine Bellew, Abdo Asmar, Lisa Barkley
The goal of this review is to highlight the key elements needed to successfully deploy team-based learning (TBL) in any class, but especially in large enrolment classes, where smooth logistics are essential. The text is based on a lecture and workshop given at the American Physiological Society's Institute on Teaching and Learning in Madison, WI, in June 2016. After a short overview of the TBL method, its underpinning in learning theory, and a summary of current evidence for its effectiveness, we present two case studies from our own teaching practices in a new medical school...
December 2016: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682007/hierarchical-self-assembly-of-luminescent-tartrate-bridged-chiral-binuclear-tb-iii-complexes-in-ethanol
#14
Jing Liu, Masa-Aki Morikawa, Hairui Lei, Keita Ishiba, Nobuo Kimizuka
A new family of supramolecular metalloamphiphiles carrying two metal centers is developed. They are formed by bridging two coordinatively unsaturated lipophilic Tb(3+) complexes (TbL(+)) with chiral dicarboxylate anions. The formation of bridging coordination bonds is confirmed using UV spectroscopy, induced circular dichroism (ICD), increased luminescence intensity of TbL(+), and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESIMS) analysis. These supramolecular metalloamphiphiles hierarchically self-assemble in ethanol to give luminescent nanospheres, as observed using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM)...
October 10, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667844/incorporating-health-information-technology-and-pharmacy-informatics-in-a-pharmacy-professional-didactic-curriculum-with-a-team-based-learning-approach
#15
Ana L Hincapie, Timothy W Cutler, Amanda R Fingado
Objective. To incorporate a pharmacy informatics program in the didactic curriculum of a team-based learning institution and to assess students' knowledge of and confidence with health informatics during the course. Design. A previously developed online pharmacy informatics course was adapted and implemented into a team-based learning (TBL) 3-credit-hour drug information course for doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) students in their second didactic year. During a period of five weeks (15 contact hours), students used the online pharmacy informatics modules as part of their readiness assurance process...
August 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648676/luminescent-helical-nanofiber-self-assembled-from-a-cholesterol-based-metalloamphiphile-and-its-application-in-dna-conformation-recognition
#16
Hairui Lei, Jing Liu, Junlin Yan, Jingmiao Quan, Yu Fang
Compared to pure organic amphiphiles, metalloamphiphiles display distinctive features, including luminescence, magnetism and catalytic properties. However, the self-organization of metalloamphiphiles is commonly driven by solvophobic effects. Alkyl chains and oligomeric ethylene glycol moieties are thus the most frequently used aggregation units to drive the self-assembly of metalloamphiphiles. We expect novel metallo-supramolecular structures with exciting functions to be created if additional noncovalent interaction modes are incorporated...
October 11, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626102/diphenylether-modified-1-2-diamines-with-improved-drug-properties-for-development-against-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#17
Marie H Foss, Sovitj Pou, Patrick M Davidson, Jennifer L Dunaj, Rolf W Winter, Sovijja Pou, Meredith H Licon, Julia K Doh, Yuexin Li, Jane X Kelly, Rozalia A Dodean, Dennis R Koop, Michael K Riscoe, Georgiana E Purdy
New treatments for tuberculosis infection are critical to combat the emergence of multidrug- and extensively drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). We report the characterization of a diphenylether-modified adamantyl 1,2-diamine that we refer to as TBL-140, which has a minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC99) of 1.2 μg/mL. TBL-140 is effective against drug-resistant Mtb and nonreplicating bacteria. In addition, TBL-140 eliminates expansion of Mtb in cell culture infection assays at its MIC. To define the mechanism of action of this compound, we performed a spontaneous mutant screen and biochemical assays...
July 8, 2016: ACS Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586754/simulation-of-the-pressure-field-beneath-a-turbulent-boundary-layer-using-realizations-of-uncorrelated-wall-plane-waves
#18
Laurent Maxit
This paper investigates the modeling of a vibrating structure excited by a turbulent boundary layer (TBL). Although the wall pressure field (WPF) of the TBL constitutes a random excitation, the element-based methods generally used for describing complex mechanical structures consider deterministic loads. The response of such structures to a random excitation like TBL is generally deduced from calculations of numerous Frequency Response Functions. Consequently, the process is computationally expansive. To tackle this issue, an efficient process is proposed for generating realizations of the WPF corresponding to the TBL...
August 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571522/the-negative-relationship-between-bilirubin-level-and-diabetic-retinopathy-a-meta-analysis
#19
Bo Zhu, Xiaomei Wu, Kang Ning, Feng Jiang, Lu Zhang
OBJECTIVES: Findings on the relationship between total bilirubin level (TBL) and diabetic retinopathy (DR) are inconsistent. Thus, we carried out a meta-analysis to investigate the relationship between TBL and the risk of DR. METHODS: Relevant studies were selected from six databases up to 31 May 2016 using a search strategy. The relevant data were extracted from the included studies according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and the mean value with standard errors or odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568493/the-applicability-of-a-validated-team-based-learning-student-assessment-instrument-to-assess-united-kingdom-pharmacy-students-attitude-toward-team-based-learning
#20
Leanne Marie Nation, Simon Tweddell, Paul Rutter
PURPOSE: It aimed at testing the validity and reliability of a validated team-based learning student assessment instrument (TBL-SAI) to assess United Kingdom pharmacy students' attitude toward TBL. METHODS: TBL-SAI, consisting of 33 items, was administered to undergraduate pharmacy students from two schools of pharmacy each at University of Wolverhampton and University of Bradford were conducted on the data, along with comparison between the two schools. RESULTS: Students' response rate was 80...
2016: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
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