keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Interal feeding

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138201/effect-of-iron-and-zinc-biofortified-pearl-millet-consumption-on-growth-and-immune-competence-in-children-aged-12-18-months-in-india-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Saurabh Mehta, Julia L Finkelstein, Sudha Venkatramanan, Samantha L Huey, Shobha A Udipi, Padmini Ghugre, Caleb Ruth, Richard L Canfield, Anura V Kurpad, Ramesh D Potdar, Jere D Haas
INTRODUCTION: Biofortified crops represent a sustainable agricultural solution for the widespread micronutrient malnutrition in India and other resource-limited settings. This study aims to investigate the effect of the consumption of foods prepared with iron- and zinc-biofortified pearl millet (FeZn-PM) by children on biomarkers of iron and zinc status, growth, and immune function. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a randomised controlled feeding trial in identified slums of Mumbai, India among 200 children aged between 12 and 18 months...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107729/quantitative-determination-of-chromium-picolinate-in-animal-feeds-by-solid-phase-extraction-and-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#2
Miaomiao Han, Ying Tian, Zhen Li, Yiqiang Chen, Wenjun Yang, Liying Zhang
Chromium picolinate is one of the important Cr(3+) resources and is widely used in animal production. A convenient, reliable and rapid liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed and validated for the quantitative determination of chromium picolinate in animal feeds. Feed samples were extracted with acetonitrile and subsequently cleaned up by solid phase extraction cartridges Supelclean™ LC-18. Chromium picolinate was efficiently separated with a Waters ACQUITY UPLC(®) BEH C18 column, ionized with electrospray ion source in positive mode (ESI(+)), and quantitatively determined by tandem mass spectrometry in multiple reaction monitoring mode...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107286/deletion-of-hepatic-carbohydrate-response-element-binding-protein-chrebp-impairs-glucose-homeostasis-and-hepatic-insulin-sensitivity-in-mice
#3
Tara Jois, Weiyi Chen, Victor Howard, Rebecca Harvey, Kristina Youngs, Claudia Thalmann, Pradip Saha, Lawrence Chan, Michael A Cowley, Mark W Sleeman
OBJECTIVE: Carbohydrate response element binding protein (ChREBP) is a transcription factor that responds to glucose and activates genes involved in the glycolytic and lipogenic pathways. Recent studies have linked adipose ChREBP to insulin sensitivity in mice. However, while ChREBP is most highly expressed in the liver, the effect of hepatic ChREBP on insulin sensitivity remains unknown. To clarify the importance of hepatic ChREBP on glucose homeostasis, we have generated a knockout mouse model that lacks this protein specifically in the liver (Liver-ChREBP KO)...
November 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104423/distance-based-permutation-of-inter-meal-differences-as-a-sensitive-test-of-temporomandibular-joint-nociception-in-rats
#4
Mikhail Umorin, Phillip R Kramer, Larry L Bellinger
Purpose: Compare non-parametric permutation method using intr-meal rate as endpoint to existing ANOVA method that uses average daily meal duration as an endpoint for detection of chronic pain in Sprague-Dawley rats. Methods: Nociception following bilateral temporomandibular joint (TMJ) injection of high-dose of Complete Freunds Adjuvant (CFA, 250 μg/50 μL per side) could be detected in young adult male Sprague-Dawley rats using average daily meal durations as a measure of nociception for up to 19 days (Kramer, Kerins, Schneiderman, & Bellinger, 2010) using ANOVA and multiple comparisons range tests...
September 2017: Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103395/evaluation-of-trace-element-status-of-organic-dairy-cattle
#5
I Orjales, C Herrero-Latorre, M Miranda, F Rey-Crespo, R Rodríguez-Bermúdez, M López-Alonso
The present study aimed to evaluate trace mineral status of organic dairy herds in northern Spain and the sources of minerals in different types of feed. Blood samples from organic and conventional dairy cattle and feed samples from the respective farms were analysed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry to determine the concentrations of the essential trace elements (cobalt (Co), chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), iodine (I), manganese (Mn), molybdenum (Mo), nickel (Ni), selenium (Se) and zinc (Zn)) and toxic trace elements (arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg) and lead (Pb))...
November 6, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102330/oral-vaccination-of-broiler-chickens-against-necrotic-enteritis-using-a-non-virulent-netb-positive-strain-of-clostridium-perfringens-type-a
#6
Neha Mishra, Joan A Smyth
Necrotic enteritis (NE) is a severe disease of chickens and turkeys caused by some strains of Clostridium perfringens type A. The disease is well controlled by the use of in-feed antibiotic growth promoters (AGPs). However, due to worldwide public and regulatory pressure to reduce the use of AGPs inter alia, there is an urgent need to develop non-antibiotic based preventative measures. Vaccination would be a suitable control measure, but currently there is no commercial vaccine. NetB (necrotic enteritis toxin B-like) is a pore-forming toxin produced by C...
November 1, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101198/a-stable-core-gut-microbiota-across-fresh-to-saltwater-transition-for-farmed-atlantic-salmon
#7
Knut Rudi, Inga Leena Angell, Phillip B Pope, Jon Olav Vik, Simen Rød Sandve, Lars-Gustav Snipen
Gut microbiota associations through habitat transitions are fundamentally important, yet poorly understood. One such habitat transition is the migration from fresh to salt water for anadromous fish such as salmon. The aim of the current work was therefore to determine the fresh- to saltwater impact on the gut microbiota in farmed Atlantic salmon, with dietary interventions resembling that of fresh- and salt water diets with respect to fatty acid composition. Using deep 16S rRNA gene sequencing, and quantitative PCR, we found that the fresh- to salt water transition both had a major association with the microbiota composition and quantity, while diet did not show significantly associations with the microbiota...
November 3, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089051/the-intravenous-and-oral-pharmacokinetics-of-lotilaner-in-dogs
#8
Céline E Toutain, Wolfgang Seewald, Martin Jung
BACKGROUND: Lotilaner is a new oral ectoparasiticide from the isoxazoline class developed for the treatment of flea and tick infestations in dogs. It is formulated as pure S-enantiomer in flavoured chewable tablets (Credelio™). The pharmacokinetics of lotilaner were thoroughly determined after intravenous and oral administration and under different feeding regimens in dogs. METHODS: Twenty-six adult beagle dogs were enrolled in a pharmacokinetic study evaluating either intravenous or oral administration of lotilaner...
November 1, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080673/inferring-the-demographic-history-of-an-oligophagous-grasshopper-effects-of-climatic-niche-stability-and-host-plant-distribution
#9
Víctor Noguerales, Pedro J Cordero, Joaquín Ortego
Understanding the consequences of past environmental changes on the abiotic and biotic components of the landscape and deciphering their impacts on the demographic trajectories of species is a major issue in evolutionary biogeography. In this study, we combine nuclear and mitochondrial genetic data to study the phylogeographical structure and lineage-specific demographic histories of the scrub-legume grasshopper (Chorthippus binotatus binotatus), a montane taxon distributed in the Iberian Peninsula and France that exclusively feeds on certain scrub-legume species...
October 26, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059481/neonatal-eating-outcome-assessment-tool-development-and-inter-rater-reliability
#10
Roberta Pineda, Rachel Harris, Felicia Foci, Jessica Roussin, Michael Wallendorf
AIM: To define the process of tool development and revision for the Neonatal Eating Outcome (NEO) Assessment and to report preliminary inter-rater reliability. METHODS: Tool development consisted of a review of the literature and observations of feeding performance among 178 preterm infants born ≤ 32 weeks gestation. 11 neonatal therapy feeding experts provided structured feedback to establish content validity and define the scoring matrix. The tool was then used to evaluate feeding in 50 preterm infants born ≤ 32 weeks gestation and 50 full term infants...
October 23, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037995/preclinical-pharmacokinetic-profiling-of-iqg-607-a-potential-oral-metallodrug-to-treat-tuberculosis
#11
Adilio da S Dadda, Valnês S Rodrigues-Junior, Fernando Carreño, Guilherme O Petersen, Antônio F M Pinto, Pedro F Dalberto, Nathalia D M Sperotto, Kenia Pissinate, Cristiano V Bizarro, Pablo Machado, Maria M Campos, Teresa Dalla Costa, Diógenes S Santos, Luiz A Basso
IQG-607 is an analog of isoniazid with anti-tuberculosis activity. This work describes the development and validation of an HPLC method to quantify pentacyano(isoniazid)ferrate(II) compound (IQG-607) and the pharmacokinetic studies of this compound in mice. The method showed linearity in the 0.5-50μg/mL concentration range (r=0.9992). Intra- and inter-day precision was <5%, and the recovery ranged from 92.07 to 107.68%. IQG-607 was stable in plasma for at least 30days at -80°C and, after plasma processing, for 4h in the auto-sampler maintained on ice (recovery >85%)...
October 14, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994242/spring-fasting-behavior-in-a-marine-apex-predator-provides-an-index-of-ecosystem-productivity
#12
Karyn D Rode, Ryan R Wilson, David C Douglas, Vanessa Muhlenbruch, Todd C Atwood, Eric V Regehr, Evan S Richardson, Nicholas W Pilfold, Andrew E Derocher, George M Durner, Ian Stirling, Steven C Amstrup, Michelle St Martin, Anthony M Pagano, Kristin Simac
The effects of declining Arctic sea ice on local ecosystem productivity are not well understood but have been shown to vary inter-specifically, spatially, and temporally. Because marine mammals occupy upper trophic-levels in Arctic food webs, they may be useful indicators for understanding variation in ecosystem productivity. Polar bears (Ursus maritimus) are apex predators that primarily consume benthic and pelagic-feeding ice-associated seals. As such, their productivity integrates sea ice conditions and the ecosystem supporting them...
October 10, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991380/dental-microwear-textural-analysis-as-an-analytical-tool-to-depict-individual-traits-and-reconstruct-the-diet-of-a-primate
#13
Alice M Percher, Gildas Merceron, Gontran Nsi Akoue, Jordi Galbany, Alejandro Romero, Marie Je Charpentier
OBJECTIVES: Dental microwear is a promising tool to reconstruct animals' diet because it reflects the interplay between the enamel surface and the food items recently consumed. This study examines the sources of inter-individual variations in dietary habits in a free-ranging population of mandrills (Mandrillus sphinx) using a combination of feeding monitoring and in vivo dental microwear textural analysis (DMTA). METHODS: We investigated the impact of seasonality and individual traits on four DMTA parameters...
October 9, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971048/verification-of-reliability-and-validity-of-the-feeding-and-swallowing-scale-for-premature-infants-fsspi
#14
Chang Won Moon, Han Geul Jung, Hee Jung Cheon, Su Mi Oh, Young Ok Ki, Jeong-Yi Kwon
OBJECTIVE: To propose a new scale, the Feeding and Swallowing Scale for Premature Infants (FSSPI), based on videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) findings and to verify the reliability and validity of the FSSPI. METHODS: One hundred thirty preterm infants who had undergone VFSS were enrolled in this retrospective study. The FSSPI was developed by referring to the Baby Regulated Organization of Subsystems and Sucking approach. The FSSPI score for each VFSS video was evaluated by a physiatrist as well as by three experienced speech-language pathologists...
August 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944022/analyzing-time-ordered-event-data-with-missed-observations
#15
Adriaan M Dokter, E Emiel van Loon, Wimke Fokkema, Thomas K Lameris, Bart A Nolet, Henk P van der Jeugd
A common problem with observational datasets is that not all events of interest may be detected. For example, observing animals in the wild can difficult when animals move, hide, or cannot be closely approached. We consider time series of events recorded in conditions where events are occasionally missed by observers or observational devices. These time series are not restricted to behavioral protocols, but can be any cyclic or recurring process where discrete outcomes are observed. Undetected events cause biased inferences on the process of interest, and statistical analyses are needed that can identify and correct the compromised detection processes...
September 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912798/comparative-genomic-analysis-of-the-human-gut-microbiome-reveals-a-broad-distribution-of-metabolic-pathways-for-the-degradation-of-host-synthetized-mucin-glycans-and-utilization-of-mucin-derived-monosaccharides
#16
Dmitry A Ravcheev, Ines Thiele
The colonic mucus layer is a dynamic and complex structure formed by secreted and transmembrane mucins, which are high-molecular-weight and heavily glycosylated proteins. Colonic mucus consists of a loose outer layer and a dense epithelium-attached layer. The outer layer is inhabited by various representatives of the human gut microbiota (HGM). Glycans of the colonic mucus can be used by the HGM as a source of carbon and energy when dietary fibers are not sufficiently available. Both commensals and pathogens can utilize mucin glycans...
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910286/potential-dna-barcodes-for-melilotus-species-based-on-five-single-loci-and-their-combinations
#17
Fan Wu, Jinxing Ma, Yuqin Meng, Daiyu Zhang, Blaise Pascal Muvunyi, Kai Luo, Hongyan Di, Wenli Guo, Yanrong Wang, Baochang Feng, Jiyu Zhang
Melilotus, an annual or biennial herb, belongs to the tribe Trifolieae (Leguminosae) and consists of 19 species. As an important green manure crop, diverse Melilotus species have different values as feed and medicine. To identify different Melilotus species, we examined the efficiency of five candidate regions as barcodes, including the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and two chloroplast loci, rbcL and matK, and two non-coding loci, trnH-psbA and trnL-F. In total, 198 individuals from 98 accessions representing 18 Melilotus species were sequenced for these five potential barcodes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893046/the-association-between-cariogenic-factors-and-the-occurrence-of-early-childhood-caries-in-children-from-salem-district-of-india
#18
Arokiaraj Stephen, Ramesh Krishnan, Paul Chalakkal
INTRODUCTION: Various aetiological factors for Early Childhood Caries (ECC) have been suggested in literature, but the role of each factor has been disputed in various studies. AIM: To evaluate the association between ECC and its related factors in children between three to six years of age, from rural, semi-urban and urban schools in the district of Salem (India). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study consisted of children between three to six years of age, selected randomly from schools in semi-urban, urban and rural schools at Salem...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891073/sexual-dimorphism-in-jaw-muscles-of-the-japanese-sparrowhawk-accipiter-gularis
#19
H Wang, J Yan, Z Zhang
Materials suitable for anatomical research of raptorial birds are rare. Bird-eating raptors show distinct inter-sexual differences in body size and parental roles. The large females catch larger prey and prepare small morsels to feed their young using their hooked beaks. Here, we investigated the architectural properties of different jaw muscles of the Japanese sparrowhawk (Accipiter gularis) and examined whether there is sexual dimorphism in their architectural design. The results showed that musculus depressor mandibulae, the opener of the lower jaw, was characterized by relatively long fascicle length, whereas musculus pterygoideus was characterized by its larger mass and physiological cross-sectional area (PCSA) in both sexes...
September 11, 2017: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886162/inter-annual-cascade-effect-on-marine-food-web-a-benthic-pathway-lagging-nutrient-supply-to-pelagic-fish-stock
#20
Lohengrin Dias de Almeida Fernandes, Eduardo Barros Fagundes Netto, Ricardo Coutinho
Currently, spatial and temporal changes in nutrients availability, marine planktonic, and fish communities are best described on a shorter than inter-annual (seasonal) scale, primarily because the simultaneous year-to-year variations in physical, chemical, and biological parameters are very complex. The limited availability of time series datasets furnishing simultaneous evaluations of temperature, nutrients, plankton, and fish have limited our ability to describe and to predict variability related to short-term process, as species-specific phenology and environmental seasonality...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
106788
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"