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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437815/-cancer-related-fatigue-in-rehabilitation-care
#1
Susanne Kuhnt, Carina Szalai, Bianca Erdmann-Reusch, Conrad Kubel, Anna Boehncke, Wilfried Hoffmann, Anja Mehnert, Joachim Weis
Aim of the study was to provide information about the prevalence of cancer related fatigue and the association between treatment-related factors and fatigue in cancer patients during the rehabilitation care. In a multicenter study 693 cancer patients (27% breast cancer, 17% prostate cancer etc.) completed the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI-20) and sociodemographic and treatment information was noted. 51% of the patients suffer from fatigue (n=356). Fatigue prevalence differed according to tumour localization (p≤0...
April 24, 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437802/surveillance-after-resection-of-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma-with-curative-intent-a-multicenter-survey-in-germany-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Thomas J Ettrich, Lucas A Schulte, Natalie Eitel, Kristin Ettrich, Andreas W Berger, Lukas Perkhofer, Thomas Seufferlein
Background Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most lethal cancers with high risk of relapse even after curative-intended resection. There are no evidence-based recommendations for surveillance in actual guidelines. Given this situation and as a basis for prospective studies, we wanted to determine the current practice of surveillance after pancreatic cancer resection in German institutions. Methods A web-based questionnaire was sent in 2015 to 300 German institutions (hospitals, outpatient clinics, and private practices) experienced in the care of patients with PDAC...
April 24, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437737/changes-in-regulatory-t-cells-in-patients-with-ovarian-cancer-undergoing-surgery-preliminary-results
#3
Meng Wu, Xian Chen, Jianfang Lou, Shuping Zhang, Xiaojie Zhang, Lei Huang, Ruihong Sun, Peijun Huang, Shiyang Pan, Fang Wang
Regulatory T cells (Treg) suppress immune responses in patients with cancer. Surgery is the most effective therapeutic strategy for ovarian cancer (OC). However, the interplay between the Treg population and surgical resection remains unclear. 61 patients with OC who received no prior treatment were enrolled in the study. Treg percentages were characterized from peripheral blood mononuclear cells. We investigated CD4(+)CD25(+), CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+), CD8(+)CD28(-), and CD8(+)Foxp3(+) Tregs in OC patients and their postoperative changes using flow cytometry...
April 21, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437679/nodal-recurrence-after-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-for-early-stage-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-incidence-and-proposed-risk-factors
#4
REVIEW
Krista C J Wink, Angela van Baardwijk, Esther G C Troost, Dirk De Ruysscher
Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) is an alternative to surgery for patients with early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who are inoperable due to comorbid disease or who refuse surgery. SBRT results in an excellent local control rate of more than 90%, which is comparable to surgery, while short and long-term overall toxicity is low. Surgically treated patients are often more extensively staged pre-operatively, e.g. with endobronchial ultrasound and/or mediastinoscopy, and typically undergo intra-operative lymph node dissection or sampling...
April 12, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437312/assessment-of-sarcopenia-as-a-predictor-of-poor-outcomes-after-esophagectomy-in-elderly-patients-with-esophageal-cancer
#5
Yuichiro Nakashima, Hiroshi Saeki, Ryota Nakanishi, Masahiko Sugiyama, Junji Kurashige, Eiji Oki, Yoshihiko Maehara
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to elucidate the impact of sarcopenia in elderly patients with esophageal cancer on postoperative complications and long-term survival after surgery for esophageal cancer. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Sarcopenia, defined as loss of skeletal muscle mass with age, has been identified as a poor prognostic factor for malignancies. This retrospective study investigated the effect of sarcopenia on surgical outcomes among young and elderly patients with esophageal cancer...
April 21, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437131/re-irradiation-therapy-for-locally-recurrent-head-and-neck-cancer-a-national-survey-of-practice-patterns
#6
Jean-Claude M Rwigema, Jehee Choi, Nancy Y Lee, Dwight E Heron, Allen M Chen
Using a customized survey consisting of two de-identified clinical scenarios with a total of 86 questions, we showed that substantial variability exists regarding recommendations for therapy of recurrent head and neck cancer. For inoperable gross recurrence arising in a previously irradiated field, recommendations were re-irradiation with curative intent (73%), re-irradiation with palliative intent (4%), chemotherapy alone (5%), and referral to tertiary center (18%). After salvage surgery, only 33% recommended adjuvant re-irradiation, with the remainder preferring observation (46%), chemotherapy alone (10%), and referral to tertiary center (11%)...
April 24, 2017: Cancer Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437031/patient-reported-outcome-pro-questionnaires-for-men-who-have-radical-surgery-for-prostate-cancer-a-conceptual-review-of-existing-instruments
#7
REVIEW
Evangelia Protopapa, Jan van der Meulen, Caroline M Moore, Sarah C Smith
OBJECTIVES: To critically review conceptual frameworks for available patient reported outcome (PRO) questionnaires in men having radical prostatectomy; psychometrically evaluate each questionnaire; identify whether each is appropriate for use at the level of the individual patient. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched PubMed, the Reports and Publications database of the University of Oxford Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Group and the website of the International Consortium for Health Outcomes Measurement (ICHOM) for psychometric reviews of prostate cancer specific PRO questionnaires...
April 24, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436378/outcomes-of-corpectomy-in-patients-with-metastatic-cancer
#8
Grzegorz Guzik
BACKGROUND: The objective of surgical management of spinal metastases is to reduce pain and improve the patient's quality of life. The operation should restore spinal stability and decompress neural structures. One surgical technique is corpectomy followed by vertebral body reconstruction and stabilisation of the spine. The procedure may be performed in patients in overall good health and a good survival prognosis. The aim of this paper is to present the outcomes of surgical management of spinal metastases in patients who underwent corpectomy followed by vertebral body reconstruction and stabilisation of the spine...
January 26, 2017: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436359/robotic-prostatectomy-versus-brachytherapy-for-the-treatment-of-low-risk-prostate-cancer
#9
Claudio Giberti, Fabrizio Gallo, Maurizio Schenone, Emilio Gastaldi, Pierluigi Cortese, Gaetano Ninotta, Davide Becco
INTRODUCTION: To compare oncological and functional results of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) and brachytherapy (BT) with a single-center prospective randomized study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2012 to January 2014, 165 patients with low risk prostate cancer, prostate volume ≤ 50 g, normal urinary (IPSS ≤ 7 and mean flow rate ≥ 15 mL/sec) and erectile functions (IIEF-5 > 17) were enrolled and randomly assigned to the RARP or BT group...
April 2017: Canadian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436197/magnetic-resonance-imaging-following-neoadjuvant-chemoradiation-and-transanal-endoscopic-microsurgery-for-rectal-cancer
#10
Guilherme P São Julião, Cinthia Denise Ortega, Bruna Borba Vailati, Angelita Habr-Gama, Laura Melina Fernandez, Joaquim Gama-Rodrigues, Sergio Eduardo Araujo, Rodrigo O Perez
AIM: Full thickness local excision after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for patients with rectal cancer and incomplete clinical response has been a treatment strategy for organ preservation. Follow up of these patients is challenging since anatomic distortion and postoperative changes may be clinically indistinguishable from tumor recurrence. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may have a role in detecting recurrence. The aim of this study is to describe the MRI findings during follow-up in patients having local excision following CRT with and without local recurrence...
April 24, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435850/paraneoplastic-myositis-secondary-to-poorly-differentiated-serous-carcinoma-of-ovarian-tubal-origin
#11
Zachary Raizman, Boshra Hosseini, Sarah Kean, Alon D Altman
•Ovarian cancer can present as paraneoplastic myositis.•Presented with progressive weakness unresponsive to treatment with glucocorticoids•Imaging revealed bilateral ovarian masses, myositis resolved after surgery.•Ovarian cancer should be included on the differential diagnosis of a patient presenting with myositis.
May 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435744/diagnosis-of-spinal-epidural-abscess-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
Chidinma Chima-Melton, Michelle Pearl, Marni Scheiner
INTRODUCTION: Spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is a rare but serious cause of back pain in the critical care setting. It occurs most commonly in adults in their fifth and sixth decades of life. Risk factors include diabetes mellitus, alcoholism, AIDS or other immunocompromised states, cancer, intravenous drug use, trauma and spinal surgery. The clinical presentation can be non-specific but the classical triad includes back pain, fever and neurological deficits. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with gadolinium is the diagnostic imaging modality of choice...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435402/synchronous-bilateral-testis-cancer-clinical-and-oncological-management
#13
Davide Campobasso, Stefania Ferretti, Antonio Frattini
Synchronous bilateral testis cancer (SBTC) is a rare event. It represents only 0.5-1% of all new cases of testicular cancer. Patients with this disease require careful management for psychological, oncological, and medical problems. We performed a PubMed search for all series that reported SBTC. We considered only articles in English, reporting on more than three cases. We also performed an analysis of the reported evidence regarding testosterone replacement and surgical treatment. We found 10 studies satisfying inclusion criteria for a total of 73 patients...
2017: Contemporary Oncology Współczesna Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435296/spotlight-on-bevacizumab-and-its-potential-in-the-treatment-of-malignant-pleural-mesothelioma-the-evidence-to-date
#14
REVIEW
Pavel A Levin, Jonathan E Dowell
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare, but aggressive cancer. Surgery and radiation offer limited benefit, and systemic chemotherapy remains the primary treatment modality for the majority of patients. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptor have been recognized as important players in the biology of this disease. Bevacizumab is a monoclonal antibody that binds VEGF and blocks its interaction with the VEGF receptor. Recent studies have shown benefit with the addition of bevacizumab to the combination of cisplatin and pemetrexed in MPM...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435291/role-of-postmastectomy-radiotherapy-in-early-stage-t1-2n0-1m0-triple-negative-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Fengxia Chen, Feifei Pu
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), which represents 15%-20% of all breast cancers, is defined by the absence of estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) and overexpression of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2). Owing to the absence of specific therapeutic targets and its aggressive biologic characteristics, TNBC patients often experience a high risk of disease progression and poor overall survival. Furthermore, TNBC exhibits an early pattern of recurrence with a peak recurrence risk at 2-3 years after surgery...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435034/cytoreductive-prostatectomy-for-metastatic-prostate-cancer-first-lessons-learned-from-the-multicentric-prospective-lomp-trial
#16
Filip Poelaert, Caroline Verbaeys, Bernard Rappe, Bart Kimpe, Ignace Billiet, Hendrik Plancke, Karel Decaestecker, Valérie Fonteyne, Sarah Buelens, Nicolaas Lumen
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively evaluate patients with newly diagnosed metastatic prostate cancer (mPCa) in the context of the LoMP trial (which investigates the role of cytoreductive radical prostatectomy [cRP] in addition to standard of care [SoC]). To provide a preliminary analysis of patient's characteristics, safety of cRP and early local symptoms. PATIENTS AND METHODS: cRP was performed in asymptomatic patients with a resectable tumor and fit to undergo surgery (group A, n=17)...
April 20, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434900/breast-cancer-in-a-pectoralis-major-myocutaneous-flap-used-for-the-reconstruction-of-tongue-cancer-a-case-report
#17
Eiji Hirai, Shunji Sarukaw, Kozo Yamamoto, Masahiro Okamoto
Breast cancers are the most common cancers in women. However, breast cancer occurring in a pectoralis major myocutaneous flap is extremely rare. This article describes a case of breast cancer occurring in such a flap used for reconstruction of the tongue in a 72-year-old woman. Follow-up computed tomogram depicted a slowly growing mass in the flap. Thirty-nine months postoperatively, a fine-needle aspiration biopsy specimen taken from the lesion suggested glandular carcinoma. The patient was diagnosed with breast cancer in the neck area of the flap and tumor excision was performed...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434891/nanotechnology-based-therapeutic-modality-to-boost-anti-tumor-immunity-and-collapse-tumor-defense
#18
REVIEW
Xiaomeng Hu, Tingting Wu, Yuling Bao, Zhiping Zhang
Cancer is still the leading cause of death. While traditional treatments such as surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy play dominating roles, recent breakthroughs in cancer immunotherapy indicate that the influence of immune system on cancer development is virtually beyond our expectation. Manipulating the immune system to fight against cancer has been thriving in recent years. Further understanding of tumor anatomy provides opportunities to put a brake on immunosuppression by overcoming tumor intrinsic resistance or modulating tumor microenvironment...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434844/quality-and-value-of-subspecialty-reinterpretation-of-thoracic-ct-scans-of-patients-referred-to-a-tertiary-cancer%C3%A2-center
#19
Brett W Carter, Jeremy J Erasmus, Mylene T Truong, Jo-Anne O Shepard, Wayne Hofstetter, Ryan Clarke, Reginald F Munden, Joseph R Steele
INTRODUCTION: Patients referred to tertiary cancer centers often present with imaging studies performed and interpreted at other health care institutions. Although reinterpretation of imaging performed at another health care institution can reduce repeat imaging, unnecessary radiation dose, and cost, the benefit is uncertain. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the quality of initial imaging studies of patients seeking a second opinion at a tertiary cancer center, to compare the accuracy of initial interpretations to reinterpretations performed by subspecialty trained radiologists at a tertiary oncologic center, and to determine the potential impact on patient management...
April 20, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434582/effectiveness-between-early-and-late-temporary-ileostomy-closure-in-patients-with-rectal-cancer-a-prospective-study
#20
Li Zhen, Yanan Wang, Ze Zhang, Tongwei Wu, Ruoyan Liu, Tingting Li, Liying Zhao, Haijun Deng, Xiaolong Qi, Guoxin Li
A temporary stoma is often used in rectal cancer surgery to protect a distal anastomosis, which remains a major concern after rectal cancer surgery, particularly after low anterior resection. The temporary stoma is scheduled for closure. However, the optimal time of closure of the protecting stoma remains unclear because of sparse studies and data. We aimed to detect the efficacy between early and late temporary ileostomy closure in patients with rectal cancer during or after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. We conducted a prospective, 2-group design between early and late ileostomy closure group in patients after rectal cancer surgery with temporary stoma...
March 2, 2017: Current Problems in Cancer
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