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Vena. Cava superior syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755101/-outcome-of-surgical-treatment-of-locally-advanced-lung-cancer-after-induction-chemoradiotherapy
#1
Masayuki Tanahashi, Haruhiro Yukiue, Eriko Suzuki, Naoko Yoshii, Shinsuke Kitazawa, Yasunori Kaminuma, Hiroshi Niwa
OBJECTIVE: The outcome of surgical treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer after induction chemoradiotherapy was investigated. SUBJECTS: The subjects were 74 patients with non-small-cell lung cancer who received induction chemoradiotherapy( ICRT) between 1998 and 2016. ICRT was administered to pT3 lung cancer invading the chest wall(20 patients), pT4 lung cancer invading the adjacent organ(22 patients), and cN2 lung cancer(32 patients). cN2 was confirmed by mediastinoscopy(13 patients) and endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration(EBUS-TBNA)(19 patients)...
April 2018: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744732/central-venous-access-port-placement-by-translumbar-approach-using-angio-ct-unit-in-patients-with-superior-vena-cava-syndrome
#2
Shuji Kariya, Miyuki Nakatani, Takuji Maruyama, Yasuyuki Ono, Yutaka Ueno, Atsushi Komemushi, Noboru Tanigawa
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical results of central venous access port (CV port) placement by translumbar inferior vena cava cannulation using angio-CT unit for cancer patients with superior vena cava syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A CV port was placed by translumbar inferior vena cava cannulation using an angio-CT unit, in 14 consecutive patients. All patients had occlusion or advanced stenosis of the superior vena cava due to cancer progression. RESULTS: The technical success rate of the percutaneous translumbar CV port placement was 100%...
May 9, 2018: Japanese Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726061/transjugular-diagnostics-in-acute-liver-failure-including-measurements-of-hepato-central-venous-biomarker-gradients
#3
Martin Chong Wang, Franziska Wandrer, Jerome Schlué, Torsten Voigtländer, Tim Oliver Lankisch, Michael Peter Manns, Heike Bantel, Thomas von Hahn
AIM: Acute liver failure (ALF) as a syndrome of severe liver injury may need urgent liver transplantation and is associated with significant risk of death. Therefore, early outcome prediction and further possibilities to increase accuracy of prognosis scores remain important. METHODS: We examined 30 patients with ALF according to the novel criteria of the Intractable Hepato-Biliary Diseases Study Group who underwent transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB) and investigated the relevance of histology for correct diagnosis and etiology...
May 4, 2018: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694310/superior-vena-cava-syndrome-due-to-central-port-catheter-thrombosis-a-real-life-threatening-condition
#4
G D Lianos, N Hasemaki, E Tzima, G Vangelis, A Tselios, I Mpailis, E Lekkas
Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) represents undoubtedly a rare life-threatening condition. Herein, we present a rare case of a 69-year-old woman, with a history of hepatic flexure tumor and an indwelling central venous port, presenting with acute signs and symptoms of SVCS due to thrombosis of the catheter. The patient was treated with intravenous anticoagulation and fibrinolytic therapy and showed regression of symptoms. It is reported that central venous catheters are routinely used in clinical practice mainly in oncological cases for chemotherapy, parenteral nutrition or dialysis...
March 2018: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682107/what-is-vascular-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease
#5
REVIEW
Hiroyuki Ishibashi
Vascular Behçet's disease (BD) would keep risk of anastomotic pseudoaneurysm due to deterioration of the disease even after vascular surgery was successfully done. Therefore, it is one of the least-welcome diseases for vascular surgeons. There still exist several points on a concept and criteria of the vascular BD which not only general practitioners but also the vascular surgeons do not understand. Clinical findings strongly suspecting vascular BD are follows; saccular aneurysms without atherosclerosis developed in younger than 50-year-old patients, superior vena cava syndrome or deep vein thrombosis in bilateral legs without apparent causes, and multiple superficial thrombophlebitis, etc...
March 25, 2018: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674402/cutaneous-lymphangitis-carcinomatosa-made-cervicofacial-oedema-intractable-in-a-patient-with-superior-vena-cava-syndrome
#6
Eriko Kashihara, Osamu Kanai, Misato Okamura, Tadashi Mio
Cutaneous lymphangitis carcinomatosa (CLC) is a rare form of cutaneous metastasis that causes lymphoedema and various eruptions. We report a case of lung cancer with CLC that caused both superior vena cava (SVC) stenosis and cervicofacial oedema, suggestive of SVC syndrome. A 64-year-old woman with lung adenocarcinoma presented with cervicofacial oedema and erythema, followed by severe dyspnoea 2 months after four cycles of carboplatin, pemetrexed and bevacizumab triplet therapy. Although chest CT indicated SVC stenosis, cervicofacial oedema remained despite treating the SVC stenosis via balloon dilation...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644546/imaging-of-urgencies-and-emergencies-in-the-lung-cancer-patient
#7
REVIEW
Bruno De Potter, Jef Huyskens, Birgitta Hiddinga, Maarten Spinhoven, Annelies Janssens, Jan P van Meerbeeck, Paul M Parizel, Annemie Snoeckx
Lung cancer patients often experience potentially life-threatening medical urgencies and emergencies, which may be a direct or indirect result of the underlying malignancy. This pictorial review addresses the most common thoracic, neurological and musculoskeletal medical emergencies in lung cancer patients, including superior vena cava syndrome, pulmonary embolism, spontaneous pneumothorax, cardiac tamponade, massive haemoptysis, central airway obstruction, oesophagorespiratory fistula, malignant spinal cord compression, carcinomatous meningitis, cerebral herniation and pathological fracture...
April 11, 2018: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623736/treatment-of-venous-stenosis-in-oncologic-patients
#8
Anna Maria Ierardi, Maria Laura Jannone, Mario Petrillo, Pietro Maria Brambillasca, Enrico Maria Fumarola, Salvatore Alessio Angileri, Matteo Crippa, Gianpaolo Carrafiello
Symptomatic obstruction related to malignant involvement of large veins may occur in central veins both in the thoracic and pelvic regions, and in the abdominal region of the body. Both cases represent a therapeutic challenge, and endovascular revascularization, consisting of angioplasty and stent placement, is safe and effective. Superior vena cava stenting has become widespread in the management of occlusive venous disease. The percutaneous placement of large expandable metal stents allows rapid restoration of normal blood flow in the majority of patients, thus improving symptoms...
April 6, 2018: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609227/-characteristics-and-prognosis-of-interrupted-inferior-vena-cava-with-azygous-continuation
#9
Q Xu, H X Sun, J S Xie, J L Wang, Q Y Pei, X H Zhang
Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics of interrupted of the inferior vena cava with azygous continuation and the prognosis. Methods: Retrospective analysis of 21 fetuses diagnosed with interrupted inferior vena cava with azygous continuation among 28 567 pregnant women who underwent routine ultrasound scan. The clinical data, ultrasonographic features, genetic information and prognosis were collected. Results: Interrupted of the inferior vena cava with azygous continuation occurred in 21(0.07%, 21/28 567) of 28 567 patients...
March 25, 2018: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600980/mediastinal-yolk-sac-tumor-infiltrating-the-heart
#10
R Imaniar, E Syahruddin, P Z Soepandi, A C Putra, F Nurwidya
BACKGROUND: As a rare tumor, yolk sac tumor is a type of neoplasm that appears like the yolk sac, extraembryonic mesenchyme, and allantois. The mediastinum is the second most frequent area after the gonadal area. CASE REPORT: We present an extremely rare case of 15 years old boy with mediastinal yolk sac tumor. The boy came with the chief complaint of swelling of the neck and face. Computed tomography scan of the chest revealed bulky mass with a cystic component that infiltrated the heart...
March 2018: Experimental Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592765/alternative-surgical-procedure-for-treating-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-in-a-hemodialysis-patient
#11
Chen L Yao, Zheng L Tan, Ran Tian, Peng Miao, Xin Chen, Zheng Y Yu
BACKGROUND: The incidence of superior vena cava syndrome has been increasing in hemodialysis patients with the widespread use of dialysis catheters. Although endovascular intervention remains the primary choice for treatment, the long-term patency rate is not optimistic. Occlusive lesions are often encountered that cannot be opened using this intervention. Therefore, we chose to present this case involving a pericardial patch used to reconstruct the superior vena cava in the treatment of catheter-associated chronic superior vena cava occlusion...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590083/efficacy-of-gefitinib-and-radiotherapy-combination-in-indonesian-patients-with-lung-adenocarcinoma
#12
Elisna Syahruddin, Aida Lufti Huswatun, Ari Prabowo, Jamal Zaini, Fariz Nurwidya, Achmad Hudoyo, Anwar Jusuf
INTRODUCTION: Combinations of gefitinib and radiotherapy have been observed to have synergistic and anti-proliferative effects on lung cancer in vitro. In the clinical setting, patients who presented with respiratory difficulties such as superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS), radiotherapy should be given immediately to address the emergency while waiting for the results of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation test. However, there has been no study that described the role of radiotherapy in Indonesian patients with EGFR-mutant lung adenocarcinoma...
March 1, 2018: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587902/-surgical-treatment-of-malignant-thymoma-invading-the-superior-vena-cava
#13
Lin Xu
This paper introduced surgical treatment of malignancy-related superior vena cava syndrome. Typical cases were presented with diagnostic radiology results. Authors focused on the main approach to the malignancy-related superior vena cava syndrome of surgery. In order to make it simple for junior doctors to learn and practice, all 4 operation methods were described in details. The writer hopes it would be helpful for all the young thoracic surgeons.
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April 20, 2018: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584855/outcomes-of-the-warden-procedure-for-partial-anomalous-pulmonary-venous-drainage-in-children
#14
Matthew S Yong, Sophie Griffiths, Terry Robertson, Johann Brink, Yves d'Udekem, Christian Brizard, Igor E Konstantinov
OBJECTIVES: When drainage of an anomalous pulmonary vein is high into the superior vena cava (SVC), traditional techniques of 1-patch or 2-patch repair may be challenging. The cavoatrial anastomosis technique (the Warden procedure) was developed to reduce the risk of sinus node dysfunction and SVC obstruction. Herein, we describe the outcomes of the Warden procedure in children at a single institution. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on all children with partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage (PAPVD) undergoing the Warden procedure from 1996 to 2015...
March 23, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576788/successful-treatment-of-a-catheter-induced-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-through-catheter-directed-thrombolysis-a-case-report
#15
Reza Ghanavati, Ali Amiri, Nafiseh Ansarinejad, Shokoufeh Hajsadeghi, Hasan Riahi Beni, Seyyed Hashem Sezavar
Superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome is a medical condition resulting from the obstruction of the blood flow through the large central veins. Recently, central venous catheters have been reported as the increasingly common cause of this syndrome. We describe a 56-year-old woman with previous history of metastatic colon cancer, who had recently undergone central venous catheter insertion for her second chemotherapy course. Eight days following port insertion, she presented with signs and symptoms suggestive of acute SVC syndrome, which was successfully managed with catheter-directed thrombolysis...
October 2017: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552240/left-inferior-vena-cava-with-nutcracker-syndrome-a-case-report
#16
Luis German Pulgarin Ricardo, Sebastián Isaza Zapata, Ricardo Uribe Gonzalez
Nutcracker syndrome is a condition where there is compression of the left renal vein between the aorta and the superior mesenteric artery causing symptoms. Here, we describe the case of a female patient who had symptoms secondary to the compression of a left inferior vena cava between the aorta and the superior mesenteric artery causing a nutcracker syndrome. We will review the etiology, embryology, and imaging of the inferior vena cava and nutcracker syndrome.
February 2018: Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512373/good-s-syndrome-association-of-the-late-onset-combined-immunodeficiency-with-thymoma-review-of-literature-and-case-report
#17
Marzieh Tavakol, Seyed Alireza Mahdaviani, Mir Reza Ghaemi, Mohammad Vaezi, Atosa Dorudinia, Hamidreza Jamaati, Ali Akbar Velayati
Good's syndrome, the adult onset hypogammaglobulinemia associated with thymoma has been explained about six decades ago. It generally presents with recurrent infections and several paraneoplastic syndromes including myasthenia gravis, pure red cell aplasia, connective tissue disorders, superior vena cava, Horner's syndrome, lichen planus and inflammatory bowel disease. Lack of B cell, dysfunction of T cell, CD4+ T cell lymphopenia, reversed CD4/CD8+ T cell ratio, autoantibodies against Th17 related cytokines have been respected as the pathogenesis of the immune dysregulation this syndrome...
February 2018: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502774/endovenous-and-operative-treatment-of-superior-vena-cava-syndrome
#18
REVIEW
Manju Kalra, Indrani Sen, Peter Gloviczki
Few areas of venous disease provide a more satisfying experience for both the patient and the vascular specialist than reconstruction for superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome. Relief from severe, frequently incapacitating symptoms of venous congestion of the head and neck is almost instantaneous, and benefit after reconstruction is generally long lasting. This article reviews the etiologic factors, clinical presentation, and diagnostic evaluation of SVC syndrome, and current techniques and results for the endovascular and open surgical treatment of SVC occlusion...
April 2018: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492630/comparison-of-covered-versus-uncovered-stents-for-benign-superior-vena-cava-svc-obstruction
#19
Mustafa M Haddad, Benjamin Simmons, Ian R McPhail, Manju Kalra, Melissa J Neisen, Matthew P Johnson, Andrew H Stockland, James C Andrews, Sanjay Misra, Haraldur Bjarnason
PURPOSE: To identify whether long-term symptom relief and stent patency vary with the use of covered versus uncovered stents for the treatment of benign SVC obstruction. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We retrospectively identified all patients with benign SVC syndrome treated to stent placement between January 2003 and December 2015 (n = 59). Only cases with both clinical and imaging follow-up were included (n = 47). In 33 (70%) of the patients, the obstruction was due to a central line or pacemaker wires, and in 14 (30%), the cause was fibrosing mediastinitis...
May 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457852/successful-management-of-living-donor-liver-transplantation-for-biliary-atresia-with-single-ventricle-physiology-from-peri-transplant-through-total-cavopulmonary-connection-a-case-report
#20
Yohei Yamada, Ken Hoshino, Takayuki Oyanagi, Ryohei Gatayama, Jun Maeda, Nobuyuki Katori, Yasushi Fuchimoto, Taizo Hibi, Masahiro Shinoda, Kentaro Matsubara, Hideaki Obara, Ryo Aeba, Yuko Kitagawa, Hiroyuki Yamagishi, Tatsuo Kuroda
Children with single ventricle physiology have complete mixing of the pulmonary and systemic circulations, requiring staged procedures to achieve a separation of these circulations, or Fontan circulation. The single ventricle physiology significantly increases the risk of mortality in children undergoing non-cardiac surgery. As liver transplantation for patients with single ventricle physiology is particularly challenging, only a few reports have been published. We herein report a case of successful LDLTx for an 8-month-old pediatric patient with biliary atresia, heterotaxy, and complex heart disease of single ventricle physiology...
May 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
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