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Vena. Cava superior syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912977/isolated-persistent-left-superior-vena-cava-sick-sinus-syndrome-and-challenging-pacemaker-implantation
#1
Hatice S Kemal, Aziz Gunsel, Levent Cerit, Murat Kocaoglu, Hamza Duygu
Persistent left superior vena cava with absent right superior vena cava is a very rare venous anomaly and is known as isolated PLSVC. It is usually an asymptomatic anomaly and is mostly detected during difficult central venous access or pacemaker implantation, though it could also be associated with an increased incidence of congenital heart disease, arrhythmias, and conduction disturbances. Herein, we describe a dual-chamber pacemaker implantation in a patient with isolated PLSVC and sick sinus syndrome.
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893026/superior-vena-cava-as-gateway-to-heart-metastatic-breast-carcinoma-causing-ball-in-a-loop-metastasis-to-right-atrium
#2
Harpreet Singh Sandhu, Sampath Kumar Mahadevappa Mahendrakar, Sulaiman Sadruddin Ladhani, Azizullah Hafizullah Khan, Yunus Shafi Loya
Breast carcinoma is the most common invasive cancer in women worldwide. It metastasizes commonly to bone, lungs, regional lymph nodes and brain. Cardiac metastasis of lung and breast cancers is a known but rare complication of advanced disease with tumour metastasising to pericardium via the locoregional lymphatic system. Here we present a case of 59-year-old female presenting with right upper limb oedema, facial puffiness and features of Superior Vena Cava (SVC) syndrome 15 years after mastectomy and adjuvant chemotherapy, radiotherapy for carcinoma of the right breast...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890067/retrosternal-metastatic-papillary-thyroid-cancer-causing-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-a-very-rare-presentation
#3
Bader Hamza Shirah, Hamza Asaad Shirah, Abubaker Khalid Al Hassan, Abubaker Elamine Elnour
Thyroid cancer causing superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome is a very rare clinical entity with only 26 cases reported worldwide. Metastatic thyroid cancer causing SVC syndrome several years following resection of the primary tumor is extremely rare with only two cases reported; one of them was of the papillary variety. We report the second case worldwide of metastatic papillary thyroid cancer causing SVC syndrome two years after total thyroidectomy of the original tumor in a 62-year-old Indian female pilgrim...
September 7, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858539/radiographic-findings-of-distressed-venous-stents-and-inferior-vena-cava-filters-clinical-implications
#4
Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, Steven D Abramowitz, Matthew L Osher, Minhaj S Khaja, Kyle J Cooper, Wael E Saad, David M Williams
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to describe an association between the radiographic appearance of distressed intravascular implants and venous stenosis or occlusion and to determine the success of reparative endovascular procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-eight patients with distressed stents or inferior vena cava (IVC) filters characterized by pursing (short-axis contracture), straightening, longitudinal contraction (long-axis contracture), or fracture were identified from retrospective review of a venous registry for the period from February 2004 to October 2016...
August 31, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855032/-prognostic-and-predictive-value-of-thyroid-transcription-factor-1-cd56-p40-and-other-clinical-characteristics-in-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients
#5
Xin Wang, Yi Zhang, Mu Hu, Ruotian Wang, Lei Liu, Kun Qian, Yuanbo Li, Xiuyi Zhi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to explore roles of thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1), CD56, P40 expression and other clinical characteristics predicting response and survival in patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC). METHODS: Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded biopsy tissues were retrospectively obtained from 198 SCLC patients who were diagnosed first in Xuanwu Hospital. The expressions of TTF-1, CD56 and P40 were detected by immunohistochemistry...
August 20, 2017: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838531/ascending-aortic-pseudoaneurysm-as-an-unusual-cause-of-superior-vena-cava-syndrome
#6
Zhiqi Zhang, Kanhua Yin, Yongxin Sun, Chunsheng Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836006/management-of-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-in-critically-ill-cancer-patients
#7
Sarah Morin, Adeline Grateau, Danielle Reuter, Eric de Kerviler, Constance de Margerie-Mellon, Cédric de Bazelaire, Lara Zafrani, Benoit Schlemmer, Elie Azoulay, Emmanuel Canet
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to describe the management and outcome of critically ill cancer patients with Superior Vena Cava Syndrome (SVCS). METHODS: All cancer patients admitted to the medical intensive care unit (ICU) of the Saint-Louis University Hospital for a SVCS between January 2004 and December 2016 were included. RESULTS: Of the 50 patients included in the study, obstruction of the superior vena cava was partial in two-thirds of the cases and complete in one-third...
August 24, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819093/non-seminomatous-germ-cell-tumor-presenting-with-superior-vena-cava-syndrome
#8
Paolo K Soriano, Muhammad F Iqbal, Omar M Siddiqui, Jeff F Wang, Meghna R Desai
BACKGROUND Primary mediastinal non-seminomatous germ cell tumors (NSGCTs) are aggressive and carry a poor five-year disease free survival rate even with aggressive treatment. We describe a young adult male with primary mediastinal NSGCT presenting with airway obstruction and superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS). CASE REPORT The patient presented with four weeks of nonproductive cough, weight loss, and right-sided pleuritic chest pain. Chest computed topography (CT) imaging demonstrated a right-sided mediastinal mass determined as a yolk sac tumor on biopsy...
August 18, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807107/etiologies-and-management-of-cutaneous-flushing-nonmalignant-causes
#9
REVIEW
Azeen Sadeghian, Hailey Rouhana, Brittany Oswald-Stumpf, Erin Boh
The flushing phenomenon may represent a physiologic or a pathologic reaction. Although flushing is usually benign, it is prudent that the physician remains aware of potentially life-threatening conditions associated with cutaneous flushing. A thorough investigation should be performed if the flushing is atypical or not clearly associated with a benign underlying process. The diagnosis often relies on a pertinent history, review of systems, physical examination, and various laboratory and imaging modalities, all of which are discussed in the 2 articles in this continuing medical education series...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799105/superior-vena-cava-syndrome-with-the-hepatic-hot-spot-sign
#10
Abhilash Koratala, Vikrampal Bhatti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779785/symptomatic-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-in-hemodialysis-patients-mid-term-results-of-primary-stenting
#11
MULTICENTER STUDY
Mafalda Massara, Giovanni De Caridi, Antonino Alberti, Pietro Volpe, Francesco Spinelli
This clinical report details the results of endovascular treatment of symptomatic superior vena cava syndrome due to central vein stenosis or obstruction (CVSO) by stent angioplasty in patients with dialysis-dependent end-stage renal disease. A 3-year retrospective review of two institutional registries identified 25 chronic hemodialysis patients (17 men, 8 women) affected by CVSO who received endovascular treatment. The majority of the patients (n = 19) presented with symptomatic arm, breast, and facial swelling; and 6 patients presented with dialysis-access dysfunction and venous-line hypertension...
December 2016: Seminars in Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763827/-management-of-a-port-catheter-related-superior-vena-cava-thrombosis-in-the-setting-of-active-crohn-s-disease-a%C3%A2-case-report
#12
Ludwig Abel, Britta Uhde, Rolf Dembinski, Konstantin Schraepler
History and clinical findings A 56 year-old woman was admitted to our hospital for treatment of a severe exacerbation of Crohn's disease. During the stay a port catheter was implanted, safeguarding nutrition. A few days later the patient developed symptoms of a severe superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome with dyspnea, cyanosis, headaches and swelling of face and upper extremities. Examination A CT scan showed port catheter-associated SVC thrombosis with complete occlusion of the SVC. Diagnosis There was a coexistence of a port catheter-associated SVC thrombosis with complete occlusion of the SVC and a severe exacerbation of Crohn's disease with haematochezia...
August 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740919/palliative-radiation-therapy-for-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-in-metastatic-wilms-tumor-using-10xfff-and-3d-surface-imaging-to-avoid-anesthesia-in-a-pediatric-patient-a-teaching-case
#13
Jean-Claude M Rwigema, Kelly Lamiman, Robert S Reznik, Nicole J H Lee, Arthur Olch, Kenneth K Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Advances in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738751/a-single-center-retrospective-study-clinical-features-of-different-types-of-budd-chiari-syndrome-in-chinese-patients-in-the-hubei-area
#14
Gangping Li, Ying Huang, Shunyu Tang, Yuhu Song, Huimin Liang, Dehan Liu, Ling Yang, Xiaohua Hou
Background The characteristics and prevalence of Budd-Chiari syndrome in China remain unclear. This study aimed to analyze the clinical features of Budd-Chiari syndrome in Chinese patients in the Hubei area. Methods One-hundred and thirty patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome, admitted to Union Hospital from January 2002 to January 2011, were included in this retrospective study. Clinical features, laboratory data, imaging characteristics, and cumulative patency rates were analyzed. Results Of the 130 patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome, 77 were men (59...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734433/hybrid-approach-for-the-treatment-of-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-induced-by-pacemaker
#15
Ramón Maseda Uriza, Alfonso Jurado-Román, Javier Jimenez Díaz, Jesús Piqueras Flores, Felipe Higuera Sobrino, Enrique Oliva De Anquín
Pacemaker-induced superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) is a rare but incapacitating adverse event that can occur years after implantation. Inasmuch as it is a rare disease, there is no consensus about its treatment. The most widely used option is balloon angioplasty and venous stent implantation, with preservation of the lead or previous extraction and subsequent reimplantation after the procedure, which is associated with new episodes of thrombosis. The epicardial implantation reduces the risk of thrombosis...
August 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716868/solitary-fibrous-tumour-a-rare-tumour-of-the-pleural-cavity
#16
Ronit Bar-Haim, Alexe Gavrilov, Alexander Samokhvalov, Edward Altman
Solitary fibrous tumours are a rare group of tumours that originate from connective tissues such as the pleura and mediastinum. When growing within the thoracic cavity these tumours exert pressure on vital organs and large vessels. We have successfully operated on two patients with large solitary fibrous tumours and managed the pathophysiological changes manifested as superior vena cava syndrome resulting from these tumours.
July 16, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709918/unroofed-coronary-sinus-syndrome-an-easily-corrected-congenital-anomaly-but-more-diagnostic-suspicions-are-needed
#17
Changcheng Chen, Lili Xu, Yi Xu, Ping Li, Shuo Liu, Bin You
BACKGROUND: Unroofed coronary sinus syndrome (URCSS) is a spectrum of cardiac anomalies in which part (partial type) or the entire common wall (complete type) between the coronary sinus (CS) and left atrium is absent. It is commonly associated with a persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC). The PLSVC can even anomalously connect to the left atrium in complete type anomaly. URCSS has been reported to be associated with delayed diagnosis and life-threatening cerebral injury. The purpose of the present study was to review our experience with surgical correction of this often-concealed malformation and discuss methods for reducing diagnostic omission...
June 22, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690945/pacemaker-placement-in-persistent-left-superior-vena-cava
#18
Murtaza Sundhu, Mubbasher Syed, Sajjad Gul, Bilal Saqi, Robert Mosteller
Persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) is a rare disorder which is asymptomatic and hence is usually discovered while performing interventions through the left subclavian vein. We present a case of a 78-year-old male who was undergoing elective placement of a permanent pacemaker for tachycardia - bradycardia syndrome with post-conversion pauses of up to nine seconds. After achieving access through the left subclavian vein the wire kept on going on the left side of the chest instead of crossing the midline to the right side...
June 5, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681367/expandable-metallic-stent-for-endobronchial-metastasis-from-colorectal-cancer-reports-of-2-cases
#19
Tomoki Nakamura, Takayuki Tajima, Takashi Ogimi, Hiroshi Miyakita, Miho Nitta, Kazunori Myojin, Sakurako Tajiri, Ichiro Kobayashi, Takayuki Nishi, Sotaro Sadahiro, Hideo Shimada
In recent years, there have been many reports about the efficacy of stenting for central bronchial stenosis. When central bronchial stenosis is due to metastasis of a malignant tumor to the trachea and/or bronchi (endobronchial metastasis: EM), it is classified as "narrow EM" and "broad EM." [1] We managed two patients in whom bilateral stent placement was required for narrow and broad EM arising from colorectal cancer. Case 1: In September 2011, a 66-year-old man underwent low anterior resection for advanced colorectal cancer associated with unresectable liver metastasis...
July 20, 2017: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658779/sclerosing-mediastinitis-presenting-as-complete-heart-block
#20
Reena Bharadwaj, Manoj Gopal Madakshira, Prashant Bharadwaj, Hardeep Singh Sidhu
Sclerosing Mediastinitis (SM) is a rare condition which is characterized by the presence of dense fibrosis which infiltrates and encroaches upon various structures in the mediastinal cavity. Depending on the extent and the predominant organ of involvement, the patient presents with symptomatology of dysphagia, superior vena cava compression syndrome or dyspnoea. However, the involvement of the heart is rarely seen. Aetiologies of SM are several, with infections being the most common. We discuss a case of SM involving the oesophagus, descending aorta, hilum of lungs and the heart secondary to mucormycosis in an immunocompetent male...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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