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Pneumonitis lupus

Georgina Aguilera-Pickens, Carlos Abud-Mendoza
Systemic lupus erythematosus is the diffuse autoimmune connective tissue disease that most frequently involves pulmonary involvement, affecting 20% of 90% of the patients. The percentage varies depending on the defining criteria (symptoms, pulmonary tests or histopathological studies). At least once during the disease course, 50% of those affected have pleural and/or pulmonary manifestations, which are associated with higher morbidity and mortality. Pulmonary involvement has no correlation with lupus activity biomarkers, and it is necessary to rule out infectious processes in the initial approach...
May 14, 2018: Reumatología Clinica
Tuğba Şişmanlar Eyüboğlu, Ayşe Tana Aslan, Yeşim Özdemir, Deniz Gezgin Yıldırım, Necla Buyan, Öznur Boyunağa
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic autoimmune disease which has broad pleuropulmonary manifestations. One of the rare and mortal complications is acute lupus pneumonitis, which is reported very rarely, especially in childhood. Herein, we report an 8-year-old girl with isolated acute lupus pneumonitis as the initial presentation that required a lung biopsy for diagnosis. Although she had improvement with the administration of steroids, steroid treatment was reduced due to the drug's side effects resulting in the addition of azathioprine and mycophenolate mofetil to the treatment regimen...
March 27, 2018: Auto- Immunity Highlights
Mei-Chuan Chen, Yueh-Lin Wu, Kai-Ling Lee, Kevin S Lai, Chi-Li Chung
Lupus pneumonitis carries high mortality and is a rare manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, it is difficult to diagnose and is often mistaken as pneumonia, alveolar haemorrhage, or organizing pneumonia. Previous studies demonstrated that serum anti-Ro antibodies are elevated more frequently in SLE patients with pneumonitis than in those without. We report a 21-year-old female who was newly diagnosed as having SLE with nephritis and who suddenly developed right lung opacity and rapidly progressed to severe hypoxaemia despite the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics...
January 2018: Respirology Case Reports
G de Chabot, G Justeau, F Pinquié, A Nadaj-Pakleza, E Hoppé, J Hureaux, T Urban
Programmed death receptor 1 (PD1) checkpoint inhibitors are known for immune mediated toxicities such as colitis, endocrinopathies and pneumonitis. However, other rare adverse effects are reported in the literature. Nivolumab is an anti-PD1 immunotherapy used in the second line of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We report two cases of rare toxicities occurring under nivolumab in patients without a history of dysimmunity. A 79-year-old patient with a large-cell carcinoma showed a muscle weakness after the second course, revealing myositis with a CPK grade IV elevation as well as symptoms of myasthenia...
December 2017: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
Bharat Bajantri, Shaik Danial, Richard Duncalf, Misbahuddin Khaja
Mycoplasma pneumoniae has been associated with respiratory tract infections. Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia-related pleural effusion is rarely reported. Extra-pulmonary abnormalities such as encephalitis, myocarditis, glomerulonephritis, and myringitis have been reported. However pulmonary manifestations in systemic lupus erythematosus include pneumonitis, pleurisy, interstitial lung disease, and thromboembolic disease. We present the case of a 26-year-old male who came for evaluation of fever, cough, and shortness of breath with right-sided chest pain...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Biljana Lazovic, Mirjana Zlatkovic-Svenda, Damir Jasarovic, Dejan Stevanovic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
Van T La, Kathleen Teves, Vaneet K Sandhu
Pulmonary manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) include, but are not limited to, pneumonia, interstitial pneumonitis, atelectasis and pleural effusion. Cavitary lung lesions are rarely associated with SLE. We present herein the case of a female patient with SLE and lupus nephritis who presented to the hospital with respiratory failure, rash and arthralgias. She was found to have a cavitary lung lesion most concerning for infection. However, despite an extensive inpatient antibiotic course, her symptoms persisted...
October 2017: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Sarah K Holman, Donique Parris, Sarah Meyers, Jason Ramirez
A 35-year-old female was started on hydralazine 10 mg orally three times a day for treatment of postpartum hypertension. Three months later, after multiple unsuccessful courses of prednisone and antibiotics for presumed pneumonia and asthma exacerbations, her respiratory symptoms progressed in severity and she developed resting hypoxia. Previous diagnostic work-up included spirometry with a restrictive pattern, chest CT showing bilateral basilar consolidation, negative BAL, and nonspecific findings on lung biopsy of mild inflammatory cells...
2017: Case Reports in Pulmonology
Harald Leiss, Wilhelm Salzberger, Barbara Jacobs, Irina Gessl, Nicolas Kozakowski, Stephan Blüml, Antonia Puchner, Attila Kiss, Bruno K Podesser, Josef S Smolen, Georg H Stummvoll
OBJECTIVE: We herein examine the role of endogenous miR155 in the development of systemic manifestations in pristane induced lupus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Systemic lupus in miR155-deficient and wild type mice was induced upon injection of pristane and analyzed after 8 months, PBS-injected mice served as controls. Glomerulonephritis and pneumonitis were quantified using the kidney biopsy score and a newly adapted histomorphometric image analysis system; lung tissue was further analyzed by tissue cytometry...
2017: PloS One
Konstantinos Tselios, Murray B Urowitz
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is characterized by various clinical manifestations and immunologic abnormalities. Cardiovascular and respiratory system involvement are increasingly recognized as critical for patients' prognosis. In this review, current knowledge concerning diagnosis, pathogenesis and treatment of the cardiac and pulmonary lupus manifestations are discussed. METHOD: Review of the literature. RESULTS: Although pericarditis is the most frequent heart manifestation in the context of lupus, valvular disease and less often myocarditis may be detected...
2017: Current Rheumatology Reviews
Akash Roy, Bhattacharya Pk, Lyngdoh M, M D Jamil, Talukdar K
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Avinash Rao U, H K Aggarwal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Noha Abdel-Wahab, Mohsin Shah, Maria E Suarez-Almazor
BACKGROUND: Three checkpoint inhibitor drugs have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for use in specific types of cancers. While the results are promising, severe immunotherapy-related adverse events (irAEs) have been reported. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review of case reports describing the occurrence of irAEs in patients with cancer following checkpoint blockade therapy, primarily to identify potentially unrecognized or unusual clinical findings and toxicity...
2016: PloS One
Caihong Ji, Xing Yu, Yong Wang, Lufeng Shi
Intestinal pseudo-obstruction (IpsO) and acute lupus pneumonitis (ALP) are uncommon severe complications of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The present study reports the case of a 26-year-old female who presented with abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting as initial symptoms. Computed tomography (CT) scanning revealed the jejunal wall was thickened and streaky, mimicking the presentation of intestinal obstruction. Following emergency surgery, the patient's general condition was aggravated, with evident limb erythematous rashes...
July 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
H K Aggarwal, D Jain, A Mittal, A Rao, R K Yadav, P Jain
We report a case of 19 year-old female patient diagnosed as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) presented with fever and diffuse cutaneous lesions. During the hospital stay she had acute pneumonia, pleural effusion and respiratory failure, which required intensive care unit (ICU) care and mechanical ventilator support. A fulminant course of the disease, decreased values of complement levels and positive antinuclear antibodies (ANA) in pleural fluid and repeated negative sputum for acid-fast bacillus, blood cultures enabled diagnosis of fulminant lupus pneumonitis...
June 23, 2016: Reumatismo
S A Wan, C L Teh, A T Jobli
Objective The aim of this study was to examine the clinical features, treatment and outcome of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients in our centre who presented with lupus pneumonitis as the initial manifestation. Methods We performed a retrospective review of all patients who presented with lupus pneumonitis during the initial SLE manifestation from March 2006 to March 2015. Results There were a total of five patients in our study who presented with fever and cough as the main clinical features. All patients had pulmonary infiltrates on chest radiographs...
November 2016: Lupus
Matiuallah Naqibullah, Saher B Shaker, Karen S Bach, Elisabeth Bendstrup
Rituximab (RTX), a mouse/human chimeric anti-CD20 IgG1 monoclonal antibody has been effectively used as a single agent or in combination with chemotherapy regimen to treat lymphoma since 1997. In addition, it has been used to treat idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, systemic lupus erythematous, rheumatoid arthritis, and autoimmune hemolytic anemia. Recently, RTX has also been suggested for the treatment of certain connective tissue disease-related interstitial lung diseases (ILD) and hypersensitivity pneumonitis...
2015: European Clinical Respiratory Journal
V Furer, D Zisman, E Pokroy-Shapira, Y Molad, O Elkayam, D Paran
OBJECTIVES: Belimumab has recently been approved for the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) refractory to standard therapy. Following one case of an SLE flare after cessation of belimumab, we hypothesized that this might lead to a rebound phenomenon and possible exacerbation of SLE. METHOD: Members of the Israeli Society of Rheumatology were contacted by e-mail and asked to report cases of an SLE flare following cessation of belimumab treatment. RESULTS: Three cases of SLE patients who experienced a severe SLE flare following cessation of belimumab therapy were reported...
2016: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
Eva Rath, Shahin Zandieh, Alexander Löckinger, Mirko Hirschl, Klaus Klaushofer, Jochen Zwerina
Mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) is a rare connective tissue disease frequently involving the lungs. The main characteristic is a systemic sclerosis-like picture of slowly progressing interstitial lung disease consistent with lung fibrosis, while pulmonary arterial hypertension is rare. Herein, we present a case of a newly diagnosed MCTD patient developing life-threatening acute pneumonitis similar to lupus pneumonitis. Previous literature on this exceptionally rare complication of MCTD is reviewed and differential diagnosis and management discussed...
October 2015: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Eva N Hadaschik, Xiaoying Wei, Harald Leiss, Britta Heckmann, Birgit Niederreiter, Günter Steiner, Walter Ulrich, Alexander H Enk, Josef S Smolen, Georg H Stummvoll
INTRODUCTION: Scurfy mice are deficient in regulatory T cells (Tregs), develop a severe, generalized autoimmune disorder that can affect almost every organ and die at an early age. Some of these manifestations resemble those found in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In addition, active SLE is associated with low Treg numbers and reduced Treg function, but direct evidence for a central role of Treg malfunction in the pathophysiology of lupus-like manifestations is still missing. In the present study, we characterize the multiorgan pathology, autoantibody profile and blood count abnormalities in scurfy mice and show their close resemblances to lupus-like disease...
2015: Arthritis Research & Therapy
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