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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896270/the-assessment-of-facial-expressions-in-piglets-undergoing-tail-docking-and-castration-toward-the-development-of-the-piglet-grimace-scale
#1
Pierpaolo Di Giminiani, Victoria L M H Brierley, Annalisa Scollo, Flaviana Gottardo, Emma M Malcolm, Sandra A Edwards, Matthew C Leach
Many piglets are exposed to potentially painful husbandry procedures within the first week of life, including tail docking and castration, without the provision of either anesthesia or analgesia. The assessment methods used to evaluate pain experienced by piglets are often affected by low specificity and practical limitations, prompting the investigation of alternative methodologies. The assessment of changes in facial expression following a painful event has been successfully applied to several species. The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the utility of a Grimace Scale applied to neonatal pigs to evaluate pain evoked by tail docking and castration...
2016: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883975/evaluation-of-current-practices-in-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-the-written-worldwide-tavi-experience-survey
#2
Enrico Cerrato, Luis Nombela-Franco, Tamim M Nazif, Helene Eltchaninoff, Lars Søndergaard, Henrique B Ribeiro, Marco Barbanti, Fabian Nietlispach, Peter De Jaegere, Pierfrancesco Agostoni, Ramiro Trillo, Pilar Jimenez-Quevedo, Fabrizio D'Ascenzo, Olaf Wendler, Gabriel Maluenda, Mao Chen, Corrado Tamburino, Carlos Macaya, Martin B Leon, Josep Rodes-Cabau
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has been adopted worldwide as the standard treatment for severe aortic stenosis in symptomatic patients at prohibitive or high surgical risk, but there are still several areas where consensus and evidence are lacking. The purpose was to obtain a global view of current practice related to TAVI with the potential to identify the main areas of consensus and divergence between centers. METHODS: An online questionnaire was distributed in centers performing TAVI including a total of 59 questions concerning pre-procedural evaluation, procedural practices and post-procedural management...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793238/pain-after-major-elective-orthopedic-surgery-of-the-lower-limb-and-type-of-anesthesia-does-it-matter
#3
Diogo Luís Pereira, Hugo Lourenço Meleiro, Inês Araújo Correia, Sara Fonseca
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Total knee arthroplasty and total hip arthroplasty are associated with chronic pain development. Of the studies focusing on perioperative factors for chronic pain, few have focused on the differences that might arise from the anesthesia type performed during surgery. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study performed between July 2014 and March 2015 with patients undergoing unilateral elective total knee arthroplasty (TKA) or total hip arthroplasty (THA) for osteoarthritis...
November 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746568/comparisons-of-single-injection-thoracic-paravertebral-block-with-ropivacaine-and-bupivacaine-in-breast-cancer-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-double-blinded-study
#4
Ashutosh Sahu, Rajnish Kumar, Mumtaz Hussain, Ajit Gupta, K H Raghwendra
BACKGROUND: Regional anesthesia using paravertebral block has been suggested as an ideal adjunct to general anesthesia for modified radical mastectomy. Paravertebral block is an effective management of peri-operative pain for Modified radical mastectomy, however, there are no established guidelines regarding what is the most suitable strategy when varying drugs and dosages between different groups. AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of paravertebral block comparing the most frequently employed drugs in this procedure (bupivacaine vs ropivacaine)...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740477/4-d-ice-a-2-d-array-transducer-with-integrated-asic-in-a-10-fr-catheter-for-real-time-3-d-intracardiac-echocardiography
#5
Douglas Wildes, Warren Lee, Bruno Haider, Scott Cogan, Krishnakumar Sundaresan, David M Mills, Christopher Yetter, Patrick H Hart, Christopher R Haun, Mikael Concepcion, Johan Kirkhorn, Marc Bitoun
We developed a 2.5 ×6.6 mm (2) 2 -D array transducer with integrated transmit/receive application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) for real-time 3-D intracardiac echocardiography (4-D ICE) applications. The ASIC and transducer design were optimized so that the high-voltage transmit, low-voltage time-gain control and preamp, subaperture beamformer, and digital control circuits for each transducer element all fit within the 0.019-mm (2) area of the element. The transducer assembly was deployed in a 10-Fr (3...
December 2016: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725150/anesthesia-specific-differences-in-a-cardio-pulmonary-resuscitation-rat-model-halothane-versus-sevoflurane
#6
Torben Esser, Gerburg Keilhoff, Uwe Ebmeyer
OBJECTIVE: Our asphyxia cardiac arrest (ACA) rat model is well established. The original model was designed in the 1990(th) using halothane and nitrous oxide for pre-insult anesthesia. Because of its hepato-toxicity and its potential to induce severe liver failures, halothane is no longer used in clinical anesthesia for several years. In order to minimize the health risk for our laboratory staff as well as to keep the experimental settings of our model on a clinically oriented basis we decided to replace halothane by sevoflurane...
October 7, 2016: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687395/respiratory-volume-monitoring-in-an-obese-surgical-population-and-the-prediction-of-postoperative-respiratory-depression-by-the-stop-bang-osa-risk-score
#7
Roman Schumann, Andrzej P Kwater, Iwona Bonney, Diane Ladd, Julie Kim, Anupriya Gupta, Sam D Gumbert, Evan G Pivalizza
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate use of a respiratory volume monitor (RVM; ExSpiron, Respiratory Motion, Inc., Waltham, MA, USA) that provides minute ventilation (MV), tidal volume (TV) and respiratory rate (RR) measurements in obese surgical patients, hitherto undescribed. DESIGN: Prospective, IRB-approved observational study of RVM parameter accuracy in obese surgical patients, designed to test the ability of the RVM to detect predefined postoperative respiratory depression (PORD) and apneic events (POA) and to correlate STOP-Bang scores with PORD and POA...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672103/treatment-of-a-giant%C3%A2-inguinal-hernia-using-transabdominal-pre-peritoneal-repair
#8
Masato Momiyama, Fumitoshi Mizutani, Tatsuyoshi Yamamoto, Yoshinori Aoyama, Hiroshi Hasegawa, Hideo Yamamoto
We present the case of a male Japanese patient with a giant inguinal hernia that extended to his knees while standing. A transabdominal pre-peritoneal (TAPP) repair was performed under general anesthesia. Complete reduction of the contents of the hernia was achieved within 2 h 50 min. A blood loss of approximately 700 ml was noted. The patient was discharged from the hospital on post-operative Day 12, with no recurrence of the hernia 6 months post-surgery. Factors contributing to the successful outcomes included preparation of several reduction methods before surgery, use of a large size mesh and implementation of pre-operative measures to prevent abdominal compartment syndrome...
September 25, 2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648259/intramembranous-bone-regeneration-and-implant-placement-using-mechanical-femoral-marrow-ablation-rodent-models
#9
Meghan M Moran, Kotaro Sena, Margaret A McNulty, D R Sumner, Amarjit S Virdi
In this paper, we provide a detailed protocol for a model of long bone mechanical marrow ablation in the rodent, including surgical procedure, anesthesia, and pre- and post-operative care. In addition, frequently used experimental end points are briefly discussed. This model was developed to study intramembranous bone regeneration following surgical disruption of the marrow contents of long bones. In this model, the timing of the appearance of bone formation and remodeling is well-characterized and therefore the model is well-suited to evaluate the in vivo effects of various agents which influence these processes...
2016: BoneKEy Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639506/-pain-after-major-elective-orthopedic-surgery-of-the-lower-limb-and-type-of-anesthesia-does-it-matter
#10
Diogo Luís Pereira, Hugo Lourenço Meleiro, Inês Araújo Correia, Sara Fonseca
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Total knee arthroplasty and total hip arthroplasty are associated with chronic pain development. Of the studies focusing on perioperative factors for chronic pain, few have focused on the differences that might arise from the anesthesia type performed during surgery. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study performed between July 2014 and March 2015 with patients undergoing unilateral elective total knee arthroplasty (TKA) or total hip arthroplasty (THA) for osteoarthritis...
September 14, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638297/simulation-based-assessment-of-anesthesiology-residents-competence-development-and-implementation-of-the-canadian-national-anesthesiology-simulation-curriculum-cannasc
#11
Michelle Chiu, Jordan Tarshis, Andreas Antoniou, T Laine Bosma, Jessica E Burjorjee, Neil Cowie, Simone Crooks, Kate Doyle, David Dubois, Tobias Everett, Rachel Fisher, Megan Hayter, Genevieve McKinnon, Diana Noseworthy, Noel O'Regan, Greg Peachey, Arnaud Robitaille, Michael Sullivan, Marshall Tenenbein, Marie-Helene Tremblay
The specialty of anesthesiology will soon adopt the Competence By Design (CBD) approach to residency education developed by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC). A foundational component of CBD is frequent and contextualized assessment of trainees. In 2013, the RCPSC Anesthesiology Specialty Committee assembled a group of simulation educators, representing each of the 17 Canadian anesthesiology residency programs, to form the Canadian National Anesthesiology Simulation Curriculum (CanNASC) Task Force...
September 16, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635291/comparison-of-intraoperative-and-postoperative-complications-based-on-asa-risks-in-patients-who-underwent-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy
#12
Hüseyin Buğra Karakaş, İzzet Çiçekbilek, Adem Tok, Tamer Alışkan, Bülent Akduman
OBJECTIVE: In this study we aimed to evaluate intraoperative and postoperative complications which developed according to pre-operative American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) risk criteria in patients who had undergone percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Five hundred and sixty patients who had undergone PNL between 2002 and 2014 were included in the study. Patients operated on the ipsilateral kidney, those with solitary kidney or the cases who had previously undergone more than one access were excluded from this study...
September 2016: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617384/oral-health-education-in-children-before-dental-treatment-under-general-anesthesia
#13
Marie-Cécile Valéra, Isabelle Aragon, Paul Monsarrat, Fréderic Vaysse, Emmanuelle Noirrit-Esclassan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the attitude of parents towards the oral health of their children before oral rehabilitation under general anesthesia (GA). STUDY DESIGN: Children receiving dental treatment under GA between November 2013 and July 2014 in the Pediatric Dentistry Department (University Hospital Center, Toulouse, France) were enrolled in an oral health preventive program. An anonymous questionnaire was self-administered by the parents during the pre-operative session...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595949/preoperative-surgical-discussion-and-information-retention-by-patients
#14
David E Feiner, Ghazi M Rayan
BACKGROUND: To assess how much information communicated to patients is understood and retained after preoperative discussion of upper extremity procedures. METHODS: A prospective study was designed by recruiting patients prior to undergoing upper extremity surgical procedures after a detailed discussion of their operative technique, postoperative care and treatment outcomes. Patients were given the same 20-item questionnaire to fill out twice, at two pre operative visits...
October 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567383/evaluation-of-the-anatomical-and-auditory-outcomes-of-minimally-invasive-cartilage-myringoplasty-our-technique-and-experience
#15
Eda Simsek, Ozalkan Ozkan, Cüneyt Kucur, Ayşe Carlıoglu
: The purpose of this study was to assess closure rates in tympanic membrane perforations of various dimensions using the tragal cartilage-perichondrium composite graft and its effect on hearing values and also to present our own experiences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-one patients presenting to our clinic in 2014-2015 and diagnosed with tympanic membrane perforation were included in the study. Otomicroscopic and otoendoscopic examinations were performed preoperatively and at the 12th month postoperatively...
August 5, 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563588/developing-competency-in-interns-for-endotracheal-intubation-an-educational-article
#16
Harsha Dhirubhai Makwana, Nilay N Suthar, Mehul P Gajjar, Advait V Thakor
BACKGROUND: Our existing undergraduate curriculum lacks developing competency for endotracheal intubation. Even though it is a lifesaving procedure, interns are exposed only during their posting in anesthesia or emergency medicine and so, when need arises, they fail to perform endotracheal intubation and it leads to catastrophes. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop competency in interns for endotracheal intubation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A study was conducted on fifty interns of medical college...
July 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556540/comparative-evaluation-of-ventilatory-function-through-pre-and-postoperative-peak-expiratory-flow-in-patients-submitted-to-elective-upper-abdominal-surgery
#17
Caio Fernando Cavanus Scheeren, José Júlio Saraiva Gonçalves
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the ventilatory function by Peak Expiratory Flow (PEF) in the immediate pre and postoperative periods of patients undergoing elective surgical procedures in the upper abdomen. METHODS: we conducted a prospective cohort study including 47 patients admitted to the Hospital Regional de Mato Grosso do Sul from July to December 2014, who underwent elective surgeries of the upper abdomen, and submiited to spirometric evaluation and measurement of PEF immediately before and after surgery...
May 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543066/nanostructured-lipid-carriers-as-robust-systems-for-topical-lidocaine-prilocaine-release-in-dentistry
#18
Lígia N M Ribeiro, Michelle Franz-Montan, Márcia C Breitkreitz, Ana C S Alcântara, Simone R Castro, Viviane A Guilherme, Raquel M Barbosa, Eneida de Paula
In dental practice, local anesthesia causes pain, fear, and stress, and is frequently the reason that patients abandon treatment. Topical anesthetics are applied in order to minimize the discomfort caused by needle insertion and injection, and to reduce the symptoms of superficial trauma at the oral mucosa, but there are still no efficient commercially available formulations. Factorial design is a multivariate data analysis procedure that can be used to optimize the manufacturing processes of lipid nanocarriers, providing valuable information and minimizing development time...
October 10, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535629/single-stage-posterolateral-transpedicular-approach-with-360-degree-stabilization-and-vertebrectomy-in-primary-and-metastatic-tumors-of-the-spine
#19
Yurdal Gezercan, Gökhan Çavuş, Ali Ihsan Ökten, Güner Menekşe, Mustafa Çikili, Fulya Adamhasan, Ali Arslan, Vedat Açik
OBJECTIVE: Currently, anterior, posterior or combined approaches are used in various spinal disorders. However, a single-stage posterolateral transpedicular approach with 360-degree stabilization and vertebrectomy provides better results for spinal tumors. METHODS: We evaluated the age, gender distribution, presenting symptoms, neurological examination findings according to the pre- and post-operative Frankel classification, pre- and post-operative VAS pain scores, pre-operatively administered medical therapies, pre- and post-operative corset use, level of the lesion, levels of previous surgical interventions, root ligation (if performed), results of the primary disease, hospitalization duration (after the operation), post-operative complications (if any), post-operative follow-up duration and post-operative survival duration of 22 patients...
August 12, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27534561/outcomes-of-hypnosis-combined-with-local-anesthesia-during-inguinal-repair-a-pilot-study
#20
B Romain, M Rodriguez, F Story, J-B Delhorme, C Brigand, S Rohr
PURPOSE: To evaluate the usefulness and outcomes of hypnosis associated with local anesthesia during inguinal hernia repair procedure, notably on post-operative pain. METHODS: A prospective study included patients operated on inguinal hernia repair according to Lichtenstein technique from January 2013 to September 2014. The cohort was divided into three groups (group 1: local anesthesia; group 2: hypnosis and local anesthesia; and group 3: general anesthesia). A questionnaire was filled by each participant before and after surgery...
August 17, 2016: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
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