keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

calcium urolithiasis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227142/perineal-urethrostomy-to-treat-obstructive-urolithiasis-in-a-captive-hand-raised-steenbok-i-raphicerus-campestris-i
#1
Luke A Poore, Ross Hendry, Johan Steyl, Silke Pfitzer
The steenbok (Raphicerus campestris) is a small antelope of the family Bovidae native to the African continent. Urolithiasis, the formation of urinary calculi in the urinary tract, can be caused by a variety of factors such as diet, dehydration, infection and anatomical predisposition. Urolithiasis, with uroliths identified as magnesium calcium phosphate carbonate in composition, was diagnosed in a hand-reared 5-month-old steenbok. Perineal urethrostomy was performed as a component of the broad treatment regime that included fluid therapy, antibiotic and anti-inflammatory treatment...
December 8, 2017: Journal of the South African Veterinary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197934/effects-of-statin-treatment-with-atorvastatin-on-urolithiasis-associated-urinary-metabolic-risk-factors-an-experimental-study
#2
Mustafa Zafer Temiz, Emrah Yuruk, Kasim Ertas, Oguzhan Zengi, Atilla Semercioz
PURPOSE: To investigate whether atorvastatin has favorable effects on urinary metabolic risk factors associated with urolithiasis. METHODS: Sixteen male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into two groups, and baseline spot and 24-h urine samples were collected. Distilled water and atorvastatin were administered to rats during 4 weeks in the control and atorvastatin groups, respectively. At the end of the experimental procedure, spot and 24-h urine samples were collected again...
December 2, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189886/antiurolithiatic-effect-of-the-taraxasterol-on-ethylene-glycol-induced-kidney-calculi-in-male-rats
#3
Mahboubeh Yousefi Ghale-Salimi, Maryam Eidi, Nasser Ghaemi, Ramezan Ali Khavari-Nejad
Taraxasterol is one of the important constituents of Taraxacum officinale L. (Compositae) with antioxidant potential. The present study was designed to evaluate and compare the antiurolithiatic effects of taraxasterol and potassium citrate in the ethylene glycol induced urolithiatic rat. Urolithiasis was induced by ammonium chloride and ethylene glycol in adult male rats. Taraxasterol (2, 4 and 8 mg/kg) and potassium citrate (2.5 g/kg) were treated for 33 days by gavage. Then, the animals were anesthetized and weighted and blood, urine, liver and kidney sampling were done...
November 30, 2017: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181438/parsley-mechanism-as-antiurolithiasis-remedy
#4
Fayed Al-Yousofy, Hussein Gumaih, Hassan Ibrahim, Afrah Alasbahy
Parsley is a medicinal plant used widely in urolithiasis. The present study aimed to evaluate the antiurolithiatic effect of parsley and its mechanism. 24 rats divided into four groups: group A (negative control), group B (positive control), group C (cystone® group) and group D (parsley group). Group B were treated with EG and Ammonium chloride (AC). Group C were treated as B plus cystone® and group D was treated as B plus parsley. The period of experiment was 15 days. Urine samples were analysis on days 0 and 15 days...
2017: American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169771/antiurolithiatic-activity-of-natural-constituents-isolated-from-aerva-lanata
#5
Basavaraj M Dinnimath, Sunil S Jalalpure, Umesh K Patil
BACKGROUND: Pashanabheda is used as antiurolithiatic in Ayurveda. In the present study, Aerva lanata (L) Juss. ex. Schult (Amaranthaceae) from Western Ghats of India was selected for isolation of active constituents and screening for antiurolithiatic potentials. OBJECTIVE: Screening of compounds isolated from A. lanata for antiurolithiatic potentials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ethylene glycol (0.75% v/v) induced urolithiasis model was used to study the antiurolithiatic activity in male Wistar albino rats...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169584/calcium-in-the-prevention-of-postmenopausal-osteoporosis-emas-clinical-guide
#6
Antonio Cano, Peter Chedraui, Dimitrios G Goulis, Patrice Lopes, Gita Mishra, Alfred Mueck, Levent M Senturk, Tommaso Simoncini, John C Stevenson, Petra Stute, Pauliina Tuomikoski, Margaret Rees, Irene Lambrinoudaki
INTRODUCTION: Postmenopausal osteoporosis is a highly prevalent disease. Prevention through lifestyle measures includes an adequate calcium intake. Despite the guidance provided by scientific societies and governmental bodies worldwide, many issues remain unresolved. AIMS: To provide evidence regarding the impact of calcium intake on the prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis and critically appraise current guidelines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Literature review and consensus of expert opinion...
January 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162379/-epidemiology-of-urolithiasis-in-french-west-indies-a-retrospective-study
#7
K Kaulanjan, A Cerruti, V Galantine, C Laine, J Rose Dite Modestine, G Gourtaud, C Senechal, V Roux, R Eyraud, P Blanchet, L Brureau
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of urolithiasis is increasing with dietary changes especially in developed countries. Guadeloupe is a French department overseas where western diet meets traditional local food. The objective was to describe and analyze the epidemiology of urolithiasis in Guadeloupe. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective single-center study throughout the year 2015 on patients hospitalized for urolithiasis at University Hospital of Pointe-à-Pitre...
November 18, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154708/urethral-diverticulum-and-urolithiasis-in-a-female-guinea-pig-cavia-porcellus
#8
Lily A B Parkinson, Jennifer C Hausmann, Robert J Hardie, Megan A Mickelson, Kurt K Sladky
CASE DESCRIPTION A 5-year-old sexually intact female guinea pig was evaluated because of mild dysuria and a subcutaneous mass located cranioventral to the urogenital openings. CLINICAL FINDINGS Non-contrast-enhanced CT and surgical exploration of the distal aspect of the urethra revealed a urethral diverticulum with an intraluminal urolith. Analysis revealed that the urolith was composed of calcium carbonate and struvite. TREATMENT AND OUTCOME The urolith was surgically removed and ablation of the urethral diverticulum was attempted...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145836/clinical-utility-of-computed-tomography-hounsfield-characterization-for-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Andrea Gallioli, Elisa De Lorenzis, Luca Boeri, Maurizio Delor, Stefano Paolo Zanetti, Fabrizio Longo, Alberto Trinchieri, Emanuele Montanari
BACKGROUND: Computed Tomography (CT) is considered the gold-standard for the pre-operative evaluation of urolithiasis. However, no Hounsfield (HU) variable capable of differentiating stone types has been clearly identified. The aim of this study is to assess the predictive value of HU parameters on CT for determining stone composition and outcomes in percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). METHODS: Seventy seven consecutive cases of PCNL between 2011 and 2016 were divided into 4 groups: 40 (52%) calcium, 26 (34%) uric acid, 5 (6%) struvite and 6 (8%) cystine stones...
November 16, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145146/evaluation-of-anti-urolithiatic-and-diuretic-activities-of-watermelon-citrullus-lanatus-using-in-vivo-and-in-vitro-experiments
#10
Waqar Ahmed Siddiqui, Muhammad Shahzad, Arham Shabbir, Ali Ahmad
Traditionally, Citrullus lanatus is known to have protective properties in kidney diseases and for having the ability to clear urine. Current study aims to validate the traditional uses of C. lanatus by evaluation of anti-urolithiatic and diuretic activities using in vivo and in vitro experiments. Male Wistar rats were used for in vivo anti-urolithiatic and diuretic activities. Supersaturated solution of calcium and oxalate was used for in vitro crystallization study. Hematoxylin & eosin staining was used for histopathological evaluation of kidney...
November 11, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144803/endocrine-manifestations-of-primary-hyperoxaluria
#11
Shatha Murad, Yuval Eisenberg
OBJECTIVE: Primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1) is a rare metabolic disorder of oxalate overproduction. It is associated with urolithiasis and nephrocalcinosis which progress to ESRD and systemic oxalosis. As oxalate deposits in tissues, non-parathyroid hormone (nonPTH) mediated hypercalcemia, oxalate osteopathy, primary hypothyroidism and primary hypogonadism develop. In this review, we will present a case of PH1 and provide an overview of this clinical entity and its endocrine manifestations...
November 16, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135159/-the-role-of-the-randalls-plaques-in-the-pathogenesis-of-recurrent-urolitasis
#12
A A Kamalov, D A Okhobotov, A N Nizov
The aim of the work was to present current concept of the pathogenesis of urolithiasis. Treatment and prevention of this disease a challenging issue. The article presents basic information about Randalls plaques that are described as calcium salt deposits on the surface of the transitional cell epithelium. The cause of Randalls plaques was the subject of many studies and is still not completely clear. To date, we can state that the deposit formation starts in the pelvicalyceal system and is directly linked to recurrent urolithiasis...
October 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124877/sporadic-primary-hyperparathyroidism-and-stone-disease-a-comprehensive-metabolic-evaluation-before-and-after-parathyroidectomy
#13
Giovanni S Marchini, Kauy V M Faria, Fábio C M Torricelli, Manoj Monga, Miguel Srougi, William C Nahas, Eduardo Mazzucchi
OBJECTIVES: to characterize the stone risk and the impact of parathyroidectomy on the metabolic profile of patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and urolithiasis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We analyzed the prospectively collected charts of patients treated at our stone clinic from Jan/2001-Jan/2016 searching for patients with PHPT and urolithiasis. Imaging evaluation of the kidneys, bones and parathyroid glands were assessed. We analyzed the demographic data, serum and urinary parameters before and after parathyroidectomy...
November 10, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101428/composition-of-urinary-calculi-in-infants-a-report-from-an-endemic-country
#14
Mirza Naqi Zafar, Salma Ayub, Hafsa Tanwri, Syed Ali Anwar Naqvi, Syed Adibul Hasan Rizvi
Pediatric urolithiasis remains endemic in low-resource countries where infants constitute 17-40% of all children with urolithiasis. This study reports socio-economic factors, medical history and chemical composition of urinary stones in 976 infants of up to 2 years of age. Between 1992 and 2016, 976 infants presented to our institute with 1038 stones. Chemical composition of stones was analyzed by Fourier transformation infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The mean age of infants was 19.5 ± 5.74 months with a M:F ratio of 5...
November 3, 2017: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090382/determinants-of-calcium-and-oxalate-excretion-in-subjects-with-calcium-nephrolithiasis-the-role-of-metabolic-syndrome-traits
#15
Andrea Ticinesi, Angela Guerra, Franca Allegri, Antonio Nouvenne, Gianfranco Cervellin, Marcello Maggio, Fulvio Lauretani, Loris Borghi, Tiziana Meschi
BACKGROUND: The association of metabolic syndrome (MetS) traits with urinary calcium (UCE) or oxalate excretion (UOE) is uncertain in calcium stone formers (CSFs). Our aim was to investigate this association in a large group of Caucasian CSFs. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data of CSFs evaluated at our Kidney Stone Clinic from 1984 to 2015. Data on body mass index (BMI), MetS traits defined according to international consensus, family history of urolithiasis, anti-hypertensive treatments, calcemia, renal function, and 24-h urinary profile of lithogenic risk were collected...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069033/postrenal-acute-kidney-injury-in-a-patient-with-unilateral-ureteral-obstruction-caused-by-urolithiasis-a-case-report
#16
Itsuro Kazama, Toshiyuki Nakajima
RATIONALE: In patients with bilateral ureteral obstruction, the serum creatinine levels are often elevated, sometimes causing postrenal acute kidney injury (AKI). In contrast, those with unilateral ureteral obstruction present normal serum creatinine levels, as long as their contralateral kidneys are preserved intact. However, the unilateral obstruction of the ureter could affect the renal function, as it humorally influences the renal hemodynamics. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 66-year-old man with a past medical history of hypertension and diabetes mellitus came to our outpatient clinic because of right abdominal dullness...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062183/erythrocyte-membrane-bound-atpase-and-antioxidant-enzyme-changes-associated-with-vascular-calcification-is-reduced-by-sodium-thiosulfate
#17
Ramya Ramani, Abirami Ramachandran, Sriram Ravindran, Gino A Kurian
Sodium thiosulfate (STS), a cyanide antidote has been reported to possess antioxidant and calcium chelation effects, useful for the treatment of renal failure due to vascular calcification and urolithiasis. The present study investigated the in vivo modulatory effects of STS on erythrocyte calcium, phosphorous levels, lipid peroxidation, antioxidant enzyme and membrane ATPase activities (Ca(2+), Na(+)K(+), Mg(2+) and 5'' nucleotidase) in an adenine induced model of vascular calcification in rats. Adenine (0...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038393/association-of-body-mass-index-waist-circumference-and-waist-stature-ratio-with-urine-composition-in-patients-with-urolithiasis
#18
Sanaz Tavasoli, Maryam Taheri, Alireza Khoshdel, Abbas Basiri
INTRODUCTION: This study was aimed to evaluate the correlation of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and waist-stature ratio (WSR) with urinary composition in urolithiasis patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical reports of 1410 urolithiasis patients referred to a tertiary in Tehran, from 2010 to 2015, were reviewed. Collected data included WC, BMI, and WSR, 24-hour urine composition, and the first-morning urine pH. Urinary relative supersaturation of calcium oxalate, calcium phosphate, and uric acid were calculated...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034196/protective-effect-of-ethyl-acetate-fraction-of-biophytum-sensitivum-extract-against-sodium-oxalate-induced-urolithiasis-in-rats
#19
Anil T Pawar, Niraj S Vyawahare
The methanolic whole plant extract of Biophytum sensitivum (gǎnyìng cǎo) has been found to possess antiurolithiatic effect. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the antiurolithiatic effect of some fractions of methanolic whole plant extract of B. sensitivum (MBS) in rats as a step toward activity-directed isolation of antiurolithiatic component. The MBS was successively extracted with dichloromethane, ethyl acetate, ethanol and water to obtain fractions. Sodium oxalate (70 mg/kg, i.p.) was administered to rats for seven days to develop calcium oxalate urolithiasis...
October 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969594/identification-of-compound-heterozygous-patients-with-primary-hyperoxaluria-type-1-clinical-evaluations-and-in-silico-investigations
#20
Houda Kanoun, Faiçal Jarraya, Bayen Maalej, Amina Lahiani, Hichem Mahfoudh, Fatma Makni, Jamil Hachicha, Faiza Fakhfakh
BACKGROUND: Primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1) is an autosomal recessive inherited disorder of glyoxylate metabolism in which excessive oxalates are formed by the liver and excreted by the kidneys. Calcium oxalate crystallizes in the urine, leading to urolithiasis, nephrocalcinosis, and consequent renal failure if treatment is not initiated promptly. Mutations in the AGXT gene which encodes the hepatic peroxisomal enzyme alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase are responsible of PH1. In the present work, we aimed to analyze AGXT gene and in silico investigations performed in four patients with PH1 among two non consanguineous families...
October 2, 2017: BMC Nephrology
keyword
keyword
106753
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"