Read by QxMD icon Read

extraperitoneal rectal injury

Luigi Alessandro Sposato, Chinnappa Reddy
Rectal foreign bodies are not an infrequent presentation and can cause a serious dilemma regarding extraction and management. Management is determined by the site of the injury, degree of fecal contamination, the hemodynamic status of the patient, and comorbidities. Intraperitoneal injuries require surgery in the form of either a primary repair or formal resection with or without diversion. Extraperitoneal perforations maybe managed with presacral drainage and antibiotics with or without diversion.
May 2018: Clinical Case Reports
Michael S Clemens, Kaitlin M Peace, Fia Yi
The management of rectal trauma has often been lumped in with colon trauma when, in fact, it is a unique entity. The anatomic nature of the rectum (with its intra- and extraperitoneal segments) lends itself to unique circumstances when it comes to management and treatment. From the four Ds (debridement, drainage, diversion, and distal irrigation), the management of rectal trauma has made some strides in light of the experiences coming out of the recent conflicts overseas as well as some rethinking of dogma...
January 2018: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
Carlos V R Brown, Pedro G Teixeira, Elisa Furay, John P Sharpe, Tashinga Musonza, John Holcomb, Eric Bui, Brandon Bruns, H Andrew Hopper, Michael S Truitt, Clay C Burlew, Morgan Schellenberg, Jack Sava, John VanHorn, Pa-C Brian Eastridge, Alicia M Cross, Richard Vasak, Gary Vercruysse, Eleanor E Curtis, James Haan, Raul Coimbra, Phillip Bohan, Stephen Gale, Peter G Bendix
INTRODUCTION: Rectal injuries have been historically treated with a combination of modalities including direct repair, resection, proximal diversion, presacral drainage, and distal rectal washout. We hypothesized that intraperitoneal rectal injuries may be selectively managed without diversion and the addition of distal rectal washout and presacral drainage in the management of extraperitoneal injuries are not beneficial. METHODS: This is an American Association for the Surgery of Trauma multi-institutional retrospective study from 2004 to 2015 of all patients who sustained a traumatic rectal injury and were admitted to one of the 22 participating centers...
February 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Kate B Savoie, Thomas M Beazley, Brent Cleveland, Sina Khaneki, Troy A Markel, Peter M Hammer, Stephanie Savage, Regan F Williams
BACKGROUND: With changing weaponry associated with injuries in civilian trauma, there is no clinical census on the utility of presacral drainage (PSD) in penetrating rectal injuries (PRIs), particularly in pediatric patients. METHODS: Patients with PRI from July 2004-June 2014 treated at two free-standing children's hospitals and two adult level 1 trauma centers were compared by age (pediatric patients ≤16 years) and PSD. A stratified analysis was performed based on age...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
Bartłomiej Jakóbczyk, Marek Wrona, Marta Wrona-Lis, Elżbieta Oszukowska, Piotr Lipiński, Mariusz Szewczyk, Marek Lipiński, Waldemar Różański
INTRODUCTION: To present initial observations after the first 30 cases of endoscopic extraperitoneal radical prostatectomy carried out at our department, which so far has had no experience with this surgical procedure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the period of 15 months a group of 30 patients with organ confined prostate cancer, underwent endoscopic extraperitoneal radical prostatectomy using Montsouris technique. All procedures were performed by the same team of two urologists and one resident...
2017: Central European Journal of Urology
M Gümüş, A Böyük, M Kapan, A Onder, F Taskesen, I Aliosmanoğlu, A Tüfek, M Aldemir
PURPOSE: Rectal injuries, which are rarely encountered because of the anatomic characteristics, occur due to penetrating traumas. In the current study, we aimed to present experiences gleaned from our clinic concerning rarely encountered unusual rectal injuries, including those cases presented for the first time. METHODS: Eleven patients who had been treated for unusual rectal injuries in the General Surgery Clinic of Dicle University between 2004 and 2011 were retrospectively reviewed...
June 2012: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Patrick L Bosarge, John J Como, Nicole Fox, Yngve Falck-Ytter, Elliott R Haut, Heath A Dorion, Nimitt J Patel, Amy Rushing, Lauren A Raff, Amy A McDonald, Bryce R H Robinson, Gerald McGwin, Richard P Gonzalez
BACKGROUND: The management of penetrating rectal trauma invokes a complex decision tree that advocates the principles of proximal diversion (diversion) of the fecal stream, irrigation of stool from the distal rectum, and presacral drainage based on data from World War II and the Vietnam War. This guideline seeks to define the initial operative management principles for nondestructive extraperitoneal rectal injuries. METHODS: A systematic review of the MEDLINE database using PubMed was performed...
March 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Inbal Samuk, Zvi Steiner, Elad Feigin, Arthur Baazov, Elena Dlugy, Enrique Freud
INTRODUCTION: Anorectal injuries in children are not frequently reported and their management is challenging. This report reviews the experience in managing this type of injuries in two medical centers over 20 years. METHODS: An institutional database search for patients who were treated for anorectal injuries between 1994 and 2015 was undertaken. Twenty cases were located and medical records reviewed. This study was conducted with institutional review board approval (#572-14)...
September 2015: Pediatric Surgery International
Mary T O'Donnell, Lauren T Greer, Jeffery Nelson, Craig Shriver, Amy Vertrees
INTRODUCTION: Management of rectal injuries in war-injured patients has evolved over time. METHODS: Retrospective review of records of patients sustaining war-related rectal injuries admitted to Walter Reed Army Medical Center from Iraq and Afghanistan. RESULTS: From 2003 to 2011, 67 males ages 18 to 40 sustained rectal injuries after secondary blast (64%), gunshot (33%), motor vehicle crash (1%), or helicopter crash (1%). Injuries were extraperitoneal (72%), intraperitoneal (25%), or both (3%)...
July 2014: Military Medicine
Alberto Arezzo, Roberto Passera, Gitana Scozzari, Mauro Verra, Mario Morino
BACKGROUND: The role of laparoscopy in the treatment of extraperitoneal rectal cancer is still controversial. The aim of the study was to evaluate differences in safety of laparoscopic rectal resection for extraperitoneal cancer, compared with open surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review from 2000 to July 2012 was performed searching the MEDLINE and EMBASE databases (PROSPERO registration number CRD42012002406). We included randomized and prospective controlled clinical studies comparing laparoscopic and open resection for rectal cancer...
February 2013: United European Gastroenterology Journal
Sergio Eduardo Alonso Araujo, Victor Edmond Seid, Lucas de Araujo Horcel
Laparoscopic total mesorectal excision has been proven safe and effective in the radical minimally invasive surgical treatment of rectal cancer. However, technical difficulties may impose challenges to completion of the procedure leading to an eventually high conversion rate. Transanal endoscopic proctectomy using available minimally invasive rectal surgery platforms represents an ingenious approach to surgery in the extraperitoneal rectum. It was aimed at evaluating the feasibility of this natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery rectosigmoid resection in the swine...
March 2014: Hepato-gastroenterology
P Slauf, F Antoš, J Marx
Anal and rectal traumas are relatively rare (with the exception of iatrogenic damage) due to the anatomical position of the anorectum. The anal canal is injured more frequently due to its relatively superficial position, but injuries involving the extraperitoneal rectum, although more rare, tend to be much more severe and may affect the surrounding organs. Intraperitoneal rectal injury is associated with bleeding or perforation and may lead to peritonitis and diffuse contamination of the abdominal cavity. The decisive factor is the early detection of the injury and early initiation of treatment...
April 2014: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
B M Pereira, L O Reis, T R Calderan, C C de Campos, G P Fraga
Demographics and mechanisms were analyzed in prospectively maintained level one trauma center database 1990-2012. Among 2,693 trauma laparotomies, 113 (4.1%) presented bladder lesions; 51.3% with penetrating injuries (n = 58); 41.3% (n = 24) with rectal injuries, males corresponding to 95.8%, mean age 29.8 years; 79.1% with gunshot wounds and 20.9% with impalement; 91.6% arriving the emergence room awake (Glasgow 14-15), hemodynamically stable (average systolic blood pressure 119.5 mmHg); 95.8% with macroscopic hematuria; and 100% with penetrating stigmata...
2014: Advances in Urology
Ashraf F Hefny, Elnazeer A Salim, Masoud O Bashir, Fikri M Abu-Zidan
Stab wounds to the buttock are uncommon injuries that are rarely seen in surgical civilian practice. Although, the wound appears trivial, it may cause major life-threatening visceral and vascular injuries. Failure to detect these injuries may lead to serious morbidity and mortality. Herein, we report a patient with a single gluteal stab wound, which was initially sutured and treated conservatively. Two days later, patient developed fever, lower abdominal pain and tenderness with leakage of fecal material from the wound...
October 2013: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
Daniel O Herzig
Blunt and penetrating injuries to the anus and rectum are uncommon. Considerable debate remains regarding the optimal treatment of rectal injuries. Although intraperitoneal rectal injuries can be treated similarly to colonic injuries, treatment options for extraperitoneal injuries include fecal diversion with a colostomy, presacral drainage, repair of the rectal defect, and distal rectal washout. Perineal injuries resulting in anal sphincter disruption often occur with severe associated injuries. Small defects can be repaired primarily, but extensive injuries often require diversion and sphincter reconstruction...
December 2012: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
Burak Veli Ulger, Ahmet Turkoglu, Abdullah Oguz, Omer Uslukaya, Ibrahim Aliosmanoglu, Mesut Gul
The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of the treatment methods of ostomy and primary repair in rectal injuries. A total of 63 patients with rectal injury who had been treated at Dicle University Hospital between 2000 and 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. To determine the outcomes of the treatment methods, the patients were divided into 2 groups (ostomy group: patients who underwent ostomy plus primary repair; repair group: patients who only underwent primary repair) and compared. The patients included 51 men and 12 women...
October 2013: International Surgery
Massimo Tonolini
Transanal rectal injuries caused by foreign body insertion, sexual abuse, or iatrogenic procedures represent a very uncommon surgical emergency. Morbidity may be further increased by patient's embarrassment and delayed presentation. Since management decisions largely depend on anatomic and severity assessment, multidetector Computed tomography with rectally administered water-soluble iodinated contrast medium is highly valuable to accurately depict traumatic rectal injuries, and to distinguish between intraperitoneal vs extraperitoneal injuries that require different surgical approaches...
July 2013: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
Rakesh Rajmohan, Bernardo Aguilar-Davidov, Theodoros Tokas, Jens Rassweiler, Ali Serdar Gözen
Suprapubic cystostomy (SPC) is commonly used, instead of indwelling urethral catheter- ization, as indicated in many pathological conditions. Although considered to be a safe procedure that can be easily performed in an outpatient basis several complications have been reported in international literature. Bowel injury can be a serious complication with the small intestine affected in the majority of cases. We present a case of an acci- dental rectal injury by a suprapubic catheter misplacement, in a 76 year old demented patient with prostatic hyperplasia and chronic urinary retention...
June 2013: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
Kinzie A Matlock, Alan H Tyroch, Ziad N Kronfol, Susan F McLean, Miguel A Pirela-Cruz
The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence, features, and associated injuries of intraperitoneal (IP) and extraperitoneal (EP) bladder rupture (BR) resulting from blunt trauma. A retrospective study from September 2001 to August 2011 was performed for blunt traumatic BR in adults. Demographics, mean Injury Severity Score (ISS), mean length of stay (LOS), incidence, mortality, operative repair, and associated injuries were evaluated. Of 15,168 adult blunt trauma admissions over 10 years, 54 patients had BR (EP = 22, IP = 27, EP + IP = 5; incidence = 0...
June 2013: American Surgeon
Michelle V Vincent, Colin Abel, Newton D Duncan
PURPOSE: To discuss the presentation, management and outcomes of penetrating anorectal injuries at the Bustamante Hospital for Children. METHODS: A retrospective review over an 11-year period (January 2001-December 2011) was undertaken. The data analysed were extracted from patients' case notes which were pulled based on the hospital's admission database. RESULTS: Over the study period a total of 14 children presented with penetrating anorectal injuries...
November 2012: Pediatric Surgery International
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"