Read by QxMD icon Read

Adverse reaction drug

Sophie Outh-Gauer, Marie Alt, Christophe Le Tourneau, Jérémy Augustin, Chloé Broudin, Cassandre Gasne, Thomas Denize, Haitham Mirghani, Elizabeth Fabre, Madeleine Ménard, Florian Scotte, Eric Tartour, Cécile Badoual
Cancer occurrence can be understood as the result of dysfunctions in immune tumoral microenvironment. Here we review the recent understandings of those microenvironment changes, regarding their causes and prognostic significance in head and neck (HN) carcinoma. We will focus on HN squamous cell cancer (SCC) and nasopharyngeal carcinomas (NPC). Their overall poor prognosis may be improved with immunotherapy in a subset of patients, as supported by current clinical trials. However, finding reliable markers of therapeutic response is crucial for patient selection, due to potential severe adverse reactions and high costs...
March 1, 2018: Cancer Treatment Reviews
Lynn Jakobs
BACKGROUND: Medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) is a rare cancer that has historically been managed by endocrinologists. In 2011, the first of several multi- targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitors was approved as treatment for MTC. These drugs have changed the management of MTC to teams that include oncologists and oncology nurses. OBJECTIVES: This article illustrates MTC diagnostics, surveillance, management of adverse drug reactions, and disease progression through a case study...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
Karen Kinsley, Wendy Pritchett
Recent approaches in treating pancreatic adenocarcinoma, an aggressive disease with limited survival, include the use of liposomal irinotecan as an option when first-line therapy has failed. Liposomal irinotecan has been approved in combination with 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin for patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer. Liposomal irinotecan is a newer therapy requiring oncology nurses to obtain knowledge and skills for proper administrating, monitoring of hypersensitivity reactions during infusion, managing side effects, and providing patient education...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
Caterina Musolino, Giacomo Oteri, Alessandro Allegra, Manuela Mania, Angela D'Ascola, Angela Avenoso, Vanessa Innao, Andrea Gaetano Allegra, Salvatore Campo
Bisphosphonates are formidable inhibitors of osteoclast-mediated bone resorption employed for therapy of multiple myeloma (MM) subjects with osteolytic lesions. Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is an uncommon drug-induced adverse event of these agents. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a group of small, noncoding RNAs nucleotides, which are essential post-transcriptional controllers of gene expression. They have a central role in the normal bone development. The goal of our study was to investigate 18 miRNAs, whose targets were previously validated and described in MM subjects without ONJ, in peripheral lymphocytes of MM subjects with bisphosphonate-induced ONJ...
March 15, 2018: Annals of Hematology
Chonlaphat Sukasem, Chonlawat Chaichan, Thapanat Nakkrut, Patompong Satapornpong, Kanoot Jaruthamsophon, Thawinee Jantararoungtong, Napatrupron Koomdee, Suthida Sririttha, Sadeep Medhasi, Sarawut Oo-Puthinan, Ticha Rerkpattanapipat, Jettanong Klaewsongkram, Pawinee Rerknimitr, Papapit Tuchinda, Leena Chularojanamontri, Napatra Tovanabutra, Apichaya Puangpetch, Wichai Aekplakorn
The HLA-B ∗ 15:02 allele has been reported to have a strong association with carbamazepine-induced Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis (SJS/TEN) in Thai patients. The HLA-B alleles associated with carbamazepine-induced maculopapular exanthema (MPE) and the drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) among the Thai population have never been reported. The aim of the present study was to carry out an analysis of the involvement of HLA-B alleles in carbamazepine-induced cutaneous adverse drug reactions (cADRs) in the Thai population...
2018: Journal of Immunology Research
Jingang Zhang, Xinrui Li, Yuanyuan Su, Min Sun, Junbang Wang, Yunhua Hao
The association between cutaneous adverse drug reactions (cADRs) caused by antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and human leukocyte antigen-A ( HLA-A ) and HLA-B genes in Chinese Han population in Shanghai was investigated. Through the case-control study, 30 child patients with AED-induced cADRs (cADRs group), 60 AED-tolerant child patients (AED-tolerant group) and 60 normal children not taking AEDs (normal group) were collected. The HLA-B*15:02 and HLA-A*31:01 genotypes were detected using the polymerase chain reaction-sequence-specific oligonucleotide (PCR-SSO) probe method, and the correlation of HLA-B*15:02 and HLA-A*31:01 genes with the incidence of cADRs was analyzed...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Guillermo de Anda-Jáuregui, Kai Guo, Brett A McGregor, Junguk Hur
The quintessential biological response to disease is inflammation. It is a driver and an important element in a wide range of pathological states. Pharmacological management of inflammation is therefore central in the clinical setting. Anti-inflammatory drugs modulate specific molecules involved in the inflammatory response; these drugs are traditionally classified as steroidal and non-steroidal drugs. However, the effects of these drugs are rarely limited to their canonical targets, affecting other molecules and altering biological functions with system-wide effects that can lead to the emergence of secondary therapeutic applications or adverse drug reactions (ADRs)...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
L Lafarge, L Bourguignon, N Bernard, T Vial, M-J Dehan-Moya, B De La Gastine, S Goutelle
Beta-blockers are widely prescribed in elderly patients and may induce severe adverse drug reactions. We report a case of bisoprolol-induced bradycardia in an elderly patient with impaired renal function and use of cytochrome P450 inhibitors. A literature review has been performed in order to analyze pharmacokinetic risk factors of beta-blockers overdosing in geriatrics. Various mechanisms can result in decreased elimination of beta-blockers. These mechanisms vary according to the beta-blocker agent and may be combined in some individuals, especially elderly patients...
March 12, 2018: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
Lone Baandrup, Bjørn H Ebdrup, Jesper Ø Rasmussen, Jane Lindschou, Christian Gluud, Birte Y Glenthøj
BACKGROUND: Prolonged treatment with benzodiazepines is common practice despite clinical recommendations of short-term use. Benzodiazepines are used by approximately 4% of the general population, with increased prevalence in psychiatric populations and the elderly. After long-term use it is often difficult to discontinue benzodiazepines due to psychological and physiological dependence. This review investigated if pharmacological interventions can facilitate benzodiazepine tapering. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of pharmacological interventions to facilitate discontinuation of chronic benzodiazepine use...
March 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Jing Ruan, Ying Wang, Fang Li, Renbing Jia, Guangming Zhou, Chunlin Shao, Liqi Zhu, Malin Cui, Da-Peng Yang, Shengfang Ge
Combination of drug chemotherapy and ray radiation is the main solution for treating patients with advanced colorectal carcinoma, but the toxicity and adverse effects caused in the surrounding normal tissues and the radio resistance in tumor site will severely influence its therapeutic effect. Nano radiosensitizer is an ideal choice for improving the tumor radiotherapy effects thanks to its high degree of tumor tissue uptake and secondary electrons productivity. Graphene quantum dots (GQDs) have good oxidative stress response and significantly high phototoxicity, and are regarded as a potential nano radiosensitizer...
March 15, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Geraldine Dowling, Pierce V Kavanagh, Hans-Georg Eckhardt, Brendan Twamley, Gary Hessman, Gavin McLaughlin, John O' Brien, Simon D Brandt
Nitrazolam and clonazolam are two designer benzodiazepines that are available from internet retailers and there is growing evidence suggesting that such compounds have the potential to cause severe adverse events. Information about tolerability in humans is scarce but typically, low doses can be difficult to administer for users when handling bulk material and variability of the active ingredient in tablet formulations can also be of a concern. Customs, toxicology and forensic laboratories are increasingly encountering designer benzodiazepines, both in tablet and powdered forms, and the unavailability of reference standards can impact on the ability to identify these compounds...
March 15, 2018: Drug Testing and Analysis
V Villanueva, B G Giráldez, M Toledo, G J De Haan, E Cumbo, A Gambardella, M De Backer, L Joeres, M Brunnert, P Dedeken, J Serratosa
OBJECTIVE: To assess effectiveness and tolerability of first-line and conversion to lacosamide monotherapy for focal seizures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective, non-interventional chart review of lacosamide monotherapy patients aged ≥16 years in Europe. Outcomes included retention rate at observational point (OP) 3 (12 ± 3 months), seizure freedom rates at OP2 (6 ± 3 months) and OP3 and adverse drug reactions (ADRs). RESULTS: A total of 439 patients were included (98 first-line and 341 conversion to monotherapy; 128 aged ≥65 years [25 first-line and 103 conversion to monotherapy])...
March 14, 2018: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
Jia-Bo Wang, Yun Zhu, Zhao-Fang Bai, Fu-Sheng Wang, Xiu-Hui Li, Xiao-He Xiao
Herb-induced liver injury (HILI) is a type of adverse drug reactions related to using Chinese medicine (CM) or herbal medicine (HM), and is now a growing segment of drug-induced liver injury (DILI) worldwide. Owing to the complicated compositions and miscellaneous risk factors associated with the clinical usage of CM or HM, it is more challenging to diagnose and manage HILI than DILI. In the present guideline issued by the China Association of Chinese Medicine (CACM), the authors present an evidence chain-based workflow with 9 structured judgment criteria for diagnosing HILI...
March 15, 2018: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Janani Thillainadesan, Danijela Gnjidic, Sarah Green, Sarah N Hilmer
BACKGROUND: Polypharmacy and potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) are prevalent in older adults in hospital, and are associated with negative outcomes including adverse drug reactions, falls, confusion, hospitalisation and death. Deprescribing may reduce inappropriate polypharmacy and use of inappropriate medications. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the efficacy of deprescribing interventions in older inpatients to reduce PIMs and impact on clinical outcomes...
March 14, 2018: Drugs & Aging
Wimonchat Tangamornsuksan, Manupat Lohitnavy
Importance: Dapsone-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (DHS) is a life-threatening adverse drug reaction. Based on available epidemiologic studies, HLA genotypes may play an important role in DHS. Objective: To assess the association between HLA-B*1301 and dapsone-induced cutaneous adverse drug reactions (cADRs). Data Sources: Human studies investigating associations between HLA-B*1301 and dapsone-induced cADRs were systematically searched without language restriction from the inception of each database until September 12, 2017, in PubMed, the Human Genome Epidemiology Network), and the Cochrane Library...
March 14, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
Yan Xue, Xianghong Qin, Liya Zhou, Sanren Lin, Ling Wang, Haitang Hu, Jielai Xia
AIM AND BACKGROUND: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are the main drugs for the treatment of reflux esophagitis. Phase II clinical trials showed that, compared with Esomeprazole, the new PPI Ilaparazole is great in terms of efficacy for reflux symptoms relief and curling for esophagitis. The aim of this study was to confirm suitable dose of Ilaparazole in the treatment of reflux esophagitis. METHODS: This study used a randomized, double-blind, parallel positive drug control, multi-center design...
March 11, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Marilda Savoia Nascimento, Anna Maria Simonsen Stolf, Heitor Franco de Andrade Junior, Ramendra Pati Pandey, Eufrosina Setsu Umezawa
BACKGROUND: Vimentin is a main structural protein of the cell, a component of intermediate cell filaments and immersed in cytoplasm. Vimentin is mimicked by some bacterial proteins and anti-vimentin antibodies occur in autoimmune cardiac disease, as rheumatic fever. In this work we studied vimentin distribution on LLC-MK2 cells infected with T. cruzi and anti-vimentin antibodies in sera from several clinical pictures of Chagas' disease or American Trypanosomiasis, in order to elucidate any vimentin involvement in the humoral response of this pathology...
March 12, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Peiling Cai, Liuning Li, Hongxi Hong, Liwen Zhang, Chunxia He, Xiaoshu Chai, Bai Liu, Zhijian Chen
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of Chinese medicine warm compress (CMWC) on back meridians in relieving cancer pain, reducing adjuvant analgesic doses and adverse reactions, and improving the quality of life (QOL). METHODS: A total of 62 patients (age range 39-82 years) diagnosed with a malignant tumor and suffering from cancer-related pain were randomly divided into a treatment group (group A) and a control group (group B) (n = 31 for each)...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Stephanie Donaldson, Theresa Canavan, Peter G Pavlidakey, Wendy C Cantrell, Boni E Elewski
Local adverse reactions to vaccination are typically mild and often quickly resolve. Vaccine adjuvants such as aluminum salts in combination with improper vaccination technique may result in severe local adverse reactions. As far as we know, there is only one prior case of frankly necrotic rapidly progressing vaccine site necrosis, which occurred in a pediatric patient.1 To our knowledge, this is the first adult case of vaccine site necrosis to be reported. The presumed etiology has been aluminum salt adjuvants and improper vaccination technique...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
E E Morrison, E A Sandilands, D J Webb
Gabapentin and pregabalin prescribing in Scotland has increased substantially over recent years. Evidence suggests that prescribers may be advocating the use of these medicines off-label to avoid prescribing opioid analgesics. The evidence to support gabapentin and pregabalin use in non-neuropathic pain disorders indicates they are less effective than several other licensed non-opioid analgesics. Notably, patients may not benefit from gabapentin and pregabalin but remain at risk of adverse drug reactions. Furthermore, greater availability has resulted in increased diversion of gabapentin and pregabalin; creating problems within the opioid misuse population and prison service...
December 2017: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"