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Barrett and surgery

Patrick Sven Plum, Arnulf Heinrich Hölscher, Kristin Pacheco Godoy, Henner Schmidt, Felix Berlth, Seung-Hun Chon, Hakan Alakus, Elfriede Bollschweiler
BACKGROUND: The aim of this retrospective study was to compare the prognosis of patients with esophageal cancer after non-curative endoscopic resection (ER) followed by esophagectomy (ER + S) with that of patients after primary surgery (PS). METHODS: Between 2000 and 2015, 287 patients had esophagectomy for T1 esophageal cancer. 81 of these patients underwent at least one ER in curative intention before surgery (7 squamous cell carcinomas, 74 adenocarcinomas)...
March 13, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Olga Reitblat, Adi Levy, Guy Kleinmann, Ehud I Assia
PURPOSE: To compare ocular measurements of three optical biometry devices and their application in intraocular lens (IOL) power calculations. METHODS: One hundred and forty eyes which had undergone cataract extraction surgery with preoperative biometry with OA--2000, IOLMaster-500, and Lenstar-LS900 were enrolled. Biometry measurements of the three devices were compared. The deviation of the postoperative refraction from the preoperative refractive target was calculated with different formulas (Barrett Universal II, Hoffer Q, Holladay I, and SRK/T)...
March 12, 2018: Eye
Romano Schneider, Ioannis Lazaridis, Marko Kraljević, Christoph Beglinger, Bettina Wölnerhanssen, Ralph Peterli
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing use of bariatric surgery as the most effective treatment of morbid obesity, there is still no consensus on its preoperative diagnostic workup. The aim of this study was to identify the pathologies of the endoscopic and radiologic investigations before performing bariatric surgery and to evaluate their impact on the patient management. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of 1225 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (n = 834) or sleeve gastrectomy (n = 391) at our institution...
January 12, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
T-W Chuang, S-C Chen, K-T Chen
AIMS: The aim of this study was to explore the recent advances in diagnosis and treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). METHODS: Previous studies were searched using the terms "gastroesophageal reflux disease" and "diagnosis" or "treatment" in Medline and Pubmed. Articles that were not published in the English language, manuscripts without an abstract, reviews, meta-analysis, and opinion articles were excluded from the review...
July 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
Ionuţ Hutopilă, A Constantin, Cătălin Copăescu
Background: Obesity has significantly increased in the last decades and metabolic (bariatric) surgery has been extended accordingly. Clinical manifestations of Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are frequent in the obese population but the presence of GERD premises (i.e. Hiatala hernia) or complications in asymptomatic patients undergoing metabolic surgery is unclear. AIM: (1) to identify gastroesophageal reflux condition or complications in patients undergoing metabolic surgery. (2) Study the correlations of the clinical symptoms of GERD with the preoperative radiological and endoscopic findings...
January 2018: Chirurgia
J Barrett-Lee, J Vatish, M Vazirian-Zadeh, P Waterland
Introduction Studies show that rates of blood transfusion associated with general surgical laparoscopy are low. Currently, there are no national guidelines in the UK regarding blood group and antibody screening (G&S) for patients undergoing emergency laparoscopy. The aim of this study was to assess whether using G&S before emergency laparoscopic general surgery routinely is worthwhile by identifying rates of perioperative transfusion. Methods Data were collected retrospectively on all emergency laparoscopic procedures at a single district general hospital between January 2014 and 31 December 2016...
February 27, 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Tuure Saarinen, Ulla Kettunen, Kirsi H Pietiläinen, Anne Juuti
BACKGROUND: Consensus on the necessity of esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) before bariatric surgery is lacking. Recommendations and practices vary by country and unit. Several reports have expressed concerns on gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and its consequences after sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and the risk of leaving a premalignant lesion in the excluded stomach after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). OBJECTIVES: We explored the number and types of clinically significant findings in preoperative EGDs and how they associate with preexisting GERD-symptoms (SG) and premalignant lesions (RYGB)...
February 14, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Ian J Barrett, Aaron J Krych, Ayoosh Pareek, Nicholas R Johnson, Diane L Dahm, Michael J Stuart, Bruce A Levy
PURPOSE: Multiple techniques have been described in the literature for reconstruction of the medial collateral ligament. The purpose of this study is to describe functional outcome, range of motion, and knee stability following anatomic MCL reconstruction utilizing an Achilles tendon bone allograft after multiligament knee injury. METHODS: A comprehensive search of a single-hospital multiligament knee injury (MLKI) procedural database was conducted to identify all patients that underwent reconstruction of the MCL utilizing an Achilles tendon bone allograft and with 2-year clinical follow-up...
February 9, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Rodney Ritzel, Sarah Doran, James Barrett, Rebecca Henry, Elise Ma, Alan Faden, David J Loane
There is a compelling link between severe brain trauma and immunosuppression in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients. Although acute changes in the systemic immune compartment have been linked to outcome severity, the long-term consequences of TBI on systemic immune function is unknown. Here, adult male C57Bl/6 mice were subjected to moderate-level controlled cortical impact (CCI) or sham surgery and systemic immune function was evaluated at 1, 3, 7, 14, and 60 days post-injury. Bone marrow, blood, thymus, and spleen were examined by flow cytometry to assess changes in immune composition, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, phagocytic activity, and cytokine production...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
Steven M Monda, Jonathan R Weese, Barrett G Anderson, Joel M Vetter, Ramakrishna Venkatesh, Kefu Du, Gerald L Andriole, Robert S Figenshau
Objectives To provide a training tool to address the technical challenges of robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy, we created silicone renal tumor models using 3D printed molds of a patient's kidney with a mass. In this study, we assessed the face, content, and construct validity of these models. Materials and Methods Surgeons of different training levels completed four simulations on silicone renal tumor models. Participants were surveyed on the usefulness and realism of the model as a training tool...
February 5, 2018: Urology
Eleanor L Schuchardt, Jon Kaufman, Bridget Lucas, Kendra Tiernan, Suzanne Osorio Lujan, Cindy Barrett
Infants with CHD are at increased risk of necrotising enterocolitis, which can interfere with the achievement of adequate nutrition and, ultimately, growth and development. Necrotising enterocolitis is classified by severity as suspected, confirmed, and advanced. We sought to quantify the incidence of all types of necrotising enterocolitis among infants who underwent surgery, with a particular focus on suspected necrotising enterocolitis. This is a retrospective review of all infants <6 months of age who underwent cardiac surgery during 2012 and 2013 at Children's Hospital Colorado...
February 7, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
K D Clark
INTRODUCTION: The published literature on toric intraocular lenses (IOL) reports postoperative refractive cylinder less than or equal to 0.5 D in anywhere from 25% to 100% of implantations with both the Acrysof ® Toric and Tecnis ® Toric IOL, depending upon the article. However, the majority of articles tend to cite rates between 70% and 80%. PURPOSE: The purpose was to evaluate my personal outcomes for both models of toric IOL, in terms of one-month postoperative refractive cylinder, after implementation of new methods of IOL selection, calculation and implantation...
January 29, 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
Sadhana Balasubramanyam, Barrett P O'Donnell, Benjamin L Musher, Pavan M Jhaveri, Michelle S Ludwig
OBJECTIVE(S): The objective of this study was to characterize the clinicopathological prognostic factors and treatment patterns for small cell carcinoma (SCC) of the colon, a rare disease without standard treatment guidelines. METHODS: We analyzed clinicopathological and treatment variables for 503 cases of histologically proven SCC colon entered into the National Cancer Database (NCDB) between 2004 and 2013. Survival curves were generated using Kaplan-Meier and compared by the log-rank test...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
Antônio Moreira Mendes-Filho, Eduardo Sávio Nascimento Godoy, Helga Cristina Almeida Wahnon Alhinho, Manoel Dos Passos Galvão-Neto, Almino Cardoso Ramos, Álvaro Antônio Bandeira Ferraz, Josemberg Marins Campos
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is related with higher incidence of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Antireflux surgery has inadequate results when associated with obesity, due to migration and/or subsequent disruption of antireflux wrap. Gastric bypass, meanwhile, provides good control of gastroesophageal reflux. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the technical difficulty in performing gastric bypass in patients previously submitted to antireflux surgery, and its effectiveness in controlling gastroesophageal reflux...
October 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Zoe Reed, Clinton J Doering, Paul M Barrett
CASE DESCRIPTION 5 cats (9 eyes) were evaluated for surgical correction of bilateral eyelid agenesis. CLINICAL FINDINGS All eyes lacked > 25% of the temporal upper eyelid, and all cats had clinical signs attributable to chronic ocular exposure. Abnormalities were limited to the ocular surface in the 4 female cats, whereas the sole male cat had additional abnormalities consistent with anterior segment dysgenesis. TREATMENT AND OUTCOME A modified Roberts-Bistner procedure involving 2-octyl cyanoacrylate (2OCA) was performed on 9 eyes; 1 eye was enucleated...
January 15, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Katlyn Bostic, Rebecca M Lewis, Brianna Chai, Juliana L Manganella, Devon L Barrett, Kosuke Kawai, Margaret A Kenna, Derek J Stiles, Terrell Clark
OBJECTIVE: To determine if discussing cochlear implantation (CI) with patients with enlarged vestibular aqueducts (EVA) and their families before reaching audiological criteria for CI candidacy effects the length of time between reaching audiological candidacy and CI surgery, and to describe the universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) results and communication modality in this sample. PATIENTS: Forty-two patients (25 females) with confirmed EVA and cochlear implants...
February 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Barrett S Boody, Surabhi Bhatt, Aditya S Mazmudar, Wellington K Hsu, Nan E Rothrock, Alpesh A Patel
OBJECTIVE The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS), which is funded by the National Institutes of Health, is a set of adaptive, responsive assessment tools that measures patient-reported health status. PROMIS measures have not been validated for surgical patients with cervical spine disorders. The objective of this project is to evaluate the validity (e.g., convergent validity, known-groups validity, responsiveness to change) of PROMIS computer adaptive tests (CATs) for pain behavior, pain interference, and physical function in patients undergoing cervical spine surgery...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
A F Chernousov, T V Khorobrykh, F P Vetshev, T I Ionova, D Mugadzaveta, S V Osminin, T P Nikitina
AIM: To analyze quality of life of patients with complicated reflux-esophagitis followed antireflux surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The trial enrolled 200 patients who underwent surgical treatment at the Burdenko Faculty Surgery Clinic of Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University for complicated reflux esophagitis from 2008 to 2015. Inclusion criteria were long-standing reflux esophagitis irresistible to conservative treatment, hiatal hernia with shortening of the esophagus and/or peptic stricture and/or Barrett's esophagus...
2017: Khirurgiia
Thomas F Barrett, Jonathan J Rasouli, Peter Taub, Brian H Kopell
BACKGROUND: While DBS is a relatively safe procedure, skin erosion is a commonly reported hardware complication that can threaten the DBS system. Patients with PD are especially at risk for this complication due to their autonomic dysregulation and impaired nutrition. Early detection of impending skin erosion allows for intervention that may prevent hardware destruction. Here we report a novel technique to address this complication preemptively. We describe the use of an acellular dermal matrix to prevent skin erosion in 20 patients with PD who were treated with DBS and showed signs of impending skin erosion...
December 16, 2017: World Neurosurgery
M Riegler, I Kristo, M Nikolic, E Rieder, S F Schoppmann
Background: Barrett's esophagus (BE) is the premalignant manifestation of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) with and without endoscopic resection (ER) is a novel treatment for BE. Methods: Here we present a single-center update of the recommendations of a recent (June 2015) interdisciplinary expert panel meeting on the management of BE with dysplasia as well as cancer-positive and cancer-negative BE. We conducted a PubMed search of studies published in 2016 and 2017 on the topic of BE and RFA...
2017: European Surgery: ACA: Acta Chirurgica Austriaca
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