Read by QxMD icon Read

heterotopic ossification brain injury

Billie A Schultz, Erica Bellamkonda
Brain injury specialists are experienced providers able to identify and treat the unique medical complications after moderate-severe traumatic brain injury, including posttraumatic seizures, paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity, spasticity, hydrocephalus, agitation, neuroendocrine dysfunction, heterotopic ossification, venous thromboembolism, and cranial nerve dysfunction. Owing to the potential negative impact on outcome if left untreated, identification and appropriate treatment is essential. An additional role of the brain injury specialist is to educate family about potential medical complications and anticipated outcomes after brain injury...
May 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
J E Reznik, E Biros, Y Sacher, O Kibrik, S Milanese, S Gordon, M P Galea
INTRODUCTION: Neurogenic heterotopic ossification (NHO) occurs as a complication of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Management of clinically significant NHO remains variable. Complications of mature NHO include limitation of mobility. The effect of the extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) on range of motion at hip and knee, and function in patients with TBI with chronic NHO was investigated. METHODS: A series of single-case studies applying ESWT to chronic NHO at the hip or knee of 11 patients with TBI were undertaken at a rehabilitation hospital...
2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
J E Reznik, E Biros, A C Lamont, Y Sacher, O Kibrik, S Milanese, S Gordon, M P Galea
INTRODUCTION: Neurogenic heterotopic ossification (NHO) is a complication of a neurological injury following traumatic brain injury (TBI) and may be present around major synovial joints. It is often accompanied by severe pain, which may lead to limitation in activities of daily living. Currently, a common intervention for NHO is surgery, which has been reported to carry many additional risks. This study was designed to assess the effect of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) on pain in patients with TBI with chronic NHO...
2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
Rafael A Vega, Leslie Hutchins
BACKGROUND: Heterotopic ossification (HO) is defined as ectopic bone formation following traumatic brain injury. Patients typically develop lesions in the hips, knees, and elbows that cause pain, restricted range of motion, nerve impingement, and pressure ulcers. CASE REPORT: We report an unusual presentation of HO in an 18-year-old male who was involved in a motor vehicle accident and subsequently developed malignant intracranial pressure. His HO developed following bilateral craniectomies in which 2 different dural substitutes were used...
2017: Ochsner Journal
Wei-Zhe Shi, Jin-Yong Ju, Hai-Jun Xiao, Feng Xue, Jiang Wu, Ming-Mang Pan, Wei-Feng Ni
The present study aimed to detect early changes in the concentration of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), matrix metalloproteinase‑2 (MMP‑2) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase‑1 (TIMP‑1) in a rat model of brain injury combined with traumatic heterotopic ossification (HO). A total of 132 male Sprague‑Dawley rats were used to establish the experimental and control groups. Anatomy and sample collection were conducted on postoperative days 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7. Hematoxylin and eosin and immunohistochemical staining were performed for local tissues...
April 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
Konstantinos Stefanidis, Peter Brindley, Raymond Ramnarine, Michael Blaivas, Mohammad Daneshi, Paul S Sidhu, Abdoulrahman Alharthy, Dimitrios Karakitsos
OBJECTIVE: To explore the potential role of ultrasound (US) as a bedside tool in intensive care unit patients with presumed neurogenic heterotopic ossification (NHO). SETTING: Tertiary university teaching hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: Critical care patients with acquired brain injury. DESIGN: A multicenter prospective study of critical care patients with possible NHO. MAIN MEASURES: Following a screening clinical examination, the major joints were evaluated with US, serum laboratory work, and x-ray...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Chan Ho Lee, Su Jung Shim, Hyun Jung Kim, Hyuna Yang, Youn Joo Kang
Heterotopic ossification (HO) is frequently seen on rehabilitation units after spinal cord injuries, fractures, brain injuries, and limb amputations. Currently, there is no effective treatment for HO other than prophylaxis with anti-inflammatory medications, irradiation, and bisphosphonate administration. These prophylactic treatments are not effective for managing ectopic bone once it has formed. Here we describe three cases of established neurogenic HO treated with radiation therapy (RT). All patients had decreased serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and bone-specific ALP levels with decreased pain but increased range of motion immediately after RT...
December 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Khawla Achour, Eya Mersni, Bassem Krifa, Emna Bahlouli, Sonia Lebib, Catherine Dziri
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to determine the epidemiological and characteristics and the therapeutic modalities of heterotopic ossification in brain injury. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study conducted between January 2010 and January 2016, including patients hospitalized for management of sequelae of an isolated head injury or associated with multiple trauma, and in whom the diagnosis of of heterotopic ossification (HO) was increased. A review of epidemiological data (including age, sex, occupation, type of neurological injury, discovering circumstances of HO), clinical data, the therapeutic choice and evolutivity...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Waleed Almangour, Alexis Schnitzler, Marjorie Salga, Charlotte Debaud, Philippe Denormandie, François Genêt
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review of the literature to determine whether in patients with neurological heterotopic ossification (NHO) after traumatic brain injury, the extent of the neurological sequelae, the timing of surgery and the extent of the initial NHO affect the risk of NHO recurrence. DATA SOURCES: We searched MEDLINE via PubMed and Cochrane library for articles published up to June 2015. Results were compared with epidemiological studies using data from the BANKHO database of 357 patients with central nervous system (CNS) lesions who underwent 539 interventions for troublesome HO...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
B M Isaacson, B K Potter, R D Bloebaum, R T Epperson, B S Kawaguchi, T M Swanson, P F Pasquina
BACKGROUND: Heterotopic ossification (HO) is a debilitating condition that occurs following traumatic injury and may restrict range of motion and delay rehabilitation. The timing and efficacy of surgical resection have varied widely, and there is a gap in knowledge between clinical predictors of HO recurrence and histological analysis. METHODS: Thirty-three service members seen at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center for symptomatic HO were enrolled in an institutional review board-approved study...
April 20, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Emre Adiguzel, Ayça Uran, Serdar Kesikburun, Özlem Köroğlu, Yasin Demir, Evren Yaşar
BACKGROUND: Heterotopic ossification (HO) is the ectopic bone formation in non-osseous tissues. This study aimed to present two patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) who had HO in knee joint and pain relief after genicular nerve blockage. Case 1: A 14-year-old patient with TBI was admitted with bilateral knee pain and limited range of motion. Physical examination and x-ray graphics revealed calcification which was diagnosed as HO. Ultrasonography (US) guided genicular nerve blockage was performed to both knees with 2 ml lidocaine and 1 ml betamethasone...
2015: Brain Injury: [BI]
Kavitha Ranganathan, Shawn Loder, Shailesh Agarwal, Victor W Wong, Victor C Wong, Jonathan Forsberg, Thomas A Davis, Stewart Wang, Aaron W James, Benjamin Levi
➤ Heterotopic ossification occurs most commonly after joint arthroplasty, spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury, blast trauma, elbow and acetabular fractures, and thermal injury.➤ The conversion of progenitor cells to osteogenic precursor cells as a result of cell-mediated interactions with the local tissue environment is affected by oxygen tension, pH, availability of micronutrients, and mechanical stimuli, and leads to heterotopic ossification.➤ Radiation and certain nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications are important methods of prophylaxis against heterotopic ossification...
July 1, 2015: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
M Arduini, F Mancini, P Farsetti, A Piperno, E Ippolito
In this paper we propose a new classification of neurogenic peri-articular heterotopic ossification (HO) of the hip based on three-dimensional (3D) CT, with the aim of improving pre-operative planning for its excision. A total of 55 patients (73 hips) with clinically significant HO after either traumatic brain or spinal cord injury were assessed by 3D-CT scanning, and the results compared with the intra-operative findings. At operation, the gross pathological anatomy of the HO as identified by 3D-CT imaging was confirmed as affecting the peri-articular hip muscles to a greater or lesser extent...
July 2015: Bone & Joint Journal
Dominik Baschera, Hooman Rad, Dermot Collopy, René Zellweger
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate predictors and clinical relevance of heterotopic ossification (HO) in patients treated for acetabular fractures in a tertiary referral centre. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study is a retrospective cohort study with a nested case-control study. All patients treated with internal fixation of acetabular fractures from January 2004 to October 2013. Ninety patients had postoperative imaging available at 6 and 12 months postoperatively and received no prophylaxis...
2015: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
ZaWaunyka W Lazard, Elizabeth A Olmsted-Davis, Elizabeth A Salisbury, Zbigniew Gugala, Corrine Sonnet, Eleanor L Davis, Eric Beal, Eroboghene E Ubogu, Alan R Davis
BACKGROUND: Heterotopic ossification (HO) is the process of bone formation at a nonskeletal site. Recently, we showed that the earliest steps occur in sensory nerves. We now extend these studies by identifying unique osteogenic progenitors within the endoneurial compartment of sensory nerves. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We asked: (1) What is the nature of the osteoprogenitor in the endoneurium of peripheral nerves? (2) How do osteoprogenitors travel from the nerve to the site of new bone formation? METHODS: HO was induced by intramuscular injection of Ad5BMP-2-transduced cells in mice...
September 2015: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Alison K Godbolt, Maud Stenberg, Jan Jakobsson, Kimmo Sorjonen, Karolina Krakau, Britt-Marie Stålnacke, Catharina Nygren DeBoussard
BACKGROUND: Medical complications after severe traumatic brain injury (S-TBI) may delay or prevent transfer to rehabilitation units and impact on long-term outcome. OBJECTIVE: Mapping of medical complications in the subacute period after S-TBI and the impact of these complications on 1-year outcome to inform healthcare planning and discussion of prognosis with relatives. SETTING: Prospective multicentre observational study. Recruitment from 6 neurosurgical centres in Sweden and Iceland...
2015: BMJ Open
Yong Min Choi, Seok Hyun Hong, Chang Hyun Lee, Jin Ho Kang, Ju Sun Oh
Neurogenic heterotopic ossification (NHO) is a process of benign bone formation and growth in soft tissues surrounding major synovial joints and is associated with central nervous system (CNS) injuries. It is a common complication in major CNS injuries, such as traumatic brain injury, spinal cord injury, and stroke. Here, we report the case of a 72-year-old male, who experienced a traumatic brain injury and painful chronic NHO around the left hip joint. Three applications of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) were administered to the area of NHO, which resulted in pain relief and an improvement in the loss of motion in the left hip joint...
April 2015: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
François Genêt, Irina Kulina, Cedryck Vaquette, Frédéric Torossian, Susan Millard, Allison R Pettit, Natalie A Sims, Adrienne Anginot, Bernadette Guerton, Ingrid G Winkler, Valérie Barbier, Jean-Jacques Lataillade, Marie-Caroline Le Bousse-Kerdilès, Dietmar W Hutmacher, Jean-Pierre Levesque
Neurological heterotopic ossification (NHO) is the abnormal formation of bone in soft tissues as a consequence of spinal cord or traumatic brain injury. NHO causes pain, ankyloses, vascular and nerve compression and delays rehabilitation in this high-morbidity patient group. The pathological mechanisms leading to NHO remain unknown and consequently there are no therapeutic options to prevent or reduce NHO. Genetically modified mouse models of rare genetic forms of heterotopic ossification (HO) exist, but their relevance to NHO is questionable...
June 2015: Journal of Pathology
Mary Alexis Iaccarino, Saurabha Bhatnagar, Ross Zafonte
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a growing problem in the US, with significant morbidity and economic implications. This diagnosis spans a wide breath of injuries from concussion to severe TBI. Thus, rehabilitation is equally diverse in its treatment strategies targeting those symptoms that are functionally limiting with the ultimate goal of independence and community reintegration. In severe TBI, rehabilitation can be lifelong. Acute care rehabilitation focuses on emergence from coma and prognostication of recovery...
2015: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Jonathan R Manara, James Taylor, Matthew Nixon
BACKGROUND: Shoulder pain after a cerebrovascular accident or traumatic brain injury is a common but often under-recognized problem. It is due to a number of causes including inferior subluxation, spasticity, adhesive capsulitis, and heterotopic ossification. Many of these are amenable to surgical intervention. METHODS: Literature review of current evidence. RESULTS: This article shows that there are multiple treatment options in this group of patients, and it is important to understand these as clinicians in delivering quality care to this complex group of patients...
May 2015: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"