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Centre of mass

Joyce Cheng, Paul Benassi, Claire De Oliveira, Juveria Zaheer, Michael Collins, Paul Kurdyak
OBJECTIVE: Despite the high prevalence of mental illnesses and addictions, treatment rates remain low. In April 2010, a regional mass media campaign was implemented to increase awareness of mental health services in central Toronto, Canada. We studied the impact of this campaign on rates of psychiatric emergency department (PED) visits among all hospital emergency departments (EDs) located in Toronto. DESIGN: Monthly PED visit totals were obtained for all Toronto EDs from April 1, 2007 to March 31, 2012 (n = 148,704)...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
Michel Debacker, Filip Van Utterbeeck, Christophe Ullrich, Erwin Dhondt, Ives Hubloue
It is recognized that the study of the disaster medical response (DMR) is a relatively new field. To date, there is no evidence-based literature that clearly defines the best medical response principles, concepts, structures and processes in a disaster setting. Much of what is known about the DMR results from descriptive studies and expert opinion. No experimental studies regarding the effects of DMR interventions on the health outcomes of disaster survivors have been carried out. Traditional analytic methods cannot fully capture the flow of disaster victims through a complex disaster medical response system (DMRS)...
December 2016: Journal of Medical Systems
Rebecca M Stanley, Rachel A Jones, Dylan P Cliff, Stewart G Trost, Donna Berthelsen, Jo Salmon, Marijka Batterham, Simon Eckermann, John J Reilly, Ngiare Brown, Karen J Mickle, Steven J Howard, Trina Hinkley, Xanne Janssen, Paul Chandler, Penny Cross, Fay Gowers, Anthony D Okely
BACKGROUND: Participation in regular physical activity (PA) during the early years helps children achieve healthy body weight and can substantially improve motor development, bone health, psychosocial health and cognitive development. Despite common assumptions that young children are naturally active, evidence shows that they are insufficiently active for health and developmental benefits. Exploring strategies to increase physical activity in young children is a public health and research priority...
October 19, 2016: BMC Public Health
Martin Jastroch, Sylvain Giroud, Perry Barrett, Fritz Geiser, Gerhard Heldmaier, Annika Herwig
Endothermic mammals and birds require intensive energy turnover to sustain high body temperatures and metabolic rates. To cope with energetic bottlenecks associated with the change of seasons, and to minimise energy expenditure, complex mechanisms and strategies, such as daily torpor and hibernation, are used. During torpor metabolic depression and low body temperatures save energy. However, these bouts of torpor lasting for hours to weeks are interrupted by active 'euthermic' phases with high body temperatures...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Neuroendocrinology
Massimo Salvetti, Anna Paini, Claudia Agabiti Rosei, Deborah Stassaldi, Fabio Bertacchini, Giulia Rubagotti, Giulia Maruelli, Laura Verzeri, Carlotta Donini, Maria Lorenza Muiesan, Enrico Agabiti Rosei
OBJECTIVE: The recent results of the SPRINT study suggest that "intensive" reduction of systolic blood pressure (BP) (to less than 120 mmHg) might provide greater cardiovascular protection as compared to less intensive (< 140 mmHg) reduction of BP, at least in some subsets of patients. Only few studies, have investigated the possible effect of tight blood pressure control on indices of left ventricular hypertrophy, and have been mainly based on electrocardiography. Aim of our study was to evaluate cardiac organ damage according to "on treatment" blood pressure values in a large cohort of hypertensive patients undergoing echocardiography (2D, M-mode with conventional and tissue Doppler analysis)at the echo-lab of an ESH Excellence Centre in Italy...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Adam J Toth, Laurence R Harris, John Zettel, Leah R Bent
Visuo-vestibular recalibration, in which visual information is used to alter the interpretation of vestibular signals, has been shown to influence both oculomotor control and navigation. Here we investigate whether vision can recalibrate the vestibular feedback used during the re-establishment of equilibrium following a perturbation. The perturbation recovery responses of nine participants were examined following exposure to a period of 11 s of galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS). During GVS in VISION trials, occlusion spectacles provided 4 s of visual information that enabled participants to correct for the GVS-induced tilt and associate this asymmetric vestibular signal with a visually provided 'upright'...
October 17, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
Sarah Jones, William D-C Man, Wei Gao, Irene J Higginson, Andrew Wilcock, Matthew Maddocks
BACKGROUND: This review is an update of a previously published review in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Issue 1, 2013 on Neuromuscular electrical stimulation for muscle weakness in adults with advanced disease.Patients with advanced progressive disease often experience muscle weakness, which can impact adversely on their ability to be independent and their quality of life. In those patients who are unable or unwilling to undertake whole-body exercise, neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) may be an alternative treatment to enhance lower limb muscle strength...
October 17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Samer Toume, Amit Gefen, Daphne Weihs
We observed that radially stretching cell monolayers at a low level (3%) increases the rate at which they migrate to close a gap formed by in vitro injury. Wound healing has been shown to accelerate in vivo when deformations are topically applied, for example, by negative pressure wound therapy. However, the direct effect of deformations on cell migration during gap closure is still unknown. Thus, we have evaluated the effect of radially applied, sustained (static) tensile strain on the kinematics of en mass cell migration...
October 17, 2016: International Wound Journal
V Santos, A V Cardoso, C Lopes, P Azevedo, F Gamboa, A Amorim
: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common autosomal recessive disease in Caucasians. Although most cases are diagnosed in childhood, diagnosis in adults is apparently increasing. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the adult population with CF, comparing patients who were diagnosed before and after 18 years of age. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients followed in three main medical centres in Portugal in 2012. Comparison of two groups: G1 - patients diagnosed at <18 years and G2 - patients diagnosed at ≥18 years...
October 13, 2016: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
Imran M Paruk, Yasmeen Ganie, Sureka Maharaj, Fraser J Pirie, Vasudevan G Naidoo, Ntombifikile M Nkwanyana, Hilary L Dinnematin, Pratistadevi K Ramdial, Ayesha A Motala
OBJECTIVE: Data on the prevalence of autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) and gastric autoimmunity in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in Africa are limited. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of antithyroid peroxidase (TPO-A) and antiparietal cell antibody (PCA) in patients with T1DM at a tertiary diabetes clinic in Durban, South Africa. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional observational study among subjects attending the adult T1DM clinic at Inkosi Albert Luthuli Hospital...
October 14, 2016: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Tomos E Walters, Jonathan M Kalman, Sheila K Patel, Megan Mearns, Elena Velkoska, Louise M Burrell
AIM: Angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is an integral membrane protein whose main action is to degrade angiotensin II. Plasma ACE2 activity is increased in various cardiovascular diseases. We aimed to determine the relationship between plasma ACE2 activity and human atrial fibrillation (AF), and in particular its relationship to left atrial (LA) structural remodelling. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred and three participants from a tertiary arrhythmia centre, including 58 with paroxysmal AF (PAF), 20 with persistent AF (PersAF), and 25 controls, underwent clinical evaluation, echocardiographic analysis, and measurement of plasma ACE2 activity...
October 12, 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Andrea E Steuer, Elena Williner, Sandra Staeheli, Thomas Kraemer
Increasing numbers of new psychoactive substances (NPS) among them fentanyl derivatives has been reported by the European monitoring centre for drugs and drug addiction (EMCDDA). Butyrfentanyl is a new fentanyl derivative whose potency ratio was found to be seven compared to morphine and 0.13 compared to fentanyl. Several case reports on butyrfentanyl intoxications have been described. Little is known about its pharmacokinetic properties including its metabolism. However, knowledge of metabolism is essential for analytical detection in clinical and forensic toxicology...
October 13, 2016: Drug Testing and Analysis
Chido H Chihobo, Arindrajit Chowdhury, Pardon K Kuipa, David J Simbi
Pyrolysis is an attractive thermochemical conversion technology that may be utilised as a safe disposal option for acid tar waste. The kinetics of acid tar pyrolysis were investigated using thermogravimetry coupled with mass spectrometry under a nitrogen atmosphere at different heating rates of 10, 15 and 20 K min(-1) The thermogravimetric analysis shows three major reaction peaks centred around 178 °C, 258 °C, and 336 °C corresponding to the successive degradation of water soluble lower molecular mass sulphonic acids, sulphonated high molecular mass hydrocarbons, and high molecular mass hydrocarbons...
October 10, 2016: Waste Management & Research
C Sofia, C Magno, S Silipigni, V Cantisani, G Mucciardi, F Sottile, A Inferrera, S Mazziotti, G Ascenti
AIM: To evaluate the precision of the centrality index (CI) measurement on three-dimensional (3D) volume rendering technique (VRT) images in patients with renal masses, compared to its standard measurement on axial images. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-five patients with renal lesions underwent contrast-enhanced multidetector (MD) computed tomography (CT) for preoperative imaging. Two readers calculated the CI on two-dimensional axial images and on VRT images, measuring it in the plane that the tumour and centre of the kidney were lying in...
October 8, 2016: Clinical Radiology
L F Weissert, J A Salmond, G Miskell, M Alavi-Shoshtari, S K Grange, G S Henshaw, D E Williams
Ozone (O3) concentrations in urban areas are spatially and temporally variable, influenced by chemical production, depletion through deposition and chemical titration processes and dispersion. To date, analysis of intra-urban variability of O3 concentrations, and the influence of local controls on production and depletion rates, has been limited due to the low spatial and/or temporal resolution of measurements. We demonstrate that measurements made using a carefully managed multi-sensor network of low-cost gas-sensitive semiconductor instruments are sufficiently precise to resolve subtle but significant variations in ozone concentration across a region...
October 8, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Julie Vinkel, Peter Bak, Ole Hyldegaard
AIM: The purpose was to explore causative tendencies among diving fatalities to prevent similar injuries in the future. METHODS: We report 33 fatal diving injuries that occurred among Danish divers during the period 1999-2012 in Scandinavian waters. The study was performed as a retrospective overview. The empiric data consists of police reports, forensic autopsy reports and examination of the diving equipment. Data were assembled and analyzed using Pivot and Excel...
September 2016: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
Andreas M Bünzli, Antonio Pertegás, Cristina Momblona, José M Junquera-Hernández, Edwin C Constable, Henk J Bolink, Enrique Ortí, Catherine E Housecroft
The synthesis of four cyclometallated [Ir(C^N)2(N^N)][PF6] compounds in which N^N is a substituted 2,2'-bipyridine (bpy) ligand and the naphthyl-centred ligand 2,7-bis(2-(2-(4-(pyridin-2-yl)phenoxy)ethoxy)ethoxy)naphthalene provides the two cyclometallating C^N units is reported. The iridium(iii) complexes have been characterized by (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopies, mass spectrometry and elemental analysis, and their electrochemical and photophysical properties are described. Comparisons are made with a model [Ir(ppy)2(N^N)][PF6] compound (Hppy = 2-phenylpyridine)...
October 18, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Alexander C Hayes, S Enongene Ekwe, Steve Mervin, Earl Jenson
The extraction of natural resources often involves housing workers in remote work camps far from population centres. These camps are prevalent in northern Alberta where they house approximately 40,000 workers involved in oil sands processing. The central, full-service cafeterias at these camps produce a significant quantity of food and cardboard waste. Due to their remote nature, these camps face high waste disposal costs associated with trucking waste long distances to the landfill. In this study, we investigated the techno-economic feasibility of on-site treatment of food and cardboard waste in a tandem dry batch, garage-style anaerobic digestion-compost process in which the waste material is converted into renewable energy used to heat the camp water supply and a nutrient-rich soil amendment for local land reclamation projects...
October 4, 2016: Waste Management
Mark Ng Tang Fui, Luke A Prendergast, Philippe Dupuis, Manjri Raval, Boyd J Strauss, Jeffrey D Zajac, Mathis Grossmann
BACKGROUND: Whether testosterone treatment has benefits on body composition over and above caloric restriction in men is unknown. We hypothesised that testosterone treatment augments diet-induced loss of fat mass and prevents loss of muscle mass. METHODS: We conducted a randomised double-blind, parallel, placebo controlled trial at a tertiary referral centre. A total of 100 obese men (body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m(2)) with a total testosterone level of or below 12 nmol/L and a median age of 53 years (interquartile range 47-60) receiving 10 weeks of a very low energy diet (VLED) followed by 46 weeks of weight maintenance were randomly assigned at baseline to 56 weeks of 10-weekly intramuscular testosterone undecanoate (n = 49, cases) or matching placebo (n = 51, controls)...
October 7, 2016: BMC Medicine
Fabian Brunner, Laura Martínez-Sarti, Sarah Keller, Antonio Pertegás, Alessandro Prescimone, Edwin C Constable, Henk J Bolink, Catherine E Housecroft
A series of heteroleptic [Cu(N^N)(P^P)][PF6] complexes is described in which P^P = bis(2-(diphenylphosphino)phenyl)ether (POP) or 4,5-bis(diphenylphosphino)-9,9-dimethylxanthene (xantphos) and N^N = 4,4'-diphenyl-6,6'-dimethyl-2,2'-bipyridine substituted in the 4-position of the phenyl groups with atom X (N^N = 1 has X = F, 2 has X = Cl, 3 has X = Br, 4 has X = I; the benchmark N^N ligand with X = H is 5). These complexes have been characterized by multinuclear NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, elemental analyses and cyclic voltammetry; representative single crystal structures are also reported...
September 27, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
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