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Social Biological Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860152/commentary-on-grey-matter-or-social-matters-causal-attributions-in-the-era-of-biological-psychiatry
#1
EDITORIAL
Anna Sedda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749310/biological-and-psychological-influences-of-cross-sex-hormone-in-transgender
#2
Ling Shiao Ling, Hatta Sidi, Raja Adam Raja Lope, Srijit Das, Azlin Baharudin
Transgender is a complex state of bio-psycho-social dimension of human sexuality. It encompasses cognitive-emotional-behavior component that makes the person unique in his or her sexual expression. Transgender tend to use cross sex hormone in order to eradicate their secondary sexual characteristics and to facilitate the shift to their experienced gender. The common masculinising sex hormone use, i.e. Female to Male Treatment Options (FMTO) is testosterone and for feminising hormone i.e. Male to Female Treatment Options (MFTO) is a combination of estrogen with anti-androgen, respectively...
May 11, 2018: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679360/mental-health-of-the-male-adolescent-and-young-man-the-copenhagen-statement
#3
REVIEW
Timothy R Rice, Lesha D Shah, Pilar Trelles, Shih-Ku Lin, Dinne Skjærlund Christensen, Andreas Walther, Leo Sher
BACKGROUND: Male adolescents and young men benefit when their mental health care is specialized to match their unique gendered and developmental needs. Sensitivity to the social circumstances of this population is important; additionally, the emerging ability to tailor care through knowledge gleaned from the intersection of psychiatry, neurology, and endocrinology informs care. DATA SOURCES: This article summarized the views of six experts in the area of the adolescent and young adult male mental health...
April 20, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649926/social-versus-biological-psychiatry-it-s-time-for-integration
#4
Corrado De Rosa, Gaia Sampogna, Mario Luciano, Valeria Del Vecchio, Michele Fabrazzo, Andrea Fiorillo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629061/depression-from-the-perspective-of-modern-and-persian-medicine
#5
Majid Anushiravani, Ali Akhondpour Manteghi, Ali Taghipur, Mahdi Eslami
Background: Depression is one of the five most-common diseases globally, and is expected to be the second leading cause of disability by 2020 and its economic and social burden is a major problem worldwide. Objective: The aim of this research was to elucidate the causes and symptoms of depression according to Persian Medicine (PM) and classic medicine. Methods: In this study, works that were investigated were the Canon of Medicine , Al-Hawi Fi Teb , Kamel Al-Sina'a , Zakhireh Kharazmshahi and Exir A'azam ...
February 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614391/grey-matter-or-social-matters-causal-attributions-in-the-era-of-biological-psychiatry
#6
EDITORIAL
Peter Brugger, Ira Kurthen, Neda Rashidi-Ranjbar, Bigna Lenggenhager
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496143/considerations-for-optimal-use-of-postmortem-human-brains-for-molecular-psychiatry-lessons-from-schizophrenia
#7
Cynthia Shannon Weickert, Debora A Rothmond, Tertia D Purves-Tyson
Schizophrenia is a disabling disease impacting millions of people around the world, for which there is no known cure. Current antipsychotic treatments for schizophrenia mainly target psychotic symptoms, do little to ameliorate social or cognitive deficits, have side-effects that cause weight gain, and diabetes and 30% of people do not respond. Thus, better therapeutics for schizophrenia aimed at the route biologic changes are needed and discovering the underlying neurobiology is key to this quest. Postmortem brain studies provide the most direct and detailed way to determine the pathophysiology of schizophrenia...
2018: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488895/-the-concept-of-urban-resilience-and-its-relation-to-resilience-in-mental-health-prospects-for-research-in-schizophrenia
#8
N G Christodoulou, M L Wassenhoven, S T Rassia
The relationship between schizophrenia and the city is well known and widely documented in the literature, albeit with many questions still unanswered. While it is clear that there is a higher incidence of schizophrenia in cities, there is little known on causality - or its direction - in that relationship. Also, despite the fact that several clinical and epidemiological parameters play a role in the relationship between schizophrenia and the city, this relationship has not been investigated or interpreted holistically...
October 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472852/it-is-not-just-in-faces-processing-of-emotion-and-intention-from-biological-motion-in-psychiatric-disorders
#9
REVIEW
Łukasz Okruszek
Social neuroscience offers a wide range of techniques that may be applied to study the social cognitive deficits that may underlie reduced social functioning-a common feature across many psychiatric disorders. At the same time, a significant proportion of research in this area has been conducted using paradigms that utilize static displays of faces or eyes. The use of point-light displays (PLDs) offers a viable alternative for studying recognition of emotion or intention inference while minimizing the amount of information presented to participants...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471411/mechanisms-underpinning-the-polypharmacy-effects-of-medications-in-psychiatry
#10
Chiara C Bortolasci, Briana Spolding, Edward Callaly, Sheree Martin, Bruna Panizzutti, Srisaiyini Kidnapillai, Timothy Connor, Kyoko Hasebe, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Olivia M Dean, Sean L McGee, Seetal Dodd, Laura Gray, Michael Berk, Ken Walder
Background: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a mental health condition with progressive social and cognitive function disturbances. Most patients' treatments are based on polypharmacy, but with no biological basis and little is known of the drugs' interactions. The aim of this study was to analyse the effects of lithium, valproate, quetiapine and lamotrigine, and the interactions between them, on markers of inflammation, bioenergetics, mitochondrial function and oxidative stress in neuron-like cells (NT2) and microglial cells...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368227/intertwining-personal-and-reward-relevance-evidence-from-the-drift-diffusion-model
#11
A Yankouskaya, R Bührle, E Lugt, M Stolte, J Sui
In their seminal paper 'Is our self nothing but reward', Northoff and Hayes (Biol Psychiatry 69(11):1019-1025, Northoff, Hayes, Biological Psychiatry 69(11):1019-1025, 2011) proposed three models of the relationship between self and reward and opened a continuing debate about how these different fields can be linked. To date, none of the proposed models received strong empirical support. The present study tested common and distinct effects of personal relevance and reward values by de-componenting different stages of perceptual decision making using a drift-diffusion approach...
January 24, 2018: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289963/treatment-guidelines-for-circadian-rhythm-sleep-wake-disorders-of-the-polish-sleep-research-society-and-the-section-of-biological-psychiatry-of-the-polish-psychiatric-association-part-ii-diagnosis-and-treatment
#12
REVIEW
Adam Wichniak, Konrad S Jankowski, Michał Skalski, Krystyna Skwarło-Sońta, Jolanta B Zawilska, Marcin Żarowski, Ewa Poradowska, Wojciech Jernajczyk
AIM: Circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders (CRSWD) are a group of disorders, in which the timing of sleep and wakefulness significantly differs from a patient's expectations or socially acceptable times. The aimof the article is to present the current principles for the diagnosis and treatment of CRSWD in adults and children. METHOD: Guidelines proposed as CRSWD treatment standard are based on the recommendations from the scientific societies involved in the sleep research and medicine...
October 29, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246661/a-quantitative-approach-to-neuropsychiatry-the-why-and-the-how
#13
REVIEW
Martien J Kas, Brenda Penninx, Bernd Sommer, Alessandro Serretti, Celso Arango, Hugh Marston
The current nosology of neuropsychiatric disorders allows for a pragmatic approach to treatment choice, regulation and clinical research. However, without a biological rationale for these disorders, drug development has stagnated. The recently EU-funded PRISM project aims to develop a quantitative biological approach to the understanding and classification of neuropsychiatric diseases to accelerate the discovery and development of better treatments. By combining clinical data sets from major worldwide disease cohorts and by applying innovative technologies to deeply phenotype stratified patient groups, we will define a set of quantifiable biological parameters for social withdrawal and cognitive deficits common to Schizophrenia (SZ), Major Depression (MD), and Alzheimer's Disease (AD)...
December 12, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236813/psychoanalysis-and-neurosciences-fuzzy-outlines-notes-on-the-notion-of-cerebral-plasticity
#14
Maria Jimena Mantilla
"Psychoanalysis versus psychiatry" and "unconscious versus brain" are classic oppositions between different perspectives on the human being and mental suffering. This article draws on certain elements of this discussion and reflects on how new ideas about the brain and biology favor closer interaction between psychoanalysis and the neurosciences. These questions are redefined through the notion of cerebral plasticity, by which the brain is open to interaction with the social environment and the influence of psychoanalytical therapy...
November 2017: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072182/social-challenges-of-contemporary-psychiatry
#15
N Bouras
Psychiatry and society are interrelated and the biopsychosocial model continues to dominate the clinical psychiatric practice. Some doubts have been expressed in recent years about the value and the wide acceptance of the biopsychosocial model. Ghaemi (2009)1 considers it to be anti-humanistic and advocates the use of less eclectic, less generic, and less vague alternatives. The fundamental changes that have been witnessed in our times across the spectrum of biology, psychology and sociology have made necessary that a conceptual clarity should prevail...
July 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942748/nutritional-psychiatry-the-present-state-of-the-evidence
#16
Wolfgang Marx, Genevieve Moseley, Michael Berk, Felice Jacka
Mental illness, including depression, anxiety and bipolar disorder, accounts for a significant proportion of global disability and poses a substantial social, economic and heath burden. Treatment is presently dominated by pharmacotherapy, such as antidepressants, and psychotherapy, such as cognitive behavioural therapy; however, such treatments avert less than half of the disease burden, suggesting that additional strategies are needed to prevent and treat mental disorders. There are now consistent mechanistic, observational and interventional data to suggest diet quality may be a modifiable risk factor for mental illness...
November 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770885/a-survey-to-determine-motivating-factors-to-quit-opioids-in-treatment-seekers-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#17
Muhammad Iqbal Afridi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of different motivating factors to quit opioid use. METHODS: The descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted at the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, from August 2012 to February 2013, and comprised opioid users. Demographic data was collected through a semi-structured questionnaire whereas motivational factor was assessed through a self-designed proforma. A motivational factor questionnaire was developed after a pilot study...
July 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690149/creating-a-social-zeitgeber-to-synchronize-family-emotional-rhythms-a-new-therapeutic-approach-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#18
REVIEW
Matthias Wiss, Sylvie Tordjman
A family can be viewed as a system respecting the principle of homeostasis and therefore considered as a system in equilibrium or out of equilibrium, or even both simultaneously or consecutively. Within a family system, there are oscillatory phenomena and synchronization of the emotional, behavioral and relational rhythms of each member of the family system as well as synchronization of this system with others. A disruption of family synchronies, consisting of successive desynchronizations and resynchronizations, can take place in order for a change to occur...
November 2016: Journal of Physiology, Paris
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686557/the-biopsychosocial-model-40-years-of-application-in-psychiatry
#19
G Papadimitriou
In 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "TheIn 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "Theneed for a new medical model: A challenge for biomedicine", introducing the term Biopsychosocial Model. This model basedon the results of Engel's studies in ulcerative colitis, depression and psychogenic pain, constituted a challenge for biomedicineand the biomedical model...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660744/reconceptualizing-mental-disorders-from-symptoms-to-organs
#20
Mario Bunge
Most mental pathologies are diagnosed on the sole basis of the symptoms reported by patients, such as "I'm feeling low." The thrust of this paper is the proposal to reconceptualize mental disorders as dysfunctions of brain subsystems. This shift from symptom to organ would bring psychiatry in line with the rest of medicine, and is analogous to the change in status of venereal infections from skin pathologies, such as chancres, to bacterial infections. The proposal in question is part of the reconceptualization of mental processes as brain processes, in line with the materialist conception of the mind as neural...
June 2017: PsyCh Journal
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