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Salivary gland cancer

Christian Filss, Alexander Heinzel, Berthold Miiller, Andreas T J Vogg, Karl-Josef Langen, Felix M Mottaghy
AIM: In metastatic prostate cancer patients PSMA targeting radioligands have gained significant impact as theranostic probes. In this study a correlation between total tumor volume (TTV) and measured kidney dose as well as salivary glands (SG) uptake in177 Lu-PSMA-617 therapy was evaluated. METHODS: Eleven consecutive prostate cancer patients receiving a first cylcle of177 Lu-PSMA-617 (administered activity of approximately 6GBq) were included. The68 Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT scan previous to therapy was used to determine TTV and SG uptake (glandulae submandibularis) employing PMOD version 3...
February 2018: Nuklearmedizin. Nuclear Medicine
Karan Lal, Travis J Morrell, Michael Cunningham, Patrick OʼDonnell, Nikki A Levin, Kristine M Cornejo
Cutaneous mixed tumor (chondroid syringoma) is the cutaneous counterpart of pleomorphic adenoma of salivary glands, comprised of both epithelial and mesenchymal components. Malignant transformation is exceptionally rare, with only a few cases reported. We report a case of a malignant cutaneous mixed tumor in an 86-year-old white man who presented with a pink indurated plaque on his left scapula. He had a history of nonmelanoma skin cancers, a stage IB malignant melanoma of a lower extremity and Gleason 4 + 3 prostate cancer treated with brachytherapy, external beam irradiation, and bicalutamide...
March 6, 2018: American Journal of Dermatopathology
A Almståhl, C Finizia, A Carlén, B Fagerberg-Mohlin, T Alstad
OBJECTIVE: To analyse mucosal and major salivary secretion rates, caries and plaque microflora in connection with treatment for cancer in the head and neck region. METHODS: Thirty-three patients were included and the number of teeth, filled surfaces and caries lesions registered. The labial and buccal gland secretion and stimulated whole salivary secretion rates were determined. Supragingival plaque microflora was analysed using cultivation technique. Data were collected pretreatment, during treatment and 6 months, 1 year and 2 years post-treatment...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Naruhiro Matsufuji
Variation in the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) within the irradiation field of a carbon beam makes carbon-ion radiotherapy unique and advantageous in delivering the therapeutic dose to a deep-seated tumor, while sparing surrounding normal tissues. However, it is crucial to consider the RBE, not only in designing the dose distribution during treatment planning, but also in analyzing the clinical response retrospectively. At the National Institute of Radiological Sciences, the RBE model was established based on the response of human salivary gland cells...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Radiation Research
Thomas J W Klein Nulent, Matthijs H Valstar, Bart de Keizer, Stefan M Willems, Laura A Smit, Abrahim Al-Mamgani, Ludwig E Smeele, Robert J J van Es, Remco de Bree, Wouter V Vogel
OBJECTIVES: Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) is used for detection and (re)staging of prostate cancer. However, healthy salivary, seromucous, and lacrimal glands also have high PSMA-ligand uptake. This study aimed to describe physiologic PSMA-ligand uptake distribution characteristics in the head and neck to aid in PSMA PET/CT interpretation and to identify possible new clinical applications for PSMA-ligand imaging. STUDY DESIGN: Thirty consecutive patients who underwent PSMA PET/CT for prostate cancer were evaluated...
January 31, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Xiao Shi, Fan Dong, Wenjun Wei, Kehan Song, Naisi Huang, Zhongwu Lu, Bowen Lei, Pengcheng Yu, Wanlin Liu, Yu Wang, Guohua Sun, Yulong Wang, Qinghai Ji
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prognostic significance and identify optimal candidates of primary tumor resection (PTR) for patients with metastatic major salivary gland carcinoma (MaSGC) at diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with metastatic MaSGC were identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database. Kaplan-Meier analyses, log-rank tests and multivariate Cox regression models were employed to evaluate the therapeutic roles of PTR in the overall cohort and different subgroups...
March 2018: Oral Oncology
Aymen Lagha, Nesrine Chraiet, Mouna Ayadi, Sarra Krimi, Bassem Allani, Hela Rifi, Henda Raies, Amel Mezlini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Oral Oncology
E Boon, M Bel, W van Boxtel, W T A van der Graaf, R J J van Es, S E J Eerenstein, R J Baatenburg de Jong, M W M van den Brekel, L A van der Velden, M J H Witjes, A Hoeben, S M Willems, E Bloemena, L A Smit, S F Oosting, M A Jonker, U E Flucke, C M L van Herpen
Salivary duct carcinoma (SDC) is a subtype of salivary gland cancer with a dismal prognosis and a need for better prognostication and novel treatments. The aim of this national cohort study was to investigate clinical outcome, prognostic factors, Androgen Receptor (AR) and Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (HER2) expression. SDC patients diagnosed between 1990 - 2014 were identified by the Nationwide Network and Registry of Histo- and Cytopathology in the Netherlands (PALGA). Subsequently, medical records were evaluated and pathological diagnoses reviewed...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Marwan H Adly, Mohamed Sobhy, Mohamed A Rezk, Medhat Ishak, Mahmoud A Afifi, Ayman El Shafie, Mahmoud Ahmed Ali, Wael Zekri, Ahmad Samir Alfaar, Wafaa M Rashed
BACKGROUND: Thyroid carcinoma is a very rare tumor in the pediatric age group, accounting for only 1.5-3% of childhood carcinomas in the United States and Europe. We aimed to identify the risk of a second malignancy among pediatric thyroid cancer survivors. METHODS: The cohort analysis consisted of pediatric cancer patients aged less than 20 years, diagnosed with a primary thyroid cancer, identified by site code ICD-0-3: C739, and reported to the SEER 9 database between 1973 and 2013...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
Kenneth Yan, Jessica Yesensky, Rifat Hasina, Nishant Agrawal
Objective: To report on the current state of the literature on the genetics of mucoepidermoid and adenoid cystic carcinomas of the salivary glands with a focus on genomic screens and recently discovered genetic translocations. Methods: A PubMed based literature review was performed to query for genetics related basic science and preclinical studies about mucoepidermoid and adenoid cystic carcinomas of the salivary glands. Results and conclusions: Genetic translocations between CRTC1 and MAML2 in mucoepidermoid carcinoma and between MYB and NFIB in adenoid cystic carcinoma have been recently discovered and have therapeutic implications...
February 2018: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
Xiaowei Cong
Outdoor air pollution may be associated with cancer risk at different sites. This study sought to investigate outdoor air pollution from waste gas emission effects on multiple cancer incidences in a retrospective population-based study in Shanghai, China. Trends in cancer incidence for males and females and trends in waste gas emissions for the total waste gas, industrial waste gas, other waste gas, SO2 , and soot were investigated between 1983 and 2010 in Shanghai, China. Regression models after adjusting for confounding variables were constructed to estimate associations between waste gas emissions and multiple cancer incidences in the whole group and stratified by sex, Engel coefficient, life expectancy, and number of doctors per 10,000 populations to further explore whether changes of waste gas emissions were associated with multiple cancer incidences...
February 27, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
G Sunavala-Dossabhoy
Thyroid cancer is an endocrine malignancy whose prevalence is increasing in the United States. Nearly 57,000 new cases of thyroid cancer are estimated to be diagnosed in 2017. The standard of care for differentiated thyroid cancer is thyroidectomy followed by ablation of thyroid remnants with high-dose radioactive iodine (131 I). Apart from thyroid glands,131 I accumulates in cells of salivary glands and compromises its function. Xerostomia is, therefore, a frequent and often persistent complaint of patients...
March 2018: Oral Diseases
Christoph Becker, Jens Pfeiffer, Kitty Lange, Kilian Konrad Kenjiro Dahlem
PURPOSE: To evaluate the health-related quality of life (QOL) in patients with major salivary gland carcinoma (MSGC). METHODS: 45 patients with MSGC completed the University of Washington Quality of Life (UWQOL) questionnaire. Results and factors influencing quality of life were analyzed using Mann-Whitney U test. RESULTS: 24 patients were male, 21 patients were female, and median age was 57 years. 33 patients presented with early stage (UICC stage I or II) cancer...
February 24, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Simon Andreasen, Qihua Tan, Tina Klitmøller Agander, Petr Steiner, Kristine Bjørndal, Estrid Høgdall, Stine Rosenkilde Larsen, Daiva Erentaite, Caroline Holkmann Olsen, Benedicte Parm Ulhøi, Sarah Linéa von Holstein, Irene Wessel, Steffen Heegaard, Preben Homøe
Adenoid cystic carcinoma is among the most frequent malignancies in the salivary and lacrimal glands and has a grave prognosis characterized by frequent local recurrences, distant metastases, and tumor-related mortality. Conversely, adenoid cystic carcinoma of the breast is a rare type of triple-negative (estrogen and progesterone receptor, HER2) and basal-like carcinoma, which in contrast to other triple-negative and basal-like breast carcinomas has a very favorable prognosis. Irrespective of site, adenoid cystic carcinoma is characterized by gene fusions involving MYB, MYBL1, and NFIB, and the reason for the different clinical outcomes is unknown...
February 21, 2018: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
Jianchun Xiao, Peiran Xu, Binglu Li, Tao Hong, Wei Liu, Xiaodong He, Chaoji Zheng, Yupei Zhao
Immunoglobulin (Ig)G4-associated cholangitis (IAC) is one of the common organ manifestations of IgG4-related systemic disease (ISD). IAC and autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) may mimic sclerosing cholangitis, cholangiocarcinoma, or pancreatic carcinoma. Diagnosis is based on a combination of clinical, biochemical, radiological, and histological findings.To study the clinical presentation of and treatment strategy for IAC, we reviewed clinical, serologic, and imaging characteristics, as well as treatment response, in 39 patients with IAC...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
I M Bykov, E V Izhnina, E V Kochurova, N V Lapina
The radiation has an antitumor effect and causes radiation reactions and damage to surrounding tissues within the framework of combined antitumor treatment of patients with cancer of maxillofacial region. It also has an irreversible effect on the production of saliva by large and small salivary glands, and this must be taken into account when planning radiation therapy for this group of patients.
2018: Stomatologii︠a︡
Bo Hai, Qingguo Zhao, Michael A Deveau, Fei Liu
Rationale: Irreversible hypofunction of salivary glands or xerostomia is common in head and neck cancer survivors treated with radiotherapy even when various new techniques are applied to minimize the irradiation (IR) damage. This condition severely impairs the quality of life of patients and can only be temporarily relieved with current treatments. We found recently that transient expression of Sonic Hedgehog (Shh) in salivary glands after IR rescued salivary function, but the underlying mechanisms are not totally clear...
2018: Theranostics
Elliot Morse, Rance J T Fujiwara, Benjamin Judson, Saral Mehra
Objective To characterize treatment times in salivary cancer; associate treatment times with patient, tumor, and treatment characteristics; and examine the association of treatment times and overall survival. Study Design Retrospective cohort. Setting Commission-on-Cancer Accredited Hospitals 2004-2013. Subjects and Methods In total, 5953 patients with salivary cancer included in the National Cancer Database were identified. For each treatment interval, patients in the fourth quartile ("prolonged") were compared to patients in the first and second quartiles ("not prolonged")...
February 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Donika Plyku, Esther Mena, Steven P Rowe, Martin A Lodge, Zsolt Szabo, Steve Y Cho, Martin G Pomper, George Sgouros, Robert F Hobbs
PURPOSE: Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA), a type-II integral membrane protein highly expressed in prostate cancer, has been extensively used as a target for imaging and therapy. Among the available PET radiotracers, the low molecular weight agents that bind to PSMA are proving particularly effective. We present the dosimetry results for18 F-DCFPyL in nine patients with metastatic prostate cancer. METHODS: Nine patients were imaged using sequential PET/CT scans at approximately 1, 12, 35 and 70 min, and a final PET/CT scan at approximately 120 min after intravenous administration of 321 ± 8 MBq (8...
February 19, 2018: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
B J Rocca, A Gini, C Calandra, A Ginori, F Crivelli
Malignancies of the parotid gland are relatively uncommon, accounting for only 3-6% of all head and neck cancers. Most of them are primary neoplasms, metastases are uncommon. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) represents 3% of adult malignancies, the clear cell type comprises up to 70% of all RCC. RCC has an unpredictable behavior and the unique potential to metastasize to nearly every organ in the body. Though not as frequent, metastatic RCC to the head and neck has been identified in the thyroid, salivary glands, skull base, sinuses, pharynx, tonsils, tongue, lip and skin...
December 2017: Pathologica
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