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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304316/perspectives-and-attitudes-of-pediatricians-concerning-post-discharge-care-practice-of-premature-infants
#1
A Gad, E Parkinson, N Khawar, A Elmeki, P Narula, D Hoang
OBJECTIVE: Survival rates of premature infants are at a historical high and increasingly more pediatricians are caring for former premature infants. The goal of this study was to describe the perspectives and attitudes of pediatricians, as well as, the challenges of rendering post-neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) discharge care for premature infants. METHODS: An anonymous 22-question web-based survey was emailed to pediatricians who are current members of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and practicing in Kings County, New York...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301061/the-sbu-report-a-different-view
#2
Alex V Levin
The paper by Lynøe and coworkers(1) is a summary of the previously published SBU report of 2016 (2) in which the authors correctly state, "The injuries in question in situations in which traumatic shaking is suspected may be serious in nature, both in acute terms and also in the longer term. The injuries may be life-threatening, or entail a risk of permanent consequences in terms of the child's development, health and future quality of life." This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
March 16, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292797/acetaminophen-use-and-asthma-in-children
#3
Teeranai Sakulchit, Ran D Goldman
Question A child with a history of asthma came to my clinic with acute fever. I have heard that acetaminophen might be associated with exacerbation of asthma. Is it safe if I recommend acetaminophen for this child? Answer Most studies suggest an association between acetaminophen use in children and development of asthma later in childhood. However, several confounding factors in study design might contribute to this positive correlation, and without a prospective controlled trial, confirming this finding is challenging...
March 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287753/parental-educational-attainment-and-adult-offspring-personality-an-intergenerational-life-span-approach-to-the-origin-of-adult-personality-traits
#4
Angelina R Sutin, Martina Luchetti, Yannick Stephan, Richard W Robins, Antonio Terracciano
Why do some individuals have more self-control or are more vulnerable to stress than others? Where do these basic personality traits come from? Although a fundamental question in personality, more is known about how traits are related to important life outcomes than their developmental origins. The present research took an intergenerational life span approach to address whether a significant aspect of the childhood environment-parental educational attainment-was associated with offspring personality traits in adulthood...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286964/factors-impacting-participation-in-sports-for-children-with-limb-absence-a-qualitative-study
#5
Batoul Sayed Ahmed, Marena Lamy, Debra Cameron, Lisa Artero, Sandra Ramdial, Matthew Leineweber, Jan Andrysek
BACKGROUND: Individuals with limb absence benefit from participating in sports. While barriers and facilitators affecting sport participation are well documented for adults, they have not been explored for children with limb absence. PURPOSE: To identify the perceived factors impacting participation in sports according to children with limb absence and their parents. METHODS: This study uses a descriptive qualitative study design. Nineteen participants, consisting of children and their parents, were recruited from an outpatient hospital clinic for semi-structured interviews...
March 12, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282530/effect-of-early-intervention-on-functional-outcome-at-school-age-follow-up-and-process-evaluation-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-infants-at-risk
#6
Elisa G Hamer, Tjitske Hielkema, Arend F Bos, Tineke Dirks, Siebrigje J Hooijsma, Heleen A Reinders-Messelink, Rivka F Toonen, Mijna Hadders-Algra
BACKGROUND: The long-term effect of early intervention in infants at risk for developmental disorders is unclear. The VIP project (n=46, originally) evaluated by means of a randomised controlled trial the effect of the family centred early intervention programme COPCA (Coping with and Caring for infants with special needs) in comparison to that of traditional infant physiotherapy (TIP). AIMS: To evaluate the effect of early intervention on functional outcome at school age...
March 1, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271027/predictors-of-parental-knowledge-of-adolescent-sexual-experience-united-states-2012
#7
Julia Potter, Karen Soren, John Santelli
Parent-child sexual health communication has been shown to protect against adolescent sexual risk-taking behavior. Parent knowledge of adolescent sexual experience can inform timing and content of conversations; however, little is known about factors associated with such knowledge. To investigate this question, parent-child dyads (N = 942) from a U.S. nationally-representative internet panel were surveyed in June 2012. Agreement between adolescent report of vaginal sex and parent's knowledge of such behavior was assessed...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267226/analyzing-symptom-data-in-indoor-air-questionnaires-for-primary-schools
#8
Sari Ung-Lanki, Jussi Lampi, Juha Pekkanen
Questionnaires on symptoms and perceived quality of indoor environment are used to assess indoor environment problems, but mainly among adults. The aim of this article is to explore best ways to analyze and report such symptom data, as part of a project to develop a parent-administered indoor air questionnaire for primary school pupils. Indoor air questionnaire with 25 questions on child's symptoms in the last 4 weeks was sent to parents in 5 primary schools with indoor air problems and in 5 control schools...
March 7, 2017: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267027/experiences-of-parents-and-carers-in-managing-asthma-in-children-a-qualitative-systematic-review-protocol
#9
Robyn Fawcett, Kylie Porritt, Jared Campbell, Kristin Carson
The overarching objective of this review is to enhance understanding of the lived experiences of parents and carers in managing a child with asthma. Enablers and barriers encountered by parents will be examined and findings of the review will be used to develop recommendations for enhancing policy and practice aimed at improving asthma management for children and their families.The specific objective of this review is to critically appraise and synthesize the best available evidence based on qualitative studies exploring the experiences of parents and carers in managing their child's asthma...
March 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266046/development-of-dental-anxiety-in-schoolchildren-a-2-year-prospective-study
#10
Fernanda C Soares, Rodrigo A Lima, Mauro V G de Barros, Göran Dahllöf, Viviane Colares
AIM: To assess the development of high dental anxiety and the factors that are associated with it over a 2-year period. DESIGN: This longitudinal study focused on 416 Brazilian children aged 5-7 years over 2 years. Interviews were conducted with the children's parents to investigate the children's health-related behaviours. Additionally, the children's dental caries experience was clinically evaluated to obtain information about DMFT/dmft (decayed, filled and missing teeth) indices...
March 7, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258320/further-evidence-for-the-role-of-pregnancy-induced-hypertension-and-other-early-life-influences-in-the-development-of-adhd-results-from-the-idefics-study
#11
Hermann Pohlabeln, Stefan Rach, Stefaan De Henauw, Gabriele Eiben, Wencke Gwozdz, Charalampos Hadjigeorgiou, Dénes Molnár, Luis A Moreno, Paola Russo, Toomas Veidebaum, Iris Pigeot
The aim of this study is to investigate whether in addition to established early risk factors other, less studied pre-, peri-, and postnatal influences, like gestational hypertension or neonatal respiratory disorders and infections, may increase a child's risk of developing attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorders (ADHD). In the IDEFICS study more than 18,000 children, aged 2-11.9 years, underwent extensive medical examinations supplemented by parental questionnaires on pregnancy and early childhood. The present analyses are restricted to children whose parents also completed a supplementary medical questionnaire (n = 15,577), including the question whether or not the child was ever diagnosed with ADHD...
March 3, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255802/unusual-cause-of-anemia-in-a-child-with-end-stage-renal-disease-questions
#12
Songkiat Chantarogh, Uthaiwan Kongkhanin, Apinya Thanapinyo, Pawaree Saisawat, Kanchana Tangnararatchakit, Nalinee Chongviriyapan, Surapong Lertthammakiat, Kearkiat Praditpornsilpa, Kwanchai Pirojsakul
This is the case of a 5-year-old girl diagnosed with end-stage renal disease due to bilateral renal hypoplasia who developed anemia of unknown cause.
March 2, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255673/the-influence-of-child-gender-on-the-prospective-relationships-between-parenting-and-child-adhd
#13
David H Demmer, Francis Puccio, Mark A Stokes, Jane A McGillivray, Merrilyn Hooley
The aims of the current study were to (i) explore the potential bidirectional, prospective relationships between parenting and child ADHD, and (ii) explore whether these relationships differed on the basis of child gender. Data were obtained from waves 1 (children aged 4- to 5-years) to 5 (children aged 12- to 13-years) of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Child (LSAC) dataset (child cohort). In order to examine dimensions of both mothers' and fathers' parenting, a subsample of nuclear families with mothers, fathers and children present at all waves was extracted (final sample = 1932; sons = 981, daughters = 951)...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248836/pediatric-multiple-organ-dysfunction-syndrome-promising-therapies
#14
Allan Doctor, Jerry Zimmerman, Michael Agus, Surender Rajasekaran, Juliane Bubeck Wardenburg, James Fortenberry, Anne Zajicek, Emma Mairson, Katri Typpo
OBJECTIVE: To describe the state of the science, identify knowledge gaps, and offer potential future research questions regarding promising therapies for children with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome presented during the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Workshop on Pediatric Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome (March 26-27, 2015). DATA SOURCES: Literature review, research data, and expert opinion. STUDY SELECTION: Not applicable...
March 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228185/knowledge-of-childhood-materiality-text-and-the-history-of-science-an-interdisciplinary-round-table-discussion
#15
Felix Rietmann, Mareike Schildmann, Caroline Arni, Daniel Thomas Cook, Davide Giuriato, Novina Göhlsdorf, Wangui Muigai
This round table discussion takes the diversity of discourse and practice shaping modern knowledge about childhood as an opportunity to engage with recent historiographical approaches in the history of science. It draws attention to symmetries and references among scientific, material, literary and artistic cultures and their respective forms of knowledge. The five participating scholars come from various fields in the humanities and social sciences and allude to historiographical and methodological questions through a range of examples...
February 23, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225473/information-needs-and-preferences-of-parents-considering-treatment-of-child-anxiety
#16
Leanne Mak, John R Walker, Diane Hiebert-Murphy, Gary Altman
OBJECTIVE: To assess the information needs and preferences of parents who were making decisions concerning treatment for their child's anxiety. METHODS: Ninety-three parents were recruited from hospital-based clinics, a parent group, and a public information meeting. They completed a survey about preference for decision-making involvement, information needs, and preferences concerning source and amount of information. RESULTS: Most (69%) parents indicated that they prefer a collaborative decision-making role...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212307/antiretroviral-treatment-in-hiv-1-positive-mothers-neurological-implications-in-virus-free-children
#17
REVIEW
Antonio Victor Campos Coelho, Paola Maura Tricarico, Fulvio Celsi, Sergio Crovella
Since the worldwide introduction of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in human immunodeficiency virus type 1, HIV-1-positive mothers, together with HIV-1 testing prior to pregnancy, caesarian birth and breastfeeding cessation with replacement feeding, a reduction of HIV-1 mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) has been observed in the last few years. As such, an increasing number of children are being exposed in utero to ART. Several questions have arisen concerning the neurological effects of ART exposure in utero, considering the potential effect of antiretroviral drugs on the central nervous system, a structure which is in continuous development in the fetus and characterized by great plasticity...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196030/physical-activities-and-lifestyle-factors-related-to-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#18
Kota Watanabe, Takehiro Michikawa, Ikuho Yonezawa, Masashi Takaso, Shohei Minami, Shigeru Soshi, Takashi Tsuji, Eijiro Okada, Katsumi Abe, Masamichi Takahashi, Keiko Asakura, Yuji Nishiwaki, Morio Matsumoto
BACKGROUND: In addition to genetic factors, environmental and lifestyle factors are thought to play an important role in the onset of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). This cross-sectional study was conducted to explore lifestyle factors related to AIS. METHODS: This study included 2,759 Japanese female junior high school students who planned a secondary screening after an initial moiré topography screening indicated possible scoliosis. The students and their mothers, or guardians, were asked to fill out a questionnaire consisting of 38 questions about demographic factors, lifestyle-related factors, social factors, household environment, participation in sports, health status, and factors related to the mother's pregnancy and delivery...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190570/rethinking-research-on-sexual-exploitation-of-boys-methodological-challenges-and-recommendations-to-optimize-future-knowledge-generation
#19
Katherine Mitchell, Melissa Moynihan, Claire Pitcher, Annabel Francis, Abigail English, Elizabeth Saewyc
Research and policies on child and adolescent sexual exploitation frequently focus on the sexual exploitation of girls and fail to recognize the experiences of sexually exploited boys, including their potentially unique health care and social support needs. This oversight limits the ability of health care and social service providers to offer both targeted and evidence informed care to sexually exploited boys. As a first step in a larger grant to understand the experiences of sexually exploited boys and to develop interventions for this specific population, we conducted a systematic review to address the question, "What is the state of the research on sexually exploited boys internationally?" As we undertook this review, we faced a number of significant challenges that made the process more difficult than anticipated...
February 9, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186930/protective-factors-for-child-development-at-age-2-in-the-presence-of-poor-maternal-mental-health-results-from-the-all-our-babies-aob-pregnancy-cohort
#20
Sheila W McDonald, Heather L Kehler, Suzanne C Tough
OBJECTIVE: To identify the combination of factors most protective of developmental delay at age 2 among children exposed to poor maternal mental health. DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING: Pregnant women were recruited from primary healthcare offices, the public health laboratory service and community posters in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: 1596 mother-child dyads who participated in the All Our Babies study and who completed a follow-up questionnaire when their child was 2 years old...
November 10, 2016: BMJ Open
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