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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673720/-study-of-parental-bonding-in-childhood-in-children-and-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa
#1
A M H Albinhac, F A M Jean, M P Bouvard
INTRODUCTION: Anorexia nervosa constitutes a severe and complex eating disorder occurring principally in adolescence. It is one of the most deadly psychiatric disorders. Considering the multifactorial nature of anorexia nervosa, the important place of the family and the growing interest in the theory of attachment in eating disorders, parental bonding is questioned in anorexia nervosa. The main study goal is to analyze parental bonding in a population of children and adolescents with anorexia nervosa...
April 16, 2018: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664850/idiopathic-toe-walking-prevalence-and-natural-history-from-birth-to-ten-years-of-age
#2
Pähr Engström, Kristina Tedroff
BACKGROUND: Children with idiopathic toe-walking, a common pediatric condition, walk some or all of the time on their toes. This condition often causes parental concern, with repeated medical contacts and a range of interventions including stretching, casts, injection of botulinum toxin A, and surgical procedures. The purpose of this cohort study was to document the natural history of this condition. METHODS: In a population-based cohort of 1,401 healthy 5.5-year-old Swedish children, we found the prevalence of idiopathic toe-walking to be approximately 5% (63 of 1,401)...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652214/staff-perceptions-of-symptoms-approaches-to-assessment-and-challenges-to-assessment-among-children-with-cancer
#3
Lauri A Linder, Sarah E Wawrzynski
Nurses are often the first to recognize and respond to children's symptoms. This descriptive, exploratory study characterized how pediatric oncology health care providers characterize and assess children's cancer-related symptoms. The study also explored challenges associated with symptom assessment and information perceived as helpful in planning interventions. The setting was a Children's Oncology Group-affiliated hospital in the Intermountain West of the United States. Twenty-two pediatric oncology health care providers (95% female; 68% nurses) participated in one of four focus group sessions...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642972/the-association-of-intrapair-birth-weight-differences-with-internalizing-and-externalizing-behavior-problems
#4
Elena C Tore, Evangelia E Antoniou, Keith Reed, Taunton R Southwood, Luc Smits, Joseph P McCleery, Maurice P Zeegers
Problem behaviors are of increasing public health concern. Twin studies have revealed substantial genetic and environmental influences on children's behavior, and examining birth-weight difference could allow the identification of the specific contribution of multiple non-shared prenatal environmental factors. The Twins and Multiple Births Association Heritability Study, a UK, volunteer-based study, recruited mothers of twins aged 18 months to 5 years; 960 twins (480 pairs) were included in the analysis. Twins' mothers answered questions relative to their pregnancy and their twins' characteristics, and completed the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) 1½-5...
April 12, 2018: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601821/chronic-anterior-uveitis-in-children-psychosocial-challenges-for-patients-and-their-families
#5
Delana M Parker, Sheila T Angeles-Han, Annette L Stanton, Gary N Holland
PURPOSE: To describe issues of concern to children with chronic anterior uveitis; to consider the psychological impact of chronic anterior uveitis on children's lives; and to understand the effect of a child's chronic illness on other family members. DESIGN: Expert commentary. METHODS: Author experiences were supplemented by a review of pertinent medical literature and by consideration of content from semi-structured, separate patient and parent interviews...
March 27, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589685/-impact-of-children-with-multiple-disabilities-on-families-in-abidjan
#6
Koumé Mathias N Dri, Issifou Yaya, Robertine Zigoli, François Endemel Ayabakan, Stéphane Yves Ipou, Botty Lambert Moke
INTRODUCTION: A child's multiple disabilities have a major impact on families in both developed and developing countries. In Côte d'Ivoire, very few data are available concerning the real experiences of families of children with multiple disabilities. The objective of this study was to improve our knowledge of the impact of children with multiple disabilities on families in Côte d'Ivoire. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted among the families consulting the Child Guidance Centre of the National Institute of Public Health in Abidjan...
January 2018: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588046/meta-analyses-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-getting-closer-to-clinical-practice
#7
EDITORIAL
Samuele Cortese
Rigorously conducted meta-analyses provide evidence synthesis that has the potential to inform daily clinical decision making and development of clinical guidelines. In the past decade, there has been an increasing number of studies on pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatments for childhood and adolescent psychiatric disorders. Given this large body of research, busy clinicians might tend to rely on meta-analyses, rather than individual trials, to keep abreast of the evidence base supporting intervention strategies in child and adolescent psychiatry...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587775/new-forms-of-development-branding-innovative-ideas-and-bidding-for-foreign-aid-in-the-maternal-and-child-health-service-in-nepal
#8
Radha Adhikari, Pam Smith, Jeevan Raj Sharma, Obindra Bahadur Chand
BACKGROUND: Nepal has been receiving foreign aid since the early 1950s. Currently, the country's health care system is heavily dependent on aid, even for the provision of basic health services to its people. Globally, the mechanism for the dispersal of foreign aid is becoming increasingly complex. Numerous stakeholders are involved at various levels: donors, intermediary organisations, project-implementing partners and the beneficiaries, engaging not only in Nepal but also globally. To illustrate how branding and bidding occurs, and to discuss how this process has become increasingly vital in securing foreign aid to run MCH activities in Nepal...
March 27, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574735/commentary-whither-the-epigenetics-of-child-psychopathology-some-reflections-provoked-by-barker-et-al-2018
#9
Edmund J S Sonuga-Barke, Pasco Fearon
Barker et al.'s. () review addresses one of the most fundamental questions in the fields of child psychology and psychiatry - How can adverse experiences shape development to a sufficient degree and in profound and enduring ways to create long term risk for later mental disorder and disability? In particular they discuss the plausibility of differential methylation as an epigenetic mechanism by which such exposures can become neuro-biologically embedded. Our commentary rises six question relating to key issues that need to be addressed as we search for definitive evidence from human studies that such mechanisms actually do make an important causal contribution to abnormal trajectories of development to disorder...
April 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573411/the-effects-of-mother-child-mediated-learning-strategies-on-psychological-resilience-and-cognitive-modifiability-of-boys-with-learning-disability
#10
David Tzuriel, Vered Shomron
BACKGROUND: The theoretical framework of the current study is based on mediated learning experience (MLE) theory, which is similar to the scaffolding concept. The main question of the current study was to what extent mother-child MLE strategies affect psychological resilience and cognitive modifiability of boys with learning disability (LD). Secondary questions were to what extent the home environment, severity of boy's LD, and mother's attitude towards her child's LD affect her MLE strategies and consequently the child's psychological resilience and cognitive modifiability...
March 24, 2018: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570559/the-health-care-transition-of-youth-with-liver-disease-into-the-adult-health-system-position-paper-from-espghan-and-easl
#11
Pietro Vajro, Björn Fischler, Patrizia Burra, Dominique Debray, Antal Dezsofi, Salvatore Guercio Nuzio, Nedim Hadzic, Loreto Hierro, Joerg Jahnel, Thierry Lamireau, Patrick McKiernan, Valerie McLin, Valerio Nobili, Piotr Socha, Francoise Smets, Ulli Baumann, Henkjan J Verkade
BACKGROUND: Medical advances have dramatically improved the long-term prognosis of children and adolescents with once-fatal hepatobiliary diseases. However, there is no generally accepted optimal pathway of care for the transition from paediatric care to the adult health system. AIM: The purpose of this position paper is to propose a transition process for young people with paediatric onset hepatobiliary diseases from child-centred to adult-centred healthcare services...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568216/foster-children-s-behavioral-development-and-foster-parent-stress-testing-a-transactional-model
#12
Anouk Goemans, Mitch van Geel, Paul Vedder
The goal of this three-wave longitudinal study was to analyze foster parent stress and foster children's internalizing and externalizing behaviors in a transactional framework. Participants in this study were 237 children in foster care in the Netherlands with, mostly, long placement durations ( M =  56.86 months, SD  = 49.10 months). We examined concurrent, prospective unidirectional and bidirectional relations between foster children's behavior and foster parent stress by using cross-lagged structural equation modeling and examined whether the results were stable across different subgroups of foster children...
2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567464/parent-perspectives-on-the-clinician-client-relationship-in-speech-language-treatment-for-children
#13
Kerry Danahy Ebert
Few studies have explored clinician-client relationships in speech-language treatment for children, although evidence indicates that these relationships may be important. Parents play a unique role in clinician-client relationships and their views have yet to be considered in the speech-language pathology literature. This study explored parents' perspectives on the clinician-client relationship in speech-language treatment for children using both quantitative and qualitative information. An online survey collected responses from 159 parents with children enrolled in speech-language services...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564160/thailand-s-national-universal-developmental-screening-programme-for-young-children-action-research-for-improved-follow-up
#14
Joanna Morrison, Issarapa Chunsuwan, Petch Bunnag, Petra C Gronholm, Georgia Lockwood Estrin
Introduction: In low-income and middle-income countries, it is estimated that one in every three preschool-age children are failing to meet cognitive or socioemotional developmental milestones. Thailand has implemented a universal national developmental screening programme (DSPM) for young children to enable detection of developmental disorders and early intervention that can improve child health outcomes. DSPM implementation is being hampered by low attendance at follow-up appointments when children fail the initial screening...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563643/maternal-education-changing-family-circumstances-and-children-s-skill-development-in-the-united-states-and-uk
#15
Margot Jackson, Kathleen Kiernan, Sara McLanahan
Among the core dimensions of socioeconomic status, maternal education is the most strongly associated with children's cognitive development, and is a key predictor of other resources within the family that strongly predict children's well-being: economic insecurity, family structure, and maternal depression. Most studies examine these circumstances in isolation of one another and/or at particular points in time, precluding a comprehensive understanding of how the family environment evolves over time and contributes to educational disparities in children's skill development and learning...
November 2017: Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548737/identifiability-of-tree-child-phylogenetic-networks-under-a-probabilistic-recombination-mutation-model-of-evolution
#16
Andrew Francis, Vincent Moulton
Phylogenetic networks are an extension of phylogenetic trees which are used to represent evolutionary histories in which reticulation events (such as recombination and hybridization) have occurred. A central question for such networks is that of identifiability, which essentially asks under what circumstances can we reliably identify the phylogenetic network that gave rise to the observed data? Recently, identifiability results have appeared for networks relative to a model of sequence evolution that generalizes the standard Markov models used for phylogenetic trees...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544356/coaching-in-early-physical-therapy-intervention-the-copca-program-as-an-example-of-translation-of-theory-into-practice
#17
Schirin Akhbari Ziegler, Tineke Dirks, Mijna Hadders-Algra
BACKGROUND: Coaching is en vogue in pediatric physiotherapy, but often applied rather unspecific and undefined. METHODS: This paper aims to describe coaching in early physiotherapy intervention, taking the specific coaching approach of the family-centered program "COPing with and CAring for infants with special needs" (COPCA) as a case in point. RESULTS: The theoretical underpinnings of coaching in COPCA, including a meta-model, family-centered practice, the Neuronal Group Selection Theory and the goal-oriented coaching approach, are discussed...
March 16, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542428/a-possible-twin-the-1960s-twin-study-revisited-twin-research-twin-to-twin-heart-transplantation-distinguishing-monozygotic-twins-twin-conceptions-via-oocyte-donation-factors-affecting-craniofacial-traits-in-the-media-triplet-delivery-in-the-uk-conjoined-twins
#18
Nancy L Segal
This article begins with the story of a 51-year-old Los Angeles, California man, Justin Goldberg, whose daughter caught a glimpse of his striking look-alike at a popular market. Many people have so-called doppelgängers, but this occurrence is especially intriguing - the individual in question, born in New York City in the mid-1960s to an unwed mother, was an adoptee placed by the Louise Wise Adoption Agency. This agency, under the guidance of a prominent psychiatrist, decided to place twins in separate homes...
March 15, 2018: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537182/the-refugee-crisis-and-the-rights-of-children-perspectives-on-community-based-resettlement-programs
#19
REVIEW
Nicholas Alipui, Nicole Gerke
We are currently facing one of the largest and most complex refugee crises in modern times. Conflict and natural disasters have resulted in 22.5 million refugees worldwide, more than half are children. As the world struggles to respond to this massive displacement of people, how is this affecting child refugees' development and what is being done about it? In this commentary, we explore answers to these central questions. First, we review the situation of child refugees in numbers, exploring their geographic concentration...
March 2018: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536529/cluster-headache-clinical-phenotypes-tobacco-nonexposed-never-smoker-and-no-parental-secondary-smoke-exposure-as-a-child-versus-tobacco-exposed-results-from-the-united-states-cluster-headache-survey
#20
Todd D Rozen
OBJECTIVE: To present results from the United States Cluster Headache Survey comparing the clinical presentation of tobacco nonexposed and tobacco-exposed cluster headache patients. BACKGROUND: Cluster headache is uniquely tied to a personal history of tobacco usage/cigarette smoking and, if the individual cluster headache sufferer did not smoke, it has been shown that their parent(s) typically did and that individual had significant secondary smoke exposure as a child...
March 14, 2018: Headache
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