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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447069/after-aylan-kurdi-how-tweeting-about-death-threat-and-harm-predict-increased-expressions-of-solidarity-with-refugees-over-time
#1
Laura G E Smith, Craig McGarty, Emma F Thomas
Viral social media content has been heralded for its power to transform policy, but online responses are often derided as "slacktivism." This raises the questions of what drives viral communications and what is their effect on support for social change. We addressed these issues in relation to Twitter discussions about Aylan Kurdi, a child refugee who died en route to the European Union. We developed a longitudinal paradigm to analyze 41,253 tweets posted 1 week before the images of Aylan Kurdi emerged, the week they emerged, and 10 weeks afterward-at the time of the Paris terror attacks...
February 1, 2018: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437752/towards-high-quality-useful-practice-guidelines-for-child-and-youth-mental-health-disorders-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-consensus-exercise
#2
Kathryn Bennett, Stephanie Duda, Melissa Brouwers, Peter Szatmari, Amanda Newton, John McLennan, Purnima Sundar, Kristin Cleverley, Alice Charach, Joanna Henderson, Darren Courtney, Maureen Rice
INTRODUCTION: The quality of clinical practice guidelines (PGs) has not been evaluated in child and youth mental health (CYMH). To address this gap, we will: (1) conduct a systematic review (SR) to answer the question 'among eligible PGs relevant to the prevention or treatment of CYMH conditions, which PGs meet criteria for minimum and high quality?'; (2) apply nominal group methods to create recommendations for how CYMH PG quality, completeness and usefulness can be strengthened. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: SR: Potentially eligible PGs will be identified in 12 databases using a reproducible search strategy developed by a research librarian...
February 6, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436982/examining-the-association-between-executive-functions-and-developmental-domains-of-low-income-children-in-the-united-states-and-turkey
#3
Mubeccel Gonen, Tulin Guler-Yildiz, Ayca Ulker-Erdem, Aileen Garcia, Helen Raikes, Ibrahim H Acar, Feyza Ozkan-Yildiz, Ipek Karlidag, Sukran Ucus, Dawn L Davis
This study examined the relations between executive functions and developmental domains of preschool children from low-income families through an intercultural perspective in the U.S. and Turkey. A total of 471 children and their primary caregivers participated in the Turkey part of the study, while 286 children and their parents engaged in U.S. SAMPLE: Regression analyses revealed that fine motor, problem solving, and executive functions of children between two contexts were significantly different from each other...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435439/extracellular-calcium-dictates-onset-severity-and-recovery-of-diarrhea-in-a-child-with-immune-mediated-enteropathy
#4
Johnathan Fraebel, Regino Gonzalez-Peralta, Maryann Maximos, Genie L Beasley, Christopher Douglas Jolley, Sam Xianjun Cheng
Diarrhea causes monovalent and divalent ion losses that can influence clinical outcome. Unlike the losses of monovalent ions, such as Na+, K+, Cl-, and [Formula: see text], which are generally large in quantity (osmoles) and therefore determine the severity of diarrhea, the losses of divalent ions are relatively small in osmoles and are often overlooked during diarrheal treatment. Studies now suggest that despite divalent ions being small in osmoles, their effects are large due to the presence of divalent ion-sensing receptors and their amplifying effects in the gut...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433508/research-priority-setting-reproductive-health-in-the-occupied-palestinian-territory
#5
Niveen M E Abu-Rmeileh, Rula Ghandour, Marina Tucktuck, Mohammad Obiedallah
BACKGROUND: Occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) is an authority with limited resources. Therefore, research conducted in such a setting should be prioritized and coordinated to follow a national research agenda. This study aims to produce a research agenda for reproductive health in the oPt that can be utilized by reproductive health stakeholders and contribute to the development of policy-based evidence to guide health practice. METHODS: In the current study, we followed research prioritization methods developed by the World Health Organization-Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative...
February 13, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430692/mental-health-care-needs-and-preferences-for-mothers-of-children-with-a-disability
#6
K-M Gilson, E Davis, S Johnson, J Gains, D Reddihough, K Williams
BACKGROUND: Mothers of children with a disability are at increased risk of poor mental health compared with mothers of typically developing children. The aim of the study was to describe the mental health care needs and preferences for support of mothers of children and young people aged 0-25 years with a disability. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was used, using an online survey with 294 mothers of children with a disability. Questions were asked about mental health, perceived need for support, barriers to accessing mental health care, and preferences for support...
February 12, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427041/the-validity-of-parental-reports-on-motor-skills-performance-level-in-preschool-children-a-comparison-with-a-standardized-motor-test
#7
Annina E Zysset, Tanja H Kakebeeke, Nadine Messerli-Bürgy, Andrea H Meyer, Kerstin Stülb, Claudia S Leeger-Aschmann, Einat A Schmutz, Amar Arhab, Valentina Ferrazzini, Susi Kriemler, Simone Munsch, Jardena J Puder, Oskar G Jenni
Motor skills are interrelated with essential domains of childhood such as cognitive and social development. Thus, the evaluation of motor skills and the identification of atypical or delayed motor development is crucial in pediatric practice (e.g., during well-child visits). Parental reports on motor skills may serve as possible indicators to decide whether further assessment of a child is necessary or not. We compared parental reports on fundamental motor skills performance level (e.g., hopping, throwing), based on questions frequently asked in pediatric practice, with a standardized motor test in 389 children (46...
February 9, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423260/a-heel-strike-real-time-auditory-feedback-device-to-promote-motor-learning-in-children-who-have-cerebral-palsy-a-pilot-study-to-test-device-accuracy-and-feasibility-to-use-a-music-and-dance-based-learning-paradigm
#8
Jaswandi Tushar Pitale, John H Bolte
Background: Cerebral palsy (CP) is a developmental disorder of movement and posture that occurs due to damage to the developing nervous system. As part of therapy, wearable sensors that trigger interactive feedback may provide multi-sensory guidance and motivation. A prototype of a heel-strike real-time feedback system has been developed which records the number of heel strikes during gait and indicates successful heel contact through real-time auditory feedback. The first aim of this feasibility study was to test the prototype accuracy...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422151/interdisciplinary-ugandan-perspectives-on-computerized-intervention-implementation-for-child-survivors-of-severe-malaria-a-qualitative-analysis
#9
Katherine Finn, Jody Lori, Maurgan Lee, Bruno Giordani
PURPOSE: Severe malaria (SM) is the leading cause of pediatric cognitive impairment in sub-Saharan Africa. Computerized Cognitive Rehabilitation Therapy (CCRT), a promising intervention for children suffering from SM related cognitive delay, targets areas impacted by the disease (memory, attention, and executive function), but has yet to be implemented for daily use. This paper explores the perspectives of Ugandan professionals regarding CCRT implementation in the academic setting of Uganda...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415550/management-of-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-children-under-5-years-through-the-lens-of-health-care-workers-in-two-rural-south-african-hospitals
#10
Moise Muzigaba, Brian Van Wyk, Thandi Puoane
BACKGROUND: Despite the widespread implementation of the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for the management of severe malnutrition in South Africa, poor treatment outcomes for children under 5 years are still observed in some hospitals, particularly in rural areas. OBJECTIVE: To explore health care workers' perceptions about upstream and proximal factors contributing to poor treatment outcomes for severe acute malnutrition in two district hospitals in South Africa...
January 30, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402265/a-qualitative-study-of-developing-beliefs-about-health-illness-and-healthcare-in-migrant-african-women-with-gestational-diabetes-living-in-sweden
#11
Katarina Hjelm, Karin Bard, Jan Apelqvist
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes (GDM) is associated with health risks for both mother and child, and is particularly relevant to migrant women and women of African origin. With today's extensive global migration, contact with the new society and health system confronts the migrant's culture of origin with the culture of the host country. The question is whether immigrants' patterns of beliefs about health, illness, and health-related behaviour change over time, as no previous studies have been found on this topic...
February 5, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396172/severe-gabaa-receptor-encephalitis-without-seizures-a-paediatric-case-successfully-treated-with-early-immunomodulation
#12
Marc Nikolaus, Ellen Knierim, Christian Meisel, Jakob Kreye, Harald Prüss, Dirk Schnabel, Tilmann Kallinich
BACKGROUND: Autoimmune-mediated processes are the driving force behind many neurological diseases. Autoimmune encephalitis, a group of syndromes, mediated by or at least associated with autoantibodies against neuronal tissue, have gained increasing importance especially in paediatric neurology. Since the first NMDAR encephalitis was described a growing number of patients with encephalopathy, seizures and psychiatric symptoms were found to suffer from treatable autoimmune disorders. Recently a severe form of encephalitis associated with GABAAR antibodies was described showing extensive MRI abnormalities and refractory seizures...
January 9, 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388480/bmi-health-report-cards-parents-perceptions-and-reactions
#13
Marla Jones, Cassie Huffer, Tom Adams, Logan Jones, Bryan Church
In 2003, Arkansas became the first state to require body mass index (BMI) testing in public schools to raise awareness of the growing obesity epidemic among children and adolescents. Limited information exists regarding the effectiveness of school-based BMI screening programs. The purpose of this study was to determine if BMI health report cards affected parents' knowledge or actions regarding their child's health and to determine the accuracy of parents' perceptions of their child as underweight, normal weight, or overweight according to their child's BMI...
December 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383546/talking-with-children-about-adult-onset-hereditary-cancer-risk-a-developmental-approach-for-parents
#14
Allison Werner-Lin, Shana L Merrill, Amanda C Brandt
Families often express difficulty to their providers and request guidance regarding the task of communicating with children about potential adult-onset inherited cancer risks. This disclosure is often complicated by the parent's ongoing adjustment to their mutation status, guilt at potential transmission of the mutation to the child, concern over inciting distress in children, and the varied capacities of children in the home to understand genetic information. Providers often do not have adequate resources to support or facilitate disclosure of genetic test results to children...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382235/barriers-and-facilitators-to-physical-activity-participation-for-children-with-physical-disability-comparing-and-contrasting-the-views-of-children-young-people-and-their-clinicians
#15
Annemarie Wright, Rachel Roberts, Grace Bowman, Angela Crettenden
PURPOSE: Existing research has explored the barriers and facilitators of physical activity participation for young people with disability from the perspective of young people and their families. However, little research has investigated the views of clinicians who facilitate access to physical activity programs and compared this with their child client's perspectives. METHOD: Interviews were conducted with six allied health and sports development professionals associated with a programme which supports access to recreation and sporting activities...
January 30, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381876/recent-and-emerging-reproductive-biology-research-in-australia-and-new-zealand-highlights-from-the-society-for-reproductive-biology-annual-meeting-2017
#16
M J Bertoldo, P H Andraweera, E G Bromfield, F L Cousins, L A Lindsay, P Paiva, S L Regan, R D Rose, L K Akison
Research in reproductive science is essential to promote new developments in reproductive health and medicine, agriculture and conservation. The Society for Reproductive Biology (SRB) 2017 conference held in Perth (WA, Australia) provided a valuable update on current research programs in Australia and New Zealand. This conference review delivers a dedicated summary of significant questions, emerging concepts and innovative technologies presented in the symposia. This research demonstrates significant advances in the identification of precursors for a healthy pregnancy, birth and child, and discusses how these factors can influence disease risk...
January 31, 2018: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374978/misconceptions-about-traumatic-brain-injury-among-educators-has-anything-changed-over-the-last-20-years
#17
Audrey McKinlay, Kimberly Buck
PURPOSE: To examine educational professionals' knowledge and understanding of childhood brain injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Educational professionals from all schools in the state of Victoria, Australia, were invited to participate in an online cross-sectional survey consisting of 20 questions assessing knowledge of concussion and 30 questions examining knowledge of traumatic brain injury (n = 364). RESULTS: On average, participants correctly answered 16/20 (80%) questions about concussion and 24...
January 28, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359997/scotland-s-gp-paediatric-scholarship-an-evaluation
#18
Ronald MacVicar, Lyndsey Borland, Sharon McHale, Dayeel Goh, Alex Potter
In a previous publication we described the implementation and early evaluation of general practice paediatric scholarships in Scotland. We suggested that it was too early to be able to determine whether this significant investment will produce a return for Scotland in terms of enhanced roles in providing, leading or developing children's services in primary care or at the primary care/secondary care interface. This paper presents the results of a survey of the impact of the scholarship for the first six cohorts of the scholarship (119 General Practitioners)...
January 23, 2018: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356652/cybervictimization-among-preadolescents-in-a-community-based-sample-in-canada-prevalence-and-predictors
#19
Ahmad Mobin, Cindy Xin Feng, Cory Neudorf
OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence and predictors associated with cybervictimization among preadolescents in a community-based sample from Canada. METHODS: Data were drawn from a cohort of 5783 students of grades 5-8, aged 9-14 from 109 elementary schools at the Saskatoon Health Region, Saskatchewan of Canada based on the Student Health Survey in the year of 2010-2011. Multivariate logistic regression with the generalized estimating equation was used to determine the individual and contextual factors associated with self-reported cybervictimization...
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352738/persistent-pain-following-common-outpatient-surgeries-in-children-a-multicenter-study-in-italy
#20
Valeria Mossetti, Karen Boretsky, Marinella Astuto, Bruno G Locatelli, David Zurakowski, Rodolfo Lio, Roberta Nicoletti, Valter Sonzogni, Micol Maffioletti, Noemi Vicchio, Giorgio Ivani
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of persistent postsurgical pain in children is over 20% after major surgeries; however, data are scarce on the prevalence, character, and risk factors among children undergoing common ambulatory surgeries. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of persistent pain following pediatric ambulatory surgery at 1, 3, and 6 months. Secondary aims were to identify risk factors and characterize the pain and consequences of persistent postsurgical pain...
January 20, 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
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