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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933612/do-virtual-reality-games-improve-mobility-skills-and-balance-measurements-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Silvia Gr Neri, Jefferson R Cardoso, Lorena Cruz, Ricardo M Lima, Ricardo J de Oliveira, Maura D Iversen, Rodrigo L Carregaro
OBJECTIVE: To summarize evidence on the effectiveness of virtual reality games and conventional therapy or no-intervention for fall prevention in the elderly. DATA SOURCES: An electronic data search (last searched December 2016) was performed on 10 databases (Web of Science, EMBASE, PUBMED, CINAHL, LILACS, SPORTDiscus, Cochrane Library, Scopus, SciELO, PEDro) and retained only randomized controlled trials. REVIEW METHOD: Sample characteristics and intervention parameters were compared, focusing on clinical homogeneity of demographic characteristics, type/duration of interventions, outcomes (balance, reaction time, mobility, lower limb strength and fear of falling) and low risk of bias...
October 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933305/epidemiology-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#2
Hira Abdul Razzak, Alya Harbi, Wael Shelpai, Ahmad Qawas
Background/ Objective: Diabetes mellitus is a non-communicable disease which has become a major global public health issue. This systematic review summarized epidemiological studies related to the prevalence, risk factors, complications, incidence, knowledge, attitude and practices of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) among Arab population in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHOD: PubMed, Scopus databases, Science direct, Wiley online library, and other local journals were searched to identify relevant literature using appropriate keywords to retrieve studies conducted in the UAE...
September 20, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931501/cancer-predisposition-cascade-screening-for-hereditary-breast-ovarian-cancer-and-lynch-syndromes-in-switzerland-study-protocol
#3
Maria C Katapodi, Valeria Viassolo, Maria Caiata-Zufferey, Christos Nikolaidis, Rosmarie Bührer-Landolt, Nicole Buerki, Rossella Graffeo, Henrik Csaba Horváth, Christian Kurzeder, Manuela Rabaglio, Michael Scharfe, Corinne Urech, Tobias E Erlanger, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Karl Heinimann, Viola Heinzelmann-Schwarz, Olivia Pagani, Pierre O Chappuis
BACKGROUND: Breast, colorectal, ovarian, and endometrial cancers constitute approximately 30% of newly diagnosed cancer cases in Switzerland, affecting more than 12,000 individuals annually. Hundreds of these patients are likely to carry germline pathogenic variants associated with hereditary breast ovarian cancer (HBOC) or Lynch syndrome (LS). Genetic services (counseling and testing) for hereditary susceptibility to cancer can prevent many cancer diagnoses and deaths through early identification and risk management...
September 20, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930569/the-biology-of-the-platelet-with-special-reference-to-inflammation-wound-healing-and-immunity
#4
Alan T Nurden
While platelets have long been known to be essential for maintaining hemostasis in the vasculature, their role in tissue repair, inflammation and innate and adaptive immunity is a more recent science. The ability of platelets to attach to the vessel wall, form aggregates and promote fibrin formation, key elements of blood clotting, has been said to both favor and dampen inflammation, to fight infection and to assure an adequate immune response. To fulfill their different roles platelets often synchronize with leukocytes and cells of the immune system...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930378/the-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Samira Behboudi-Gandevani, Mina Amiri, Raziyeh Bidhendi Yarandi, Mahsa Noroozzadeh, Maryam Farahmand, Marziyeh Rostami Dovom, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common heterogeneous endocrine disorder associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS). The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to provide the most reliable estimate risk of MetS in women with PCOS, compared to healthy controls. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was performed in PubMed [including Medline], Web of Science and Scopus databases for retrieving articles in English language on the prevalence/incidence and odds of MetS in women with PCOS compared to healthy controls...
September 20, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930296/the-verified-neighbor-approach-to-geoprivacy-an-improved-method-for-geographic-masking
#6
Wayne Richter
Geographic information adds a powerful component to environmental epidemiology studies but can compromise subject confidentiality. Although locations are often masked by perturbing spatial coordinates, existing masks do not ensure that the perturbation area contains a sufficient number of valid surrogates to prevent disclosure, nor are they designed to minimize perturbation while maintaining a specified level of privacy. I introduce a new approach to geoprivacy in which real property parcel data with information about land use are used to develop a pool of verified neighbors...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930088/comparison-of-pcr-methods-for-the-detection-of-genetic-variants-of-carp-edema-virus
#7
Mikolaj Adamek, Marek Matras, Verena Jung-Schroers, Felix Teitge, Max Heling, Sven M Bergmann, Michal Reichert, Keith Way, David M Stone, Dieter Steinhagen
The infection of common carp and its ornamental variety, koi, with the carp edema virus (CEV) is often associated with the occurrence of a clinical disease called 'koi sleepy disease'. The disease may lead to high mortality in both koi and common carp populations. To prevent further spread of the infection and the disease, a reliable detection method for this virus is required. However, the high genetic variability of the CEV p4a gene used for PCR-based diagnostics could be a serious obstacle for successful and reliable detection of virus infection in field samples...
September 20, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926725/association-between-x-ray-repair-cross-complementing-group-1-xrcc1-arg399gln-polymorphism-and-endometriosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Mo-Qi Lv, Jin Wang, Xiao-Qing Yu, Hui-Hui Hong, Wen-Juan Ren, Pang Ge, Dang-Xia Zhou
OBJECTIVE(S): X-ray repair cross-complementing group 1(XRCC1) gene is one of the DNA repair pathway genes playing a vital role in endometriosis risk. Various studies have explored the association between them, however, the results remained inconsistent. So to confirm the association between XRCC1 Arg399Gln polymorphism and the risk of endometriosis, a meta-analysis was conducted. STUDY DESIGN: PubMed, Web of Science, Science Director, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and Wanfang Data databases were searched to identify the all relevant studies before Sep...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925889/physical-activity-does-it-really-increase-bone-density-in-postmenopausal-women-a-review-of-articles-published-between-2001-2016
#9
Daria Segev, Devora Hellerstein, Ayelet Dunsky
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is known for its many health benefits, among them the positive effect on bone health during the life cycle. During childhood, physical stress stimulates bone remodeling and increases density. However, due to hormonal changes during adulthood, and mainly during postmenopause the rate of bone remodeling is slowed and is less efficient. As a result, argument has arisen in the literature regarding the benefit or harm of physical activity on bone health among postmenopausal women...
September 18, 2017: Current Aging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924678/gender-opportunities-in-psychosocial-oncology
#10
Matthew Loscalzo, Karen Clark
So much has happened since the original publication of this chapter. In some ways, the progress made in appreciating the full spectrum of sexual and gender expression has been uneven and in some nations, there has been serious regression and resulting repression. But overall, especially in the industrialized countries, there is much greater awareness of sex and gender and its importance in health and well being. In this updated chapter, we put sex and gender into a historical context that is relevant to psycho-oncology and that openly accepts that society overall, is highly conflicted when it comes to how women and men get the best out of each other, never mind how to best integrate lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) communities...
2018: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923199/associations-of-short-sleep-duration-with-childhood-obesity-and-weight-gain-summary-of-a-presentation-to-the-national-academy-of-science-s-roundtable-on-obesity-solutions
#11
Tayla Ash, Elsie M Taveras
This article summarizes a presentation made in February 2017 as part of the National Academy of Sciences' Roundtable on Obesity Solutions webinar, "The Potential Role of Sleep in Obesity Prevention and Management: A Virtual Workshop." Briefly described are the patterns of childhood sleep duration in the United States, the state of the science relating insufficient sleep to overweight and obesity in infancy and early childhood, and the potential mechanisms for the association. Also discussed are intervention efforts to date...
October 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923034/an-implementation-science-protocol-of-the-women-s-health-coop-in-healthcare-settings-in-cape-town-south-africa-a-stepped-wedge-design
#12
Wendee M Wechsberg, Jacqueline W Ndirangu, Ilene S Speizer, William A Zule, Winnifred Gumula, Courtney Peasant, Felicia A Browne, Laura Dunlap
BACKGROUND: HIV persists as a public health emergency in South Africa, especially among women of childbearing age. In response to the HIV epidemic, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS has put forth the 90-90-90 global goals to achieve an AIDS-free generation by 2020. This goal aspires to have 90% of people living with HIV diagnosed; 90% of those who test positive on sustained antiretroviral therapy (ART); and 90% of those on ART be virally suppressed. Ensuring access to ART is an important first step in reducing HIV incidence, especially among vulnerable populations such as women who use substances and bear the burden of HIV in South Africa...
September 18, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922613/the-etiology-of-community-acquired-pneumonia-among-children-under-5%C3%A2-years-of-age-in-mainland-china-2001-2015-a-systematic-review
#13
Guijun Ning, Xuxia Wang, Dan Wu, Zundong Yin, Yixing Li, Huaqing Wang, Weizhong Yang
BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review was to examine the etiology of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) among Chinese children younger than 5 years and provide evidence for further cost-effectiveness analyses for vaccine development, diagnostic strategies and empirical treatments. METHODS: The literature review followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement. Data were obtained by searching PubMed, Embase, Web-of Science, and the Chinese databases Wanfang Data and China National Knowledge Infrastructure...
September 18, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922449/needle-syringe-programmes-and-opioid-substitution-therapy-for-preventing-hepatitis-c-transmission-in-people-who-inject-drugs
#14
REVIEW
Lucy Platt, Silvia Minozzi, Jennifer Reed, Peter Vickerman, Holly Hagan, Clare French, Ashly Jordan, Louisa Degenhardt, Vivian Hope, Sharon Hutchinson, Lisa Maher, Norah Palmateer, Avril Taylor, Julie Bruneau, Matthew Hickman
BACKGROUND: Needle syringe programmes and opioid substitution therapy for preventing hepatitis C transmission in people who inject drugsNeedle syringe programmes (NSP) and opioid substitution therapy (OST) are the primary interventions to reduce hepatitis C (HCV) transmission in people who inject drugs. There is good evidence for the effectiveness of NSP and OST in reducing injecting risk behaviour and increasing evidence for the effectiveness of OST and NSP in reducing HIV acquisition risk, but the evidence on the effectiveness of NSP and OST for preventing HCV acquisition is weak...
September 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921612/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-non-pharmacological-interventions-to-reduce-the-symptoms-of-mild-to-moderate-anxiety-in-pregnant-women
#15
REVIEW
Kerry Evans, C Jane Morrell, Helen Spiby
AIM: To assess the effectiveness of non-pharmacological interventions for pregnant women with symptoms of mild to moderate anxiety. BACKGROUND: Many pregnant women experience mild to moderate symptoms of anxiety and could benefit from additional support. Non-pharmacological interventions have been suggested for use during pregnancy. DESIGN: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials. DATA SOURCES: Randomised controlled trials published since 1990, identified from electronic databases: Medline; CINAHL; Maternity and Infant Care; PsycINFO; Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews; CENTRAL; EMBASE; Centre for Reviews and Dissemination; Social Sciences Citation Index; ASSIA; HTA Library; Joanna Briggs Institute Evidence-Based Practice database; Allied and Complementary Medicine...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919126/low-dose-ct-for-the-diagnosis-of-appendicitis-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-locat-a-pragmatic-multicentre-randomised-controlled-non-inferiority-trial
#16
Hyuk Jung Kim, Byeong Geon Jeon, Chong Kun Hong, Kye Won Kwon, Seung Bong Han, Soya Paik, Suk Ki Jang, Young Rock Ha, Young Sik Kim, Min Hee Lee, Boem Ha Yi, Eung Jin Shin, Hae Kyung Lee, Hee Kyung Kim, Ho Jung Kim, Jae Hyung Choi, Young Soon Cho, Min-Jeong Kim, Dong Kyu Kim, Ji-Young Choe, Kyueng-Whan Min, Man Sup Lim, Sang Ook Ha, Sang Woo Lim, Youdong Sohn, Young Hwan Lee, Ji Hoon Park, Bon Seung Gu, Hye Seung Lee, Jae Hyuk Lee, Ji Ye Sim, Joonghee Kim, Kyoung Ho Lee, Kyuseok Kim, Soyeon Ahn, Sung-Bum Kang, Yoon Jin Lee, You Hwan Jo, Young Hoon Kim, Yousun Ko, Seung Joon Choi, Bohyung Song, Byung Ho Goh, Chaesuk Lim, Chang Rae Kim, Cho Rong Seo, Eunbaeck Kim, Gio Han, Jae-Hyug Woo, Jinhyun Kim, Kyoungjin Min, Min-A Lee, Min Ju Jeong, Min Kyoung Lee, Yong Su Lim, Young Sup Shim, Sung Bin Park, Chan Woong Kim, Dong Hoon Lee, Seung Eun Lee, Sung Eun Kim, Yoo Shin Choi, Sung Eun Rha, Eun Sun Jung, Gun Hyung Na, Han Joon Kim, Han Mo Yoo, Hye Kyung Chang, Joon Il Choi, Kyu Nam Park, Michael Yong Park, Moon Hyung Choi, Sang Hoon Oh, Seung Eun Jung, Sohee Lee, Soo Ah Im, Soo Hyun Kim, Soon Nam Oh, Tae Ho Hong, Won-Kyung Kang, Young Joon Lee, Young Hwan Lee, Dong Baek Kang, Hyun Soo Han, Jeong Woo Choi, Ki-Jung Yoon, Yong Hwang, Seong Sook Hong, Eui Sung Hwang, Heajin Chung, Hye Young Jang, Jiyoung Hwang, Jun Bum Park, Kyung Yul Hur, Yoon Mi Jeen, Young Joo Lee, Young Shin Cho, Han Jin Cho, Inyoung Choi, Jong Hak Park, Jooyeong Kim, Suk Keu Yeom, Sung Woo Moon, Young Sik Kim, Mi Sung Kim, Dong Hyuk Shin, Heon-Ju Kwon, Pil Cho Choi, Sang Kuk Han, Ji Young Woo, Gu Hyun Kang, Han Myun Kim, Hyun Young Choi, Ik Yang, Jae Ho Jang, Jeong Won Kim, Sang Nam Yoon, Won Hee Kim, Yong Soo Jang, Mi-Suk Park, In Cheol Park, Jae Gil Lee, Min Joung Kim, Yong Eun Chung, Jongmee Lee, Baek-Hui Kim, Chang Hee Lee, Jung-Youn Kim, Sanghee Kang, Sung-Hyuk Choi, Yang Shin Park, Seong Whi Cho, Chan Woo Park, Gi Bong Chae, Taek Guen Ohk, Yong-Hwan Jeon, Nurhee Hong, Dae Han Wi, Jun Hee Lee, Jung Nam Kwon, Seok Youn Lee, Weon-Cheol Han, Young Cheol Song, Mi Jeong Kim, Jung Hyeok Kwon, Seoung Kyu Beak, Sung Jin Kim, Woo Ik Choi, Yu Na Kang, Cheong-Il Shin, Dong Ho Lee, Gyeong Hoon Kang, Ijin Joo, Jeong Hee Yoon, Ji Won Park, Kyu Joo Park, Sang Do Shin, Seung-Bum Ryoo, Seung-Yong Jeong, Su Joa Ahn, Tae Han Kim, Won Chang, Yoon-Hye Kwon, Sang Soo Shin, Hee Joon Kim, Ho Goon Kim, Yong Soo Cho, Yoo Duk Choi, Bong Soo Kim, Chang Lim Hyun, Guk Myung Choi, In Ho Jeong, Kyeong Won Kang, Seung Hyoung Kim, Woo Jeong Kim, Young Joon Kang, Kwang Pyo Kim
BACKGROUND: CT radiation is arguably carcinogenic. Results from single-centre studies, mostly retrospective, have advocated lowering the CT radiation dose for the diagnosis of appendicitis. However, adoption of low-dose CT has been slow. We aimed to assess the effectiveness of low-dose CT compared with standard-dose CT in the diagnosis of appendicitis in adolescents and young adults. METHODS: We did this pragmatic, multicentre, randomised controlled non-inferiority trial at 20 South Korean teaching hospitals with little experience with low-dose CT...
September 11, 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916932/informatics-for-nutritional-genetics-and-genomics
#17
Yuan Gao, Jiajia Chen
While traditional nutrition science is focusing on nourishing population, modern nutrition is aiming at benefiting individual people. The goal of modern nutritional research is to promote health, prevent diseases, and improve performance. With the development of modern technologies like bioinformatics, metabolomics, and molecular genetics, this goal is becoming more attainable. In this chapter, we will discuss the new concepts and technologies especially in informatics and molecular genetics and genomics, and how they have been implemented to change the nutrition science and lead to the emergence of new branches like nutrigenomics, nutrigenetics, and nutritional metabolomics...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915094/surgical-site-infections-after-tissue-flaps-performed-in-low-and-middle-human-development-index-countries-a-systematic-review
#18
Lawrence Z Cai, James Chang, Thomas G Weiser, Joseph D Forrester
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSIs) affect the safety of surgical care and are particularly problematic and prevalent in low and middle Human Development Index Countries (LMHDICs). METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the existing literature on SSIs after tissue flap procedures in LMHDICs through the PubMed, Ovid, and Web of Science databases. Of the 405 abstracts identified, 79 were selected for full text review, and 30 studies met inclusion criteria for analysis...
September 15, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914250/a-comparative-evaluation-of-retention-of-pit-and-fissure-sealant-bonded-using-sixth-seventh-and-eighth-generation-adhesives-an-in-vivo-study
#19
Mitakshra Nirwan, Anant Gopal Nigam, Nikhil Marwah, Ullal Anand Nayak, Aayushi Bansal, Manvendra Singh Gahlot
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries is one of the most common preventable childhood infections. a number of measures are available to prevent occlusal caries; pit and fissure sealants are one of the various methods currently available to cost effectively reduce dental caries. AIM: To evaluate the retention of pit and fissure sealant bonded using sixth (Adper promt), seventh (Optibond) and eighth (Futurabond Dual Cure) generations of adhesives. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A total of 37 healthy children who fulfilled the inclusion were randomly selected...
October 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906350/the-hundred-most-cited-publications-in-microbiota-of-diabetes-research-a-bibliometric-analysis
#20
Jiaxing Tian, Min Li, Fengmei Lian, Xiaolin Tong
BACKGROUND: Bibliometric analysis is an approach to evaluate the circumstances and trends in specific research field over time and to provide inspiration in future research and policy. Researches have a tremendous increase focus on the role of the microbiota in the development of diabetes in recent years; however, there is no published literature conducting a bibliometric analysis to explore the tendency. The aim of this study was to provide a detailed evaluation of the hundred most cited articles in microbiota of diabetes research...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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