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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791771/public-strategies-for-improving-ehealth-integration-and-long-term-sustainability-in-public-health-care-systems-findings-from-an-italian-case-study
#1
Sabina De Rosis, Sabina Nuti
eHealth is expected to contribute in tackling challenges for health care systems. However, it also imposes challenges. Financing strategies adopted at national as well regional levels widely affect eHealth long-term sustainability. In a public health care system, the public actor is among the main "buyers" eHealth. However, public interventions have been increasingly focused on cost containment. How to match these 2 aspects? This article explores some central issues, mainly related to financial aspects, in the development of effective and valuable eHealth strategies in a public health care system: How can the public health care system (as a "buyer") improve long-term success and sustainability of eHealth solutions? What levers are available to match in the long period different interests of different stakeholders in the eHealth field? A case study was performed in the Region of Tuscany, Italy...
August 8, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791281/orthodontic-treatment-completion-and-discontinuation-in-a-rural-sample-from-north-central-appalachia-in-the-usa
#2
Chris A Martin, Breana M Dieringer, Daniel W McNeil
BACKGROUND: Orthodontics has inherent demands, requiring regular appointments and active patient engagement, but relatively little is established in regard to rates of completion of treatment and possible factors affecting successful completion. These factors may be particularly important for cultural minority groups, such as those in rural Appalachia, given the environmental, social, and economic complexities affecting access to and utilization of treatment. DESIGN AND METHODS: A naturalistic study design was employed, using retrospective data from a rural outpatient general dental office in July 2012...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771775/outcomes-of-interventions-for-nurse-leaders-wellbeing-at-work-a-quantitative-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Arja Häggman-Laitila, Johanna Romppanen
AIM: To gather, assess and synthesise current research knowledge on interventions that aimed to improve nurse leaders' well-being at work. BACKGROUND: The research evidence on interventions for nurse leaders' well-being at work has been sporadic and there are a lack of evidence-based recommendations for effective interventions that inform practice, future studies and education. DESIGN: A quantitative systematic review, in accordance with the Cochrane Collaboration procedures and the reporting guidance in the PRISMA statement...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768056/scaling-and-sustaining-effective-early-childhood-programs-through-school-family-university-collaboration
#4
Arthur J Reynolds, Momoko Hayakawa, Suh-Ruu Ou, Christina F Mondi, Michelle M Englund, Allyson J Candee, Nicole E Smerillo
We describe the development, implementation, and evaluation of a comprehensive preschool to third grade prevention program for the goals of sustaining services at a large scale. The Midwest Child-Parent Center (CPC) Expansion is a multilevel collaborative school reform model designed to improve school achievement and parental involvement from ages 3 to 9. By increasing the dosage, coordination, and comprehensiveness of services, the program is expected to enhance the transition to school and promote more enduring effects on well-being in multiple domains...
August 2, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757334/successfully-reducing-hospitalizations-of-nursing-home-residents-results-of-the-missouri-quality-initiative
#5
Marilyn J Rantz, Lori Popejoy, Amy Vogelsmeier, Colleen Galambos, Greg Alexander, Marcia Flesner, Charles Crecelius, Bin Ge, Gregory Petroski
PURPOSE: The goals of the Missouri Quality Initiative (MOQI) for long-stay nursing home residents were to reduce the frequency of avoidable hospital admissions and readmissions, improve resident health outcomes, improve the process of transitioning between inpatient hospitals and nursing facilities, and reduce overall healthcare spending without restricting access to care or choice of providers. The MOQI was one of 7 program sites in the United States, with specific interventions unique to each site tested for the Centers for Medicaid and Medicare Services (CMS) Innovations Center...
July 27, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757115/there-is-no-defence-for-conscientious-objection-in-reproductive-health-care
#6
REVIEW
Christian Fiala, Joyce H Arthur
A widespread assumption has taken hold in the field of medicine that we must allow health care professionals the right to refuse treatment under the guise of 'conscientious objection' (CO), in particular for women seeking abortions. At the same time, it is widely recognized that the refusal to treat creates harm and barriers for patients receiving reproductive health care. In response, many recommendations have been put forward as solutions to limit those harms. Further, some researchers make a distinction between true CO and 'obstructionist CO', based on the motivations or actions of various objectors...
July 23, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754790/the-medicare-access-and-chip-reauthorization-act-implications-for-nephrology
#7
Eugene Lin, Thomas MaCurdy, Jay Bhattacharya
In response to rising Medicare costs, Congress passed the Medicare Access and Children's Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act in 2015. The law fundamentally changes the way that health care providers are reimbursed by implementing a pay for performance system that rewards providers for high-value health care. As of the beginning of 2017, providers will be evaluated on quality and in later years, cost as well. High-quality, cost-efficient providers will receive bonuses in reimbursement, and low-quality, expensive providers will be penalized financially...
July 28, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748493/cost-effectiveness-of-preimplantation-genetic-screening-for-women-older-than-37-undergoing-in-vitro-fertilization
#8
Stephen C Collins, Xiao Xu, Winifred Mak
PURPOSE: Adding preimplantation genetic screening to in vitro fertilization has been shown to increase live birth rate in women older than 37. However, preimplantation genetic screening is an expensive procedure. Information on the cost-effectiveness of preimplantation genetic screening can help inform clinical decision making. METHODS: We constructed a decision analytic model for a hypothetical fresh, autologous in vitro fertilization cycle (with versus without preimplantation genetic screening) for women older than age 37 who had a successful oocyte retrieval and development of at least one blastocyst...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748384/the-more-vivid-the-imagination-the-better-the-role-of-the-vividness-of-imagination-in-vasoconstriction-training-and-vasodilatation-training
#9
Julia E Graef, Winfried Rief, Yvonne Nestoriuc, Cornelia Weise
Blood volume pulse biofeedback represents an effective non-pharmacological treatment for migraine. However, the underlying mechanisms of blood volume pulse biofeedback are still unclear. This study investigated the influence of vividness of imagination, private body consciousness, perfectionism, and general self-efficacy on physiological (blood volume pulse amplitude) and psychological (session performance rated by participants and by trainers) success. Changes in skin conductance and skin temperature indicating habituation to training context were examined...
July 26, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746348/adolescent-values-for-immunisation-programs-in-australia-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#10
Bing Wang, Gang Chen, Julie Ratcliffe, Hossein Haji Ali Afzali, Lynne Giles, Helen Marshall
OBJECTIVES: The importance of adolescent engagement in health decisions and public health programs such as immunisation is becoming increasingly recognised. Understanding adolescent preferences and further identifying barriers and facilitators for immunisation acceptance is critical to the success of adolescent immunisation programs. This study applied a discrete choice experiment (DCE) to assess vaccination preferences in adolescents. METHODS: This study was conducted as a cross-sectional, national online survey in Australian adolescents...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740475/the-cognitive-information-effect-of-televised-news
#11
REVIEW
George Lăzăroiu, Aurel Pera, Ramona O Ştefănescu-Mihăilă, Sofia Bratu, Nela Mircică
The purpose of this review is to summarize the key findings which prove that the biased perceptions of viewers may provide an inaccurate image of the informational validity of televised news. The news may generate distorted recollections of what occurred in particular reported events if displayed routines influence viewers not to pay attention to the essential features of a narrative. Elaborating on Fiske and Hartley (2010), Zelizer (2010), and Gunter (2015), we indicate that the character of the news setting has altered and individuals' news consumption routines have changed in adapting to media advancements...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738821/quality-improvement-implementation-and-dissemination-strategies-to-improve-mental-health-care-for-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Valerie L Forman-Hoffman, Jennifer Cook Middleton, Joni L McKeeman, Leyla F Stambaugh, Robert B Christian, Bradley N Gaynes, Heather Lynne Kane, Leila C Kahwati, Kathleen N Lohr, Meera Viswanathan
BACKGROUND: Some outcomes for children with mental health problems remain suboptimal because of poor access to care and the failure of systems and providers to adopt established quality improvement strategies and interventions with proven effectiveness. This review had three goals: (1) assess the effectiveness of quality improvement, implementation, and dissemination strategies intended to improve the mental health care of children and adolescents; (2) examine harms associated with these strategies; and (3) determine whether effectiveness or harms differ for subgroups based on system, organizational, practitioner, or patient characteristics...
July 24, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736507/national-mortality-burden-due-to-communicable-non-communicable-and-other-diseases-in-ethiopia-1990-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#13
Awoke Misganaw, Tilahun N Haregu, Kebede Deribe, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Amare Deribew, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Azmeraw T Amare, Semaw Ferede Abera, Molla Gedefaw, Muluken Dessalegn, Yihunie Lakew, Tolesa Bekele, Mesoud Mohammed, Biruck Desalegn Yirsaw, Solomon Abrha Damtew, Kristopher J Krohn, Tom Achoki, Jed Blore, Yibeltal Assefa, Mohsen Naghavi
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia lacks a complete vital registration system that would assist in measuring disease burden and risk factors. We used the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015) estimates to describe the mortality burden from communicable, non-communicable, and other diseases in Ethiopia over the last 25 years. METHODS: GBD 2015 mainly used cause of death ensemble modeling to measure causes of death by age, sex, and year for 195 countries...
2017: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732536/national-mortality-burden-due-to-communicable-non-communicable-and-other-diseases-in-ethiopia-1990-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#14
Awoke Misganaw, Tilahun N Haregu, Kebede Deribe, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Amare Deribew, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Azmeraw T Amare, Semaw Ferede Abera, Molla Gedefaw, Muluken Dessalegn, Yihunie Lakew, Tolesa Bekele, Mesoud Mohammed, Biruck Desalegn Yirsaw, Solomon Abrha Damtew, Kristopher J Krohn, Tom Achoki, Jed Blore, Yibeltal Assefa, Mohsen Naghavi
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia lacks a complete vital registration system that would assist in measuring disease burden and risk factors. We used the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015) estimates to describe the mortality burden from communicable, non-communicable, and other diseases in Ethiopia over the last 25 years. METHODS: GBD 2015 mainly used cause of death ensemble modeling to measure causes of death by age, sex, and year for 195 countries...
July 21, 2017: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730080/old-canalicular-laceration-repair-a-retrospective-study-of-the-curative-effects-and-prognostic-factors
#15
Fang Bai, Hai Tao, Yan Zhang, Peng Wang, Cui Han, Yi-Fei Huang, Ye Tao
AIM: To investigate the epidemiology and surgical outcomes of old canalicular laceration and analyze the variables impacting on the prognosis of reparation. METHODS: A retrospective review of all old canalicular laceration repairs from Jan. 1, 2008 to Dec. 30, 2015 was performed. Analyzed data included demographics, mechanisms of injury, the time from injury to repair, causes for delayed repair, old associated injuries, the types of surgery, and the effects of repair using canaliculus anastomosis combined with bicanalicular stent intubation...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714808/-it-was-hard-work-every-session-therapists-view-of-successful-psychoanalytic-treatments
#16
Andrzej Werbart, Peter Missios, Fredrik Waldenström, Peter Lilliengren
OBJECTIVE: To explore therapists' experiences of the therapeutic process in successful cases of psychoanalytic psychotherapy. METHOD: A two-stage, mixed-method design was used. Sixteen successful cases were drawn from a sample of 92 young adults in psychoanalytic psychotherapy according to Jacobson's criteria for reliable and clinically significant improvement. Therapist interviews at baseline and termination were analyzed applying Inductive Thematic Analysis. RESULTS: Three core themes emerged: Being Particularly Motivated to be This Patient's Therapist, Maintaining a Safe and Attentive Therapeutic Position, and Assiduous Work Every Session...
July 17, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705211/streptococcal-toxic-shock-syndrome-due-to-streptococcus-dysgalactiae-subspecies-equisimilis-in-breast-cancer-related-lymphedema-a-case-report
#17
Makoto Sumazaki, Fumi Saito, Hideaki Ogata, Miho Yoshida, Yorichika Kubota, Syunsuke Magoshi, Hironori Kaneko
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer-related lymphedema often causes cellulitis and is one of the most common complications after breast cancer surgery. Streptococci are the major pathogens underlying such cellulitis. Among the streptococci, the importance of the Lancefield groups C and G is underappreciated; most cases involve Streptococcus dysgalactiae subspecies equisimilis. Despite having a relatively weak toxicity compared with group A streptococci, Streptococcus dysgalactiae subspecies equisimilis is associated with a mortality rate that is as high as that of group A streptococci in cases of invasive infection because Streptococcus dysgalactiae subspecies equisimilis mainly affects elderly individuals who already have various comorbidities...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701208/expanding-co-payment-for-methadone-maintenance-services-in-vietnam-the-importance-of-addressing-health-and-socioeconomic-inequalities
#18
Bach Xuan Tran, Quyen Le Nguyen, Long Hoang Nguyen, Huong Thu Thi Phan, Huong Thi Le, Tho Dinh Tran, Thuc Thi Minh Vu, Carl A Latkin
BACKGROUND: Ensuring high enrollment while mobilizing resources through co-payment services is critical to the success of the methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) program in Vietnam. This study assessed the willingness of patients to pay (WTP) for different MMT services delivery models and determined its associated factors. METHODS: A facility based survey was conducted among 1016 MMT patients (98.7% male, 42% aged 35 or less, and 67% living with spouse) in five MMT clinics in Hanoi and Nam Dinh province in 2013...
July 12, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699562/which-green-way-description-of-the-intervention-for-mobilising-against-aedes-aegypti-under-difficult-security-conditions-in-southern-mexico
#19
REVIEW
Arcadio Morales-Perez, Elizabeth Nava-Aguilera, José Legorreta-Soberanis, Sergio Paredes-Solís, Alejandro Balanzar-Martínez, Felipe René Serrano-de Los Santos, Claudia Erika Ríos-Rivera, Jaime García-Leyva, Robert J Ledogar, Anne Cockcroft, Neil Andersson
BACKGROUND: Community mobilisation for prevention requires engagement with and buy in from those communities. In the Mexico state of Guerrero, unprecedented social violence related to the narcotics trade has eroded most community structures. A recent randomised controlled trial in 90 coastal communities achieved sufficient mobilisation to reduce conventional vector density indicators, self-reported dengue illness and serologically proved dengue virus infection. METHODS: The Camino Verde intervention was a participatory research protocol promoting local discussion of baseline evidence and co-design of vector control solutions...
May 30, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679930/plagiarism-detection-by-online-solutions
#20
Izet Masic, Edin Begic, Amra Dobraca
The problem of plagiarism represents one of the burning issues of the modern scientific world. Detection of plagiarism is a problem that the Editorial Board encounters in their daily work. Software solutions represent a good solution for the detection of plagiarism. The problem of plagiarism will become most discussed topic of the modern scientific world, especially due to the development of standard measures, which rank the work of one author. Investment in education, education of young research personnel about the importance of scientific research, with paying particular attention on ethical behavior, becomes an imperative of academic staff...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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