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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622872/processes-of-local-alcohol-policy-making-in-england-does-the-theory-of-policy-transfer-provide-useful-insights-into-public-health-decision-making
#1
Lucy Gavens, John Holmes, Penny Buykx, Frank de Vocht, Matt Egan, Daniel Grace, Karen Lock, John D Mooney, Alan Brennan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Recent years have seen a rise in new and innovative policies to reduce alcohol consumption and related harm in England, which can be implemented by local, as opposed to national, policy-makers. The aim of this paper is to explore the processes that underpin the adoption of these alcohol policies within local authorities. In particular, it aims to assess whether the concept of policy transfer (i.e. a process through which knowledge about policies in one place is used in the development of policies in another time or place) provides a useful model for understanding local alcohol policy-making...
June 13, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616418/researcher-s-experiences-about-their-publication-in-isi-journals-a-qualitative-study-in-isfahan-university-of-medical-sciences
#2
Rasool Nouri, Mahmoud Keyvanara, Rezvan Ojaghi, Anasic Lalazarian, Urfa Hovsepian
BACKGROUND: As one of the indicators of actual growth and scientific development capacity of countries, the importance of the research is steadily increasing. Knowing that success depends on the work done by researchers so identified identify these barriers and pave the way for one of the concerned authorities of their research. METHODS: This qualitative study using analysis of the theme. Semi-structured interviews were used to collect the data. Participants include people who are experienced and knowledgeable in the field...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615365/a-decade-of-gwas-results-in-lung-cancer
#3
Yohan Bossé, Christopher I Amos
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) were successful to identify genetic factors robustly associated with lung cancer. This review aims to synthesize the literature in this field and accelerate the translation of GWAS discoveries into results that are closer to clinical applications. A chronological presentation of published GWAS on lung cancer susceptibility, survival and response to treatment is presented. The most important results are tabulated to provide a concise overview in one read. GWAS have reported 45 lung cancer susceptibility loci with varying strength of evidence and highlighted suspected causal genes at each locus...
June 14, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610840/measuring-and-managing-health-system-performance-an-update-from-new-zealand
#4
Linda Maree Chalmers, Toni Ashton, Tim Tenbensel
In July 2016, New Zealand introduced a new approach to measuring and monitoring health system performance. This 'Systems Level Measure Framework' (SLMF) has evolved from the Integrated Performance and Incentive Framework (IPIF) previously reported in this journal. The SLMF is designed to stimulate a 'whole of system' approach that requires inter-organisational collaboration. Local 'Alliances' between government and non-government health sector organisations are responsible for planning and achieving improved health system outcomes such as reducing ambulatory sensitive hospitalisation for young children, and reducing acute hospital bed days...
June 2, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597864/motivating-and-demotivating-factors-for-community-health-workers-a-qualitative-study-in-urban-slums-of-delhi-india
#5
Mathew Sunil George, Shradha Pant, Niveditha Devasenapathy, Suparna Ghosh-Jerath, Sanjay P Zodpey
Background Community health workers play an important role in delivering health-care services, especially to underserved populations in low- and middle-income countries. They have been shown to be successful in providing a range of preventive, promotive and curative services. This qualitative study investigated the factors motivating or demotivating community health workers in urban settings in Delhi, India. Methods In this sub-study of the ANCHUL (Ante Natal and Child Healthcare in Urban Slums) implementation research project, four focus-group discussions and nine in-depth interviews were conducted with community health workers and medical officers...
April 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592681/pay-off-biased-social-learning-underlies-the-diffusion-of-novel-extractive-foraging-traditions-in-a-wild-primate
#6
Brendan J Barrett, Richard L McElreath, Susan E Perry
The type and variety of learning strategies used by individuals to acquire behaviours in the wild are poorly understood, despite the presence of behavioural traditions in diverse taxa. Social learning strategies such as conformity can be broadly adaptive, but may also retard the spread of adaptive innovations. Strategies like pay-off-biased learning, by contrast, are effective at diffusing new behaviour but may perform poorly when adaptive behaviour is common. We present a field experiment in a wild primate, Cebus capucinus, that introduced a novel food item and documented the innovation and diffusion of successful extraction techniques...
June 14, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588834/successful-bailout-stenting-strategy-against-lethal-coronary-dissection-involving-left-main-bifurcation
#7
Hiroshi Kubota, Tetsuya Nomura, Yusuke Hori, Kenichi Yoshioka, Daisuke Miyawaki, Ryota Urata, Takeshi Sugimoto, Masakazu Kikai, Natsuya Keira, Tetsuya Tatsumi
Catheter-induced coronary dissection involving left main bifurcation is a rare complication during cardiac catheterization but can become lethal unless it is treated appropriately. Interventional cardiologists always have to pay attention to the risk of complications related to cardiac catheterization and prepare for determining the best bailout strategy for the situation.
June 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583973/solving-disparities-through-payment-and-delivery-system-reform-a-program-to-achieve-health-equity
#8
Rachel H DeMeester, Lucy J Xu, Robert S Nocon, Scott C Cook, Andrea M Ducas, Marshall H Chin
Payment systems generally do not directly encourage or support the reduction of health disparities. In 2013 the Finding Answers: Solving Disparities through Payment and Delivery System Reform program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation sought to understand how alternative payment models might intentionally incorporate a disparities-reduction component to promote health equity. A qualitative analysis of forty proposals to the program revealed that applicants generally did not link payment reform tightly to disparities reduction...
June 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560201/a-comparative-study-on-willingness-to-pay-for-breast-cancer-and-osteoporosis-screening-in-kerman-southeastern-iran
#9
Asma Sabermahani, Sedighe Mohammad Taghizade, Reza Goodarzi
BACKGROUND: One of the economic evaluation techniques involves calculation of willingness to pay (WTP) for a service to find out the value of that service from the clients' perspective. This study estimated WTP for both breast cancer and osteoporosis screening and comparatively examined the contributing factors. In fact, the comparisons served to provide an exact analysis of individual attitudes and behaviors in relation to screening programs for cancers and other diseases. METHODS: This study was first designed in six scenarios several questionnaires concerning individual breast cancer and osteoporosis screening cases, and determined the WTP median in each scenario between people in Kerman Province of Iran in 2016...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555458/-process-based-approach-neuropsychological-assessment-review-of-the-evidence-and-proposal-for-improvement-of-dementia-screening-tools
#10
REVIEW
U Diaz-Orueta, A Blanco-Campal, T Burke
A detailed neuropsychological assessment plays an important role in the diagnostic process of mild cognitive impairment. However, available brief cognitive screening tests for this clinical population are administered and interpreted based mainly, or exclusively, on total achievement scores. This score based approach can lead to erroneous clinical interpretations unless we also pay attention to the test taking behaviour or to the type of errors committed during the test performance. The goals of the current review are to present the grounds for the process-based approach to neuropsychological assessment, to offer a brief review of the evidence obtained so far regarding its usefulness, and to show the results of a systematic review of existing screening and neuropsychological assessment tools, some of which were already created and/or modified using this approach, and others that may benefit in their screening properties if they underwent modifications according to a process-based approach...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546083/mechanisms-of-tolerance-and-potential-therapeutic-interventions-in-alopecia-areata
#11
REVIEW
Gabriel Skogberg, Sonya Jackson, Annika Åstrand
This review aims to address the mechanisms of compromised immune tolerance contributing to the development and maintenance of Alopecia Areata (AA). Our goal is to also highlight future treatment opportunities and therapeutics that will safely and efficiently restore hair growth and maintain patients in remission. AA is a presumptive autoimmune disorder that coincides and genetically clusters to several other autoimmune diseases. In this review, we pay attention to the learnings from the mechanistic research and drug development in these other autoimmune conditions...
May 22, 2017: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536769/an-honest-day-s-work-pay-for-performance-in-a-pediatric-radiology-department
#12
REVIEW
George S Bisset
Compensation models in radiology take a variety of forms, but regardless of practice type, successful models must reward productivity, be simple, and epitomize fairness. The ideal model should also be flexible enough to transition, based upon the changing strategic goals of a department. The plan should be constructed around rewarding the behaviors that the organization values. In this minisymposium article the author presents the value of different types of compensation plans and discusses advantages and disadvantages...
June 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488601/1892-and-the-tribulations-of-joseph-babinski
#13
Kalyan B Bhattacharyya
In the early 1880s, Joseph Babinski was appointed as Chef de Clinique under Jean-Martin Charcot at Salpétrière, Paris, in France. He appeared for the post of Professeur Agrégé, the pinnacle of academic distinction in France in 1892. Charles Bouchard, the earliest pupil of Charcot, who described the Charcot-Bouchard aneurysm along with his master, was the Chief of the Board of Jury. Charcot and Bouchard did not see eye to eye in the later period, and when German Sée, an external examiner did not join the board of examiners following illness, Bouchard, instead of seeking the assistance of an alternate examiner, employed the special right of Vote of Absence...
May 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482387/-the-limitation-of-transthoracic-echocardiography-in-diagnosing-partial-anomalous-pulmonary-venous-drainage
#14
J Zhang, Y Gao, J L Yang, W D Chen, G Y Huang, X J Ma
Objective: To improve the diagnostic accuracy of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) by analyzing its limitations in diagnosing partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage (PAPVD). Method: This was a retrospective analysis of PAPVD patients seen at the Children's Hospital of Fudan University from October 1 2006 to October 1 2016. The echocardiographic data were compared to findings on multi-slice spiral CT (MSCT), cardiac catheterization or surgery. The echocardiography machines used were Philip IE33, GE Vivid 7 and Vivid i with frequency ranging from 5...
May 4, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476182/assessing-reproductive-choices-of-women-and-the-likelihood-of-oocyte-cryopreservation-in-the-era-of-elective-oocyte-freezing
#15
Lauren W Milman, Suneeta Senapati, Mary D Sammel, Katherine D Cameron, Clarisa Gracia
OBJECTIVE: To assess reproductive choices of reproductive-age women in the United States and factors that influence consideration of elective egg freezing (EF). DESIGN: Cross-sectional internet-based survey. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENTS: One thousand women aged 21-45 years. INTERVENTION(S): An anonymous 63-item self-administered questionnaire was distributed to a representative cross-section of women aged 21-45 years, stratified by age <35 years...
May 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468318/individuals-acceptance-to-free-floating-electric-carsharing-mode-a-web-based-survey-in-china
#16
Yun Wang, Xuedong Yan, Yu Zhou, Qingwan Xue, Li Sun
Carsharing is growing rapidly in popularity worldwide. When the vehicles involved are Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV), carsharing has been proven to remarkably contribute to easing energy and environment crises. In this study, individuals' acceptance to carsharing in China was measured from three aspects: carsharing mode choice behavior, highest acceptable price to use carsharing, and willingness to forgo car purchases. The data were collected by a web-based survey. The hierarchical tree-based regression (HTBR) method was applied to explore the effects of potential influencing factors on individuals' acceptance, and some interesting findings were obtained: participants who know about carsharing were more likely to use carsharing, pay higher prices and forgo car purchases; the most competitive trip purpose and trip distance for choosing carsharing were, respectively, business activities and 11-20 km; most participants (47...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467730/combination-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-pulmonary-mold-infections
#17
Matthew William McCarthy, Vidmantas Petraitis, Thomas J Walsh
Pulmonary mold infections are caused by ubiquitous organisms found in soil, water, and decaying vegetation, including Aspergillus spp., the Mucormycetes, hyaline molds, and dematiaceous (black) molds. Areas covered: These infections are often a challenge to diagnose and even more difficult to treat. Recently, antifungal combination therapy has emerged as a promising strategy to treat some forms of invasive mycoses, including pulmonary mold infections. Historically, this approach has been limited due to non-uniform interpretation criteria, variations in pharmacodynamic/pharmacokinetic properties of antifungals used in combination, and an inability to predict clinical success based on in vitro data and animal models...
May 9, 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467002/the-use-of-imatinib-resistance-mutation-analysis-to-direct-therapy-in-philadelphia-chromosome-bcr-abl1-positive-chronic-myeloid-leukaemia-patients-failing-imatinib-treatment-in-patan-hospital-nepal
#18
REVIEW
Gyan K Kayastha, Nora Ranjitkar, Radha Gurung, Raj Kumar Kc, Sanjit Karki, Roshan Shrestha, Piyush Rajbhandari, Raj K Thapa, Buddhi Poudyal, Paras Acharya, David J Roberts, Bruce Hayes, Mark Zimmerman, Buddha Basnyat
Philadelphia chromosome/BCR-ABL1 positive chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) can be successfully treated with Glivec (Imatinib), which is available free of cost through the Glivec International Patient Assistance programme (GIPAP) to patients with proven CML without means to pay for the drug. We review the acquired mutations in the tyrosine kinase encoded by the BCR-ABL1 gene underlying Glivec failure or resistance in a cohort of 388 imatinib-treated CML patients (149 Female and 239 male) registered between February 2003 and June 2016 in Nepal...
June 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452871/paying-it-forward-four-year-analysis-of-the-eastern-association-for-the-surgery-of-trauma-mentoring-program
#19
Tanya L Zakrison, Travis M Polk, Rachel Dixon, Akpofure P Ekeh, Kirby R Gross, Kimberly A Davis, Stanley J Kurek, Nicole A Stassen, Mayur B Patel
BACKGROUND: Mentorship programs in surgery are used to overcome barriers to clinical and academic productivity, research success, and work-life balance. We sought to determine if the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma (EAST) Mentoring Program has met its goals of fostering academic and personal growth in young acute care surgeons. METHODS: We conducted a systematic program evaluation of EAST Mentoring Program's first 4 years. Demographic information was collected from EAST records, mentorship program applications, and mentee-mentor career development plans...
July 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447058/development-of-lymph-node-dissection-in-laparoscopic-gastrectomy-safety-and-technical-tips
#20
REVIEW
Ru-Hong Tu, Ping Li, Jian-Wei Xie, Jia-Bin Wang, Jian-Xian Lin, Jun Lu, Qi-Yue Chen, Long-Long Cao, Mi Lin, Chang-Ming Huang, Chao-Hui Zheng
With the accumulation of experience in laparoscopic radical gastrectomy and the progress in surgical instruments, the laparoscopic technique has been widely applied in gastric cancer. Combining previous reports with data from our center, we believe that laparoscopic surgery for gastric cancer is safe and feasible, and its surgery-related complications have an incidence that is not higher, and perhaps even lower, than that of traditional laparotomy. However, the stomach has many anatomical levels and an abundant blood supply; additionally, laparoscopic surgery is relatively difficult...
2017: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
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