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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533885/-occupational-asthma-compensation-in-the-tunisian-center-cross-sectional-study-over-a-period-of-eight-years
#1
Amira Omrane, Awatef Kreim, Mohamed Adnène Henchi, Selma Kammoun, Leila Bessadi, Charfeddine Amri, Taoufik Khalfallh, Lamia Bouzgarrou
INTRODUCTION: Our study aimed to highlight the epidemiological profile of patients compensated for occupational asthma in the Tunisian Center, to identify their professional characteristics and to determine compensation practices for this occupational disease. METHODS: We conducted an exhaustive retrospective study over a period of eight years. This case study included workers with occupational asthma diagnosed and compensated in the Tunisian Center by the only two medical commissions empowered to set rates for permanent partial disability caused by either a work-related injury or an occupational diseases in the seven central governorates...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532533/glycaemic-index-and-glycaemic-load-values-of-commonly-consumed-foods-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#2
Ayesha S Al Dhaheri, C Jeyakumar K Henry, Maysm N Mohamad, Eric O Ohuma, Leila Cheikh Ismail, Fatima T Al Meqbaali, Amjad H Jarrar
Glycaemic index (GI) and glycaemic load (GL) values of some commonly consumed foods in the United Arab Emirates were determined with an aim of adding these values to the existing international table of GI and GL values. In all, eighteen test foods categorised into breads (n 5), entrée dishes (n 3), main dishes (n 5) and sweet dishes (n 5) were tested. For each test food, at least fifteen healthy participants consumed 25 or 50 g available carbohydrate portions of a reference food (glucose), which was tested three times, and a test food after an overnight fast, was tested once, on separate occasions...
May 23, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530149/a-technology-roadmap-of-smart-biosensors-from-conventional-glucose-monitoring-systems
#3
Pravin Shende, Pratiksha Sahu, Ram Gaud
The objective of this review article is to focus on technology roadmap of smart biosensors from a conventional glucose monitoring system. The estimation of glucose with commercially available devices involves analysis of blood samples that are obtained by pricking finger or extracting blood from the forearm. Since pain and discomfort are associated with invasive methods, the non-invasive measurement techniques have been investigated. The non-invasive methods show advantages like non-exposure to sharp objects such as needles and syringes, due to which there is an increase in testing frequency, improved control of glucose concentration and absence of pain and biohazard materials...
June 2017: Therapeutic Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525444/cardiovascular-disease-risk-profile-and-readiness-to-change-in-blue-and-white-collar-workers
#4
Kerith D Aginsky, Demitri Constantinou, Maretha Delport, Estelle D Watson
This study provides a health and risk profile of blue- (BCWs) and white-collar workers (WCWs). Health screening data (n = 603; age 38.2 ± 9.7 years) included cholesterol and glucose finger-prick test, blood pressure, body mass index, and self-reported stress levels and readiness to change. Blue-collar workers were significantly older and had higher blood pressure readings and were more likely to develop hypertension (odds ratio [OR]: 1.72; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.05-2.81; P = .03), but less likely to present with hypercholesterolemia (OR: 0...
July 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514997/the-prevalence-of-food-allergy-and-other-allergic-diseases-in-early-childhood-in-a-population-based-study-healthnuts-age-4-year-follow-up
#5
Rachel L Peters, Jennifer J Koplin, Lyle C Gurrin, Shyamali C Dharmage, Melissa Wake, Anne-Louise Ponsonby, Mimi L K Tang, Adrian J Lowe, Melanie Matheson, Terence Dwyer, Katrina J Allen
BACKGROUND: The HealthNuts study previously reported interim prevalence data showing the highest prevalence of challenge-confirmed food allergy in infants internationally. However, population-derived prevalence data on challenge-confirmed food allergy and other allergic diseases in preschool-aged children remain sparse. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to report the updated prevalence of food allergy at age 1 year from the whole cohort, and to report the prevalence of food allergy, asthma, eczema, and allergic rhinitis at age 4 years...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512370/occupational-contact-allergy-to-omeprazole-and-ranitidine
#6
Inmaculada Herrera-Mozo, Pere Sanz-Gallen, Gabriel Martí-Amengual
Omeprazole is a proton pump inhibition and ranitidine is an H2 histamine receptor antagonist widely used in the treatment of gastroesophageal reflex disease, peptic ulcer disease, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome and as a protector of the gastric mucosae. We report a case of occupational contact allergy to omeprazole and ranitidine. A 48-year-old man, with no pre-existing history of atopy or lifestyle factors. He neither had any medical history of consumption of drugs such as ranitidine and omeprazole. He worked for 19 months in the pharmaceutical company that manufactured ranitidine base...
May 16, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501827/a-confirmed-case-of-sugammadex-induced-anaphylaxis-in-a-uk-hospital
#7
Robert O'Donnell, Jack Hammond, Sam Soltanifar
We report the first published case of confirmed anaphylaxis to sugammadex in a UK hospital. The patient was given a bolus of sugammadex at the end of surgery. Four minutes later, he developed hypotension and a widespread erythematous rash. Multiple epinephrine boluses were administered and a continuous intravenous infusion of epinephrine commenced. The patient later reported auditory awareness, which occurred while the diagnosis of anaphylaxis was being made and initial treatment initiated. Serial serum tryptase levels were consistent with a type I hypersensitivity reaction...
May 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497673/body-mass-index-and-skin-reactivity-to-histamine-and-dermatophagoides-pteronyssinus-in-children-and-adolescents-followed-in-a-pediatric-allergy-service
#8
A Keller Franco, R Oselka Sarni, M Carvalho Mallozi, D Solé
Rationale. Recent data suggest that the nutritional status assessed by body mass index (BMI) is positively associated with skin reactivity to histamine in children. Objective. To study the relation between BMI and skin reactivity to histamine and Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus in allergic children and adolescents. Methods. The medical charts of patients attended in our outpatient clinic between 2013 and 2014 (n = 972) were evaluated. Only patients with asthma, allergic rhinitis or wheezing infants sensitized to at least one aeroallergen were selected: a total of 626 patients (6 months to 19 year-olds; 60...
May 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497672/allergic-and-nonallergic-rhinitis-and-skin-sensitization-to-metals-is-there-a-link
#9
M Gelardi, R Guarino, S Taliente, N Quaranta, A Carpentieri, G Passalacqua
Background. Chromium, Cobalt and Nickel are responsible for contact dermatitis, that is largely prevalent in the general population. They can act also as irritants in the upper and lower respiratory airways. Also rhinitis (allergic and nonallergic) is a high prevalence disorder. Both diseases could share some common inflammatory mechanisms, but the clinical association between skin sensitization to metals and rhinitis was never studied. Objective. We assessed the presence of skin sensitization to metals in subjects with rhinitis...
May 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490893/sesame-allergy-current-perspectives
#10
REVIEW
Adil Adatia, Ann Elaine Clarke, Yarden Yanishevsky, Moshe Ben-Shoshan
Sesame is an important global allergen affecting ~0.1% of the North American population. It is a major cause of anaphylaxis in the Middle East and is the third most common food allergen in Israel. We conducted a systematic review of original articles published in the last 10 years regarding the diagnosis and management of sesame allergy. Skin prick testing appears to be a useful predictor of sesame allergy in infants, although data are less consistent in older children and adults. The diagnostic capacity of serum-specific immunoglobulin E is poor, especially in studies that used oral food challenges to confirm the diagnosis...
2017: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490400/association-of-pediatric-allergic-rhinitis-with-the-ratings-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#11
Bohai Feng, Haiyong Jin, Haijie Xiang, Bangliang Li, Xiuxiu Zheng, Ruru Chen, Yunbin Shi, Si Chen, Bobei Chen
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is currently the most prevalent allergic disease in children and adolescents. OBJECTIVE: Surveys conducted by population-based studies of East Asia revealed an increased prevalence of behavioral disorders in patients with AR. Thus, in this study, we explored the prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in pediatric patients with AR. METHODS: A total of 333 children (6-12 years of age) with AR and a total of 322 age-matched controls were included in this study...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489659/relationship-between-the-quantity-of-nerve-exposure-during-bilateral-sagittal-split-osteotomy-surgery-and-sensitive-recovery
#12
Paolo Gennaro, Maria Elisa Giovannoni, Niccolò Pini, Ikenna Valentine Aboh, Guido Gabriele, Giorgio Iannetti, Flavia Cascino
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate how different exposures of the V3 nerves during orthognathic surgery impact neurosensory disturbances. METHODS: The study included 127 patients who underwent either bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) or BSSO with maxillary le Fort 1. They were divided into 6 groups, identified by the quantity of V3 nerve exposure. All patients were examined in a pre-op period and again after 1, 3, 6 months post-op...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487843/anaphylaxis-following-intralesional-triamcinolone-acetonide-kenacort-injection
#13
Wannada Laisuan, Chamard Wongsa, Nizchapha Dchapaphapeaktak, Malinee Tongdee, Jidapa Chatmapanrangsee, Ticha Rerkpattanapipat
Intralesional triamcinolone acetonide injection is indicated for multiple skin conditions such as keloid scars, alopecia areata, and hypertrophic lichen planus. Immediate hypersensitivity reaction remains uncommon. We report on a 24-year-old woman who had received multiple intralesional injections with triamcinolone acetonide (Kenacort) plus lidocaine for keloid scar treatment without any reaction for the previous 10 years. The immediate reaction occurred 15 minutes after injection, with numbness on her face and 5 minutes later with urticaria on her chest wall and upper extremities, together with hypotension (blood pressure of 90/60 mmHg)...
April 2017: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482832/factors-associated-with-malaria-parasitaemia-among-children-under-5%C3%A2-years-in-uganda-a-secondary-data-analysis-of-the-2014-malaria-indicator-survey-dataset
#14
Humphrey Wanzira, Henry Katamba, Allen Eva Okullo, Bosco Agaba, Mathias Kasule, Denis Rubahika
BACKGROUND: In the midst of success with malaria reduction in Uganda, there are areas that still have high prevalence of malaria parasitaemia. This project aimed at investigating factors associated with this prevalence and its relationship with anaemia. METHODS: This is a secondary data analysis of the 2014 Malaria Indicator Survey dataset of children under 5 years. All had a blood sample taken by finger or heel prick for determination of malaria parasitaemia and estimation of haemoglobin level for anaemia status...
May 8, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482010/study-toward-resolving-the-controversy-over-the-definition-of-allergic-fungal-rhinosinusitis
#15
Aleksandra Barac, Goran Stevanovic, Marina Pekmezovic, Zoran Rakocevic, Rajica Stosovic, Boban Erovic, Vesna Tomic Spiric
Dysbiosis of the microbiome on the airway mucosa leads to the development of chronic inflammatory and allergic disorders. The aim of this study was to consider the potential diagnostic criteria for allergic fungal rhinosinusitis (AFRS) and nonallergic fungal rhinosinusitis (FRS), and the role of fungal presence in an environment for the development of AFRS. In this study, 136 patients were divided into two groups: patients with positive specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) and fungal finding (AFRS group), and patients with negative sIgE and positive fungal finding (FRS group)...
May 6, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480649/regional-difference-of-causative-pollen-in-children-with-allergic-rhinitis
#16
Myongsoon Sung, Sung Won Kim, Jeong Hee Kim, Dae Hyun Lim
The aim of this study was to investigate role of common pollen in Korean school-aged children with allergic rhinitis (AR) in 5 provinces (Incheon Metropolitan City-Gyeonggi Province, Chungcheongbuk-do, Gwangju Metropolitan City, Busan Metropolitan City, and Jeju Special Self-Governing Province), using a questionnaire and skin prick test, and to assess the differences among the residential regions. Among the enrolled 14,678 total children, 1,641 (22.0%) had AR. The sensitization rate to pollen (38.7%) was the second highest among examined allergens and significant differences were in the sensitization rates to trees, weeds, and grasses among the 5 provinces (P < 0...
June 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479284/skin-prick-test-is-more-useful-than-specific-ige-for-diagnosis-of-buckwheat-allergy-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#17
Noriyuki Yanagida, Sakura Sato, Kyohei Takahashi, Ken-Ichi Nagakura, Kiyotake Ogura, Tomoyuki Asaumi, Motohiro Ebisawa
BACKGROUND: Buckwheat (BW) is a potentially life-threatening allergen. Usefulness of BW-specific immunoglobulin-E (BW-sIgE) level for diagnosis of BW allergy is controversial, while the skin prick test (SPT) is widely used because of its less invasive procedure and immediate results. However, there are no data comparing usefulness of the SPT and BW-sIgE level. Therefore, our study aimed to clarify efficacy of the SPT for diagnosis of BW allergy. METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study evaluated patients who underwent an oral food challenge (OFC) for diagnosis or confirmation of acquired tolerance using 3072 mg of BW protein between July 2006 and April 2014...
May 4, 2017: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465037/is-there-any-difference-regarding-atopy-between-children-with-familial-mediterranean-fever-and-healthy-controls
#18
Ç Aydoğmuş, N A Ayaz, M Çakan, F Çipe, N Topal, Ö B Öner, G Keskindemirci, A Akçay
INTRODUCTION: There are only a few studies regarding the prevalence of atopy in Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) patients, and their results are conflicting. METHODS: In this study children with the diagnosis of FMF were evaluated for the presence of atopy by comparing with controls. One hundred and eighteen children diagnosed as FMF and 50 healthy age and sex matched controls were enrolled. They were evaluated for the presence of rhinitis, atopic dermatitis, urticaria and asthma...
April 29, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463525/upper-airway-and-skin-symptoms-in-allergic-and-non-allergic-asthma-results-from-the-swedish-ga-2-len-study
#19
Mary Kämpe, Maria Vosough, Andrei Malinovschi, Mohammad Alimohammadi, Kjell Alving, Bertil Forsberg, Jan Lötvall, Roelinde Middelveld, Barbro Dahlén, Christer Janson
BACKGROUND: Allergic and non-allergic asthma are viewed as separate entities, despite sharing similarities. The aims of this study were to determine differences in symptoms from the upper airways and the skin in allergic and non-allergic asthma. The secondary aims were to identify childhood risk factors and to compare quality of life in the two asthma groups. METHODS: This cohort (age 17-76 years) consisted of 575 subjects with allergic or non-allergic asthma and 219 controls...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462739/improving-early-exclusion-of-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-primary-care-the-added-value-of-point-of-care-troponin-as-stated-by-general-practitioners
#20
Michelle M A Kip, Amber M Noltes, Hendrik Koffijberg, Maarten J IJzerman, Ron Kusters
Aim To investigate general practitioners' (GPs') desire and perceived added value of point-of-care (POC) troponin, its effect on referral decisions, and test requirements. BACKGROUND: Excluding acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in primary care remains a diagnostic challenges for GPs. Consequently, referral rates of chest pain patients are high, while the incidence of a cardiovascular problem is only 8-15%. Previous studies have shown that GPs are interested in a POC troponin test. This test could enhance rapid exclusion of ACS, thereby preventing unnecessary patient distress, without compromising safety and while reducing costs...
May 2, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
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