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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641549/relevance-of-cat-and-dog-sensitization-by-skin-prick-testing-in-childhood-eczema-and-asthma
#1
Kam Lun E Lun Hon, Kathy Yin Ching Tsang, Ting Fan Leung
BACKGROUND: Household animal dander has been implicated as aeroallergen in childhood atopic diseases. Many parents seek healthcare advice if household pet keeping may be detrimental in atopic eczema (AE) and atopies. AIM: We investigated if skin sensitization by cat/dog dander was associated with disease severity and quality of life in children with AE. METHODS: Demographics, skin prick test (SPT) results, disease severity (Nottingham eczema severity score NESS), Children Dermatology Life Quality Index (CDLQI), blood IgE and eosinophil counts of a cohort of AE patients were reviewed...
June 14, 2017: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634546/low-hemoglobin-among-pregnant-women-in-midwives-practice-of-primary-health-care-jatinangor-indonesia-iron-deficiency-anemia-or-%C3%AE-thalassemia-trait
#2
Ari Indra Susanti, Edhyana Sahiratmadja, Gatot Winarno, Adhi Kristianto Sugianli, Herman Susanto, Ramdan Panigoro
Low hemoglobin (Hb) or anemia is common among pregnant women in developing countries which may cause adverse pregnancy outcomes and maternal deaths. Our study aimed to assess Hb level measured by midwives in primary health care facility at rural area of Jatinangor, Indonesia, and to explore whether the anemia was due to iron deficiency (IDA) or β-thalassemia trait (β-TT). Pregnant women (n = 105) had finger prick test for Hb level during a regular antenatal care examination from October to November 2016. Hb level by finger prick test was compared with venous blood, measured by complete blood count (CBC)...
2017: Anemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634031/does-atopy-affect-the-course-of-viral-pneumonia
#3
S B Erdem, D Can, S Girit, F Çatal, V Şen, S Pekcan, H Yüksel, A Bingöl, I Bostancı, D Erge, R Ersu
BACKGROUND: The presence of atopy is considered as a risk factor for severe respiratory symptoms in children. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of atopy on the course of disease in children hospitalised with viral pneumonia. METHODS: Children between the ages of 1 and 6 years hospitalised due to viral pneumonia between the years of 2013 and 2016 were included to this multicentre study. Patients were classified into two groups as mild-moderate and severe according to the course of pneumonia...
June 17, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633721/allergic-and-non-allergic-rhinitis-are-common-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-but-not-associated-with-disease-severity
#4
Ming Zheng, Xiangdong Wang, Siqi Ge, Ying Gu, Xiu Ding, Yuhuan Zhang, Jingying Ye, Luo Zhang
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Several studies have suggested that rhinitis contributes to the pathogenesis of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We aimed to investigate the prevalence and influence of allergic rhinitis (AR) and non-allergic rhinitis (NAR) on severity of OSA. METHODS: Two hundred forty patients with OSA confirmed by standardized polysomnography were assessed for presence of AR and NAR, using validated questionnaires and skin prick tests. Data comparison was carried out by using chi-square test, analysis of variance, and least significant difference test...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628023/-ragweed-allergy-in-the-south-of-russia-in-the-chechen-republic
#5
D Macharadze, H Janaeva, K Avilov
Allergy to ragweed pollen and other weeds is a global problem due to the rapid spread of these grasses around the world. In addition, pollen of short ragweed (Ambrosia, Amb) and mugwort (Artemisia, Art) - one of the main causes of respiratory allergy - seasonal allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (hay fever) with/without bronchial asthma patients living in the South of Russia. Epidemiological studies on the prevalence of Allergy to Amb and Art among patients living in Chechen Republic, absent. Aim - of this retrospective study was to investigate the prevalence of sensitization to weed pollen in patients of Chechnya...
May 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627257/toward-the-development-of-a-glucose-dehydrogenase-based-saliva-glucose-sensor-without-the-need-for-sample-preparation
#6
Chi Lin, Breanna Pratt, Mackenzie Honikel, Alaina Jenish, Bhavna Ramesh, Amnah Alkhan, Jeffrey T La Belle
BACKGROUND: Strict glycemic control is known to be a vital key in the management of diabetes mellitus (DM). However, traditional methods face limitations in their efficacy due to the pain and invasiveness of needle pricking which often discourages DM patients from performing the required number of tests per day. Saliva glucose (SG) sensing has long been considered a noninvasive alternative to blood glucose monitoring for diabetes management, however the sample preparation and sensor detection limit have been deemed as challenges to overcome...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623926/perennial-transmission-of-malaria-in-the-low-altitude-areas-of-baringo-county-kenya
#7
Collince J Omondi, Daniel Onguru, Lucy Kamau, Mark Nanyingi, George Ong'amo, Benson Estambale
BACKGROUND: Malaria causes the greatest public health burden in sub-Saharan Africa where high mortality occurs mainly in children under 5 years of age. Traditionally, malaria has been reported mainly in the lowlands endemic regions of western Kenya, while the highlands of the Rift Valley have been relatively free except for the sporadic epidemics in some areas. Baringo County is located in the Kenyan highlands. The county generally experiences seasonal transmission of malaria. A few hotspots which experience continuous malaria transmission in the county do however exist...
June 17, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622325/fingerprick-autologous-blood-a-novel-treatment-for-dry-eye-syndrome
#8
J Than, S Balal, J Wawrzynski, N Nesaratnam, G M Saleh, J Moore, A Patel, S Shah, B Sharma, B Kumar, J Smith, A Sharma
PurposeDry eye syndrome (DES) causes significant morbidity. Trials of blood-derived products in treatment of the condition show promising results. However, their production is expensive and time-consuming. We investigate fingerprick autologous blood (FAB) as an alternative low-cost, readily accessible treatment for DES.Patients and methodsProspective, non-comparative, interventional case series. In total, 29 eyes of 16 DES patients (2 males and 14 females) from two NHS sites in the United Kingdom. Patients instructed to clean a finger, prick with a blood lancet, and apply a drop of blood to the lower fornix of the affected eye(s), 4 times daily for 8 weeks then stop and review 4 weeks later...
June 16, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618090/roadmap-for-the-clinical-application-of-the-basophil-activation-test-in-food-allergy
#9
Alexandra F Santos, Wayne G Shreffler
The diagnosis of IgE-mediated food allergy based solely on the clinical history and the documentation of specific IgE to whole allergen extract or single allergens is often ambiguous, requiring oral food challenges (OFC), with the attendant risk and inconvenience to the patient, to confirm the diagnosis of food allergy. This is a considerable proportion of patients assessed in Allergy clinics. The basophil activation test (BAT) has emerged as having superior specificity and comparable sensitivity to diagnose food allergy, when compared with skin prick test and specific IgE...
June 15, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616178/population-differences-in-host-plant-preference-and-the-importance-of-yeast-and-plant-substrate-to-volatile-composition
#10
Priya Date, Amber Crowley-Gall, Aaron F Diefendorf, Stephanie M Rollmann
Divergent selection between environments can result in changes to the behavior of an organism. In many insects, volatile compounds are a primary means by which host plants are recognized and shifts in plant availability can result in changes to host preference. Both the plant substrate and microorganisms can influence this behavior, and host plant choice can have an impact on the performance of the organism. In Drosophila mojavensis, four geographically isolated populations each use different cacti as feeding and oviposition substrates and identify those cacti by the composition of the volatile odorants emitted...
June 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615857/alteration-of-direct-agglutination-test-dat-results-in-iranian-kala-azar-patients-a-case-series
#11
Soheila Molaie, Mehdi Mohebali, Mohamad-Reza Abai, Akbar Molaie, Behnaz Akhoundi, Eslam Moradi Asl
The early diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) using Direct Agglutination Tests (DAT) and its treatment and control are essential actions taken in rural health centers in endemic foci of the infection based on the national protocols set by the Iranian Ministry of Health and Medical Education. Eleven clinically confirmed VL patients with typical VL symptoms and negative results of DAT, admitted to the pediatrics department of Valiasr Hospital in Meshkinshahr underwent parasitological tests. 7 of the total of 11 patients had positive result of bone marrow puncture smears and all of them had negative results of DAT...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614479/knowledge-of-and-attitudes-toward-heel-prick-screening-for-sickle-cell-disease-in-saint-lucia
#12
Sonia Alexander, Sharon Belmar-George, Alisha Eugene, Vanessa Elias
Objectives: In the Caribbean country of Saint Lucia, umbilical-cord-blood screening for sickle cell disease (SCD) was the testing method that health care workers (HCWs) on the maternity wards of the hospitals preferred until the new heel prick (HP) testing method was introduced in the country in 2014. This SCD study sought to assess HCWs' knowledge of and attitude toward HP screening and also determine new mothers' favorability toward HP screening. Methods: A total of 70 HCWs and 132 new mothers answered survey questionnaires in three hospitals...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605372/a-component-resolved-diagnostic-approach-for-a-study-on-grass-pollen-allergens-in-chinese-southerners-with-allergic-rhinitis-and-or-asthma
#13
Wenting Luo, Guichang Pan, Huimin Huang, Peiyan Zheng, Nili Wei, Yifei Zhang, Guangqiao Zeng, Baoqing Sun
Sensitization to grass pollen imposes a global risk for allergic airway diseases. Although prevention relies on local investigation of the pollen allergens, data on this topic are limited in southern China. Any available data were obtained by self-report questionnaires, skin prick tests, and total or specific IgE tests using crude extracts. For many reasons, these methods are unreliable. Serum sIgE reactivity to Bermuda grass, Timothy grass, and Humulus scandens allergens in a cohort of patients from Greater Guangzhou (southern China's largest city and its outskirts) with allergic rhinitis and/or asthma were examined using a fully-automated immunoassay analyzer as a component-resolved diagnostics (CRD) tool...
June 4, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605217/differences-between-preschoolers-with-asthma-and-allergies-in-urban-and-rural-environments
#14
Daniel A Marfortt, Dario Josviack, Alejandro Lozano, Eduardo Cuestas, Luis Agüero, Jose A Castro-Rodriguez
OBJECTIVE: The influence of living in a rural or urban environment on asthma and allergic diseases in school-children provide conflicting results; moreover none of these studies included exclusively preschoolers. The aim of the present study was to evaluate if recurrent wheezing preschoolers from rural or urban areas differ in asthma, allergic diseases, and atopy. METHODS: A cross-sectional-study in Rafaela, Argentina, on 143 preschoolers with recurrent wheezing from rural and urban settings was performed (2010-2012)...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601052/evaluation-of-food-allergy-in-children-by-skin-prick-tests-with-commercial-extracts-and-fresh-foods-specific-ige-and-open-oral-food-challenge-our-five-years-experience-in-food-allergy-work-up
#15
Mirjana Zivanovic, Marina Atanasković-Marković, Biljana Medjo, Marija Gavrović-Jankulović, Katarina Smiljanić, Vladimir Tmušić, Vojislav Djurić
IgE- mediated food allergy affects 6-8% of children. Our study aimed to define the correlations between the results obtained with skin prick tests (SPTs) using commercial extracts and fresh foods, and the correlations between these result and those obtained with specific IgE (sIgE) and/ or challenge. Children aged from 2 months to 6 years were recruited prospectively. Overall 571 children were positive to one food. In all children we performed  SPT using commercial extracts of suspected food and fresh foods and sIgE...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599992/natural-history-of-skin-prick-test-reactivity-a-20-year-prospective-study-of-a-random-population-sample-of-children-and-adolescents
#16
Jesper Schou Nielsen, Howraman Meteran, Charlotte Suppli Ulrik, Celeste Porsbjerg, Vibeke Backer
BACKGROUND: Allergic reactions to airborne allergens may have important consequences for affected individuals and are believed to be unstable through life, although evidence from longitudinal studies is limited. OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in skin prick reactivity during 20 years in a random population sample of children and adolescents in relation to symptoms of rhinitis. METHODS: A total of 983 individuals, aged 7 to 17 years, were randomly selected in 1986 and invited to 4 examinations during a 20-year period...
June 6, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593388/different-clinical-effect-of-several-types-of-airborne-allergens-on-the-severity-of-bronchial-hyperreactivity
#17
Slavomír Perečinský, Marek Varga, Jozefína Petrovičová, Ondrej Ragač, Katarína Perečinská, Andrea Jančová, Lenka Murínová, Tomáš Bačinský, L'ubomír Legáth
BACKGROUND: Atopic sensitization belongs to the most common risk factors for bronchial asthma. However, in clinical practice, it is not clear whether sensitization against pollen and perennial allergens is differently associated with the severity of bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR). AIM: To find out whether patients sensitized to perennial allergens differ in severity of bronchial hyperresponsiveness from patients sensitized to pollen allergens. METHODS: The study includes 109 patients...
June 7, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583228/diagnosing-environmental-allergies-comparison-of-skin-prick-intradermal-and-serum-specific-immunoglobulin-e-testing
#18
Denisa Ferastraoaru, Maria Shtessel, Elizabeth Lobell, Golda Hudes, David Rosenstreich, Gabriele de Vos
BACKGROUND: Allergists commonly perform intradermal skin testing (IDST) after negative skin-prick testing (SPT) to comprehensively diagnose environmental allergic sensitization. However, with the availability of modern methods to detect serum-specific immunoglobulin E (ssIgE), it is unclear if ssIgE testing could substitute for IDST. OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of ssIgE testing and IDST when added to SPT in diagnosing environmental allergic sensitizations...
June 1, 2017: Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583132/a-bacosides-containing-bacopa-monnieri-extract-alleviates-allodynia-and-hyperalgesia-in-the-chronic-constriction-injury-model-of-neuropathic-pain-in-rats
#19
Muhammad Shahid, Fazal Subhan, Nisar Ahmad, Ihsan Ullah
BACKGROUND: The current therapy of neuropathic pain is inadequate and is limited by the extent of pain relief and the occurrence of dose dependant side effects. Insufficient control of pain with conventional medications prompts the use of complementary and alternative medicine therapies by patients with neuropathic pain. This study therefore investigated a standardized methanolic extract of Bacopa monnieri, a widely reputed nootropic plant, for prospective antinociceptive effect in the chronic constriction injury (CCI) model of neuropathic pain...
June 5, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576134/effects-of-infant-weight-gain-on-subsequent-allergic-outcomes-in-the-first-3%C3%A2-years-of-life
#20
Evelyn Xiu-Ling Loo, Anne Goh, Izzuddin Bin Mohd Aris, Oon Hoe Teoh, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Bee Wah Lee, Yiong Huak Chan, Mya Thway Tint, Shu-E Soh, Seang-Mei Saw, Peter Gluckman, Keith M Godfrey, Yap-Seng Chong, Fabian Yap, Michael S Kramer, Hugo Van Bever, Yung Seng Lee
BACKGROUND: The association between early weight gain and later allergic outcomes has not been well studied. We examined the relation between weight gain and the subsequent development of allergic outcomes in the first 36 months of life in a Singapore birth cohort. METHODS: In repeated visits in the first 15 months, we measured infant weight and administered questionnaires ascertaining allergic outcomes. At ages 18 and 36 months, we administered skin prick tests (SPTs) to inhalant and food allergens...
June 2, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
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