Read by QxMD icon Read

HIV coinfections

Laura Tarancon-Diez, Rebeca S De Pablo-Bernal, José Luis Jiménez, Ana I Álvarez-Ríos, Miguel Genebat, Isaac Rosado-Sánchez, María-Ángeles Muñoz-Fernández, Ezequiel Ruiz-Mateos, Manuel Leal
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are one of the main causes of morbimortality in HIV-infected patients on suppressive antiretroviral therapy. The objective of this work was to evaluate the role of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and CVDs occurrence in HIV-infected patients. Additionally, the functional consequences of carrying these SNPs were analyzed. METHODS: The association of TLR4 SNPs, Asp299Gly/Thr399Ile with CVDs occurrence was analyzed using multivariate logistic regression models...
March 15, 2018: AIDS
Noemia Teixeira de Siqueira-Filha, Maria de Fatima Militao de Albuquerque, Laura Cunha Rodrigues, Rosa Legood, Andreia Costa Santos
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to measure the costs of people living with HIV (PLHIV) as well as active tuberculosis (TB/HIV), latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI/HIV) or without TB (HIV/AIDS). METHODS: We analysed the costs through the entire pathway of care during the prediagnosis and treatment periods from the Brazilian public health system perspective. We applied a combination of bottom-up and top-down approaches to capture and estimate direct medical and non-medical costs...
March 15, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
João Gabriel Guimarães Luz, Danilo Bueno Naves, Amanda Gabriela de Carvalho, Gilvani Alves Meira, João Victor Leite Dias, Cor Jesus Fernandes Fontes
The Brazilian municipality of Rondonópolis, Mato Grosso State, represents an important visceral leishmaniasis (VL) endemic area. This study described epidemiological and clinical aspects of the occurrence, VL/HIV coinfection and lethality related to VL in Rondonópolis. Data from autochthonous cases reported between 2011 and 2016 were obtained from official information systems. During this period, 81 autochthonous cases were reported, with decreasing incidence through 2016. Contrastingly, the lethality rate was 8...
March 8, 2018: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
Anton Khlopas, Michael A Mont
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Siddharth A Mahure, Joseph A Bosco, James D Slover, Jonathan Vigdorchik, Richard Iorio, Ran Schwarzkopf
BACKGROUND: Individuals coinfected with both hepatitis C virus (HCV) and HIV represent a unique and growing population of patients undergoing orthopaedic surgical procedures. Data regarding complications for HCV monoinfection or HIV monoinfection are robust, but there are no data available, to our knowledge, on patients who have both HCV and HIV infections. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We sought to determine whether patients with coinfection differed in terms of baseline demographics and comorbidity burden as compared with patients without coinfection and whether these potential differences were translated into varying levels of postoperative complications, mortality, and hospital readmission risk...
February 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Victoria P Strouvelle, Dominique L Braun, Valentina Vongrad, Alexandra U Scherrer, Yik Lim Kok, Roger D Kouyos, Marcel Stöckle, Andri Rauch, Katharine Darling, Matthias Hoffmann, Karin J Metzner, Huldrych F Günthard
Pegylated interferon-alpha (pIFN-α) is suggested to lower HIV-1 DNA load in antiretroviral therapy (ART) treated patients. We studied the kinetics of total HIV-1 DNA levels in 40 HIV-1/hepatitis C (HCV) coinfected patients, treated with pIFN-α for HCV and categorized into three groups according to start of ART: Chronic HIV-1 infection (n=22), acute HIV-1 infection (n=8), no-ART (n=10). Total HIV-1 DNA levels were quantified in 247 PBMC samples and remained stable before, during, and after pIFN-α treatment in all three groups...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
John Joseph Heath, Neva Jennifer Fudge, Maureen Elizabeth Gallant, Michael David Grant
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) effectively extends the life expectancy of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals; however, age-related morbidities have emerged as major clinical concerns. In this context, coinfection with cytomegalovirus (CMV) accelerates immune senescence and elevates risk for other age-related morbidities, possibly through increased inflammation. We investigated potential relationships between CMV memory inflation, immune senescence, and inflammation by measuring markers of inflammation and telomere lengths of different lymphocyte subsets in HIV-infected individuals seropositive for anti-CMV antibodies...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Oksana Pasechnik, Anna Vyazovaya, Stanislav Vitriv, Marina Tatarintseva, Aleksey Blokh, Vladimir Stasenko, Igor Mokrousov
This population-based study characterized Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from HIV-positive and HIV-negative tuberculosis (TB) patients in the Omsk region in Western Siberia, Russia. We sought to gain insight into the major genotype families and epidemic and endemic clones of M. tuberculosis in the area with a high burden and adverse trend of TB/HIV coinfection. The study collection included M. tuberculosis isolates from 207 newly-diagnosed patients with pulmonary TB; 55 (26.5%) of patients were HIV-infected...
January 2018: Tuberculosis
Erik Mogalian, Luisa M Stamm, Anu Osinusi, Diana M Brainard, Gong Shen, Kah Hiing John Ling, Anita Mathias
Background: Combining antiviral regimens in the HCV/HIV coinfected population can be complex as they share overlapping mechanisms for elimination that may result in potential drug interactions. The pharmacokinetics, safety, and tolerability of concomitantly administered sofosbuvir/velpatasvir (SOF/VEL) with multiple commonly prescribed antiretroviral (ARV) regimens were evaluated. Methods: Healthy volunteers were enrolled into two phase 1, open-label, randomized, multiple-dose, cross-over studies...
March 7, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Chidubem L Ogbudebe, Victor Adepoju, Christy Ekerete-Udofia, Ebere Abu, Ginika Egesemba, Nkem Chukwueme, Mustapha Gidado
Objectives: Understanding the factors that influence tuberculosis (TB) treatment outcomes in children is key to designing interventions to address them. This study aimed to determine the case category distribution of childhood TB in Nigeria and assess which clinical and demographic factors are associated with different treatment outcomes in childhood TB. Materials and methods: This was a retrospective cohort study involving a review of medical records of children (0-14 years) with TB in 3 states in Nigeria in 2015...
2018: Health Services Insights
Nilar Lwin, Michael Boyle, Joshua S Davis
Corticosteroids are the mainstay of therapy for immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS). However, little is known about how to treat IRIS unresponsive to steroids. We report a patient with HIV-TB coinfection who was unresponsive to first prednisolone and then infliximab but whose IRIS resolved with adalimumab.
February 2018: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Dorian Fernandez, Imoleayo Salami, Janelle Davis, Florence Mbah, Aisha Kazeem, Abreah Ash, Justin Babino, Laquiesha Carter, Jason L Salemi, Kiara K Spooner, Omonike A Olaleye, Hamisu M Salihu
Objective: HIV and tuberculosis represent diseases of major public health importance worldwide. Very little is known about HIV-TB coinfection among pregnant women, especially from industrialized settings. In this study, we examined the association between TB, HIV, and HIV-TB coinfection among pregnant mothers and obstetric complications, alcohol use, drug abuse, and depression. Method: We examined inpatient hospital discharges in the United States from January 1, 2002, through December 31, 2014...
2018: Journal of Pregnancy
M K L Poon, J P H Wong, A T W Li, M Manuba, A Bisignano, M Owino, M Vahabi
Human papillomavirus (hpv) infection is the cause of anal squamous cell cancer (ascc) in 80% of cases. Available research has also shown high prevalence of anal hpv infection among men who have sex with men (msm). However, hpv vaccination is low among msm in Canada. In light of this information, we conducted a scoping review with the aim of exploring (1) the knowledge of hpv and anal cancer among hiv-positive msm and (2) the acceptability of hpv and anal cancer self-sampling in this population. In conducting the review, we searched five electronic databases for peer-reviewed articles and abstracts published in English, between 2007 and 2017...
February 2018: Current Oncology
Kathryn Mishkin, Kamiar Alaei, Elmira Alikeyeva, Christopher Paynter, Altyn Aringazina, Arash Alaei
INTRODUCTION: TB drug resistance poses a serious threat to the public health of Kazakhstan. This paper presents findings related to TB treatment outcome and drug resistant status among people coinfected with HIV and TB in Kazakhstan. METHODS: Cohort study using data were provided by the Kazakhstan Ministry of Health's National Tuberculosis Program for 2014 and 2015. Chi-square and logistical regression were performed to understand factors associated with drug resistant TB status and TB treatment outcome...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
Dalila Y Martínez, Kristien Verdonck, Paul M Kaye, Vanessa Adaui, Katja Polman, Alejandro Llanos-Cuentas, Jean-Claude Dujardin, Marleen Boelaert
BACKGROUND: Tegumentary leishmaniasis (TL) is a disease of skin and/or mucosal tissues caused by Leishmania parasites. TL patients may concurrently carry other pathogens, which may influence the clinical outcome of TL. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: This review focuses on the frequency of TL coinfections in human populations, interactions between Leishmania and other pathogens in animal models and human subjects, and implications of TL coinfections for clinical practice...
March 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
L Ryom, C Boesecke, M Bracchi, J Ambrosioni, A Pozniak, J Arribas, G Behrens, Pgm Mallon, M Puoti, A Rauch, J M Miro, O Kirk, C Marzolini, J D Lundgren, M Battegay
BACKGROUND: The European AIDS Clinical Society (EACS) Guidelines have since 2005 provided multidisciplinary recommendations for the care of HIV-positive persons in geographically diverse areas. GUIDELINE HIGHLIGHTS: Major revisions have been made in all sections of the 2017 Guidelines: antiretroviral treatment (ART), comorbidities, coinfections and opportunistic diseases. Newly added are also a summary of the main changes made, and direct video links to the EACS online course on HIV Management...
March 1, 2018: HIV Medicine
Vibe Ballegaard, Peter Brændstrup, Karin Kaereby Pedersen, Nikolai Kirkby, Anette Stryhn, Lars P Ryder, Jan Gerstoft, Susanne Dam Nielsen
In people living with HIV (PLWHIV), coinfection with cytomegalovirus (CMV) has been associated with inflammation, immunological ageing, and increased risk of severe non-AIDS related comorbidity. The effect of CMV-specific immune responses on systemic inflammation, immune activation and T-cell senescence was evaluated in 53 PLWHIV treated with combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). Activated-, terminally differentiated-, naïve-, and senescent T-cells were assessed by flow cytometry, and plasma levels of CMV IgG, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-α, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and soluble-CD14 were measured...
February 28, 2018: Scientific Reports
Hanif Esmail, Catherine Riou, Elsa du Bruyn, Rachel Pei-Jen Lai, Yolande X R Harley, Graeme Meintjes, Katalin A Wilkinson, Robert J Wilkinson
Globally, about 36.7 million people were living with HIV infection at the end of 2015. The most frequent infection co-occurring with HIV-1 is Mycobacterium tuberculosis-389,000 deaths per annum are attributable to HIV tuberculosis, 75% of those occurring in Africa. HIV-1 infection increases the risk of tuberculosis by a factor of up to 26 and alters its clinical presentation, complicates diagnosis and treatment, and worsens outcome. Although HIV-1-induced depletion of CD4+ T cells underlies all these effects, more widespread immune deficits also contribute to susceptibility and pathogenesis...
February 28, 2018: Annual Review of Immunology
Manjula Bhattarai, Jagat Bahadur Baniya, Nirmal Aryal, Bimal Shrestha, Ramanuj Rauniyar, Anurag Adhikari, Pratik Koirala, Pardip Kumar Oli, Ram Deo Pandit, David A Stein, Birendra Prasad Gupta
HBV and HCV infections are widespread among the HIV-infected individuals in Nepal. The goals of this study were to investigate the epidemiological profile and risk factors for acquiring HBV and/or HCV coinfection in disadvantaged HIV-positive population groups in Nepal. We conducted a retrospective study on blood samples from HIV-positive patients from the National Public Health Laboratory at Kathmandu to assay for HBsAg, HBeAg, and anti-HCV antibodies, HIV viral load, and CD4+ T cell count. Among 579 subjects, the prevalence of HIV-HBV, HIV-HCV, and HIV-HBV-HCV coinfections was 3...
2018: BioMed Research International
Jennifer Y Chen, Yanjie Ren, Peng Yan, Morgan E Belina, Raymond T Chung, Adeel A Butt
Recent preclinical studies have suggested an antifibrotic role for tricyclic antidepressants. Using the Electronically Retrieved Cohort of HCV Infected Veterans, we aimed to evaluate the impact of TCA use on fibrosis progression and development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) among HCV-infected persons. Subjects were categorized according to use of tricyclic antidepressants, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, or no antidepressants. tricyclic antidepressants or selective serotonin uptake inhibitors use was defined according to cumulative defined daily dose, and categories were mutually exclusive...
February 25, 2018: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"