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Meningococcal vaccination contraindication and indication

Jacob R Karr, Jonathan J Lu, Robert B Smith, Austin C Thomas
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a disorder in which an aberrant immune response in a genetically susceptible host, with influences from environmental factors, leads to intestinal inflammation. Vaccines against influenza and pneumococcal pneumonia are indicated for all patients with IBD, while vaccines such as hepatitis A and B, human papillomavirus, and meningococcal meningitis are only indicated for patients with specific risk factor profiles. Some vaccines are contraindicated for patients receiving immunosuppressive medications; typically, these are live or live attenuated vaccines such as measles-mumps-rubella, varicella zoster, and herpes zoster...
2016: Ochsner Journal
Catherine C Wiley
The childhood immunization schedule is complex and nuanced. Although serious adverse reactions to immunizations are uncommon, clinicians must be well-versed in these reactions as well as the contraindications and precautions to each vaccine. • Conjugate vaccine technology links polysaccharide antigens to carrier proteins, triggering T-cell-dependent immunity to polysaccharides, thereby strengthening immune memory. • On the basis of some research evidence and consensus, live vaccines are generally contraindicated in immunocompromised patients and in pregnancy...
June 2015: Pediatrics in Review
Claiton Viegas Brenol, Licia Maria Henrique da Mota, Bóris Afonso Cruz, Gecilmara Salviato Pileggi, Ivânio Alves Pereira, Lucila Stange Rezende, Manoel Barros Bertolo, Max Victor Carioca Freitas, Nilzio Antônio da Silva, Paulo Louzada-Junior, Rina Dalva Neubarth Giorgi, Rodrigo Aires Corrêa Lima, Geraldo da Rocha Castelar Pinheiro
OBJECTIVE: To elaborate recommendations to the vaccination of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in Brazil. METHOD: Literature review and opinion of expert members of the Brazilian Society of Rheumatology Committee of Rheumatoid Arthritis and of an invited pediatric rheumatologist. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: The following 12 recommendations were established: 1) Before starting disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs, the vaccine card should be reviewed and updated; 2) Vaccines against seasonal influenza and against H1N1 are indicated annually for patients with RA; 3) The pneumococcal vaccine should be indicated for all patients with RA; 4) The vaccine against varicella should be indicated for patients with RA and a negative or dubious history for that disease; 5) The HPV vaccine should be considered for adolescent and young females with RA; 6) The meningococcal vaccine is indicated for patients with RA only in the presence of asplenia or complement deficiency; 7) Asplenic adults with RA should be immunized against Haemophilus influenzae type B; 8) An additional BCG vaccine is not indicated for patients diagnosed with RA; 9) Hepatitis B vaccine is indicated for patients with RA who are negative for antibodies against HBsAg; the combined hepatitis A and B vaccine should be considered; 10) Patients with RA and at high risk for tetanus, who received rituximab in the preceding 24 weeks, should undergo passive immunization with tetanus immunoglobulin in case of exposure; 11) The YF vaccine is contraindicated to patients with RA on immunosuppressive drugs; 12) The above described recommendations should be reviewed over the course of RA...
February 2013: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
José Cofré
On account of an increase of serogroup W135 meningococcal disease (M.D.) observed in Santiago, Chile, during last two years the medical community has experienced an avidity to update their knowledge about M.D. treatment and its prevention. In a queries and answers mode, the following topics on M.D. are presented: nasopharyngeal carriage and its importance, immunity and protection against the disease, reasons to choice ceftriaxone as the first line antibiotic in treatment, rationality and indications of chemoprophylaxis, fundamentals and advantages of conjugate vaccines, its indications, schedules, contraindications and decisions making in public health...
December 2012: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
B Habermalz, S Sauerland, G Decker, B Delaitre, J-F Gigot, E Leandros, K Lechner, M Rhodes, G Silecchia, A Szold, E Targarona, P Torelli, E Neugebauer
BACKGROUND: Although laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) has become the standard approach for most splenectomy cases, some areas still remain controversial. To date, the indications that preclude laparoscopic splenectomy are not clearly defined. In view of this, the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery (EAES) has developed clinical practice guidelines for LS. METHODS: An international expert panel was invited to appraise the current literature and to develop evidence-based recommendations...
April 2008: Surgical Endoscopy
Andrew J Ullmann, Meinolf Karthaus, Oliver A Cornely
Vaccinations are safe and effective in immunocompromised patients. Apparently most vaccines in this patient population are underutilized. General vaccination recommendations are expressed for influenza, diphtheria and tetanus. Pneumococcal, meningococcal und Haemophilus influenzae B immunizations are specially indicated for patients with or developing B-cell-deficiency. Live attenuated vaccines are usually contraindicated. The efficacy of the immunization and its indication can be additionally measured by antibody response, which is usually decreased compared to healthy subjects...
May 2004: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
Denise K Sur, David H Wallis, Theodore X O'Connell
Adult immunization rates have fallen short of national goals partly because of misconceptions about the safety and benefits of current vaccines. The danger of these misconceptions is magnified during pregnancy, when concerned physicians are hesitant to administer vaccines and patients are reluctant to accept them. Routine vaccines that generally are safe to administer during pregnancy include diphtheria, tetanus, influenza, and hepatitis B. Other vaccines, such as meningococcal and rabies, may be considered...
July 15, 2003: American Family Physician
Matthew J Thompson
Many infections encountered by international travelers can be prevented by adherence to personal protective measures and appropriate vaccinations. This review outlined the incidence and importance of the major vaccine-preventable infectious diseases encountered by U.S. travelers, as well as the indications, contraindications, and side effects of available vaccines. Official proof of yellow fever vaccine often is required for entry into some countries. Based on endemic or epidemic infections at destinations, planned activities, and age and medical history of international travelers, other vaccines may be recommended...
December 2002: Primary Care
Terry Hainsworth
As greater numbers of people travel to exotic locations, vaccine technology is becoming increasingly important. Deciding on appropriate immunisation can be complex: it involves assessment of the traveller's risk, an awareness of the potential diseases at a particular destination and knowledge of the vaccines available. This article focuses on nine diseases that can be prevented through vaccination: hepatitis A; typhoid; yellow fever; hepatitis B; tick-borne encephalitis; rabies; meningococcal meningitis; Japanese encephalitis; and cholera...
June 18, 2002: Nursing Times
J J Roord, C J Kaandorp
Neisseria meningitidis and Streptococcus pneumoniae are the most frequent causes of bacterial meningitis. The incidence of Haemophilus meningitis in the Netherlands is low due to successful Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccination. This implies that there is no need to take account into this microorganism in using initial empiric antimicrobial therapy for bacterial meningitis. Vomiting (especially children), headache, fever, and a stiff neck characterize acute bacterial meningitis. However, even without these signs a patient may still have acute bacterial meningitis...
February 3, 2001: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
E C Jong
An updated approach to selecting and prioritizing immunizations for the international traveler is presented. This article addresses vaccines against yellow fever, typhoid fever, cholera, meningococcal meningitis, rabies, tetanus, diphtheria, measles, mumps, rubella, polio, varicella, and influenza. Vaccine preparations, dosing regimens, efficacy, adverse effects, indications, and contraindications are discussed in the context of pre-travel preparation.
July 1999: Medical Clinics of North America
C Herzog, M Just
On the basis of the Federal Health Department's "Swiss Vaccination Scheme" of 1976, some up to data additions and alterations are proposed mainly with regard to combined measles-mumps-rubella vaccination during the second year of life together with the first tetanus, diphtheria and poliomyelitis booster. Oral vaccination against poliomyelitis is not contraindicated during pregnancy. Among the inoculations not considered in the official vaccination scheme, regular influenza vaccination is only indicated for certain chronically ill people...
May 17, 1980: Schweizerische Medizinische Wochenschrift
E C Beuvery, G J Speijers, B I Lutz, D Freudenthal, V Kanhai, B Haagmans, H J Derks
For the preparation of meningococcal group C polysaccharide-tetanus toxoid conjugate the reactive reagent N-ethyl-N'-(dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide is used. The application of this reagent results in a number of stable linkages (viz. "peptide" linkages between the polysaccharide and tetanus toxoid, intrachain ester linkages in the polysaccharide component and binding of the N-acylurea derivative of the reagent) and less stable ones (viz. anhydride linkages). As a consequence of the reaction, the reagent is converted to a non-reactive urea derivative...
1986: Developments in Biological Standardization
D R Hill
One of the most important aspects of preparing travelers for destinations throughout the world is providing them with immunizations. Before administering any vaccines, however, a careful health and immunization history and travel itinerary should be obtained in order to determine vaccine indications and contraindications. There are three categories of immunizations for foreign travel. The first category includes immunizations which are routinely recommended whether or not the individual is traveling. Many travelers are due for primary vaccination or boosting against tetanus-diphtheria, measles-mumps-rubella, pneumococcal pneumonia, and influenza, for example, and the pre-travel visit is an ideal time to administer these...
July 1992: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
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