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Meningococcal vaccination and tuberculosis

A Salmon-Rousseau, E Piednoir, V Cattoir, A de La Blanchardière
BACKGROUND: The Hajj is the largest annual mass gathering event in the world, thus favoring the transmission of various infections: 183 different nationalities, high temperatures, coincidence with the start of the flu season in the Northern hemisphere, a long barefoot walk, tent-type accommodation, communal toilet facilities, absence of food control, and sharing of razors. Infections are the first cause of hospital admission, which often occurs in the home country of pilgrims. METHODS: Literature review on PubMed from 1952 to November 2015 on the epidemiology and prevention of infections contracted during the Hajj, using the keywords "Hajj" and "infections"...
May 24, 2016: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
Calman A MacLennan, Allan Saul
With the 2010s declared the Decade of Vaccines, and Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5 focused on reducing diseases that are potentially vaccine preventable, now is an exciting time for vaccines against poverty, that is, vaccines against diseases that disproportionately affect low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 has helped better understand which vaccines are most needed. In 2012, US$1.3 billion was spent on research and development for new vaccines for neglected infectious diseases...
August 26, 2014: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
A Galev, A Nacheva
Vaccinations protect woman and her fetus against different infectious diseases, but their application on pregnant should be extremely responsible. In this review I present information about some infectious diseases and vaccines during pregnancy. Women, planning to get pregnant should be advised to do serological tests in order to find out their immune status against some infections, leading to fetal congenital malformations (rubella, chicken pox, hepatitis B) and if necessary to get vaccinated at least a month before pregnancy...
2014: Akusherstvo i Ginekologii︠a︡
P Pellegrino, C Carnovale, V Perrone, D Salvati, M Gentili, T Brusadelli, S Antoniazzi, M Pozzi, S Radice, E Clementi
Bacterial meningitis is an important source of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Data exist on specific vaccines against Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria meningitidis indicating that they reduce the incidence of meningitis, yet comprehensive information on the trend of bacterial meningitis is still lacking. We analysed the Kids' Inpatient Database and the National Inpatient Database considering all bacterial meningitides in the United States, excluding cases of tuberculosis and sexually transmitted diseases...
September 2014: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Moses Kimon Kiwou, Rosario Lanetti, Veronika Sladeckova, Andrea Kalavska, George J Benca, Jaroslava Sokolova, Nada Kulkova, Silvia Dobrodenkova, Gertruda Mikolasova, Johanson Mawole Mzwan, John Mutuku Muli, Pavlina Bukovinova, Jaroslava Kralova, Alexandra Mamova
OBJECTIVE: Infections involving the central nervous system have very serious consequences and affect thousands of people in Africa. Despite the availability of new antibiotics and vaccines, neuroinfections act as dangerous and life-threatening conditions. The most frequent neuroinfections which are of the greatest importance for public health systems are viral diseases (such as HIV, encephalitis, poliomyelitis, rabies), bacterial diseases (bacterial meningitis, neurological complications of leprosy and tuberculosis) and parasitic infections (cerebral malaria, sleeping sickness, trypanosomiasis, schistosomiasis, toxoplasmosis etc...
September 2013: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
Luciano Cesar Pontes Azevedo, Cristiana M Toscano, Ana Luiza Bierrenbach
BACKGROUND: Bacterial meningitis is associated with significant burden in Brazil. In 2010, both 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine and meningococcal capsular group C conjugate vaccine were introduced into the routine vaccination schedule. Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine was previously introduced in 1999. This study presents trends in demographics, microbiological characteristics and seasonality patterns of bacterial meningitis cases in Brazil from 2000 to 2010. METHODS AND FINDINGS: All meningitis cases confirmed by clinical and/or laboratory criteria notified to the national information system for notifiable diseases between 2000 and 2010 were analyzed...
2013: PloS One
Mélanie Moltenis, Marie-Blanche Valnet-Rabier, Joël Leroy, Jean-Pierre Kantelip
During influenza A pandemia, the vaccination on pregnant women has raised many questions. Pandemia, easiness of travelling, and insufficient vaccinal coverage, expose these patients to infection which may have serious consequences on their pregnancy and on the child to born. On pregnant women, the precautionary principle is a priority and the evaluation of epidemiological risk is essential, in order to prevent adverses events. Prophylactic vaccinal administration against infections should be assessed with caution due to the little amount of available data...
September 2012: Thérapie
Karen L Roos, John E Greenlee
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: : Neurologists have a vital role in the recognition of meningitis and encephalitis, the accurate evaluation and interpretation of CSF studies, and the management and prevention of the neurologic complications of CNS infectious diseases. RECENT FINDINGS: ;: Although the tetravalent meningococcal glycoconjugate vaccine has decreased the incidence of meningococcal meningitis, the vaccine does not contain serogroup B, which is responsible for one-third of cases of meningococcal disease...
October 2011: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
Jose A Bazan, Julie E Mangino
Pregnant health care workers (HCW) may be exposed to pathogens during routine patient care duties. Although they do not seem to be at higher risk for infection compared with nonpregnant HCW, certain infections can be associated with increased maternal morbidity, mortality, and adverse perinatal outcomes. Primary prevention through vaccination is crucial. Medical providers must know which vaccines are safe during pregnancy and which should be postponed until after delivery. Pregnancy should not be a contraindication for certain postexposure prophylaxis regimens after an occupational exposure...
June 2012: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
G J V Nossal
Increased international support for both research into new vaccines and their deployment in developing countries has been evident over the past decade. In particular, the GAVI Alliance has had a major impact in increasing uptake of the six common infant vaccines as well as those against hepatitis B and yellow fever. It further aims to introduce pneumococcal and rotavirus vaccines in the near future and several others, including those against human papillomavirus, meningococcal disease, rubella and typhoid not long after that...
October 12, 2011: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 29, 2010: Relevé épidémiologique Hebdomadaire
Maria Isabel Saraiva Dinelli, Thais das Neves Fraga Moreira, Erica Regina Cruz Paulino, Maria Carolina Pereira da Rocha, Flávia Bracale Graciani, Maria Isabel de Moraes-Pinto
Risk perception of acquiring vaccine preventable diseases and the immune status of 187 health care workers (HCW) from a high-complexity university hospital in São Paulo, Brazil, were assessed. The vaccine preventable diseases more cited as at risk for acquisition were hepatitis B (94.1%), influenza (92.5%), meningococcal disease (90.3%), tuberculosis (85.0%), and varicella (72.7%). Previous disease or vaccination reported by HCW were hepatitis B (82.4%), tetanus (87.7%), diphtheria (81.8%), measles (86.6%), mumps (85...
December 2009: American Journal of Infection Control
P Landry
Reasons why long-term travel (> or =3 months) increases health risks are many, but mainly related to travellers' behaviour. On top of immunizations proposed to all travellers, those against hepatitis B, rabies and typhoid fever should be encouraged, but require time and money. Some vaccines like meningococcal vaccine and japanese encephalitis need to be discussed according to the destination. Tuberculosis is a rare disease in travellers in general but the incidence in health care workers reaches the one of the local population at risk, and therefore tuberculosis detection is recommended...
May 6, 2009: Revue Médicale Suisse
M J Alvarez Pasquín, C Batalla Martínez, E Comín Bertrán, J J Gómez Marco, J Pericas Bosch, I Pachón del Amo, J Rufino González, M A Mayer Pujadas, S Martín Martín, M L Agustí Morató, J Puig Barberá et al.
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2007: Atencion Primaria
Sita Awasthi
The World Vaccine Congress was held in Arlington, VA April 21st-24th, 2008. Tevi Troy, the deputy secretary of the US Department of Health and Human Services, set the tone of the meeting during his keynote address. He discussed the government's plan to deliver a strategic outlook and follow a road map for vaccine development. He also emphasized the importance of ongoing cooperation between industry and the government's many departments. In an electrifying keynote address Gregory Poland, Professor of Medicine and Infectious Diseases at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, MN discussed the role of recent advancements in the fields of Immunology, Genetics, Molecular Biology, Bioinformatics and the completion of the Human Genome Project...
September 2008: Human Vaccines
J Castilla, M García Cenoz, F Irisarri, J Núñez, A Zabala, A Barricarte
Epidemiological vigilance in Navarre (601,874 inhabitants) in 2006 included 34 diseases whose notification is compulsory and epidemic outbreaks. Notification is carried out on a weekly basis by the doctors from paediatrics, primary care and specialised care facing any suspicion of these processes, and is completed with microbiological diagnoses. In 2006 the incidence of influenza reached 16.8 cases per 1,000 inhabitants (Epidemic Index, EI: 0.46), showing a late seasonal peak (March) of low dimensions. The incidence of respiratory tuberculosis was 11...
May 2007: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
Christine E Waasdorp, Ji Yeon Kim
Families are traveling with their children in increasing frequency. Travel to Asia offers children many opportunities to learn about new cultures and history. It also offers the potential for exposure to numerous infectious agents not commonly encountered in the United States. Families must begin to prepare for travel to Asia weeks before departure. Children should be up to date on routine vaccinations. Appropriate education should be given on arthropod avoidance and malaria prophylaxis. Additional education and possible prophylaxis should be completed for other infectious agents frequently encountered in Asia...
2007: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
Rhonda Owen, Paul W Roche, Kirsty Hope, Keflemariam Yohannes, April Roberts, Conan Liu, Stefan Stirzaker, Fiona Kong, Mark Bartlett, Basil Donovan, Iain East, Gerard Fitzsimmons, Ann McDonald, Peter B McIntyre, Robert I Menzies
In 2005, 60 diseases and conditions were nationally notifiable in Australia. States and territories reported a total of 125,461 cases of communicable diseases to the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System: an increase of 10% on the number of notifications in 2004. In 2005, the most frequently notified diseases were sexually transmissible infections (51,557 notifications, 41% of total notifications), gastrointestinal diseases (29,422 notifications, 23%) and bloodborne diseases (19,278 notifications, 15%)...
March 2007: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
Entesar H Husain, Faisal Al-Shawaf, Esmaeel Bahbahani, Mamdooh Hasab El-Nabi, Kamal Abo Al-Fotooh, Magdi Hilmi Shafiq, Nahid Al-Ateeqi, Mohamed Atef Abo Talib
BACKGROUND: Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccine was introduced as part of childhood routine immunization in Kuwait in 1996. The aim of this study is to describe the epidemiological, microbiological, and clinical features of meningitis among children in Kuwait from 2001 to 2003. MATERIAL/METHODS: A multicenter retrospective review of clinical records of otherwise healthy children hospitalized with a diagnosis of meningitis. RESULTS: A total of 172 children had a diagnosis of meningitis and had lumbar puncture during the study period...
May 2007: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2007: Relevé épidémiologique Hebdomadaire
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