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Distal radius plate

Gregory Ian Bain, Simon Bruce Murdoch MacLean, Chong Jin Yeo, Egon Perilli, David M Lichtman
Kienböck disease is a condition that typically occurs in the "at-risk" patient, in the "at-risk" aspect of the proximal condyle of the "at-risk" lunate. In the active male, repetitive loading causes the stress fracture that commences in the single layer proximal subchondral bone plate. The lunate fracture commences at the point the lunate cantilevers over the edge of the distal radius, and then takes on the shape of the radius. We postulate that the stress fracture violates the parallel veins of the venous subarticular plexus-leading to localized venous hypertension and subsequent ischemia and edema of the fatty marrow...
November 2016: Journal of Wrist Surgery
Devin Ganesh, Ben Service, Brian Zirgibel, Kenneth Koval
OBJECTIVES: To assess the utility of the dorsal tangential view (DTV) in detecting intraoperative dorsal screw penetration in distal radius fractures treated with volar locked plating. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Academic level 1 trauma center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Skeletally mature patients where open reduction internal fixation with volar locked plating was the definitive treatment. A total of twenty-six patients were evaluated...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Jorge Orbay, Ajul Shah, Brian D White, Anup Patel, Lauren Vernon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
A De Smet, J Lamouille, P Vostrel, M Loret, P Hoffmeyer, J-Y Beaulieu
The treatment of impacted distal radius fractures is complex. Internal fixation by a dorsal approach with arthrotomy should be considered, particularly when the fractures are dorsally comminuted. This was a retrospective, observational study of 26 patients operated between 2008 and 2012 who were reviewed in September 2013. In the surgical procedure, a single dorsal incision was made over the distal radius and arthrotomy performed; the fracture site was stabilized with two 2.4mm locking plates. The average follow-up was 39months...
June 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
B Lakshmi Divya, P Narasimha Rao
SAPHO syndrome (synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, osteitis), a rare inflammatory disorder, is an association of distinct skin disorders with pustules with osteoarticular inflammation. Its etiology remains unclear, and various treatment regimens frequently fail to control the disease. An 18-year-old male patient presented to the outpatient department with severe nodulocystic acne on the face with pain at both the wrists and lower back associated with high-grade fever and chills. On physical examination, he had severe tenderness at both wrist joints and lower back, along with swelling of right wrist...
September 2016: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
Nathan A Monaco, C Liam Dwyer, Alex J Ferikes, John D Lubahn
Background: Volar plate fixation with locked screws has become the preferred treatment of displaced distal radius fractures that cannot be managed nonoperatively. This treatment, however, is not without complication. The purpose of this study was to determine what percentage of hand surgeons, over a 12-month period, have experienced a tendon complication when using volar plates for the treatment of distal radius fractures. Methods: A total of 3022 hand surgeons were e-mailed a link to an online questionnaire regarding their observation and treatment of tendon injuries associated with volar plating of distal radius fractures...
September 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
N A Johnson, J J Dias, C J Wildin, L Cutler, B Bhowal, A S Ullah
: This study investigated the accuracy and maintenance of reduction of intra-articular steps achieved with closed reduction and percutaneous K wires and open reduction and a volar locking plate for the treatment of intra-articular distal radius fractures. We performed a retrospective review of 359 patients with an intra-articular fracture of their distal radius. Multivariate linear regression was undertaken to investigate the influence of multiple variables such as age, gender, initial displacement and treatment method on reduction despite differences between groups...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
B Bickert, T Kremer, U Kneser
Closed tendon ruptures of the thumb that require secondary reconstruction can affect the extensor pollicis longus (EPL), extensor pollicis brevis (EPB) and flexor pollicis longus (FPL) tendons. Treatment of rupture of the EPB tendon consists of refixation to the bone and temporary transfixation of the joint. In the case of preexisting or posttraumatic arthrosis, definitive arthrodesis of the thumb is the best procedure. Closed ruptures of the EPL and FPL tendons at the wrist joint cannot be treated by direct tendon suture...
September 30, 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
J Fan, B Jiang, B Wang, K Chen, F Yuang, J Mei, G-R Yu
The aim of the study was to analysis soft-tissue complications of volar plate fixation and it's prevention strategies along with exploring clinical effects of preserving pronator quadratus (PQ) muscle. From February 2011 to February 2013, sixty-five patients with distal radius fracture underwent open reduction and internal fixation with the volar locking palmar plates. The group with preserving PQ involved 30 patients and group with PQ repair involved 35 patients. Surgeons must took great care of not -letting drill pierce dorsal cortical bone rapidly and dorsal carpal tangential fluoroscopy was also taken in addition to lateral fluoroscopy to get accurate screw length...
August 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
Kavin Khatri, Vijay Sharma, Kamran Farooque, Vivek Tiwari
BACKGROUND: Unstable distal end radius fractures are difficult to manage and so various treatment modalities have been described. The use of variable-angle locking plates is promoted for the management of these fractures. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the functional and radiological outcomes in unstable distal end radius fractures treated with variable-angle locking plates. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed 23 unstable distal end radius fractures that were treated at our institution with volar variable-angle locking plates...
June 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
N Diwersi, R Babst, B-C Link
THE PROBLEM: Dislocated intra-articular fractures of the distal radius are operatively treated to achieve anatomical reconstruction of the joint. In complex distal radial fractures with multiple joint fragments, fixation with angular stable plates alone may be technically challenging. Smaller fragments, such as the lip of ulnopalmar joint, are often difficult to control. THE SOLUTION: The supplementary application of mini plates, as employed in maxillofacial surgery, is a helpful tool for reduction and fixation...
October 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
N Bochud, Q Vallet, Y Bala, H Follet, J-G Minonzio, P Laugier
Recent progress in quantitative ultrasound has exploited the multimode waveguide response of long bones. Measurements of the guided modes, along with suitable waveguide modeling, have the potential to infer strength-related factors such as stiffness (mainly determined by cortical porosity) and cortical thickness. However, the development of such model-based approaches is challenging, in particular because of the multiparametric nature of the inverse problem. Current estimation methods in the bone field rely on a number of assumptions for pairing the incomplete experimental data with the theoretical guided modes (e...
October 7, 2016: Physics in Medicine and Biology
A Bhattacharyya, S Kumar
Deformity of wrist is very common after mal union of extra articular fractures over distal end of Radius. It causes limitation of movements too in different directions with or without pain. Deformity may be treated by different types of corrective osteotomy. We treated cases of this type of malunion with Fernandez osteotomy. This study is to observe the amount of correction and recovery of functional status in patients with malunited distal radius fractures treated with Fernandez osteotomy. This is a prospective study...
July 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
A K Bhat, A M Acharya, N Soni
Incidence of multiple flexor tendon rupture following distal radius fractures is rare with very few cases being reported in literature. We present an unusual case of a patient who had come to us with complaints of weakness and paresthesia of the right hand of one month prior and with a past history of dorsal plating for distal radius fracture nine years ago. Radiographs showed a distal radius fracture malunion with intact dorsal plate and protrusion of screws through the volar cortex. On exploration, attritional ruptures of all digital flexors were found with sparing of the Flexor Pollicis Longus tendon...
October 2016: J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol
Audrey Tan, Alphonsus Chong
BACKGROUND: With new low profile locked volar plate designs for distal radius fractures, soft tissue complications are uncommon. However, there are still patients who request to have their implants removed. In this study, we retrospectively reviewed the reasons for this. METHODS: We reviewed the hospital operative records of patients who had operative fixation of wrist fractures between November 2008 and May 2009. We examined the clinical records of these patients in order to ascertain if there was a difference in patient demographics between those who eventually had their implants removed and those who had their implants retained...
October 2016: J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol
Xiong Zhang, Chunhe Hu, Kunlun Yu, Jiangbo Bai, Dehu Tian, Yi Xu, Bing Zhang
PURPOSE: This study aims to evaluate whether volar locking plate was superior over non-locking plate in the treatment of die-punch fractures of the distal radius. METHOD: s: A total of 57 patients with closed die-punch fractures of the distal radius were included and analyzed. Of them, 32 were treated by non-locking plate (NLP) and the remaining 25 were treated by volar locking plate (VLP). Preoperative radiographs, computer tomographs and three-dimensional reconstruction, radiographs taken at immediate postoperation and at last follow-up were extracted and evaluated...
September 1, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Francesco Smeraglia, Angelo Del Buono, Nicola Maffulli
INTRODUCTION: Fractures of the distal radius account for 15% of all fractures. The use of arthroscopy is increasingly popular in the last years, with the goal to achieve a better anatomical reduction of the articular fragments. SOURCES OF DATA: We searched the literature on Medline (PubMed), Web of Science and Scopus databases using the combined keywords 'wrist', 'distal radial fracture', 'distal radius fracture' and 'arthroscopy'. Twenty-eight studies were identified...
September 2016: British Medical Bulletin
Serafim Tsitsilonis, David Machó, Sebastian Manegold, Björn Dirk Krapohl, Florian Wichlas
INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND: The operative treatment of distal radius fractures has significantly increased after the introduction of locking plates. The aim of the present study was the evaluation of health-related quality of life, functional and radiological outcome of patients with distal radius fractures treated with the locking compression plate (LCP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study 128 patients (130 fractures) that were operatively treated with the LCP (2...
2016: GMS Interdisciplinary Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery DGPW
Cheng Chen, Dakai Jin, Yinxiao Liu, Felix W Wehrli, Gregory Chang, Peter J Snyder, Ravinder R Regatte, Punam K Saha
Osteoporosis is associated with increased risk of fractures, which is clinically defined by low bone mineral density. Increasing evidence suggests that trabecular bone (TB) micro-architecture is an important determinant of bone strength and fracture risk. We present an improved volumetric topological analysis algorithm based on fuzzy skeletonization, results of its application on in vivo MR imaging, and compare its performance with digital topological analysis. The new VTA method eliminates data loss in the binarization step and yields accurate and robust measures of local plate-width for individual trabeculae, which allows classification of TB structures on the continuum between perfect plates and rods...
September 21, 2016: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Sadaaki Tsutsui, Keikichi Kawasaki, Ken-Ichi Yamakoshi, Eiichi Uchiyama, Mitsuhiro Aoki, Katsunori Inagaki
BACKGROUND: The present study compared the changes in biomechanical and radiographic properties under cyclic axial loadings between the 'double-tiered subchondral support' (DSS) group (wherein two rows of screws were used) and the 'non-DSS' (NDSS) group (wherein only one row of distal screws was used) using cadaveric forearm models of radius fractures fixed with a polyaxial locking plate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifteen fresh cadaveric forearms were surgically operated to generate an Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen (AO) type 23-C2 fracture model with the fixation of polyaxial volar locking plates...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
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