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Distal radius plate

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339843/distal-radius-re-fracture-with-bending-of-implant-and-neurovascular-compromise
#1
Rafiq Kanji, James Nutt, Spiros Stavropoulos, Ahmed Elmorsy, Hank J Schneider
Peri-implant fractures of the wrist are uncommon, and usually present as stress fractures distal to the site of the implant. We report an unusual case where the radius has fractured beneath a plate, causing bending and deformity of the implant. This prevented reduction of the fracture under sedation, so urgent intervention became necessary due to neurovascular compromise.
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241818/treatment-of-intra-articular-fracture-of-distal-radius-fractures%C3%A2-with-fluoroscopic-only-or-combined-with-arthroscopic-control%C3%A2-a-prospective-tomodensitometric-comparative-study-of-40-patients
#2
M Burnier, M Le Chatelier Riquier, G Herzberg
BACKGROUND: Considering articular distal radius fractures treated with volar plate, we hypothesized that articular radio-carpal displacement was better reduced with arthroscopic control than with only fluoroscopic control. METHODS: Forty patients with similar articular radius fracture (type C according to AO classification) and high functional needs were treated with volar plate fixation. They were divided in two comparative groups: 20 patients in Fluoroscopic group and 20 patients in Arthroscopic group...
December 11, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238111/distal-radius-nonunion-after-volar-locking-plate-fixation-of-a-distal-radius-fracture-a-case-report
#3
Takaaki Shinohara, Hitoshi Hirata
We describe a 59-year-old man who had nonunion of a right distal radius fracture after volar locking plate fixation. He underwent open reduction and internal fixation with a volar locking plate system for a dorsally displaced, unstable distal radius fracture at a previous hospital 5 months ago. Radiographs of the injured wrist showed nonunion of the distal radius with 1.5-mm ulnar minus variance. Radiographs of the unaffected wrist showed 3.5-mm ulnar plus variance. Intraoperative findings of surgical revision showed an unstable nonunion; thus, debridement of the nonunion, autogenous inlay bone grafting, and internal fixation using another type of volar locking plate system were performed...
November 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231799/the-minimally-invasive-approach-for-distal-radius-fractures-and-malunions
#4
Philippe A Liverneaux
This article reviews the author's currently used minimal invasive approach for volar plating of distal radius fractures. A single longitudinal incision of 1.5 cm is drawn on the lateral aspect of the flexor carpi radialis tendon in order to insert a plate under the pronator quadratus. With the wrist flexed, the plate is applied on the anterior cortex of the radius to reduce the fracture. This approach offers the advantage of preserving ligamentotaxis, which facilitates the reduction, and the small scar improves the cosmetics...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229540/in-vivo-confirmation-of-the-reliability-of-the-dorsal-tangential-view-of-the-wrist
#5
G Kiyak
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the reliability of the dorsal tangential view (DTV) of the wrist using direct visualization of the extensor compartments in vivo. Twelve patients with extensor tendon complications [nine patients with extensor synovitis, two patients with isolated extensor pollicis longus (EPL) rupture, one patient with EPL and extensor indicis proprius rupture] after volar plating of a distal radius fracture were enrolled in the study. We obtained DTVs in the operating room before implant removal and explored the extensor compartments during synovectomy or tendon reconstruction to confirm suspected screw penetration...
December 8, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228851/volar-locking-plate-fixation-versus-external-fixation-of-distal-radius-fractures-a-meta-analysis
#6
Conor J C Gouk, Randip R Bindra, Drew J Tarrant, Michael J E Thomas
This meta-analysis evaluates reported outcomes of volar locking plates versus external fixation for management of distal radius fractures. A comprehensive literature search was carried out using PubMed, embase, MEDLINE, and the Cochrane Library. Multiple outcomes were analysed: study characteristics, objective/subjective outcome measures, radiographic parameters, and complication rates. Nine studies containing 780 participants met the outlined inclusion criteria. Disabilities of the arm, shoulder, and hand scores significantly favoured volar locking plates, but only at 3 months was the difference clinically meaningful...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212691/longitudinal-recovery-following-distal-radial-fractures-managed-with-volar-plate-fixation
#7
REVIEW
S B Stinton, P L Graham, N A Moloney, L R Maclachlan, D W Edgar, E Pappas
AIMS: To synthesise the literature and perform a meta-analysis detailing the longitudinal recovery in the first two years following a distal radius fracture (DRF) managed with volar plate fixation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three databases were searched to identify relevant articles. Following eligibility screening and quality assessment, data were extracted and outcomes were assimilated at the post-operative time points of interest. A state-of-the-art longitudinal mixed-effects meta-analysis model was employed to analyse the data...
December 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202508/outcome-of-repair-of-distal-radial-and-ulnar-fractures-in-dogs-weighing-4-kg-or-less-using-a-1-5-mm-locking-adaption-plate-or-2-0-mm-limited-contact-dynamic-compression-plate
#8
Thomas A Nelson, Adam Strom
Objectives Retrospective evaluation of repairing distal radial and ulnar fractures in small breed dogs with the Synthes 1.5-mm locking Adaption plate system and compare results in a similar group of patients repaired with the Synthes 2.0-mm limited contact-dynamic compression plate (LC-DCP). Methods Electronic medical records from one specialty referral centre were reviewed from March 21, 2010, to October 9, 2015, for patients weighing less than or equal to 4 kg that had a distal one-third radial and ulnar fracture repaired with a Synthes 1...
November 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182121/primary-epiphyseal-and-metaepiphyseal-tubercular-osteomyelitis-in-children-a-series-of-8-case
#9
A Agarwal, N Gupta, M Mishra, N Agrawal, D Kumar
Clinical series of primary epiphyseal and metaepiphyseal tubercular osteomyelitis are few. The purpose of our study was to retrospectively review the presentation, healing response and functional results of 8 such cases in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The patients were evaluated for pain, deformity, range of motion, limb length discrepancy (if any) and recurrence. Serial radiographs of the region were studied to see remineralization, obliteration of radiological lesions, status of physis and remodeling of the growth plate...
December 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176479/effect-of-long-term-diving-on-the-morphology-and-growth-of-the-distal-radial-epiphyseal-plate-of-young-divers-a-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study
#10
Cici Zhang, Si Shen, Wen Zhang, Lin Qiu, Qingying Wu, Fei Wang, Sirun Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of long-term diving on the morphology and growth of the distal radial epiphyseal plate in young divers. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Guangzhou Sport University. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-eight professional divers, aged 10 to 17 years, and 25 age-matched volunteers. INTERVENTIONS: Each subject received a physical examination at the beginning of the study and underwent bilateral magnetic resonance imaging of the wrist...
November 13, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169592/distal-radius-fractures-in-a-functional-quadruped-spanning-bridge-plate-fixation-of-the-wrist
#11
REVIEW
Brian A Tinsley, Asif M Ilyas
Patients who require assistive devices with their hands for mobilization are called functional quadrupeds. These patients pose a unique challenge after they have a distal radius fracture, as their injury not only limits the wrist but also compromises ambulation. The authors propose a different treatment strategy for functional quadrupeds to improve mobilization and weight-bearing with the injured limb after a distal radius fracture. In this article, the authors define the functional quadruped and describe their technique of spanning bridge plate fixation with a retrospective review of patient outcomes...
February 2018: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166785/elevated-radiation-exposure-associated-with-above-surface-flat-detector-mini-c-arm-use
#12
Dennis P Martin, Talia Chapman, Christopher Williamson, Brian Tinsley, Asif M Ilyas, Mark L Wang
BACKGROUND: This study aims to test the hypothesis that: (1) radiation exposure is increased with the intended use of Flat Surface Image Intensifier (FSII) units above the operative surface compared with the traditional below-table configuration; (2) this differential increases in a dose-dependent manner; and (3) radiation exposure varies with body part and proximity to the radiation source. METHODS: A surgeon mannequin was seated at a radiolucent hand table, positioned for volar distal radius plating...
November 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165015/lessons-learned-from-volar-plate-fixation-of-scaphoid-fracture-nonunions
#13
Seth D Dodds, John B Williams, Max Seiter, Clark Chen
Treating scaphoid nonunions presents difficulties particularly when there is bone loss, significant humpback deformity or avascular necrosis. We describe a new type of fixation with a volar scaphoid plate that adds to the methods of internal fixation that are available for the treatment of recalcitrant scaphoid nonunions. We will also discuss 'lessons learned' from a cases series. The case series includes 20 consecutive patients treated with volar buttress plating and a pedicled vascularized bone graft from the ipsilateral volar distal radius...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159548/applicability-of-the-aaos-appropriate-use-criteria-for-distal-radius-fractures-in-surgical-practice
#14
Talal Ibrahim, Osama M S Aldahamsheh, Abdelsalam Hegazy, Hassan M K Ghomrawi
PURPOSE: The appropriate-use criteria (AUC) for distal radius fracture (DRF) was developed by the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) to aid surgeons in making evidence-based treatment decisions for DRFs. The aim of our study was to cross-reference the management of operatively treated DRFs with the web-based AAOS published AUC recommendations. METHODS: The AUC for DRF evaluates the appropriateness of ten treatment options for each of 240 mutually exclusive patient scenarios based on the combination of five factors...
November 20, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154969/adults-with-cystic-fibrosis-have-deficits-in-bone-structure-and-strength-at-the-distal-tibia-despite-similar-size-and-measuring-standard-and-relative-sites
#15
Kyle K Nishiyama, Sanchita Agarwal, Anna Kepley, Fernando Rosete, Yizhong Hu, X Edward Guo, Claire L Keating, Emily A DiMango, Elizabeth Shane
Individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF) have lower bone mineral density (BMD) by DXA and are at higher risk of fracture than healthy controls. However, the 2-dimensional measurement of areal BMD (aBMD) provided by DXA is influenced by bone size and the true extent of the bone deficit is unclear. Our objective was to use high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT) and individual trabecula segmentation (ITS) analysis to compare volumetric BMD (vBMD), microarchitecture and estimated strength at the distal radius and tibia in 26 young adults with CF and 26 controls matched for age, gender, and race...
November 14, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130881/distal-radius-skyline-view-how-to-prevent-dorsal-cortical-penetration
#16
Benjamin C Taylor, Andy R Malarkey, Ryan L Eschbaugh, John Gentile
Volar locked plating has become a standard treatment for operative stabilization of distal radius fractures. It is assumed that volar plating portends a low risk of extensor tendon irritation and rupture, especially when compared with dorsal plating constructs; however, extensor tendon tenosynovitis and rupture is a well-described complication after volar plating of the distal radius. Dorsal cortical penetration of screws may go unnoticed with traditional intraoperative fluoroscopic techniques and may contribute to extensor tendon irritation...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130877/reduction-loss-after-distal-radius-fracture-fixation-with-locked-volar-plates
#17
Michael M Vosbikian, Constantinos Ketonis, Ronald Huang, James A Costanzo, Asif M Ilyas
Distal radius fractures are among the most common injuries in the upper extremity. While many studies have looked at the maintenance of reduction with volar locking plates, there is a paucity of literature comparing the ability of different plates to maintain reduction over time. This study reviews the ability of various plates to maintain radiographic reduction at union after distal radius fracture treatment. Loss of some aspect of fracture reduction was routinely observed following locked volar plating regardless of implant...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122121/a-biomechanical-comparison-of-four-fixed-angle-dorsal-plates-in-a-finite-element-model-of-dorsally-unstable-radius-fracture
#18
Josip Knežević, Janoš Kodvanj, Fabijan Čukelj, Frane Pamuković, Arsen Pavić
PURPOSE: To compare the finite element models of two different composite radius fracture patterns, reduced and stabilised with four different fixed-angle dorsal plates during axial, dorsal and volar loading conditions. METHODS: Eight different plastic models representing four AO/ASIF type 23-A3 distal radius fractures and four AO/ASIF 23-C2 distal radius fractures were obtained and fixed each with 1 of 4 methods: a standard dorsal non-anatomical fixed angle T-plate (3...
November 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122119/avoiding-radial-nerve-palsy-in-proximal-radius-shaft-plating-a-cadaver-study
#19
Angelika M Schwarz, Gloria M Hohenberger, Andreas H Weiglein, Regina Riedl, Mario Staresinic, Stephan Grechenig
BACKGROUND: Opinions vary concerning the position of forearm rotation during detachment of the supinator in radial nerve palsy Henry's and Thompson's approaches. PURPOSE: To define the optimal forearm position for a safe detachment of the supinator during these approaches and to clarify their close relationship to the posterior interosseous nerve (PIN). METHODS: The study sample comprised 90 upper extremities of 45 human adult cadavers, embalmed using Thiel's method...
November 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121215/trabecular-bone-morphology-correlates-with-skeletal-maturity-and-body-composition-in-healthy-adolescent-girls
#20
Deborah M Mitchell, Signe Caksa, Amy Yuan, Mary L Bouxsein, Madhusmita Misra, Sherri-Ann M Burnett-Bowie
Context: Growth in healthy children is associated with changes in bone density and microarchitecture. Trabecular morphology is an additional important determinant of bone strength, but little is currently known about trabecular morphology in healthy young people. Objective: To investigate associations of trabecular morphology with increasing maturity and with body composition in healthy girls. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Academic research center...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
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