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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920973/consumption-of-caffeinated-energy-drinks-among-youth-and-young-adults-in-canada
#1
Jessica L Reid, Cassondra McCrory, Christine M White, Chantal Martineau, Pat Vanderkooy, Nancy Fenton, David Hammond
The growing market for caffeinated energy drinks (CEDs) has caused concern about excessive caffeine intake and potential adverse effects, particularly among young people. The current study examined patterns of CED consumption among youth and young adults in Canada, using data from a national online survey conducted in October 2014. Data from a non-probability sample of 2040 respondents aged 12-24 from a consumer panel was weighted to national proportions; measures of CED consumption were estimated, including prevalence, excessive daily consumption, and context for use (locations and reasons)...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897004/identifying-genetic-associations-with-variability-in-metabolic-health-and-blood-count-laboratory-values-diving-into-the-quantitative-traits-by-leveraging-longitudinal-data-from-an-ehr
#2
Shefali S Verma, Anastasia M Lucas, Daniel R Lavage, Joseph B Leader, Raghu Metpally, Sarathbabu Krishnamurthy, Frederick Dewey, Ingrid Borecki, Alexander Lopez, John Overton, John Penn, Jeffrey Reid, Sarah A Pendergrass, Gerda Breitwieser, Marylyn D Ritchie
A wide range of patient health data is recorded in Electronic Health Records (EHR). This data includes diagnosis, surgical procedures, clinical laboratory measurements, and medication information. Together this information reflects the patient's medical history. Many studies have efficiently used this data from the EHR to find associations that are clinically relevant, either by utilizing International Classification of Diseases, version 9 (ICD-9) codes or laboratory measurements, or by designing phenotype algorithms to extract case and control status with accuracy from the EHR...
2016: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782854/molecular-profiling-of-advanced-solid-tumors-and-patient-outcomes-with-genotype-matched-clinical-trials-the-princess-margaret-impact-compact-trial
#3
Tracy L Stockley, Amit M Oza, Hal K Berman, Natasha B Leighl, Jennifer J Knox, Frances A Shepherd, Eric X Chen, Monika K Krzyzanowska, Neesha Dhani, Anthony M Joshua, Ming-Sound Tsao, Stefano Serra, Blaise Clarke, Michael H Roehrl, Tong Zhang, Mahadeo A Sukhai, Nadia Califaretti, Mateya Trinkaus, Patricia Shaw, Theodorus van der Kwast, Lisa Wang, Carl Virtanen, Raymond H Kim, Albiruni R A Razak, Aaron R Hansen, Celeste Yu, Trevor J Pugh, Suzanne Kamel-Reid, Lillian L Siu, Philippe L Bedard
BACKGROUND: The clinical utility of molecular profiling of tumor tissue to guide treatment of patients with advanced solid tumors is unknown. Our objectives were to evaluate the frequency of genomic alterations, clinical "actionability" of somatic variants, enrollment in mutation-targeted or other clinical trials, and outcome of molecular profiling for advanced solid tumor patients at the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (PM). METHODS: Patients with advanced solid tumors aged ≥18 years, good performance status, and archival tumor tissue available were prospectively consented...
October 25, 2016: Genome Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770852/comparison-of-next-generation-sequencing-panels-and-platforms-for-detection-and-verification-of-somatic-tumor-variants-for-clinical-diagnostics
#4
Maksym Misyura, Tong Zhang, Mahadeo A Sukhai, Mariam Thomas, Swati Garg, Suzanne Kamel-Reid, Tracy L Stockley
Use of next-generation sequencing to detect somatic variants in DNA extracted from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tumor tissues poses a challenge for clinical molecular diagnostic laboratories because of variable DNA quality and quantity, and the potential to detect low allele frequency somatic variants difficult to verify by non-next-generation sequencing methods. We evaluated somatic variant detection performance of the MiSeq and Ion Proton benchtop sequencers using two commercially available panels, the TruSeq Amplicon Cancer Panel and the AmpliSeq Cancer Hotspot Panel Version 2...
November 2016: Journal of Molecular Diagnostics: JMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769621/discovery-of-imidazopyridazines-as-potent-pim-1-2-kinase-inhibitors
#5
Ryan P Wurz, Christine Sastri, Derin C D'Amico, Brad Herberich, Claire L M Jackson, Liping H Pettus, Andrew S Tasker, Bin Wu, Nadia Guerrero, J Russell Lipford, Jeffrey T Winston, Yajing Yang, Paul Wang, Yen Nguyen, Kristin L Andrews, Xin Huang, Matthew R Lee, Christopher Mohr, J D Zhang, Darren L Reid, Yang Xu, Yihong Zhou, Hui-Ling Wang
High levels of Pim expression have been implicated in several hematopoietic and solid tumor cancers, suggesting that inhibition of Pim signaling could provide patients with therapeutic benefit. Herein, we describe our progress towards this goal using a screening hit (rac-1) as a starting point. Modification of the indazole ring resulted in the discovery of a series of imidazopyridazine-based Pim inhibitors exemplified by compound 22m, which was found to be a subnanomolar inhibitor of the Pim-1 and Pim-2 isoforms (IC50 values of 0...
October 1, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604308/advantages-and-pitfalls-of-an-extended-gene-panel-for-investigating-complex-neurometabolic-phenotypes
#6
Emma S Reid, Apostolos Papandreou, Suzanne Drury, Christopher Boustred, Wyatt W Yue, Yehani Wedatilake, Clare Beesley, Thomas S Jacques, Glenn Anderson, Lara Abulhoul, Alex Broomfield, Maureen Cleary, Stephanie Grunewald, Sophia M Varadkar, Nick Lench, Shamima Rahman, Paul Gissen, Peter T Clayton, Philippa B Mills
Neurometabolic disorders are markedly heterogeneous, both clinically and genetically, and are characterized by variable neurological dysfunction accompanied by suggestive neuroimaging or biochemical abnormalities. Despite early specialist input, delays in diagnosis and appropriate treatment initiation are common. Next-generation sequencing approaches still have limitations but are already enabling earlier and more efficient diagnoses in these patients. We designed a gene panel targeting 614 genes causing inborn errors of metabolism and tested its diagnostic efficacy in a paediatric cohort of 30 undiagnosed patients presenting with variable neurometabolic phenotypes...
September 6, 2016: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581193/characterizing-the-population-structure-and-genetic-diversity-of-maize-breeding-germplasm-in-southwest-china-using-genome-wide-snp-markers
#7
Xiao Zhang, Hua Zhang, Lujiang Li, Hai Lan, Zhiyong Ren, Dan Liu, Ling Wu, Hailan Liu, Jennifer Jaqueth, Bailin Li, Guangtang Pan, Shibin Gao
BACKGROUND: Maize breeding germplasm used in Southwest China has high complexity because of the diverse ecological features of this area. In this study, the population structure, genetic diversity, and linkage disequilibrium decay distance of 362 important inbred lines collected from the breeding program of Southwest China were characterized using the MaizeSNP50 BeadChip with 56,110 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). RESULTS: With respect to population structure, two (Tropical and Temperate), three (Tropical, Stiff Stalk and non-Stiff Stalk), four [Tropical, group A germplasm derived from modern U...
2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552071/newborn-screening-a-review-of-history-recent-advancements-and-future-perspectives-in-the-era-of-next-generation-sequencing
#8
Mohammed Almannai, Ronit Marom, V Reid Sutton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize the development and recent advancements of newborn screening. RECENT FINDINGS: Early initiation of medical care has modified the outcome for many disorders that were previously associated with high morbidity (such as cystic fibrosis, primary immune deficiencies, and inborn errors of metabolism) or with significant neurodevelopmental disabilities (such as phenylketonuria and congenital hypothyroidism)...
December 2016: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496117/genetic-familial-high-risk-assessment-colorectal-version-1-2016-nccn-clinical-practice-guidelines-in-oncology
#9
Dawn Provenzale, Samir Gupta, Dennis J Ahnen, Travis Bray, Jamie A Cannon, Gregory Cooper, Donald S David, Dayna S Early, Deborah Erwin, James M Ford, Francis M Giardiello, William Grady, Amy L Halverson, Stanley R Hamilton, Heather Hampel, Mohammad K Ismail, Jason B Klapman, David W Larson, Audrey J Lazenby, Patrick M Lynch, Robert J Mayer, Reid M Ness, Scott E Regenbogen, Niloy Jewel Samadder, Moshe Shike, Gideon Steinbach, David Weinberg, Mary Dwyer, Susan Darlow
This is a focused update highlighting the most current NCCN Guidelines for diagnosis and management of Lynch syndrome. Lynch syndrome is the most common cause of hereditary colorectal cancer, usually resulting from a germline mutation in 1 of 4 DNA mismatch repair genes (MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, or PMS2), or deletions in the EPCAM promoter. Patients with Lynch syndrome are at an increased lifetime risk, compared with the general population, for colorectal cancer, endometrial cancer, and other cancers, including of the stomach and ovary...
August 2016: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443194/assessment-of-progressively-delayed-prompts-on-guided-skill-learning-in-rats
#10
Alliston K Reid, Sara E Futch, Katherine M Ball, Aubrey G Knight, Martha Tucker
We examined the controlling factors that allow a prompted skill to become autonomous in a discrete-trials implementation of Touchette's (1971) progressively delayed prompting procedure, but our subjects were rats rather than children with disabilities. Our prompted skill was a left-right lever-press sequence guided by two panel lights. We manipulated (a) the effectiveness of the guiding lights prompt and (b) the presence or absence of a progressively delayed prompt in four groups of rats. The less effective prompt yielded greater autonomy than the more effective prompt...
July 21, 2016: Learning & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27316382/immunologic-effects-of-continuous-flow-left-ventricular-assist-devices-before-and-after-heart-transplant
#11
Byung-Soo Ko, Stavros Drakos, Abdallah G Kfoury, Denise Hurst, Gregory J Stoddard, Carrie A Willis, Julio C Delgado, Elizabeth H Hammond, Edward M Gilbert, Rami Alharethi, Monica P Revelo, Jose Nativi-Nicolau, Bruce B Reid, Stephen H McKellar, Omar Wever-Pinzon, Dylan V Miller, David D Eckels, James C Fang, Craig H Selzman, Josef Stehlik
BACKGROUND: Immune allosensitization can be triggered by continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (CF LVAD). However, the effect of this type of allosensitization on post-transplant outcomes remains controversial. This study examined the post-transplant course in a contemporary cohort of patients undergoing transplantation with and without LVAD bridging. METHODS: We included consecutive patients who were considered for cardiac transplant from 2006 to 2015...
August 2016: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27314647/the-current-skills-gaps-in-analytical-sciences-are-failing-industry-debate-at-the-21st-international-reid-bioanalytical-forum
#12
Neil Spooner, Timothy Sangster
21st International Reid Bioanalytical Forum, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK, 7-10 September 2015 The 21st International Reid Bioanalytical Forum held between 7 and 10 September 2015, brought together over 100 scientists from around the world, representing industry, academia and vendors, for 4 days of engaging science at the University of Surrey in Guildford, UK. The scientific program consisted of 43 podium and 23 poster presentations from key opinion leaders and those just setting out on their scientific career...
July 2016: Bioanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27118291/hypertension-canada-s-2016-canadian-hypertension-education-program-guidelines-for-blood-pressure-measurement-diagnosis-assessment-of-risk-prevention-and-treatment-of-hypertension
#13
Alexander A Leung, Kara Nerenberg, Stella S Daskalopoulou, Kerry McBrien, Kelly B Zarnke, Kaberi Dasgupta, Lyne Cloutier, Mark Gelfer, Maxime Lamarre-Cliche, Alain Milot, Peter Bolli, Guy Tremblay, Donna McLean, Sheldon W Tobe, Marcel Ruzicka, Kevin D Burns, Michel Vallée, G V Ramesh Prasad, Marcel Lebel, Ross D Feldman, Peter Selby, Andrew Pipe, Ernesto L Schiffrin, Philip A McFarlane, Paul Oh, Robert A Hegele, Milan Khara, Thomas W Wilson, S Brian Penner, Ellen Burgess, Robert J Herman, Simon L Bacon, Simon W Rabkin, Richard E Gilbert, Tavis S Campbell, Steven Grover, George Honos, Patrice Lindsay, Michael D Hill, Shelagh B Coutts, Gord Gubitz, Norman R C Campbell, Gordon W Moe, Jonathan G Howlett, Jean-Martin Boulanger, Ally Prebtani, Pierre Larochelle, Lawrence A Leiter, Charlotte Jones, Richard I Ogilvie, Vincent Woo, Janusz Kaczorowski, Luc Trudeau, Robert J Petrella, Swapnil Hiremath, Denis Drouin, Kim L Lavoie, Pavel Hamet, George Fodor, Jean C Grégoire, Richard Lewanczuk, George K Dresser, Mukul Sharma, Debra Reid, Scott A Lear, Gregory Moullec, Milan Gupta, Laura A Magee, Alexander G Logan, Kevin C Harris, Janis Dionne, Anne Fournier, Geneviève Benoit, Janusz Feber, Luc Poirier, Raj S Padwal, Doreen M Rabi
Hypertension Canada's Canadian Hypertension Education Program Guidelines Task Force provides annually updated, evidence-based recommendations to guide the diagnosis, assessment, prevention, and treatment of hypertension. This year, we present 4 new recommendations, as well as revisions to 2 previous recommendations. In the diagnosis and assessment of hypertension, automated office blood pressure, taken without patient-health provider interaction, is now recommended as the preferred method of measuring in-office blood pressure...
May 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27029629/a-targeted-resequencing-gene-panel-for-focal-epilepsy
#14
Michael S Hildebrand, Candace T Myers, Gemma L Carvill, Brigid M Regan, John A Damiano, Saul A Mullen, Mark R Newton, Umesh Nair, Elena V Gazina, Carol J Milligan, Christopher A Reid, Steven Petrou, Ingrid E Scheffer, Samuel F Berkovic, Heather C Mefford
OBJECTIVES: We report development of a targeted resequencing gene panel for focal epilepsy, the most prevalent phenotypic group of the epilepsies. METHODS: The targeted resequencing gene panel was designed using molecular inversion probe (MIP) capture technology and sequenced using massively parallel Illumina sequencing. RESULTS: We demonstrated proof of principle that mutations can be detected in 4 previously genotyped focal epilepsy cases...
April 26, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26849318/sensory-profiles-and-seasonal-variation-of-black-walnut-cultivars
#15
Catherine Lynch, Kadri Koppel, William Reid
Black walnut (Juglans nigra L.) is a North American hardwood tree valued for producing nuts and wood. Black walnut cultivars were evaluated by a trained panel over 2 growing seasons to determine the seasonal variation in the sensory profile. Results showed that cultivars were significantly different on 3 appearance (skin color, nutmeat color, and kernel roughness), 1 aroma (black walnut ID), 5 flavor (black walnut ID, banana-like, piny, rancid, and overall nutty), and 2 texture attributes (surface roughness and hardness)...
March 2016: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26839074/the-case-in-favour-of-probiotics-before-during-and-after-pregnancy-insights-from-the-first-1-500-days
#16
G Reid, H Kumar, A I Khan, S Rautava, J Tobin, S Salminen
Successful human reproduction requires microbial homeostasis in the female reproductive tract, and colonisation of the newborn with beneficial microbes. In order to prevent several complications associated with dysbiosis, the administration of probiotics is more often being considered. The objective of the enclosed review was to examine the rationale for probiotic utility before and during pregnancy and in the early phase of infant life. The conclusions emerged from a panel of researchers who met during the International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics (ISAPP) workshop held in Washington, DC, USA in 2015...
June 2016: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26731245/pathways-to-care-for-critically-ill-or-injured-children-a-cohort-study-from-first-presentation-to-healthcare-services-through-to-admission-to-intensive-care-or-death
#17
Peter Hodkinson, Andrew Argent, Lee Wallis, Steve Reid, Rafael Perera, Sian Harrison, Matthew Thompson, Mike English, Ian Maconochie, Alison Ward
PURPOSE: Critically ill or injured children require prompt identification, rapid referral and quality emergency management. We undertook a study to evaluate the care pathway of critically ill or injured children to identify preventable failures in the care provided. METHODS: A year-long cohort study of critically ill and injured children was performed in Cape Town, South Africa, from first presentation to healthcare services until paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admission or emergency department death, using expert panel review of medical records and caregiver interview...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26615020/delineation-of-mgmt-hypermethylation-as-a-biomarker-for-veliparib-mediated-temozolomide-sensitizing-therapy-of-glioblastoma
#18
Shiv K Gupta, Sani H Kizilbash, Brett L Carlson, Ann C Mladek, Felix Boakye-Agyeman, Katrina K Bakken, Jenny L Pokorny, Mark A Schroeder, Paul A Decker, Ling Cen, Jeanette E Eckel-Passow, Gobinda Sarkar, Karla V Ballman, Joel M Reid, Robert B Jenkins, Roeland G Verhaak, Erik P Sulman, Gaspar J Kitange, Jann N Sarkaria
BACKGROUND: Sensitizing effects of poly-ADP-ribose polymerase inhibitors have been studied in several preclinical models, but a clear understanding of predictive biomarkers is lacking. In this study, in vivo efficacy of veliparib combined with temozolomide (TMZ) was evaluated in a large panel of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) patient-derived xenografts (PDX) and potential biomarkers were analyzed. METHODS: The efficacy of TMZ alone vs TMZ/veliparib was compared in a panel of 28 GBM PDX lines grown as orthotopic xenografts (8-10 mice per group); all tests of statistical significance were two-sided...
May 2016: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26589524/expected-and-unexpected-consequences-of-the-affordable-care-act-the-impact-on-patients-and-surgeons-pro-and-con-arguments
#19
Marek Rudnicki, John H Armstrong, Clancy Clark, Stuart G Marcus, Lee Sacks, A James Moser, K Marie Reid-Lombardo
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), called the Affordable Care Act (ACA) or "ObamaCare" for short, was enacted in 2010. The Public Policy and Advocacy Committee of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract (SSAT) hosted a debate with an expert panel to discuss the ACA and its impact on surgical care after the first year of patient enrollment. The purpose of this debate was to focus on the impact of ACA on the public and surgeons. At the core of the ACA are insurance industry reforms and expanded coverage, with a goal of improved clinical outcomes and reduced costs of care...
February 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26561558/insr-igf1r-pathway-mediates-resistance-to-egfr-inhibitors-in-glioblastoma
#20
Yufang Ma, Nan Tang, Reid C Thompson, Bret C Mobley, Steven W Clark, Jann N Sarkaria, Jialiang Wang
PURPOSE: Aberrant activation of EGFR is a hallmark of glioblastoma. However, EGFR inhibitors exhibit at best modest efficacy in glioblastoma. This is in sharp contrast with the observations in EGFR-mutant lung cancer. We examined whether activation of functionally redundant receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) conferred resistance to EGFR inhibitors in glioblastoma. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We collected a panel of patient-derived glioblastoma xenograft (PDX) lines that maintained expression of wild-type or mutant EGFR in serial xenotransplantation and tissue cultures...
April 1, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
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