keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Anticoagulation cardiac surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807405/initiation-of-a-multidisciplinary-rapid-response-team-to-massive-and-submassive-pulmonary-embolism
#1
Brett J Carroll, Heather Pemberton, Kenneth A Bauer, Louis M Chu, Jeffrey L Weinstein, Barbara L Levarge, Duane S Pinto
Pulmonary embolism (PE) can result in rapid clinical decompensation in many patients. With increasing patient complexity and advanced treatment options for PE, multidisciplinary, rapid response teams can optimize risk stratification and expedite management strategies. The Massive And Submassive Clot On-call Team (MASCOT) was created at our institution, which comprised specialists from cardiology, pulmonology, hematology, interventional radiology, and cardiac surgery. MASCOT offers rapid consultation 24 hours a day with a web-based conference call to review patient data and discuss management of patients with high-risk PE...
July 26, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790281/-perioperative-management-for-prevention-of-cardiac-complications-in-general-thoracic-surgery
#2
Terumoto Koike, Masanori Tsuchida
For general thoracic surgeons, perioperative management for prevention of cardiac complications is important because patients undergoing general thoracic surgery often have risk factors for cardiac disease. Sever cardiac failure should be detected and treated prior to surgery, and coronary artery may be examined in patients with risk factors for ischemic heart disease. Pulmonary resection sometimes causes right-sided heart failure due to reducing pulmonary vascular bed. In high-risk patients for rightsided heart failure, pulmonary artery pressure monitoring by right heart catheterization should be considered in addition to blood pressure and central venous pressure monitoring, and precise fluid management is required...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790049/cor-triatriatum-and-stroke
#3
Jose Danilo Bengzon Diestro, Joseph Justin Hipolito Regaldo, Eddieson Masangcay Gonzales, Maria Kristina Casanova Dorotan, Adrian Isidro Espiritu, Jose Leonard Rivera Pascual
Cor triatriatum sinistrum (CTS) is a congenital anomaly where the left atrium is divided into two compartments by a fibromuscular membrane. This report aims to add to the literature on a rare cardiac condition that can cause neurological morbidity. We report a case of a 19-year-old female with an infarct in the right middle cerebral artery (MCA) territory initially maintained on aspirin. Eighteen months later, she had recurrence of weakness, for which repeat transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and re-evaluation of the first TTE demonstrated a hyperechoic membrane spanning the width of the left atrium, clinching the diagnosis of CTS...
August 8, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789610/management-of-refractory-bleeding-post-cardiopulmonary-bypass-in-an-acute-heparin-induced-thrombocytopenia-type-ii-renal-failure-patient-who-underwent-urgent-cardiac-surgery-with-bivalirudin-angiox-%C3%A2-anticoagulation
#4
Kimberly Hassen, Maria R Maccaroni, Haytham Sabry, Smitangshu Mukherjee, Shankari Serumadar, Inderpaul Birdi
Acute heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) patients present myriad anticoagulation management challenges in clinical settings where unfractionated heparin (UFH) is the traditional drug of choice. UFH use in cardiac surgery is a known entity that has been subject to rigorous research. Research has, thus, led to its unparalleled use and the development of well-established protocols for cardiac surgery. In comparison to UFH, bivalirudin use for acute HIT patients requiring urgent cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is still in its infancy...
August 1, 2017: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761995/intermediate-term-thrombotic-risk-in-contemporary-total-cavo-pulmonary-connection-for-single-ventricle-circulations
#5
Jenna M Faircloth, Olivia Roe, Tarek Alsaied, Joseph S Palumbo, Alexander Vinks, Gruschen R Veldtman
Despite the common occurrence of thrombosis in Fontan circulations, the mid-term thrombotic risk beyond the first two postoperative years is poorly defined especially in total cavo pulmonary Fontan. This study examines the thrombotic incidence and risk beyond the first 2 years after contemporary Fontan surgery. Using a retrospective cohort study design, 89 Fontan patients, 50 male, were included and evaluated with a median of 8.3 years (IQR 6.8-11.4) follow-up. Hospital records were reviewed for known risk factors of thrombosis, thrombotic events, antiplatelet and anticoagulation management, and basic characteristics...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743779/treatment-of-pulmonary-embolism-with-argatroban-and-ultrasound-assisted-catheter-directed-thrombolysis-with-alteplase-in-a-patient-with-heparin-induced-thrombocytopenia
#6
Brittany T Bethea, John W Elliot, John B Richardson, Mustafa I Ahmed
PURPOSE: Successful ultrasound-assisted catheter-directed thrombolysis (USAT) with low-dose alteplase and argatroban in a patient with bilateral pulmonary embolism (PE) secondary to heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is reported. SUMMARY: HIT is a life-threatening complication associated with a high risk of thromboembolism. Systemic anticoagulation for the treatment of thrombosis may not be sufficient in the presence of PE. Catheter-directed treatment may be indicated in patients with PE and associated right ventricular dysfunction...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743482/adult-congenital-heart-disease-in-greece-preliminary-data-from-the-challenge-registry
#7
G Giannakoulas, K Vasiliadis, A Frogoudaki, C Ntellos, A Tzifa, S Brili, A Manginas, M Papaphylactou, D Parcharidou, N Kampourides, A Pitsis, A Chamaidi, M Kolios, G Papadopoulos, A Douras, P Davlouros, D Ntiloudi, H Karvounis, A Kalangos, C Tsioufis, S Rammos
BACKGROUND: The majority of patients with congenital heart disease (CHD), nowadays, survives into adulthood and is faced with long-term complications. We aimed to study the basic demographic and clinical characteristics of adult patients with congenital heart disease (ACHD) in Greece. METHODS: A registry named CHALLENGE (Adult Congenital Heart Disease Registry. A registry from Hellenic Cardiology Society) was initiated in January 2012. Patients with structural CHD older than 16years old were enrolled by 16 specialized centers nationwide...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704244/implementation-of-a-standardized-transfusion-protocol-for-cardiac-patients-treated-with-venoarterial-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-is-associated-with-decreased-blood-component-utilization-and-may-improve-clinical-outcome
#8
Christine M Cahill, Neil Blumberg, Amy E Schmidt, Peter A Knight, Amber L Melvin, Howard T Massey, Joseph M Delehanty, Seth B Zebrak, Majed A Refaai
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation supplies oxygenated blood to the body supporting the heart and lungs. Survival rates of 20% to 50% are reported among patients receiving ECMO for cardiac arrest, severe cardiogenic shock, or failure to wean from cardiopulmonary bypass following cardiac surgery. Bleeding is one of the most common complications in ECMO patients due to coagulopathy, systemic anticoagulation, and the presence of large bore cannulas at systemic pressure. Absence of a standardized transfusion protocol in this population leads to inconsistent transfusion practices...
July 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671806/valvular-heart-disease-in-adults-management-of-prosthetic-heart-valves
#9
John F Trujillo, Steven M Hollenberg
Patients undergoing cardiac valve replacement may receive mechanical or bioprosthetic valves. Mechanical valves require lifelong anticoagulation but are durable and the need for a second surgery is up to eightfold times less than with bioprosthetic valves. Bioprosthetic valves do not require lifelong anticoagulation and thus are associated with fewer bleeding complications but they are less durable and associated with higher morbidity and mortality rates, particularly in younger patients. Anticoagulation with mechanical valves is achieved using warfarin; use of direct-acting oral anticoagulants is not indicated...
June 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651993/evaluation-of-bleeding-risk-in-patients-on-anticoagulation-for-mechanical-cardiac-valve-operated-for-benign-prostatic-obstruction
#10
S Gardic, V Misrai, A R Azzouzi, A Campeggi, J-N Cornu, A De La Taille, S Lebdai, R Mathieu, G Robert, A Descazeaud
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate bleeding risk in patients on anticoagulation for mechanical cardiac valve operated for benign prostatic obstruction (BPO). MATERIAL AND METHOD: Fifty-eight patients operated between 1998 and 2014, in seven French departments of Urology were included. Forty-five patients were operated by conventional surgery (transurethral resection of the prostate 38, open simple prostatectomies 7), and 13 patients were operated by Greenlight™ photovaporization of the prostate (PVP)...
June 23, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625383/the-assessment-of-the-watchman-device-in-patients-unsuitable-for-oral-anticoagulation-asap-too-trial
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
David R Holmes, Vivek Y Reddy, Maurice Buchbinder, Kenneth Stein, Myriah Elletson, Martin W Bergmann, Boris Schmidt, Jacqueline Saw
BACKGROUND: Oral anticoagulants (OACs) reduce stroke risks with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF); however, they are underused because of absolute or relative contraindications due to real or perceived risk of bleeding. Although left atrial appendage closure is increasingly performed in OAC-ineligible patients, this has not been studied in a randomized controlled trial. STUDY OBJECTIVES: The ASAP-TOO study is designed to establish the safety and effectiveness of the Watchman left atrial appendage closure device in patients with nonvalvular AF who are deemed ineligible for OAC...
July 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614119/pump-priming-practices-and-anticoagulation-in-cardiac-surgery-results-from-the-global-cardiopulmonary-bypass-survey
#12
Lachlan F Miles, Timothy G Coulson, Carlos Galhardo, Florian Falter
BACKGROUND: Regional patterns of practice in cardiopulmonary bypass remain poorly understood with conflicting evidence regarding the best choices in pump priming preferences with respect to colloid and crystalloid and different types of fluid within these categories. In light of the variation in the literature, we hypothesized there would be considerable regional differences in cardiopulmonary bypass practice, particularly with respect to the type of fluid used to prime the extracorporeal circuit...
June 12, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584429/thromboelastography-for-evaluation-of-coagulopathy-in-nonbleeding-patients-with-sepsis-at-intensive-care-unit-admission
#13
Syed Nabeel Muzaffar, Arvind Kumar Baronia, Afzal Azim, Anupam Verma, Mohan Gurjar, Banani Poddar, Ratender Kumar Singh
BACKGROUND: Thromboelastography (TEG) is a global test of coagulation which analyzes the whole coagulation process. TEG is popular in trauma, liver transplant, and cardiac surgeries, but studies in sepsis are limited. We have assessed the utility of TEG for evaluating coagulopathy in nonbleeding patients with sepsis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, observational study was done in 12-bedded Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of a tertiary care hospital in North India, during May 2014-November 2014...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570323/neurologic-complications-of-cardiac-and-aortic-disease
#14
James P Klaas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article discusses neurologic complications that can arise from cardiac and aortic disease and dysfunction. RECENT FINDINGS: Advances in the care of patients with cardiac or aortic disease include the use of prolonged cardiac monitoring in cryptogenic stroke and the approval of the use of left atrial appendage closure devices for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation who are not candidates for anticoagulation. Continuing controversy surrounds patent foramen ovale closure, and new evidence indicates that cognitive impairment following coronary artery bypass grafting surgery may be less common than previously thought...
June 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567361/unexpected-evolution-of-a-non-stenotic-lesion-in-the-left-main-coronary-artery-of-a-patient-with-non-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#15
Alexandru Florin Ispas, Lionel Mangin, Alexandru Paziuc, Loic Belle
A 72-year-old man was referred to our catheterization laboratory 48 hours after a non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. His medical history included coronary artery disease (CAD) (percutaneous coronary intervention of the right coronary artery and chronic total occlusion of the circumflex artery), atrial fibrillation (AF), and chronic kidney disease. An electrocardiogram showed a pre-existent left bundle-branch block and the patient's maximum cardiac troponin concentration was 8.64 µg/L (upper limit of normal: 0...
June 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559828/multisystem-disease-including-eosinophilia-and-progressive-hyper-creatine-kinase-emia-over-10-years-suggests-mitochondrial-disorder
#16
Josef Finsterer, Johannes Huber
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilia has not been reported as a manifestation of a mitochondrial disorder (MID). Here, we report a patient with clinical features suggesting a MID and permanent eosinophilia, multisystem disease, and progressive hyper-creatine-kinase (CK)-emia for at least 10 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Methods applied included a clinical exam, blood chemical investigations, electrophysiological investigations, imaging, and invasive cardiological investigations...
January 2017: Case Reports in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540073/viscoelastic-testing-inside-and-beyond-the-operating-room
#17
REVIEW
Liang Shen, Sheida Tabaie, Natalia Ivascu
Hemorrhage is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality during the perioperative period. Current methods of diagnosing coagulopathy have various limitations including long laboratory runtimes, lack of information on specific abnormalities of the coagulation cascade, lack of in vivo applicability, and lack of ability to guide the transfusion of blood products. Viscoelastic testing offers a promising solution to many of these problems. The two most-studied systems, thromboelastography (TEG) and rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM), offer similar graphical and numerical representations of the initiation, formation, and lysis of clot...
April 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534102/circulating-microaggregates-during-cardiac-surgery-precedes-postoperative-stroke
#18
Zühre Uz, Dan M J Milstein, Can Ince, Bastian A J M de Mol
Postoperative stroke and encephalopathy are potentially serious complications associated with coronary artery bypass grafting. In this case report a 78-year-old male patient receiving routine elective cardiac surgery presented with microaggregations in the sublingual microcirculation while on cardiopulmonary bypass that was undetected by routine intraoperative anticoagulation assessment. Microaggregates identified using video microscopy on his sublingual microcirculation during the procedure preceded a stroke postoperatively...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515859/conservative-management-of-aortic-root-rupture-complicated-with-cardiac-tamponade-following-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#19
Luca Vannini, Rut Andrea, Manel Sabaté
Aortic root rupture and cardiac tamponade during transcatheter aortic valve implantation is a frightening complication with high mortality rate. A conservative management of this complication could represent an initial strategy, especially in high-risk patients, to avoid emergent cardiac surgery. This conservative management includes: Immediate detection of pericardial effusion by echocardiography, a fast instauration of pericardial drainage, auto-transfusion and anticoagulation reversal. We describe two cases of patients who suffered this complication and were treated successfully with this initial approach...
April 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514878/anticoagulant-cessation-following-atrial-fibrillation-ablation-limits-of-the-ecg-guided-approach
#20
REVIEW
Matteo Anselmino, Chiara Rovera, Giovanni Marchetto, Federico Ferraris, Davide Castagno, Fiorenzo Gaita
Long-term cessation of oral anticoagulation (OAC) following successful catheter or surgical ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) is debated. Usually, in the presence of sinus rhythm at serial ECG recordings, the CHADS2, CHA2DS2VASc, and HAS-BLED scores are adopted to guide decision regarding OAC management. Areas covered: The safety of OAC cessation in patients without recurrent AF but with historically elevated risk for thromboembolism remains largely unknown. Taking the cue from two clinical cases, we provide an updated summary of the latest evidence regarding how to manage OAC after a successful atrial fibrillation ablation...
June 2017: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
keyword
keyword
10664
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"