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Suicide AND public health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214643/family-history-of-suicide-and-high-motor-impulsivity-distinguish-suicide-attempters-from-suicide-ideators-among-college-students
#1
Yong-Guang Wang, Shen Chen, Zhi-Ming Xu, Zhi-Hua Shen, Yi-Quan Wang, Xiao-Yan He, Ri-Fang Cao, David L Roberts, Jian-Fei Shi, Yi-Qiang Wang
Suicide in college students has become an important public health issue in China. The aim of this study was to identify the differences between suicide attempters and suicide ideators based on a cross-sectional survey. Our results indicate that although female gender, positive screening for psychiatric illness, positive family history of suicide, elevated overall impulsivity, and elevated motor impulsivity were correlated with suicidal ideation, only positive family history of suicide and high motor impulsivity could differentiate suicide attempters from suicidal ideators...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207333/handgun-legislation-and-changes-in-statewide-overall-suicide-rates
#2
Michael D Anestis, Joye C Anestis, Sarah E Butterworth
OBJECTIVES: To examine the extent to which 4 laws regulating handgun ownership were associated with statewide suicide rate changes. METHODS: To test between-group differences in statewide suicide rate changes between 2013 and 2014 in all 50 states and the District of Columbia with and without specific laws, we ran analyses of covariance. RESULTS: We found significant differences in suicide rate changes from 2013 to 2014 in states with mandatory waiting periods and universal background checks relative to states without such laws...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199930/prevalence-of-exposure-to-suicide-a-meta-analysis-of-population-based-studies
#3
Karl Andriessen, Bayzidur Rahman, Brian Draper, Michael Dudley, Philip B Mitchell
Those exposed to suicide are at increased risk of adverse outcomes including mental illness, impaired social functioning, and fatal and non-fatal suicidal behavior. However, it is unclear how many people are exposed to suicide in the general community. This first meta-analysis of population-based studies aimed to provide pooled estimates of past-year and lifetime prevalence of exposure to suicide among family, friends/peers, and all relationships. In addition, the study examined prevalence of exposure to suicide by age group: adolescents and adults...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192765/neurophysiological-correlates-of-suicidal-ideation-in-major-depressive-disorder-hyperarousal-during-sleep
#4
Michael R Dolsen, Philip Cheng, J Todd Arnedt, Leslie Swanson, Melynda D Casement, Hyang Sook Kim, Jennifer R Goldschmied, Robert F Hoffmann, Roseanne Armitage, Patricia J Deldin
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major public health concern, and a barrier to reducing the suicide rate is the lack of objective predictors of risk. The present study considers whether quantitative sleep electroencephalography (EEG) may be a neurobiological correlate of suicidal ideation. METHODS: Participants included 84 (45 female, mean age=26.6) adults diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD). The item that measures thoughts of death or suicide on the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS) was used to classify 47 participants as low suicidal ideation (24 females, mean age=26...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188120/suicide-rate-in-relation-to-the-human-development-index-and-other-health-related-factors-a-global-ecological-study-from-91-countries
#5
Salman Khazaei, Vajihe Armanmehr, Shahrzad Nematollahi, Shahab Rezaeian, Somayeh Khazaei
There has been no worldwide ecological study on suicide as a global major public health problem. This study aimed to identify the variations in suicide specific rates using the Human Development Index (HDI) and some health related variables among countries around the world. In this ecological study, we obtained the data from the World Bank Report 2013. The analysis was restricted to 91 countries for which both the epidemiologic data from the suicide rates and HDI were available. Overall, the global prevalence of suicide rate was 10...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184243/prevalence-of-depressive-symptoms-among-schoolchildren-in-cyprus-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-correlational-study
#6
Sokratous Sokratis, Ζilides Christos, Panagi Despo, Karanikola Maria
BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms in the young constitute a public health issue. The current study aims to estimate: (a) the frequency of depressive symptoms in a sample of final grade elementary-school children in Cyprus, (b) the association among frequency of depressive symptoms, gender and nationality and, (c) the metric properties of the Greek-Cypriot version of the children's depression inventory (CDI). METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study with internal comparison was performed...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177819/changing-patterns-in-rates-and-means-of-suicide-in-california-2005-to-2013
#7
Ellicott C Matthay, Jessica Galin, Jennifer Ahern
OBJECTIVES: To describe recent trends in suicide throughout California and to compare rates and methods of suicide ("means") across demographic groups. METHODS: Data from statewide mortality records were used to estimate age-adjusted rates of suicide from 2005 to 2013, overall and by means, age, gender, race/ethnicity, urbanicity, and county. RESULTS: The suicide rate increased 12.6% between 2005 and 2013, from 11.2 to 12.6 per 100 000 population, but this overall trend masks substantial heterogeneity across subgroups...
March 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171770/forecasting-state-level-premature-deaths-from-alcohol-drugs-and-suicides-using-google-trends-data
#8
Jason Parker, Courtney Cuthbertson, Scott Loveridge, Mark Skidmore, Will Dyar
BACKGROUND: Vital statistics on the number of, alcohol-induced death (AICD) drug-induced death (DICD), and suicides at the local-level are only available after a substantial lag of up to two years after the events occur. We (1) investigate how well Google Trends search data explain variation in state-level rates in the US, and (2) use this method to forecast these rates of death for 2015 as official data are not yet available. METHODS: We tested the degree to which Google Trends data on 27 terms can be fit to CDC data using L1-regularization on AICD, DICD, and suicide...
November 20, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166175/using-twitter-to-identify-and-respond-to-food-poisoning-the-food-safety-stl-project
#9
Jenine K Harris, Jared B Hawkins, Leila Nguyen, Elaine O Nsoesie, Gaurav Tuli, Raed Mansour, John S Brownstein
CONTEXT: Foodborne illness affects 1 in 4 US residents each year. Few of those sickened seek medical care or report the illness to public health authorities, complicating prevention efforts. Citizens who report illness identify food establishments with more serious and critical violations than found by regular inspections. New media sources, including online restaurant reviews and social media postings, have the potential to improve reporting. OBJECTIVE: We implemented a Web-based Dashboard (HealthMap Foodborne Dashboard) to identify and respond to tweets about food poisoning from St Louis City residents...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146597/using-plan-do-study-act-cycle-to-enhance-completeness-of-suicide-firearm-reporting
#10
Yongwen Jiang, Shannon Young, Karen Foss, Magaly Angeloni, Erica Norcini, Samara Viner-Brown
The Rhode Island Violent Death Reporting System (RIVDRS) collects comprehensive surveillance data on violent deaths to support violence prevention programs in Rhode Island and nationwide. Successful collection of firearm information is critical to understanding gun violence in public health. A recent quality improvement (QI) project was performed to improve gun information collection in the RIVDRS program. Our aim was to increase the presence of firearm model information for 2014 suicides from 50% to 80% by December 31, 2015...
February 1, 2017: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135995/the-intersection-of-interpersonal-and-self-directed-violence-among-general-adult-college-student-and-sexually-diverse-samples
#11
Robert J Cramer, Sarah L Desmarais, Kiersten L Johnson, Tess M Gemberling, Matt R Nobles, Sarah R Holley, Susan Wright, Richard Van Dorn
BACKGROUND: Suicide and interpersonal violence (i.e. victimization and perpetration) represent pressing public health problems, and yet remain mostly addressed as separate topics. AIMS: To identify the (1) frequency and overlap of suicide and interpersonal violence and (2) characteristics differentiating subgroups of violence-related experiences. METHODS: A health survey was completed by 2,175 respondents comprised of three groups: college students ( n = 702), adult members of a sexuality special interest organization ( n = 816) and a community adult sample ( n = 657)...
February 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131493/trends-in-premature-mortality-in-the-usa-by-sex-race-and-ethnicity-from-1999-to-2014-an-analysis-of-death-certificate-data
#12
Meredith S Shiels, Pavel Chernyavskiy, William F Anderson, Ana F Best, Emily A Haozous, Patricia Hartge, Philip S Rosenberg, David Thomas, Neal D Freedman, Amy Berrington de Gonzalez
BACKGROUND: Reduction of premature mortality is a UN Sustainable Development Goal. Unlike other high-income countries, age-adjusted mortality in the USA plateaued in 2010 and increased slightly in 2015, possibly because of rising premature mortality. We aimed to analyse trends in mortality in the USA between 1999 and 2014 in people aged 25-64 years by age group, sex, and race and ethnicity, and to identify specific causes of death underlying the temporal trends. METHODS: For this analysis, we used cause-of-death and demographic data from death certificates from the US National Center for Health Statistics, and population estimates from the US Census Bureau...
January 25, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125701/adolescent-admissions-to-emergency-departments-for-self-injurious-thoughts-and-behaviors
#13
Caterina Zanus, Sara Battistutta, Renata Aliverti, Marcella Montico, Silvana Cremaschi, Luca Ronfani, Lorenzo Monasta, Marco Carrozzi
The objective of the present study was to describe the incidence and the characteristics of Self-Injurious Thoughts and Behaviors (SITBs), among adolescents aged 11-18 admitted, over a two year period, to all the Emergency Departments of a Region of North-eastern Italy through a comprehensive analysis of medical records. A two-step search was performed in the regional ED electronic database. First, we identified the cases that had been clearly diagnosed as SITBs by an Emergency Department physician. Secondly, suspect cases were detected through a keyword search of the database, and the medical records of these cases were hand screened to identify SITBs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122539/associations-of-multicultural-status-with-depressive-mood-and-suicidality-among-korean-adolescents-the-roles-of-parental-country-of-birth-and-socioeconomic-position
#14
Jinwook Bahk, Agnus M Kim, Young-Ho Khang
BACKGROUND: The mental health of the offspring of immigrants is a major public health concern. In this study, we examined associations of multicultural status and parental country of birth with adolescent mental health in South Korea, and assessed the effect of socioeconomic position (SEP) on these associations. METHODS: We used four waves of the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (KYRBS) between 2011 and 2014, including 294,324 participants (149,219 boys and 145,105 girls aged 13-18 years) as study subjects...
January 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117707/the-basic-act-for-suicide-prevention-effects-on-longitudinal-trend-in-deliberate-self-harm-with-reference-to-national-suicide-data-for-1996-2014
#15
Miharu Nakanishi, Kaori Endo, Shuntaro Ando
A suicide prevention strategy was launched in Japan in 2006 to address the high suicide rate, which had increased considerably since 1998. The national strategy from 2007 involved the enhancement of psychiatric treatment services at emergency medical facilities and supportive observation by individuals close to patients. The national suicide rate has decreased gradually since 2008; however, national information regarding the number of patients who had engaged in deliberate self-harm was absent. Therefore, the present study examined the longitudinal trend in hospital admissions due to deliberate self-harm in Japan...
January 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116203/psychopathology-related-to-energy-drinks-a-psychosis-case-report
#16
Daniel Hernandez-Huerta, Maria Martin-Larregola, Jorge Gomez-Arnau, Javier Correas-Lauffer, Helen Dolengevich-Segal
Energy drinks (ED) are nonalcoholic beverages that have caffeine as their most common active substance. The rapid expansion of ED consumption has created concern in the scientific community as well as in the public opinion. We report a psychotic episode probably triggered by ED abuse in a young adult without previous psychotic disorders. We have reviewed the literature regarding the relationship between caffeine, energy drinks, and psychopathology. Few articles have been published about mental health effects of energy drinks and caffeine abuse...
2017: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114844/suicide-rate-trends-in-the-slovak-republic-in-1993-2015
#17
Alexandra Brazinova, Norbert Moravansky, Gabriel Gulis, Igor Skodacek
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a significant public health issue worldwide, resulting in loss of lives, and burdening societies. AIMS: To describe and analyze the time trends of suicide rates (SRs) in the Slovak Republic in 1993-2015 for targeted suicide prevention strategies. METHODS: Data for this study were obtained from the mortality database of the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. Crude and standardized annual SRs were calculated. Trends and relative risks of suicide according to age and sex were analyzed by joinpoint regression and negative binomial regression...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112815/how-to-implement-therapeutic-evaluative-conditioning-in-a-clinical-setting
#18
Joseph C Franklin, Kathryn R Fox, Jessica D Ribeiro
Self-injurious behaviors (SIBs), including both suicidal and nonsuicidal self-injury, are major public health problems that have been on the rise in recent decades. There are few effective SIB interventions, and those that are effective cannot reach most people who are in need of help-that is, these interventions are not scalable. To address this need, we recently developed a scalable, app-based treatment called Therapeutic Evaluative Conditioning (TEC) that preliminary studies have shown causes reductions in SIBs (Franklin et al...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103068/suicide-deaths-with-opioid-poisoning-in-the-united-states-1999-2014
#19
Jennifer Brennan Braden, Mark J Edlund, Mark D Sullivan
OBJECTIVES: To describe trends in suicides with opioid poisoning noted as a contributing cause of death. METHODS: Using National Vital Statistics data (1999-2014), we calculated age-adjusted rates of suicide with opioid poisoning (International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision codes T40.0-T40.4) per 100 000 population per year and annual percentage change (APC) in rates. We used Joinpoint regression to examine trends in suicide rates and proportion of suicides involving opioids...
March 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103062/academic-public-health-and-the-firearm-crisis-an-agenda-for-action
#20
Charles C Branas, Andrew Flescher, Margaret K Formica, Sandro Galea, Nils Hennig, Karen D Liller, Hala N Madanat, Andrew Park, John E Rosenthal, Jun Ying
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: American Journal of Public Health
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