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Suicide AND public health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662259/psychometric-validation-of-the-columbia-suicide-severity-rating-scale-in-spanish-speaking-adolescents
#1
Daniel Serrani Azcurra
Introduction: Adolescent suicide is a major public health issue, and early and accurate detection is of great concern. There are many reliable instruments for this purpose, such as the Columbia-Suicide severity rating scale (C-SSRS), but no validation exists for Spanish speaking Latin American adolescents. Objetive: To assess psychometric properties and cut-off scores of the C-SSRS in Spanish speaking adolescents. Methods: Exploratory assessment with principal component analysis (PCA) and Varimax rotation, and confirmatory analysis (CFA) were performed on two groups with 782 and 834 participants respectively (N=1616)...
December 30, 2017: Colombia Médica: CM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658849/suicide-prevention-for-school-communities-an-educational-initiative-for-student-safety
#2
Diane Cody Roberts, Mary Ellen Taylor, Audrey D'Ann Pyle
A knowledge gap exists in school communities regarding suicide prevention and means reduction education. The article highlights two core interrelated topics: school nurse engagement in dialogue with students' families and the implementation of an innovative, community-based suicide prevention educational program at a suburban public school district. The authors provide an overview of the public health problem of suicide for students, current student challenges, role of the school nurse in suicide prevention, and a key gap in current school nursing practice...
May 2018: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627760/effects-of-exposure-estimation-errors-on-estimated-exposure-response-relations-for-pm2-5
#3
Louis Anthony Tony Cox
Associations between fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure concentrations and a wide variety of undesirable outcomes, from autism and auto theft to elderly mortality, suicide, and violent crime, have been widely reported. Influential articles have argued that reducing National Ambient Air Quality Standards for PM2.5 is desirable to reduce these outcomes. Yet, other studies have found that reducing black smoke and other particulate matter by as much as 70% and dozens of micrograms per cubic meter has not detectably affected all-cause mortality rates even after decades, despite strong, statistically significant positive exposure concentration-response (C-R) associations between them...
April 5, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627703/suicide-literacy-predicts-the-provision-of-more-appropriate-support-to-people-experiencing-psychological-distress
#4
Tegan Cruwys, Soontae An, Melissa Xue-Ling Chang, Hannah Lee
Mental health literacy has been hailed as a public health priority to reduce stigma and increase help seeking. We examined the effect of suicide literacy on the type of help provided to those experiencing suicidal ideation. A community sample of 363 Australians were randomly assigned to read one of three messages from a member of their social network (the target). The target reported symptoms consistent with either (1) subclinical distress, (2) clinical depression, or (3) suicidal ideation. Participants were most likely to recommend social support and least likely to recommend professional help...
March 20, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625814/firearm-mortality-in-california-2000-2015-the-epidemiologic-importance-of-within-state-variation
#5
Veronica A Pear, Alvaro Castillo-Carniglia, Rose M C Kagawa, Magdalena Cerdá, Garen J Wintemute
PURPOSE: Firearm mortality is a significant problem in the United States. Previous studies have largely focused on firearm mortality at the national or state level, leaving open the question of within-state variation. This study examined firearm mortality within California. METHODS: We used Multiple Cause of Death data files to identify all firearm fatalities in California from 2000 to 2015. We described firearm mortality rates and counts over time, by age and county, stratifying by intent, gender, and race/ethnicity...
March 12, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622502/chronic-pain-medication-management-of-older-populations-key-points-from-a-national-conference-and-innovative-opportunities-for-pharmacy-practice
#6
Julia Fiona-Maree Gilmartin-Thomas, J Simon Bell, Danny Liew, Carolyn A Arnold, Rachelle Buchbinder, Colin Chapman, Flavia Cicuttini, Malcolm Dobbin, Stephen J Gibson, Melita J Giummarra, Jenny Gowan, Benny Katz, Dan L Lubman, Matthew McCrone, Jennifer Pilgrim, Anneliese Synnot, Eleanor van Dyk, Barbara Workman, John McNeil
OBJECTIVE: Inappropriate use of pain medication has serious consequences for older populations. Experts in the field have noted an increase in opioid prescriptions, and opioid-related hospitalisations and deaths among this vulnerable population. In the pursuit of educating pharmacists, physicians, allied healthcare professionals, researchers, academics and the public facing the challenges of chronic pain medication management, 'The Inaugural Monash University School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine (SPHPM) Best Practice in Chronic Pain Medication Management Day Conference' was held in December 2016 at the Alfred Medical Research and Education Precinct (Melbourne, Australia)...
March 19, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619616/association-between-suicide-and-environmental-variables-in-the-north-of-spain-a-14-year-analysis
#7
Maite Santurtún, Arturo Sanchez-Lorenzo, Álvaro Del Real, María T Zarrabeitia, Ana Santurtún
Suicide is a serious public health problem around the world. Since the nineteenth century, the impact of socio-environmental factors on suicide has attracted much public attention, especially in the context of global climate change. We have performed a retrospective correlation study that analyzes the demographic pattern of suicide in Cantabria, a northern coastland region of Spain. Moreover, we have created a multivariable binomial regression model to study the relationship between suicide and environmental factors (atmospheric pollutants and meteorological variables) among January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2013 in the province...
April 4, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617301/an-ecological-study-on-the-spatially-varying-relationship-between-county-level-suicide-rates-and-altitude-in-the-united-states
#8
Hoehun Ha, Wei Tu
Suicide is a serious but preventable public health issue. Several previous studies have revealed a positive association between altitude and suicide rates at the county level in the contiguous United States. We assessed the association between suicide rates and altitude using a cross-county ecological study design. Data on suicide rates were obtained from a Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS), maintained by the U.S. National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC). Altitude data were collected from the United States Geological Survey (USGS)...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616901/issues-in-developing-a-surveillance-case-definition-for-nonfatal-suicide-attempt-and-intentional-self-harm-using-international-classification-of-diseases-tenth-revision-clinical-modification-icd-10-cm-coded-data
#9
Holly Hedegaard, Michael Schoenbaum, Cynthia Claassen, Alex Crosby, Kristin Holland, Scott Proescholdbell
Suicide and intentional self-harm are among the leading causes of death in the United States. To study this public health issue, epidemiologists and researchers often analyze data coded using the International Classification of Diseases (ICD). Prior to October 1, 2015, health care organizations and providers used the clinical modification of the Ninth Revision of ICD (ICD-9-CM) to report medical information in electronic claims data. The transition in October 2015 to use of the clinical modification of the Tenth Revision of ICD (ICD-10-CM) resulted in the need to update methods and selection criteria previously developed for ICD-9-CM coded data...
February 2018: National Health Statistics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614852/advanced-daily-prediction-model-for-national-suicide-numbers-with-social-media-data
#10
Kyung Sang Lee, Hyewon Lee, Woojae Myung, Gil-Young Song, Kihwang Lee, Ho Kim, Bernard J Carroll, Doh Kwan Kim
Objective: Suicide is a significant public health concern worldwide. Social media data have a potential role in identifying high suicide risk individuals and also in predicting suicide rate at the population level. In this study, we report an advanced daily suicide prediction model using social media data combined with economic/meteorological variables along with observed suicide data lagged by 1 week. Methods: The social media data were drawn from weblog posts...
April 5, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613871/a-new-tool-for-case-studies-in-epidemiology-the-synthetic-control-method
#11
David H Rehkopf, Sanjay Basu
With the publication of "Repeal of Comprehensive Background Check Policies and Firearm Homicide and Suicide," the synthetic control method joins a group of useful statistical methods for the analysis of observational data imported to the field of epidemiology from economics and political science. These approaches include fixed effects (2), difference in differences (2), regression discontinuity (3) and instrumental variables (4). This expansion of methodological tools has been critical for the development for epidemiology as the discipline has expanded to consider the analysis of exposures that are not easily subjected to true random assignment, and for which unmeasured confounders plausibly exist...
April 2, 2018: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607661/suicidality-among-nonadherent-patients-living-with-hiv-in-buenos-aires-argentina-prevalence-and-correlates
#12
Violeta J Rodriguez, Omar Sued, Diego Cecchini, Lissa M Mandell, Lina M Bofill, Stephen M Weiss, Isabel Cassetti, Pedro Cahn, Deborah L Jones
Of those in the general population hospitalized for suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in Argentina, many reattempt suicide and are readmitted. However, few studies in Argentina have examined suicidal ideation and suicide-related behaviors among people living with HIV (PLHIV) and none have examined these factors among nonadherent PLHIV, though the prevalence of suicidal ideation in this group may be higher than in the general population and also than in other groups of PLHIV. This study of PLHIV in Buenos Aires, Argentina, examined the correlates of suicidal ideation in nonadherent PLHIV...
April 1, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597289/the-epidemiology-of-unintentional-and-violence-related-injury-morbidity-and-mortality-among-children-and-adolescents-in-the-united-states
#13
Michael F Ballesteros, Dionne D Williams, Karin A Mack, Thomas R Simon, David A Sleet
Injuries and violence among young people have a substantial emotional, physical, and economic toll on society. Understanding the epidemiology of this public health problem can guide prevention efforts, help identify and reduce risk factors, and promote protective factors. We examined fatal and nonfatal unintentional injuries, injuries intentionally inflicted by other (i.e., assaults and homicides) among children ages 0-19, and intentionally self-inflicted injuries (i.e., self-harm and suicides) among children ages 10-19...
March 28, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590281/association-of-childhood-irritability-and-depressive-anxious-mood-profiles-with-adolescent-suicidal-ideation-and-attempts
#14
Massimiliano Orri, Cedric Galera, Gustavo Turecki, Alberto Forte, Johanne Renaud, Michel Boivin, Richard E Tremblay, Sylvana M Côté, Marie-Claude Geoffroy
Importance: Suicidal ideation and suicide attempt (suicidality) are common in adolescence and a public health concern. Childhood depression is a key risk factor for later suicidality and often co-occurs with irritability. No study to date has examined the joint association of depressive mood and irritability during childhood with later suicidality. Objective: To investigate the association of childhood irritability and depressive/anxious mood profiles with adolescent suicidality...
March 28, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587181/the-social-mobile-autopsy-the-evolution-of-psychological-autopsy-with-new-technologies-in-forensic-investigations-on-suicide
#15
REVIEW
I Aquila, M A Sacco, S Gratteri, M Sirianni, P De Fazio, P Ricci
Suicide is a huge deal in general public health, representing the second cause of mortality in young people worldwide. The suicidal setting analysis is usually performed through psychological autopsy, a method of investigation commonly used to study what leads to suicide. Psychological autopsy, though, requires the involvement of family and friends, or the finding of a diary or a suicide note. Nowadays, this is not always possible, especially during adolescence, the more if we consider new categories of people that are more used to live in a web dimension, than in a real one...
December 11, 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578277/understanding-the-pathways-from-depression-to-suicidal-risk-from-the-perspective-of-the-interpersonal-psychological-theory-of-suicide
#16
Nan Kang, Jianing You, Jiyi Huang, Yaxuan Ren, Min-Pei Lin, Sian Xu
Suicide is a major public health concern, especially in adolescence. Identifying risk factors for suicide is important to effectively prevent such behavior. Depression is one of the most widely examined risk factors for suicidal risk. How depression and suicidal risk are related, however, is still not clear. This study tested a model with three key constructs of the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior (IPTS)-perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI)-as mediators in the relationship between depression and suicidal risk among Chinese adolescents...
March 26, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577344/this-corrosion-a-systematic-review-of-the-association-between-alternative-subcultures-and-the-risk-of-self-harm-and-suicide
#17
Mairead Ann Hughes, Susan Frances Knowles, Katie Dhingra, Hannah Louise Nicholson, Peter James Taylor
BACKGROUND: Rates of self-harm and suicide are increasing in young people. The literature suggests that individuals who identify with alternative subcultures (e.g., Goth) may be at a greater risk. OBJECTIVE: To explore the prevalence of self-harm and suicide in alternative subcultures and the factors that might contribute to this increased risk. METHOD: Using a systematic strategy, the databases PsycINFO, Scopus, MEDLINE and Web of Science, and the E-Thesis online service (ETHOS) were searched for English language only papers, with no restrictions in terms of date of publication...
March 25, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573767/-mortality-from-suicide-in-the-municipalities-of-mainland-portugal-spatio-temporal-evolution-between-1980-and-2015
#18
Adriana Loureiro, Ricardo Almendra, Cláudia Costa, Paula Santana
INTRODUCTION: Suicide is considered a public health priority. It is a complex phenomenon resulting from the interaction of several factors, which do not depend solely on individual conditions. This study analyzes the spatio-temporal evolution of suicide mortality between 1980 and 2015, identifying areas of high risk, and their variation, in the 278 municipalities of Continental Portugal. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Based on the number of self-inflicted injuries and deaths from suicide and the resident population, the spatio-temporal evolution of the suicide mortality rate was assessed via: i) a Poisson joinpoint regression model, and ii) spatio-temporal clustering methods...
January 31, 2018: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557756/addressing-suicide-risk-in-partners-and-relatives-bereaved-by-suicide
#19
Alexandra Pitman
Analyses of population-based registers provide evidence to support an increased risk of suicide and mental illness after the suicide of a relative or partner. This editorial explores the implications of this work for progressing recommendations made in suicide prevention strategies regarding the specific support provided to people bereaved by suicide. Declaration of interest A.P. served on the Public Health England expert reference committee contributing to local guidance on commissioning and delivering postvention support (Public Health England, 2016...
April 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550775/nineteen-and-up-study-19up-understanding-pathways-to-mental-health-disorders-in-young-australian-twins
#20
Baptiste Couvy-Duchesne, Victoria O'Callaghan, Richard Parker, Natalie Mills, Katherine M Kirk, Jan Scott, Anna Vinkhuyzen, Daniel F Hermens, Penelope A Lind, Tracey A Davenport, Jane M Burns, Melissa Connell, Brendan P Zietsch, James Scott, Margaret J Wright, Sarah E Medland, John McGrath, Nicholas G Martin, Ian B Hickie, Nathan A Gillespie
PURPOSE: The Nineteen and Up study (19Up) assessed a range of mental health and behavioural problems and associated risk factors in a genetically informative Australian cohort of young adult twins and their non-twin siblings. As such, 19Up enables detailed investigation of genetic and environmental pathways to mental illness and substance misuse within the Brisbane Longitudinal Twin Sample (BLTS). PARTICIPANTS: Twins and their non-twin siblings from Queensland, Australia; mostly from European ancestry...
March 17, 2018: BMJ Open
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