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Suicide AND public health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540367/lived-lives-a-pavee-perspective-an-arts-science-community-intervention-around-suicide-in-an-indigenous-ethnic-minority
#1
Kevin M Malone, Seamus G McGuinness, Eimear Cleary, Janis Jefferies, Christabel Owens, Cecily C Kelleher
Background: Suicide is a significant public health concern, which impacts on health outcomes. Few suicide research studies have been interdisciplinary. We combined a psychobiographical autopsy with a visual arts autopsy, in which families donated stories, images and objects associated with the lived life of a loved one lost to suicide. From this interdisciplinary research platform, a mediated exhibition was created (Lived Lives) with artist, scientist and families, co-curated by communities, facilitating dialogue, response and public action around suicide prevention...
April 13, 2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540263/associations-between-korean-adolescents-sexual-orientation-and-suicidal-ideation-plans-attempts-and-medically-serious-attempts
#2
Yeunhee Kwak, Ji-Su Kim
BACKGROUND: Despite growing interest in the public health of sexual minority, youth around the world due to the high rates of suicidal ideation and attempts in this population, few studies on the sexual orientation of Korean adolescents have been conducted. Therefore, this study investigated the relationship between the sexual orientation of Korean adolescents and their suicide-related behavior. METHODS: Raw data from the tenth Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey were analyzed by logistic regression analysis...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538868/comparative-analysis-of-death-by-suicide-in-brazil-and-in-the-united-states-descriptive-cross-sectional-time-series-study
#3
Alexander Abuabara, Allan Abuabara, Carin Albino Luçolli Tonchuk
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The World Health Organization recognizes suicide as a public health priority. Increased knowledge of suicide risk factors is needed in order to be able to adopt effective prevention strategies. The aim of this study was to analyze and compare the association between the Gini coefficient (which is used to measure inequality) and suicide death rates over a 14-year period (2000-2013) in Brazil and in the United States (US). The hypothesis put forward was that reduction of income inequality is accompanied by reduction of suicide rates...
March 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536190/pediatric-firearm-related-injuries-in-the-united-states
#4
REVIEW
Kavita Parikh, Alyssa Silver, Shilpa J Patel, Sabah F Iqbal, Monika Goyal
Pediatric firearm-related deaths and injuries are a national public health crisis. In this Special Review Article, we characterize the epidemiology of firearm-related injuries in the United States and discuss public health programs, the role of pediatricians, and legislative efforts to address this health crisis. Firearm-related injuries are leading causes of unintentional injury deaths in children and adolescents. Children are more likely to be victims of unintentional injuries, the majority of which occur in the home, and adolescents are more likely to suffer from intentional injuries due to either assault or suicide attempts...
May 23, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535450/the-global-burden-of-fatal-self-poisoning-with-pesticides-2006-15-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Emma J Mew, Prianka Padmanathan, Flemming Konradsen, Michael Eddleston, Shu-Sen Chang, Michael R Phillips, David Gunnell
BACKGROUND: Agricultural pesticide poisoning is a major contributor to the global burden of suicide. Over the last decade there has been a marked decrease in the incidence of suicide worldwide. It is unclear whether pesticide poisoning still plays a significant role in the global incidence of suicide. METHODS: WHO method-specific suicide data were supplemented by a systematic review of the literature between 2006 and 2015, including searches of thirteen electronic databases and Google, citation searching and a review of reference lists and personal collections...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534243/elevated-prevalence-of-suicide-attempts-among-victims-of-police-violence-in-the-usa
#6
Jordan E DeVylder, Jodi J Frey, Courtney D Cogburn, Holly C Wilcox, Tanya L Sharpe, Hans Y Oh, Boyoung Nam, Bruce G Link
Recent evidence suggests that police victimization is widespread in the USA and psychologically impactful. We hypothesized that civilian-reported police victimization, particularly assaultive victimization (i.e., physical/sexual), would be associated with a greater prevalence of suicide attempts and suicidal ideation. Data were drawn from the Survey of Police-Public Encounters, a population-based survey of adults (N = 1615) residing in four US cities. Surveys assessed lifetime exposure to police victimization based on the World Health Organization domains of violence (i...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521147/a-pilot-study-of-differential-brain-activation-to-suicidal-means-and-dna-methylation-of-cacna1c-gene-in-suicidal-attempt-patients
#7
Young Jong Kim, Hae Jeong Park, Geon-Ho Jahng, Sang Min Lee, Won Sub Kang, Su Kang Kim, Tae Kim, Ah Rang Cho, Jin Kyung Park
Suicide is a serious public health problem. In this study, we investigated functional brain changes to novel visual stimuli of suicidal means, DNA methylation status, and the relationship between the two markers. 14 suicidal attempt patients (SAs) and 22 healthy controls were included. Pictures of facial expressions and suicidal means were shown to subjects during fMRI scanning. 11 CpG sites within transcription factor binding site of CACNA1C gene were selected. In knives (K) vs. natural landscape (NL) condition, left middle frontal gyrus (Brodmann's area, BA 6 and 46) and left inferior frontal gyrus (BA 9) were shown to be significantly higher brain activation in the SAs than the controls (p<0...
May 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513530/an-analysis-of-child-deaths-by-suicide-in-queensland-australia-2004-2012-what-are-we-missing-from-a-preventative-health-services-perspective
#8
Florin Oprescu, Bridie Scott-Parker, Jeanne Dayton
BACKGROUND: This article analyses case descriptions of child suicides from 2004 to 2012 toinform future policy and practice. METHODS: Quantitative data and case descriptions for 159 child suicides (under 18 years) in Queensland, Australia, were analysed quantitatively using SPSS and qualitatively using automated content analyzis (Leximancer). RESULTS: More than three quarters of child suicides involved hanging and 81% of suicides occurred in the family home...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508187/associations-between-serum-zinc-levels-and-mental-health-findings-from-the-2010-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#9
Na-Rae Kim, Ko-Woon Kim, Ha-Na Kim, Sang-Wook Song
Mental health problems are a major public health issue worldwide, and zinc may be associated with psychiatric symptoms, but such associations have not been investigated extensively. This study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between serum zinc levels and mental health problems in Korean adults. We used data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V-1, a cross-sectional survey of Korean civilians. Data from 1748 subjects were analyzed. Serum zinc levels did not differ significantly according to psychiatric symptoms including sleep duration, stress, depressed mood, suicidal ideation, and whether respondents sought psychiatric consultation...
May 15, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506219/sexual-orientation-differences-in-treatment-expectation-alliance-and-outcome-among-patients-at-risk-for-suicide-in-a-public-psychiatric-hospital
#10
Martin Plöderl, Sabine Kunrath, Robert J Cramer, Jen Wang, Larissa Hauer, Clemens Fartacek
BACKGROUND: Sexual minority (SM) individuals (gay, lesbian, bisexual, or otherwise nonheterosexual) are at increased risk for mental disorders and suicide and adequate mental healthcare may be life-saving. However, SM patients experience barriers in mental healthcare that have been attributed to the lack of SM-specific competencies and heterosexist attitudes and behaviors on the part of mental health professionals. Such barriers could have a negative impact on common treatment factors such as treatment expectancy or therapeutic alliance, culminating in poorer treatment outcomes for SM versus heterosexual patients...
May 15, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502247/assessing-the-costs-and-benefits-of-insuring-psychological-services-as-part-of-medicare-for-depression-in-canada
#11
Helen-Maria Vasiliadis, Anne Dezetter, Eric Latimer, Martin Drapeau, Alain Lesage
OBJECTIVE: The study estimated costs and effects associated with increasing access to publicly funded psychological services for depression in a public health care system. METHODS: Discrete event simulation modeled clinical events (relapse, recovery, hospitalizations, suicide attempts, and suicide), health service use, and cost outcomes over 40 years in a population with incident depression. Parameters included epidemiologic and economic data from the literature and data from a secondary analysis of the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey on mental health...
May 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496365/prevalence-and-prognosis-of-stress-disorders-a-review-of-the-epidemiologic-literature
#12
REVIEW
Jaimie L Gradus
Given the ubiquity of traumatic events, it is not surprising that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) - a common diagnosis following one of these experiences - is characterized as conferring a large burden for individuals and society. Although there is recognition of the importance of PTSD diagnoses throughout psychiatry, the literature on other diagnoses one may receive following a stressful or traumatic event is scant. This review summarizes the literature on stress disorders (classified according to the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Edition [ICD-10]), including acute stress reaction, PTSD, adjustment disorder and unspecified stress reactions...
2017: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486792/gambling-disorder-an-integrative-review-of-animal-and-human-studies
#13
REVIEW
Katherine M Nautiyal, Mayumi Okuda, Rene Hen, Carlos Blanco
Gambling disorder (GD), previously called pathological gambling and classified as an impulse control disorder in DSM-III and DSM-IV, has recently been reclassified as an addictive disorder in the DSM-5. It is widely recognized as an important public health problem associated with substantial personal and social costs, high rates of psychiatric comorbidity, poor physical health, and elevated suicide rates. A number of risk factors have been identified, including some genetic polymorphisms. Animal models have been developed in order to study the underlying neural basis of GD...
April 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483890/premature-death-among-primary-care-patients-with-a-history-of-self-harm
#14
Matthew J Carr, Darren M Ashcroft, Evangelos Kontopantelis, David While, Yvonne Awenat, Jayne Cooper, Carolyn Chew-Graham, Nav Kapur, Roger T Webb
PURPOSE: Self-harm is a public health problem that requires a better understanding of mortality risk. We undertook a study to examine premature mortality in a nationally representative cohort of primary care patients who had harmed themselves. METHODS: During 2001-2013, a total of 385 general practices in England contributed data to the Clinical Practice Research Datalink with linkage to Office for National Statistics mortality records. We identified 30,017 persons aged 15 to 64 years with a recorded episode of self-harm...
May 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483086/suicide-and-deliberate-self-harm-in-afghanistan
#15
REVIEW
Mohammad Akbar Paiman, Murad Moosa Khan
BACKGROUND: Suicide and deliberate self-harm (DSH) are major public health problems globally. There is limited information on suicide and DSH from Afghanistan. AIMS: To review available literature on suicide and DSH in Afghanistan. METHODS: Using online resources and literature on suicidal behavior (suicide, DSH and suicidal ideation) was searched. RESULTS: There were only seven published studies identified on suicidal behavior in Afghanistan...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479896/prevalence-of-suicidal-ideation-and-attempt-associations-with-psychiatric-disorders-and-hiv-aids-in-post-conflict-northern-uganda
#16
James Mugisha, Herbert Muyinda, Ashraf Kagee, Peter Wandiembe, Stephen Kiwuwa Mpugu, Davy Vancampfort, Eugene Kinyanda
BACKGROUND: Research on the prevalence of suicidal ideation, attempt, and cormorbid psychiatric disorders in post-conflict areas is still limited. AIM: We explored the prevalence of suicidal ideation, attempt, associated psychiatric disorders and HIV/AIDS in post-conflict Northern Uganda, an area that experienced civil strife for over two decades. METHODS: A total of 2400 respondents (aged 18 and above) and randomly selected in three districts (Gulu, Amuru and Nwoya), were interviewed...
December 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479792/platelet-serotonin-level-and-impulsivity-in-human-self-destructive-behavior-a-biological-and-psychological-study
#17
S Era Dutta, Sriniwas Gupta, M S V K Raju, Abhishek Kumar, Alka Pawar
CONTEXT: Suicide is a disease and a global public health problem. Suicidology has come to become a topic of study for intervention and research. The serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine [5HT]) system has remained a prime area of investigation. The neurons and platelets display structural and functional similarities. Ninety-nine percent of 5HT is contained in platelets, which shares similar 5HT uptake and release mechanisms with 5HT neurons. AIMS: This study aims to study human self-destructive behavior (HSDB)...
April 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474054/a-decision-support-tool-to-inform-australian-strategies-for-preventing-suicide-and-suicidal-behaviour
#18
Andrew Page, Jo-An Atkinson, Mark Heffernan, Geoff McDonnell, Ian Hickie
Dynamic simulation modelling is increasingly being recognised as a valuable decision-support tool to help guide investments and actions to address complex public health issues such as suicide. In particular, participatory system dynamics (SD) modelling provides a useful tool for asking high-level 'what if' questions, and testing the likely impacts of different combinations of policies and interventions at an aggregate level before they are implemented in the real world. We developed an SD model for suicide prevention in Australia, and investigated the hypothesised impacts over the next 10 years (2015-2025) of a combination of current intervention strategies proposed for population interventions in Australia: 1) general practitioner (GP) training, 2) coordinated aftercare in those who have attempted suicide, 3) school-based mental health literacy programs, 4) brief-contact interventions in hospital settings, and 5) psychosocial treatment approaches...
April 27, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474050/a-systems-approach-to-suicide-prevention-radical-change-or-doing-the-same-things-better
#19
Scott J Fitzpatrick, Claire Hooker
Suicide is a significant public health concern. Continued high suicide rates, coupled with emerging international evidence, have led to the development of a 'systems' approach to suicide prevention, which is now being trialled as part of a proposed Suicide Prevention Framework for NSW (New South Wales, Australia). The Framework replicates successful international approaches. It is organised around nine components, ranging from individual to population-level approaches, to improve coordination and integration of existing services...
April 27, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471534/predicting-suicide-with-the-sad-persons-scale
#20
Cara Katz, Jason R Randall, Jitender Sareen, Dan Chateau, Randy Walld, William D Leslie, JianLi Wang, James M Bolton
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major public health issue, and a priority requirement is accurately identifying high-risk individuals. The SAD PERSONS suicide risk assessment scale is widely implemented in clinical settings despite limited supporting evidence. This article aims to determine the ability of the SAD PERSONS scale (SPS) to predict future suicide in the emergency department. METHODS: Five thousand four hundred sixty-two consecutive adults were seen by psychiatry consultation teams in two tertiary emergency departments with linkage to population-based administrative data to determine suicide deaths within 6 months, 1, and 5 years...
May 4, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
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