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Suicide AND public health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731200/suicidal-self-directed-violence-among-homeless-us-veterans-a-systematic-review
#1
Adam S Hoffberg, Elizabeth Spitzer, Jessica L Mackelprang, Samantha A Farro, Lisa A Brenner
A systematic review of the literature was conducted to investigate suicidal self-directed violence and homelessness among US military veterans, and identify existing suicide prevention strategies. In November 2015, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycInfo, CINAHL, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Google, and Google Scholar were searched. Articles published since 1990 investigating self-directed violence among homeless veterans were identified. Data were extracted and synthesized qualitatively. Nineteen observational studies were included...
July 21, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724030/-violence-and-mental-health-issues-among-mexican-adolescents-that-have-considered-or-attempted-cross-border-migration
#2
Ruben Chavez-Ayala, Emanuel Orozco-Núñez, Marcela Sánchez-Estrada, Carlos Hernández-Girón
The aim of this study was to estimate the role of victimization by violence among Mexican adolescents that have considered or attempted migrating to the United States, including mental health variables (emotional self-esteem, self-esteem in school, depression, suicidal ideation, and attempted suicide) as mediators of the effects. The study used a cross-sectional design with a stratified cluster sample of 13,198 adolescents from the 2nd Mexican National Survey on Exclusion, Intolerance, and Violence in public schools in 2009...
July 13, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724022/-characteristics-of-sexual-violence-against-adolescent-and-adult-women-reported-by-the-public-health-services-in-santa-catarina-state-brazil
#3
Carmem Regina Delziovo, Carolina Carvalho Bolsoni, Nazaré Otília Nazário, Elza Berger Salema Coelho
Sexual violence against women is a form of gender violence and both a severe human rights violation and public health problem. This ecological, descriptive, and temporal series study aims to analyze sexual violence against pre-adolescent, adolescent, and adult females in Santa Catarina State, Brazil, based on data from the Information System for Notifiable Diseases, in order to describe the characteristics of cases of sexual violence perpetrated against women, reported by health professionals from 2008 a 2013...
July 13, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705214/demographic-and-clinical-characteristics-of-carbon-monoxide-poisoning-nationwide-data-between-1999-and-2012-in-taiwan
#4
Chien-Cheng Huang, Chung-Han Ho, Yi-Chen Chen, Hung-Jung Lin, Chien-Chin Hsu, Jhi-Joung Wang, Shih-Bin Su, How-Ran Guo
BACKGROUND: Carbon monoxide poisoning (COP) is not uncommon, but nationwide epidemiological data are limited. We conducted a study in Taiwan to fill the data gaps. METHODS: We used a nationwide poisoning database to study all COP patients in Taiwan diagnosed between 1999 and 2012. We conducted descriptive analyses and compared the differences between the two sexes. In addition, we assessed the trends in suicide and mortality rates from 1999 to 2012. RESULTS: We identified 25,912 COP patients with an almost equal female and male distribution (50...
July 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696950/the-role-of-stigma-and-denormalization-in-suicide-prevention-laws-in-east-asia-a-sociocultural-historical-and-ethical-perspective
#5
Justin A Chen, Andrew Courtwright, Kevin Chien-Chang Wu
In many Western countries, the criminalization and stigmatization of suicide has given way to a biomedical approach aimed at destigmatizing suicide and treating underlying mental illness. By contrast, in many East Asian countries, suicide has never historically been criminalized or stigmatized. High rates of suicide in Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan have recently led policy makers in those countries to pursue innovative suicide-prevention strategies. The intentional denormalization of harmful behaviors has been discussed in the public health and ethics literatures, particularly with regard to smoking cessation, and could represent a novel mechanism for preventing suicides in East Asia...
July 11, 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696434/when-should-governments-increase-the-supply-of-psychiatric-beds
#6
S Allison, T Bastiampillai, J Licinio, D A Fuller, N Bidargaddi, S S Sharfstein
Low numbers of hospital-based psychiatric beds create problems for people with severe mental illness (SMI), when they face extended emergency department (ED) waits, higher thresholds for admission to an acute bed, and short revolving-door stays with high rates of rehospitalisation. Limited access to inpatient treatment has been associated with higher suicide risk, premature mortality, homelessness, violent crime and incarceration. Ultimately, people with SMI can be transinstitutionalised to the criminal justice system...
July 11, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696430/neuropathology-of-suicide-recent-findings-and-future-directions
#7
P-E Lutz, N Mechawar, G Turecki
Suicide is a major public health concern and a leading cause of death in most societies. Suicidal behaviour is complex and heterogeneous, likely resulting from several causes. It associates with multiple factors, including psychopathology, personality traits, early-life adversity and stressful life events, among others. Over the past decades, studies in fields ranging from neuroanatomy, genetics and molecular psychiatry have led to a model whereby behavioural dysregulation, including suicidal behaviour (SB), develops as a function of biological adaptations in key brain systems...
July 11, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694239/assessing-suicide-risk-and-emotional-distress-in-chinese-social-media-a-text-mining-and-machine-learning-study
#8
Qijin Cheng, Tim Mh Li, Chi-Leung Kwok, Tingshao Zhu, Paul Sf Yip
BACKGROUND: Early identification and intervention are imperative for suicide prevention. However, at-risk people often neither seek help nor take professional assessment. A tool to automatically assess their risk levels in natural settings can increase the opportunity for early intervention. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore whether computerized language analysis methods can be utilized to assess one's suicide risk and emotional distress in Chinese social media...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692390/use-of-emergency-department-data-to-monitor-and-respond-to-an-increase-in-opioid-overdoses-in-new-hampshire-2011-2015
#9
Elizabeth R Daly, Kenneth Dufault, David J Swenson, Paul Lakevicius, Erin Metcalf, Benjamin P Chan
OBJECTIVES: Opioid-related overdoses and deaths in New Hampshire have increased substantially in recent years, similar to increases observed across the United States. We queried emergency department (ED) data in New Hampshire to monitor opioid-related ED encounters as part of the public health response to this health problem. METHODS: We obtained data on opioid-related ED encounters for the period January 1, 2011, through December 31, 2015, from New Hampshire's syndromic surveillance ED data system by querying for (1) chief complaint text related to the words "fentanyl," "heroin," "opiate," and "opioid" and (2) opioid-related International Classification of Diseases ( ICD) codes...
July 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686572/adolescent-suicide-as-a-global-public-health-issue
#10
Zebib K Abraham, Leo Sher
Youth suicide is a major global mental health problem. This review looks at the epidemiology, risk and protective factors associated with youth suicide, and global strategies to address this important issue. To better understand factors contributing to youth suicide, global gender differences in suicide were examined. Global rates of suicide amongst young men are higher than young women. However, there are anomalously higher rates of female youth suicide in India and China, and possible causes of this are examined further...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682533/assessment-of-suicidal-ideation-and-behavior-report-of-the-international-society-for-cns-clinical-trials-and-methodology-consensus-meeting
#11
Phillip B Chappell, Michelle Stewart, Larry Alphs, Franco DiCesare, Sarah DuBrava, Jill Harkavy-Friedman, Pilar Lim, Sian Ratcliffe, Morton M Silverman, Steven D Targum, Stephen R Marder
OBJECTIVE: To develop consensus recommendations for assessment of suicidal ideation/suicidal behavior (SI/SB) in clinical trials. PARTICIPANTS: Stakeholders from academia, industry, regulatory agencies, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Mental Health, and patient advocacy organizations participated in a consensus meeting that was sponsored by the International Society for CNS Clinical Trials and Methodology and held November 17-18, 2015. Prior to the meeting, teams of experts identified key areas of consensus and dissent related to SI/SB...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682230/-genetics-and-epigenetics-of-suicidal-behaviors
#12
Emilie Olié, Philippe Courtet
With more than 10 000 deaths each year in France, suicide is a major public health problem. Despite many known risk factors, suicide prediction remains extremely difficult in daily clinical practice. The identification of biomarkers, including genetic and epigenetic factors, is needed in suicidology in order to better understand pathophysiology of such behaviors and to improve the screening of individuals at high suicidal risk. Numerous studies have reported candidate genes involved in serotonergic system, HPA axis and neurotrophic system...
2017: Biologie Aujourd'hui
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680456/attempted-suicide-in-podgorica-montenegro-higher-rates-in-females-and-unemployed-males
#13
Lidija Injac Stevovic, Sanja Vodopic
BACKGROUND: A change in suicide attempts is associated with comprehensive changes in mental and physical health and social environment. Attempted suicide and suicide are one of the biggest problems nowadays worldwide, not only in the field of mental health but also in the field of public health. The aim of the research was to determine the number of attempted suicides as well as the influence of clinical and demographic variables on the attempted suicide rate. METHODS: The data on the attempted suicide were analysed in the period 2012-2016 based on the data from the Emergency Ward of the Clinical Centre of Montenegro in Podgorica...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678684/introduction
#14
John R Jordan
This article provides an introduction to this special issue of Death Studies on suicide postvention. The articles in the issue are derived from a document released by the National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention, titled Responding to Grief, Trauma, and Distress after Suicide: U.S. National Guidelines. The article provides data and a rationale for considering suicide as a serious public health issue in the USA and around the world, and the need for postvention after a suicide occurs. A brief description of each of the articles in the special issue then follows...
July 5, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678453/-suicide-and-mental-institutions-the-lausanne-example
#15
Jean-Michel Kaision, Jacques Gasser
Suicide in the mental hospital is first a human tragedy that affects the patients' families and relatives but also touches all medical staff involved. As for suicide prevention, it is a key issue of public health, and the canton of Vaud has made it a top priority of his mental health policy. We will present some epidemiologic data general of suicide and some specific elements to our institution, the Psychiatry Department of the Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (DP-CHUV). Then we will show how our institution addresses the issue of suicide prevention through the analysis of so-called « adverse clinical events » and the systematic training of its caregivers...
September 21, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675456/implicit-identification-with-death-predicts-change-in-suicide-ideation-during-psychiatric-treatment-in-adolescents
#16
Catherine R Glenn, Evan M Kleiman, Daniel D L Coppersmith, Angela C Santee, Erika C Esposito, Christine B Cha, Matthew K Nock, Randy P Auerbach
BACKGROUND: Suicidal thoughts and behaviors are major public health concerns in youth. Unfortunately, knowledge of reliable predictors of suicide risk in adolescents is limited. Promising research using a death stimuli version of the Implicit Association Test (Death IAT) indicates that stronger identification with death differs between adults with and without a history of suicidal thoughts and behaviors and uniquely predicts suicide ideation and behavior. However, research in adolescents is lacking and existing findings have been mixed...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665329/treatment-of-intrusive-suicidal-imagery-using-eye-movements
#17
Jaël S van Bentum, Marit Sijbrandij, Marcus J H Huibers, Annemiek Huisman, Arnoud Arntz, Emily A Holmes, Ad J F M Kerkhof
Suicide and suicidal behavior are major public health concerns, and affect 3-9% of the population worldwide. Despite increased efforts for national suicide prevention strategies, there are still few effective interventions available for reducing suicide risk. In this article, we describe various theoretical approaches for suicide ideation and behavior, and propose to examine the possible effectiveness of a new and innovative preventive strategy. A model of suicidal intrusion (mental imagery related to suicide, also referred to as suicidal flash-forwards) is presented describing one of the assumed mechanisms in the etiology of suicide and the mechanism of therapeutic change...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664290/suicide-in-adolescents-findings-from-the-swiss-national-cohort
#18
Nicole Steck, Matthias Egger, Benno G Schimmelmann, Stephan Kupferschmid
Suicide in adolescents is the second most common cause of death in this age group and an important public health problem. We examined sociodemographic factors associated with suicide in Swiss adolescents and analysed time trends in youth suicide in the Swiss National Cohort (SNC). The SNC is a longitudinal study of the whole Swiss resident population, based on linkage of census and mortality records. We identified suicides in adolescents aged 10-18 years from 1991 to 2013. A total of 2.396 million adolescents were included and 592 suicides were recorded, corresponding to a rate of 3...
June 29, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655705/use-of-new-technologies-in-the-prevention-of-suicide-in-europe-an-exploratory-study
#19
Juan-Luis Muñoz-Sánchez, Carmen Delgado, Andrés Sánchez-Prada, Mercedes Pérez-López, Manuel A Franco-Martín
BACKGROUND: New technologies are an integral component of today's society and can complement existing suicide prevention programs. Here, we analyzed the use of new technologies in the prevention of suicide in 8 different European countries. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to assess the opinions of professionals in incorporating such resources into the design of a suicide prevention program for the region of Zamora in Spain. This investigation, encompassed within the European project entitled European Regions Enforcing Actions against Suicide (EUREGENAS), includes 11 regions from 8 different countries and attempts to advance the field of suicide prevention in Europe...
June 27, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647722/developing-implementation-strategies-for-firearm-safety-promotion-in-paediatric-primary-care-for-suicide-prevention-in-two-large-us-health-systems-a-study-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-implementation-study
#20
Courtney Benjamin Wolk, Shari Jager-Hyman, Steven C Marcus, Brian K Ahmedani, John E Zeber, Joel A Fein, Gregory K Brown, Adina Lieberman, Rinad S Beidas
INTRODUCTION: The promotion of safe firearm practices, or firearms means restriction, is a promising but infrequently used suicide prevention strategy in the USA. Safety Check is an evidence-based practice for improving parental firearm safety behaviour in paediatric primary care. However, providers rarely discuss firearm safety during visits, suggesting the need to better understand barriers and facilitators to promoting this approach. This study, Adolescent Suicide Prevention In Routine clinical Encounters, aims to engender a better understanding of how to implement the three firearm components of Safety Check as a suicide prevention strategy in paediatric primary care...
June 24, 2017: BMJ Open
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