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Suicide AND public health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345138/u-s-political-parties-and-support-for-suicide-prevention
#1
DeQuincy A Lezine
As a public health problem, suicidal behavior demands a community-level response, including government action. We aimed to test whether support for suicide prevention in the United States has been independent from political party affiliation (Democrat and Republican). Actions from both political parties have supported suicide prevention efforts. The only differences in support based on party affiliation showed greater support from the Democrat Party in one instance, and the Republican Party in the other. The results were consistent with the hypothesis that degree of support for suicide prevention cannot be predicted solely by political party...
March 27, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337929/a-public-health-approach-in-responding-to-the-spread-of-helium-suicide-in-hong-kong
#2
Paul S F Yip, Qijin Cheng, Shu-Sen Chang, Esther Sze Tsai Lee, Chui-Shan Carmen Lai, Feng Chen, Yik-Wa Frances Law, T M Eric Cheng, Sau Mee Chiu, Y L Jeff Tse, Ka-Wai Raymond Cheung, Man-Li Tse, Peter R Morgan, Philip Beh
BACKGROUND: The use of the helium suicide method has been increasing in popularity in Hong Kong since 2012. We have learned a valuable lesson in curbing the spread of charcoal burning (CB) suicide in the past 15 years and hope to prevent the helium suicide method from taking off in the community. AIMS: To document what actions have been taken to contain the spread of the helium suicide method and review the preliminary impact of these actions. METHOD: We adopted a public health approach by engaging stakeholders from multiple sectors, including the police force, the fire services department, coroners, pathologists, mass media, and online media outlets...
March 24, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337154/the-reciprocal-relationship-between-suicidality-and-stigma
#3
REVIEW
Bernardo Carpiniello, Federica Pinna
INTRODUCTION: Although suicidality is frequently the cause of stigma, it is conversely true that stigma may be the cause of suicidality. The present paper focuses on the complex relationships that exist between suicidal behavior and stigmatizing attitudes. METHODS: A narrative review of the topic will be presented on the basis of the relevant literature collected from an electronic search of PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, and Scopus databases, using stigma, public stigma, structural stigma, perceived stigma, self-stigma, suicide, attempted suicide, and suicidality as key words...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335531/associations-among-substance-use-mental-health-disorders-and-self-harm-in-a-prison-population-examining-group-risk-for-suicide-attempt
#4
Madison L Gates, Asher Turney, Elizabeth Ferguson, Veronica Walker, Michelle Staples-Horne
Substance use disorders (SUD) and mental health disorders are significant public health issues that co-occur and are associated with high risk for suicide attempts. SUD and mental health disorders are more prevalent among offenders (i.e., prisoners or inmates) than the non-imprisoned population, raising concerns about the risk of self-harm. This cross-sectional study examined the population of a state prison system (10,988 out of 13,079) to identify associations among SUD (alcohol, cannabis, intravenous drugs, narcotics, and tobacco smoking), mental health disorders (anxiety, bipolar, depression, and psychotic disorders), and suicide attempts...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335013/lifetime-and-1-year-prevalence-of-homelessness-in-the-us-population-results-from-the-national-epidemiologic-survey-on-alcohol-and-related-conditions-iii
#5
Jack Tsai
Background: Homelessness remains a major public health problem in the USA but there have been few recent epidemiological studies in the general population. Methods: Using data from structured interviews with a nationally representative sample of 36 299 US adults from the 2012-13 Wave 3 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC-III), this study examined the lifetime and 1-year prevalence of homelessness, and its correlates. Results: Lifetime and 1-year prevalence of homelessness in the US population was found to be 4...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330398/mental-health-consequences-and-social-issues-after-the-fukushima-disaster
#6
Masaharu Maeda, Misari Oe
The Great East Japan Earthquake and subsequent nuclear power plant accident caused multidimensional and long-term effects on the mental health condition of people living in Fukushima. In this article, focusing on the influence of the nuclear disaster, we present an overview of studies regarding the psychosocial consequences of people in Fukushima. Studies revealed that the experiences of the explosions at the plant as well as the tsunami are deeply embedded in their memory, leading to posttraumatic responses...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323466/sexual-assault-victimization-and-mental-health-treatment-suicide-attempts-and-career-outcomes-among-women-in-the-us-army
#7
Anthony J Rosellini, Amy E Street, Robert J Ursano, Wai Tat Chiu, Steven G Heeringa, John Monahan, James A Naifeh, Maria V Petukhova, Ben Y Reis, Nancy A Sampson, Paul D Bliese, Murray B Stein, Alan M Zaslavsky, Ronald C Kessler
OBJECTIVES: To examine associations of administratively recorded sexual assault victimization during military service with subsequent mental health and negative career outcomes among US Army women controlling for nonrandom victimization exposure. METHODS: We used data from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers to apply propensity score methods to match all 4238 female Regular Army soldiers with administratively recorded sexual assault victimization during 2004 to 2009 to 5 controls per case with similar composite victimization risk...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320345/effect-of-telephone-follow-up-on-repeated-suicide-attempt-in-patients-discharged-from-an-emergency-psychiatry-department-a-controlled-study
#8
Sophie Exbrayat, Clotilde Coudrot, Xavier Gourdon, Aurélia Gay, Jessica Sevos, Jacques Pellet, Béatrice Trombert-Paviot, Catherine Massoubre
BACKGROUND: Attempted suicide is a major public health problem, and the efficacies of current postvention protocols vary. We evaluated the effectiveness of telephone follow-up of patients referred to an emergency psychiatric unit for attempted suicide on any further attempt/s over the following year. METHOD: In a single-center, controlled study with intent to treat, we evaluated the efficacy of a protocol of telephone follow-up of 436 patients at 8, 30, and 60 days after they were treated for attempted suicide...
March 20, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314453/proximal-influences-on-the-trajectory-of-suicidal-behaviors-and-suicide-during-the-transition-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#9
REVIEW
Aradhana Bela Sood, Julie Linker
Youth transitioning to adulthood have unique developmental tasks that make them vulnerable to suicide. Brain development, life stressors, and psychological adjustments during the transition contribute to a high rate of suicidal gestures. To reduce the incidence of self-harm in this age group, a public health approach that identifies and reduces risk factors and enhances protective factors should be used. Institutions and employment arenas should consider structural supports to facilitate this transition of youth into adulthood, with a particular focus on youth with self-harm thoughts, and should provide education about suicide, evidence-based resources, and intervention programs to encourage help seeking...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301448/trends-in-suicide-by-level-of-urbanization-united-states-1999-2015
#10
Scott R Kegler, Deborah M Stone, Kristin M Holland
Suicide is a major and continuing public health concern in the United States. During 1999-2015, approximately 600,000 U.S. residents died by suicide, with the highest annual rate occurring in 2015 (1). Annual county-level mortality data from the National Vital Statistics System (NVSS) and annual county-level population data from the U.S. Census Bureau were used to analyze suicide rate trends during 1999-2015, with special emphasis on comparing more urban and less urban areas. U.S. counties were grouped by level of urbanization using a six-level classification scheme...
March 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297631/an-examination-of-suicide-research-and-funding-in-new-zealand-2006-16-implications-for-new-research-and-policies
#11
Daniel D L Coppersmith, Shyamala Nada-Raja, Annette L Beautrais
Objective Suicide is a significant public health problem in New Zealand, with the youth suicide rate being one of the highest among developed countries. Increased suicide rates in recent years suggest that the evidence base and research priorities for New Zealand suicide prevention need to be reassessed. To inform policy development, the aim of the present study was to evaluate all peer-reviewed New Zealand published suicide research and major grant allocations from 2006 to 2016.Methods The methodology duplicated a recent Australian review of suicide prevention research and funding...
March 16, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282078/-problematic-substance-abuse-and-history-of-suicidal-behavior-in-female-patients-in-an-acute-mental-health-service
#12
Sebastián Camino, Ramiro Expósito, Demián Rodante
Current publications that analyze operational and epidemiologic variables in the Argentinian Mental Health System are scarce. Several international studies have found a correlation between substance abuse and suicidal behavior. However, to our knowledge, there are no local studies that verify this association, especially in hospitalized female patients. The aim of this study is to verify this association in a population of female patients hospitalized in a Mental Health Hospital between august 2007 and july 2013...
July 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278571/stigma-and-suicide-among-gay-and-bisexual-men-living-with-hiv
#13
Olivier Ferlatte, Travis Salway, John L Oliffe, Terry Trussler
HIV positive gay and bisexual men (GBM) continue to struggle with the pervasiveness of HIV stigma, but little is known about the health effects of stigma. In this article, suicidal ideation and attempts are measured among GBM living with HIV, evaluating the extent to which these experiences are associated with stigma and suicide. Drawing from an online national survey of Canadian GBM completed by 7995 respondents, a sub-set of data provided by respondents self-reporting HIV-positive status was used for the current study...
February 10, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260239/ten-year-secular-trends-in-youth-violence-results-from-the-philadelphia-youth-risk-behavior-survey-2003-2013
#14
Andrew C Pool, Freda Patterson, Ingrid Y Luna, Bernadette Hohl, Katherine W Bauer
BACKGROUND: Youth violence reduction is a public health priority, yet few studies have examined secular trends in violence among urban youth, who may be particularly vulnerable to numerous forms of violence. This study examines 10-year secular trends in the prevalence of violence-related behaviors among Philadelphia high school students. METHODS: Repeated cross-sectional data were analyzed from 5 waves of the Philadelphia Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) from 2003 to 2013...
April 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249611/intervention-mapping-to-address-social-and-economic-factors-impacting-indigenous-people-s-health-in-suriname-s-interior-region
#15
Daniel Peplow, Sarah Augustine
BACKGROUND: Previous studies found that while internationally financed economic development projects reduced poverty when measured in terms of per capita GDP, they also caused indigenous people to become disassociated, impoverished and alienated minorities whose health status has declined to unacceptable lows when measured in terms of mercury poisoning and the burgeoning rate of suicide. In this study, we developed a needs assessment and a policy-oriented causal diagram to determine whether the impaired health of the people in this region was at least partially due to the role the country has played within the global economy...
March 1, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249086/efficacy-of-psychotherapies-for-borderline-personality-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Ioana A Cristea, Claudio Gentili, Carmen D Cotet, Daniela Palomba, Corrado Barbui, Pim Cuijpers
Importance: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a debilitating condition, but several psychotherapies are considered effective. Objective: To conduct an updated systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials to assess the efficacy of psychotherapies for BPD populations. Data Sources: Search terms were combined for borderline personality and randomized trials in PubMed, PsycINFO, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (from database inception to November 2015), as well as the reference lists of earlier meta-analyses...
March 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246265/considering-benefits-and-harms-of-duloxetine-for-treatment-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-meta-analysis-of-clinical-study-reports
#17
Emma Maund, Louise Schow Guski, Peter C Gøtzsche
BACKGROUND: The European Medicines Agency makes clinical study reports publicly available and publishes reasons for not approving applications for marketing authorization. Duloxetine has been approved in Europe for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence in women. The reported adverse effects of duloxetine include mental health problems and suicidality. We obtained clinical study reports from the European Medicines Agency concerning use of this drug for stress urinary incontinence...
February 6, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244478/a-study-on-suicide-among-indians-living-with-cancer-during-2001-2014
#18
Anusa Arunachalam Mohandoss, Rooban Thavarajah
BACKGROUND: A small subset of Indian people living/diagnosed with cancer commits suicide. The prevalence and changing trends in such cancer-related suicides are not much reported in literature. An attempt is made to address this subset of suicides during 2001-2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data for this study were collected from the Indian National Crime Bureau Record, cancer registry publication in open domain, and published literature. Trends in the number of suicides associated with state, age groups, genders, and years were the only available parameters...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243776/intergenerational-conflicts-cultural-restraints-and-suicide-experiences-of-young-african-people-in-adelaide-south-australia
#19
Lillian Mwanri, Eunice Okyere, Mariastella Pulvirenti
This study aimed to explore determinants of increased suicide deaths among African youth in South Australia. The paper reports on the intersectionality between intergenerational conflicts and fatal suicides in the target population. The study employed a qualitative inquiry approach, studying 31 young people in the African community in Adelaide. Intergenerational conflicts were identified as pervasive, with negative implications for the affected individuals, their families, and the entire African community. These led to turmoil in the community, youth isolation, reduced social interactions, stress and fatal suicides...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242365/young-men-s-suicidal-behavior-depression-crime-and-substance-use-risks-linked-to-childhood-teasing
#20
David C R Kerr, Gianluca Gini, Deborah M Capaldi
The consequences in adulthood of bullying, teasing, and other peer victimization experiences in childhood rarely have been considered in prospective studies. Studies of peer victimization are mixed regarding whether negative outcomes are explained by pre-existing child vulnerabilities. Furthermore, replication of prior studies with broader definitions and other methods and demographic groups is needed. Based on mother, father, and teacher reports at ages 10-12 years, we classified American boys (n=206) from higher delinquency neighborhoods as perpetrators of teasing, victims, perpetrator-victims, or uninvolved (n=26, 35, 29, and 116, respectively)...
February 24, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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