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Suicide AND public health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645075/a-prospective-follow-up-study-of-younger-and-older-subjects-with-pathological-gambling
#1
Donald W Black, William Coryell, Brett McCormick, Martha Shaw, Jeff Allen
Pathological gambling (PG) is a common and costly public health problem associated with impaired quality of life and high suicide rates. Despite its frequency in the general population, PG course is poorly understood in older adults who are especially vulnerable to its devastating consequences. We enrolled 175 subjects in a longitudinal study of gambling behavior: our case group of 53 older adults with PG (≥ 60 years), and two comparison groups including 72 younger adults with PG (< 40 years) and 50 older adults without PG (≥ 60 years)...
June 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640689/deciphering-suicide-and-other-manners-of-death-associated-with-drug-intoxication-a-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-consultation-meeting-summary
#2
Deborah M Stone, Kristin M Holland, Brad Bartholow, Joseph Logan, Wendy LiKamWa McIntosh, Aimee Trudeau, Ian R H Rockett
Manner of death (MOD) classification (i.e., natural, accident, suicide, homicide, or undetermined cause) affects mortality surveillance and public health research, policy, and practice. Determination of MOD in deaths caused by drug intoxication is challenging, with marked variability across states. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention hosted a multidisciplinary meeting to discuss drug intoxication deaths as they relate to suicide and other MOD. The meeting objectives were to identify individual-level, system-level, and place-based factors affecting MOD classification and identify potential solutions to classification barriers...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636617/backup-development-and-evaluation-of-a-smart-phone-application-for-coping-with-suicidal-crises
#3
Kirsten Pauwels, Saskia Aerts, Ekke Muijzers, Eva De Jaegere, Kees van Heeringen, Gwendolyn Portzky
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major public health issue and has large impact on the lives of many people. Innovative technologies such as smartphones could create new possibilities for suicide prevention, such as helping to overcome the barriers and stigma on help seeking in case of suicidal ideation. Due to their omnipresence, smartphone apps can offer suicide prevention tools very fast, they are easily-accessible, low-threshold and can help overcome some of the help-seeking barriers suicidal people experience...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633372/farmer-suicides-a-qualitative-study-from-australia
#4
M Perceval, K Kõlves, P Reddy, D De Leo
Background: Farmers in Australia, in general, have poorer health outcomes, including higher rates of suicide. Aims: To investigate risk and protective factors and attitudes towards suicide and help-seeking among farmers living and working in New South Wales and Queensland in Australia. Methods: A qualitative study in which three farming sites were selected in each state to represent an area with a suicide rate equal to, below and above the state average...
June 14, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630118/childhood-firearm-injuries-in-the-united-states
#5
Katherine A Fowler, Linda L Dahlberg, Tadesse Haileyesus, Carmen Gutierrez, Sarah Bacon
OBJECTIVES: Examine fatal and nonfatal firearm injuries among children aged 0 to 17 in the United States, including intent, demographic characteristics, trends, state-level patterns, and circumstances. METHODS: Fatal injuries were examined by using data from the National Vital Statistics System and nonfatal injuries by using data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System. Trends from 2002 to 2014 were tested using joinpoint regression analyses. Incident characteristics and circumstances were examined by using data from the National Violent Death Reporting System...
June 19, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624602/the-mediating-effects-of-depressive-symptoms-and-sleep-quality-on-the-relationship-between-the-non-medical-use-of-prescription-drugs-and-suicidal-behaviors-among-chinese-adolescents
#6
Juan Wang, Yan Xu, Lan Guo, Jian-Xiong Deng, Jing-Hui Huang, Guo-Liang Huang, Xue Gao, Hong Wu, Si-Yuan Pan, Ci-Yong Lu
BACKGROUND: The nature of the relationship between the non-medical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD) and suicide has not been clearly elucidated. Some studies have suggested that the relationship between substance use and suicidal ideation may be spurious and could be explained by other variables. METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study was performed in Guangzhou. A total of 5853 students completed questionnaires and were included in the study. NMUPD, alcohol use, illicit drug use, depressive symptoms, sleep quality, and suicidal behaviors were assessed...
June 15, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619107/risk-factors-of-suicide-attempt-among-people-with-suicidal-ideation-in-south-korea-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Soo Beom Choi, Wanhyung Lee, Jin-Ha Yoon, Jong-Uk Won, Deok Won Kim
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a serious public health concern worldwide, and the fourth leading cause of death in Korea. Few studies have focused on risk factors for suicide attempt among people with suicidal ideation. The aim of the present study was to investigate the risk factors and develop prediction models for suicide attempt among people with suicidal ideation in the Korean population. METHOD: This study included 1567 men and 3726 women aged 20 years and older who had suicidal ideation from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2007 to 2012...
June 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616882/bullying-among-18-to-23-year-old-women-in-2013
#8
Natalie Townsend, Jennifer Powers, Deborah Loxton
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of bullying among women aged 18-23 in 2013, and to describe the demographic characteristics, health and risk factors of those who experienced bullying. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis using data from the 1989-95 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health, a nationally representative cohort (n=16,801). RESULTS: More than one-quarter of women (28.4%) indicated they had never been bullied, 53...
June 14, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616860/insomnia-as-a-precipitating-factor-in-new-onset-mental-illness-a-systematic-review-of-recent-findings
#9
REVIEW
Wilfred R Pigeon, Todd M Bishop, Kelsey M Krueger
PURPOSE: We aimed to systematically review recent publications (01/2014-03/2017) with longitudinal designs allowing for the assessment of the prospective risk of insomnia on new onset mental illness in key conditions: anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, substance use disorders, and suicide. RECENT FINDINGS: A literature yielded 1859 unique articles meeting search criteria were identified; 16 articles met all selection criteria and reviewed with some studies reporting on more than one mental health outcome...
August 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609673/risk-taking-behaviors-and-subgrouping-of-suicide-in-iran-a-latent-class-analysis-of-national-registries-data
#10
Ahmad Hajebi, Abbas Abbasi-Ghahramanloo, Seyed Sepehr Hashemian, Seyed Reza Khatibi, Masomeh Ghasemzade, Mahmoud Khodadost
Suicide is one the most important public health problem which is rapidly growing concerns. The aim of this study was to subgroup suicide using LCA method. This cross-sectional study was conducted in Iran based on 66990 records registered in Ministry of Health in 2014. A case report questionnaire in the form of software was used for case registries. Latent class analysis was used to achieve the research objectives. Four latent classes were identified; (a) Non-lethal attempters without a history of psychiatric disorders, (b) Non-lethal attempters with a history of psychiatric disorders, (c) Lethal attempters without a history of psychiatric disorders, (d) Lethal attempters with a history of psychiatric disorders...
June 3, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604590/lithium-in-drinking-water-and-incidence-of-suicide-a-nationwide-individual-level-cohort-study-with-22-years-of-follow-up
#11
Nikoline N Knudsen, Jörg Schullehner, Birgitte Hansen, Lisbeth F Jørgensen, Søren M Kristiansen, Denitza D Voutchkova, Thomas A Gerds, Per K Andersen, Kristine Bihrmann, Morten Grønbæk, Lars V Kessing, Annette K Ersbøll
Suicide is a major public health concern. High-dose lithium is used to stabilize mood and prevent suicide in patients with affective disorders. Lithium occurs naturally in drinking water worldwide in much lower doses, but with large geographical variation. Several studies conducted at an aggregate level have suggested an association between lithium in drinking water and a reduced risk of suicide; however, a causal relation is uncertain. Individual-level register-based data on the entire Danish adult population (3...
June 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601138/psychiatric-disorders-and-suicidality-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#12
REVIEW
Renee M Garcia
Suicidality is a general term that describes the continuum of suicidal ideation, intent, self-injurious behavior, attempts, and completed suicide. Suicidality across the entire spectrum is a public health concern with significant impact, including billions in work loss and medical costs. There are many challenges to managing suicidality in an intensive care unit setting, which will be reviewed here. Additionally, this article will review the prevalence of suicide attempts in different psychiatric diagnoses, conducting a suicide assessment, role of involuntary psychiatric holds, and most common challenges encountered in the ICU setting...
July 2017: Critical Care Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597859/suicide-burden-and-prevention-in-nepal-the-need-for-a-national-strategy
#13
Kedar Marahatta, Reuben Samuel, Pawan Sharma, Lonim Dixit, Bhola Ram Shrestha
Suicide is a major cause of deaths worldwide and is a key public health concern in Nepal. Although routine national data are not collected in Nepal, the available evidence suggests that suicide rates are relatively high, notably for women. In addition, civil conflict and the 2015 earthquake have had significant contributory effects. A range of factors both facilitate suicide attempts and hinder those affected from seeking help, such as the ready availability of toxic pesticides and the widespread, although erroneous, belief that suicide is illegal...
April 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597858/policy-and-governance-to-address-depression-and-suicide-in-bhutan-the-national-suicide-prevention-strategy
#14
Gampo Dorji, Sonam Choki, Kinga Jamphel, Yeshi Wangdi, Tandin Chogyel, Chencho Dorji, Damber Kumar Nirola
Suicide and mental disorders are a growing public health issue in Bhutan, due in part to a rapidly transitioning society. The burden of suicide has been recognized by the Royal Government of Bhutan and, as a result, it introduced the country's first ever national suicide-prevention plan in 2015. The 3-year action plan takes a holistic approach to making suicide-prevention services a top social priority, through strengthening suicide-prevention policies, promoting socially protective measures, mitigating risk factors and reaching out to individuals who are at risk of suicide or affected by incidents of suicide...
April 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597856/challenges-and-opportunities-in-suicide-prevention-in-south-east-asia
#15
Lakshmi Vijayakumar
Suicide is a global public health problem, with over 800 000 people worldwide dying by suicide in 2012, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). The WHO South-East Asia Region is especially affected, with 39% of global suicides occurring in the 11 countries in this region. Women are a particularly vulnerable population, for a variety of social and cultural reasons. In India specifically, deaths by suicide for women peak in the age range 15-29 years. There is sufficient evidence to show that reduction of easy access to means of suicide is an effective prevention strategy...
April 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596127/does-the-environment-affect-suicide-rates-in-spain-a-spatiotemporal-analysis
#16
Maite Santurtún, Ana Santurtún, María T Zarrabeitia
INTRODUCTION: Suicide is an important public health problem, it represents one of the major causes of unnatural death, and there are many factors that affect the risk of suicidal behaviour. The present study analyzes the temporal and spatial variations of mortality by suicide in Spain and its relationship with gross domestic product (GDP) per capita. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study was performed, in which deaths by suicide, sex and age group in 50 Spanish provinces between 2000 and 2012 were analyzed...
June 5, 2017: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595491/suicidal-behavior-during-lithium-and-valproate-treatment-a-within-individual-8-year-prospective-study-of-50-000-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#17
Jie Song, Arvid Sjölander, Erik Joas, Sarah E Bergen, Bo Runeson, Henrik Larsson, Mikael Landén, Paul Lichtenstein
OBJECTIVE: Conclusions regarding lithium's antisuicidal effect for bipolar disorder have been limited due to nonrepresentative subjects and potential confounding factors, including varying severity of illness. Findings regarding the effect of valproate, the most common alternative to lithium, are inconsistent for suicidal behavior. This study investigated the associations of these two drugs with the risk of suicide-related events, and possible differences between drugs, by using within-individual designs in a register-based longitudinal cohort...
June 9, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575261/elder-self-neglect-and-suicidal-ideation-in-an-u-s-chinese-aging-population-findings-from-the-pine-study
#18
XinQi Dong, Ying Xu, Ding Ding
Background: Self-neglect and suicidal ideations are important public health issues among the aging population. This study aims to examine the association between self-neglect, its phenotypes, and suicidal ideation among U.S. Chinese older adults. Methods: Guided by a community-based participatory research approach, the Population Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago (PINE) study is a population-based epidemiological study conducted from 2011 to 2013 among 3,159 Chinese older adults aged 60 years and older in the Greater Chicago area...
July 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558895/prevalence-of-depression-and-past-suicide-attempt-in-primary-care
#19
Pillaveetil Sathyadas Indu, Thekkethayyil Viswanathan Anilkumar, Ramdas Pisharody, Paul Swamidhas Sudhakar Russell, Damodaran Raju, P Sankara Sarma, Saradamma Remadevi, K R Leela Itty Amma, A Sheelamoni, Chittaranjan Andrade
BACKGROUND: It is known that persons who die by suicide commonly visit a primary care physician (PCP) shortly before the fatal act.There is little information on history of suicide attempt in depressed patients who consult PCPs for non-mental health indications.This information is important because past history of suicide attempt is a known predictor of future suicide risk. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of depression among outpatients in primary care and to determine the prevalence and determinants of past suicide attempt among them...
June 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558881/social-anxiety-and-internet-socialization-in-indian-undergraduate-students-an-exploratory-study
#20
Bianca S Honnekeri, Akhil Goel, Maithili Umate, Nilesh Shah, Avinash De Sousa
BACKGROUND: Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) is a globally prevalent, chronic, debilitating psychiatric disorder affecting youth. With comorbidities including major depression, substance abuse, lower educational and work attainment, and increased suicide risk, it has a significant public health burden. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of SAD in urban Indian undergraduate students and to study their Facebook (FB) usage patterns. METHODS: In this exploratory cross-sectional study, 316 undergraduate students were screened for social anxiety using validated instruments, Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) and Social Phobia Scale (SPS), and divided into two groups based on scores obtained...
June 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
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