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Suicide AND public health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202423/suicide-and-self-harm-in-nepal-a-scoping-review
#1
REVIEW
Suresh Thapaliya, Pawan Sharma, Kapil Upadhyaya
BACKGROUND: Suicide and self harm behavior has become a major public health issue in recent years in Nepal. This small south Asian country was ranked 7th by suicide rate globally by the 2014 World Health Organization report with an estimated 6,840 suicides annually, or 24.9 suicides per 100,000 people. We decided to explore the epidemiology of suicidal behaviour and self harm, modes of attempt, associated risk factors and trends in specific population. METHODOLOGY: Two researchers independently reviewed 47 studies published in the US National Library of Medicine's PubMed electronic Database and Google Scholar till December 2016...
December 1, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197754/alcohol-use-by-suicide-victims-in-the-city-of-sao-paulo-brazil-2011-2015
#2
Raphael Eduardo Marques Gonçalves, Júlio de Carvalho Ponce, Vilma Leyton
Excessive alcohol consumption is a serious public health issue, because drunkenness affects critical judgment and self-control which could trigger violent and self-harm behavior, with thus a potential association between alcohol consumption and suicide deaths. The objective of the present study was to assess the association between alcohol consumption and suicide deaths in the city of Sao Paulo, Brazil, from 2011 to 2015, and its relationship with socio-demographic characteristics of the victims and the circumstances of the suicide...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196062/childhood-maltreatment-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Richard T Liu, Katie M Scopelliti, Sarah K Pittman, Alejandra S Zamora
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury is being increasingly recognised as a prominent public health concern. Identification of early and modifiable risk factors is necessary to advance the screening and intervention efforts, particularly early detection of at-risk individuals. We aimed to examine childhood maltreatment, including its specific subtypes, in relation to non-suicidal self-injury. METHODS: We did a comprehensive meta-analysis of childhood maltreatment (overall, sexual abuse, physical abuse and neglect, and emotional abuse and neglect) in association with non-suicidal self-injury...
November 28, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195638/cause-specific-mortality-among-women-of-reproductive-age-results-from-a-population-based-study-in-an-iranian-community
#4
Javad Aghazadeh, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Rasool EntezarMahdi, Mohammad Eslami, Iraj Mohebbi, Hasan Yousefzadeh, Hamidreza Farrokh-Eslamlou
PURPOSE OF STUDY: This study was conducted to evaluate the levels, patterns, and causes of mortality among women of reproductive age in Northwestern Iran. METHODS: Deaths were determined for females resident in West Azerbaijan Province of Iran and who died between March 2013 to February 2014 using reproductive age mortality survey (RAMOS). Causes of death were ascertained by verbal autopsy (VA) and classified based on the International Classification of Diseases, tenth revision (ICD-10)...
December 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194428/correction-nabeshima-y-et-al-analysis-of-japanese-articles-about-suicides-involving-charcoal-burning-or-hydrogen-sulfide-gas-int-j-environ-res-public-health-2016-13-1013
#5
Yoshihiro Nabeshima, Daisuke Onozuka, Takanari Kitazono, Akihito Hagihara
We wish to make the following three corrections to the published paper [...].
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189502/connecting-the-dots-state-health-department-approaches-to-addressing-shared-risk-and-protective-factors-across-multiple-forms-of-violence
#6
Natalie Wilkins, Lindsey Myers, Tomei Kuehl, Alice Bauman, Marci Hertz
Violence takes many forms, including intimate partner violence, sexual violence, child abuse and neglect, bullying, suicidal behavior, and elder abuse and neglect. These forms of violence are interconnected and often share the same root causes. They can also co-occur together in families and communities and can happen at the same time or at different stages of life. Often, due to a variety of factors, separate, "siloed" approaches are used to address each form of violence. However, understanding and implementing approaches that prevent and address the overlapping root causes of violence (risk factors) and promote factors that increase the resilience of people and communities (protective factors) can help practitioners more effectively and efficiently use limited resources to prevent multiple forms of violence and save lives...
January 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180462/global-human-trafficking-and-child-victimization
#7
Jordan Greenbaum, Nia Bodrick
Trafficking of children for labor and sexual exploitation violates basic human rights and constitutes a major global public health problem. Pediatricians and other health care professionals may encounter victims who present with infections, injuries, posttraumatic stress disorder, suicidality, or a variety of other physical or behavioral health conditions. Preventing child trafficking, recognizing victimization, and intervening appropriately require a public health approach that incorporates rigorous research on the risk factors, health impact, and effective treatment options for child exploitation as well as implementation and evaluation of primary prevention programs...
November 27, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179768/correction-to-airplane-pilot-mental-health-and-suicidal-thoughts-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study-via-anonymous-web-based-survey
#8
Alexander C Wu, Deborah Donnelly-McLay, Marc G Weisskopf, Eileen McNeely, Theresa S Betancourt, Joseph G Allen
After publication of the article [1], it has been brought to our attention that the specificity of the tool was reported as 88%. This specificity is for Major Depressive Disorder. The specificity of the tool for all depressive disorders, the outcome of interest in the study, is 93%.
November 27, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163945/pregnancy-associated-death-in-record-linkage-studies-relative-to-delivery-termination-of-pregnancy-and-natural-losses-a-systematic-review-with-a-narrative-synthesis-and-meta-analysis
#9
David C Reardon, John M Thorp
Objectives: Measures of pregnancy associated deaths provide important guidance for public health initiatives. Record linkage studies have significantly improved identification of deaths associated with childbirth but relatively few have also examined deaths associated with pregnancy loss even though higher rates of maternal death have been associated with the latter. Following PRISMA guidelines we undertook a systematic review of record linkage studies examining the relative mortality risks associated with pregnancy loss to develop a narrative synthesis, a meta-analysis, and to identify research opportunities...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163282/from-querulous-to-suicidal-self-immolation-in-public-places-as-a-symbolic-response-to-the-feeling-of-injustice
#10
Benjamin T Lévy, Cécile Prudent, Florian Liétard, Renaud Evrard
Aim: This paper sheds light on the context that leads some querulous patients to self-immolate in front of, or into, public buildings (e.g., tribunals, city halls, and employment agencies). Method: The author defines paranoid querulousness. A psychoanalytic perspective, but also a judicial and a psychiatric point of view, over querulous claimants is presented. The links between political or social claims and self-immolation are studied. The expression of suicidal thoughts voiced by four querulous subjects is analyzed...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157507/public-attitudes-towards-involuntary-admission-and-treatment-by-mental-health-services-in-norway
#11
Inge Joa, Kjetil Hustoft, Liss Gøril Anda, Kolbjørn Brønnick, Olav Nielssen, Jan Olav Johannessen, Johannes H Langeveld
PURPOSE: The role of compulsory treatment of serious mental disorders has been the topic of ongoing public debate involving among others mental health professionals, service providers, service user advocates, relatives of service users, media commentators and politicians. However, relatively little is known about general public attitudes towards involuntary admission and compulsory treatment of people with various mental disorders. This article examines the attitudes in a representative sample of Norway's population towards the use of involuntary admission and treatment, and under which circumstances does the general public consider compulsory treatment to be justified in the Norwegian mental health care services...
November 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157504/domestic-minor-sex-trafficking
#12
REVIEW
Amy Goldberg, Jessica Moore
Commercial sexual exploitation of children and child sex trafficking is a major public health issue globally. Domestic minor sex trafficking has become increasingly recognized within the United States. Sexually exploited minors are commonly identified as having psychosocial risk factors, including histories of abuse or neglect, running away, substance use or abuse, and involvement with child protective services. Youth also suffer a variety of physical and mental health consequences, including posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety, and suicidality...
January 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152422/suicide-and-its-legal-implications-in-pakistan-a-literature-review
#13
REVIEW
Sadiq Naveed, Tooba Qadir, Tayyaba Afzaal, Ahmed Waqas
In recent decades, great strides have been made in understanding the science of suicide. Thus, it is imperative that Pakistani legal systems bridge the gap between Pakistani law and science. For instance, recent discoveries in public health, psychology, and neurobiology have shaped the etiological model of suicidal behavior and highlighted the high preponderance of certain psychiatric patients towards suicide. We present here a brief overview of psychiatric evidence implicated in suicides to better inform the Pakistani legal system of advances in the psychiatric literature...
September 8, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150193/descriptive-epidemiology-of-traumatic-spinal-injury-in-japan
#14
Mahammad Abbas Tafida, Yukiko Wagatsuma, Enbo Ma, Taro Mizutani, Toshikazu Abe
BACKGROUND: Spine injury epidemiology in Japan has not been studied since the 1990s when its incidence was 39.4-40.2 per million and the major cause of injury was motor vehicle crashes. We elucidate the current epidemiological state of spinal injury and spinal injury patients in Japan for the clinicians and public health prevention programs. METHODS: Spine injury patients were retrospectively selected from the Japan Trauma Data Bank (JTDB) from 2004 to 2013 for all ages and all spinal injuries...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149114/-calls-due-to-suicidal-behaviour-made-to-the-prehospital-emergency-department-in-m%C3%A3-laga-characteristics-and-associated-factors
#15
M Jiménez-Hernández, S Castro-Zamudio, J Guzmán Parra, A I Martínez-García, C Guillén-Benítez, B Moreno-Küstner
BACKGROUND: Suicidal behaviour (fatal and non-fatal) has become a serious public health problem in many countries. The aim of the study was to describe the differential characteristics of emergency calls due to suicidal behaviour made to the Emergency Coordinating Centre (CCUE) in the province of Málaga, in comparison with calls due to physical or psychiatric problems. METHODS: Retrospective observational study of the calls recorded in the database of the Public Company for Emergency Health during one year...
November 17, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145698/illicit-drug-use-illicit-drug-use-disorders-and-drug-overdose-deaths-in-metropolitan-and-nonmetropolitan-areas-united-states
#16
EDITORIAL
Karin A Mack, Christopher M Jones, Michael F Ballesteros
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Drug overdoses are a leading cause of injury death in the United States, resulting in approximately 52,000 deaths in 2015. Understanding differences in illicit drug use, illicit drug use disorders, and overall drug overdose deaths in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas is important for informing public health programs, interventions, and policies. REPORTING PERIOD: Illicit drug use and drug use disorders during 2003-2014, and drug overdose deaths during 1999-2015...
December 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137562/beware-the-educational-fix-limitations-of-efforts-to-promote-mental-health-literacy
#17
Patrick Corrigan
Public health professionals seek to promote health literacy through education. In the mental health arena, such approaches have included teaching primary care gatekeepers to screen for early identification of suicide risk and teaching members of the general public to engage peers in need of mental health treatment and guide them into evidence-based care. Educational positivism is the belief that this pedagogic enterprise is unlimited, leading to a "more is better" approach. Despite its promise, however, educational approaches may have muted effects...
November 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132951/school-based-health-centers-depression-and-suicide-risk-among-adolescents
#18
Mallie J Paschall, Melina Bersamin
INTRODUCTION: This study examined whether increasing availability of mental health services at school-based health centers in Oregon public schools would be associated with a decrease in the likelihood of depressive episodes and suicide risk among adolescents. METHODS: The study included 168 Oregon public schools that participated in the Oregon Healthy Teens Survey in 2013 and 2015. Twenty-five schools had a school-based health center, and 14 of those schools increased the availability of mental health services from 2013 to 2015...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130035/demography-and-risk-factors-of-suicide-in-bangladesh-a-six-month-paper-content-analysis
#19
Md Mohsin Ali Shah, Srijony Ahmed, S M Yasir Arafat
Background: Suicide is a global public health problem too often neglected by researchers and Bangladesh is not an exception. There is no suicide surveillance and nationwide study is yet to be conducted in the country. Objectives: This paper aimed to look into suicide based on newspaper reporting in Bangladesh focusing on the demographic variables and risk factors. Methods: 6 national newspapers were scrutinized from November 2016 to April 2017...
2017: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126919/school-based-mental-health-services-suicide-risk-and-substance-use-among-at-risk-adolescents-in-oregon
#20
Mallie J Paschall, Melina Bersamin
This study examined whether an increase in the availability of mental health services at school-based health centers (SBHCs) in Oregon public schools was associated with the likelihood of suicidal ideation, suicide attempts and substance use behaviors among adolescents who experienced a depressive episode in the past year. The study sample included 168 Oregon public middle and high schools and 9073 students who participated in the Oregon Healthy Teens Survey (OHT) in 2013 and 2015. Twenty-five schools had an SBHC, and 14 of those schools increased availability of mental health services from 2013 to 2015...
November 7, 2017: Preventive Medicine
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