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Suicide AND public health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439293/socio-demographic-characteristics-clinical-profile-and-prevalence-of-existing-mental-illness-among-suicide-attempters-attending-emergency-services-at-two-hospitals-in-hawassa-city-south-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Moges Ayehu, Tarekegn Solomon, Kinfe Lemma
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major public health problem worldwide. It contributes for more than one million deaths each year. Since previous suicidal attempt was considered as the best predictor of future suicide, identifying factors behind suicidal attempt are helpful to design suicide prevention strategies. The aim of this study was to assess socio-demographic characteristics, clinical profile and prevalence of existing mental illness among patients presenting with suicidal attempt to emergency services of general hospitals in South Ethiopia...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439289/bipolarity-and-suicidal-ideation-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Flórido Sampaio das Neves Peixoto, Danilo Ferreira de Sousa, Dayse Christina Rodrigues Pereira Luz, Nélio Barreto Vieira, Jucier Gonçalves Júnior, Gabriel Cabral Alencar Dos Santos, Flaviane Cristine Troglio da Silva, Modesto Leite Rolim Neto
BACKGROUND: Affective disorders in children and adolescents have received growing attention in the world scenario of mental health. Additionally, there has been an increasing prevalence of suicidal ideation in this population. OBJECTIVE: A systematic review with meta-analysis was conducted to demonstrate the main risk factors regarding the development of suicidal ideation in the bipolar disorder. METHODS: This is a systematic review with meta-analysis using the PRISMA protocol (http://www...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427369/suicidal-ideation-and-its-correlates-among-high-school-students-in-iran-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Reza Ziaei, Eija Viitasara, Joaquim Soares, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazarghani, Saeed Dastgiri, Ali Hossein Zeinalzadeh, Farhad Bahadori, Reza Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: Globally, the second leading cause of death among adolescents is suicide and in middle-income countries adolescents' suicidal ideation is a neglected public health area. The present study was conducted to determine the prevalence and correlates of suicidal ideation among 15-17-year-old high school students in Iran. METHODS: Self-administered, Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS) questionnaires were distributed to a representative sample (N =1517) of high-school students aged 15-17 in the city of Tabriz...
April 20, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427363/a-spatio-temporal-analysis-of-suicide-in-el-salvador
#4
Carlos Carcach
BACKGROUND: In 2012, international statistics showed El Salvador's suicide rate as 40th in the world and the highest in Latin America. Over the last 15 years, national statistics show the suicide death rate declining as opposed to an increasing rate of homicide. Though completed suicide is an important social and health issue, little is known about its prevalence, incidence, etiology and spatio-temporal behavior. The primary objective of this study was to examine completed suicide and homicide using the stream analogy to lethal violence within a spatio-temporal framework...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424378/-recognition-care-and-prevention-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-adults
#5
Zoltán Rihmer, Attila Németh, Tamás Kurimay, Dóra Perczel-Forintos, György Purebl, Péter Döme
Suicide is a major public health problem everywhere in the world and in the WHO European Region suicide accounts for over 120,000 deaths per year. 1. Recognition and diagnosis: An underlying psychiatric disorder is present in up to 90% of people who completed suicide. Comorbidity with depression, anxiety, substance abuse and personality disorders is high. In order to achieve successful prevention of suicidality, adequate diagnostic procedures and appropriate treatment for the underlying disorder are essential...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419893/carbon-monoxide-related-fatalities-a-60-year-single-institution-experience
#6
Martin Janík, Michaela Ublová, Štepánka Kučerová, Petr Hejna
OBJECTIVE: Though carbon monoxide (CO) poisonings account currently for a relatively small percentage of total non-natural deaths in Europe, they represent a serious public health burden and significant component of avoidable mortality in many countries. Our aim was to investigate long-term trends and to determine epidemiologic characteristics of the CO-related deaths in the Czech Republic, recorded at the Department of Forensic Medicine in Hradec Králové. METHODS: This was an autopsy-based single-centre retrospective cohort study of all fatalities caused by CO poisoning over six decades (1947-2006)...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416966/an-overview-of-mental-health-care-system-in-kilifi-kenya-results-from-an-initial-assessment-using-the-world-health-organization-s-assessment-instrument-for-mental-health-systems
#7
Mary A Bitta, Symon M Kariuki, Eddie Chengo, Charles R J C Newton
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the state of mental health systems in Kenya. In 2010, Kenya promulgated a new constitution, which devolved national government and the national health system to 47 counties including Kilifi County. There is need to provide evidence from mental health systems research to identify priority areas in Kilifi's mental health system for informing county health sector decision making. We conducted an initial assessment of state of mental health systems in Kilifi County and documented resources, policy and legislation and spectrum of mental, neurological and substance use disorders...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414504/the-qualities-of-attachment-with-significant-others-and-self-compassion-protect-adolescents-from-non-suicidal-self-injury
#8
Yongqiang Jiang, Jianing You, Xiaoling Zheng, Min-Pei Lin
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a serious public health problem. Identifying the factors that could help prevent or reduce NSSI is important. The current study examined the protective roles of the perceived qualities of current attachment to significant others (i.e., mothers, fathers, and peers) and self-compassion in adolescent NSSI. The potential mediating effect of self-compassion in the relationships between attachment relationships with mothers, fathers, and peers and adolescent NSSI was also explored...
April 17, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412922/abnormalities-in-kynurenine-pathway-metabolism-in-treatment-resistant-depression-and-suicidality-a-systematic-review
#9
Gianluca Serafini, Giulia Adavastro, Giovanna Canepa, Laura Capobianco, Claudia Conigliaro, Federica Pittaluga, Martino Belvederi Murri, Alessandro Valchera, Domenico De Berardis, Maurizio Pompili, Daniel Lindqvist, Lena Brundin, Mario Amore
Treatment resistant depression (TRD) and suicidal behavior are among the most important public health problems and are commonly associated with significant disability and psychosocial impairment. Although there have been recent advances in identifying neurobiological correlates of these complex conditions, their pathophysiology still remains unclear. Although the recent advances concerning the neurobiological determinants underlying these complex conditions, their pathophysiology still remains unclear. Compared to non-suicidal subjects, higher mean concentrations of inflammatory mediators have been found in both the periphery and brain of individuals at risk for suicide...
April 13, 2017: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411663/-suicide-in-the-elderly
#10
Marie-Claude Frénisy, Claude Plassard
Suicide in the elderly is a real public health issue and has been the subject of a national prevention plan. It is very frequently linked to depression. To prevent people attempting suicide, health professionals must be trained to recognise and manage a suicidal crisis.
April 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411658/-improving-suicide-prevention
#11
Michel Debout
Suicidal thoughts precede a suicide attempt. Knowing the people who are exposed to such thoughts enables prevention to be improved. The results of a study of the general population show that one in five French people claim to have already seriously considered committing suicide. This represents a particularly concerning public health issue.
April 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411657/-suicide-in-france-a-situational-analysis
#12
Françoise Facy
The fall in the number of suicides in France in no way diminishes the urgent need to act and reinforce the efforts, initiatives and resources to fight against this human tragedy. Public policies are starting to show results. The action of the French national suicide watch, associations, health professionals as well as the perspectives of the French national mental health council should amplify this movement.
April 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410860/comprehensive-screening-for-suicide-risk-in-primary-care
#13
Guy S Diamond, Joanna L Herres, E Stephanie Krauthamer Ewing, Tita O Atte, Syreeta W Scott, Matt B Wintersteen, Robert J Gallop
INTRODUCTION: Suicide is a major public health problem and a complex clinical challenge. Assessment and early identification could be enhanced with screening tools that look beyond depression. The purpose of this study was to identify profiles of risk behaviors and social stress associated with suicidal ideation and behavior using the Behavioral Health Screen. METHODS: The study used screening data from 2,513 primary care patients (aged 14-24 years). Data were collected between 2008 and 2012, and were analyzed in 2016...
April 11, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406268/self-reported-reasons-for-not-receiving-mental-health-treatment-in-adults-with-serious-suicidal-thoughts
#14
S Janet Kuramoto-Crawford, Beth Han, Richard T McKeon
OBJECTIVE: This study examined self-reported reasons for not receiving mental health treatment among adults with past-year serious suicidal thoughts and their sociodemographic characteristics associated with these reasons. METHODS: Using the 2008-2013 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health, we examined 8,400 respondents aged 18 years or older who had past-year serious thoughts of suicide and did not receive mental health treatment that year. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to estimate the associations between sociodemographic characteristics and self-reported reasons for not receiving mental health treatment among these suicidal adults...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405359/suicides-on-the-austrian-railway-network-hotspot-analysis-and-effect-of-proximity-to-psychiatric-institutions
#15
Markus J Strauss, Peter Klimek, Gernot Sonneck, Thomas Niederkrotenthaler
Railway suicide is a significant public health problem. In addition to the loss of lives, these suicides occur in public space, causing traumatization among train drivers and passengers, and significant public transport delays. Prevention efforts depend upon accurate knowledge of clustering phenomena across the railway network, and spatial risk factors. Factors such as proximity to psychiatric institutions have been discussed to impact on railway suicides, but analytic evaluations are scarce and limited. We identify 15 hotspots on the Austrian railway system while taking case location uncertainties into account...
March 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403655/prevalence-mortality-and-health-care-use-among-patients-with-cluster-b-personality-disorders-clinically-diagnosed-in-quebec
#16
Lionel Cailhol, Éric Pelletier, Louis Rochette, Lise Laporte, Pierre David, Évens Villeneuve, Joel Paris, Alain Lesage
BACKGROUND: Cluster B personality disorders (PDs) are prevalent mental health conditions in the general population (1%-6% depending on the subtype and study). Affected patients are known to be heavier users of both mental and medical health care systems than patients with other clinical conditions such as depression. METHODS: Several rates were estimated using data from the integrated monitoring system for chronic diseases in the province of Quebec, Canada. It provides a profile of annual and period prevalence rates, mortality rates, and years of lost life as well as health care utilisation rates for Quebec residents...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399102/-the-social-pressing-of-self-destroyer-stigma-a-medic%C3%B0-sociological-study
#17
B S Polozhy, V A Ruzhenkov, V V Ruzhenkova
AIM: To explore the characteristics of social pressure of suicide-associated stigma for the development of preventive and destigmatization measures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: By the medico-sociological method were interviewed 1255 persons: 65 psychiatrists at the age of 23 to 80 years; 402 nurses and 437 ward attendants working in mental hospitals, and 351 people of the general population of the Belgorod region. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Significant differences were discovered in personal, intimate, family and other fields...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394506/lithium-levels-in-tap-water-and-the-mental-health-problems-of-adolescents-an-individual-level-cross-sectional-survey
#18
Shuntaro Ando, Shinsuke Koike, Shinji Shimodera, Ryosuke Fujito, Ken Sawada, Takeshi Terao, Toshi A Furukawa, Tsukasa Sasaki, Shimpei Inoue, Nozomu Asukai, Yuji Okazaki, Atsushi Nishida
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between lithium level in tap water and mental health problems, including depressive symptoms, anxiety, and aggressive and suicidal behaviors, in a general population of adolescents using a large individual-level dataset. METHODS: A school-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted in Kochi Prefecture in Japan between 2008 and 2009. Students in 24 public junior high schools were asked to anonymously complete a self-report questionnaire...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391545/burden-of-suicide-in-poland-in-2012-how-could-it-be-measured-and-how-big-is-it
#19
Katarzyna Orlewska, Ewa Orlewska
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to estimate the health-related and economic burden of suicide in Poland in 2012 and to demonstrate the effects of using different assumptions on the disease burden estimation. METHODS: Years of life lost (YLL) were calculated by multiplying the number of deaths by the remaining life expectancy. Local expected YLL (LEYLL) and standard expected YLL (SEYLL) were computed using Polish life expectancy tables and WHO standards, respectively...
April 8, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386649/factors-associated-with-different-smoking-status-in-european-adolescents-results-of-the-seyle-study
#20
Raphaela Banzer, C Haring, A Buchheim, S Oehler, V Carli, C Wasserman, M Kaess, A Apter, J Balazs, J Bobes, R Brunner, P Corcoran, D Cosman, C W Hoven, J P Kahn, H S Keeley, V Postuvan, T Podlogar, M Sisask, A Värnik, M Sarchiapone, D Wasserman
Early onset and long-term smoking are associated with physical and psychological health problems. The aim of the presented analysis was to investigate risk and influencing factors for different smoking status in a big sample of European adolescents. In the context of the "saving and empowering young lives in Europe" (SEYLE) study we surveyed 12,328 adolescents at the age of 13-17 from 11 countries. The survey took place in a school-based context using a questionnaire. Overall 58% reported the onset of ever-smoking under the age of 14 and 30...
April 6, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
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