keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Suicide AND public health

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454220/early-life-sexual-abuse-is-associated-with-increased-suicide-attempts-an-update-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Qin Xiang Ng, Bob Zheng Jie Yong, Collin Yin Xian Ho, Donovan Yutong Lim, Wee-Song Yeo
Suicide is an emerging, yet preventable global health issue associated with significant mortality. Identification of underlying risk factors and antecedents may inform preventive strategies and interventions. This study serves to provide an updated meta-analysis examining the extent of association of early life sexual abuse with suicide attempts. Using the keywords [early abuse OR childhood abuse OR sexual OR rape OR molest* OR violence OR trauma OR PTSD] AND [suicid* OR premature OR unnatural OR deceased OR died OR mortality], a preliminary search on the PubMed, Ovid, PsychINFO, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases yielded 12,874 papers published in English between 1-Jan-1988 and 1-June-2017...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454198/long-term-exposure-to-air-pollution-and-the-risk-of-suicide-death-a-population-based-cohort-study
#2
Jin-Young Min, Hye-Jin Kim, Kyoung-Bok Min
Suicide is a major public health problem. Previous studies have reported a significant association between acute exposure to air pollution and suicide; little attention has been paid to the long-term effects of air pollution on risk of suicide. We investigated whether long-term exposure to particulate matter of ≤10μm in diameter (PM 10 ), nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ), and sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ) would be associated with a greater risk of death by suicide. The study sample comprised 265,749 adults enrolled in the National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort (2002-2013) in South Korea...
February 14, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453031/spaces-of-hope-youth-perspectives-on-health-and-wellness-in-indigenous-communities
#3
Lydia Wood, David Kamper, Kate Swanson
This article addresses an apparent paradox between academic and policy depictions of American Indian reservations as "broken" and "unhealthy" places, and Indigenous youth perceptions of reservations as spaces of "health" and "wellness." Public health literature often frames reservations as damaged, health-denying places, chronicling the extraordinarily high rates of suicide, substance abuse, as well as vast health disparities. Despite these dire statistics, our research with Native youth in San Diego County found that young people chose to primarily emphasize their positive experiences with, and attachments to, their reservations...
February 13, 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449291/adapting-and-enhancing-pax-good-behavior-game-for-first-nations-communities-a-mixed-methods-study-protocol-developed-with-swampy-cree-tribal-council-communities-in-manitoba
#4
Janique Fortier, Mariette Chartier, Sarah Turner, Nora Murdock, Frank Turner, Jitender Sareen, Tracie O Afifi, Laurence Y Katz, Marni Brownell, James Bolton, Brenda Elias, Corinne Isaak, Roberta Woodgate, Depeng Jiang
INTRODUCTION: High rates of mental health problems, such as suicidal behaviours, among First Nations youth in Canada are a major public health concern. The Good Behavior Game (GBG) is a school-based intervention that provides a nurturing environment for children and has been shown to promote positive outcomes. PAX Good Behavior Game (PAX GBG) is an adaptation and enhancement of the GBG. While PAX GBG has been implemented in Indigenous communities, little research exists examining the cultural and contextual appropriateness and effectiveness of the intervention in First Nations communities...
February 15, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434657/mental-health-status-and-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-of-migrant-children-in-eastern-coastal-china-in-comparison-to-urban-children-a-cross-sectional-survey
#5
Jingjing Lu, Feng Wang, Pengfei Chai, Dongshuo Wang, Lu Li, Xudong Zhou
Purpose: Although adolescents' mental health problems and self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs) have been a serious public health concern worldwide, descriptions of risk factors for SITBs often fail to take migration into account. There are roughly 35.8 million migrant children in China who, with their parents, moved from original rural residence to urban areas. Little is known about migrant children's mental health status and levels of SITBs. This study aims to explore the mental health status and SITBs of migrant children living in eastern coastal China in comparison to their urban counterparts...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433468/suicide-and-deliberate-self-harm-in-pakistan-a-scoping-review
#6
Sualeha S Shekhani, Shagufta Perveen, Dur-E-Sameen Hashmi, Khawaja Akbar, Sara Bachani, Murad M Khan
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major global public health problem with more than 800,000 incidents worldwide annually. Seventy-five percent of the global suicides occur in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Pakistan is a LMIC where information on suicidal behavior is limited. The aim of the review is to map available literature on determinants, risk factors and other variables of suicidal behavior in Pakistan. METHOD: This study was based on Arksey and O'Malley's methodological framework of scoping review, combining peer reviewed publications with grey literature...
February 12, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433452/association-between-migraine-and-suicidal-behavior-among-ethiopian-adults
#7
Hanna Y Berhane, Bethannie Jamerson-Dowlen, Lauren E Friedman, Yemane Berhane, Michelle A Williams, Bizu Gelaye
BACKGROUND: Despite the significant impact of migraine on patients and societies, few studies in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) have investigated the association between migraine and suicidal behavior. The objective of our study is to examine the extent to which migraines are associated with suicidal behavior (including suicidal ideation, plans, and attempts) in a well-characterized study of urban dwelling Ethiopian adults. METHODS: We enrolled 1060 outpatient adults attending St...
February 12, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425532/stigma-as-a-barrier-to-health-care-utilization-among-female-sex-workers-and-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-burkina-faso
#8
Hae-Young Kim, Ashley Grosso, Odette Ky-Zerbo, Marcel Lougue, Shauna Stahlman, Cesaire Samadoulougou, Gautier Ouedraogo, Seni Kouanda, Benjamin Liestman, Stefan Baral
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to examine the prevalence and correlates of perceived health care stigma among female sex workers (FSWs) and men who have sex with men (MSM), including other stigma types, suicidal ideation, and participation in social activities. METHODS: FSWs (N = 350) and MSM (N = 330) aged ≥18 were recruited in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso. Perceived health care stigma was defined as either ever being afraid of or avoiding health care services because someone might find out the participant has sex with men (for MSM) or sells sex (for FSW)...
January 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422023/trained-lay-health-workers-reduce-common-mental-disorder-symptoms-of-adults-with-suicidal-ideation-in-zimbabwe-a-cohort-study
#9
Epiphany Munetsi, Victoria Simms, Lloyd Dzapasi, Georgina Chapoterera, Nyaradzo Goba, Tichaona Gumunyu, Helen A Weiss, Ruth Verhey, Melanie Abas, Ricardo Araya, Dixon Chibanda
BACKGROUND: Suicidal ideation may lead to deliberate self-harm which increases the risk of death by suicide. Globally, the main cause of deliberate self-harm is depression. The aim of this study was to explore prevalence of, and risk factors for, suicidal ideation among men and women with common mental disorder (CMD) symptoms attending public clinics in Zimbabwe, and to determine whether problem solving therapy delivered by lay health workers can reduce common mental disorder symptoms among people with suicidal ideation, using secondary analysis of a randomised controlled trial...
February 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417834/helping-adolescents-to-better-support-their-peers-with-a-mental-health-problem-a-cluster-randomised-crossover-trial-of-teen-mental-health-first-aid
#10
Laura M Hart, Amy J Morgan, Alyssia Rossetto, Claire M Kelly, Andrew Mackinnon, Anthony F Jorm
BACKGROUND: teen Mental Health First Aid (tMHFA) is a classroom-based training programme for students aged 15-18 years to improve supportive behaviours towards peers, increase mental health literacy and reduce stigma. This research evaluated tMHFA by comparing it to a matched emergency Physical First Aid (PFA) training programme. METHODS: A cluster-randomised crossover trial matched four public schools in two pairs and then randomised each to first receive tMHFA or PFA for all Year 10 students...
February 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413518/unique-effects-of-clozapine-a-pharmacological-perspective
#11
Jibran Y Khokhar, Angela M Henricks, Emily D K Sullivan, Alan I Green
Schizophrenia is a heterogenous and severe neuropsychiatric disorder that affects nearly 1% of the population worldwide. Antipsychotic drugs are the mainstay of treatment, but not all patients with schizophrenia respond to treatment with these agents. Clozapine, the first atypical antipsychotic, is a highly effective medication for patients with schizophrenia who do not respond to other antipsychotics. Although clozapine tends not to produce extrapyramidal symptoms, other side effects of the drug (e.g., agranulocytosis, myocarditis, seizures) limit its widespread use...
2018: Advances in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408160/ten-year-prediction-of-suicide-death-using-cox-regression-and-machine-learning-in-a-nationwide-retrospective-cohort-study-in-south-korea
#12
Soo Beom Choi, Wanhyung Lee, Jin-Ha Yoon, Jong-Uk Won, Deok Won Kim
BACKGROUND: Death by suicide is a preventable public health concern worldwide. The aim of this study is to investigate the probability of suicide death using baseline characteristics and simple medical facility visit history data using Cox regression, support vector machines (SVMs), and deep neural networks (DNNs). METHOD: This study included 819,951 subjects in the National Health Insurance Service (NHIS)-Cohort Sample Database from 2004 to 2013. The dataset was divided randomly into two independent training and validation groups...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399842/suicide-risk-and-resiliency-factors-among-hispanic-teens-in-new-mexico-schools-can-make-a-difference
#13
Meryn Hall, Lynne Fullerton, Courtney FitzGerald, Dan Green
BACKGROUND: Youth suicide is a serious public health problem in the United States. School environments, and the attention of school adults, are promising but minimally studied avenues for promoting mental health among students. METHODS: The 2013 New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey data were analyzed to identify ways in which the school environment influences suicide attempts in a sample of Hispanic students. Factors examined were: relationships with school adults, speaking a language other than English at home, being born outside the United States and not having enough to eat...
March 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398636/temporal-changes-in-the-incidence-of-treated-psychiatric-and-neurodevelopmental-disorders-during-adolescence-an-analysis-of-two-national-finnish-birth-cohorts
#14
David Gyllenberg, Mikko Marttila, Reijo Sund, Elina Jokiranta-Olkoniemi, André Sourander, Mika Gissler, Tiina Ristikari
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive overviews of the temporal changes in treated psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders during adolescence are scarce. We reviewed data from two national cohorts, 10 years apart, to establish the change in use of specialised services for psychiatric and neurodevelopmental diagnoses in Finland. METHODS: We compared the nationwide register-based incidence of psychiatric and neurodevelopmental diagnoses between the 12th birthday and 18th birthday of adolescents born in Finland in 1987 and 1997...
February 1, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397445/population-attributable-risk-of-factors-associated-with-the-repetition-of-self-harm-behaviour-in-young-people-presenting-to-clinical-services-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Katrina Witt, Allison Milner, Matthew J Spittal, Sarah Hetrick, Jo Robinson, Jane Pirkis, Gregory Carter
The repetition of hospital-treated self-harm by young people is common. However, little work has summarised the modifiable factors associated with this. A thorough understanding of those factors most strongly associated with repetition could guide the development of relevant clinical interventions. We systematically reviewed four databases (EMBASE, Medline, PubMed and PsycINFO) until 15 April 2016 to identify all observational studies of factors for the repetition of self-harm or suicide reattempts (together referred to as 'self-harm behaviour') in young people...
February 3, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393834/suicide-postvention-for-the-united-states-military-literature-review-conceptual-model-and-recommendations
#16
Kyna Pak, Kelly E Ferreira, Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway
Suicide continues to be a significant public health problem in the United States and the Department of Defense (DoD). Timely and systematic postvention efforts can play an instrumental role in helping family members, peers, and military command to best manage the aftermath of a suicide. To date, several postvention efforts have been implemented in the military. However, there continues to be an overall lack of understanding of the specific short- and long-term effects of exposure to military suicide. In addition, more emphasis needs to be placed on empirically driven approaches to postvention and program evaluation...
February 2, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393007/systematic-review-of-the-prevalence-of-psychiatric-illness-and-sleep-disturbance-as-co-morbidities-of-hiv-infection-in-the-uk
#17
Mas Chaponda, Natalie Aldhouse, Michel Kroes, Laurence Wild, Christopher Robinson, Alan Smith
Psychiatric illness and sleeping disorders are important co-morbidities of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, which impact both the individual and antiretroviral therapy (ART) selection. This systematic review aimed to assess the prevalence of psychiatric illness and sleep disturbance in people living with HIV (PLHIV) in the UK. Systematic searches for publications reporting epidemiological data for psychiatric co-morbidities and sleep disturbance with HIV were conducted in Embase, MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, eight key conferences (2013-2015), and by hand-searching references of included publications...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389917/surveillance-for-violent-deaths-national-violent-death-reporting-system-18-states-2014
#18
Katherine A Fowler, Shane P D Jack, Bridget H Lyons, Carter J Betz, Emiko Petrosky
PROBLEM/CONDITION: In 2014, approximately 59,000 persons died in the United States as a result of violence-related injuries. This report summarizes data from CDC's National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) regarding violent deaths from 18 U.S. states for 2014. Results are reported by sex, age group, race/ethnicity, marital status, location of injury, method of injury, circumstances of injury, and other selected characteristics. REPORTING PERIOD COVERED: 2014...
February 2, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384469/perceived-need-for-care-and-mental-health-service-utilization-among-college-students-with-suicidal-ideation
#19
Boyoung Nam, Holly C Wilcox, Matthew Hilimire, Jordan E DeVylder
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify correlates of service utilization and perceived need for care among college students with suicidal ideation. PARTICIPANTS: Respondents were recruited from introductory psychology courses at an undergraduate college during the Fall 2014 semester. METHODS: Independent correlates of (1) mental health service utilization, (2) self-perceived need, and (3) other-perceived need for mental health services among college students (N = 190) with suicidal ideation were identified...
January 31, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383880/an-analysis-of-stigma-and-suicide-literacy-in-responses-to-suicides-broadcast-on-social-media
#20
Ang Li, Xiaoxiao Huang, Dongdong Jiao, Bridianne O'Dea, Tingshao Zhu, Helen Christensen
INTRODUCTION: Broadcasting a suicide attempt on social media has become a public concern in China. Stigmatizing attitudes around such broadcast can limit help-seeking and increase the likelihood of death. To reduce stigmatizing attitudes, this paper aims to detect stigma expressions in social media posts through language use patterns and then identify suicide literacy in responses to such broadcast. METHODS: Firstly, to examine linguistic patterns of stigma expressions, 6632 Weibo posts with keywords were collected and analyzed...
January 31, 2018: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
keyword
keyword
106629
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"