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Suicide AND prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351886/self-harm-among-the-homeless-population-in-ireland-a-national-registry-based-study-of-incidence-and-associated-factors
#1
Peter Barrett, Eve Griffin, Paul Corcoran, Mary T O'Mahony, Ella Arensman
BACKGROUND: Self-harm is a strong predictor of future suicide, but little is known about self-harm among the homeless population. The study aim was to estimate the incidence of self-harm among the homeless population and to assess factors associated with self-harm. METHODS: Data on self-harm presentations to 34 hospital emergency departments in Ireland were collected by the National Self-Harm Registry Ireland (NSHRI). Index presentations between 2010 and 2014 were included for the homeless and fixed residence populations...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349806/blue-monday-is-real-for-suicide-a-case-control-study-of-188-601-suicides
#2
Eunkyong Kim, Seo-Eun Cho, Kyoung-Sae Na, Han-Yong Jung, Kang-Joon Lee, Seong-Jin Cho, Dae-Guen Han
Many studies have reported that suicides tend to occur on Mondays. However, owing to a lack of controls, conclusive findings on the potential effects of a day of the week on suicides have been lacking. We analyzed public data for causes of death from 1997 to 2015 in the Republic of Korea. Accidental death was used as a control group. The probability of suicide on each day of the week according to age group was calculated. A total of 377,204 deaths (188,601 suicides and 188,603 accidental deaths) were used. The frequency of suicide was highest on Monday and decreased throughout the week until Saturday...
January 19, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346848/factors-influencing-suicidal-tendencies-of-patients-with-diagnosis-of-attempted-suicide-in-medical-history-and-potential-prevention-of-relapse-prevention
#3
Kvetoslava Kotrbová, Ivan Dóci, Lidmila Hamplová, Vít Dvořák, Šárka Selingerová, Veronika Růžičková, Šárka Chmelařová
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345907/effects-of-plant-sterols-and-or-%C3%AE-cryptoxanthin-at-physiological-serum-concentrations-on-suicidal-erythrocyte-death
#4
Andrea Alvarez-Sala, Gabriel López-García, Alessandro Attanzio, Luisa Tesoriere, Antonio Cilla, Reyes Barbera, Amparo Alegria
The eryptotic and hemolytic effects of a phytosterol (PS) mixture (β-sitosterol, campesterol, stigmasterol) and/or β-cryptoxanthin (β-Cx) at physiological serum concentration and their effect against oxidative stress induced by tert-butylhydroperoxide (tBOOH) (75 and 300 µM) were evaluated. β-Cryptoxanthin produced an increase in eryptotic cells, cell volume, hemolysis and glutathione depletion (GSH), without ROS overproduction and intracellular Ca2+ influx. Co-incubation of both bioactive compounds protected against β-Cx-induced eryptosis...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345356/ethical-and-practical-considerations-in-the-use-of-a-predictive-model-to-trigger-suicide-prevention-interventions-in-healthcare-settings
#5
Raymond P Tucker, Meredith J Tackett, David Glickman, Mark A Reger
Predictive models that utilize data from electronic healthcare records (EHR) have been developed, investigated, and appear to provide an important resource for suicide prevention in medical settings. Actuarial approaches to predicting suicide may be particularly important given the relative inability of clinicians to accurately predict suicide. Although research regarding predictive models that utilize EHR is certainly promising, ethical considerations for the use of these models to trigger suicide prevention interventions warrant careful consideration...
January 18, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345154/trends-and-repetition-of-non-fatal-suicidal-behaviour-analyses-of-the-gold-coast-university-hospital-s-emergency-department
#6
Kairi Kõlves, David Crompton, Kathryn Turner, Nicolas J C Stapelberg, Ashar Khan, Gail Robinson, Diego de Leo
Objective The aim of the current paper is to analyse time trends of non-fatal suicidal behaviour (NFSB) and its repetition at the Gold Coast in 2005-2015. Methods Data on presentations for NFSB were obtained from the Emergency Department (ED) Information System. Potential cases were identified through keyword searches, which were further scrutinised and coded. Annual person-based age-standardised rates for NFSB were calculated. Chi-square test, Poisson regression and Cox proportional hazards regression were used...
January 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344536/a-cry-for-help-and-protest-self-immolation-in-young-kurdish-iraqi-women-a-qualitative-study
#7
Pakestan Mohammad Amin, Jila Mirlashari, Alireza Nikbakht Nasrabadi
Background: Suicide is a major psychiatric emergency that has always been a topic of great interest to researchers. Self-immolation is a heinous suicide method that is common in Eastern societies. The present study was conducted to explore probable issues which might lead to self-immolation in young Kurdish Iraqi women. Methods: The present qualitative study was conducted in Soran, Erbil Governorate in Iraq, and the surrounding villages of Soran District (March 2015 to May 2016)...
January 2018: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343240/attempted-suicide-of-ethnic-minority-girls-with-a-caribbean-and-cape-verdean-background-rates-and-risk-factors
#8
Diana D van Bergen, Merijn Eikelenboom, Petra P van de Looij-Jansen
BACKGROUND: WHO data shows that female immigrants in Europe attempt suicide at higher rates than 'native' women and 'native' and immigrant men. Empirical studies addressing attempted suicide of female immigrants of Caribbean (Antillean-Dutch and Creole-Surinamese-Dutch) as well as Cape Verdean descent in Europe are however scarce. We aim to increase knowledge about rates and risk factors of girls of Caribbean and Cape Verdean descent living in the Netherlands. METHODS: We conducted logistic regression on a dataset that consisted of self-reported health and well-being surveys filled out by 5611 female students, age 14-16, in Rotterdam, the Netherlands (Antillean Dutch N = 357, Creole-Surinamese-Dutch N = 130, and Cape Verdean-Dutch N = 402, and Dutch 'natives' N = 4691)...
January 17, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341121/violence-guns-and-suicide-in-new-orleans-results-from-a-qualitative-study-of-recent-suicide-decedents
#9
Rajeev Ramchand, Enchanté Franklin, Elizabeth Thornton, Sarah M Deland, Jeffrey C Rouse
Many Americans own guns to protect themselves against other people, but there is evidence that both victimization and gun access increase suicide risk. We conducted qualitative interviews with informants of 17 suicide cases in New Orleans of the 60 who died between January 2015 and April 2016 to understand the relationship between past trauma, gun access and storage, and suicide. Nine cases had experienced a past trauma, including three who had recently had a family member killed by homicide. Eight died via firearm; of those, seven owned the guns they used to take their lives and stored them locked (but loaded) at home or in their cars...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339007/suicides-homicides-accidents-and-undetermined-deaths-in-the-u-s-military-comparisons-to-the-u-s-population-and-by-military-separation-status
#10
Mark A Reger, Derek J Smolenski, Nancy A Skopp, Melinda J Metzger-Abamukang, Han K Kang, Tim A Bullman, Gregory A Gahm
PURPOSE: To compare rates of external causes of mortality among individuals who served in the military (before and after separation from the military) to the U.S. POPULATION: HASH(0x3b8e7b0) METHODS: This retrospective cohort study examined all 3.9 million service members who served from 2002 to 2007. External cause mortality data from 2002 to 2009 were used to calculate standardized mortality ratios. Negative binomial regression compared differences in the mortality rates for pre- and post-separation...
December 22, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338723/preventing-suicidal-behaviours-with-a-multilevel-intervention-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Sunny Collings, Gabrielle Jenkin, James Stanley, Sarah McKenzie, Simon Hatcher
BACKGROUND: In the context of the recent surge in community based multilevel interventions for suicide prevention, all of which show promising results, we discuss the implications of the findings of such an intervention designed for and implemented in New Zealand. The multi-level intervention for suicide prevention in New Zealand (MISP-NZ) was a cluster randomised controlled community intervention trial involving eight hospital regions matched into four pairs and randomised to either the intervention or practice as usual (the control)...
January 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337928/protective-factors-in-the-inuit-population-of-nunavut-a-comparative-study-of-people-who-died-by-suicide-people-who-attempted-suicide-and-people-who-never-attempted-suicide
#12
Véronique Beaudoin, Monique Séguin, Nadia Chawky, William Affleck, Eduardo Chachamovich, Gustavo Turecki
Epidemiological data shows an alarming prevalence of suicide in Aboriginal populations around the world. In Canada, the highest rates are found in Inuit communities. In this article, we present the findings of a secondary analysis conducted with data previously collected as part of a larger study of psychological autopsies conducted in Nunavut, Canada. The objective of this secondary analysis was to identify protective factors in the Inuit population of Nunavut by comparing people who died by suicide, people from the general population who attempted suicide, and people from the general population who never attempted suicide...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337440/-addictions
#13
Jacques Besson, Jeremy Grivel, Alexander Tomei, Mélina Andronicos, Daniele Zullino, Gabriel Thorens, Stergios Tsartsalis, Isabelle Gothuey, Monique Séguin
This year, the actuality for addictions in this edition addresses four points. The disease model of addiction is criticized by the cognitive neurosciences which need to consider the agentivity of the persons. Regarding the societal actuality, clinical pharmacology review of cannabidiol presents an update on legal cannabis. The suicidality of excessive gamblers may be prevented specifically. Addiction and first psychotic episodes need an integrated care.
January 10, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336332/-fatigue-syndrome-stress-burnout-and-depression-in-urology
#14
Moisés Rodríguez-Socarrás, Juan Luis Vasquez, Pieter Uvin, Pernille Skjold-Kingo, Juan Gómez Rivas
OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors related to stress, Burnout and depression in urology, as well as consequences in residents and urologists, in addition to the possible applicable strategies to diminish and treat them. ACQUISITION OF THE EVIDENCE: Depression, stress and Burnout syndrome has become a problem in urology specialty. These topics have gained interest in international congresses and urological associations. Efforts are being made to find related factors as well as possible strategies and applicable support programs...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334227/using-a-television-documentary-to-prevent-suicide-in-men-and-boys
#15
Marisa Schlichthorst, Kylie King, Matthew Spittal, Lennart Reifels, Andrea Phelps, Jane Pirkis
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether a documentary about masculinity and suicidality ( Man Up) could raise males' awareness of societal pressures to conform to masculine norms and influence their likelihood of connecting with their male friends and seeking help. METHODS: We conducted a repeat cross-sectional survey, posting versions of the survey online before and after Man Up was screened. RESULTS: 1287 male respondents completed the survey; 476 completed the pre-screening survey, 811 the post-screening survey (192 had not viewed Man Up, 619 had)...
January 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334197/increased-non-aids-mortality-among-persons-with-aids-defining-events-after-antiretroviral-therapy-initiation
#16
April C Pettit, Mark J Giganti, Suzanne M Ingle, Margaret T May, Bryan E Shepherd, Michael J Gill, Gerd Fätkenheuer, Sophie Abgrall, Michael S Saag, Julia Del Amo, Amy C Justice, Jose M Miro, Matthias Cavasinni, François Dabis, Antonella D Monforte, Peter Reiss, Jodie Guest, David Moore, Leah Shepherd, Niels Obel, Heidi M Crane, Colette Smith, Ramon Teira, Robert Zangerle, Jonathan Ac Sterne, Timothy R Sterling
INTRODUCTION: HIV-1 infection leads to chronic inflammation and to an increased risk of non-AIDS mortality. Our objective was to determine whether AIDS-defining events (ADEs) were associated with increased overall and cause-specific non-AIDS related mortality after antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation. METHODS: We included HIV treatment-naïve adults from the Antiretroviral Therapy Cohort Collaboration (ART-CC) who initiated ART from 1996 to 2014. Causes of death were assigned using the Coding Causes of Death in HIV (CoDe) protocol...
January 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331710/maternal-depression-and-suicide-at-immediate-prenatal-and-early-postpartum-periods-and-psychosocial-risk-factors
#17
Peixia Shi, Hui Ren, Hong Li, Qin Dai
Maternal depression has been intensively explored; however, less attention has been paid to maternal suicide. No studies to date have observed maternal depression and suicide at immediate prenatal and early postpartum stages. In total, 213 Chinese women were recruited in hospitals after they were admitted for childbirth. All completed a short-term longitudinal survey at perinatal stages. Women reported lower depression scores (6.65) and higher suicidal ideation incidence (11.74%) after childbirth. Prenatal depression raised the possibility of prenatal suicidal ideation, while prenatal depression and suicidal ideation increased postpartum depression and suicidal ideation...
January 3, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331698/exploring-metabolic-factors-and-health-behaviors-in-relation-to-suicide-attempts-a-case-control-study
#18
Stefan Perera, Rebecca B Eisen, Meha Bhatt, Brittany B Dennis, Monica Bawor, Wala El-Sheikh, Jane DeJesus, Sumathy Rangarajan, Heather Sholer, Elisabeth Iordan, Pam Mackie, Shofiqul Islam, Mahshid Dehghan, Jennifer Brasch, David Meyre, Russell de Souza, Lehana Thabane, Zainab Samaan
BACKGROUND: Suicide attempts are a serious public health concern with devastating global impact, thereby necessitating the development of an adequate prevention strategy. Few known risk factors of suicide attempts are directly modifiable. This study sought to investigate potential associations between health behaviors and suicide attempts, identifying novel opportunities for clinicians to help prevent suicidal behavior. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted to compare body weight, serum total cholesterol, physical activity, tobacco use, and dietary food groups among adults who had made a suicide attempt (n = 84) to psychiatric inpatients (n = 104) and community controls (n = 93) without history of suicide attempt...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329957/safety-and-tolerability-of-a-novel-polyclonal-human-anti-mers-coronavirus-antibody-produced-from-transchromosomic-cattle-a-phase-1-randomised-double-blind-single-dose-escalation-study
#19
John H Beigel, Jocelyn Voell, Parag Kumar, Kanakatte Raviprakash, Hua Wu, Jin-An Jiao, Eddie Sullivan, Thomas Luke, Richard T Davey
BACKGROUND: Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is a severe respiratory illness with an overall mortality of 35%. There is no licensed or proven treatment. Passive immunotherapy approaches are being developed to prevent and treat several human medical conditions where alternative therapeutic options are absent. We report the safety of a fully human polyclonal IgG antibody (SAB-301) produced from the hyperimmune plasma of transchromosomic cattle immunised with a MERS coronavirus vaccine...
January 9, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327446/current-and-military-specific-gender-minority-stress-factors-and-their-relationship-with-suicide-ideation-in-transgender-veterans
#20
Raymond P Tucker, Rylan J Testa, Mark A Reger, Tracy L Simpson, Jillian C Shipherd, Keren Lehavot
Research suggests the prevalence of suicide ideation and suicide attempts in the transgender veteran community may be upwards of 20 times higher than nontransgender veterans, who are known to be at increased risk than the general US population. This study aimed to understand the potential influence of external and internal minority stress experienced during and after military service on past-year and recent suicide ideation in a sample of 201 transgender veterans. Nonparametric bootstrapping analyses indicated past-year transgender-specific discrimination and rejection (external minority stress) indirectly predicted frequency of both past-year and past 2-week suicide ideation through past-year shame related to gender identity (internal minority stress)...
January 12, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
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