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Suicide AND prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231627/factors-predicting-recovery-from-suicide-in-attempted-suicide-patients
#1
Fan-Ko Sun, Chu-Yun Lu, Yun Shan Tseng, Chun-Ying Chiang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the factors predicting suicide recovery and to provide guidance for healthcare professionals when caring for individuals who have attempted suicide. BACKGROUND: The high rate of suicide is a global health problem. Suicide prevention has become an important issue in contemporary mental health. Most suicide research has focused on suicidal prevention and care. There is a lack of research on the factors predicting suicidal recovery DESIGN: A cross-sectional design was adopted...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230653/suicides-by-jumping-off-istanbul-bridges-linking-asia-and-europe
#2
Ayşe Yurtseven, İbrahim Üzün, Murat Nihat Arslan
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the injury spectrum and characteristics of people who committed suicide by jumping into water from the July 15th Martyrs Bridge and Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridges in Istanbul, Turkey. METHODS: This study included all of the jumpers from the July 15th Martyrs Bridge and Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge who were autopsied by the Council of Forensic Medicine, Istanbul Morgue Department, between 2000 and 2013. All of the data were collected from archived case files...
February 23, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229240/microglia-in-the-dorsal-raphe-nucleus-plays-a-potential-role-in-both-suicide-facilitation-and-prevention-in-affective-disorders
#3
Ralf Brisch, Johann Steiner, Christian Mawrin, Marta Krzyżanowska, Zbigniew Jankowski, Tomasz Gos
An involvement of the central serotonergic system has constantly been reported in the pathogenesis of suicide. The dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) is the main source of serotonergic innervation of forebrain limbic structures disturbed in suicidal behaviour, in which an abnormal microglia reaction seems to play a role. In our present study, the density of microglia immunostained for the HLA-DR antigen was evaluated in the DRN. These analyses were carried out on paraffin-embedded brains from 24 suicidal and 21 non-suicidal patients; among them, 27 depressed (15 major depressive disorder and 12 bipolar disorder) and 18 schizophrenia (9 residual and 9 paranoid) patients and 22 matched controls without mental disorders...
February 22, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228062/best-practices-for-suicide-prevention-messaging-and-evaluating-california-s-know-the-signs-media-campaign
#4
Joie Acosta, Rajeev Ramchand, Amariah Becker
BACKGROUND: Although communication is a key component of US strategies to prevent suicide and there are a number of marketing campaigns promoting messages that suicide is a preventable public health problem, there has been little evaluation of these campaigns. AIMS: The study describes the development of a checklist of best practices for suicide prevention communication campaigns and the use of the checklist to evaluate California's investment in "Know the Signs" (KTS-M), a suicide prevention mass media campaign...
February 23, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226013/suicide-attempts-by-exposure-to-toxic-agents-registered-in-a-toxicological-information-and-assistance-center-in-fortaleza-cear%C3%A3-brazil-2013
#5
Ana Paula Soares Gondim, Rachel Rabay Nogueira, João Gabriel Barbosa Lima, Rayra Aguiar Campos Lima, Polianna Lemos Moura Moreira Albuquerque, Maria do Socorro Batista Veras, Maria Augusta Drago Ferreira
Objective: to describe cases of suicide attempts by exposure to toxic agents registered by the Toxicological Information and Assistance Center in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil. Methods: this is a descriptive study using secondary data of the cases registered in 2013. Results: 410 cases were registered; 56.2% of the individuals were female and 79.7% were between 12 and 39 years old; most of them (86.4%) lived in urban areas and 67.2%, in Fortaleza; in 94...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218923/preventing-suicides-in-emergency-departments-and-inpatient-psychiatric-units-standards-of-care
#6
EDITORIAL
Mona Shattell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216164/conversion-of-glioma-cells-to-glioma-stem-like-cells-by-angiocrine-factors
#7
Jun-Kyum Kim, Hye-Min Jeon, Hee-Young Jeon, Se-Yeong Oh, Eun-Jung Kim, Xiong Jin, Se-Hoon Kim, Sung-Hak Kim, Xun Jin, Hyunggee Kim
Glioma stem-like cells (GSCs) contribute to tumor initiation, progression, and therapeutic resistance, but their cellular origin remains largely unknown. Here, using a stem/progenitor cell-fate tracking reporter system in which eGFP is expressed by promoter of OCT4 that is activated in stem/progenitor cells, we demonstrate that eGFP-negative glioma cells (GCs) became eGFP-positive-GCs in both in vitro cultures and in vivo xenografts. These eGFP-positive-GCs exhibited GSC features and primarily localized to the perivascular region in tumor xenografts, similar to the existence of OCT4-expressing GCs in the perivascular region of human glioblastoma specimens...
February 16, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213305/risk-of-suicide-according-to-the-level-of-psychiatric-contact-in-the-older-people-analysis-of-national-health-insurance-databases-in-taiwan
#8
Shin-Ting Yeh, Yee-Yung Ng, Shiao-Chi Wu
PURPOSE: Suicide in the older people is a serious problem worldwide; however the effect of psychiatric contact on the risk of suicide has not been fully explored. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between psychiatric contact and suicide in the older people in Taiwan. METHODS: A population-based database was used in this national case-control study. Propensity score matching was used to match older people who did and did not commit suicide from 2010 to 2012 by calendar year, gender, age, and area of residence...
February 1, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213187/suicide-attempters-with-high-and-low-suicide-intent-different-populations-in-rural-china
#9
Bao-Peng Liu, Xin-Ting Wang, Cun-Xian Jia
This paired case-control study aimed to compare characteristics between suicide attempters with high and low suicide intent in rural China. We evaluated 409 suicide attempters and their paired controls who were matched with the same gender, age (a difference of no more than 3 years), and similar residence. Compared to paired control, suicide attempt with high and low suicide intent shared the 3 common risk factors of negative life event, high depression score, and low social support score. In addition, mental disorder was an independent risk factor of suicide attempt with high intent...
February 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212579/suicidal-ideation-among-chinese-cancer-inpatients-of-general-hospitals-prevalence-and-correlates
#10
Bao-Liang Zhong, Si-Heng Li, Shu-Yan Lv, Shun-Li Tian, Zhi-Dong Liu, Xu-Bin Li, Hong-Qing Zhuang, Ran Tao, Wei Zhang, Chuan-Jun Zhuo
Cancer patients are at high risk for suicide, particularly when they are informed about the cancer diagnosis or hospitalized for cancer treatment. Therefore, oncology healthcare settings such as large general hospitals in China, may represent an ideal setting to identify and treat suicidality in cancer patients. However, the clinical epidemiology of suicidality of Chinese cancer patients remains largely unknown. This study examined the prevalence and correlates of suicidal ideation among Chinese cancer inpatients of large general hospitals...
February 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212474/-zinc-phosphide-poisoning-in-pediatric-patients-from-a-toxicology-center-at-mexico-city
#11
María Carmen Socorro Sánchez-Villegas, Alejandro Bárcena-Ruiz
BACKGROUND: Zinc phosphide is a chemical compound that is frequently used as a rodenticide; it is a highly toxic product that is widely used, among other spaces, at home. Given that it is a highly commercialized pesticide and that there is no antidote, it is mandatory to establish favorably the clinical manifestations of the intoxication. The aim was to describe the epidemiological and clinical profile of children intoxicated with zinc phosphide attended in a toxicological center of a tertiary referral hospital...
2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211549/review-of-health-and-risk-behaviours-mental-health-problems-and-suicidal-behaviours-in-young-europeans-on-the-basis-of-the-results-from-the-eu-funded-saving-and-empowering-young-lives-in-europe-seyle-study
#12
REVIEW
Danuta Wasserman
An estimated 800 000 suicide deaths occur worldwide. The global suicide rate is 11.4 per 100 000 population; 15.0/100 000 for males and 8.0/100 000 for females. Globally, suicide is the second leading cause of death in 15-29 year olds. In a collaborative effort to reduce the high rates of suicide and mental health problems among youth across Europe, the European Union 7th Framework funded the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) project. SEYLE is a randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed to promote mental health and healthy lifestyles, while preventing psychopathology and suicidal behaviours among adolescents...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210521/the-right-to-die-in-chronic-disorders-of-consciousness-can-we-avoid-the-slippery-slope-argument
#13
REVIEW
Rocco Salvatore Calabrò, Antonino Naro, Rosaria De Luca, Margherita Russo, Lory Caccamo, Alfredo Manuli, Alessia Bramanti, Placido Bramanti
Managing individuals with chronic disorders of consciousness raises ethical questions about the appropriateness of maintaining life-sustaining treatments and end-of-life decisions for those who are unable to make decisions for themselves. For many years, the positions fostering the "sanctity" of human life (i.e., life is inviolable in any case) have led to maintaining life-sustaining treatments (including artificial nutrition and hydration) in patients with disorders of consciousness, allowing them to live for as long as possible...
November 2016: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207333/handgun-legislation-and-changes-in-statewide-overall-suicide-rates
#14
Michael D Anestis, Joye C Anestis, Sarah E Butterworth
OBJECTIVES: To examine the extent to which 4 laws regulating handgun ownership were associated with statewide suicide rate changes. METHODS: To test between-group differences in statewide suicide rate changes between 2013 and 2014 in all 50 states and the District of Columbia with and without specific laws, we ran analyses of covariance. RESULTS: We found significant differences in suicide rate changes from 2013 to 2014 in states with mandatory waiting periods and universal background checks relative to states without such laws...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206783/initial-validation-of-the-self-directed-violence-picture-system-sdvps
#15
Sarra Nazem, Jeri E Forster, Lisa A Brenner
A better understanding of factors that differentiate those who only experience suicidal ideation from those who engage in self-directed violence (SDV) is critical for suicide prevention efforts (Klonsky & May, 2014; May & Klonsky, 2016). To identify who is at greatest risk for death by suicide, it is imperative that new innovative assessment tools be created to facilitate behavioral measurement of key constructs associated with increased risk for SDV. The aim of the current study was to develop and validate a set of suicide-specific images, called the Self-Directed Violence Picture System (SDVPS), to help meet this need...
February 16, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202089/suicidal-ideation-and-behaviour-among-community-and-health-care-seeking-populations-in-five-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
M Jordans, S Rathod, A Fekadu, G Medhin, F Kigozi, B Kohrt, N Luitel, I Petersen, R Shidhaye, J Ssebunnya, V Patel, C Lund
: Aims Suicidal behaviour is an under-reported and hidden cause of death in most low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) due to lack of national systematic reporting for cause-specific mortality, high levels of stigma and religious or cultural sanctions. The lack of information on non-fatal suicidal behaviour (ideation, plans and attempts) in LMIC is a major barrier to design and implementation of prevention strategies. This study aims to determine the prevalence of non-fatal suicidal behaviour within community- and health facility-based populations in LMIC...
February 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201930/electroencephalographic-correlates-of-suicidal-ideation-in-the-theta-band
#17
Sang Min Lee, Kuk-In Jang, Jeong-Ho Chae
Previous studies have indicated that the abnormalities of brain activity are associated with suicidal behavior. However, few studies have explored neurophysiologic biomarkers of suicidal ideation (SI) in healthy subjects. Here, we studied alterations of theta quantitative EEG (QEEG) in frontal regions associated with SI in young healthy subjects. Resting QEEG data were recorded from 90 young healthy subjects. The subjects were divided into two group based on Scale for Suicidal Ideation (SSI) scores: a high SSI group (n = 33) and a low SSI group (n = 57)...
February 1, 2017: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience: Official Journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199915/rumination-s-effect-on-suicide-ideation-through-grit-and-gratitude-a-path-analysis-study
#18
Evan J White, Morganne A Kraines, Raymond P Tucker, LaRicka R Wingate, Tony T Wells, DeMond M Grant
The current study documents the relationship between suicide ideation, grit and gratitude, and rumination subtypes of brooding and reflection. The relationship between rumination and suicide ideation has been well documented and previous research has demonstrated that grit and gratitude are protective factors against suicide. We hypothesized that both subtypes of rumination would have an indirect effect on suicide ideation through levels of grit and gratitude. Results of a conditional indirect effects path analysis indicated that brooding was indirectly related to suicide ideation through gratitude...
January 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198390/hiv-cause-specific-deaths-mortality-risk-factors-and-the-combined-influence-of-haart-and-late-diagnosis-in-zhejiang-china-2006-2013
#19
Lin Chen, Xiaohong Pan, Qiaoqin Ma, Jiezhe Yang, Yun Xu, Jinlei Zheng, Hui Wang, Xin Zhou, Tingting Jiang, Jun Jiang, Lin He, Jianmin Jiang
To examine patterns of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) cause-specific deaths, risk factors, and the effect of interactions on mortality, we conducted a retrospective cohort study in Zhejiang, China, from 2006 to 2013. All data were downloaded from the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) Prevention and Control Information System. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to assess predictors of cause-specific death. The relative excess risk due to interaction and ratio of hazard ratios (RHR) were calculated for correlations between HAART, late diagnosis, and age...
February 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197004/a-10-year-retrospective-study-of-suicide-in-sikkim-india-sociodemographic-profile-and-risk-assessment
#20
Reshma Chettri, Jiwan Gurung, Bisu Singh
OBJECTIVE: The present study had been undertaken to investigate the sociodemographic profile of individuals who had committed suicide in Sikkim which may throw light on the vulnerable groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten-year suicide data (2006-2015) obtained from Police Headquarters, Crime Branch, Gangtok, have been statistically evaluated to study the sociodemographic profile. RESULTS: The results showed that out of 1604 suicide cases recorded for the past 10 years, 1051 were males (65...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
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