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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783869/is-hinduism-ambivalent-about-suicide
#1
Lakshmi Vijayakumar, Sujit John
BACKGROUND: Hinduism is one of the oldest religions in the world and has over 1.1 billion adherents comprising about 16% of the global population living mainly in India and Nepal. The stand of Hinduism on suicide has been ambiguous through the ages, on one hand, condemning general suicides, while condoning religious suicides on the other. This ambiguity is reflected in contemporary India and among the Indian diaspora. AIMS: To examine the stand of Hinduism as a religion in the context of suicide...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783849/sex-differences-in-the-association-between-cyberbullying-victimization-and-mental-health-substance-use-and-suicidal-ideation-in-adolescents
#2
Soyeon Kim, Melissa Kimber, Michael H Boyle, Katholiki Georgiades
OBJECTIVE: To examine sex differences in the association between cyberbullying victimization and mental health (psychological distress and delinquency), substance use-related outcomes (drug and tobacco use, binge drinking), and suicide ideation among adolescents. METHOD: Data were obtained from the Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey (OSDUHS; 2013, N=10,272, grade 7 to 12). The sample for analysis included 4,940 students with a mean age of 15.1 years (43...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781653/daily-assessment-of-interpersonal-factors-to-predict-suicidal-ideation-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-in-psychiatric-inpatients
#3
Michael J Kyron, Geoff R Hooke, Andrew C Page
OBJECTIVE: The study assessed suicidal ideation and interpersonal variables to explore the extent to which (a) changes in interpersonal factors predicted future suicidal ideation and (b) changes in either predicted nonsuicidal self-injury. METHOD: In total, 1,044 patients (72.3% Female; mean age = 41.95) at a psychiatric inpatient facility were assessed daily for suicidal thoughts. If patients indicated suicidal thinking (n = 417), their feelings of perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness were assessed...
June 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781341/bullying-and-attitudes-toward-masculinity-in-croatian-schools-behavioral-and-emotional-characteristics-of-students-who-bully-others
#4
Natko Gereš, Pamela Orpinas, Urelija Rodin, Danijela Štimac-Grbić, Aida Mujkić
Prevention of bullying is paramount to creating a positive and welcoming school environment. This study compared the following characteristics reported by students who had perpetrated bullying in Croatian schools and those who did not: gender, type of school, family wealth, negative emotionality, behaviors that may compromise health, and endorsement of traditional masculinity. Within the framework of the "Croatian Adolescent Masculinity Study," second and third grade students of secondary schools (equivalent to tenth and eleventh grade in the United States) in the city of Zagreb ( N = 4,072) completed a cross-sectional, paper-and-pencil survey...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778930/measurement-properties-of-tools-used-to-assess-suicidality-in-autistic-and-general-population-adults-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
S A Cassidy, L Bradley, E Bowen, S Wigham, J Rodgers
Adults diagnosed with autism are at significantly increased risk of suicidal thoughts, suicidal behaviours and dying by suicide. However, it is unclear whether any validated tools are currently available to effectively assess suicidality in autistic adults in research and clinical practice. This is crucial for understanding and preventing premature death by suicide in this vulnerable group. This two stage systematic review therefore aimed to identify tools used to assess suicidality in autistic and general population adults, evaluate these tools for their appropriateness and measurement properties, and make recommendations for appropriate selection of suicidality assessment tools in research and clinical practice...
May 5, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777938/austrian-firearm-legislation-and-its-effects-on-suicide-and-homicide-mortality-a-natural-quasi-experiment-amidst-the-global-economic-crisis
#6
Daniel König, Patrick Swoboda, Robert J Cramer, Christoph Krall, Vita Postuvan, Nestor D Kapusta
BACKGROUND: Restriction of access to suicide methods has been shown to effectively reduce suicide mortality rates. AIMS: To examine how the global economic crisis of 2008 and the firearm legislation reform of 1997 affected suicide and homicide mortality rate within Austria. METHODS: Official data for the years 1985-2016 for firearm certificates, suicide, homicide, unemployment rates and alcohol consumption were examined using auto regressive error and Poisson regression models...
May 16, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776777/lessons-from-suicide-prevention-campaigns-considerations-for-opioid-messaging
#7
Elizabeth Karras, Sara C Warfield, Cara M Stokes, Robert M Bossarte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776415/suicide-prevention-gatekeeper-training-in-the-netherlands-improves-gatekeepers-knowledge-of-suicide-prevention-and-their-confidence-to-discuss-suicidality-an-observational-study
#8
Sanne Terpstra, Aartjan Beekman, Jens Abbing, Sabine Jaken, Martin Steendam, Renske Gilissen
BACKGROUND: The gatekeeper training is designed to help identify suicidal individuals, respond to suicidal ideation and refer to help. The internationally widely used training shows promising results. This is the first study presenting its effectiveness in the Netherlands and the first study investigating the effect in different employment sectors. METHODS: In an observational study, 113 Suicide Prevention - the Dutch suicide prevention expertise centre and lifeline - trained 526 professionals as gatekeepers...
May 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773997/first-and-subsequent-lifetime-alcoholism-and-mental-disorders-in-suicide-victims-with-reference-to-a-community-sample-the-lundby-study-1947-1997
#9
Cecilia Holmstrand, Mats Bogren, Cecilia Mattisson, Louise Brådvik
Background: Suicide victims have been found to frequently suffer from mental disorders, often more than one, and comorbidity has also been found to be a risk factor for suicide. The aim of the present study was to determine the first disorder and possible subsequent disorders in suicide victims during their lifetimes and to compare their development with the development of mental and alcohol use disorders (AUDs) in a community sample. Methods: The Lundby Study is a prospective longitudinal study of mental health in a general population comprising 3,563 subjects, including 68 suicide victims, followed by four field investigations from 1947 to 1997; mortality was monitored up to 2011...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773489/county-level-trends-in-suicide-rates-in-the-u-s-2005-2015
#10
Lauren M Rossen, Holly Hedegaard, Diba Khan, Margaret Warner
INTRODUCTION: Understanding the geographic patterns of suicide can help inform targeted prevention efforts. Although state-level variation in age-adjusted suicide rates has been well documented, trends at the county-level have been largely unexplored. This study uses small area estimation to produce stable county-level estimates of suicide rates to examine geographic, temporal, and urban-rural patterns in suicide from 2005 to 2015. METHODS: Using National Vital Statistics Underlying Cause of Death Files (2005-2015), hierarchical Bayesian models were used to estimate suicide rates for 3,140 counties...
May 8, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772281/geriatric-oncology-spirituality-and-palliative-care
#11
Lodovico Balducci
Cancer is a major cause of morbidity and mortality for older individuals. Palliative care is essential to improve the outcome of cancer treatment in terms of quality of life and treatment satisfaction. This review examines the influence of spirituality on aging in general and on the management of older cancer patients. A spiritual perspective has been associated with successful aging, and with better tolerance of physical and emotional stress, including the ability to cope with serious diseases and with isolation...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771757/teaching-mental-health-first-aid-in-the-school-setting-a-novel-approach-to-improving-outcomes-for-common-adolescent-mental-disorders
#12
Laura M Hart, Georgina R Cox, Lucy Lees
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Common adolescent mental disorders, such as depression, often go untreated and severely impact health and educational outcomes. The purpose of this review is to describe what is currently known about school-based mental health interventions and to describe a new intervention, Mental Health First Aid training. RECENT FINDINGS: Universal and selective prevention and treatment programmes have been widely evaluated, though population-level dissemination remains elusive...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771611/firearm-ownership-storage-practices-and-suicide-risk-factors-in-washington-state-2013-2016
#13
Erin Renee Morgan, Anthony Gomez, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar
OBJECTIVES: To characterize firearm ownership and storage practices in Washington State and assess their relationship with suicide risk factors. METHODS: Using Washington State Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data for 2013 to 2016, we conducted survey-weighted multivariable Poisson regression models to obtain prevalence ratios (PRs) and confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: Of 34 884 adult respondents, 34.3% (95% CI = 33.7%, 35...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767826/accidental-or-intentional-exposure-to-potentially-toxic-medications-natural-toxins-and-chemicals-during-pregnancy-analysis-of-data-from-tox-info-suisse
#14
Tabea Vogel, Saskia Lüde, Rahel Baumgartner, Christine Rauber-Lüthy, Ana Paula Simões-Wüst
OBJECTIVE: Affected women and health professionals are still often unsure about how to react to exposures to potentially harmful agents during pregnancy. We wanted to find out which agents worry both pregnant women and professionals, under what circumstances the exposures take place, how they are currently dealt with and how serious they are. METHODS: Making use of the archives of Tox Info Suisse, the foundation that provides poisons information in Switzerland both for members of the general public and for healthcare professionals, we set up an analysis of exposures to possibly harmful agents during pregnancy...
May 16, 2018: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767823/the-validity-of-open-source-data-when-assessing-jail-suicides
#15
Amanda L Thomas, Jacqueline Scott, Jeff Mellow
BACKGROUND: The Bureau of Justice Statistics' Deaths in Custody Reporting Program is the primary source for jail suicide research, though the data is restricted from general dissemination. This study is the first to examine whether jail suicide data obtained from publicly available sources can help inform our understanding of this serious public health problem. METHODS: Of the 304 suicides that were reported through the DCRP in 2009, roughly 56 percent (N = 170) of those suicides were identified through the open-source search protocol...
May 9, 2018: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767457/suicidal-behavior-and-personality-traits-contribute-to-disability-in-first-episode-psychosis-a-1-year-follow-up-study
#16
Manuel Canal-Rivero, Javier-David Lopez-Moriñigo, Maria-Luisa Barrigón, Rosa Ayesa-Arriola, Benedicto Crespo-Facorro, Miguel Ruiz-Veguilla, Jordi E Obiols-Llandrich
BACKGROUND: Disability encompasses impairments, activity limitations, and restrictions on participation. Improvement in functioning has therefore become a crucial outcome of treatment in psychosis. OBJECTIVE: The main aim of this study was to analyze the potential relationship between suicidal behavior after first episode of psychosis (FEP) and family disability. The second aim was to find out whether personality traits are associated with disability dimensions...
May 16, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761160/measuring-and-preventing-alcohol-use-and-related-harm-among-young-people-in-asian-countries-a-thematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Heng Jiang, Xiaojun Xiang, Wei Hao, Robin Room, Xiaojie Zhang, Xuyi Wang
Background: The paper reviews alcohol consumption patterns and alcohol-related social and health issues among 15-29-year old young people in Asian countries, and discusses strategies for preventing and controlling alcohol use and related harms. Methods: We searched Google Scholar, PubMed, and Web of Science for reports, reviews and journal articles published in English between 1st Jan 1990 and 31st August 2016. Results: Forty-one reports, reviews and journal papers were identified and included in the final review...
2018: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760034/physician-burnout-resilience-training-is-only-part-of-the-solution
#18
Alan J Card
Physicians and physician trainees are among the highest-risk groups for burnout and suicide, and those in primary care are among the hardest hit. Many health systems have turned to resilience training as a solution, but there is an ongoing debate about whether that is the right approach. This article distinguishes between unavoidable occupational suffering (inherent in the physician's role) and avoidable occupational suffering (systems failures that can be prevented). Resilience training may be helpful in addressing unavoidable suffering, but it is the wrong treatment for the organizational pathologies that lead to avoidable suffering- and may even compound the harm doctors experience...
May 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753431/-an-overview-of-suicide-risk-in-adolescence
#19
Jonathan Lachal, Marie Rose Moro, Michel Spodenkiewicz
Suicidal behaviour in adolescence is a major public health issue. It is the consequence of a sum of individual, relational and environmental difficulties that weaken the subject in a period of great vulnerability. The main aspects of their care consist in developing a good therapeutic link and adapting the adolescent's environment. Prevention is the concern of everyone, especially healthcare professionals who are regularly consulted before suicidal acts.
May 2018: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751572/suicide-prevention-guideline-implementation-in-specialist-mental-healthcare-institutions-in-the-netherlands
#20
Jan Mokkenstorm, Gerdien Franx, Renske Gilissen, Ad Kerkhof, Johannes Hendrikus Smit
In The Netherlands, on average 40% of all suicides concern patients treated by mental healthcare institutions (MHIs). Recent evidence indicates that implemented guideline recommendations significantly reduce the odds for patients to die by suicide. Implementation of the multidisciplinary guideline for diagnosis and treatment of suicidal behaviors is a main objective of the Dutch National Suicide Prevention Strategy. To this end, 24 MHIs that collectively reported 73% of patient suicides in 2015 received an educational outreach intervention offered by the national center of expertise...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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