keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Suicide AND prevention

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431193/evaluation-of-cholesterol-as-a-biomarker-for-suicidality-in-a-veteran-sample
#1
Chuck Reuter, Barbara Caldwell, Heather Basehore
A reduction in total cholesterol may alter the microviscosity of the brain-cell-membrane, reducing serotonin receptor exposure. The resulting imbalance between serotonin and dopamine may lead to an increased risk for suicidality. The objective of this research was to evaluate total cholesterol as a biological marker for suicidality in a sample of US military veterans. The study population consisted of veterans who received care at the Coatesville Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC) and were included in the Suicide Prevention Coordinator's database for having suicidal ideation with evidence of escalating intent, a documented suicide attempt, or committed suicide between 2009 and 2015...
April 21, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428338/strategies-to-prevent-death-by-suicide-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#2
REVIEW
Natalie B V Riblet, Brian Shiner, Yinong Young-Xu, Bradley V Watts
BackgroundFew randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have shown decreases in suicide.AimsTo identify interventions for preventing suicide.MethodWe searched EMBASE and Medline from inception until 31 December 2015. We included RCTs comparing prevention strategies with control. We pooled odds ratios (ORs) for suicide using the Peto method.ResultsAmong 8647 citations, 72 RCTs and 6 pooled analyses met inclusion criteria. Three RCTs (n = 2028) found that the World Health Organization (WHO) brief intervention and contact (BIC) was associated with significantly lower odds of suicide (OR = 0...
April 20, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427363/a-spatio-temporal-analysis-of-suicide-in-el-salvador
#3
Carlos Carcach
BACKGROUND: In 2012, international statistics showed El Salvador's suicide rate as 40th in the world and the highest in Latin America. Over the last 15 years, national statistics show the suicide death rate declining as opposed to an increasing rate of homicide. Though completed suicide is an important social and health issue, little is known about its prevalence, incidence, etiology and spatio-temporal behavior. The primary objective of this study was to examine completed suicide and homicide using the stream analogy to lethal violence within a spatio-temporal framework...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426687/does-ethnicity-matter-in-risk-and-protective-factors-for-suicide-attempts-and-suicide-lethality
#4
Carol C Choo, Keith M Harris, Peter K H Chew, Roger C Ho
This study explored ethnic differences in risk and protective factors for suicide attempts, for the major ethnic groups in Singapore, and ethnic differences in prediction of lethality. Three years of medical records related to suicide attempters (N = 666) who were admitted to the emergency department of a large teaching hospital in Singapore were subjected to analysis. Of the sample, 69.2% were female, 30.8% male; 63.8% Chinese, 15.8% Indian, and 15.0% Malay. Indians were over-represented in this sample, as compared with the ethnic distribution in the general population...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424378/-recognition-care-and-prevention-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-adults
#5
Zoltán Rihmer, Attila Németh, Tamás Kurimay, Dóra Perczel-Forintos, György Purebl, Péter Döme
Suicide is a major public health problem everywhere in the world and in the WHO European Region suicide accounts for over 120,000 deaths per year. 1. Recognition and diagnosis: An underlying psychiatric disorder is present in up to 90% of people who completed suicide. Comorbidity with depression, anxiety, substance abuse and personality disorders is high. In order to achieve successful prevention of suicidality, adequate diagnostic procedures and appropriate treatment for the underlying disorder are essential...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421572/-suicidal-behaviour-among-prisoners-prevalence-and-association-with-psychological-distress-in-flemish-prisons
#6
L Favril, F Vander Laenen, K Audenaert
BACKGROUND: Internationally, the prevalence of suicidal behaviour (suicidal ideation, suicide plan and attempted suicide) is significantly elevated among prisoners compared to the community at large. AIM: To estimate the prevalence of suicidal behaviour among prisoners in the Flanders region of Belgium, to identify differences according to gender and custodial status, and to examine the association of recent suicidal ideation and suicide plan with psychological distress...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421391/epidemiology-of-suicide-attempts-among-youth-transitioning-to-adulthood
#7
Martie P Thompson, Kevin Swartout
Suicide is the second leading cause of death for older adolescents and young adults. Although empirical literature has identified important risk factors of suicidal behavior, it is less understood if changes in risk factors correspond with changes in suicide risk. To address this knowledge gap, we assessed if there were different trajectories of suicidal behavior as youth transition into young adulthood and determined what time-varying risk factors predicted these trajectories. This study used four waves of data spanning approximately 13 years from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419959/substance-abuse-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Thomas Messer, Gero Lammers, Florian Müller-Siecheneder, Raluca-Florela Schmidt, Sahar Latifi
By considering the debilitating outcome of co-occurring of bipolar disorder (BD) and substance abuse, determination of risk factors of substance use disorders (SUD: abuse or dependence of drugs and/or alcohol) is essential to identify the susceptible patients. The purpose of this study was to clarify the major determinant factors of SUD among adults with BD by reviewing the relevant literature. We systematically searched electronic databases including PubMed (MEDLINE), EMBASE, OVID, Cochrane and Scopus for human studies addressing the co-existence of bipolar disorder and SUD...
April 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419887/unpacking-the-impact-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-on-adult-mental-health
#9
Melissa T Merrick, Katie A Ports, Derek C Ford, Tracie O Afifi, Elizabeth T Gershoff, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor
Exposure to childhood adversity has an impact on adult mental health, increasing the risk for depression and suicide. Associations between Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and several adult mental and behavioral health outcomes are well documented in the literature, establishing the need for prevention. The current study analyzes the relationship between an expanded ACE score that includes being spanked as a child and adult mental health outcomes by examining each ACE separately to determine the contribution of each ACE...
April 15, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414504/the-qualities-of-attachment-with-significant-others-and-self-compassion-protect-adolescents-from-non-suicidal-self-injury
#10
Yongqiang Jiang, Jianing You, Xiaoling Zheng, Min-Pei Lin
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a serious public health problem. Identifying the factors that could help prevent or reduce NSSI is important. The current study examined the protective roles of the perceived qualities of current attachment to significant others (i.e., mothers, fathers, and peers) and self-compassion in adolescent NSSI. The potential mediating effect of self-compassion in the relationships between attachment relationships with mothers, fathers, and peers and adolescent NSSI was also explored...
April 17, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414489/prospective-identification-of-adolescent-suicide-ideation-using-classification-tree-analysis-models-for-community-based-screening
#11
Ryan M Hill, Benjamin Oosterhoff, Julie B Kaplow
OBJECTIVE: Although a large number of risk markers for suicide ideation have been identified, little guidance has been provided to prospectively identify adolescents at risk for suicide ideation within community settings. The current study addressed this gap in the literature by utilizing classification tree analysis (CTA) to provide a decision-making model for screening adolescents at risk for suicide ideation. METHOD: Participants were N = 4,799 youth (Mage = 16...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411663/-suicide-in-the-elderly
#12
Marie-Claude Frénisy, Claude Plassard
Suicide in the elderly is a real public health issue and has been the subject of a national prevention plan. It is very frequently linked to depression. To prevent people attempting suicide, health professionals must be trained to recognise and manage a suicidal crisis.
April 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411662/-suicide-in-adolescence
#13
Alexandra Tubiana, Renaud F Cohen, Jean-Pierre Kahn
On average, in one year in France, six in every thirty teenagers have suicidal thoughts and two attempt suicide. At this age, suicidal behaviour is structured around psychopathological, developmental and relational dimensions. Talking about suicide helps to avoid it but educating teenagers in mental health is the best way of preventing this definitive act.
April 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411658/-improving-suicide-prevention
#14
Michel Debout
Suicidal thoughts precede a suicide attempt. Knowing the people who are exposed to such thoughts enables prevention to be improved. The results of a study of the general population show that one in five French people claim to have already seriously considered committing suicide. This represents a particularly concerning public health issue.
April 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410567/farm-suicides-in-new-zealand-2007-2015-a-review-of-coroners-records
#15
Annette L Beautrais
OBJECTIVE: Economic recessions and severe weather events are often associated with increased suicide rates. The Global Dairy Crisis 2015/2016 led to an economic downturn in the New Zealand dairy farming industry and, coupled with droughts in some regions and floods in others, raised fears about increased suicide rates among farmers. However, little was known about suicides in the farming sector. This study reviews characteristics of recent farm-related suicides in New Zealand and assesses the extent to which financial stresses contributed to the deaths...
April 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410113/watch-dog-detecting-self-harming-activities-from-wrist-worn-accelerometers
#16
Pratool Bharti, Anurag Panwar, Ganesh Gopalakrishna, Sriram Chellappan
In a 2012 survey, in the United States alone, there were more than 35; 000 reported suicides with approximately 1; 800 of being psychiatric inpatients. Recent CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) reports indicate an upward trend in these numbers. In psychiatric facilities, staff perform intermittent or continuous observation of patients manually in order to prevent such tragedies, but studies show that they are insufficient, and also consume staff time and resources. In this paper, we present the Watch-Dog system, to address the problem of detecting self-harming activities when attempted by in-patients in clinical settings...
April 7, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405359/suicides-on-the-austrian-railway-network-hotspot-analysis-and-effect-of-proximity-to-psychiatric-institutions
#17
Markus J Strauss, Peter Klimek, Gernot Sonneck, Thomas Niederkrotenthaler
Railway suicide is a significant public health problem. In addition to the loss of lives, these suicides occur in public space, causing traumatization among train drivers and passengers, and significant public transport delays. Prevention efforts depend upon accurate knowledge of clustering phenomena across the railway network, and spatial risk factors. Factors such as proximity to psychiatric institutions have been discussed to impact on railway suicides, but analytic evaluations are scarce and limited. We identify 15 hotspots on the Austrian railway system while taking case location uncertainties into account...
March 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405343/role-of-depression-in-diabetes-management-in-an-ethnic-minority-population-a-case-of-korean-americans-with-type-2-diabetes
#18
Miyong To Kim, Kim Byeng Kim, Jisook Ko, Yuri Jang, David Levine, Hochang Benjamin Lee
BACKGROUND: Comorbid depression and diabetes mellitus (DM) compound challenges to disease management such as low health literacy, insufficient access to care, and social or linguistic isolation. Korean Americans (KAs), predominantly first-generation immigrants, suffer from a high prevalence of type 2 DM and depression. Limited research on KAs has prevented the development of effective interventions. OBJECTIVES: To compare the prevalence of depression in KAs with DM and all Americans with/without DM, and to explore correlates of comorbid DM and depression and strategies to address KAs' DM and depression...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404500/psychosocial-job-stressors-and-thoughts-about-suicide-among-males-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-first-wave-of-the-ten-to-men-cohort
#19
A Milner, D Currier, A D LaMontagne, M J Spittal, J Pirkis
OBJECTIVES: Psychosocial job stressors are known to be associated with poor mental health. This research seeks to assess the relationship between psychosocial working conditions and suicidal ideation using a large dataset of Australian males. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Data from wave 1 of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Male Health (Ten to Men) was used to assess the association between suicidal ideation in the past two weeks and psychosocial working conditions using logistic regression...
March 28, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404489/the-effectiveness-of-suicide-prevention-programmes-urban-and-gender-disparity-in%C3%A2-age-specific-suicide-rates-in-a-taiwanese-population
#20
F-W Lung, S-C Liao, C-Y Wu, M-B Lee
OBJECTIVE: The effectiveness of suicide prevention programmes is an important issue worldwide today. The impact of urbanization and gender is controversial in suicide rates. Hence, this study adjusted on potential risk factors and secular changes for suicide rates in gender and rural/urban areas. STUDY DESIGN: Observational study. METHODS: A Suicide Prevention Center was established by the Executive Yuan in Taiwan in 2005 and tried to carry out suicidal intervention in the community in every city and town...
March 30, 2017: Public Health
keyword
keyword
106626
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"