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injury due to fall from height

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488618/pediatric-thoracolumbar-spinal-injuries-the-etiology-and-clinical-spectrum-of-an-uncommon-entity-in-childhood
#1
R A Babu, Arivazhagan Arimappamagan, Nupur Pruthi, Dhananjaya I Bhat, H R Arvinda, B Indira Devi, Sampath Somanna
BACKGROUND: Pediatric thoracolumbar (TL) spinal injuries are uncommon entities with an incidence of 5-34% of all pediatric spinal injuries. There is a scarcity of studies done on the pediatric population in the developing countries like India. This study aims to review our experience with TL spine injuries in children over a 12-year period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the epidemiology, risk factors, mechanisms, patterns of injury and management of pediatric TL injuries in our population...
May 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392950/diffuse-subcutaneous-emphysema-and-pneumomediastinum-secondary-to-a-minor-blunt-chest-trauma
#2
Maximilian Andreas Storz, Eric P Heymann, Aristomenis K Exadaktylos
Full medical evaluation is paramount for all trauma patients. Minor traumas are often overlooked, as they are thought to bear low injury potential. In this case report, we describe the case of a 48-year-old man presenting to our Emergency Department with mild to moderate right-sided shoulder and scapular pain following a fall from his own height ten days previously. Clinical and paraclinical investigations (CT) revealed diffuse right shoulder pain, with crepitations on palpation of the neck, right shoulder, and right lateral chest wall...
2017: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194757/a-population-based-study-on-epidemiology-of-intensive-care-unit-treated-traumatic-brain-injury-in-iceland
#3
G M Jonsdottir, S H Lund, B Snorradottir, S Karason, I H Olafsson, K Reynisson, B Mogensen, K Sigvaldason
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury is a worldwide health issue and a significant cause of preventable deaths and disabilities. We aimed to describe population-based data on intensive care treated traumatic brain injury in Iceland over 15 years period. METHODS: Retrospective review of all intensive care unit admissions due to traumatic brain injury at The National University Hospital of Iceland 1999-2013. Data were collected on demographics, mechanism of injury, alcohol consumption, glasgow come scale upon admission, Injury Severity Scoring, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II score, length of stay, interventions and mortality (defined as glasgow outcome score one)...
April 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088938/clinical-analysis-of-54-cases-of-large-area-soft-tissue-avulsion-in-the-lower-limb
#4
Yu Chen, Lei Liu
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical curative effect of different treatment methods for large area avulsion injury in the lower limb. METHODS: Between January 2010 and December 2013, 54 patients with large area avulsion injury in the lower limb were treated in the trauma center of our hospital, including 34 males and 20 females with a mean age of 35.7 years (range, 16-65 years). The injury mechanism was traffic accident in 44 cases, hitting by heavy objects in 8 cases, and fall from height in 2 cases, involving 31 thighs, 19 legs and 4 feet involved...
December 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074894/characteristics-of-unilateral-tibial-plateau-fractures-among-adult-patients-hospitalized-at-an-orthopaedic-trauma-centre-in-china
#5
Yong Liu, Zhengwen Liao, Lei Shang, Wenhua Huang, Dawei Zhang, Guoxian Pei
The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of unilateral tibial plateau fractures among hospitalized adult patients in Xijing Hospital, to evaluate the accuracy of Schatzker classification system and AO/OTA classification system to tibial plateau fractures. We retrospectively analysed clinical data on 274 patients admitted to Xijing Hospital between September 2006 and August 2015. The patients' demographic characteristics, admission periods and seasons, external causes and fracture types were recorded and summarized...
January 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050455/outcomes-of-short-segment-posterior-instrumentation-in-unstable-thoracolumbar-fractures
#6
Sharvil H Gajjar, Hari J Menon, Nitin Chaudhari, Vipul Chaudhari
INTRODUCTION: The spinal traumas are common and leading problem in orthopaedics practice. The individuals are at a risk of high energy trauma in modern era. Unstable thoracolumbar burst fractures are serious injuries of concern, if left untreated may result in marked morbidity and disability to the patient. Thoracolumbar is the second most common segment involved in the spinal cord following spinal injuries followed by cervical segment. The goal of treatment of any spinal injury is restoration of the patient to maximum possible function with disability free life...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030934/the-physiotherapeutic-context-of-loss-of-dominant-arm-function-due-to-occupational-accidents
#7
Anna Kostiukow, Elżbieta Kaluga, Włodzimierz Samborski, Elżbieta Rostkowska
INTRODUCTION: The study examines the problem of dominant arm function loss in rural adult patients due to work-related accidents. The types of risks involved in farmyard work include falling from a height, manually moving loads, overturning/accident whilst driving an agricultural tractor, noise and vibration, use of pesticides, and the risk of being cut or injured. The study focuses on adaptation of the non-dominant arm. OBJECTIVE: The main aim of the study was evaluation of visual-motor coordination on the basis of performance of the non-dominant hand in patients after the loss of function of the dominant arm...
December 23, 2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029497/active-numerical-model-of-human-body-for-reconstruction-of-falls-from-height
#8
Marcin Milanowicz, Krzysztof Kędzior
Falls from height constitute the largest group of incidents out of approximately 90,000 occupational accidents occurring each year in Poland. Reconstruction of the exact course of a fall from height is generally difficult due to lack of sufficient information from the accident scene. This usually results in several contradictory versions of an incident and impedes, for example, determination of the liability in a judicial process. In similar situations, in many areas of human activity, researchers apply numerical simulation...
January 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026736/-peripheral-factures-of-the-talus-mid-term-results
#9
M Peml, P Kálal, P Kopačka, M Kloub
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Peripheral fractures of the talus (lateral talar process and posterior talar process) are rare injuries, easy to miss on examination due to their location and clinical manifestation. They account for 0.3% to 1.0% of all fractures of the talus. An incorrect or late treatment of talar process fractures can result in permanent pain, impingement syndrome, healing in malposition, pseudoarthrosis development and also, due to joint instability, in a potential development of severe subtalar arthritis...
2016: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000209/evaluation-of-non-natural-deaths-among-veterans-new-mexico-medical-examiner-investigated-deaths-2002-2011
#10
Melissa R LeBlanc, Camille P Clifford, Sarah L Lathrop
While it is recognized that veterans have increased rates of depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), suicide, and substance use disorders, rates of homicide and unintentional injury deaths in veterans have been minimally investigated. We evaluated all non-natural deaths in New Mexico veterans between 2002 and 2011 in comparison with non-natural deaths among non-veterans. We reviewed all decedents in New Mexico with a history of military service and investigated by the medical examiner, excluding natural deaths and deaths due to fall from standing height...
May 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982324/pediatric-vascular-trauma-in-manaus-amazon-brazil
#11
Cleinaldo DE Almeida Costa, José Emerson Dos Santos Souza, Antônio Oliveira DE Araújo, Flávio Augusto Oliva Melo, Isabelle Nascimento Costa, Paulo Henrique Klein
Objective: to assess the incidence of pediatric vascular injuries in patients treated at the Emergency Room of the Eastern Children's Hospital, in Manaus. Methods: we conducted a retrospective study of pediatric patients who suffered vascular injuries treated between February 2001 to February 2012. Results: we studied 71 patients, predominantly male (78.87%), with a mean age of 7.63 years. The predominant mechanism of injury was stab wound in 27 patients (38...
September 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865726/-falls-in-less-than-one-year-old-infants-management-in-the-emergency-department
#12
Elena Rubio García, Ana Jiménez de Domingo, Rafael Marañon Pardillo, Miriam Triviño Rodríguez, Luis Alberto Frontado Haiek, Nuria Gilabert Iriondo, Francesc Ripoll Oliveras, Cristina Remón García, Gloria Estopiña Ferrer, Cristina Muñoz López
OBJECTIVES: A study was performed in order to describe injuries associated with falls in children aged <1 year who attended the emergency department. The approaches used were examined, as well as the factors associated with the greater use of these approaches, and the management of the patient. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a multicentre, descriptive and analytical study that included all patients aged <1 year who had experienced a fall for which they attended the emergency departments of one of 8 Spanish Hospitals belonging to the "Unintentional Paediatric Injury Working Group" of the Spanish Paediatric Society...
November 16, 2016: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806534/association-between-adrenal-hematoma-and-mortality-in-pediatric-multiple-blunt-traumas-an-autopsy-evaluation
#13
Farrokh Taftachi, Leyla Abdolkarimi, Maryam Ameri, Azadeh Memarian, Alireza Behzadi, Hooman Bakhshandeh
Adrenal hematoma is a common hidden catastrophic complication in pediatric victims of multiple blunt traumas. Adrenal hematoma has no obvious symptoms and may not be detected by diagnostic methods such as magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography scan, and sonography; consequently, this complication may be neglected in children with multiple blunt traumas and cause death through sudden adrenal crisis.The current study was conducted on 55 dead children (<13 y) and 110 matured youths (13-17 y) who died in consequence of multiple blunt traumas, comprising car crashes, fall from heights, and falling debris...
August 4, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806518/a-comprehensive-analysis-of-dispatching-of-traumatic-brain-injuries-in-the-fifth-period-at-the-rajaie-hospital-in-ghachsaran
#14
Abouzar Alidadi, Rooholah Zaboli, Razzagh Abedi, Mohammad Reza Soltanizarandi
INTRODUCTION: Increasing car accidents in young group and head-stroke mechanisms in developing countryis are the main cause of brain lesions and injuries related to trauma, so that traumatic severe brain lesions and injuries and uncontrollable hemorrhage are the major cause of mortality and morbidity due to trauma. Statistical analysis and factors along with main injuries can give us useful information in the field of injury management, patient dispatching management, proper scheduling, and patients dispatching to appropriate centers...
July 25, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649404/minimally-invasive-repair-of-bilateral-calcaneal-fractures-with-unilateral-external-fixation-a-case-report
#15
Louis V DeFazio, Guido A LaPorta
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Calcaneal fractures are a serious injury with significant associated morbidity. Bilateral calcaneal fractures complicate issues even further, due to the physical disability that the patient is left with. One of the major issues with any calcaneal fracture is the risk of soft tissue compromise caused by the traumatic nature of the injury. A percutaneous approach allows the soft tissue envelope to remain viable, while still fixating the fractures. The purpose of this presentation is to highlight the use of percutaneous repair, the role of external fixation in calcaneal fractures, and lastly discuss the outcome for this particular patient...
September 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375316/factors-affecting-morbidity-in-solid-organ-injuries
#16
Serdar Baygeldi, Oktay Karakose, Kazım Caglar Özcelik, Hüseyin Pülat, Sedat Damar, Hüseyin Eken, İsmail Zihni, Alpaslan Fedai Çalta, Bilsel Baç
Background and Aim. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of demographic characteristics, biochemical parameters, amount of blood transfusion, and trauma scores on morbidity in patients with solid organ injury following trauma. Material and Method. One hundred nine patients with solid organ injury due to abdominal trauma during January 2005 and October 2015 were examined retrospectively in the General Surgery Department of Dicle University Medical Faculty. Patients' age, gender, trauma interval time, vital status (heart rate, arterial tension, and respiratory rate), hematocrit (HCT) value, serum area aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) values, presence of free abdominal fluid in USG, trauma mechanism, extra-abdominal system injuries, injured solid organs and their number, degree of injury in abdominal CT, number of blood transfusions, duration of hospital stay, time of operation (for those undergoing operation), trauma scores (ISS, RTS, Glasgow coma scale, and TRISS), and causes of morbidity and mortality were examined...
2016: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27277363/pattern-of-head-injuries-cranio-cerebral-due-to-homicide-in-association-with-other-injuries-a-retrospective-post-mortem-study-autopsied-at-dhaka-medical-college-morgue-house
#17
E B Akber, M T Alam, K M Rahman, I Jahan, S A Musa
Annually, homicide contributes to a greater number of the total head injury cases. This retrospective study was conducted from 1(st) January 2009 to 31(st)December 2011 at Dhaka Medical College Mortuary. During this study period of three years a total of 15300 autopsies were done of which 5649 cases (36.84%) were of head injuries. Of them 747(13.22%) were of homicidal, 4080(72.22%) road-traffic accidents, 502(8.88%) accidental and 320(5.66%) cases of fall from heights. Three hundred ninety eight (398) urban cases (53...
April 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27265045/numerical-simulations-of-the-10-year-old-head-response-in-drop-impacts-and-compression-tests
#18
Zhou Zhou, Binhui Jiang, Libo Cao, Feng Zhu, Haojie Mao, King H Yang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Studies on traumatic injuries of children indicate that impact to the head is a major cause of severe injury and high mortality. However, regulatory and ethical concerns very much limit development and validation of computer models representing the pediatric head. The purpose of this study was to develop a child head finite element model with high-biofidelity to be used for studying pediatric head injury mechanisms. METHODS: A newly developed 10-year-old (YO) pediatric finite element head model was limitedly validated for kinematic and kinetic responses against data from quasi-static compressions and drop tests obtained from an experimental study involving a child-cadaver specimen...
July 2016: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27162889/characteristics-of-hollow-viscus-injury-following-blunt-abdominal-trauma-a-single-centre-experience-from-eastern-india
#19
Nawal Kishore Jha, Sanjay Kumar Yadav, Rajshekhar Sharma, Dipendra Kumar Sinha, Sandip Kumar, Marshal Daud Kerketta, Mini Sinha, Abhinav Anand, Anjana Gandhi, Satish Kumar Ranjan, Jitin Yadav
OBJECTIVE: To determine the presentation, anatomical distribution, diagnostic method, management and outcome of hollow viscus injury (HVI) from blunt abdominal trauma. METHODS: This  was  a  retrospective  cross-ecnal  study  including  patients  with  blunt  abdominal  trauma leading to HVI admitted at Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, Ranchi, over a period of 4.5 years (January 2009 to July 2014). Data were retrieved from patients' medical records...
October 2014: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27148495/impalement-thoracoabdominal-trauma-secondary-to-falling-on-metallic-iron-bars-an-extremely-rare-and-unique-case
#20
Mohsen Kolahdouzan, Mohammad Taqhi Rezaee, Shahab Shahabi
INTRODUCTION: Penetrating thoracoabdominal injuries are potentially life threatening due to the associated hemorrhagic shock and visceral injury. Through and through penetrating injury with polytrauma is rarely encountered. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we report on a 25-year-old male with penetrating thoracoabdominal injury caused by a metallic (iron) bar projecting from a pillar of a construction site after he fell down from a height. CONCLUSIONS: Anesthetic and surgical management was difficult due to the inability to position in supine and rapidly progressing hemorrhagic shock...
March 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
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