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Sexual abuse children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686496/child-and-youth-advocacy-centres-a-change-in-practice-that-can-change-a-lifetime
#1
Christina L Shaffer, Tanya D Smith, Amy E Ornstein
While often a silent and invisible issue, childhood trauma is pervasive, and has profound individual, societal and economic impacts. Many forms of childhood trauma exist, including child physical and sexual abuse. Given the prevalence, impact and availability of prevention and intervention approaches, child abuse deserves the same level of awareness, policy priority and investment as is directed to other issues of significant public health importance. The complex issue of child abuse requires a coordinated multifaceted response, which minimizes system trauma and revictimization for the child and family...
April 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685056/individual-and-parental-risk-factors-for-sexual-exploitation-among-high-risk-youth-in-uganda
#2
Shannon Self-Brown, Rachel Culbreth, Rebecca Wilson, Lisa Armistead, Rogers Kasirye, Monica H Swahn
This study examined risk factors to determine associations with commercial sexual exploitation of children and youth (CSEC) in a convenience sample of adolescents living in the slums in Kampala, Uganda. Individual-level factors included demographic, adverse experiences (ever living on the streets; victim of dating violence, parental abuse, or rape), and behavioral risk (social media, alcohol use, age at first intercourse). Parental-risk factors included parent alcohol use and approval attitudes toward youth sex...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681251/behavior-problems-in-sexually-abused-preschoolers-over-a-1-year-period-the-mediating-role-of-attachment-representations
#3
Florence Charest, Martine Hébert, Annie Bernier, Rachel Langevin, Raphaële Miljkovitch
According to the developmental psychopathology framework, adverse childhood experiences, including child sexual abuse (CSA), may alter the course of normal development in children. Attachment security has been identified as a protective factor against psychopathology and may thus play a critical role in predicting victims' adaptation. The main objective of the present study was to investigate the mediating effect of attachment representations in the relation between CSA and behavior problems over a 1-year period...
April 23, 2018: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667036/understanding-men-s-self-reported-sexual-interest-in-children
#4
Sandy K Wurtele, Dominique A Simons, Leah J Parker
A few studies have found that even in the general population, a minority of adults-men as well as women-report some sexual interest in a young age group. The purpose of the present study was to identify factors associated with self-reported sexual interest in children among a community-based sample of men. Using an online survey methodology, we examined the extent to which different types of childhood adversities (witnessing parental violence, sexual, physical, and emotional abuse), atypical childhood sexual experiences, and participants' self-reported likelihood of engaging in a variety of sexual behaviors (heightened sexual interest) were related to sexual interest in children (SIC) reported by a non-forensic/non-clinical sample of 173 men...
April 17, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659073/online-sexual-activity-involving-webcams-an-overview-of-existing-literature-and-implications-for-sexual-boundary-violations-of-children-and-adolescents
#5
Thula Koops, Arne Dekker, Peer Briken
Despite the relevance of the Internet and its increasing use for sexual purposes, research into online sexual activity (OSA) involving webcams is limited. Aside from positive experiences, OSA may implicate violations of sexual boundaries, reaching from minor issues to serious forms of sexual abuse. To provide a basis for a classification of sexual boundary violations online and a conceptualization of preventive measures, a systematic review of the literature on OSA involving webcams was conducted, resulting in publications from four thematic categories: webcam use in common OSA, psychopathological phenomena, sex work, and crime and indecency (commercial sexual exploitation, trafficking, and sexual boundary violations)...
March 2018: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656040/-child-sexual-abuse-description-of-a-french-population-having-consulted-in-a-forensic-medical-service-between-2011-and-2015
#6
M Hauet-Wiedemann, A Wiedemann, A Gatin, E Renaud, L Lapp, A Franchi, L Martrille, A Borsa-Dorion
BACKGROUND: When child sexual abuse (CSA) is suspected, the detection of anogenital anomalies is rare. In France, since 2011, most clinical examinations of children for whom CSA is suspected take place in the forensic medical service (FMS). OBJECTIVES: To describe a population of children examined for suspected CSA in the FMS of the Nancy Regional University Hospital Center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Children under the age of 18 who consulted for suspected CSA in the Nancy FMS between 2011 and 2015 were included...
April 11, 2018: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652872/medical-management-of-transgender-children-and-adolescents
#7
María Fernanda Castilla-Peón
Transgender or gender nonconforming (GN) persons identify themselves with a gender which is different from that correspondent to their birth sex. The demand for health services by families with transgender children or adolescents tends to increase. The prevalence of GN in children is unknown; however, it has been estimated to be > 1% in adolescents. Transgender persons are at increased risk of depression, suicide, illicit drug abuse, human immunodeficiency virus infection, and non-accidental injury. The most accepted model for the care of transgender persons assumes that these adverse outcomes are the consequence of social margination rather than the GI condition itself...
2018: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642524/medical-and-legal-aspects-of-child-sexual-abuse-a-population-based-study-in-a-hungarian-county
#8
Andrea Enyedy, Panagiotis Tsikouras, Roland Csorba
BACKGROUND: Very few studies focus on childhood sexual abuse in middle European countries. AIM: The purpose of our study is to describe the medical and legal characteristics of children who experience sexual abuse and explore common features that may result in strategies for prevention. METHODS: Between 2000 and 2015, 400 girls and 26 boys under the age of 18, suspected of being sexually abused, visited one of the four hospitals in a Hungarian county...
April 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625324/lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-lgb-youth-within-in-welfare-prevalence-risk-and-outcomes
#9
Alan J Dettlaff, Micki Washburn, Lynley Christian Carr, Alicia Nikki Vogel
The purpose of this study was to estimate the population of sexual minority or LGB (lesbian, gay and bisexual) children and youth involved with the child welfare system, and to compare their health, mental health, placement and permanency outcomes to those of non-LGB youth. Data were drawn from the Second National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW-II), a nationally representative sample of children who were referred to child welfare due to a report of abuse or neglect over a fifteen month period...
April 3, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620636/clinical-characteristic-and-risk-factors-of-recurrent-sexual-abuse-and-delayed-reported-sexual-abuse-in-childhood
#10
Mei-Hua Hu, Go-Shine Huang, Jing-Long Huang, Chang-Teng Wu, An-Shine Chao, Fu-Sung Lo, Han-Ping Wu
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a global problem that affects children of all ages, and the evaluation of these victims by psychologic and gynecologic experts in pediatric emergency departments is an important issue. Few data are available on the characteristics of children admitted to pediatric emergency department with recurrent CSA and delayed reported CSA. The aim of the present study was to describe the clinical features of, and risk factors for, recurrent CSA and delayed reported CSA. The study retrospectively analyzed victims of CSA who were admitted to a pediatric emergency department...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617213/child-parent-relationship-therapy-with-extra-familial-abused-children
#11
Roy Tal, Kineret Tal, Ohad Green
Sexual abuse by a perpetrator outside of the family is the most prevalent form of child sexual abuse. It is associated with serious consequences for both the child and his family. Surprisingly, however, the issue of extra-familial sexual abuse has received very little research and clinical attention. The purpose of the current study was to explore the effectiveness of Child-Parent Relationship Therapy (CPRT), which uses nondirective play therapy tools, among parents of extra-familial abused children and their parents...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617047/review-shows-that-icelandic-society-is-taking-firmer-steps-to-tackle-the-diverse-forms-of-child-abuse-and-neglect-that-its-children-are-exposed-to
#12
REVIEW
Geir Gunnlaugsson, Jónína Einarsdóttir
AIM: This review examined and summarised the research published on child abuse in Iceland, which was mainly in the country's native language, to make the findings more accessible to English speakers. It specifically focused on child rearing and the physical, emotional and sexual abuse, neglect and intra-familial conflicts suffered by children at the hands of their parents and other carers. METHOD: The review drew on published research, books and reports and compared the findings with Nordic research and global estimates of child abuse...
April 4, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594160/job-related-stress-in-forensic-interviewers-of-children-with-use-of-therapy-dogs-compared-with-facility-dogs-or-no-dogs
#13
Diane Walsh, Mariko Yamamoto, Neil H Willits, Lynette A Hart
Sexually abused children providing essential testimony regarding crimes in forensic interviews now sometimes are provided facility dogs or therapy dogs for comfort. Facility dogs are extensively trained to work with forensic interviewers; when using therapy dogs in interviews, volunteers are the dog handlers. Interviews can impact child welfare workers' mental health causing secondary traumatic stress (STS). To investigate this stress, first data were gathered on stress retrospectively for when interviewers initially started the job prior to working with a dog, and then currently, from forensic interviewers using a facility dog, a therapy or pet dog, or no dog...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588045/when-teachers-are-discovered-to-have-sexually-abused-students-the-role-of-child-psychiatric-consultation
#14
EDITORIAL
Michael S Jellinek
Tragically, investigations have shown many cases of teachers in private schools sexually abusing students.1 Most cases occurred from the 1960s through the 1990s and involved eccentric, creative, highly valued, and long-serving teachers. Some were indiscriminate predators who abused many children, others abused one or a few students, and some "groomed" students by developing a special emotional relationship during high school and then initiating a sexual relationship after graduation. Often, abusers and victims were vulnerable because of low self-esteem, depression, divorce, or substance use...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580902/early-life-trauma-an-exploratory-study-of-effects-on-oxtr-and-nr3c1-gene-expression-and-nurturing-self-efficacy-in-mothers-of-infants
#15
Alysson E Light, Julianne Holt-Lunstad, Chris L Porter, Kathleen C Light
BACKGROUND: In animals, adverse early experience alters oxytocinergic and glucocorticoid activity and maternal behavior in adulthood. This preliminary study explored associations among childhood trauma (loss of a parent or sexual abuse in childhood), maternal self-efficacy, and leukocyte gene expression (mRNA) of oxytocin and glucocorticoid receptors (OXTR and NR3C1) in mothers of infants. METHODS: 62 mothers (20 with early life trauma) with healthy 3-month old infants reported maternal self-efficacy, depression, infant temperament, and overall social support; the effects of early trauma on these measures were assessed...
March 23, 2018: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576728/psychosocial-needs-of-children-in-foster-care-and-the-impact-of-sexual-abuse
#16
Anne Steenbakkers, Ingunn T Ellingsen, Steffie van der Steen, Hans Grietens
Children in family foster care, especially those who have experienced sexual abuse, require a safe and nurturing environment in which their psychosocial needs are met. However, there is limited knowledge on how youth prioritize various needs and what impact previous experiences have on these needs. In this study, we asked youth (formerly) in family foster care to indicate their psychosocial needs, and analyzed if youth with a history of sexual abuse have different needs. A Q methodological study was conducted with 44 youth (age 16-28)...
2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574294/examining-the-utility-of-a-train-the-trainer-model-for-dissemination-of-sexual-violence-prevention-in-schools
#17
Christine Weingarten, Jina Rabago, Jasmine Reynolds, Kalani Gates, Evie Yanagida, Charlene Baker
Rates of childhood sexual abuse are unacceptably high, with potentially long-lasting consequences for those who have been victimized. Currently, there are a number of sexual violence prevention programs that have been developed to lower rates of victimization, increase awareness, and connect victims with resources. Within this area of research, there has been less focus on effective methods of program dissemination. For example, school-based sexual violence prevention programs have had positive outcomes; however, little is known about how these programs are disseminated...
March 22, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565932/childhood-predictors-of-adult-adiposity-findings-from-a-longitudinal-study
#18
Geraldine Fh McLeod, David M Fergusson, L John Horwood, Joseph M Boden, Frances A Carter
AIMS: The increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity has become a key challenge for New Zealand. The purpose of the present study was to examine childhood risk factors for adult adiposity in a longitudinal birth cohort. METHODS: Data were gathered from the Christchurch Health and Development Study (CHDS), a birth cohort of 1,265 children born in Christchurch in 1977. Associations were examined between socio-demographic background, perinatal factors, infant and child characteristics, family functioning/child maltreatment and adiposity at ages 30 and 35 years...
March 23, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562945/maternal-depression-in-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-childhood-maltreatment-and-its-sequelae-testing-postpartum-effects-in-a-longitudinal-birth-cohort
#19
Karmel W Choi, Renate Houts, Louise Arseneault, Carmine Pariante, Kathleen J Sikkema, Terrie E Moffitt
Mothers who have experienced childhood maltreatment are more likely to have children also exposed to maltreatment, a phenomenon known as intergenerational transmission. Factors in the perinatal period may contribute uniquely to this transmission, but timing effects have not been ascertained. Using structural equation modeling with 1,016 mothers and their 2,032 children in the Environmental Risk Longitudinal Twin Study, we tested the mediating role of postpartum depression between maternal childhood maltreatment and a cascade of negative child outcomes, specifically child exposure to maltreatment, internalizing symptoms, and externalizing symptoms: (a) adjusting for later maternal depression, (b) comparing across sex differences, and (c) examining the relative role of maltreatment subtypes...
March 22, 2018: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558887/mental-ill-health-and-factors-associated-with-men-s-use-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-zimbabwe
#20
Mercilene Machisa, Simukai Shamu
BACKGROUND: Over the years, researchers have relied on data from women victims to understand the profile on male perpetrators of intimate partner violence (IPV). IPV studies with male participants in the general population are still emerging in Africa. The contribution of mental ill health to IPV perpetration in the general population that has been documented elsewhere is emergent. Notwithstanding, research with male perpetrators is essential to informing effective prevention programmes and interventions...
March 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
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