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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816175/-medical-evaluation-for-suspected-sexual-violence-against-girls
#1
Margret Edda Ornolfsdottir, Ebba Margret Magnusdottir, Jon R Kristinsson, Reynir Tomas Geirsson
INTRODUCTION: Sexual violence against children is a hidden problem. Medical examination and evaluation is needed to search for possible injuries, exclude infections, procure legal evidence and ensure the child´s welfare. We assessed medical evaluations done at Landspitali University Hospital and in the Reykjavik Children's House, a specialized clinic for childhood abuse cases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective descriptive analysis was performed on the standardized medical examinations...
July 2017: Læknablađiđ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816058/tscc-and-tscyc-screening-forms-in-a-clinical-sample-reliability-validity-and-creating-local-clinical-norms
#2
Jeffrey N Wherry, Catherine E Dunlop
Clinical norms were developed for two screening tools recently developed by Briere and published by Psychological Assessment Resources. The screening measures were derived from the most predictive items of the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (TSCC) and the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Young Children (TSCYC). Both screening measures (TSCC-Screening Form and TSCYC-Screening Form) have a total of 20 items measuring general trauma (12 items) and sexual concerns (8 items). Briere and Wherry report on the reliability and validity of the instrument when used with a normative group of children who are not identified as abused...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815844/do-adult-mental-health-services-identify-child-abuse-and-neglect-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
John Read, David Harper, Ian Tucker, Angela Kennedy
Child abuse and neglect play a causal role in many mental health problems. Knowing whether users of mental health services were abused or neglected as children could be considered essential for developing comprehensive formulations and effective treatment plans. In the present study we report the findings of a systematic review, using independent searches of three databases designed to discover how often mental health staff find out whether their clients were abused or neglected as children. Twenty-one relevant studies were identified...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810212/evaluation-of-bikers-against-child-abuse-baca-program-a-community-intervention-for-child-abuse-victims
#4
Dee C Ray, J P Lilly, Nancy Gallina, Paula MacIan, Brittany Wilson
Children who have experienced physical abuse benefit from a multitude of community interventions including support programs to address emotional and behavioral stability. This pilot study evaluated the services of Bikers Against Child Abuse (BACA), a community of bikers lending intervention to abused children, using a pre/post exploratory design. Participants (N=154) were children who had been referred by parents/guardians for current or past physical and/or sexual abuse. Parents/guardians of children were interviewed four times over a course of one year...
August 5, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806991/the-impact-of-an-educational-program-on-recognition-treatment-and-report-of-child-abuse
#5
Pietro Ferrara, Antonio Gatto, Nunzia Pia Manganelli, Francesca Ianniello, Maria Elisa Amodeo, Maria Amato, Ida Giardino, Antonio Chiaretti
BACKGROUND: Pediatricians play a crucial role in the identification and management of child abuse and neglect (CAN) but they often don't have a formal specialized training. METHODS: We analysed retrospectively data about patients, 0 - 18 years of age, victims of CAN between 1 April 2005 and 30 April 2015. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of a multidisciplinary educational program, "CAN: prevention strategies, individuation and treatment", on the knowledge, case recognition, treatment and follow-up of physicians of Gemelli University Hospital in Rome, regarding physical, sexual abuse and neglect...
August 14, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803093/parental-reflective-functioning-as-a-moderator-of-child-internalizing-difficulties-in-the-context-of-child-sexual-abuse
#6
Karin Ensink, Michaël Bégin, Lina Normandin, Peter Fonagy
The objective was to examine pathways from child sexual abuse (CSA) and maternal mentalizing to child internalizing and externalizing difficulties and to test a model of MRF as a moderator of the relationships between CSA and child difficulties. The sample was comprised of 154 mothers and children aged 2-12 where 64 children had experienced CSA. To assess parental mentalizing the Parental Development Interview was rated with the Parental Reflective Functioning Scale. Child internalizing and externalizing difficulties were assessed with the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL)...
July 26, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803002/the-characteristics-of-reports-to-the-police-of-child-sexual-abuse-and-the-likelihood-of-cases-proceeding-to-prosecution-after-delays-in-reporting
#7
Judy Cashmore, Alan Taylor, Patrick Parkinson
Delays in disclosing and reporting child sexual abuse to the police are common, particularly among males and those who have been abused by clergy and others in a position of trust. This study, commissioned by the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse, examined the patterns of timely and delayed reporting of sexual offences against children, and the likelihood of legal action commencing. De-identified unit record data for all sexual offences against children reported to the police over 20 years were obtained from official crime statistics agencies in two Australian states...
August 9, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789816/optimising-implementation-of-reforms-to-better-prevent-and-respond-to-child-sexual-abuse-in-institutions-insights-from-public-health-regulatory-theory-and-australia-s-royal-commission
#8
Ben Mathews
The Australian Royal Commission Into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse has identified multiple systemic failures to protect children in government and non-government organizations providing educational, religious, welfare, sporting, cultural, arts and recreational activities. Its recommendations for reform will aim to ensure organizations adopt more effective and ethical measures to prevent, identify and respond to child sexual abuse. However, apart from the question of what measures institutions should adopt, an under-explored question is how to implement and regulate those measures...
August 5, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776181/-healthcare-situation-for-children-adolescent-and-adult-victims-of-sexual-violence-in-germany-a%C3%A2-critical-overview
#9
REVIEW
Silke Pawils, Susanne Nick, Franka Metzner, Annett Lotzin, Ingo Schäfer
In Germany, since 2010 the debate regarding sexual assault victims, additionally due to extensive activities of the independent commissioner for questions regarding sexual abuse of children (Unabhängiger Beauftragter für Fragen des sexuellen Kindesmissbrauchs, UBSKM), has received increased attention from the public and the healthcare system. Sexual violence is a burdening experience regardless of age and can have a lasting impact on the physical, psychological and/or social life of victims. Empirically, it has been found that more than half of the adult population suffering from mental disorders have experienced sexual abuse in childhood and adolescence...
August 3, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771417/oral-and-dental-aspects-of-child-abuse-and-neglect
#10
Susan A Fisher-Owens, James L Lukefahr, Anupama Rao Tate
In all 50 states, health care providers (including dentists) are mandated to report suspected cases of abuse and neglect to social service or law enforcement agencies. The purpose of this report is to review the oral and dental aspects of physical and sexual abuse and dental neglect in children and the role of pediatric care providers and dental providers in evaluating such conditions. This report addresses the evaluation of bite marks as well as perioral and intraoral injuries, infections, and diseases that may raise suspicion for child abuse or neglect...
August 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760727/randomized-trial-comparing-the-electronic-composite-psychosocial-screener-youthchat-with-a-clinician-interview-assessment-for-young-people-a-study-protocol
#11
Hiran Thabrew, Arden Corter, Felicity Goodyear-Smith, Mary Goldfinch
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial problems such as depression, anxiety, and substance abuse are common and burdensome in young people, particularly those with long-term physical conditions such as asthma and diabetes. In New Zealand, "screening" for such problems is undertaken routinely only with Year 9 students in low-decile schools and opportunistically in pediatric settings using a nonvalidated and time-consuming clinician-administered Home, Education/employment, Eating, Activity, Drugs, Sexuality, Suicide/depression, Safety (HEEADSSS) interview...
July 31, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753119/advocacy-journey-promoting-child-sexual-abuse-prevention-in-hong-kong
#12
Monit Cheung, Carol A Leung, Elaine Suk-Ching Liu
In a country without a mandatory child abuse reporting system, advocacy for child welfare law can be a tedious and difficult process. This article documents a 10-year advocacy journey based on the capacity-building concept in social sustainability theory which aims to: raise public awareness of child sexual abuse, provide an idea for branding an inquiry column, and connect advocacy efforts to law reforms. Over the past decade in Hong Kong, a total of 336 public inquiries were anonymously sent to Wu Miu Column and published in three local major newspapers...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752249/-treatment-structures-for-men-with-pedosexual-problems
#13
REVIEW
Georg Stolpmann, Peer Briken, Jürgen L Müller
Pedophilia is defined as a persistent or dominating sexual preference for prepubescent children characterized by persistent thoughts, fantasies, urges, sexual arousal and behavior. Less than 50% of all child abusers fulfill the diagnostic criteria and an even smaller part exclusively has a preference for children. Following psychiatric classification systems, pedophilia must be distinguished from child sexual abuse. Outpatient treatment and treatment in forensic psychiatry clinics, sociotherapeutic facilities and in correction facilities are different aspects of prevention...
July 27, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746343/an-analysis-of-retrospective-and-repeat-prospective-reports-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-from-the-south-african-birth-to-twenty-plus-cohort
#14
Sara N Naicker, Shane A Norris, Musawenkosi Mabaso, Linda M Richter
Most studies rely on cross-sectional retrospective reports from adult samples to collect information about adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) to examine relationships with adult outcomes. The problems associated with these reports have long been debated, with only a few studies determining their reliability and validity and fewer still reaching consensus on the matter. This paper uses repeat prospective and retrospective reports of adverse childhood experiences from two respondent sources in the South African Birth to Twenty Plus (Bt20+) cohort to explore agreement and concordance in the prospective reporting of ACEs by caregivers and respective children as adolescents and then as young adults...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715937/offense-processes-of-online-sexual-grooming-and-abuse-of-children-via-internet-communication-platforms
#15
Juliane A Kloess, Catherine E Hamilton-Giachritsis, Anthony R Beech
The aim of the present study was to provide an inclusive and realistic account of the offense processes of naturally occurring, sexually exploitative interactions between offenders and victims that took place via Internet communication platforms, and develop an offense process diagram of online sexual grooming and abuse. Five case series, comprising 29 transcripts of 22 interactions, were analyzed using the qualitative approach of thematic analysis. Police reports were reviewed for descriptive and case-specific information...
July 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715275/twice-silenced-the-underreporting-of-child-sexual-abuse-in-orthodox-jewish-communities
#16
David Katzenstein, Lisa Aronson Fontes
Child sexual abuse remains an underreported crime throughout the world, despite extensive research and resources dedicated both to improving investigative techniques and helping children disclose their experiences. The discovery of rampant cover-ups within the Catholic Church has exposed some of the ways religious and cultural issues can impede reporting to authorities. This article examines specific factors that contribute to the underreporting of child sexual abuse within Orthodox Jewish communities. It also explores ways in which these communities have handled child sexual abuse reporting in the past and describes recent progress...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712590/intelligence-is-associated-with-voluntary-disclosure-in-child-sexual-abuse-victims
#17
Seung Min Bae, Jae Myeong Kang, In Cheol Hwang, Hyeongrae Cho, Seong-Jin Cho
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was (1) to determine whether intelligence level is associated with the pattern of the disclosure and (2) to elucidate which, between the verbal and performance intelligence, better reflect the pattern of disclosure in child and adolescent sexual abuse victims. METHODS: Data were collected on 162 participants who visited a public center for sexually abused children and adolescents between January 2013 and December 2014. Demographic information, case characteristics, and disclosure pattern as well as intelligence quotients (IQs) of subjects were gathered...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711745/child-maltreatment-and-age-of-alcohol-and-marijuana-initiation-in-high-risk-youth
#18
Laura J Proctor, Terri Lewis, Scott Roesch, Richard Thompson, Alan J Litrownik, Diana English, Amelia M Arria, Patricia Isbell, Howard Dubowitz
INTRODUCTION: Youth with a history of child maltreatment use substances and develop substance use disorders at rates above national averages. Thus far, no research has examined pathways from maltreatment to age of substance use initiation for maltreated youth. We examined the longitudinal impact of maltreatment in early childhood on age of alcohol and marijuana use initiation, and whether internalizing and externalizing behaviors at age 8 mediates the link between maltreatment and age of substance use initiation...
June 30, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700382/mandatory-reporting-of-intimate-partner-violence-an-ethical-dilemma-for-forensic-nurses
#19
Rosalyn M Walker
Nearly all states and provinces have laws mandating licensed healthcare professionals to report to law enforcement suspicions and allegations of the abuse of children, older adults, and disabled persons and all incidents of violence by a deadly weapon. However, a few states in the United States additionally mandate providers to report all injuries resultant from reported or suspected domestic/intimate partner violence. This can present a challenge to forensic nurses seeking to protect patient confidentiality and autonomy...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692832/prevalence-of-child-abuse-in-school-environment-in-kerala-india-an-icast-ci-based-survey
#20
Manoj Therayil Kumar, Sebind Kumar, Surendra P Singh, Nilamadhab Kar
Very few studies focus on childhood abuse in developing countries and only a small fraction of such studies explicitly deal with abuse in a school environment. The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of sexual, physical, and emotional abuse in a school environment in a developing country. Abuse history was collected using the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (ISPCAN) Child Abuse Screening Tool - Children's Institutional Version (ICAST-CI). Demographic variables were also collected...
July 7, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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