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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450663/children-s-doctor-games-and-nudity-at-danish-childcare-institutions
#1
Else-Marie Buch Leander, Per Lindsø Larsen, Karen Pallesgaard Munk
This article presents the first Danish study of the acceptance of children's nudity and sexuality at Danish childcare institutions. The study revealed an important cultural shift in the attitude toward children's nudity and sexual games, the so-called doctor games. Although these were quite accepted at Danish childcare institutions until the beginning of this century, the study showed that new, pervasive regulations had been established to control the child's body and its sexuality. A new discourse revealed that fear of child sexual abuse, in particular, had influenced views of children's sexual games and nudity and that, at times, the child itself was viewed as a potential threat to other children...
February 15, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437240/comparison-of-characteristics-of-female-drivers-with-single-and-multiple-dui-convictions
#2
Annah K Bender, Kathleen K Bucholz, Andrew C Heath, Vivia V McCutcheon
BACKGROUND: Women are increasingly involved in drunk driving and fatal crashes, yet except for the screening performed in criminal justice settings, little is known about their life context, psychiatric histories, and family backgrounds. This study describes a sample of women with histories of arrest for driving under the influence of alcohol (DUI) who were interviewed outside a criminal justice setting and contrasts women with single versus multiple DUI convictions. METHODS: Women with recent documented histories of DUI participated in a study of women's health behaviors...
February 13, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428880/multiple-traumas-and-resilience-among-street-children-in-haiti-psychopathology-of-survival
#3
Jude Mary Cénat, Daniel Derivois, Martine Hébert, Laetitia Mélissande Amédée, Amira Karray
In Haiti, as in several developing countries, the phenomenon of street children has become a major public health issue. These children are often victims of traumas and adverse life events. This article aimed to investigate traumas experienced by street children and their coping and resilience strategies used to deal with adversities in a logic of survival, relying on a mixed method approach. A group of 176 street children, aged 7-18 (n = 21 girls), recruited in Port-au-Prince, completed measures assessing PTSD, social support and resilience...
February 8, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422230/commercial-sexual-exploitation-of-children-health-care-use-and-case-characteristics
#4
Gail Hornor, Jennifer Sherfield
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe pediatric health care utilization, familial psychosocial factors, child sexual abuse case characteristics, and patient demographic characteristics of adolescents prior to or at the time of their most recent identification as a victim of commercialized sexual exploitation of children (CSEC). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for the above detailed information of all adolescents presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) or Child Advocacy Center (CAC) of a pediatric hospital with concerns of suspected CSEC...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413144/sexual-risk-behavior-among-youth-with-bipolar-disorder-identifying-demographic-and-clinical-risk-factors
#5
Megan Krantz, Tina Goldstein, Brian Rooks, John Merranko, Fangzi Liao, Mary Kay Gill, Rasim Diler, Danella Hafeman, Neal Ryan, Benjamin Goldstein, Shirley Yen, Heather Hower, Jeffrey Hunt, Martin Keller, Michael Strober, David Axelson, Boris Birmaher
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to document rates of sexual activity among youth with bipolar spectrum disorder (BD) and to examine demographic and clinical factors associated with first sexual activity and sexual risk behavior during follow-up. METHOD: The sample was drawn from the Course and Outcome of Bipolar Youth (COBY) study of 413 youth 7 to 17 years at baseline who met criteria for bipolar spectrum disorder according to the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Aged Children...
February 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412417/factors-associated-with-child-sexual-abuse-confirmation-at-forensic-examinations
#6
Welington Dos Santos Silva, Filipe Moraes Ribeiro, Gabriel Kamei Guimarães, Matheus de Sá Dos Santos, Victor Porfírio Dos Santos Almeida, Ubirajara de Oliveira Barroso-Junior
The aim of this study is identify potential factors associated with child sexual abuse confirmation at forensic examinations. The forensic files of children under 12 years of age reporting sexual abuse at the Nina Rodrigues Institute of Forensic Medicine in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil between January 2008 and December 2009 were reviewed. A multivariate analysis was conducted to identify factors associated with finding evidence of sexual abuse in forensic examinations. The proportion of cases confirmed by the forensic physician based on material evidence was 10...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411347/child-sexual-abuse-as-an-etiological-factor-of-overweight-and-eating-disorders-considerations-for-primary-health-care-providers
#7
Justyna Opydo-Szymaczek, Grażyna Jarząbek-Bielecka, Witold Kędzia, Maria Borysewicz-Lewicka
Despite the recognition of the clinical importance of child sexual abuse, primary health care providers are often not ad-equately prepared to perform medical evaluations and diagnose child sexual maltreatment. Paper presents basic symptoms and signs of CSA, which may suggest the need for further patient's diagnosis and referral. Since the great majority of sexually abused children do not have any abnormal physical findings, special attention is paid to the silent warning signs of CSA, such as changes in attitude towards own body and eating habits...
2018: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409489/intimate-partner-sexual-violence-and-risk-for-femicide-suicidality-and-substance-use-among-women-in-antenatal-care-and-general-out-patients-in-thailand
#8
Supa Pengpid, Karl Peltzer, Orapin Laosee, Kawinarat Suthisukon
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the occurrence and health consequences of intimate partner sexual assault. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and correlates of sexual assault in the context of intimate partner violence (IPV) in Thailand. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey adult female participants were systematically screened (self-administered or interview administered) for IPV in antenatal care and general outpatient clinics in nine randomly selected hospitals in two provinces in the central region...
February 6, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405853/keep-faith-in-yourself-a-pilot-study-on-the-relevance-of-specific-self-efficacy-for-modifying-sexual-interest-in-children-among-men-with-a-risk-to-sexually-abuse-children
#9
Safiye Tozdan, Anna Kalt, Livia B Keller, Professor Peer Briken
Among 26 pedophilic/hebephilic men, we investigated (1) the relationship between 'specific self-efficacy for modifying a sexual interest in children' (SSIC) and actual sexual interest in children and (2) whether changes of SSIC are associated with changes of sexual interest in children. Results showed that the more clients believe they are able to influence their sexual interest in children, the less strong they perceive their sexual interest in children. Furthermore, an increase of SSIC is associated with a decrease of the sexual interest in children...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380089/young-adult-retrospective-reports-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-prevalence-of-physical-emotional-and-sexual-abuse-in-italy
#10
Laura Elvira Prino, Claudio Longobardi, Michele Settanni
This study sought to understand the prevalence of childhood abuse in Italy using an instrument developed by the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (ISPCAN) and adapted to the Italian context. The study participants were 312 young adults, 106 males (34%), and 206 females (64%), aged 18-24 years, from various northwest Italian universities and workplaces, using an ISPCAN Child Abuse Screening Tool retrospective questionnaire (ICAST-R). With reference to comparative data from other countries, the Italian context reveals a high incidence of emotional abuse (62%) followed by physical abuse (44%) and sexual abuse (18%)...
January 29, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369650/parental-attitudes-following-disclosure-of-sibling-sexual-abuse-a-child-advocacy-center-intervention-study
#11
Dafna Tener, Efrat Lusky, Noam Tarshish, Shosh Turjeman
Sibling sexual abuse (SSA) represents a range of childhood sexual behaviors that cannot be considered manifestations of age-appropriate curiosity. Despite being the commonest and longest lasting form of sexual abuse within the family, SSA is the least reported, treated, and researched. This qualitative study is based on a sample of 60 mostly religious Jewish families referred to a child advocacy center (CAC) in Jerusalem from 2010 to 2015. It examines parental attitudes to SSA and their reconstruction, during and after their experience at the CAC...
January 25, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368989/attachment-representations-in-sexually-abused-preschoolers-a-comparative-study
#12
Florence Charest, Martine Hébert, Annie Bernier
Attachment theory provides a relevant framework for understanding the psychosocial adjustment of victims of child sexual abuse (CSA). However, most studies have been conducted among adult populations and none have focused on the impact of both preschoolers' and mothers' experience of sexual abuse on attachment security. The aim of this study was to compare attachment representations in sexually abused (n = 258) and non-abused preschoolers (n = 133), and to explore the relation between maternal history of CSA and children's attachment representations...
January 25, 2018: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367097/children-s-trauma-related-symptoms-following-complex-trauma-exposure-evidence-of-gender-differences
#13
Rachel Wamser-Nanney, Kathryn E Cherry
Complex trauma exposure has been operationalized as multiple or chronic interpersonal traumas that begin early in life and is thought to result in widespread self-regulation difficulties across several domains of functioning. Prior research has demonstrated that there are gender differences in trauma exposure as well as trauma-related symptoms; however, gender discrepancies have not previously been examined in the context of child survivors of complex trauma. The aim of the present study was to determine whether there are gender differences in both caregiver and child-reported trauma exposure and symptoms among 167 children who have experienced complex trauma (3-18 years, M = 9...
January 19, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365106/psychosocial-adversity-and-socioeconomic-position-during-childhood-and-epigenetic-age-analysis-of-two-prospective-cohort-studies
#14
Rebecca B Lawn, Emma L Anderson, Matthew Suderman, Andrew J Simpkin, Tom R Gaunt, Andrew E Teschendorff, Martin Widschwendter, Rebecca Hardy, Diana Kuh, Caroline L Relton, Laura D Howe
Psychosocial adversity in childhood (e.g. abuse) and low socioeconomic position (SEP) can have significant lasting effects on social and health outcomes. DNA methylation-based biomarkers are highly correlated with chronological age; departures of methylation-predicted age from chronological age can be used to define a measure of age acceleration, which may represent a potential biological mechanism linking environmental exposures to later health outcomes. Using data from two cohorts of women (the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, ALSPAC, N = 989 and MRC National Survey of Health and Development, NSHD, N = 773), we assessed associations of SEP, psychosocial adversity in childhood (parental physical or mental illness or death, parental separation, parental absence, sub-optimal maternal bonding, sexual, emotional and physical abuse and neglect) and a cumulative score of these psychosocial adversity measures, with DNA methylation age acceleration in adulthood (measured in peripheral blood at mean chronological ages 29 and 47 in ALSPAC and buccal cells at age 53 in NSHD)...
January 22, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346067/the-association-between-child-maltreatment-and-adult-poverty-a-systematic-review-of-longitudinal-research
#15
Lisa Bunting, Gavin Davidson, Claire McCartan, Jennifer Hanratty, Paul Bywaters, Will Mason, Nicole Steils
Child maltreatment is a global problem affecting millions of children and is associated with an array of cumulative negative outcomes later in life, including unemployment and financial difficulties. Although establishing child maltreatment as a causal mechanism for adult economic outcomes is fraught with difficulty, understanding the relationship between the two is essential to reducing such inequality. This paper presents findings from a systematic review of longitudinal research examining experiences of child maltreatment and economic outcomes in adulthood...
January 12, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340954/the-cultural-epigenesis-of-gender-based-violence-in-cambodia-local-and-buddhist-perspectives
#16
Maurice Eisenbruch
Almost one in four women in Cambodia is a victim of physical, emotional or sexual violence. The study aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the ways in which Cambodians see its causes and effects and to identify and analyse the cultural forces that underpin and shape its landscape. An ethnographic study was carried out with 102 perpetrators and survivors of emotional, physical and sexual violence against women and 228 key informants from the Buddhist and healing sectors. Their views and experiences of it were recorded-the popular idioms expressed and the symptoms of distress experienced by survivors and perpetrators...
January 16, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331637/development-of-a-multi-dimensional-scale-to-measure-trauma-associated-with-child-sexual-abuse-mscsa-and-its-ramifying-impacts-on-children-a-pilot-study
#17
Vandana Choudhary, Sujata Satapathy, Rajesh Sagar
BACKGROUND: With the rising incidence of CSA in India and absence of culturally competent tool to assess the impact of trauma, there is a dire need for development of a comprehensive scale to assess the impact of trauma on children. Thus, the present study aims to develop a multi-dimensional CSA tool for children aged between 7 and 13 years. METHOD: Qualitative research method of FGD/Key Interviews with 4 group participants (Parents, counsellors, mental health and medical professionals) and in-depth interview with children having history of CSA was conducted along with item pooling from existing scales...
January 4, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330640/is-contact-with-children-related-to-legitimizing-beliefs-toward-sex-with-children-among-men-with-pedophilia
#18
Max Geradt, Sara Jahnke, Julia Heinz, Jürgen Hoyer
Among pedophilic men, social contact with children has been discussed as creating a risk situation for sexual abuse. Also, pedophilic men searching for such contact are seen as harboring more beliefs legitimizing sexual contact with children. However, social contact may also decrease false beliefs. We tested these competing views in an anonymous Internet survey with a non-forensic, non-clinical sample of 104 self-classified pedophilic men. Results showed that both increased social and physical contact were significantly linked to fewer legitimizing beliefs toward sex with children, even when controlling for past psychotherapy, educational level, social desirability, and age...
February 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324273/a-situational-crime-prevention-analysis-of-anglican-clergy-s-child-protective-practices
#19
Michael Andre Guerzoni
To date, a predominant focus within the field of 'clerical collar crime' has revolved around institutional-level church responses to child sexual abuse events, survivors and offenders. Comparatively, little attention has been directed towards the micro-level and in particular, examining clerical responses to child sexual abuse. This article presents empirical findings concerning the 'everyday' child protective practices of Anglican clergy in the Diocese of Tasmania, Australia. Research data was acquired through open-ended qualitative interviews conducted with a sample of 34 clergy in a broader study of clerical culture, habitus and life amidst the 'church abuse crisis'...
January 8, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306982/persistent-and-transitory-sexualized-behavior-problems-in-children
#20
K Ensink, N Godbout, N Bigras, J Lampron, S Sabourin, L Normandin
The aim of this longitudinal study was to examine the course of sexualized behavior problems (SBP) over 2 years in a sample comprised of 104 children aged 2-12, including 62 children with histories of child sexual abuse (CSA). Parents completed questionnaires assessing SBP, internalizing and externalizing difficulties at baseline, as well as 2 years later. In more than half (56.7%) of children with clinically significant SBP at baseline, sexualized behaviors persisted and remained at a clinically significant level over time...
January 6, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
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