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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533610/effects-of-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-on-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-symptoms-cipn-a-preliminary-case-control-study
#1
Tania Tonezzer, Leonardo Affonso Massabki Caffaro, Katiuscia Rosette Scasni Menon, Fabíola Cristina Brandini da Silva, Christina May Moran de Brito, Almir José Sarri, Raquel Aparecida Casarotto
[Purpose] The aim of this double-blind, randomized and placebo-controlled study is to investigate the effects of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation for reducing the side effects of Chemotherapy-induced Peripheral Neuropathy in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy with oxaloplatin or paclitaxel. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-four patients were randomly allocated into two groups: active or placebo stimulation. All patients were assessed for pain, numbness/tingiling, frequency of symptoms, and quality of life...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518084/subcutaneous-trigeminal-nerve-field-stimulation-for-refractory-facial-pain
#2
Martin Jakobs, Sigrid Schuh-Hofer, Andreas Unterberg, Rezvan Ahmadi
Chronic or neuropathic trigeminal facial pain can be challenging to treat. Neurosurgical procedures should be applied when conservative treatment fails. Neuromodulation techniques for chronic facial pain include deep brain stimulation and motor cortex stimulation, which are complex to perform. Subcutaneous nerve field stimulation is certified for chronic back pain and is the least invasive form of neuromodulation. We applied this technique to treat chronic and neuropathic trigeminal pain as an individual therapy concept...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514777/direct-measurement-of-tissue-oxygenation-in-neonates-via-resonance-raman-spectroscopy-a-pilot-study
#3
Anjali Iyengar, Andrew Gaillardetz, Hocine Tighiouart, Betsabee Castillo, Padraic Romfh, Jonathan M Davis
BACKGROUND: The ability to monitor tissue oxygenation in neonates remains a challenge due to limited blood supply and the reliance on invasive procedures. Resonance Raman spectroscopy noninvasively measures tissue oxygenation (RRS-StO2). Peripheral tissue oxygenation using this novel technology has not been described in neonates. OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between short-term RRS-StO2 measurements and central venous saturation (ScvO2) and pulse oximetry (SpO2) in preterm and term neonates...
May 18, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511417/effectiveness-of-a-four-week-diet-regimen-exercise-and-psychological-intervention-for-weight-loss
#4
Tobias Weinreich, Hans-Peter Filz, Ursula Gresser, Barbara M Richartz
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is accompanied by restriction in the quality of life and an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Cardiovascular, orthopedic, and metabolic disorders are among the possible consequences. In the management of obesity, a combination therapy that includes dietary, exercise, and behaviour modules has proven its worth. AIM: To evaluate the effect of weight-associated parameters, circulation associated parameters, glucose metabolism, body composition and life quality changes within a four-week inpatient rehabilitation program...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507428/propranolol-therapy-for-infantile-hemangioma-our-experience
#5
Ling Zhang, Hai-Wei Wu, Weien Yuan, Jia-Wei Zheng
OBJECTIVE: Hemangiomas are the most common benign vascular tumors of infancy. Although most infantile hemangiomas (IHs) have the ability to involute spontaneously after initial proliferation and resolve without consequence, intervention is required in a subset of IHs, which develop complications resulting in ulceration, bleeding, or aesthetic deformity. The primary treatment for this subset of IHs is pharmacological intervention, and propranolol has become the new first-line treatment for complicated hemangiomas...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502493/the-effect-of-maximal-vs-submaximal-exertion-on-postprandial-lipid-levels-in-individuals-with-and-without-coronary-heart-disease
#6
David M Aronov, Marina G Bubnova, Natalia V Perova, Alexander N Orekhov, Yuri V Bobryshev
BACKGROUND: Decisions about fat consumption and levels of physical activity are among the everyday choices we make in life and risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) can be affected by those choices. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of a standard fat load combined with physical exertion of different intensities on the plasma lipid profile of CHD patients and CHD-free individuals. METHODS: This study looked at the influence of different intensities of physical exercise on postprandial lipid metabolism in 20 healthy men and 36 men with diagnosis of CHD...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500462/perfusion-index-and-left-ventricular-output-correlation-in-healthy-term-infants
#7
Iuri Corsini, Alessandra Cecchi, Caterina Coviello, Carlo Dani
Perfusion index (PI) is a non-invasive marker of peripheral perfusion which is detected by an oximeter. We aimed to assess the correlation between PI and left ventricular output (LVO) in healthy term infants at the time of the screening for congenital heart disease (CHD). PI was measured at 48 ± 2 h of life in the infant's right hand (PIrh) and in 1 foot (PIf) contemporary to SpO2 for CHD screening. Heart ultrasound was performed immediately after the screening procedure for measuring LVO. Forty-nine healthy term infants were studied...
May 12, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495874/cranking-up-the-heat-relationships-between-energetically-costly-song-features-and-the-increase-in-thorax-temperature-in-male-crickets-and-katydids
#8
B Erregger, H Kovac, A Stabentheiner, M Hartbauer, H Römer, A K D Schmidt
Sexual displays of acoustically signalling insects are used in the context of mate attraction and mate choice. While energetic investment in sound production can increase the reproductive success of the sender, this entails metabolic costs. Resource allocation into sexually selected, reproductive traits can trade off against allocation to naturally selected traits (e.g., growth, immunity) when individuals' energy budgets are limited. Estimating the magnitude of the costs invested in acoustic signalling is necessary to understand this trade-off and its influence on fitness and life-history...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486654/oxygen-availability-and-nursing-capacity-for-oxygen-therapy-in-ugandan-paediatric-wards
#9
Juliet Nabwire, Sophie Namasopo, Michael Hawkes
Oxygen is essential, life-saving, supportive treatment for children with hypoxaemia but is not available in many resource-constrained health facilities. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of oxygen availability and nurses' skills for oxygen administration at the paediatric wards of 11 district hospitals in eastern Uganda. Functional oxygen delivery was available at the paediatric wards of only 2 of 11 (18%) hospitals. Of the six concentrators found, two did not function at all and two produced a stream of O2 <80% pure...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485522/effects-of-1-month-withdrawal-of-ventilatory-support-in-hypercapnic-myotonic-dystrophy-type-1
#10
Fergal J O'Donoghue, Jean-Christian Borel, Yves Dauvilliers, Patrick Levy, Renaud Tamisier, Jean-Louis Pépin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The benefits of domiciliary non-invasive ventilation (NIV) in myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) are unclear. We sought to determine the effects of elective discontinuation of ventilatory support for 1 month in DM1 patients receiving NIV for chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure. METHODS: At baseline, 12 patients underwent polysomnography, and assessment of subjective (Epworth Sleepiness Scale) and objective (Oxford Sleep Resistance Test) sleepiness, fatigue (Fatigue Severity Scale), respiratory function including muscle strength, arterial blood gas (ABG), hypercapnic ventilatory response (HCVR), Blood Pressure, peripheral arterial tonometry (PAT) and pulse wave velocity (PWV)...
May 9, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485457/a-wearable-strain-sensor-based-on-a-carbonized-nano-sponge-silicone-composite-for-human-motion-detection
#11
Xiao-Guang Yu, Yuan-Qing Li, Wei-Bin Zhu, Pei Huang, Tong-Tong Wang, Ning Hu, Shao-Yun Fu
Melamine sponge, also known as nano-sponge, is widely used as an abrasive cleaner in our daily life. In this work, the fabrication of a wearable strain sensor for human motion detection is first demonstrated with a commercially available nano-sponge as a starting material. The key resistance sensitive material in the wearable strain sensor is obtained by the encapsulation of a carbonized nano-sponge (CNS) with silicone resin. The as-fabricated CNS/silicone sensor is highly sensitive to strain with a maximum gauge factor of 18...
May 9, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482930/fatal-monomorphic-ventricular-tachycardia-in-a-semi-urban-setting-in-cameroon-a-case-report
#12
Clovis Nkoke, Engelbert Bain Luchuo, Laetitia Dikoume
BACKGROUND: Ventricular tachycardia is a life threatening cardiac arrhythmia. It needs management with defibrillation, without which, immediate death may occur. CASE PRESENTATION: A 66 year old black African patient with a 2 year history of hypertension was admitted to the emergency department of the Buea Regional hospital, a semi-urban setting in Cameroon, after presenting with syncope while in church. The wife described a similar episode 2 weeks prior without any further evaluation...
May 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477002/biosynthesis-of-silver-nanoparticles-using-artemisia-annua-callus-for-inhibiting-stem-end-bacteria-in-cut-carnation-flowers
#13
Qian Hua Xia, Li Ping Zheng, Pei Fei Zhao, Jian Wen Wang
A biological method for synthesising silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) was developed using the callus extracts from Artemisia annua L. under sunlight at 25,000 lx. The AgNPs were characterised using transmission electron microscopy, atomic force microscope, X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The AgNPs were mostly spherical with the size of 2.1 to 45.2 nm (average 10.9 nm). Pulse treatments of AgNPs at 125, 250 and 500 mg/l for 1 h extended vase life of cut carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus cv...
March 2017: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467955/the-impact-of-currently-recommended-antihypertensive-therapy-on-depression-and-other-psychometric-parameters-preliminary-communication
#14
Beata Korosi, Andrea Laszlo, Adam Tabak, Dora Batta, Lilla Lenart, Andrea Fekete, Daniel Eorsi, Orsolya Cseprekal, Andras Tisler, Zsofia Nemcsik-Bencze, Xenia Gonda, Zoltan Rihmer, Janos Nemcsik
AIMS: Current evidence on the psychological effects of antihypertensive medications is controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of current antihypertensive medication on different psychometric parameters and on serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) level. METHODS: Psychometric, haemodynamic, arterial stiffness and laboratory parameters were evaluated before and 3 months after the initiation of antihypertensive medication in untreated hypertensive patients (HT, n=31), and once in healthy controls (CONT, n=22)...
March 2017: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467859/the-novel-combination-of-theophylline-and-bambuterol-as-a-potential-treatment-of-hypoxemia-in-humans
#15
Trond-Eirik Strand, Hasse Khiabani-Zare, Alina Boico, Daniel R Radiloff, Yulin Zhao, Karyn Hamilton, Uwe Christians, Jelena Klawitter, Robert J Noveck, Claude A Piantadosi, Christopher Bell, David C Irwin, Thies Schroeder
Hypoxemia can be life-threatening both, acutely and chronically. Because hypoxemia causes vascular dysregulation that further restricts oxygen availability to tissue, it can be pharmacologically addressed. We hypothesized that theophylline can be safely combined with the β2 adrenergic vasodilator bambuterol to improve oxygen availability in hypoxemic patients. Ergogenicity and hemodynamic effects of bambuterol and theophylline were measured in rats under hypobaric and normobaric hypoxia (12% O2). Feasibility in humans was assessed using randomized, double-blind testing of the influence of combined slow-release theophylline (300 mg) and bambuterol (20mg) on adverse events (AEs), plasma K+, pulse, blood pressure, and drug interaction...
May 3, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466552/greater-occipital-nerve-treatment-in-the-management-of-spontaneous-intracranial-hypotension-headache-a-case-report
#16
G Niraj, Peter Critchley, Mahesh Kodivalasa, Mohammed Dorgham
BACKGROUND: Clinical presentation of spontaneous intracranial hypotension headache (SIHH) has similarities with postdural puncture headache (PDPH). Recommended treatment for both conditions is an epidural blood patch. Successful outcomes following greater occipital nerve blocks have been reported in the management of PDPH. We present the first report of greater occipital nerve treatment in SIHH. METHODS: A 40-year-old male presented with a 2-year history of daily postural headaches having a significant impact on quality of life...
May 2, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458893/successful-treatment-of-thyroid-storm-presenting-as-recurrent-cardiac-arrest-and-subsequent-multiorgan-failure-by-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy
#17
Han Soo Park, Su Kyoung Kwon, Ye Na Kim
SUMMARY: Thyroid storm is a rare and potentially life-threatening medical emergency. We experienced a case of thyroid storm associated with sepsis caused by pneumonia, which had a catastrophic course including recurrent cardiac arrest and subsequent multiple organ failure (MOF). A 22-year-old female patient with a 10-year history of Graves' disease was transferred to our emergency department (ED). She had a cardiac arrest at her home and a second cardiac arrest at the ED. Her heart recovered after 20 min of cardiac resuscitation...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454842/inactivation-of-planktonic-escherichia-coli-by-focused-2-mhz-ultrasound
#18
Andrew A Brayman, Brian E MacConaghy, Yak-Nam Wang, Keith T Chan, Wayne L Monsky, Anna J McClenny, Thomas J Matula
This study was motivated by the desire to develop a non-invasive means to treat abscesses, and represents the first steps toward that goal. Non-thermal, high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) was used to inactivate Escherichia coli (∼1 × 10(9) cells/mL) in suspension. Cells were treated in 96-well culture plate wells using 1.95-MHz ultrasound and incident focal acoustic pressures as high as 16 MPa peak positive and 9.9 MPa peak negative (free field measurements). The surviving fraction was assessed by coliform culture and the alamarBlue assay...
April 25, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454553/ambulatory-oxygen-in-fibrotic-lung-disease-ambox-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Dina Visca, Vicky Tsipouri, Letizia Mori, Ashi Firouzi, Sharon Fleming, Morag Farquhar, Elizabeth Leung, Toby M Maher, Paul Cullinan, Nick Hopkinson, Athol U Wells, Winston Banya, Jennifer A Whitty, Huzaifa Adamali, Lisa G Spencer, Piersante Sestini, Elisabetta A Renzoni
BACKGROUND: Fibrotic interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) are chronic and often progressive conditions resulting in substantial morbidity and mortality. Shortness of breath, a symptom often linked to oxygen desaturation on exertion, is tightly linked to worsening quality of life in these patients. Although ambulatory oxygen is used empirically in their treatment, there are no ILD-specific guidelines on its use. To our knowledge, no studies are available on the effects of ambulatory oxygen on day-to-day life in patients with ILD...
April 28, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453570/contrasting-effects-of-heat-pulses-on-different-trophic-levels-an-experiment-with-a-herbivore-parasitoid-model-system
#20
Stijn J J Schreven, Enric Frago, Annemiek Stens, Peter W de Jong, Joop J A van Loon
Under predicted global climate change, species will be gradually exposed to warmer temperatures, and to a more variable climate including more intense and more frequent heatwaves. Increased climatic variability is expected to have different effects on species and ecosystems than gradual warming. A key challenge to predict the impact of climate change is to understand how temperature changes will affect species interactions. Herbivorous insects and their natural enemies belong to some of the largest groups of terrestrial animals, and thus they have a great impact on the functioning of ecosystems and on the services these ecosystems provide...
2017: PloS One
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