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Zunyue Zhang, Guohong Lin, Yujing Yan, Xiang Li, Yibing Hu, Jing Wang, Bingjiao Yin, Yaqun Wu, Zhuoya Li, Xiang-Ping Yang
Chemoresistance remains a major obstacle to successful treatment of breast cancer. Although soluble tumor necrosis factor-α (sTNF-α) has been implicated in mediating drug-resistance in human cancers, whether transmembrane tumor necrosis factor-α (tmTNF-α) plays a role in chemoresistance remains unclear. Here we found that over 50% of studied patients expressed tmTNF-α at high levels in breast cancer tissues and tmTNF-α expression positively correlated with resistance to anthracycline chemotherapy. Alteration of tmTNF-α expression changed the sensitivity of primary human breast cancer cells and breast cancer cell lines to doxorubicin (DOX)...
March 21, 2018: Oncogene
Buğra Çetin, Hüseyin Güleç, Hayal Ergin Toktaş, Özgür Ulutaş, Seda Güleç Yılmaz, Turgay İsbir
We aimed to investigate the changes in the objective and subjective sleep variables during painful episodes of fibromyalgia and post-episode period, and to evaluate the impact of the sleep variables on the current clinical, psychological, and immunologic parameters. Thirty-one consecutive patients who were referred to the Erenköy Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Polyclinic with a diagnosis of fibromyalgia were evaluated before and in the sixth week of the acute pain treatment. The sleep variables were measured by polysomnography, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and Epworth Sleepiness Scale...
March 3, 2018: Psychiatry Research
M I Maiorino, G Bellastella, D Giugliano, K Esposito
Metabolic diseases are associated with chronic low-grade inflammation, which has been indicated as a potential mediator of endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular disease. Visceral adiposity is thought to be the starting condition of the inflammatory state through the release of inflammatory cytokines, including TNF-alpha, CRP, and IL-6, which in turn promote endothelial dysfunction, endothelial expression of chemokines (IL-1) and adhesion molecules (ICAM-1, VCAM-1, and P-selectin), and the inhibition of anti-atherogenic factors (adiponectin)...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Jiangyong Gu, Li Li, Dongmei Wang, Wei Zhu, Ling Han, Ruizhi Zhao, Xiaojie Xu, Chuanjian Lu
Psoriasis vulgaris is a chronic inflammatory and immune-mediated skin disease. 44 metabonomics biomarkers were identified by high-throughput liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry in our previous work. To further explore the roles of metabonomics biomarkers in the pathogenesis of psoriasis, the metabonomics biomarker-enzyme network was constructed. The key metabonomics biomarkers and enzymes were screened out by network analysis. Long-chain fatty acids, phospholipids, Estradiol and NADH were the most important metabonomics biomarkers...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Medicine
N Stübiger, K Ruprecht, U Pleyer
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the brain and the spinal cord occurring mostly in young adults and is associated with temporary or permanent neurological deficits. An association between uveitis and MS has been recognized for a long time. Current data indicate an approximately 10 times higher prevalence of uveitis in patients with MS compared to the general population. In particular, MS is associated with intermediate uveitis and typically with concomitant retinal vasculitis...
March 13, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
Stuart K Kim, John P A Ioannidis, Marwa A Ahmed, Andrew L Avins, John P Kleimeyer, Michael Fredericson, Jason L Dragoo
Plantar fascial disorder is comprised of plantar fasciitis and plantar fibromatosis. Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of heel pain, especially for athletes involved in running and jumping sports. Plantar fibromatosis is a rare fibrous hyperproliferation of the deep connective tissue of the foot. To identify genetic loci associated with plantar fascial disorders, a genome-wide association screen was performed using publically available data from the Research Program in Genes, Environment and Health including 21,624 cases of plantar fascial disorders and 80,879 controls...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Zlatka Georgieva Dobreva, Boncho Grigorov Grigorov, Spaska Angelova Stanilova
BACKGROUND: Interleukin-18 (IL-18) and Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (TNF-α) are proinflammatory cytokines that increased the development of Th1 immune response, but have a different type of regulation of the gene expression. Whereas TNF-α has an inducible expression, IL-18 is translated as an inactive protein and required proteolytic cleavage by Casp-1 in inflammasome complexes. AIM: To investigate the effect of the histone deacetylases inhibitor Suberoylanilide Hydroxamic Acid (SAHA) on the gene expression and secretion of both cytokines, IL-18 and TNF-α, according to their contribution to the cancer development and anticancer immunity...
February 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Bao-Xia Li, Heng-Bang Wang, Miao-Zhen Qiu, Qiu-Yun Luo, Han-Jie Yi, Xiang-Lei Yan, Wen-Tao Pan, Lu-Ping Yuan, Yu-Xin Zhang, Jian-Hua Xu, Lin Zhang, Da-Jun Yang
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer is a deadly disease. Inhibitors of apoptosis proteins (IAPs) are key regulators of apoptosis and are frequently dysregulated in ovarian cancer. Overexpression of IAPs proteins has been correlated with tumorigenesis, treatment resistance and poor prognosis. Reinstalling functional cell death machinery by pharmacological inhibition of IAPs proteins may represent an attractive therapeutic strategy for treatment of ovarian cancer. METHODS: CCK-8 and colony formation assay was performed to examine cytotoxic activity...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Lin Yuan, Wanli Li, Qianqian Huo, Chenhong Du, Zhixiang Wang, Baodi Yi, Mingfa Wang
This study investigated the effects of xylo-oligosaccharide (XOS) and flavomycin (FLA) on the performance and immune function of broiler chickens. A total of 150 ArborAcres broilers were randomly divided into three groups and fed for six weeks from one day of age in cascade cages. The diets of each test group were (1) a basal diet, (2) the basal diet supplemented with 2 mg/kg FLA, and (3) the basal diet supplemented with 2 mg/kg XOS. At 21 and 42 days, the growth performance index values and short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) concentrations in the cecum were quantified...
2018: PeerJ
Irene Malkwitz, Angela Berndt, Arwid Daugschies, Berit Bangoura
Toxoplasma gondii is known to be able to infect any nucleated cell including immune cells like macrophages. In addition, it is assumed that macrophages serve as trojan horse during distribution in hosts. The underlying causes of parasite host interaction remain yet not fully understood. The aim of the present study was to investigate susceptibility of chicken macrophages to infection with T. gondii and the process of infection in avian cells in comparison to cells of mammalian origin. Primary avian blood monocyte-derived macrophages were infected with tachyzoites of type II (ME49) and III (NED) strains...
March 5, 2018: Experimental Parasitology
Mei-Chin Yin, Chiung-Hung Chang, Chiu-Hsian Su, Bi Yu, Yuan-Man Hsu
Pteris multifida (PM) and Cortex phellodendri (CP) are medicinal foods used for gastrointestinal protection. Lactic-acid bacteria are probiotics. Salmonella Typhimurium strain ST21-infected mice were used to examine the alleviative effects of two lactic-acid bacteria (LAB) as well as aqueous extracts of PM and CP for a 4-day treatment. CP and LAB decreased fecal ST counts. CP and PM reduced the ST21 count in the blood, intestine, and liver. LAB lowered the ST21 count in the intestine and spleen. CP and LAB decreased the IFN-gamma level; PM lowered the TNF-alpha level; and both LAB and PM reduced the IL-1beta level in serum...
March 8, 2018: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Justyna O Ekert, Rebecca L Gould, Gemma Reynolds, Robert J Howard
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of tumour necrosis factor-alpha inhibitors (TNF-αI) on Alzheimer's disease-associated pathology. DESIGN: A literature search of PubMed, Embase, PsychINFO, Web of Science, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library databases for human and animal studies that evaluated the use of TNF-αI was performed on 26 October 2016. RESULTS: The main outcomes assessed were cognition and behaviour, reduction in brain tissue mass, presence of plaques and tangles, and synaptic function...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Salam Pradeep Singh, Khumukcham Nongalleima, Ningthoujam Indrajit Singh, Pradip Doley, Chingakham Brajakisor Singh, Thiyam Ramsing Singh, Dinabandhu Sahoo
Zerumbone is a known anti-cancer herbal compound. However, the actual protein target is not fully understood or known. This investigation focus on the association of zerumbone in HCT116 colon cancer cell proliferation and its link with TNF-alpha. The study shows that with the increasing concentration of zerumbone, there was a reduction of HCT116 cells proliferation based on the cell line study and hence higher TNF-alpha inhibition based on the TNF-alpha assay. The study also emphasizes on the computational aspect by investigating the molecular docking analysis of zerumbone against TNF-alpha...
March 6, 2018: Scientific Reports
Masayuki Miyagi, Kentaro Uchida, Shotaro Takano, Hisako Fujimaki, Jun Aikawa, Hiroyuki Sekiguchi, Naoshige Nagura, Seiji Ohtori, Gen Inoue, Masashi Takaso
Upregulation of inflammatory cytokines and various growth factors is a significant contributor to discogenic low back pain. The aim of this study was to investigate possible regulation of pain-related molecules by macrophages and the role of macrophage-derived molecules in injured intervertebral disc (IVD)s. C57BL/6J mice were used in this study. We characterized the expression profiles of genes for tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-1beta, nerve growth factor (NGF), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in both intact and injured IVDs...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Sanaa Kamal, Khaled K Aldossari, Dhalia Ghoraba, Sara Mahmoud Abdelhakam, Amgad H Kamal, Mohamad Bedewi, Leila Nabegh, Khaled Bahnasy, Tamer Hafez
Objective: Concomitant non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and coeliac disease (CD) have not been adequately studied. This study investigated the frequency of CD among NAFLD patients and the clinicopathological and immunological patterns and outcome of concomitant NAFLD and CD. Design: This prospective longitudinal study screened patients with NAFLD for CD (tissue transglutaminase antibodies (TTGA); anti-TTGA and antiendomysial antibodies (EMA)). Patients with concomitant NAFLD and CD and patients with either NAFLD or CD were enrolled and followed...
2018: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
Yixin Zhang, Ningbo Xu, Yan Ding, Yiting Zhang, Qian Li, Jerry Flores, Mina Haghighiabyaneh, Desislava Doycheva, Jiping Tang, John H Zhang
Chemerin, an adipokine, has been reported to reduce the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and neutrophil infiltration. This study investigated the role of Chemerin and its natural receptor, ChemR23, as well as its downstream mediator calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase 2 (CAMKK2) /adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) /Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) following germinal matrix hemorrhage (GMH) in neonatal rats, with a specific focus on inflammation. GMH was induced by intraparenchymal injection of bacterial collagenase (0...
February 27, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Ling Ma, Yong Jiang, Yanan Dong, Jun Gao, Bin Du, Dianwei Liu
Background: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) can induce apoptosis in many regions of the brain including the cortex and hippocampus. However, few studies have focused on apoptosis in the hypothalamus after SAH. Although some antiapoptotic strategies have been developed for SAH, such as anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) antibody, the molecular mechanisms underlying this condition have yet to be elucidated. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate whether SAH could induce apoptosis in the hypothalamus and identify the potential molecular mechanisms underlying the actions of anti-TNF-α antibody, as a therapeutic regimen, upon apoptosis...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Lipeng Jing, Mianli Xiao, Hongli Dong, Jiesheng Lin, Gengdong Chen, Wenhua Ling, Yuming Chen
(1) Background: Carotenoids may be inversely associated with inflammatory markers (i.e., TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β). However, data are scarce on retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) in humans. We examined the associations among serum carotenoids, RBP4 and several inflammatory markers in a Chinese population. (2) Methods: This community-based cross-sectional study included 3031 participants (68% males) aged 40-75 years in Guangzhou, China. Serum concentrations of carotenoids, RBP4, and inflammatory markers were measured...
February 25, 2018: Nutrients
Dayane P de Araújo, Patrícia C N Nogueira, Alan Diego C Santos, Roberta de Oliveira Costa, Jalles D de Lucena, Carlos Vinicius Jataí Gadelha-Filho, Francisco Arnaldo V Lima, Kelly Rose T Neves, Luzia Kalyne Almeida M Leal, Edilberto R Silveira, Glauce S B Viana
OBJECTIVES: Aspidosperma species are used for several diseases, especially for malaria in Brazil. Although the genus is object of pharmacological studies, almost none are found on Aspidosperma pyrifolium. We investigate neuroprotective, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of the APSE-Aq fraction (benzoic acid glycosylated derivative) on Parkinson's disease model. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were subjected to a 6-hydroxydopamine injection into the right striatum and treated or not with APSE-Aq (100 or 200 mg/kg, p...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Zequn Li, Wenyu Jia, Jun Niu, Lining Zhang
Tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha-induced protein 8-like 2 (TIPE2 or TNFAIP8L2) is a novel identified negative regulator of both innate and adaptive immunity, which participates in immune homeostasis. TIPE2 is expressed in both immune tissues and non-immune tissues. It is significantly down-regulated in patients with infectious and autoimmune diseases, and the depletion of TIPE2 causes severe inflammatory disease. In recent years, accumulating evidence has shown that TIPE2 serves as an ideal biomarker and as a tumour suppressor in several tumour types...
February 26, 2018: Histology and Histopathology
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