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Lary A Robinson, Crystal J Jaing, Christine Pierce Campbell, Anthony Magliocco, Yin Xiong, Genevra Magliocco, James B Thissen, Scott Antonia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
Antonio Ponzetto, Natale Figura, John Holton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
Anil Prasad, Nagina Khudaynazar, Ramana V Tantravahi, Amanda M Gillum, Benjamin S Hoffman
Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (HNSCC) is characterized by high morbidity and mortality. Treatment failure, drug resistance and chemoradiation toxicity have necessitated the development of alternative treatment strategies. Styryl benzyl sulfones, a family of novel small molecule inhibitors, are being evaluated as anti-neoplastic agents in multiple clinical trials. The activity of these compounds has been well characterized in several preclinical tumor studies, but their activity has yet to be fully examined in HNSCC...
October 15, 2016: Oncotarget
Zhong Ni, Xiting Wang, Tianchen Zhang, Rong Zhong Jin
Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) has become as an important target for the treatment of various human cancers, especially non-small-cell lung cancer. A mutation, F1174C, suited in the C-terminal helix αC of ALK and distal from the small-molecule inhibitor ceritinib bound to the ATP-binding site, causes the emergence of drug resistance to ceritinib. However, the detailed mechanism for the allosteric effect of F1174C resistance mutation to ceritinib remains unclear. Here, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and binding free energy calculations [Molecular Mechanics/Generalized Born Surface Area (MM/GBSA)] were carried out to explore the advent of drug resistance mutation in ALK...
October 11, 2016: Computational Biology and Chemistry
Susanna Lemmelä, Svetlana Solovieva, Rahman Shiri, Christian Benner, Markku Heliövaara, Johannes Kettunen, Verneri Anttila, Samuli Ripatti, Markus Perola, Ilkka Seppälä, Markus Juonala, Mika Kähönen, Veikko Salomaa, Jorma Viikari, Olli T Raitakari, Terho Lehtimäki, Aarno Palotie, Eira Viikari-Juntura, Kirsti Husgafvel-Pursiainen
Sciatica or the sciatic syndrome is a common and often disabling low back disorder in the working-age population. It has a relatively high heritability but poorly understood molecular mechanisms. The Finnish population is a genetic isolate where small founder population and bottleneck events have led to enrichment of certain rare and low frequency variants. We performed here the first genome-wide association (GWAS) and meta-analysis of sciatica. The meta-analysis was conducted across two GWAS covering 291 Finnish sciatica cases and 3671 controls genotyped and imputed at 7...
2016: PloS One
Vijayalakshmi Padmanabhan, Heather B Steinmetz, Elizabeth J Rizzo, Amber J Erskine, Tamara L Fairbank, Francine B de Abreu, Gregory J Tsongalis, Laura J Tafe
CONTEXT: -At our medical center, cytopathologists perform rapid on-site evaluation for specimen adequacy of fine-needle aspiration and touch imprint of needle core biopsy lung cancer samples. Two years ago the molecular diagnostics laboratory at our institution changed to next-generation sequencing using the Ion Torrent PGM and the 50-gene AmpliSeq Cancer Hotspot Panel v2 for analyzing mutations in a 50-gene cancer hot spot panel. This was associated with in a dramatic fall in adequacy rate (68%)...
October 20, 2016: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Mordjane Boukhet, Fabien Piguet, Hadjer Ouldali, Manuela Pastoriza-Gallego, Juan Pelta, Abdelghani Oukhaled
The transport of macromolecules through nanopores is involved in many biological functions and is today at the basis of promising technological applications. Nevertheless the interpretation of the dynamics of the macromolecule/nanopore interaction is still misunderstood and under debate. At the nanoscale, inside biomimetic channels under an external applied voltage, electrophoresis, which is the electric force acting on electrically charged molecules, and electroosmotic flow (EOF), which is the fluid transport associated with ions, contribute to the direction and magnitude of the molecular transport...
October 20, 2016: Nanoscale
Vasily V Zlatogursky, Elena A Gerasimova, Andrey O Plotnikov
A new species of centrohelid heliozoan Acanthocystis amura from the Amur River, the Far East of Russia was studied with light- and electron microscopy. Acanthocystis amura has simple oval plate scales (1.2-2.6 x 1.0-1.8 μm) with an axial thickening and a thin border as well as two types of spine scales. The spine scales of type 1 were 1.3-4.8 μm long and had four small hooks on their tips. The spine scales of type 2 were shorter, 1.0-3.6 μm long and had four teeth at the distal end. The morphology of Acanthocystis amura resembles that of Acanthocystis quadrifurca...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology
Astrid Hagelkruys, Mirjam A Moser, Christian Seiser
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) play crucial roles during mammalian development and for cellular homeostasis. In addition, these enzymes are promising targets for small molecule inhibitors in the treatment of cancer and neurological diseases. Conditional HDAC knock-out mice are excellent tools for defining the functions of individual HDACs in vivo and for identifying the molecular targets of HDAC inhibitors in disease. Here, we describe the generation of tissue-specific HDAC knock-out mice and delineate a strategy for the generation of conditional HDAC knock-in mice...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Frank Tacke, Daniela C Kroy
Persistent hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections affect about 240 million patients worldwide that are at risk of developing liver cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma. HBV is a small, partially double stranded DNA virus with four overlapping genes and a unique life cycle, which involves the generation of an RNA template for replication via reverse transcription. Mutations occur frequently during chronic infection, and particular selection pressures select distinct mutants. Nucleoside and nucleotide analogues like lamivudine (LMV), entecavir (ETV), telbivudine (LdT), adefovir dipivoxil (ADV) and tenofovir (TDF) are used to achieve long-term suppression of viral replication...
September 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
Julia Angélica Gonçalves Silveira, Mirella Lauria D'Elia, Isabela de Oliveira Avelar, Lara Ribeiro de Almeida, Hudson Andrade Dos Santos, Danielle Ferreira de Magalhães Soares, Múcio Flávio Barbosa Ribeiro, Walter Dos Santos Lima, Roselene Ecco
An adult free-ranged female maned wolf was rescued from a periurban area subject to anthropogenic disturbances in the Minas Gerais, Brazil. The animal presented poor body condition and anemia. The clinical condition rapidly deteriorated culminating in dead and a necropsy was performed. The main gross lesions were marked anemia and blood content in the intestines accompanied by many types of parasites. The protozoa Rangelia vitalii was identified by histopathological analysis predominantly within the cytoplasm of endothelial cells of capillaries of the small intestine...
December 2016: International Journal for Parasitology. Parasites and Wildlife
Daniela Lopes Paim Pinto, Lucio Brancadoro, Silvia Dal Santo, Gabriella De Lorenzis, Mario Pezzotti, Blake C Meyers, Mario E Pè, Erica Mica
Understanding the molecular mechanisms involved in the interaction between the genetic composition and the environment is crucial for modern viticulture. We approached this issue by focusing on the small RNA transcriptome in grapevine berries of the two varieties Cabernet Sauvignon and Sangiovese, growing in adjacent vineyards in three different environments. Four different developmental stages were studied and a total of 48 libraries of small RNAs were produced and sequenced. Using a proximity-based pipeline, we determined the general landscape of small RNAs accumulation in grapevine berries...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Rui Zhou, Xiaoshu Zhou, Zhongyuan Yin, Jing Guo, Ting Hu, Shun Jiang, Li Liu, Xiaorong Dong, Sheng Zhang, Gang Wu
Dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) has been associated with malignant behavior in a variety of cancers. Our previous study demonstrated that miRNA expression profiles are predictors for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We also showed that miRNAs are involved in small-cell lung cancer metastasis. Here, we used qRT-PCR to re-analyze our previous microarray results using serum samples from 75 patients with NSCLC. Surprisingly, we found that miR-574-5p and miR-874 were overexpressed in patients with metastatic advanced NSCLC but not in patients with non-metastatic advanced NSCLC...
October 20, 2016: Scientific Reports
Dekai Wang, Heqin Liu, Guowei Zhai, Liangsheng Wang, Jianfeng Shao, Yuezhi Tao
Functional chloroplast generation depends on the precise coordination of gene expression between the plastid and the nucleus and is essential for plant growth and development. In this study, a rice (Oryza sativa) mutant that exhibited albino and seedling-lethal phenotypes was isolated from a(60)Co-irradiated rice population. The mutant gene was identified as an ortholog of the Arabidopsis plastid transcriptionally active chromosome protein 2 (pTAC2) gene, and the mutant strain was designated osptac2. Sequence and transcription analyses showed that OspTAC2 encodes a putative chloroplast protein consisting of 10 pentratricopeptide repeat (PPR) domains and a C-terminal small MutS-related (SMR) domain...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
Yixiang Zhu, Puyuan Xing, Junling Li
Lung cancer is the deadliest cancer in the worldwide. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for 85% of lung tumor diagnoses. Squamous cell lung cancer (SQCLC) is a common pathological type, almost 20%-30% of NSCLC. Surgery, chemotherapy, and molecular targeted therapies are the mainstay of treatment for patients with SQCLC. But most patients are diagnosed at advanced stage so that they miss the chance of operation. While noteworthy outcomes have improved with adenocarcinoma of lung with epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs), a therapeutic plateau for advanced squamous cell lung cancer patients are still not solved...
October 20, 2016: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
Tongtong Zhang, Junling Li
BACKGROUND: It has been proven that epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), and KRAS are common driver genes in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Molecular targeted therapy increases the overall response rate and progression-free survival (PFS) of patients with EGFR-sensitive mutation or echinoderm microtubule-associated protein like 4-anaplastic lymphoma kinase (EML4-ALK) fusion. However, target and targeted drugs for lung squamous cell carcinoma to indicate clinical therapy remain to be confirmed...
October 20, 2016: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
Jeroen Aerts, Annelies Laeremans, Laurens Minerva, Kurt Boonen, Budamgunta Harshavardhan, Rudi D'hooge, Dirk Valkenborg, Geert Baggerman, Lutgarde Arckens
The Morris water maze (MWM) spatial learning task has been demonstrated to involve a cognitive switch of action control to serve the transition from an early towards a late learning phase. However, the molecular mechanisms governing this switch are largely unknown. We employed MALDI MS imaging (MSI) to screen for changes in expression of small proteins in brain structures implicated in the different learning phases. We compared mice trained for 3days and 30days in the MWM, reflecting an early and a late learning phase in relation to the acquisition of a spatial learning task...
October 17, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Priyanka Dutta, Ahnaf Siddiqui, Mohsen Botlani, Sameer Varma
Nipah is an emerging paramyxovirus that is of serious concern to human health. It invades host cells using two of its membrane proteins-G and F. G binds to host ephrins and this stimulates G to activate F. Upon activation, F mediates virus-host membrane fusion. Here we focus on mechanisms that underlie the stimulation of G by ephrins. Experiments show that G interacts with ephrin and F through separate sites located on two different domains, the receptor binding domain (RBD) and the F activation domain (FAD)...
October 18, 2016: Biophysical Journal
Xiaoyu Zhuang, Bing Zhao, Shu Liu, Fengrui Song, Fengchao Cui, Zhiqiang Liu, Yunqi Li
Misfolding and aggregation of Cu, Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) is implicated in the etiology amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The use of small molecules may stabilize the spatial structure of SOD1 dimer, thus preventing its dissociation and aggregation. In this study, "native" mass spectrometry (MS) was used to study the non-covalent interactions between SOD1 and flavonoid compounds. MS experiments were performed on a quadruple time-of-flight (Q-ToF) mass spectrometer with an electrospray ionization (ESI) source and T-wave ion mobility...
October 19, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Jorge Mejia, Ana Claudia Camargo Miranda, Ana Claudia Ranucci Durante, Larissa Rolim de Oliveira, Marycel Rosa Felisa Figols de Barboza, Katerin Taboada Rosell, Daniele Pereira Jardim, Alexandre Holthausen Campos, Marilia Alves Dos Reis, Marcela Forli Catanoso, Orfa Yineth Galvis-Alonso, Francisco Romero Cabral
Objective: To present the result of upgrading a clinical gamma-camera to be used to obtain in vivo tomographic images of small animal organs, and its application to register cardiac, renal and neurological images. Methods: An updated version of the miniSPECT upgrading device was built, which is composed of mechanical, electronic and software subsystems. The device was attached to a Discovery VH (General Electric Healthcare) gamma-camera, which was retired from the clinical service and installed at the Centro de Imagem Pré-Clínica of the Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein...
July 2016: Einstein
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