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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544123/assessing-the-need-for-a-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-programme-using-the-social-media-app-grindr%C3%A2
#1
B Hampel, K Kusejko, D L Braun, J Harrison-Quintana, R Kouyos, J Fehr
OBJECTIVES: HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is not approved in Switzerland and therefore must be paid for by the users themselves. We conducted a survey to find out whether men who have sex with men (MSM) in Switzerland are already taking PrEP, or are considering using it, and whether it is being taken under medical supervision or not. METHODS: Grindr® is a geosocial networking app for MSM. Between 5 and 24 January 2017, users of the app who were located in Switzerland by a global positioning system (GPS) were asked to participate in a ten-question survey on PrEP use...
May 19, 2017: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541882/web-app-based-patient-education-in-psoriasis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Spencer D Hawkins, Steven Barilla, Steven R Feldman
PURPOSE: Patients report wanting more information about psoriasis and clear expectations from the onset of therapy. Dermatologists do not think patients receive or internalize adequate information. There isa need for further explanation of treatment regimens to increase knowledge, compliance, and patient satisfaction. Recent advancements in web technology have the potential to improve these psoriasis outcomes. METHODS: A web based application was created to educate psoriasis patients using video, graphics, and textual information...
April 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541569/implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-smartphone-application-for-the-perioperative-care-of-neurosurgery-patients-at-an-academic-medical-center-implications-for-patient-satisfaction-surgery-cancelations-and-readmissions
#3
Daniel R Felbaum, Jeffrey J Stewart, Amjad N Anaizi, Faheem A Sandhu, Mani N Nair, Jean-Marc Voyadzis
BACKGROUND: Smartphone applications (apps) in the health care arena are being increasingly developed with the aim of benefiting both patients and their physicians. The delivery of adequate instructions both before and after a procedure or surgery is of paramount importance in ensuring the best possible outcome for patients. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that app-based instructions with built-in reminders may improve patient understanding and compliance and contribute to reducing the number of surgery cancellations and postoperative complications and readmissions...
May 25, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541464/quality-and-usability-of-arthritic-pain-self-management-apps-for-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#4
Priyanka Bhattarai, Tro Newton-John, Jane L Phillips
Objective.:  To appraise the quality and usability of currently available pain applications that could be used by community-dwelling older adults to self-manage their arthritic pain. Methods. : A systematic review. Searches were conducted in App Store and Google Play to identify pain self-management apps relevant to arthritic pain management. English language pain management apps providing pain assessment and documentation function and pain management education were considered for inclusion...
May 25, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536095/development-of-a-modular-research-platform-to-create-medical-observational-studies-for-mobile-devices
#5
Martin Zens, Birgit Grotejohann, Adrian Tassoni, Fabian Duttenhoefer, Norbert P Südkamp, Philipp Niemeyer
BACKGROUND: Observational studies have proven to be a valuable resource in medical research, especially when performed on a large scale. Recently, mobile device-based observational studies have been discovered by an increasing number of researchers as a promising new source of information. However, the development and deployment of app-based studies is not trivial and requires profound programming skills. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this project was to develop a modular online research platform that allows researchers to create medical studies for mobile devices without extensive programming skills...
May 23, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527495/consumer-mobile-health-apps-current-state-barriers-and-future-directions
#6
REVIEW
Cheng-Kai Kao, David M Liebovitz
This paper discusses the current state, barriers, and future directions of consumer-facing applications (apps). There are currently more than 165,000 mobile health apps publicly available in major app stores, the vast majority of which are designed for patients. The top 2 categories are wellness management and disease management apps, whereas other categories include self-diagnosis, medication reminder, and electronic patient portal apps. Apps specific to physical medicine and rehabilitation also are reviewed...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526675/iterative-user-interface-design-for-automated-sequential-organ-failure-assessment-score-calculator-in-sepsis-detection
#7
Christopher Ansel Aakre, Jaben E Kitson, Man Li, Vitaly Herasevich
BACKGROUND: The new sepsis definition has increased the need for frequent sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score recalculation and the clerical burden of information retrieval makes this score ideal for automated calculation. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to (1) estimate the clerical workload of manual SOFA score calculation through a time-motion analysis and (2) describe a user-centered design process for an electronic medical record (EMR) integrated, automated SOFA score calculator with subsequent usability evaluation study...
May 18, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526664/effect-of-a-counseling-session-bolstered-by-text-messaging-on-self-selected-health-behaviors-in-college-students-a-preliminary-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Janice Sandrick, Doreen Tracy, Arn Eliasson, Ashley Roth, Jeffrey Bartel, Melanie Simko, Tracy Bowman, Karen Harouse-Bell, Mariam Kashani, Marina Vernalis
BACKGROUND: The college experience is often the first time when young adults live independently and make their own lifestyle choices. These choices affect dietary behaviors, exercise habits, techniques to deal with stress, and decisions on sleep time, all of which direct the trajectory of future health. There is a need for effective strategies that will encourage healthy lifestyle choices in young adults attending college. OBJECTIVE: This preliminary randomized controlled trial tested the effect of coaching and text messages (short message service, SMS) on self-selected health behaviors in the domains of diet, exercise, stress, and sleep...
May 17, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513463/alzheimer-s-disease-against-peptides-products-of-enzymatic-cleavage-app-protein-biological-pathobiological-and-physico-chemical-properties-of-fibrillating-peptides
#9
Małgorzata Marszałek
Various peptides products of enzymatic cleavage of key for Alzheimer's disease Amyloid Precursor Protein (APP) are well known, but still are matter of scientific debate. The Aβ type products are especially challenging for experimental and medical research. This paper outlines several, still poorly known, biological and medical processes such as peptides biology, i.e., formation, biodistribution, translocation, transport and finally removal from brain compartments and body fluids like Intracellular Fluid (ICF), Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF), Interstitial Fluid (ISF), blood serum or urine...
May 17, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508796/emedication-meets-ehealth-with-the-electronic-medication-management-assistant-emma
#10
Mauro Tschanz, Tim Lucas Dorner, Kerstin Denecke
BACKGROUND: A patient's healthcare team is often missing a complete overview on the prescribed and dispensed medication. This is due to an inconsistent information flow between the different actors of the healthcare system. Often, only the patient himself knows exactly which drugs he is actually taking. OBJECTIVES: Our objective is to exploit different eHealth technologies available or planned in Switzerland to improve the information flow of the medication data among the stakeholder and to support the patient in managing his medication...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506955/text-messaging-and-mobile-phone-apps-as-interventions-to-improve-adherence-in-adolescents-with-chronic-health-conditions-a-systematic-review
#11
Sherif M Badawy, Leonardo Barrera, Mohamad G Sinno, Saara Kaviany, Linda C O'Dwyer, Lisa M Kuhns
BACKGROUND: The number of adolescents with chronic health conditions (CHCs) continues to increase. Medication nonadherence is a global challenge among adolescents across chronic conditions and is associated with poor health outcomes. While there has been growing interest in the use of mHealth technology to improve medication adherence among adolescents with CHCs, particularly text messaging and mobile phone apps, there has been no prior systematic review of their efficacy. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to systematically evaluate the most recent evidence for the efficacy of text messaging and mobile phone apps as interventions to promote medication adherence among adolescents with CHCs...
May 15, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493245/-the-prognostic-significance-of-icf-data-with-regard-to-realization-of-recommendations-given-in-the-medical-discharge-report-after-in-patient-psychosomatic-rehabilitation
#12
Jörg Oster, Jörn von Wietersheim, Gottfried Müller, Carina Braunger
Target In this trial, the prognostic significance of ICF-related diagnostics compared to social and medical, disease-related and personal factors with regard to realization of recommendations given in the medical discharge report after the in-patient psychosomatic rehabilitation should be examined. Methodology ICF-related, social and medical, disease-related and personal prognostic factors were surveyed by questionnaires and interviews, on admission, discharge and 6 months after discharge from rehabilitation (time of catamnesis)...
May 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489813/implementing-a-novel-model-for-hospice-and-palliative-care-in-the-emergency-department-an-experience-from-a-tertiary-medical-center-in-taiwan
#13
Tzu-Chieh Weng, Ya-Chun Yang, Ping-Jen Chen, Wen-Fu Kuo, Wei-Lin Wang, Ya-Ting Ke, Chien-Chin Hsu, Kao-Chang Lin, Chien-Cheng Huang, Hung-Jung Lin
Hospice and palliative care has been recognized as an essential part of emergency medicine; however, there is no consensus on the optimal model for the delivery of hospice and palliative care in the emergency department (ED). Therefore, we conducted a novel implementation in a tertiary medical center in Taiwan. In the preintervention period, we recruited a specialist for hospice and palliative medicine in the ED to lead our intervention. In the early stage of the intervention, starting on July 1, 2014, we encouraged and funded ED physicians and nurses to receive training for hospice and palliative medicine and residents of emergency medicine to rotate to the hospice ward...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476949/angiotensin-iv-receptors-mediate-the-cognitive-and-cerebrovascular-benefits-of-losartan-in-a-mouse-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#14
Jessika Royea, Luqing Zhang, Xin-Kang Tong, Edith Hamel
The use of angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) correlates with reduced onset and progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The mechanism depicting how ARBs, such as losartan, restore cerebrovascular and cognitive deficits in AD is unknown. Here, we propose a mechanism underlying losartan's benefits by selectively blocking the effects of Angiotensin IV (AngIV) at its receptor (AT4R) with divalinal in mice overexpressing the AD-related Swedish and Indiana mutations of the human amyloid precursor protein (APP mice) and wild-type mice...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471818/spectrum-of-diagnosis-and-disposition-of-patients-referred-to-a-pediatric-orthopaedic-center-for-a-diagnosis-of-intoeing
#15
Shawne Faulks, Kaitlyn Brown, John G Birch
BACKGROUND: Orthopaedic surgeons frequently evaluate otherwise healthy children for concern of intoed gait. Intoeing in otherwise healthy young children due to metatarsus adductus, internal tibial torsion, and increased femoral anteversion do not typically require orthopaedic treatment. This study reviewed the actual diagnosis, management, and disposition of patients referred to a pediatric orthopaedic specialty hospital for a diagnosis of intoeing; the efficacy of an Advanced Practice Provider (APP) assessment program to screen and triage patients with a primary complaint of intoeing; and parental satisfaction with that program...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459572/neuroprotective-and-antineuroinflammatory-effects-of-hydroxyl-functionalized-stilbenes-and-2-arylbenzo-b-furans
#16
Pei-Chun Chen, Wei-Jern Tsai, Yune-Fang Ueng, Tsai-Teng Tzeng, Hsiang-Ling Chen, Pei-Ru Zhu, Chia-Hsiang Huang, Young-Ji Shiao, Wen-Tai Li
The drugs currently used to treat Alzheimer's disease (AD) are limited in the benefits they confer, and no medication has been clearly proven to cure or delay the progression of AD. Most candidate AD drugs are meant to reduce the production, aggregation, and toxicity of amyloid β (Aβ) or to promote Aβ clearance. Herein, we demonstrate the efficient synthesis of hydroxyl-functionalized stilbene and 2-arylbenzo[b]furan derivatives and report on the neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory effects of these phenolic compounds in vitro and in an animal model...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456338/urgent-care-medicine-and-the-role-of-the-app-within-this-specialty
#17
Jessica Memmel, Marcy Spalsbury
The field of urgent care medicine offers an additional medical pathway for patients who have immediate, but non-life-threatening, medical concerns. Urgent care medicine offers a more varied set of resources and services than a physician office setting, with more flexible hours. This gives patients an opportunity to not have to go to the emergency department for non-emergent care. As a newer specialty within the medical field, certain roles of healthcare providers other than physicians are becoming established, including the advanced practice provider (APP)...
April 26, 2017: Disease-a-month: DM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455650/-use-of-cognitive-aids-in-pediatric-emergency-care-interdisciplinary-consensus-statement
#18
REVIEW
S Wirtz, C Eich, K Becke, S Brenner, A Callies, U Harding, C Höhne, F Hoffmann, J Kaufmann, B Landsleitner, H Marung, T Nicolai, F Reifferscheid, U Trappe, P Jung
Preclinical pediatric emergencies are rare events and are therefore often associated with stress and uncertainty for emergency medical service personnel. To ensure adequate treatment of pediatric patients a variety of different cognitive aids exist (e.g. books, apps, rulers, weight-adapted bag systems). Especially the size specifications of the medical equipment and the dosage of emergency medication are individually very different in children and are dependent on parameters, such as body height and weight...
April 28, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454831/rationale-and-design-of-the-medication-adherence-improvement-support-app-for-engagement-blood-pressure-medisafe-bp-trial
#19
Kyle Morawski, Roya Ghazinouri, Alexis Krumme, Julianne McDonough, Erin Durfee, Leslie Oley, Namita Mohta, Jessie Juusola, Niteesh K Choudhry
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a major contributor to the health and economic burden imposed by stroke, heart disease, and renal insufficiency. Antihypertensives can prevent many of the harmful effects of elevated blood pressure, but medication nonadherence is a known barrier to the effectiveness of these treatments. Smartphone-based applications that remind patients to take their medications, provide education, and allow for social interactions between individuals with similar health concerns have been widely advocated as a strategy to improve adherence but have not been subject to rigorous testing...
April 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448777/effect-of-an-advanced-pharmacy-practice-experience-on-medication-therapy-management-services-in-a-centralized-retail-pharmacy-program
#20
Joseph P Vande Griend, Melissa Rodgers, Wesley Nuffer
BACKGROUND: Medication therapy management (MTM) delivery is increasingly important in managed care. Successful delivery positively affects patient health and improves Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services star ratings, a measure of health plan quality. As MTM services continue to grow, there is an increased need for efficient and effective care models. The primary objectives of this project were to describe the delivery of MTM services by fourth-year Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (APPE) students in a centralized retail pharmacy system and to evaluate and quantify the clinical and financial contributions of the students...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
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