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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637141/misconceptions-about-traumatic-brain-injury-among-probation-services
#1
Conall O'Rourke, Mark A Linden, Maria Lohan
PURPOSE: The prevalence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) among offender populations is significantly higher than among the general population. Despite this, no study has yet assessed the knowledge of members of the probation service surrounding TBI. METHOD: Knowledge was assessed among members of the Probation Board for Northern Ireland (PBNI) using a cross-sectional online version of the Common Misconceptions about TBI (CM-TBI) questionnaire. Mean total misconception scores, along with scores on four subdomains (recovery, sequelae, insight, and hidden injury) were calculated...
February 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637124/recovery-and-creative-practices-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness-evaluating-well-being-and-social-inclusion
#2
Javier Saavedra, Elvira Pérez, Paul Crawford, Samuel Arias
PURPOSE: This mixed (quantitative-qualitative) study evaluates the impact of an artistic workshop on a group of people with severe mental illness (SMI). This study focuses on the impact of creative practices on well-being and social inclusion outcomes. METHOD: After participating in a creative workshop, 31 people diagnosed with a SMI completed pre/post-intervention measures, namely, the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale and the Social Inclusion questionnaire...
February 6, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635985/experiences-of-women-with-gestational-trophoblastic-neoplasia-treated-with-high-dose-chemotherapy-and-stem-cell-transplantation-a-qualitative-study
#3
Kam Singh, Clare Warnock, Jane Ireson, Sarah Strickland, Delia Short, Michael J Seckl, Barry W Hancock
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To explore the experiences of women with gestational trophoblastic neoplasia during and after treatment to understand their perspectives, priorities, and concerns.
. RESEARCH APPROACH: A descriptive, exploratory study using in-depth semistructured interviews.
. SETTING: All interviews were conducted in a quiet, designated room at Weston Park Hospital in Sheffield, South Yorkshire.
. PARTICIPANTS: Women with gestational trophoblastic neoplasia who had received stem cell transplantation from 2003 to 2013...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635436/changes-in-the-nature-and-intensity-of-stress-following-employment-among-people-with-severe-mental-illness-receiving-individual-placement-and-support-services-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#4
Christine Besse, Daniel Poremski, Vincent Laliberté, Eric Latimer
BACKGROUND: Most people with severe mental illness (SMI) want to work. Individual placement and support (IPS) programs have proven effective in helping them obtain and keep competitive jobs. Yet, practitioners often fear that competitive jobs might be too stressful. AIMS: To explore how the nature and intensity of stress experienced by IPS clients changed after the transition from looking for work to being employed. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews explored the experiences of 16 clients of an IPS program who had recently been competitively employed...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632542/creation-and-execution-of-a-novel-anesthesia-perioperative-care-service-at-a-veterans-affairs-hospital
#5
Bret D Alvis, Adam B King, Pratik P Pandharipande, Liza M Weavind, Katelin Avila, Philip J Leisy, Muhammad Ajmal, Michael McHugh, Kirk A Keegan, David A Baker, Ann Walia, Christopher G Hughes
Physician-led perioperative surgical home models are developing as a method for improving the American health care system. These models are novel, team-based approaches that help to provide continuity of care throughout the perioperative period. Another avenue for improving care for surgical patients is the use of enhanced recovery after surgery pathways. These are well-described methods that have shown to improve perioperative outcomes. An established perioperative surgical home model can help implementation, efficiency, and adherence to enhanced recovery after surgery pathways...
June 16, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628551/a-clinical-framework-for-functional-recovery-in-a-person-with-chronic-traumatic-brain-injury-a-case-study
#6
Karen McCain, Staci Shearin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This case study describes a task-specific training program for gait walking and functional recovery in a young man with severe chronic traumatic brain injury. CASE DESCRIPTION: The individual was a 26-year-old man 4 years post-traumatic brain injury with severe motor impairments who had not walked outside of therapy since his injury. He had received extensive gait training prior to initiation of services. His goal was to recover the ability to walk...
July 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628535/community-based-rehabilitation-to-improve-stroke-survivors-rehabilitation-participation-and-functional-recovery
#7
Xiaojuan Ru, Hong Dai, Bin Jiang, Ninghua Li, Xingquan Zhao, Zhen Hong, Li He, Wenzhi Wang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a community-based rehabilitation appropriate technique (CRAT) intervention program in increasing rehabilitation participation and improving functional recovery of stroke survivors. DESIGN: This study followed a quasi-experimental design. In each of 5 centers servicing approximately 50,000 individuals, 2 communities were designated as either the intervention or control community. A CRAT intervention program, including 2-year rehabilitation education and 3-month CRAT treatment, was regularly implemented in the intervention communities, whereas there was no special intervention in the control community...
July 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625424/scheduling-non-operating-room-anesthesia-cases-in-endoscopy-using-the-sandbox-analogy
#8
Mitchell H Tsai, Leah A Cipri, Stephen E O'Donnell, J Matthew Fisher, Dimitrios A Andritsos
STUDY OBJECTIVE: For many hospitals, the non-operating room anesthesia (NORA) workload continues to expand. We developed a new NORA scheduling process with shared block time - a sandbox - amongst all of the gastroenterology groups and measured the efficacy of the intervention using basic operating room management metrics. DESIGN: Prospective analysis, statistical process control. SETTING: Academic, rural hospital; endoscopy suite; postoperative recovery area...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624949/designing-more-engaging-computer-tailored-physical-activity-behaviour-change-interventions-for-breast-cancer-survivors-lessons-from-the-imove-more-for-life-study
#9
C E Short, E L James, A L Rebar, M J Duncan, K S Courneya, R C Plotnikoff, R Crutzen, N Bidargaddi, C Vandelanotte
BACKGROUND: Participating in regular physical activity is a recommended cancer recovery strategy for breast cancer survivors. However, tailored support services are not widely available and most survivors are insufficiently active to obtain health benefits. Delivering tailored programs via the Internet offers one promising approach. However, recent evaluations of such programs suggest that major improvements are needed to ensure programs meet the needs of users and are delivered in an engaging way...
June 17, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622352/volunteer-trials-of-a-novel-improvised-dry-decontamination-protocol-for-use-during-mass-casualty-incidents-as-part-of-the-uk-s-initial-operational-response-ior
#10
Richard Amlôt, Holly Carter, Lorna Riddle, Joanne Larner, Robert P Chilcott
Previous studies have demonstrated that rapid evacuation, disrobing and emergency decontamination can enhance the ability of emergency services and acute hospitals to effectively manage chemically-contaminated casualties. The purpose of this human volunteer study was to further optimise such an "Initial Operational Response" by (1) identifying an appropriate method for performing improvised skin decontamination and (2) providing guidance for use by first responders and casualties. The study was performed using two readily available, absorbent materials (paper towels and incontinence pads)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618126/temporal-scale-dependent-interactions-between-multiple-environmental-disturbances-in-microcosm-ecosystems
#11
Aurélie Garnier, Frank Pennekamp, Mélissa Lemoine, Owen L Petchey
Global environmental change has negative impacts on ecological systems, impacting the stable provision of functions, goods and services. Whereas effects of individual environmental changes (e.g. temperature change or change in resource availability) are reasonably well understood, we lack information about if and how multiple changes interact. We examined interactions among four types of environmental disturbance (temperature, nutrient ratio, carbon enrichment, and light) in a fully factorial design using a microbial aquatic ecosystem and observed responses of dissolved oxygen saturation at three temporal scales (resistance, resilience and return time)...
June 15, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617780/-the-burden-of-disability-in-cameroon
#12
Calogero Foti, Caterina Albensi, Laura Giordani, Yannick Azeufack Ngueko, Martin Sanou Sobze, Vittorio Colizzi
AIM: Rehabilitation services for disabled persons are lacking in countries with limited economic resources. Reliable and objective data are needed to plan for their implementation and to determine the burden of disability in these countries. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in June 2013 among people living in Dschang Health District, in the West region of Cameroon, to collect information about socio-demographic aspects of physically disabled subjects and health determinants of disabilities...
March 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617175/operator-models-for-delivering-municipal-solid-waste-management-services-in-developing-countries-part-a-the-evidence-base
#13
David C Wilson, Jennifer Bangirana Kanjogera, Reka Soós, Cosmin Briciu, Stephen R Smith, Andrew D Whiteman, Sandra Spies, Barbara Oelz
This article presents the evidence base for 'operator models' - that is, how to deliver a sustainable service through the interaction of the 'client', 'revenue collector' and 'operator' functions - for municipal solid waste management in emerging and developing countries. The companion article addresses a selection of locally appropriate operator models. The evidence shows that no 'standard' operator model is effective in all developing countries and circumstances. Each city uses a mix of different operator models; 134 cases showed on average 2...
June 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617010/value-of-psychiatric-rehabilitation-in-a-behavioral-health-medicaid-managed-care-system
#14
Shari L Hutchison, Kim L MacDonald-Wilson, Irina Karpov, Amanda M Maise, Deborah Wasilchak, James M Schuster
OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to describe individuals receiving psychiatric rehabilitation (PR) service and investigate program outcomes and factors associated with progress in a multisite, descriptive evaluation across Pennsylvania. METHOD: Through an outcomes-monitoring process integrated into routine service delivery, survey responses from 408 individuals participating in PR were summarized. Linear mixed models were used to examine change over time in self-reported progress ratings in rehabilitation domains and factors associated with progress...
June 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615258/effect-of-a-package-of-health-and-nutrition-services-on-sustained-recovery-in-children-after-moderate-acute-malnutrition-and-factors-related-to-sustaining-recovery-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#15
Heather C Stobaugh, Lucy B Bollinger, Sara E Adams, Audrey H Crocker, Jennifer B Grise, Julie A Kennedy, Chrissie Thakwalakwa, Kenneth M Maleta, Dennis J Dietzen, Mark J Manary, Indi Trehan
Background: Children who recover from moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) have high rates of relapse in the year after nutritional recovery. Interventions to decrease these adverse outcomes are needed to maximize the overall effectiveness of supplemental feeding programs (SFPs).Objectives: We evaluated the effectiveness of a package of health and nutrition interventions on improving the proportion of children who sustained recovery for 1 y after MAM treatment. We further explored factors related to sustained recovery...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614103/genocide-rape-trauma-management-an-integrated-framework-for-supporting-survivors
#16
Donatilla Mukamana, Petra Brysiewicz, Anthony Collins, William Rosa
During the 1994 Rwandan genocide, rape was widely used as a strategic weapon against Tutsi women. More than 20 years later, many of these women are still suffering devastating psychological, social, and physical effects of these experiences and remain in need of effective interventions that address their complex trauma. This article develops the theory of genocide rape trauma management as a conceptual framework for promoting the holistic health and recovery of female genocide rape survivors. A qualitative study using grounded theory explored the lived experiences of genocide rape survivors and led to the development of this model...
June 13, 2017: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613245/population-characteristics-in-a-tertiary-pain-service-cohort-experiencing-chronic-non-cancer-pain-weight-status-comorbidities-and-patient-goals
#17
Katherine Brain, Tracy Burrows, Megan E Rollo, Chris Hayes, Fiona J Hodson, Clare E Collins
We describe the characteristics of patients attending an Australian tertiary multidisciplinary pain service and identify areas for nutrition interventions. This cross-sectional study targets patients experiencing chronic pain who attended the service between June-December 2014. Self-reported data was captured from: (1) an Electronic Persistent Pain Outcomes Collaboration (ePPOC) referral questionnaire, incorporating demographics, pain status, and mental health; (2) a Pain Assessment and Recovery Plan (PARP), which documents patients' perceived problems associated with pain and personal treatment goals...
June 14, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610646/operational-risk-assessment
#18
Vicky L McKim
In the world of risk management, which encompasses the business continuity disciplines, many types of risk require evaluation. Financial risk is most often the primary focus, followed by product and market risks. Another critical area, which typically lacks a thorough review or may be overlooked, is operational risk. This category encompasses many risk exposure types including those around building structures and systems, environmental issues, nature, neighbours, clients, regulatory compliance, network, data security and so on...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606391/tensions-in-relation-how-peer-support-is-experienced-and-received-in-a-hepatitis-c-treatment-intervention
#19
Oliver Bonnington, Magdalena Harris
BACKGROUND: Peer support and involvement is recognised as a vital component of hepatitis C (HCV) treatment provision for marginalised populations, such as people who inject drugs (PWID). Developments in HCV treatments enable increased provision in community settings - expanding the possibilities for meaningful peer involvement in HCV treatment plans. To date, HCV peer support has generally been viewed as a positive intervention, with little critical reflection on the ways social structures, policies, health and drug services and social identity impact on how peer support is experienced and received...
June 9, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602144/antipsychotic-treatment-experiences-of-fully-recovered-service-users
#20
Jone Bjornestad, Larry Davidson, Inge Joa, Tor Ketil Larsen, Wenche Ten Velden Hegelstad, Johannes Langeveld, Marius Veseth, Ingrid Melle, Jan Olav Johannessen, Kolbjorn Bronnick
BACKGROUND: There is lack of long-term controlled studies evaluating treatment effects of antipsychotic medication. A complete investigation should include the service user perspective. AIMS: To investigate experiences of clinically recovered service users of antipsychotic medications during and after a first episode of psychosis. METHOD: We used a thematic analytic approach within an interpretative-phenomenological framework. 20 clinically recovered service users were interviewed...
June 2017: Journal of Mental Health
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