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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817639/impacts-of-forest-restoration-on-water-yield-a-systematic-review
#1
Solange Filoso, Maíra Ometto Bezerra, Katherine C B Weiss, Margaret A Palmer
BACKGROUND: Enhancing water provision services is a common target in forest restoration projects worldwide due to growing concerns over freshwater scarcity. However, whether or not forest cover expansion or restoration can improve water provision services is still unclear and highly disputed. PURPOSE: The goal of this review is to provide a balanced and impartial assessment of the impacts of forest restoration and forest cover expansion on water yields as informed by the scientific literature...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816103/assessment-of-work-related-accidents-associated-with-waste-handling-in-belo-horizonte-brazil
#2
Marcos Pg Mol, Amanda F Pereira, Dirceu B Greco, Sandy Cairncross, Leo Heller
As more urban solid waste is generated, managing it becomes ever more challenging and the potential impacts on the environment and human health also become greater. Handling waste - including collection, treatment and final disposal - entails risks of work accidents. This article assesses the perception of waste management workers regarding work-related accidents in domestic and health service contexts in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. These perceptions are compared with national data from the Ministry of Social Security on accidents involving workers in solid waste management...
August 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814838/post-acute-care-for-stroke-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#3
Chung-Liang Lai, Ming-Miau Tsai, Jia-Yuan Luo, Wan-Chun Liao, Pi-Shan Hsu, Han-Yu Chen
BACKGROUND: Stroke often causes functional decline in patients. Therefore, after the acute phase, many patients require post-acute care (PAC) to maximize their functional progress, reduce disability, and make it possible for them to return to their home and community. PAC can be provided in different settings. Taiwan's National Health Insurance (NHI) proposed a PAC pilot program, effective since 2014, for stroke patients that allowed patients with the potential for functional improvement to receive PAC rehabilitation in regional or community hospitals...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812672/rapid-and-direct-recoveries-of-predators-and-prey-through-synchronized-ecosystem-management
#4
Jameal F Samhouri, Adrian C Stier, Shannon M Hennessey, Mark Novak, Benjamin S Halpern, Phillip S Levin
One of the twenty-first century's greatest environmental challenges is to recover and restore species, habitats and ecosystems. The decision about how to initiate restoration is best-informed by an understanding of the linkages between ecosystem components and, given these linkages, an appreciation of the consequences of choosing to recover one ecosystem component before another. However, it remains difficult to predict how the sequence of species' recoveries within food webs influences the speed and trajectory of restoration, and what that means for human well-being...
March 1, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810970/completion-of-a-veteran-focused-civic-service-program-improves-health-and-psychosocial-outcomes-in-iraq-and-afghanistan-veterans-with-a-history-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#5
Karen A Lawrence, Monica M Matthieu, Emma Robertson-Blackmore
INTRODUCTION: Volunteering as a health promotion intervention is positively related to improved health and well-being in civilians and older adults. Yet, the impacts of participating in a community-based volunteering program on returning military veterans have not been studied, nor have the outcomes for veterans who have experienced a traumatic brain injury (TBI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This observational, pre-post survey examines health, psychological, and social outcomes from a cohort of post-9/11/01 veterans with (N = 67) and without a reported TBI history (N = 273) who completed a 6-month, 20-hour per week veteran-focused civic service program...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805455/the-effect-of-a-peer-support-intervention-on-early-recovery-outcomes-in-men-recovering-from-coronary-bypass-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Tracey Jf Colella, Kathryn King-Shier
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Examine the effect of a professionally-guided telephone peer support intervention on recovery outcomes including depression, perceived social support, and health services utilization after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted with post-coronary artery bypass graft surgery men ( N=185) who were randomized before hospital discharge. The intervention arm received telephone-based peer support through weekly telephone calls from a peer volunteer over six weeks, initiated within 3-4 days of discharge...
August 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805420/expanding-our-reach-increasing-the-role-of-psychologists-in-public-and-community-mental-health
#7
Erika R Carr, Rebecca Miller
Psychologists are currently underrepresented in community and public mental health settings, despite the advanced training and competencies that are salient for service in various unique and important functions in the public sector. This article will explore those functions including: transformation to recovery-oriented care, delivery of positive behavioral support, implementation and evaluation of evidence-based interventions, application of scholarly guided practice, emphasis on context, therapeutic relationship, and history in therapeutic interventions, provision of training, education, program development and evaluation, and development of leadership and leadership training in systems of care...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805113/hospitalized-adolescents-perception-of-dignity-a-qualitative-study
#8
Neda Jamalimoghadam, Shahrzad Yektatalab, Marzieh Momennasab, Abbas Ebadi, Najaf Zare
BACKGROUND: Adolescents can be vulnerable to diminished dignity in the hospital because young people have significantly different healthcare needs than children and adults. They like to cooperate with caregivers only when they get respectful and dignified care. Care without considering dignity can adversely influence the adolescents' recovery. However, many studies have been conducted on exploring the concept of the patients' dignity from the adult patients and fewer studies still have explored the dignity of young people...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804011/functional-outcomes-subsequent-healthcare-utilization-and-mortality-of-stroke-postacute-care-patients-in-taiwan-a-nationwide-propensity-score-matched-study
#9
Li-Ning Peng, Wan-Hsuan Lu, Chih-Kuang Liang, Ming-Yueh Chou, Chih-Ping Chung, Shu-Ling Tsai, Zhi-Jun Chen, Fei-Yuan Hsiao, Liang-Kung Chen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the benefits of the national stroke postacute care (PAC) program on clinical outcomes and subsequent healthcare utilization. DESIGN: Propensity score-matched case-control study using the National Health Insurance data. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1480 stroke cases receiving PAC services and 3159 matched controls with similar stroke severity but without PAC services. MEASUREMENTS: Demographic characteristics, functional outcomes (modified Rankin Scale, Barthel Index, Lawton-Brody Instrumental Activities of Daily Living, Functional Oral Intake Scale, Mini-Nutritional Assessment, Berg Balance Test, Usual Gait Speed Test, 6-Minute Walk Test, Fugl-Meyer Assessment (modified sensation and motor), Mini-Mental State Examination, Motor Activity Log, and the Concise Chinese Aphasia Test), subsequent healthcare utilization (90-day stroke re-admission and emergency department visits), and 90-day mortality...
August 10, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802085/recovery-and-mood-disorders
#10
EDITORIAL
Marie Crowe
The discourse of recovery has been co-opted by and pervades many standards of mental health service delivery. I want to consider what this means for mood disorders in a clinical context in which the medical model is the primary approach to treatment. The core concept in recovery discourse is concerned with living well in the presence or absence of mental illness and the many losses that may come in its wake, such as isolation, poverty, unemployment, and discrimination (Mental Health Commission 2012). This article is protected by copyright...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801396/the-sims-trial-adjustable-anchored-single-incision-mini-slings-versus-standard-tension-free-midurethral-slings-in-the-surgical-management-of-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-study-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-multicentre-non-inferiority-randomised-controlled
#11
Mohamed Abdel-Fattah, Graeme MacLennan, Mary Kilonzo, R Phil Assassa, Kirsty McCormick, Tracey Davidson, Alison McDonald, James N'Dow, Judith Wardle, John Norrie
INTRODUCTION: Single-incision mini-slings (SIMS) represent the third generation of midurethral slings. They have been developed with the aim of offering a true ambulatory procedure for treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) with reduced morbidity and earlier recovery while maintaining similar efficacy to standard midurethral slings (SMUS). The aim of this study is to determine the clinical and cost-effectiveness of adjustable anchored SIMS compared with tension-free SMUS in the surgical management of female SUI, with 3-year follow-up...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801041/diagnosis-of-delayed-diffuse-axonal-%C3%A4-njury
#12
Çağri Kokkoz, Mehmet Irik, Halil I Dayangaç, Mustafa Hayran, Adnan Bilge, Musa Çavuş
Diffuse axonal injury is usually caused by head trauma, and patients have significant clinical symptoms during admission to the emergency department. In our case, we present a five-year-old patient who was involved in a car accident. During admission to the emergency department, the patient had no symptoms of trauma. However, 6 h after admission to emergency service, neurological symptoms occurred, and mental status changed. Diffuse axonal injury (DAI) is characterized by diffuse nerve axon injury in the brain and brainstem...
August 4, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799198/does-paying-service-providers-by-results-improve-recovery-outcomes-for-drug-misusers-in-treatment-in-england
#13
Andrew Jones, Matthias Pierce, Matt Sutton, Thomas Mason, Tim Millar
AIM: To compare drug recovery outcomes in commissioning areas included in a 'payment by results' scheme with all other areas. DESIGN: Observational and data linkage study of the National Drug Treatment Monitoring System, Office for National Statistics mortality database, and Police National Computer criminal records, for two years before and after introduction of the scheme. Pre-post controlled comparison compared outcomes in participating versus non-participating areas following adjustment for drug use, functioning and drug treatment status...
August 10, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797307/using-smartphones-to-decrease-substance-use-via-self-monitoring-and-recovery-support-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-control-trial
#14
Christy K Scott, Michael L Dennis, David H Gustafson
BACKGROUND: Alcohol abuse, other substance use disorders, and risk behaviors associated with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) represent three of the top 10 modifiable causes of mortality in the US. Despite evidence that continuing care is effective in sustaining recovery from substance use disorders and associated behaviors, patients rarely receive it. Smartphone applications (apps) have been effective in delivering continuing care to patients almost anywhere and anytime. This study tests the effectiveness of two components of such apps: ongoing self-monitoring through Ecological Momentary Assessments (EMAs) and immediate recovery support through Ecological Momentary Interventions (EMIs)...
August 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797214/provider-perspectives-on-employment-for-people-with-serious-mental-illness
#15
Mark Costa, Michaella Baker, Larry Davidson, Julienne Giard, Linda Guillorn, Angels González Ibáñez, Dawn Weitz, Maria O'Connell
BACKGROUND: Persons with serious mental illnesses (SMI) can lead productive lives, and the majority want to work. Mental health providers can play an important role in helping their clients gain and maintain employment. AIMS: The Provider Survey was developed to shed additional light on providers' views toward employment and recovery, and the utilization of Individual Placement and Support (IPS) supported employment (SE) services for people with SMI. METHODS: A total of 1,306 providers of the State of Connecticut participated in the survey...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797176/living-with-chronic-headache-a-qualitative-study-exploring-goal-management-in-chronic-headache
#16
Yvette Ciere, Annemieke Visser, Bram Jacobs, Marielle Padberg, John Lebbink, Robbert Sanderman, Joke Fleer
OBJECTIVES: Effective goal management may potentially prevent or reduce disability in chronic pain. The aim of this study was to gain insight into the nature of goal management in the context of chronic headache (CH). METHODS: Interviews with 20 patients were conducted, coded, and analyzed using a combined data-driven and theory-driven approach. The dual process model (DPM) was used as a theoretical framework for this study. RESULTS: Participants used a combination of strategies to regain and maintain a balance between personal goals and resources available for goal pursuit...
August 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795852/a-grounded-theory-of-mothering-in-the-early-years-for-women-recovering-from-substance-use
#17
Lenora Marcellus
Women in recovery from addiction experience significant sociostructural barriers to reestablishing self, family, and home after having a baby. The aim of this grounded theory study was to describe pathways that women and their families followed and how transitions were experienced in the early years after receiving services through an integrated community-based maternity program. Eighteen women completed questionnaires and participated in a series of semistructured interviews over 2 years. The overall process women experienced was that of holding it together, which women did by restoring their sense of self during recovery, becoming a strong center for their family, and creating a sense of home no matter what the circumstances...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Family Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793963/the-effect-of-team-based-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-on-outcomes-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-patients-a-meta-analysis
#18
Sola Kim, Ki Ok Ahn, Seungmin Jeong
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine the effects of team cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on outcomes of patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed using PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane database to identify relevant articles for this meta-analysis. All studies that described the implementation of team CPR performed by emergency medical services for OHCA patients with presumed cardiac etiology were included in this study...
July 30, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792569/-evaluation-of-a-citizenship-oriented-intervention-the-citizens-project-of-the-university-of-recovery
#19
Jean-François Pelletier, Denis Pouliot-Morneau, Janie Houle, Julie Bordeleau, Sébastien Laroche, Michael Rowe
Objectives The Global Model of Public Mental Health is "global" not only in the sense of having an international perspective, but in regarding service users as actors at all levels of public mental health exerting collective and organized influence on the social determinants of health, in addition to being recipients of care. Having access to appropriate health and mental health care when needed is a fundamental human right. Having a say over the manner in which care is provided, including partnership in decision making in care planning and ongoing care, has gained increasing support among recipients and providers of care...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792293/the-opioid-epidemic-challenges-of-sustained-remission
#20
Nitin Chopra, Lauren H Marasa
Opioid use disorder is a growing epidemic, with an alarming number of associated deaths. In 2014, in the United States, 18,893 lethal overdoses were related to prescription opioids and 10,574 due to heroin. Despite the growing number of treatment options for substance use disorders, which are chronic, relapsing-remitting conditions, relapse rates remain as high as 91%. In the United States, 7.5 million children reside with at least one patient who abuses drugs or alcohol. Mothers are twice as likely to lose custody of their children...
March 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
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