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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340126/association-between-socioeconomic-status-and-access-to-care-and-quitting-smoking-with-and-without-assistance
#1
Sarah A Edwards, Russell C Callaghan, Robert E Mann, Susan J Bondy
Introduction: Socio-economic disparities in smoking rates persist, in Ontario, despite public health care and universal tobacco control policies. Mechanisms for continuing disparities are not fully understood. Unequal access or utilization of assistance for cessation may contribute. The objective of this research was to use longitudinal data on smokers to examine the associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and access to care measures and assisted and unassisted quit attempts. Methods: Data were taken from 3578 smokers with at least one follow-up interview participating in the Ontario Tobacco Survey (OTS)...
March 10, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320600/tympanometry-and-isolated-fracture-of-the-stapes
#2
C Aussedat, C Bobiller, K Gaillot, E Lescanne, D Bakhos
INTRODUCTION: Temporal bone fractures are frequently associated with ossicular dislocations or fractures, most commonly involving the incus. To our knowledge, isolated fracture of the posterior crus of the stapes has not been previously reported. CASE REPORT: A 20-year-old man consulted for persistent left hypoacusis several months after a head injury. Initial computed tomography of the temporal bone showed a simple temporal bone fracture with no other associated abnormalities...
March 17, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303785/fast-gas-chromatography-with-tandem-mass-spectrometry-analysis-of-selected-persistent-organic-pollutants-and-organophosphorus-and-synthetic-pyrethroid-pesticides-in-indian-prawn-fenneropenaeus-indicus-in-compliance-with-the-eu-mrls
#3
Durvesh Sawant, Jitendra Kelkar, Pratap Rasam, Ajit Datar, Prashant Hase, Dheeraj Handique, Ankush Bhone, Sanket Chiplunkar, Manish Hate
A fast GC with tandem MS method was developed and validated for multiresidue determination of 95 chemical contaminants(24 synthetic pyrethroids, 17 organochlorines, 17 organophosphorus compounds, 18 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and 19 polychlorinated biphenyls) in Indian prawns (<i>Fenneropenaeus indicus</i>) as per the European Union maximum residual limit requirements. Chromatographic separation and MS determination were achieved within a short run time of 18 min, without compromising sensitivity and specificity...
March 16, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303578/compulsory-community-and-involuntary-outpatient-treatment-for-people-with-severe-mental-disorders
#4
REVIEW
Steve R Kisely, Leslie A Campbell, Richard O'Reilly
BACKGROUND: It is controversial whether compulsory community treatment (CCT) for people with severe mental illness (SMI) reduces health service use, or improves clinical outcome and social functioning. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of compulsory community treatment (CCT) for people with severe mental illness (SMI). SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group's Study-Based Register of Trials (2003, 2008, 2012, 8 November 2013, 3 June 2016)...
March 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302131/a-survey-of-resistance-to-colchicine-treatment-for-french-patients-with-familial-mediterranean-fever
#5
REVIEW
Alice Corsia, Sophie Georgin-Lavialle, Véronique Hentgen, Eric Hachulla, Gilles Grateau, Albert Faye, Pierre Quartier, Linda Rossi-Semerano, Isabelle Koné-Paut
BACKGROUND: Colchicine is the standard treatment for familial Mediterranean fever (FMF), preventing attacks and inflammatory complications. True resistance is rare and yet not clearly defined. We evaluated physicians' definition of colchicine resistance and report how they manage it. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We recruited patients with a clinical diagnosis of FMF, one exon-10 Mediterranean fever (MEFV) gene mutation and considered resistant to colchicine, via networks of expert physicians...
March 16, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299795/interruption-to-antiplatelet-therapy-early-after-acute-ischaemic-stroke-a-nested-case-control-study
#6
Wardati Mazlan-Kepli, Rachael L MacIsaac, Matthew Walters, Philip Michael William Bath, Jesse Dawson
AIMS: Antiplatelet drugs are often discontinued early after ischaemic stroke, either because of poor compliance, complications or withdrawal of care. It is unclear whether this places patients at increased risk of recurrence. We explored the association between cardiovascular event rate and persistence with prescribed antiplatelet drugs. METHODS: We used a matched case-control design using the Virtual International Stroke Trials Archive (VISTA). Cases were patients who had an acute coronary syndrome, recurrent stroke or transient ischaemic attack within 90 days post-stroke and were matched for age ±10 years and sex with up to four controls...
March 16, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298485/mcak-mediated-regulation-of-endothelial-cell-microtubule-dynamics-is-mechano-sensitive-to-myosin-ii-contractility
#7
Lauren D'Angelo, Nicole M Myer, Kenneth A Myers
Compliance and dimensionality mechanosensing, the processes by which cells sense the physical attributes of the extracellular environment (ECM), are known to drive cell branching and shape change largely through a myosin-II-mediated reorganization of the actin and microtubule (MT) cytoskeletons. Subcellular regulation of MT dynamics is spatially controlled through a Rac1-Aurora-A kinase pathway that locally inhibits the MT depolymerizing activity of MCAK, thereby promoting leading-edge MT growth and cell polarization...
March 15, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291999/-seasonal-and-perennial-allergic-rhinoconjunctivitis
#8
K Schröder, D Finis, S Meller, B A Buhren, M Wagenmann, G Geerling
Seasonsal allergic conjunctivitis (SAC) and perennial allergic conjunctivitis (PAC) as well as intermittent and persistent allergic rhinitis are widespread diseases. Because a combined occurrence of ocular and nasal symptoms is very common the summarising term allergic rhinoconjunctivitis is frequently used. SAC and PAC representing the two acute forms of allergic conjunctivitis account for more than 90% of all cases of allergic conjunctivitis. Compared to the chronic forms of allergic conjunctivitis their course of disease is milder...
February 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271815/wild-game-consumption-habits-among-italian-shooters-relevance-for-intakes-of-cadmium-perfluorooctanesulphonic-acid-and-137-cesium-as-priority-contaminants
#9
Mauro Ferri, Loredana Baldi, Stefania Cavallo, Roberta Pellicanò, Gianfranco Brambilla
The consumption habits of 766 Italian shooters (96% males, 4% females), on average 52 years old, have been investigated, in Italy, through the distribution of questionnaires delivered during shooters' attendance to training and teaching courses, in compliance with 853/2004/EC Regulation provisions on food hygiene. The most consumed wild species recorded were pheasant > woodcock > choke among feathered animals, and wild boar > hare > roe deer among mammals, respectively. An average of 100-200 g game per serving (four servings per month) was consumed, with highest intakes of 3000 g per month; meat, liver, and heart were the preferred food items...
March 8, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271660/prognostic-value-of-human-papillomavirus-16-18-genotyping-in-low-grade-cervical-lesions-preceded-by-mildly-abnormal-cytology
#10
Jing Ye, Bei Cheng, Yi-Fan Cheng, Ye-Li Yao, Xing Xie, Wei-Guo Lu, Xiao-Dong Cheng
Histological low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion/cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 1 (LSIL/CIN1) preceded by normal or mildly abnormal cytology is recommended for conservative follow-up, with no separated management. In this study, we assessed the triage value of human papillomavirus (HPV) 16/18 genotyping in 273 patients with LSIL/CIN1. HPV16/18 genotyping was performed at baseline and follow-up was at 6-monthly intervals for up to 2 years. At each follow-up, women positive for cytology or high-risk HPV (hrHPV) were referred for colposcopy...
2017: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265718/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-once-yearly-injection-of-zoledronic-acid-for-the-treatment-of-osteoporosis-in-japan
#11
K Moriwaki, M Mouri, H Hagino
Model-based economic evaluation was performed to assess the cost-effectiveness of zoledronic acid. Although zoledronic acid was dominated by alendronate, the incremental quality-adjusted life year (QALY) was quite small in extent. Considering the advantage of once-yearly injection of zoledronic acid in persistence, zoledronic acid might be a cost-effective treatment option compared to once-weekly oral alendronate. INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to estimate the cost-effectiveness of once-yearly injection of zoledronic acid for the treatment of osteoporosis in Japan...
March 6, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265717/the-importance-of-physical-function-to-people-with-osteoporosis
#12
C Kerr, C Bottomley, S Shingler, L Giangregorio, H M de Freitas, C Patel, S Randall, D T Gold
There is increasing need to understand patient outcomes in osteoporosis. This article discusses that fracture in osteoporosis can lead to a cycle of impairment, driven by complex psychosocial factors, having a profound impact on physical function/activity which accumulates over time. More information is required on how treatments impact physical function. INTRODUCTION: There is increasing need to understand patient-centred outcomes in osteoporosis (OP) clinical research and management...
March 6, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262324/compliance-instead-of-flexibility-on-age-related-differences-in-cognitive-control-during-visual-search
#13
Christine Mertes, Edmund Wascher, Daniel Schneider
The effect of healthy aging on cognitive control of irrelevant visual information was investigated by using event-related potentials. Participants performed a spatial cuing task where an irrelevant color cue that was either contingent (color search) or noncontingent (shape search) on the attentional set was presented before a target with different stimulus-onset asynchronies. In the contingent condition, attentional capture appeared independent of age and persisted over the stimulus-onset asynchronies but was markedly pronounced for elderly people...
February 11, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252312/-management-of-recurrent-stress-urinary-incontinence-after-anti-incontinence-surgery
#14
A Martan, J Mašata, K Švabík
OBJECTIVE: The review article describes the possibilities of procedures for failed anti-incontinence surgery - sling procedure or "bulking agent"? DESIGN: Review article. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, General Faculty Hospital and 1st Medical Faculty, Charles University, Prague. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The correct choice of procedure type to treat persistent SUI (Stress Urinary Incontinence) which persists or soon reoccurs after anti-incontinence surgery is often problematic...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251431/48%C3%A2-h-cessation-of-mechanical-ventilation-during-venovenous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-severe-trauma-a-case-report
#15
Justyna Swol, Yann Fülling, Christopher Ull, Matthias Bechtel, Thomas A Schildhauer
A 32-year-old motorcyclist who was hit by a tram subsequently presented with blunt force thoracic trauma, a pelvic fracture and a penetrating injury to the left lower extremity. Coagulopathy persisted following surgery of the leg and pelvic vascular intervention. Bedside thoracotomy was performed to treat pneumothorax and pneumopericardium. Severe hypoxemia secondary to lung failure ensued, which required venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV ECMO) support. On the third day after the trauma, ultra-protective mechanical ventilation was not possible due to non-existent lung compliance; thus, the ventilator was disconnected, and the T-piece was connected to the blocked tracheal tube left in the airway...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248009/low-compliance-in-a-health-conscience-spending-era-likely-helps-obviates-the-need-for-6-month-bi-rads-3-breast-mri-follow-up-after-1-year
#16
Andrew Mosier, Esha Gupta, Dana Ataya, Kavita Bhatt, Alice Rim
The goal of our IRB-approved study was to assess if a follow-up MRI every 6 months for 2 years is the most appropriate short-interval follow-up schedule. 203 breast MRI exams were performed from October 2009 to January 2014 as part of a BI-RADS 3 follow-up representing 2.6% of all breast MRIs (7,822) performed. We performed a retrospective longitudinal medical records review of compliance; malignancy rate of BI-RADS 3 exams; and average time and number of breast MRIs necessary prior to definitive disposition...
March 1, 2017: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243883/two-year-persistence-and-compliance-with-osteoporosis-therapies-among-postmenopausal-women-in-a-commercially-insured-population-in-the-united-states
#17
Emily Durden, Lionel Pinto, Lorena Lopez-Gonzalez, Paul Juneau, Richard Barron
This retrospective, observational study assessed 2-year persistence and compliance by treatment, route of administration, and dosing frequency in postmenopausal women initiating a new osteoporosis therapy. Two-year persistence and compliance rates were higher in women receiving injectables compared with oral agents. PURPOSE: This study extends previous studies limited to 1-year follow-up by examining persistence with osteoporosis therapies over a 2-year period and compares short- and long-term trends in persistence and compliance among postmenopausal women with commercial or Medicare supplemental insurance in the USA...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221264/efficacy-and-safety-of-combined-oral-chelation-with-deferiprone-and-deferasirox-in-children-with-%C3%AE-thalassemia-major-an-experience-from-north-india
#18
Nupur Parakh, Jagdish Chandra, Sunita Sharma, Bhavna Dhingra, Rajesh Jain, DeoNath Mahto
OBJECTIVE: A combination of desferrioxamine with either deferiprone (DFP) or deferasirox (DFX) for patients with β-thalassemia major who do not achieve negative iron balance with monotherapy has been studied widely. However, poor compliance resulting from the need for parentral administration of desferrioxamine and its cost necessicitates combining 2 oral chelators. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in patients with transfusion-dependent β-thalassemia major in a tertiary care center over 2 years...
April 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221160/-urinary-lithiasis-the-patient-also-plays
#19
Juan Antonio Galán Llopis, Aleixandre Vergés Prósper, Helena Pérez-Seoane Ballester, Eva Escudero Fontano, Leonardo Tortolero Blanco
Renal lithiasis is known for its high incidence and prevalence, but mainly for its morbidity and recurrence. Despite a good indication and appropriate surgical treatment, the essential problem, the origin of the formation of the stones, generally persists and it is not uncommon that patients suffer multiple treatments and discomfort secondary to ancillary measures normally used to prevent complications. It is widely known, for consistency, that a prophylactic treatment with general or, in a smaller group of patients, specific measures are appropriate to diminish recurrences...
January 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221060/outcomes-for-adolescents-who-comply-with-long-term-psychosocial-treatment-for-adhd
#20
Brandon K Schultz, Steven W Evans, Joshua M Langberg, Alexander M Schoemann
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a large (N = 216) multisite clinical trial of the Challenging Horizons Program (CHP)-a yearlong afterschool program that provides academic and interpersonal skills training for adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Intent-to-treat analyses suggest that, as predicted, the CHP resulted in significant reductions in problem behaviors and academic impairment when compared to community care. However, attendance in the CHP ranged from zero to 60 sessions, raising questions about optimal dosing...
March 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
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