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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185689/imaging-of-acute-pelvic-pain-in-girls-ovarian-torsion-and-beyond-%C3%A2
#1
REVIEW
Lena Naffaa, Tejaswini Deshmukh, Shanthan Tumu, Chris Johnson, Kevin P Boyd, Arthur B Meyers
Identifying the etiology of acute pelvic pain in girls is often clinically challenging. Particularly in young girls, it is often difficult to determine if acute pelvic symptoms are originating from a gynecologic source or from a genitourinary or gastrointestinal etiology based on the child's clinical examination alone. Therefore, imaging plays a key role in establishing a diagnosis and in directing medical and surgical treatment. Pediatric gynecologic conditions, which can present acutely with pain or mass or both include ovarian torsion, hematometrocolpos, pelvic inflammatory disease, inguinal hernias containing an ovary or the uterus or both, adnexal cysts, pregnancy, vaginal foreign bodies, and ovarian vein thrombosis...
December 21, 2016: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976637/thromboembolic-events-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#2
Farjah H Algahtani, Youssef M K Farag, Abdulrahman M Aljebreen, Nahla A Alazzam, Aamer S Aleem, Fouad F Jabri, Mohammad H Rajab, Mohamed M Shoukri
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease) is characterized by a chronic inflammatory condition, and is accompanied by abnormalities in coagulation and a hyper-coagulable state. This study was conducted to examine the risk factors for developing Thromboembolic Events in Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) in a population with prevalent consanguinity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with a definitive diagnosis of IBD who were seen in the gastroenterology clinic of King Khalid University Hospital (Riyadh, Saudi Arabia) from 2010- to 2012, were asked to participate in this prospective cohort study, and were followed for one 1 year...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966293/beh%C3%A3-et-syndrome-the-vascular-cluster
#3
Hasan Yazıcı, Emire Seyahi
Although skin-mucosa lesions are common in almost all patients with Behçet syndrome (BS), clinical properties may differ from one patient to another. Within BS, there are subsets with different organ involvement and hence probably different pathological pathways. These subsets can be described as a) solo skin-mucosa disease with no major organ involvement, b) eye disease, c) seronegative spondyloarthropathy-like disease (arthritis, enthesopathy, and folliculitis), d) Crohn-like disease, and finally the topic of this chapter: e) vascular disease...
November 17, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920658/isolated-bilateral-gastrocnemius-myositis-in-crohn-disease-successfully-treated-with-adalimumab
#4
Salvatore Vadala di Prampero, Marco Marino, Francesco Toso, Claudio Avellini, Vu Nguyen, Dario Sorrentino
Extraintestinal manifestations are common in inflammatory bowel disease; however, muscular involvement in Crohn disease is rarely reported. We present a case of a 26-year-old male with ileocolonic Crohn disease who developed sudden tenderness in both calves. Doppler ultrasound was negative for deep vein thrombosis. Magnetic resonance imaging of the gastrocnemius muscle showed high intensity signal in the muscle fibers, and muscle biopsy demonstrated nonspecific lymphocytic myositis. Other relevant laboratory results included normal antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies and creatine kinase as well as elevated C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae IgG titer...
September 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920646/successful-treatment-of-small-intestinal-bleeding-in-a-crohn-s-patient-with-noncirrhotic-portal-hypertension-by-transjugular-portosystemic-shunt-placement-and-infliximab-treatment
#5
Benjamin Heimgartner, Heather Dawson, Andrea De Gottardi, Reiner Wiest, Jan Hendrik Niess
Small intestinal bleeding in Crohn's disease patients with noncirrhotic portal hypertension and partial portal and superior mesenteric vein thrombosis is a life-threatening event. Here, a case is reported in which treatment with azathioprine may have resulted in nodular regenerative hyperplasia, portal hypertension and portal vein thrombosis. The 56-year-old patient with Crohn's disease developed nodular regenerative hyperplasia under treatment with azathioprine. He was admitted with severe bleeding. Gastroscopy showed small esophageal varices without bleeding stigmata...
September 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791958/one-year-in-review-2016-beh%C3%A3-et-s-syndrome
#6
REVIEW
Gulen Hatemi, Emire Seyahi, Izzet Fresko, Rosaria Talarico, Vedat Hamuryudan
Several articles highlighting the epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical features, treatment modalities and disease assessment of Behçet's syndrome (BS) have been published during the last year. Clinical and radiological features of lower extremity deep vein thrombosis due to BS can be quite different than those found in thrombosis due to other causes; additionally, frequency of post-thrombotic syndrome is significantly increased in BS. Some clinical and colonoscopic features are useful in differentiating BS from Crohn's disease...
September 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785551/the-effect-of-pre-operative-optimization-on-post-operative-outcome-in-crohn-s-disease-resections
#7
Alaa El-Hussuna, Igors Iesalnieks, Nir Horesh, Sabah Hadi, Yael Dreznik, Oded Zmora
BACKGROUND: The timing of surgical intervention in Crohn's disease (CD) may depend on pre-operative optimization (PO) which includes different interventions to decrease the risk for unfavourable post-operative outcome. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of multi-model PO on the post-operative outcome in CD. METHOD: This is a multicentre retrospective cohort study. The primary outcome was 30-day post-operative complications. Secondary outcomes were intra-abdominal septic complications, surgical site infection (SSI), re-operation, length of post-operative stay in a hospital and re-admission...
January 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776257/fatal-coronary-sinus-thrombosis-due-to-hypercoagulability-in-crohn-s-disease
#8
Janet Martin, Vidhya Nair, Allison Edgecombe
A 27-year-old male, admitted to hospital for a psoas muscle abscess secondary to Crohn's disease, suddenly died while in hospital. A medicolegal autopsy showed coronary sinus thrombosis. Coronary sinus thrombosis is rare and is usually associated with invasive cardiac procedures. Coronary sinus thrombosis associated with Crohn's disease has not been reported. Autopsy examination of the coronary sinus is advocated, especially in individuals with hypercoagulable states.
January 2017: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716765/-venous-tromboembolism-in-a-patient-with-crohn-disease-with-ileal-stenosis
#9
Carlos García Encinas, Patricia Guzmán Rojas, Jorge Espinoza-Rios, Víctor Aguilar Sánchez, Eduar Bravo Paredes, Andrea Portocarrero, Jorge Huerta-Mercado, Jaime Cáceres Pizarro, Alejandro Bussalleu Rivera
Inflammatory bowel disease is associated with extraintestinal manifestations. Among these manifestations is the venous tromboembolism which presents a risk three times more than that presented in general population. We report the case of a 61-year-old male with a history of abdominal pain, chronic diarrhea and fever, with leukocytosis, and fecal samples containing leukocytes, partial ileal stenosis with multiple ulcers in the enteroscopy, with histologic findings compatible with Crohn's disease. The patient has a good outcome with prednisone and maintenence azathioprine, presenting at the fifth month deep venous thrombosis of both lower extremities that resolvewith anticoagulation treatment...
July 2016: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712010/hepatic-manifestations-of-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#10
Sophie Restellini, Olivier Chazouillères, Jean-Louis Frossard
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are associated with various hepatobiliary disorders, reported both in Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). They may occur at any moment in the natural course of the disease. The prevalence of liver dysfunction rises from 3% to 50% accordingly to definitions. Fatty liver is considered as the most common hepatobiliary complication in IBD whilst primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) the most specific one. Less frequently, IBD-associated hepatobiliary disorders include: autoimmune hepatitis/PSC overlap syndrome, IgG4-associated cholangiopathy, primary biliary cholangitis (PBC), hepatic amyloidosis, granulomatous hepatitis, cholelithiasis, portal vein thrombosis, and liver abscess...
October 6, 2016: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27309405/when-a-good-call-leads-to-a-bad-connection-colovesical-fistula-in-colorectal-cancer-treated-with-bevacizumab
#11
Jeffrey Chen, Roger D Smalligan, Suhasini Nadesan
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in the United States. The use of bevacizumab (Avastin), a vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitor, has been increasing due to observed improvement in metastatic colon cancer survival, but so has the incidence of bowel perforation. We present one unusual complication of bowel perforation, a colovesical fistula in a colorectal cancer patient treated with bevacizumab. CASE PRESENTATION: A 54-year-old white male diagnosed with Stage IV colorectal cancer was treated with folinic acid, leucovorin, fluorouracil, oxaliplatin (FOLFOX) and bevacizumab...
August 2016: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27306071/hormonal-contraception-use-is-common-among-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-and-an-elevated-risk-of-deep-vein-thrombosis
#12
Cary C Cotton, Donna Baird, Robert S Sandler, Millie D Long
BACKGROUND: Persons with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have an increased risk of venous thromboembolism. We sought to examine whether the self-report of hormonal contraception (HC), as a proxy for exposure to estrogen-based contraception, was less common for women with multiple risk factors for venous thromboembolism. METHODS: We examined the prevalence of personal use of hormonal birth control in a large internet-based cohort of patients with IBD. To determine whether HC was less common among patients with IBD with increased risk of thrombosis, we estimated unadjusted and adjusted prevalence ratios (PRs) for the use of HC...
July 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27211077/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-venous-thromboembolic-complications-in-the-swiss-inflammatory-bowel-disease-cohort
#13
Adriano Alatri, Alain Schoepfer, Nicolas Fournier, Rolf Peter Engelberger, Ekaterina Safroneeva, Stephan Vavricka, Luc Biedermann, Luca Calanca, Lucia Mazzolai
OBJECTIVE: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), is associated with the occurrence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) such as deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). We aimed to assess the prevalence and associated risk factors for VTE in a large national cohort of IBD patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from patients of the Swiss IBD Cohort Study (SIBDCS) enrolled between 2006 and 2013 were analyzed...
October 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27109980/adult-intestinal-and-multivisceral-transplantation-experience-from-a-single-center-in-the-united-kingdom
#14
C S Rutter, I Amin, N K Russell, L M Sharkey, A J Butler, S J Middleton
Cambridge is one of two designated adult intestinal transplant centers in the United Kingdom and has performed 60 transplants on 54 patients since 2007; 52% of these were undertaken in the last 3 years. This increasing trend is in contrast with that reported worldwide; 27% were small bowel grafts (SBT), 15% modified multivisceral (MMVT), and 58% multivisceral (MVT). Median recipient age was 47 years; the female-to-male ratio was 27/33. Primary diseases included visceral arterial thromboses (17%), Crohn's disease (17%), motility disorders (12%), visceral venous thromboses (12%), familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP)/desmoids (8%), alcoholic cirrhosis (3%), nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (3%), ulcerative colitis (2%), and other (15%)...
March 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26974760/intestinal-failure-adaptation-rehabilitation-and-transplantation
#15
REVIEW
Shishira Bharadwaj, Parul Tandon, Krishna Meka, John M Rivas, Andrea Jevenn, Ning-Tsu Kuo, Ezra Steiger
Intestinal failure (IF) is a state in which the nutritional demands are not met by the gastrointestinal absorptive surface. A majority of IF cases are associated with short-bowel syndrome, which is a result of malabsorption after significant intestinal resection for numerous reasons, some of which include Crohn's disease, vascular thrombosis, and radiation enteritis. IF can also be caused by obstruction, dysmotility, and congenital defects. Recognition and management of IF can be challenging, given the complex nature of this condition...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26966473/deep-vein-thrombosis-of-the-left-lower-limb-in-a-12-year-old-female-child-with-ulcerative-colitis-case-report
#16
Elżbieta Krzesiek, Urszula Zaleska-Dorobisz, Barbara Iwańczak, Andrzej T Dorobisz
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease includes ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. CASE REPORT: This case report presents a patient with ulcerative colitis, with thrombotic complication of the left common iliac vein that occurred at the age of 11, two years after diagnosis. After a year of anticoagulation and compression therapy, although exacerbations of underlying disease occurred in the first 6 months of treatment, there was no recurrence of deep venous thrombosis, partial recanalization within affected venous system has been achieved and the patient is remission of ulcerative colitis for the last six months...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26884741/cerebral-venous-thrombosis-in-a-patient-with-crohn-s-disease
#17
Young-Hak Cho, Min Kyu Chae, Jae Myung Cha, Joung Il Lee, Kwang Ro Joo, Hyun Phil Shin, Il Hyun Baek, Jung Won Jeon, Jun Uk Lim, In Taik Hong, Hye-Jin Ki, Jae Bin Kang
Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have an elevated risk of venous thromboembolism compared with the general population. The most common sites of venous thromboembolism in IBD patients are the deep veins of the legs, the pulmonary system, and portal and mesenteric veins. However, cerebral venous thrombosis is rarely associated with IBD. This report describes a case of cerebral venous thrombosis in a patient with Crohn's disease. A 17-year-old girl, diagnosed 4 years earlier with Crohn's disease, presented with headache and vomiting...
January 2016: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26596924/challenges-in-the-medical-and-surgical-management-of-chronic-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#18
REVIEW
Ellen H Bailey, Sean C Glasgow
Inflammatory bowel disease patients will likely come to the surgeon's attention at some point in their course of disease, and they present several unique anatomic, metabolic, and physiologic challenges. Specific and well-recognized complications of chronic Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis are presented as well as an organized and evidence-based approach to the medical and surgical management of such disease sequelae. Topics addressed in this article include intestinal fistula and short bowel syndrome, pouch complications, and deep venous thrombosis with emphasis placed on optimization of the patient's physiologic state for best outcomes...
December 2015: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26513610/thromboembolism-as-an-important-complication-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#19
Lize Bollen, Niels Vande Casteele, Vera Ballet, Gert van Assche, Marc Ferrante, Séverine Vermeire, Ann Gils
BACKGROUND: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have a higher risk of developing thromboembolic events (TE) compared with the healthy population. AIM: This study aimed to describe a cohort of IBD patients with a history of TE focusing on recurrence of TE, disease activity and IBD medication at the time of TE and surgery before TE. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective monocentric cohort study, we included IBD patients in whom an arterial and/or venous TE occurred...
January 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26446687/protein-losing-enteropathy-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#20
REVIEW
F Furfaro, C Bezzio, G Maconi
Protein-loosing enteropathy in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) is an uncommon complication, but should be considered in any patient with hypoproteinemia in whom other causes have been excluded such as concomitant hepatic disease, severe malnutrition or proteinuria. The diagnosis is based on determination of fecal alpha-1 antitripsin clearance and stool analysis. Prognosis depends upon the patient and the disease location, severity and complication. Treatment is directed at control of the underlying IBDs but also includes albumin infusion in the most severe cases of hypoalbuminemia and fluid retention, dietary modifications for recovery and maintenance of nutritional status and supportive care to prevent further complication like deep venous thrombosis...
December 2015: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
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