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Diffuse noxious inhibitory control

K Bannister, S Lockwood, L Goncalves, R Patel, A H Dickenson
BACKGROUND: Following neuropathy α2-adrenoceptor-mediated diffuse noxious inhibitory controls (DNIC), whereby a noxious conditioning stimulus inhibits the activity of spinal wide dynamic range (WDR) neurons, are abolished, and spinal 5-HT7 receptor densities are increased. Here, we manipulate spinal 5-HT content in spinal nerve ligated (SNL) animals and investigate which 5-HT receptor mediated actions predominate. METHODS: Using in vivo electrophysiology we recorded WDR neuronal responses to von frey filaments applied to the hind paw before, and concurrent to, a noxious ear pinch (the conditioning stimulus) in isoflurane-anaesthetised rats...
November 28, 2016: European Journal of Pain: EJP
J Meléndez-Gallardo, A Eblen-Zajjur
Most of the endogenous pain modulation (EPM) involves the spinal dorsal horn (SDH). EPM including diffuse noxious inhibitory controls have been extensively described in oligoneuronal electrophysiological recordings but less attention had been paid to responses of the SDH neuronal population to heterotopic noxious stimulation (HNS). Spinal somatosensory-evoked potentials (SEP) offer the possibility to evaluate the neuronal network behavior, reflecting the incoming afferent volleys along the entry root, SDH interneuron activities and the primary afferent depolarization...
September 2016: Neurological Sciences
Yasuo Itomi, Yasuhiro Tsukimi, Toru Kawamura
Fibromyalgia is characterized by chronic widespread musculoskeletal pain. A hypofunction in descending pain inhibitory systems is considered to be involved in the chronic pain of fibromyalgia. We examined functional changes in descending pain inhibitory systems in rats with specific alternation of rhythm in temperature (SART) stress, by measuring the strength of diffuse noxious inhibitory controls (DNIC). Hindpaw withdrawal thresholds to mechanical von Frey filament or fiber-specific electrical stimuli by the Neurometer system were used to measure the pain response...
August 5, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
Suzuro Hitomi, Konrad Kross, Masayuki Kurose, Frank Porreca, Ian D Meng
AIMS: Overuse of medications used to treat migraine headache can increase the frequency of headaches. Sudden abstinence from migraine medication can also lead to a period of withdrawal-induced headaches. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of morphine withdrawal localized to the rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM) on the activity of dura-sensitive spinal trigeminal nucleus caudalis (Vc) neurons. METHODS: Rats were implanted with either morphine or placebo pellets for six to seven days before the microinjection of naloxone methiodide or phosphate-buffered saline into the RVM in urethane-anesthetized animals...
May 6, 2016: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
Nabi Rustamov, Jessica Tessier, Benjamin Provencher, Alexandre Lehmann, Mathieu Piché
Heterotopic noxious counter-stimulation (HNCS) inhibits pain and pain processes through cerebral and cerebrospinal mechanisms. However, it is unclear whether HNCS inhibits non-nociceptive processes, which needs to be clarified for a better understanding of HNCS analgesia. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of HNCS on perception and scalp somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs). Seventeen healthy volunteers participated in two counter-balanced sessions, including non-nociceptive (selective Aβ-fibre activation) or nociceptive electrical stimulation, combined with HNCS...
July 2016: European Journal of Neuroscience
Bahar Shahidi, Douglas Curran-Everett, Katrina S Maluf
UNLABELLED: The purpose of this investigation was to identify modifiable risk factors for the development of first-onset chronic neck pain among an inception cohort of healthy individuals working in a high-risk occupation. Candidate risk factors identified from previous studies were categorized into psychosocial, physical, and neurophysiological domains, which were assessed concurrently in a baseline evaluation of 171 office workers within the first 3 months of hire. Participants completed monthly online surveys over the subsequent year to identify the presence of chronic interfering neck pain, defined as a Neck Disability Index score ≥5 points for 3 or more months...
December 2015: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
Diana M Torta, Maxim V Churyukanov, Leon Plaghki, André Mouraux
Human studies have shown that heterotopic nociceptive conditioning stimulation (HNCS) applied to a given body location reduces the percept and brain responses elicited by noxious test stimuli delivered at a remote body location. It remains unclear to what extent this effect of HNCS relies on the spinal-bulbar-spinal loop mediating the effect of diffuse noxious inhibitory controls (DNICs) described in animals, and/or on top-down cortical mechanisms modulating nociception. Importantly, some studies have examined the effects of HNCS on the brain responses to nociceptive input conveyed by Aδ-fibres...
November 2015: European Journal of Neuroscience
Yasuo Itomi, Toru Kawamura, Yasuhiro Tsukimi
It is known that specific alteration of rhythm in temperature (SART) stress produces somatic pain. However, it remains to be investigated whether SART stress induces visceral pain. In this study, we investigated the visceral hypersensitivity in the SART stress model by pharmacological tools and heterotopical nociception. Four-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to repeated cold stress. Visceral pain was measured by visceromotor response to colorectal distension, and the effects of alosetron and duloxetine on visceral pain were investigated in SART rats...
September 2015: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Kirsty Bannister, Ryan Patel, Leonor Goncalves, Louisa Townson, Anthony H Dickenson
Diffuse noxious inhibitory controls (DNICs) utilize descending inhibitory controls through poorly understood brain stem pathways. The human counterpart, conditioned pain modulation, is reduced in patients with neuropathy aligned with animal data showing a loss of descending inhibitory noradrenaline controls together with a gain of 5-HT3 receptor-mediated facilitations after neuropathy. We investigated the pharmacological basis of DNIC and whether it can be restored after neuropathy. Deep dorsal horn neurons were activated by von Frey filaments applied to the hind paw, and DNIC was induced by a pinch applied to the ear in isoflurane-anaesthetized animals...
September 2015: Pain
Lin-lin Shen, Guo-fu Huang, Wen Tian, Ling-ling Yu, Xiao-cui Yuan, Zhao-qing Zhang, Jing Yin, Chao-yang Ma, Guo-wei Cai, Jian-wu Li, Ming-qiao Ding, Wei He, Xin-yan Gao, Bing Zhu, Xiang-hong Jing, Man Li
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that electroacupuncture (EA) has a significant effect on acute pain, but it has not solved the clinical problem of the chronification of acute pain. Diffuse noxious inhibitory controls (DNIC) function as a reliable indicator to predict the risk of chronic pain events. DNIC function in knee osteoarthritis (KOA) patients has been demonstrated to gradually decrease during the development of chronic pain. The purpose of this study is to conduct a randomized, controlled clinical trial to determine if EA can repair impaired DNIC function and thus prevent chronification of the acute pain of KOA...
2015: Trials
Eric Osgood, Jeremiah J Trudeau, Thomas A Eaton, Mark P Jensen, Arnold Gammaitoni, Lee S Simon, Nathaniel Katz
There are no standardized bedside assessments for subtyping patients with osteoarthritis (OA) based on pain mechanisms. Thus, we developed a bedside sensory testing kit (BSTK) to classify OA patients based on sensory profiles potentially indicative of pain mechanism. After usability and informal reliability testing (n = 22), the kit was tested in a formal reliability study (n = 20). Patients completed questionnaires and sensory testing: pressure algometry to detect hyperalgesia; repeat algometry after heterotopic noxious conditioning stimulation to measure diffuse noxious inhibitory control (DNIC); light touch using Von Frey filaments; and cold allodynia using a brass rod...
June 2015: Rheumatology International
Yi Zhang, Shihab Ahmed, Trang Vo, Kristin St Hilaire, Mary Houghton, Abigail S Cohen, Jianren Mao, Lucy Chen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the sensitivity to experimental pain of chronic pain patients on opioid therapy vs chronic pain patients on non-opioid therapy and healthy subjects by quantitative sensory testing (QST). SETTING: There is a growing body of evidence demonstrating that chronic use of opioid drugs may alter pain sensitivity. Identifying the characteristic changes in thermal pain sensitivity in chronic opioid users will be helpful in diagnosing pain sensitivity alterations associated with chronic opioid use...
May 2015: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Nils Chaillet, Loubna Belaid, Chantal Crochetière, Louise Roy, Guy-Paul Gagné, Jean Marie Moutquin, Michel Rossignol, Marylène Dugas, Maggy Wassef, Julie Bonapace
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of nonpharmacologic approaches to pain relief during labor, according to their endogenous mechanism of action, on obstetric interventions, maternal, and neonatal outcomes. DATA SOURCE: Cochrane library, Medline, Embase, CINAHL and the MRCT databases were used to screen studies from January 1990 to December 2012. STUDY SELECTION: According to Cochrane criteria, we selected randomized controlled trials that compared nonpharmacologic approaches for pain relief during labor to usual care, using intention-to-treat method...
June 2014: Birth
R Chebbi, N Boyer, L Monconduit, A Artola, P Luccarini, R Dallel
Diffuse noxious inhibitory controls (DNIC) are very powerful long-lasting descending inhibitory controls which are pivotal in modulating the activity of spinal and trigeminal nociceptive neurons. DNIC are subserved by a loop involving supraspinal structures such as the lateral parabrachial nucleus and the subnucleus reticularis dorsalis. Surprisingly, though, whether the nucleus raphe magnus (NRM), another supraspinal area which is long known to be important in pain modulation, is involved in DNIC is still a matter of discussion...
June 2014: Experimental Neurology
Nelly Boyer, Radhouane Dallel, Alain Artola, Lénaïc Monconduit
Migraine is a chronic disease with episodic manifestations. In a subgroup, attack frequency increases over time, leading to chronic migraine. One of the most important risk factors for migraine progression is frequency of headache attacks at baseline. Unfortunately, the actual effects of repeated activation of dural nociceptors are poorly known. We investigated the behavioral, anatomical, and electrophysiological changes induced by repeated low- and high-intensity stimulation of meningeal nociceptor by injecting an inflammatory soup in rats...
July 2014: Pain
Raymonde Scheuren, Fernand Anton, Nathalie Erpelding, Gilles Michaux
Heterotopic noxious counter-stimulation (HNCS) is commonly used to study endogenous pain control systems. The resulting pain inhibition is primarily based on spinal cord-brainstem loops. Recently, functional imaging studies have shown that limbic structures like the anterior cingulate cortex and amygdala are also implicated. Since these structures are involved in learning processes, it is possible that the HNCS-induced pain inhibition may depend on specific cues from the environment that have been associated with pain reduction through associative learning...
2014: PloS One
M Teepker, M Kunz, M Peters, B Kundermann, K Schepelmann, S Lautenbacher
BACKGROUND: Migraine is a common headache disorder that can vary menstrually in women and has been linked to an impairment of endogenous pain inhibitory systems. One of these endogenous pain inhibitory systems, namely conditioned pain modulation (CPM; formerly diffuse noxious inhibitory controls-like), has been shown to be affected by the menstrual cycle. The aim of this study was to examine CPM over the menstrual cycle in migraineurs and healthy controls. METHODS: Twenty healthy women and 32 female migraineurs were examined on days 1, 4, 14 and 22 of the menstrual cycle...
August 2014: European Journal of Pain: EJP
Janice E Sumpton, Dwight E Moulin
Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain condition present in 2-4% of the population. Fibromyalgia consists of widespread pain with similarities to neuropathic pain in clinical findings, pathophysiology, and neuropharmacology. Pain is the predominant symptom and allodynia and hyperalgesia are common signs. Extreme fatigue, impaired cognition and nonrestorative sleep difficulties coexist in addition to other somatic symptoms. Research including neuroimaging investigations shows abnormalities in neurotransmitters and an abnormal response to pain...
2014: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
E S Smits, R W Selles, F J P Huygen, L S Duraku, S E R Hovius, E T Walbeehm
BACKGROUND: Conditioned pain modulation (CPM) is a phenomenon of 'pain inhibiting pain' that is important for understanding idiopathic pain syndromes. Because the pathophysiology of posttraumatic cold intolerance is still unknown but it could involve similar mechanisms as idiopathic pain syndromes, we evaluated the functioning of the CPM system in patients with posttraumatic cold intolerance compared to healthy controls. METHODS: Fourteen healthy controls and 24 patients diagnosed with cold intolerance using the Cold Intolerance Symptom Severity questionnaire were included in the study...
January 2014: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Philip Woodland, Daniel Sifrim, Anne Lund Krarup, Christina Brock, Jens Brøndum Frøkjaer, Christian Lottrup, Asbjørn Mohr Drewes, Lee L Swanstrom, Adam D Farmer
This paper reports on the neurophysiology of the esophagus, including on the uneven distribution of innervation in the esophagus, reflected by the increased sensitivity and perception of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) events in the proximal rather than distal esophagus; the role of the enteric nervous system (ENS) in swallowing; the role of the physiological stress-responsive systems, including the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in mediating esophageal pain; the advances in understanding pain mechanisms and brain structure provided by technological imaging advances; investigations into the efficacy of the descending-pain control system, including diffuse noxious inhibitory control (DNIC); the role of abnormal nervous signaling in afferent pathways in the pathogenesis of Barrett's esophagus (BE); and the contribution of the esophageal mucosa to reflux symptoms...
October 2013: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
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