keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Polyuria

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933767/pyometra-in-small-animals
#1
REVIEW
Ragnvi Hagman
Pyometra is a common disease in dogs and cats. Hormones and opportunistic bacteria are fundamental in the development, with progesterone playing a key role. The disease should be suspected in intact bitches and queens presenting with illness, and particularly if within 4 months after estrus. Early diagnosis and treatment are vital to increase chances of survival as endotoxemia and sepsis often are induced. Typical clinical signs include vaginal discharge, depression, anorexia, polyuria and polydipsia, fever and gastrointestinal disturbances...
July 2018: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930026/society-for-endocrinology-clinical-guidance-inpatient-management-of-cranial-diabetes-insipidus
#2
S E Baldeweg, S Ball, A Brooke, H K Gleeson, M J Levy, M Prentice, J Wass
Cranial diabetes insipidus (CDI) is a treatable chronic condition that can potentially develop into a life-threatening medical emergency. CDI is due to the relative or absolute lack of the posterior pituitary hormone vasopressin (AVP), also known as anti-diuretic hormone. AVP deficiency results in uncontrolled diuresis. Complete deficiency can lead to polyuria exceeding 10 L/24 h. Given a functioning thirst mechanism and free access to water, patients with CDI can normally maintain adequate fluid balance through increased drinking...
July 2018: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905099/diabetes-mellitus-with-concurrent-cerebellar-degeneration-and-necrosis-in-a-domestic-goose-anser-anser-domesticus
#3
Peter M DiGeronimo, Nicholas A Crossland, Angela Jugan, Javier G Nevarez, Thomas N Tully, Dawn E Evans
A 5-year-old sexually intact male Toulouse goose ( Anser anser domesticus) was presented for ataxia, polyuria, and polydipsia. The goose was cachectic and exhibited head tremors. Results of plasma biochemical analysis and point-of-care glucometry revealed persistent hyperglycemia. Despite supportive care and oral glipizide, the goose died within 48 hours of presentation. Necropsy revealed severe pancreatic atrophy and fibrosis with regionally extensive cerebellar encephalomalacia and generalized Purkinje cell degeneration and necrosis...
June 2018: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901649/nephrogenic-diabetes-insipidus-in-initial-stage-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-and-relapse-after-haploidentical-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-a-case-report
#4
Dezhi Li, Qian Liu, Zhifang Feng, Qi Zhang, Saran Feng
RATIONALE: Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI) rarely presents in the initial stage of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and relapse due to renal infiltration is also rare. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 19-year-old man presented with weakness, polydipsia, and polyuria for 1 month. DIAGNOSES: NDI was diagnosed with insignificant response to a water deprivation test after stimulation with vasopressin injection. Bone marrow examination combined with immunophenotypic analysis, cerebrospinal cytology, and abdominal ultrasonography confirmed the diagnoses of precursor B cell ALL with renal infiltration...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886132/chemical-chaperone-4-phenylbutylate-reduces-mutant-protein-accumulation-in-the-endoplasmic-reticulum-of-arginine-vasopressin-neurons-in-a-mouse-model-for-familial-neurohypophysial-diabetes-insipidus
#5
Masayoshi Tochiya, Daisuke Hagiwara, Yoshinori Azuma, Takashi Miyata, Yoshiaki Morishita, Hidetaka Suga, Takeshi Onoue, Taku Tsunekawa, Hiroshi Takagi, Yoshihiro Ito, Shintaro Iwama, Motomitsu Goto, Ryoichi Banno, Hiroshi Arima
Familial neurohypophysial diabetes insipidus (FNDI), characterized by progressive polyuria and loss of arginine vasopressin (AVP) neurons, is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by AVP gene mutations. Our previous studies with FNDI model mice demonstrated that mutant proteins accumulated in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of AVP neurons. Here, we examined therapeutic effects of the chemical chaperone 4-phenylbutylate (4-PBA) in FNDI mice. Treatment with 4-PBA reduced mutant protein accumulation in the ER of FNDI mice and increased AVP release, leading to reduced urine volumes...
June 7, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864547/methylene-blue-mmx%C3%A2-tablets-for-chromoendoscopy-bioavailability-colon-staining-and-safety-in-healthy-volunteers-undergoing-a-full-colonoscopy
#6
A F D Di Stefano, M M Radicioni, A Vaccani, A Fransioli, L Longo, L Moro, A Repici
Methylene blue-MMX® tablets are proposed as an aid for detection and visualisation of adenomas and carcinomas in patients undergoing colonoscopy, by improving their detection rate and highlighting the presence of the intestinal dysplastic lesions. Single total doses of 100 and 200 mg were administered to healthy volunteers undergoing a bowel cleansing preparation and a full colonoscopy to investigate the colonic staining. The pharmacokinetics of methylene blue and the safety after exposure to the tablets were also investigated...
June 1, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845738/relationship-between-nocturnal-polyuria-and-non-dipping-blood-pressure-in-male-patients-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms
#7
Misato Takayama, So Omori, Kazuhiro Iwasaki, Ei Shiomi, Ryo Takata, Jun Sugimura, Takaya Abe, Wataru Obara
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to examine factors of nocturnal polyuria and blood pressure variability in male patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) who were treated. METHODS: Two hundred and forty-two male patients with LUTS who were treated recorded frequency volume charts. We investigated their urinary condition and characteristics, medical history, and medications. Thirty-four of these patients underwent ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) for 24 hours to evaluate blood pressure variability...
May 29, 2018: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791494/sequential-assessment-of-clinical-and-laboratory-parameters-in-patients-with-hemorrhagic-fever-with-renal-syndrome
#8
Emil Pal, Miša Korva, Katarina Resman Rus, Nataša Kejžar, Petra Bogovič, Anica Kurent, Tatjana Avšič-Županc, Franc Strle
BACKGROUND: Information on the sequential appearance, duration, and magnitude of clinical and laboratory parameters in hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is limited. METHODS: Analysis of clinical and laboratory parameters obtained serially in 81 patients with HFRS, of whom 15 were infected with Dobrava virus and 66 with Puumala virus. RESULTS: The initial signs/symptoms, appearing on median day 1 of illness, were fever, headache, and myalgia...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786180/-bartter-syndrome-severe-rare-orphan-kidney-disease-a-step-towards-therapy-through-pharmacogenetic-and-epidemiological-studies
#9
EDITORIAL
Elena Conte, Paola Imbrici, Dalila Sahbani, Antonella Liantonio, Diana Conte
Bartter syndromes (BS) types 1-5 are rare salt-losing tubulopathies presenting with overlapping clinical phenotypes including marked salt wasting and hypokalemia leading to polyuria, polydipsia, volume contraction, muscle weakness and growth retardation. These diseases are due to an impairment of sodium, potassium, chloride reabsorption caused by mutations in genes encoding for ion channel or transporters expressed in specific nephron tubule segments. Particularly, BS type 3 is a clinically heterogeneous form caused by mutations in CLCNKB gene which encodes the ClC-Kb chloride channel involved in NaCl reabsorption in the renal tubule...
May 2018: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783976/possible-multiple-system-atrophy-with-predominant-parkinsonism-in-a-patient-with-chronic-schizophrenia-a-case-report
#10
Hiroshi Komatsu, Masaaki Kato, Teiko Kinpara, Takashi Ono, Yoshihisa Kakuto
BACKGROUND: Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is an adult-onset, rare, and progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a varying combination of autonomic failure, cerebellar ataxia, and parkinsonism. MSA is categorized as MSA-P with predominant parkinsonism, and as MSA-C with predominant cerebellar features. The prevalence of MSA has been reported to be between 1.86 and 4.9 cases per 100,000 individuals. In contrast, approximately 1% of the population is affected by schizophrenia during their lifetime; therefore, MSA-P comorbidity is very rare in schizophrenic patients...
May 21, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780140/fulminant-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-presenting-15-days-after-delivery-diagnosed-in-cooperation-with-obstetricians
#11
Junji Sagawa, Yoko Yoshii, Mitsunobu Kubota
The patient was a 32-year-old Japanese woman who was given a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test at the 35th week of pregnancy and was normoglycemic. She had excessive thirst and polyuria from 15 days after delivery. When she visited for the 1-month postpartum checkup, her plasma glucose level was 479 mg/dL, HbA1c was 7.4%, and urinary C-peptide was 1.1 μg/mL; she was therefore diagnosed with fulminant type 1 diabetes mellitus associated with pregnancy. All physicians should be aware of this disease so as to provide a prompt diagnosis and emergency treatment and consequently improve the maternal prognosis...
May 18, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775647/exposure-to-imipenem-cilastatin-causes-nephrotoxicity-and-even-urolithiasis-in-wistar-rats
#12
Amal Tahri, Amina Lahyani, Rim Kallel, Fatma Ayadi, Tahia Boudawara, Zouheir Sahnoun
Imipenem/cilastatin is a broad-spectrum β-lactam antibiotic used to treat several bacterial infections. The present study was designed to validate the nephrotoxic effect of this drug in rats and to explore its potentional urolithiatic effect. Thirty two Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: three experimental groups treated with different imipenem/cilastatin dosages (30, 50 and 80 mg/kg/day) and a control group.The experimental groups were given intraperitoneal imipenem/cilastatin injections twice daily for 7 days, and the control group was given intraperitoneal vehicle NaCl 0...
May 17, 2018: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770221/risperidone-induced-type-2-diabetes-presenting-with-diabetic-ketoacidosis
#13
Clarissa Ern Hui Fang, Mohammed Faraz Rafey, Aine Cunningham, Sean F Dinneen, Francis M Finucane
A 28-year-old male presented with 2 days of vomiting and abdominal pain, preceded by 2 weeks of thirst, polyuria and polydipsia. He had recently started risperidone for obsessive-compulsive disorder. He reported a high dietary sugar intake and had a strong family history of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). On admission, he was tachycardic, tachypnoeic and drowsy with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) of 10/15. We noted axillary acanthosis nigricans and obesity (BMI 33.2 kg/m2 ). Dipstick urinalysis showed ketonuria and glycosuria...
2018: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738847/ethnopharmacological-uses-phytochemistry-biological-activities-and-therapeutic-applications-of-alpinia-oxyphylla-miquel-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Qiao Zhang, Yunliang Zheng, Xingjiang Hu, Xiaolong Hu, Wenwen Lv, Duo Lv, Jinjin Chen, Minglan Wu, Qichao Song, Jianzhong Shentu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL USAGES: Fructus Alpiniae oxyphyllae (A. oxyphylla) is an important medicinal plant that is used not only as an edible fruit, but also as an important traditional medicine for benefiting cognitive performance and alleviating a wide spectrum of diseases. Such as; warming kidney, securing essence and arresting polyuria, as well as warming the spleen and stopping diarrhea and saliva. AIMS: The purpose of this review is to provide updated, comprehensive and categorized information on the traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological research of A...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724799/-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-for-the-evaluation-of-primary-eosinophilic-granuloma-of-the-hypothalamus
#15
Anna Eshghi, Robert Klein, Naghmehossadat Eshghi, Phillip Hsin Kuo
A 21-year-old man presented with polyuria and polydipsia and was discovered to have diabetes insipidus due to eosinophilic granuloma of the hypothalamus. 18 F FDG-PET/CT for metastatic work-up revealed an intensely FDG avid hypothalamic mass and no other sites of disease.
May 3, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721808/the-characteristics-of-clinical-changes-in-primary-hyperparathyroidism-in-chinese-patients
#16
Xiao-Ai Yao, Bo-Jun Wei, Tao Jiang, Hong Chang
In Western countries, the presentation of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) changed from a symptomatic to an asymptomatic disease after the 1970s, whereas in China, only one study has evaluated the changing clinical characteristics and biochemical profiles of PHPT patients. The aim of this study was to explore changes in the clinical characteristics of PHPT in Chinese patients. Overall, 140 consecutive patients with PHPT were studied between January 1, 2010 and June 30, 2016. The patients were divided into two groups: 32 consecutive patients from January 1, 2010 to March 31, 2013 were included in group 1, and 108 consecutive patients from April 1, 2013 to June 30, 2016 were included in group 2...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719294/preterm-glycosuria-new-data-from-a-continuous-glucose-monitoring-system
#17
Mateusz Jagła, Izabela Szymońska, Katarzyna Starzec, Przemko Kwinta
BACKGROUND: Careful control of glucose homeostasis is essential for infants with very low birth weight (VLBW). In clinical practice, blood and urine glucose levels are monitored; however, their correlation has not been fully investigated in VLBW infants. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the correlation between interstitial fluid glucose concentration (ISFG), glycosuria, and urine output among VLBW infants through continuous glucose monitoring (CGM). METHODS: A prospective, single-center, open cohort study enrolled 74 VLBW infants with a mean birth weight of 1,066 g...
2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719117/decreased-levels-of-keratin-8-sensitize-mice-to-streptozotocin-induced-diabetes
#18
C M Alam, J S G Silvander, T O Helenius, D M Toivola
AIM: Diabetes is a result of an interplay between genetic, environmental and lifestyle factors. Keratin intermediate filaments are stress proteins in epithelial cells, and keratin mutations predispose to several human diseases. However, the involvement of keratins in diabetes is not well known. K8 and its partner K18 are the main β-cell keratins, and knockout of K8 (K8-/- ) in mice causes mislocalization of glucose transporter 2, mitochondrial defects, reduced insulin content and altered systemic glucose/insulin control...
May 2, 2018: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717985/-calcitriol-induced-hypercalcemia-in-a-hunting-dog-with-a-disseminated-paecilomyces-variotii-infection
#19
C Weingart, J Raila, A Lübke-Becker, O Kershaw, M Brunnberg, B Kohn
A 5-year old hunting dog was presented with reduced appetite, weight loss and polyuria/polydipsia. Hematology and clinical chemistry revealed anemia, leukocytosis, increased liver enzymes, hypoalbuminemia and hypercalcemia. The cytological, pathohistological and microbiological examination identified a disseminated infection with the saprophytic mould fungus Paecilomyces variotii in the biopsies of the spleen and a lymph node. Determination of vitamin D metabolites confirmed a calcitriol induced hypercalcemia...
May 2018: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707227/diabetes-mellitus-remission-in-a-cat-with-pituitary-dependent-hyperadrenocorticism-after-trilostane-treatment
#20
Adriana Cunha Muschner, Fernanda Venzon Varela, Katarina Hazuchova, Stijn Jm Niessen, Álan Gomes Pöppl
Case summary: An 8-year-old male neutered Persian cat was presented with polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia and muscle weakness associated with a 7 month history of diabetes mellitus (DM). The cat had initially been treated with neutral protamine Hagedorn (NPH) insulin 2 U q12h, followed by porcine lente insulin 2 U q12h and, most recently, 3 U glargine insulin q12h, without improvement of clinical signs. The cat also suffered from concurrent symmetrical bilateral alopecia of thorax and forelimbs, abdominal distension and lethargy...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
keyword
keyword
106534
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"